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195

APPENDIX 1

SEMI - STRUCTURED INTERVIEW

A.1.1 PWD OFFICIALS

(i) Maintenance of river

(ii) How long you have been working as an engineer in this river?

(iii) What was the condition of river before ten years, twenty years,
etc?

(iv) Repair of damaged structures

(v) Are you aware of sewage disposal in the river?

(vi) If yes, what actions have you taken to stop the sewage
disposal?

(vii) Whether all the encroachments have been removed?

(viii) Building of infrastructure (flood)

(ix) Maintenance of infrastructure (lock)

(x) Whether there is any obstruction of flow due to MRTS


construction?

(xi) How often do you measure discharge data? (monsoon/non


monsoon)

(xii) Future plans to improve the river


196

A.1.2 CMDA

(i) Land approval

(ii) Enforcement of proper land use planning

(iii) Knowledge on drainage conditions

(iv) Budget allocations for flood mitigations

A.1.3 WELFARE ASSOCIATIONS

(i) Distributing relief supplies to flood victims

(ii) Search and rescue people from flood affected area

(iii) Coping strategy

(iv) Problems faced by them

A.1.4 NGO REPRESENTATIVES

(i) How do they create awareness to the local people?

(ii) What was the response of the people?

(iii) Problems faced by them

(iv) Relationship with media and government

A.1.5 ACADEMICIANS

(i) Policy recommendations

(ii) Technical support for flood management

(iii) Plans to minimize the effect of flooding


197

APPENDIX 2

SCHEDULES AND PARTICIPANT


LIST OF THE WORKSHOP

Table A.2.1 Working Sessions in the first workshop held on 29.1.2010

Working Session Timing Session Title


1 10.00 a.m. to 10.15 a.m. Inaugural address by Dr. B.V. Mudgal
Assistant Professor, Centre for Water
Resources, Anna University, Chennai
2 10.15 p.m. to 11.15 a.m. Keynote address by Er. Dheenadayalan
Former Engineer in Chief and Advisor to
Government Scheme, Tamil Nadu Public
Works Department, Chennai
3 11.15 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. Coffee Break
4 11.30 a.m. to 12.15 p.m. An exercise in problem definition
5 12.15 p.m. to 1.15 p.m. Rich Picture Diagram Group exercise
6 1.15 p.m. to 2.00 p.m. Lunch Break
7 2.00 p.m. to 3.00 p.m. An exercise in identifying the criteria
responsible for flooding and pair wise
comparison matrix Group exercise
8 3.00 p.m. to 3.30 p.m. CATWOE analysis and n exercise in writing
the root definition
9 3.30 p.m. to 3.45 p.m. Tea Break
10 3.45 p.m. to 4.15 p.m. Scoping the problem situation Spatial and
temporal scales
11 4.15 p.m. to 4.45 p.m. Finalization of all the exercise done
12 4.45 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. Valedictory address by Dr. Prakash Nelliyat
Research Co-ordinator, Centre for Water
Resources, Anna University, Chennai
198

Table A.2.2 Working Sessions in the second workshop held on 2.9.2010

Working Session Timing Session Title


1 10.00 a.m. to 10.15 a.m. Welcome address and opening remarks by
Dr. B.V. Mudgal, Assistant Professor,
Centre for Water Resources, Anna
University, Chennai
2 10.15 p.m. to 10.45 a.m. Keynote address by Er. Dheenadayalan
Former Engineer in Chief and Advisor to
Government Scheme, Tamil Nadu Public
Works Department, Chennai
3 10.45 a.m. to 11.15 a.m. Adayar River Flood management: an
overview (Technical presentation) by Er. D.
Khaleel Ahamed, Deputy Director, Institute
of Hydraulics and Hydrology, Poondi
4 11.15 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. Coffee Break
5 11.30 a.m. to 12.00 p.m. Studies on estuary of river Adayar
(Technical presentation by Dr. P. K. Suresh,
Assistant Director, Institute of Hydraulics
and Hydrology, Poondi
6 12.00 p.m. to 1.00 p.m. Influence diagram by the participants
(Relationship between various organizations
and institutions in flood management of the
Adayar watershed)
7 1.00 p.m. to 2.00 p.m. Lunch Break
8 2.00 p.m. to 2.30 p.m. Discussion on influence diagram
9 2.30 p.m. to 3.15 p.m. Force Field Analysis and discussion
10 3.15 p.m. to 3.30 p.m. Tea Break
11 3.30 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. Presentation on outcome of both SSM
workshop and discussion
12 4.00 p.m. to 4.15 p.m. Worksheet on policy recommendation
13 4.15 p.m. to 4.30 p.m. Valedictory address by Dr. N. K. Ambujam
Director, Centre for Water Resources, Anna
University, Chennai
199

