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MUMBIA

METROPOLITAN
REGION 2016-2036
ASSIGNMENT: PLANNING FOR
REGIONS

SUBMITTED BY: RIMJHIM BAJPAI


Contents

MUMBAI METROPOLITAN REGION 2016-2036.............................................................3


OVERVIEW:................................................................................................................. 4
Areas undergoing Urbanization:..............................................................................4
Constraints to Urban Development:........................................................................4
Land Suitable for Agriculture and Dependent/Vulnerable Populations.....................4
Regional Plan 2016-36 : Goals and Objectives:..........................................................5
Specific objectives and stratergies:.........................................................................5
ISSUES : POPULATION................................................................................................. 7
STATERGIES:............................................................................................................ 7
PROPOSALS :........................................................................................................... 7
BANDRA KURLA COMPLEX (BKC)..........................................................................7
ISSUE: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT............................................................................... 8
STRATERGIES:.......................................................................................................... 8
Local Development Centres (LDCs) :.......................................................................8
ISSUE: HOUSING......................................................................................................... 8
STRATERGY:............................................................................................................. 9
REGIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM..............................................................................9
References................................................................................................................ 10
MUMBAI METROPOLITAN REGION 2016-2036

The Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area consisting of the metropolis
of Mumbai and its satellite towns. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists 8
Municipal Corporations & 9 Municipal Councils
along with more than 1,000 villages in Thane and
Raigad Districts.

1. Geographical Area
Greater Mumbai [sq.km.] 437.71
Mumbai Metropolitan Region 4312 sq
[sq.km.] km

The entire area is overseen by the Mumbai


Metropolitan Region Development
Authority (MMRDA), a Maharashtra State
Government organisation in charge of town planning,
development, transportation and housing in the region. The MMRDA was formed to address the
challenges in planning and development of integrated infrastructure for the metropolitan region.

The broad responsibilities of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority includes:

Preparation of Regional Development Plans

Providing financial assistance for significant regional projects

Providing help to local authorities and their infrastructure projects

Coordinating execution of projects and/or schemes in MMR

Restricting any activity that could adversely affect appropriate development of MMR,
etc.
OVERVIEW:

Of the 22.8 million population of the Region, 20.7 million reside in the 8 Municipal Corporations
and 9 Municipal Councils within MMR (accounting for 87.26 per cent of the total population) as
per the 2011 Census. Additionally there are 35 villages in rural MMR which exhibit urban
characteristics that qualify them as Census towns2. The population of MMR is thus largely
urban3 accounting for nearly 94 per cent of the total MMR population. (Authority, 2016)

Areas undergoing Urbanization:

The growth within MMR is now occurring outside Greater Mumbai. The Municipal Councils are
growing at faster rates than the Municipal Corporations. Areas outside the municipal areas are
also growing rapidly. Growth in Gaothan Extension areas is also noticed.

Constraints to Urban Development:

Over 200 sq.km. is under the Coastal Regulation Zone and has restricted development.
Water bodies in MMR constitute 180 sq km of land, notified forests constitute 1071
sq.km and coastal features such as wetlands occupy 304 sq km.

Land Suitable for Agriculture and Dependent/Vulnerable Populations

Such lands which are under irrigation command areas, which support populations dependent on
agriculture or vulnerable groups, have been identified in MMR so that they can be protected
from the ambit of urbanization
Regional Plan 2016-36 : Goals and Objectives:

The strategic goal of RP 2016-36 is to promote a more balanced growth of the region through
increasing inter-connectedness and integration of its constituent parts that work together as a
single entity - viz MMR.

Specific objectives and stratergies:

1. To facilitate a more balanced growth of the region through a dispersal of employment


opportunities across the region.
Create new growth centres/employment hubs dispersed across the Region
Create Local Development Centres (LDCs) as rural hubs
Promote tourism and
Encourage primary sector livelihood opportunities

2. To facilitate and promote the economic growth of the region, with an emphasis on the
secondary sector, in order to provide skilled employment opportunities in tune with the
available skillsets in the region.
Demarcate new Industrial Zone in the region
Provide logistic parks in the vicinity of the port
Encourage SMEs across the region

3. To augment public transit across the region with a view to increase connectivity and
integration of the region.
Extend suburban rail connectivity to peripheries of MMR
Increase suburban stations
Create new transit corridors as per CTS
Develop Multi-Modal Corridor
Use transit to spur development in current under-developed areas

4. To enable the emergence of MMR as an integrated whole, leveraging the specific


strengths of the individual cities to collective advantage.
5. To earmark conservation areas and suggest strategies for enhancing their strength
6. To suggest the extent and direction of future urbanization in areas that can be well served
along with the institutional framework for governance
7. To enable better quality of life through the creation of an integrated regional open space
network and regional infrastructure.
ISSUES : POPULATION

The population projection for MMR shows that about 76 lakh new people will be living
in MMR between 2011 and 2036.
The projections show that the municipal areas themselves are projected to absorb over 40
lakh new population. The sprawl at the peripheries of municipal areas is observed to be
absorbing considerable amount of the new population.
Considering the high densities in cities, the proposed municipal extensions over such
peripheries may help absorb the additional population better.

