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PRIME REVIEW CENTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1

SAMPLE PROBLEMS 4. Given the function y  x 3  3 x 2  4 x  5 . 15. Differentiate: y  x 2 ln 2 x sin x


27. Differentiate y =
Determine the coordinates of the point of inflection. A. x(1  ln 2 x ) C. x(1  2ln 2 x ) * 1  2 cos x
x+1 A. (-1,-3) C. (0,5)
1. Differentiate: y = B. x  2ln2 x D. 1  2 x ln2 x cos x  1 cos x  2
x+2 B. (2,9) D. (1,7) * A. C.
5. Find y’ if y  x ln x  x 16. Find the radius of curvature of the function 1  2 cos x  2
1  2 cos x  2
2. Differentiate: y= 2 - 3x 2 . cos x 2
A. x ln x C. ln x * y 2  8 x at (2,4). B. D .
3. Differentiate: y = cos (2X - 3)
ln x x A. 11.31 * C. 10.24 1  2 cos x  2
1  2 cos x  2
B. D. B. 13.21 D. 12.65 28. Differentiate y = e cos x x 2
x ln x A. -exsin x2 C. ex ( cos x2 – 2x sin x2 )
6. Locate the point of inflection of the curve y = f(x) = 17. Find dy/dx if y = cos x?
1 + x3 at x = 2 . B. e cos x – 2x sinx D. – 2x ex sin x
x 2 2
4. Differentiate x A. csc x C. –sec x
x2 ex . B. –sin x * D. sec x
29. Find y’ if y = x ln x – x
5. Find the second derivative of y with respect to w
2 2
A.  2  2 * C. 2  2 tan x  sin x A. ln x C. x ln x
of the function y = (3w – 4 )(3w +4). 18. Evaluate: Limit
B. 2 D. 3  2 x 0 B. ln x D. x
sin 3 x
6.
2
Find the partial derivative of 2x y + xy with
2 x ln x
7. At what value of x will the slope of the A. 0 C. 1/3
respect to x. curve x 3  9 x  y  0 be 18? B. 1/2 * D. 1/4
30. Find
dy or y’ for ( x y ) x = e
A. 2 C. 4 19. What is the derivative of ln cos x?
x 1
2 dx
B. 5 D. 3 * A. sec x C. – tan x *
7. Evaluate: Limit  y(1  ln xy)
x 1
x 1
B. – sec x D. tan x A.  y(1  ln xy) C.
8. Find the second derivative of y  x 2 at x = 2. x 2 x
20. Find dy/dx if y = cos (2x -3).
x3  2 x  5 A. 96 C. 0.375 *
8. Evaluate: Limit B. –0.25 D.–0.875
A. -2 sin(2x – 3) * C. – sin(2x –3) y
x  D. sin(2x –3) B. 0 D.
2 x3  7 B. 2 sin(2x–3)
x
9. Find the partial derivative of u  xy  yz  zx with
9. Evaluate: Limit  x csc 2x x3  2 x  9 1 t dy
x 0 respect to x. 21. Evaluate Lim 31. If y = and x = find or y’ :
10. Find the maximum value of y A. x + z C. y + z * x 
2x  83 t 1 t 1 dx
given: y  x 3  9 x 2  15 x  3. B. x + y D. x + y + z
A. 1/2 * C. 2/3 A. 1 C. –1
10. Evaluate the limit ln x / x as x approaches positive B. 1/3 D. 1/4 B. t D. –t
11. Find the point of inflection of the infinity. x 4
A. 1 C. 0 * 22. Evaluate : Lim 32. The set of first elements of the ordered pair in the
curve y  x 3  6 x 2  12. x 4
x  x  12
2 relation or function.
B. infinity D. –1
A. undefined C. 0 A. Domain * C. range
x 2  16 B. infinity D. 1/7 B. Function D. abscissa
11. Evaluate: Limit
x 4 x2 1
x4 23. Evaluate : Lim 33. A function f defined on an interval is said to be ______
A. 6 C. 10 x 1
x2  3x  4 on that interval if and only if f(x1) < f(x2) whenever x1<
x 1
2
x2.
