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D

I
S
U
S
U
N
OLEH

ILHAMUDDIN
MHD. IQBAL
EKA SYAFITRI
RAHMA
ROBIANSYAH PUTRA
PART
PRELIMINARY

A. Background
Regional concept, as it has been often mentioned by experts Geography, is a concept
study of an area of Geography. A regionukurannya varies, from very broad to a limited extent.
That a standard is a region must have certain characteristics, has its particularity, which can be
distinguished from the region, other regions. World Regional Geography is the science that
discuss or learn about countries in the Americas.

B. Problem Formulation
The formulation of the problem in this paper are as follows:
1) What is the state of nature, climate, lakes, and rivers in the Americas
2) What is the situation in the Americas physiographic
3) What is the state of the population, the spread of ethnic and religious groups in the country
4) How is the economy, government and history

C. Purpose Paper
The purpose of this paper is to complete the task group in the eyes of the English Language
Lessons to meet good grades,

D. Benefits of Writing Papers


Benefits of preparation of this paper is that we can know about the state of the American
continent along with his state. As well as complete information on the state flag of example,
Meaning Color flag, language, tribe, etc.
BAB I
PEMBAHASAN

1. AMERIKA SERIKAT

Stars and stripes


The US flag was originally designed with 13 stars and 13 stripes. According Flag Act (Act flag)
that was first passed by Congress, the stars represent a new constellation. Over the years many
people who associate meaning with colors on the US flag, but there was never any official
statement about it. 13 stripes represent the 13 original colonies and the stars in the corner
representing the state, one star for each state in the union. Since July 4, 1960, stars in the flag
was raised to 50 to represent the 50 states of the USA.
Color
The color of the American flag has not been officially correlated with meaning, but the official
seal of the United States contain the same color and it gives meaning. According USFlags.org,
"White signifies purity and innocence, red signifies the resilience and courage, and blue signifies
vigilance, perseverance and justice." It can be assumed that these meanings can also apply for a
flag.
History
On January 1, 1776, General George Washington forces besieging Boston which was under
British control. He ordered the Grand Union flag, which has 13 red and white stripes alternating
and British Union Jack in the upper left. In May of 1776, Betsy Ross sewed the American flag
claiming to have first hand, despite the claims that remain unproven. On June 14, 1777, the
Continental Congress passed the first Flag Act, which officially created the American flag, with
13 stripes and stars.
Languages spoken: English
Ethnic groups: American Indians
culture:
American culture
America is famous for many things, but sports, music and art plays an important role in the
culture there. The most popular sport in America is American Football,baseball,

basketball and ice hockey. United States has won many gold medals and won numerous awards at the
Olympic games. College sports also play a role in the culture of sports in America.

Elements multikultuur in America a large share in the music industry, from pop, rock, jazz, to blues. The
music industry in America is the second largest industry in the world of music.

Besides music, art also plays a big role in American culture. You can find a variety of musical theater,
dance, performing arts, fashion to photography in America

Tourist attraction di San Francisco, California

Tempat Wisata di San Francisco, California

Every neighborhood in San Francisco has its own personality, from hippie chic of Haight Top to grit
Mission hipster. District Marina offers a trendy bistro and postcard perfect scenery of the Golden Gate
Bridge, while Noe Valley offers a quiet quaint boutique. Waves greet the sea lions at Pier 39, and sample
local cheeses and charcuterie at the Ferry Building. Sitting in on a yoga session in Dolores Park or admire
the Dutch Windmill across Ocean Beach.

2. KANADA

Flag of Canada is often referred to by banyk people as the Maple Leaf or in English means the Maple
Leaf.
According to Wikipedia, canada country flag is a red flag with a white color in the middle, this emblem
featuring a symbol of the characteristic features maple leaf red. Hence, also known as the Canadian maple
tree paradise.
Just like many state flags, flags of Canada also has a long history to be fluttering freely as it is now.
Characteristic feature of the Canadian Flag
1. It consists of only two colors: red and white.
2. There is a red line on both sides of the flag.
3. There is a maple leaf symbol is red.

Canadian flag is a flag that has a lot of historical value for the people of Canada since before the current
Canadian flag was raised and used as a national flag, they have first use of the flag of great britain.
Languages spoken: English
Ethnicity Canada
Indigenous Canada: First Nations (formerly called "Indians"); The Inuit (formerly called Eskimos), which
are groups of indigenous people first in Canada; and Mtis groups, which emerged after the period of
colonization of Canada.
Culture
Culture of Canada advanced rapidly, especially in the arts. In 1969 the Indonesian government never
opens the National Arts Centre in Ottawa, especially for art, drama, music, and ballet.

In the field of sculpture, many Eskimo artists make sculptures out of ivory and paintings on stone
depicting the activities of their daily lives. Renowned Canadian musician, among others, Glanu Gould.

Rocky Mountains

Rocky Mountains or Rockies is a series of mountains that extends to the west of North America
and a length of more than three thousand miles. These mountains stretching from British
Columbia in Canada to New Mexico in the United Serikat.Pegunungan is mostly made up of
shale and limestone. Here, you can do various activities, such as mountain climbing, rock
climbing, rafting, downhill cycling, skiing, horseback riding, fishing, or just a picnic and enjoy
the scenery. The extent of the Rocky Mountains to make their area a few lines from entering the
area. Tickets sold at an average price of $ 10 to $ 80 not including the rental location for a picnic
or camping.