STATERGIES:

Special Planning Authority Areas : The population projections for MMR-2034 indicate that the
current SPAs open up areas for urbanisation in excess of the requirement, which will provide
choices of places of stay and work.

Growth centres : To facilitate employment creation in the tertiary sector, new Growth Centres
GCs) are proposed at locations that are served by rail as well as road networks. The Growth
Centres are envisaged as integrated complexes with opportunities for office sector employment,
research and development, education and recreational facilities and the necessary housing and
infrastructure.

PROPOSALS :

BANDRA KURLA COMPLEX (BKC)

This is the first in the series of new growth centers that are being planned in Greater Mumbai to
help arrest further concentration of offices and commercial activities in South Mumbai.
It provides an alternative location where future growth of offices and commercial activity can be
absorbed and where some of the existing activities from South Mumbai can be relocated.
The commercial development in BKC includes private and government offices (state and
central), banks, wholesale establishments, etc. and will provide ultimately about 200000 jobs in
the area.
ISSUE: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

There is an imbalance between the development of the urban and rural areas in the region in
terms of access to social and physical infrastructure, and livelihood opportunities. The urban
areas of the region have better access to infrastructure while several pockets of inadequacy exist
in the rural areas of the region

STRATERGIES:

Local Development Centres (LDCs) : Clusters of villages in Bhiwandi, Kalyan, Ambernath,


Karjat and Alibag Tehsils emerge as deficient in Social as well as physical infrastructure. Using
the available infrastructure as potential and natural boundaries, Rural MMR is divided into 29
Deficiency clusters. Each cluster has some centres as well as a large catchment area that is
dependent on such centres. It is proposed to promote a Local Development Centre in each cluster
to initiate development of the cluster of villages. It is proposed to promote a Local Development
Centre in each cluster to initiate development of the cluster of villages.

It is expected that these LDCs will:


a) Serve as local market centres.
b) Enable economic development which is in tune to local needs and skillsets
c) Rectify current deficiencies in physical and social amenities
d) Serve as centres for local skill upgradation
e) A point of convergence of Governmental schemes

ISSUE: HOUSING

As calculated, the housing need for MMR by 2036 is 44,42,730 units. (Adusumilli, 2007)
STRATERGY:
Redevelopments : Redevelopment schemes of slums and dilapidated structures are expected to
meet the housing need to the extent of 15,23,179 out of the 44,42,730 units.
The requirement of land for new housing units is separately calculated for all the ULBs, SPAs
and rural MMR based on their respective projected population and their respective applicable
FSIs. This exercise brought down the land requirement for the 21,79,406 housing units to
approximately 10,000 Ha

REGIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM

A computer based Regional Information System is developed and maintained by the


MMRDA.
Basic data on population, employment, industries and other sectors are regularly
collected and processed. The information system facilitates the planning, development
and co-ordination functions of the MMRDA.
Training programmes for the staff of the MMRDA and local authorities in MMR on use
of computer systems and softwares are periodically conducted.
A Geographic Information System (GIS), is extensively used for organising various
databases.
The spatial and non-spatial data are stored under the GIS at are Soil type, Soil
texture, Slope, Physiography andFlooding hazard zones;
Derived information from SOI topo-sheets are Coastal proximity and Altitude; Satellite
imageries: Land-use; and
Other information like Industrial area distribution, Environmental data on air
pollution pertaining to SO2, SPM and NOX levels.
Census sections in Greater Mumbai and Village boundaries from the village maps at
different scales obtained from the office of the Land Records
The non-spatial data from census and other sources for the years 1971, 1981, and 1991
corresponding to the above spatial data.

References

Adusumilli, U. (2007). Planning for the Mumbai. URBAN AGE INDIA CONFERENCE. MUMBAI:
URBAN AGE.
Authority, M. M. (2016). Draft Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Plan. MUMBAI: MMRDA.