1. Evaluate Lim B. 12 D. 8 * A. 3/5 C. 2/5
x 1 A. Increasing * C. decreasing
x2  3 x  4 12. Find dy/dx if y  cos(1  2 x )
B. 4/5 D. 1/5 B. Open D. closed
A. 2/5 * C. 0
A. -2 sin (1-2x) C. 2 sin (1-2x) * 3 x 4  2x 2  7 34. An interval that includes the two end point is
B.  D. 5/2 24. Evaluate : Lim
B. sin 2(1-2x) D. –sin (1-2x) x  5x 3  x  3 A. open - closed interval C. closed - open interval
2. What is the derivative of the function y  x with A. undefined C. 3/5 B. closed - open interval D. closed interval *
x
respect to x? 13. Evaluate: Limit B. infinity D. 0
x 0
1 e x 35. A relation in which there is exactly one range element
A. x C. 2x associated with each domain element.
A. 0 C. -1 * 25. What is the derivative of the function with respect
B. ½ x D. -1/2 x * A. Function * C. unique relation
B. 1 D. ½ to x of ( x + 1 )3 – x3 . B. Graph D. mapping
A. 3x + 3 C. 3x – 3
3. Find the slope of the curve y  x 3  x  5 at (2,-1).
14. What is the slope of the graph y   x 2 at x = 2? B. 6x – 3 D. 6x + 3 36. A function f is said to have a _______ value at c if
A. 11 * C. 12
A. 2 C. 4 * there exist an open interval containing c on which f is
B. –11 D. –12 2
B. -2 D. -4 26. Differentiate , y = sec x defined such that f(c)  f(x) for all x in this interval.
A. 2x sec x2 C. 2 sec x2

B. 2x tan x2 D. x sec x2 tan x2


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PRIME REVIEW CENTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING REVIEW COURSE DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS 1
A. explicit function C. implicit function 58. The rate of change of functions of several variables as 69. What x value maximizes y of the function y2 + y + x2 –
A. relative minimum C. relative maximum B. derivative D. antiderivative * changes where others are kept constant 2x = 5?
B. relative inflection D. relative maximum * A. parallel derivative * C. multi-valued derivative A. –1 C. 1 *
68. At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to B. composite derivative D. functional derivative B. ½ D. 5
37. It is a set that includes its all limit points. negative as x increases,
A. open-closed set C. closed-open set A. y is minimum C. y is maximum * 59. The _____ is also known as the composite function 70. Where does the point of inflection of the curve y = x3
B. open set D. closed set * B. x is minimum D. x is maximum rule. – 3x occur?
A. Trapezoidal rule C. Leibniz rule A. ( 0, 0 ) C. ( 1, 1 )
38. Any set of ordered pair is called a 48. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be B. Chain rule * D. Simpson’s rule B. ( 0, 1 ) D. ( 1, 0 )
A. range C. domain specified.
B. argument D. relation * A. Maximum C. boundary 60. The derivative of y with respect to x of the equation of 71. A function f(x) is called _______ of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x)
B. infinity * D. indeterminate y = abcd is A. explicit function C. implicit function
39. Refers to a quantity which does not change its value in A. abcd C. abc B. derivative D. antiderivative *
a general relationship between variables. 49. A set of all numbers or points lying between two B. 1 D. 0 *
A. modulus C. absolute value endpoints. 72. At a point where y’ = 0, if y changes from positive to
A. Difference C. interval * negative as x increases,
B. argument D. constant * 61. A method used for finding a root of an equation by
B. Boundary D. internal points A. y is minimum C. y is maximum *
successive approximations in the form of the iterations.
B. x is minimum D. x is maximum
40. An infinite change in an independent variable or in a A. Cardan’s method C. Ferrari’s method
dependent variable due to a small change in 50. A point at which the curve changes from concave B. L’Hospital’s method D. Newton-Raphson method 73. In mathematics, a quantity larger than any that can be
independent variable. upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called * specified.