Table A.2.3 Participant list of the first workshop

Sl No Name Designation Address


1. Mr.C.V. Vadivelu Executive Engineer Division 4, Institute for Water Studies,
Tharamani, Chennai 113
2. Ms.M. Anandhi Assistant Engineer Division 4, Institute for Water Studies,
Tharamani, Chennai 113
3. Mr. R. Emaraj Executive Engineer PWD, WRO, KWSP Division I,
Chepauk, Chennai 5
4. Mr.N. Maheswaran Executive Engineer Araniyar Basin Division,
Chepauk, Chennai 5
5. Mr. M. Dheenadayalan Former Advisor PWD and Former Engineer in Chief and Advisor to
Senior Consultant IRS Government Scheme, Tamil Nadu Public
Works Department, Chennai and Senior
Consultant IRS, Anna University,
Chennai 25
6. Mr. K. Rajamanickam Deputy Planner Chennai Metropolitan Development
Authority, Egmore, Chennai 8
7. Mr. M. Muralidharan Assistant Executive PWD, WRO, Cooum Basin Sub
Engineer Division, Chepauk, Chennai 5
8. Mr. M. Asokan Assistant Executive PWD, WRO, Kosasthaliyar Basin Sub
Engineer Division, Chepauk, Chennai 5
9. Mr. P. V. Rajan Assistant Executive PWD, WRO, Adayar Basin Sub
Engineer Division, Chepauk, Chennai 5
10. Ms. S.Suriya Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
11. Ms. K. Parameswari Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
12. Ms. S. Packialakshmi Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
13. Ms. V. Lavanya Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
14. Ms. M. Chaitanya Sudha Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
15. Ms. G. Mary Divya Research Scholar Institute of Remote Sensing,,
Anna University, Chennai 25
16. Ms. Mr. P. Junior Research Fellow Center for Water Resources,
Thirunavukkarasu Anna University, Chennai 25
17. Ms. V. Sudha Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
18. Ms. A. Deivalatha Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
19. Mr. K. Balamurugan Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
20. Dr. Carolin Arul Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
21. Dr. R. Saravanan Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
22. Mr. G. Dinakaran Lecturer in Civil Center for Environmental Studies, Anna
Engineering University, Chennai 25
23. Mr. V. Lenin Kalyana Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Sundaram Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
24. Mr. K. Ramesh Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
25. Mr. M. Mariappan Technical Assistant Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
200

Table A.2.4 Participant list of the second workshop

Sl No Name Designation Address


1. Mr. M. Sivashanmugam Senior Planner Chennai Metropolitan Development
Authority, Egmore, Chennai 8
2. Ms. M. Vijayalakshmi Assistant Engineer Institute for Water Studies,
Taramani, Chennai 113
3. Mr. J. Ignatius Jude Assistant Executive Institute for Water Studies,
Engineer Taramani, Chennai 113
4. Mr. D. Khaleel Ahamed Deputy Director Institute for Hydraulics
and Hydrology, Poondi
5. Mr. M. Dheenadayalan Former Advisor PWD & Former Engineer in Chief and Advisor to
Senior Consultant IRS Government Scheme, TamilNadu Public
Works Department, Chennai and Senior
Consultant IRS, Anna University,
Chennai 25
6. Mr. V. Ponraj Assistant Engineer Institute for Hydraulics
and Hydrology, Poondi
7. Mr. N. Maheswaran Executive Engineer PWD, WRO,
Araniyar BasinDivision,
Chepauk, Chennai 5
8. Mr. A. Selvarajah Senior Chief Engineer Institute for Hydraulics
and Hydrology, Poondi
9. Dr. P. K. Suresh Assistant Director Institute for Hydraulics
and Hydrology, Poondi
10. Mr. S. Viswanathan Associate Advisor Tamilnadu Urban Infrastructure Financial
Services Limited, Chennai
11. Ms. S.Suriya Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
12. Ms. K. Parameswari Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
13. Ms. V. Lavanya Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
14. Ms. M. Chaitanya Sudha Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
15. Ms. S. Packialakshmi Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
16. Mr. P. Thirunavukkarasu Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
17. Ms. V. Sudha Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
18. Mr. K. Balamurugan Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
19. Dr. Carolin Arul Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
20. Dr. R. Saravanan Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
21. Dr. N. G. Anuthaman Associate Professor Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
22. Mr. V. Lenin Kalyana Lecturer in Civil Center for Water Resources,
Sundaram Engineering Anna University, Chennai 25
23. Ms. J. Sarala Devi Research Scholar Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
24. Mr. M. Mariappan Technical Assistant Center for Water Resources,
Anna University, Chennai 25
201