A. integral C. differential * as 62. The ratio of a number is 5 : 8 where number 5 is A. Maximum C. boundary
B. approximations D. error A. critical point C. point of inflection * termed as antecedent while number 8 is known as B. infinity * D. indeterminate
B. point of intersection D. point of tangency
60. A set of functions one of which can be expressed as a A. augened C. mean
74. A set of all numbers or points lying between two
function of the others 51. A f(x) such that Lim f(x) =  or  endpoints.
B. consequent * D. dividend
A. independent function C. dependent functions * A. undefined function C. indeterminate function A. Difference C. interval *
B. composite functions D. constant functions B. discontinuous function D. infinite function * B. Boundary D. internal points
63. The other term of derivative is
A. differential coefficient *C. approximations 75. A point at which the curve changes from concave
41. The critical points of a graph occur where the 52. The value approached by a function as the B. summation D. differential error upward to concave downward or vice-versa is called
derivative of the function is independent variable approaches some value. d n as
A. one C. zero * A. Slope C. range 64. If n is a positive integer, then n ( x n ) A. critical point C. point of inflection *
dx
B. infinity D. indeterminate B. limit * D. argument B. point of intersection D. point of tangency
A. (n – 1)! C. (n + 1)!
42. Refers to rate of change of a function with respect to 53. The operation of finding the derivative of function. B. n! * D. 0 76. The value approached by a function as the
independent variable approaches some value.
distance in a specified direction or along a specified A. Derivation C. differentiation * x d n ( xe x ) A. Slope C. range
curve. B. Approximation D. iteration 65. For the function xe , then is
A. time rates C. velocity
dx n B. limit * D. argument
x e
B. slope D. directional derivative * 54. The derivative of a function is identical to the _______ A. (x + n) * C. nxe
77. The operation of finding the derivative of function.
B. (x + n – 1)ex D. (x + n + 1) ex
of the graph of the function. A. Derivation C. differentiation *
43. The derivative of a constant is A. Tangent C. secant 66. An equation which defines one variable purely in terms B. Approximation D. iteration
A. constant C. undefined B. slope * D. normal of another.
B. indeterminate D. zero * 78. The derivative of a function is identical to the _______
55. At the maximum point of y = f(x) A. explicit function * C. implicit function
of the graph of the function.
B. algebraic function D. transcendental function
A. the curve is concave upward A. Tangent C. secant
44. At point of inflection
1 B. the curve is concave downward * B. slope * D. normal
A. y = 0 C. y’’ = 0 * f (x)
C. y’’ is positive
B. y’’ is negative D. y’’ is positive 67. If the quotient assumes the indeterminate form
D. y’’ is zero g(x ) 79. The curve Spiral of Archimedes has an equation of
45. The _____ derivative of the function is the rate of f (x) f '( x ) A. r  a cos C. r  a *
56. At the minimum point of y = f(x) ______ when x = a, then lim  lim
change of the slope of the graph.
A. the curve is concave upward *
x a g ( x ) x a g '( x ) B. r 2  a2 D. x2 + y2 = a2
A. First C. second * 
B. Third D. fourth
B. the curve is concave downward A. 0. or o o
C. 0 or 1
C. y’’ is negative 80. The equation r = acos  is an equation of
0 
46. A set of numbers or quantities on which a mapping or
D. y’’ is zero B. or * D.  -  or 0. A. Limacon of Pascal C. Cruciform
0  B. Rosette * D. Lemniscate of Bernoulli
carried out.
57. The biggest rectangle inscribed in a circle is 68. Determine the equation of the tangent to the graph
A. Range C. domain *
A. square * C. rectangle y = 2x2 + 1 , at the point ( 1, 3 ). .. End…
B. Function D. relation
D. rhombus D. parallelogram A. y = 4x –1 C. y – 4x = 1
B. y + 1 = -4x D. y – 4x – 1 = 0
47. A function f(x) is called _______ of f(x) if f ’(x) = f(x)
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