APPENDIX 3

Table A.3.1 Maximum rainfall intensities in mm at Meenambakkam station

No of years of data: 55 (1951 2005)


Maximum
Maximum one
Sl. Sl. one day
Year day rainfall Ii ln Ii Year Ii ln Ii
No. No. rainfall
(mm)
(mm)
1 1951 67.3 0.45 -0.81 28 1978 85.8 0.57 -0.57
2 1952 191 1.27 0.24 29 1979 101.8 0.67 -0.39
3 1953 97.5 0.65 -0.44 30 1980 147.9 0.98 -0.02
4 1954 147.5 0.98 -0.02 31 1981 93.5 0.62 -0.48
5 1955 89 0.59 -0.53 32 1982 106.6 0.71 -0.35
6 1956 90 0.60 -0.52 33 1983 135.4 0.90 -0.11
7 1957 205.74 1.36 0.31 34 1984 203.2 1.35 0.30
8 1958 155.3 1.03 0.03 35 1985 295 1.95 0.67
9 1959 149.8 0.99 -0.01 36 1986 100.4 0.67 -0.41
10 1960 178.4 1.18 0.17 37 1987 88.7 0.59 -0.53
11 1961 71.4 0.47 -0.75 38 1988 132.3 0.88 -0.13
12 1962 142.5 0.94 -0.06 39 1989 176.6 1.17 0.16
13 1963 132.4 0.88 -0.13 40 1990 18.1 0.12 -2.12
14 1964 102.8 0.68 -0.38 41 1991 196.8 1.30 0.27
15 1965 64.6 0.43 -0.85 42 1992 98 0.65 -0.43
16 1966 125.8 0.83 -0.18 43 1993 61.4 0.41 -0.90
17 1967 171.4 1.14 0.13 44 1994 225.5 1.49 0.40
18 1968 78.9 0.52 -0.65 45 1995 148.2 0.98 -0.02
19 1969 229.4 1.52 0.42 46 1996 282.2 1.87 0.63
20 1970 192.5 1.28 0.24 47 1997 540.4 3.58 1.28
21 1971 181.6 1.20 0.18 48 1998 101 0.67 -0.40
22 1972 144.7 0.96 -0.04 49 1999 90.4 0.60 -0.51
23 1973 94.8 0.63 -0.47 50 2000 136.8 0.91 -0.10
24 1974 173.4 1.15 0.14 51 2001 170.4 1.13 0.12
25 1975 213 1.41 0.34 52 2002 200.1 1.33 0.28
26 1976 346 2.29 0.83 53 2003 77.9 0.52 -0.66
27 1977 93.8 0.62 -0.48 54 2004 75.8 0.50 -0.69
34 1984 203.2 1.35 0.30 55 2005 282.8 1.87 0.63
202

APPENDIX 4

STAKE HOLDERS MEETING REPORT

Venue: Sankara Vidhyalaya, Madipakkam


Date : 31.1.2009

A.4.1 ISSUES DISCUSSED IN THE MEETING

(i) Causes for flooding


(ii) Problems due to flooding
(iii) Damages due to flooding
(iv) Coping strategies
(v) Suggestions

The major flood occurred in 2002, 2005 and 2008.

A.4.1.1 Causes for Flooding

(i) Encroachment
(ii) Urbanization
(iii) MRTS construction
(iv) Roads were built against the natural slope
(v) Bifurcation of Pallikaranai marsh (Inner ring road)
(vi) Water is not allowed to flow in its natural path (Diversion of water)
(vii) Accumulation of silt and trash in the storm water drains
(viii) The number of culverts are insufficient
203

A.4.1.2 Problems due to Flooding

(i) They do not have access to essential services, such as water and
milk

(ii) Power supply and telephone lines are badly disrupted

(iii) Transportation was affected

(iv) Mental and physical stress

(v) Water quality gets affected

(vi) Mosquito problem due to stagnation of water

(vii) Reptiles move freely inside the house

(viii) People are not going for their office

(ix) Schools and colleges are closed

A.4.1.3 Damages Due to Flooding

(i) There was lot of damage (TV, Fridge, Washing machine and
furniture)

(ii) Loss of livelihood (Construction activities are disturbed)

(iii) Plants die due to stagnation of water

(iv) Health problems


204

A.4.1.4 Coping Strategies

(i) During flooding, they stay at their relatives house or at first floor

(ii) They were forced to build first floor

(iii) By moving the valuable things to first floor

(iv) Mentally prepared (buying candles and necessary things)

A.4.1.5 Suggestions

(i) Adambakkam lake, Madipakkam lake, Chitteri lake, Velachery


lake all have to be cleaned periodically.

(ii) In order to improve the flow pattern, aquatic weeds has to be


removed partially. They should not be cleaned completely
because they feed animals and biogas can be generated from
them.

(iii) Sand bar formations in Adayar River and Muthukadu have to be


removed.

(iv) Buckingham canal has to be widened.

(v) Check dams must be built wherever it is necessary to store the


rain water.

(vi) Removing encroachments

(vii) Cleaning the inlet and outlet channels of Pallikaranai marsh.

(viii) They suggested to read the report given by NEERI.


205

Table A.4.1 List of participants

Sl No Name Designation Address


4/300, 6th Main Road, Sadasiva
1. Mr. A. Raju Supdt (Retd) TNPCB
Nagar, Madipakkam
Engine Driver (Retd) G20, II street, Sivaprakasam
2. Mr. M. V. Gopalan
Southern Railway Nagar, Pulidivakkam
39, Ist Main road, Sadasiva
3. Mr. S. Chidambaram Educationist, (Retd ) Banker
Nagar, Madipakkam
Plot No 1, Neelamegan Street,
4. Mr. E. Prabakar Private Company (Retd) Ramakrishna Raja Nagar,
Pulidivakkam
5. Mr. S. V. Chari Custom Relation Officer Sadasiva Nagar, Madipakkam
Principal (ILC), Institute of Plot No 19, IV street,
6. Mr. V. Janardhanam
Chemical Technology Sheela Nagar
President, Federation of
Ram Nagar,
7. Mr. S. Vasudevan South Chennai Welfare
Madipakkam
Association
General secretary, Federation
8. Mr. K. Purushothaman of South Chennai Welfare Narmada Nagar, Ullagaram
Association
Srinivasa Nagar Welfare
9. Mr. K. Swamiraj Srinivasa Nagar, Pulidivakkam
Association
Correspondent, Sri Sankara
10. Mr. S. Swaminathan Sadasiva Nagar Madipakkam
Vidhayalaya, Madipakkam
11. Mr. Mr. Thirunavukkarasu PWD officer (Retd) Sadasiva Nagar Madipakkam
Professor Centre for Water Resources,
12. Prof. N.K. Ambujam
Anna University
Senior Lecturer Centre for Water Resources,
13. Dr. N. G. Anuthaman
Anna University
Centre for Water Resources,
14. Dr. Prakash Nelliyat Project Coordinator
Anna University
Research Scholar Centre for Water Resources,
15. Ms. S.Suriya
Anna University
Research Scholar Centre for Water Resources,
16. Ms. K. Parameswari
Anna University
Research Scholar Centre for Water Resources,
17. Ms. S. Packialakshmi
Anna University
Research Scholar Centre for Water Resources,
18. Ms. M. Chaitanya Sudha
Anna University
M. E Student Centre for Water Resources,
19. Ms. Dharani
Anna University
M. E Student Centre for Water Resources,
20. Ms. Saranya
Anna University
206

APPENDIX 5

QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Note : This information is confidential and will be used for research


purpose only

1. Name of the respondent:

2. Age:

3. Sex: [ ] Male [ ] Female

[ ] [ ]

4. Educational qualification:

5. Occupation

[ ] Government [ ] Private [ ] Unemployed [ ] Others

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
207

6. Family details

Members Sex Age Occupation Income/ month


/

7. Annual income (in lakhs)

( )

[ ] < 0.5 [ ] 0.5 1 [ ] 1 5

[ ] 5 10 [ ] 10 20 [ ] > 20

8. Ownership details

[ ] Owner [ ] Tenant [ ] Lease

[ ] [ ] [ ]

9. Address:

10. Phone:

11. Email (if any):

( )

12. Housing typology

[ ] Apartment [ ] Individual [ ] Others

[ ] [ ] [ ]
208

13. When did you construct/ buy this house?

/ ?

14. Area of the plot sq ft

sq ft

15. Built area of the house sq ft

sq ft

16. How many years have you lived in this area?

[ ]<1 [ ]15 [ ] 5 10

[ ] 10 15 [ ] 15 20 [ ] > 20

17. Why did you shift to this area?

18. How many times you have experienced floods?

[ ] Every year [ ] More than times a year

[ ] [ ] ____

19. How long was this area flooded? (in each flood)

Days Hours

( )
209

20. What was the cause of flooding?

[ ] Heavy rains

[ ] Poor drainage

[ ] Canal / embankment breaching

[ ] Others (specify)

[ ]

[ ]

[ ] /

[ ] ( )

21. What was the extent of flooding?

[ ] Inside of the house

[ ] Garage/ Shed

[ ] Open land

[ ] Foot path

[ ] Garden

[ ] Others (specify)

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ] ( )
210

22. What was the depth of flooding?

[ ] < one feet [ ] one to two feet [ ] two to three feet

[ ] three to four feet [ ] four to five feet [ ] > five feet

23. What were the outflows of flood water?

[ ] Storm water drains

[ ] Tanks/ lakes/ ponds/ streams/ canal

[ ] Rain water harvesting system

[ ] Others (specify)

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ] ( )

24. Have you experienced damage to your property from flooding?

[ ] Yes [ ] No

[ ] [ ]

25. What was damaged? Fill the estimated cost of damage

[ ] House / Apartment Rs

[ ] Furniture Rs

[ ] Appliances Rs

[ ] TV [ ] Refrigerator [ ] Washing machine


211

[ ] Others

[ ] Garage or shed Rs

[ ] Vehicle Rs

[ ] Others Rs

[ ] / Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] [ ] [ ]

[ ]

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

26. Was your daily life interrupted by flood effects?

[ ] Yes [ ] No

[ ] [ ]

27. If yes, tick the public property which was damaged?

[ ] Road

[ ] Power outages

[ ] Parks

[ ] Play grounds

[ ] Others
212

, ?

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

28. What are the problems due to flooding?

[ ] Difficulty in access to schools / colleges

[ ] Difficulty in access to workplaces

[ ] Difficulty in getting essential services, such as water and milk

[ ] Mental and physical stress

[ ] Power outage

[ ] Communication problems (telephones, letters, etc)

[ ] Water quality gets affected

[ ] Health problems

[ ] Loss of daily wages

[ ] Specific problems to women

[ ] Others (specify)

[ ] /

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]
213

[ ]

[ ] ( , , )

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ] ( )

29. What was the daily wage loss if you are not going to your work?

30. What was the additional amount spent during flooding?

Flood time cost Normal

(Rs) (Rs)
[ ] Milk ( )
[ ] Water ( )
[ ] Rice ( )
[ ] Provisions
( )
[ ] Transportation
( )
[ ] Health
( )
[ ] Others )
214

31. How will you prepare yourself during flooding?

[ ] Moving valuable things to first floor

[ ] Staying at friends/ relatives home

[ ] Buying candles and essential things and storing it

[ ] Moving children to safety places

[ ] Erecting barriers

[ ] Dredging canals

[ ] Others (specify)

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

32. Have you taken any of the following steps to limit your future flood loss
and fill the cost you have spent? (Flood mitigation cost)

[ ] Purchased flood insurance Rs

[ ] Elevated electric box above flood level Rs

[ ] Elevated appliances above flood level Rs

[ ] Elevated structure above flood level Rs


215

[ ] Improved drainage around your home Rs

[ ] Implemented rain water harvesting structure Rs

[ ] Installed permeable paving Rs

[ ] Erecting barriers Rs

[ ] Dredging canal Rs

[ ] Others Rs

, ?

[ ] Rs

[ ]

Rs

[ ]

Rs

[ ]

Rs

[ ]

Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs

[ ] Rs
33. Have you got any relief funds?
[ ] Yes [ ] No

[ ] [ ]
216

34. If yes, how many times you have got relief fund?
, ?

35. What kind of relief fund you have received?


[ ] Food
[ ] Cash
[ ] Others
?

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

36. If your answer to the previous question is cash, then how much? Rs

? Rs
37. Who will support you during floods?
[ ] Government organizations
[ ] Non government organizations
[ ] Rotary club, Welfare associations
[ ] None
[ ] Others
?

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]

[ ]
217

38. What are your suggestions to minimize the effects of flooding?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
39. Give your suggestions to improve the quality of life
?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
40. Rank the problems prevailing in your area
Encroachment [ ]
Congestion [ ]
Ground water quality [ ]
Traffic [ ]
Drainage [ ]
Flooding [ ]
Transportation [ ]
Metro water supply [ ]
Pollution [ ]
Power outage [ ]
218

[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]