3. MEKSIKO

Flag Meksiko
The flag was created in 1821. President Benito Juarez then slightly change the meaning of the official
colors of the flag. Mexico celebrates El Dia de la Bandera, or Flag Day, on February 24. The green color
signifies the freedom and hope. According to its founders, the green vertical bar along the left side of the
flag representing the movement for independence and separation from Spain. This color is then
interpreted as an expectation.
White is the symbol of Catholic unity. The creators want to express devotion Mexican Catholicism. White
vertical bar in the middle represents the purity of the faith the people of Mexico. This meaning was later
changed to represent unity. Red is the symbol of unity and blood shed. Red vertically along the right side
of the flag originally represented the unity of the people of Europe and the people of Spain Spain North
America. This color is then interpreted as revolutionaries blood spilled to fight for independence.
Eagle with a snake in its mouth represents the Mexican Aztec heritage; According to Aztec legend, the
gods suggest the Aztec people to establish their capital in a location where they saw an eagle perched on a
prickly pear tree and eat snakes. They built their capital, Tenochtitlan, in what is now the main square of
Mexico City.
Spoken language
1. English
2. Japanese
3. Mandarin

Tribe Mexico
a. People Mestik: Whites with Indian.
b. People Mulat: Whites with a Negro.
c. People Zambo: black with Indian descent.
d. People Kreal: Spanish descent who was born in Mexico.

Culture
Mexico has a wide variety of cultures. for example, the day Sinco de Mayo. ie Day celebrated on 5
Mei.Cinco de Mayo feast regarded as relatively less important in nearly all of Mexico. This celebration is
celebrated, if any, at various levels. [1] [2] This feast is celebrated massively in Puebla, Puebla, where the
fighting was taking place first, and in all states of the parts of Puebla. Celebrations more limited or even
almost non-existent in other parts of Mexico. [3] Celebrations usually done by providing various types of
food, drinks, music, and dance.
Cenote Ik Kil

Images Credit
Is a well keadalaman berdimeter 60 meters by 35 meters. These wells contain underground fresh water is
clear and clean, you can swim taste the freshness of this water. Located not far from Itza pyramid. The
well is also included Mayan.

4. ARGENTINA

Spanish: "Sur del sur"

Tribe Argentina
basque
Mapuche
Mestizo
Selknam

Culture

Argentina is a country that is unique because it is one of the countries in Latin America where the
Europeans accepted and not feel marginalized. This occurs because of the influence of Spanish and Italian
culture is strong. Spanish is the official language but other languages are also spoken here, including
Germany, Britain, Italy and France. Members of trade here with the widespread use of English.

Although, the European influence has been fused with the arts, writing and lifestyle of the people of
Argentina, the country is still able to preserve its own identity. It is apparent from the writings of the
famous Argentine employees such as Jorge Luis Borges and Manuel Puig, and footballer sepaknya artistic
like Diego Maradona. In terms of food, beef is the main food and present in almost all types of food. Tea
drinks are also popular and one of the Argentine culture is the provision of mate tea, as a sign of
acceptance of a person.

Argentina also quite popular with the dance 'tango'nya, especially in cities such as Buenos Aires. Hot
dance is very famous all over the world. Spanish is the official language of the country but immigrants
still use their own language. In addition there are 17 major languages of the original, including Quechua,
Mapuche, Guaran, Tobas and Matacos.

El Calafate
This is the initial location to many sights in Argentina. Formerly El Calafate is only a small town in
Patagonia, but is now growing rapidly and has been used to provide services to tourists who come to Los
Glaciares National Park which is located near the city.
Many travelers who come to witness the beauty and natural wonders such as the Glacier Perito Moreno.
This glacier is a large glacier that consists of many other pieces of ice that has shifted.
Not merely a gateway to the wild Patagonia, El Calafate also offers different types of adventures in the
wild. Do not forget to visit the Perito Moreno Glacier (Perito Moreno Glacier), Upsala Glacier, Onelli
Glacier.
5. BRAZIL

Full potential of the country called Brazil. Vibrant culture, the results of the most abundant
natural, beautiful football worldwide, as no consumables for reviews. Editors' Capoeira
community this morning wanted to discuss the meaning of the flag State Brazil. On November
19, 1889, four days after proclaiming independence of the Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian flag
was introduced to the audience. Design designed by Decio Vilares is inspired by the Empire of
Brazil of the past. Measuring the ratio of government official in accordance constant at 10: 17,
the meaning of the flag as follows:

- The basic color green depicts the land of Brazil


- Yellow gold featuring the prosperity of the whole country
- Light blue color symbolizes the sky Rio de Janeiro during the night 15 November 1889 when
Brazil's independence
- Star Star showed 27 states and distri in Brazil
- White Strip reads 'Ordem e Progresso', Order and Progress, Brazil means a strong desire to
move forward.

Languages Spoken Portuguese

The natives of Brazil (Portuguese: POVOS indigenas no Brasil), or Brazilian First (Portuguese: Nativos
brasileiros) or POUDAR (Portuguese: Pua), covering a large number of different ethnic groups living
in the area that is now part of Brazil before European exploration around 1500. Unlike Christopher
Columbus, who sailed to the East Indies, the Portuguese, the most famous Vasco da Gama, heading to
India via the Indian Ocean when they reach Brazil. Even so, said Indios ( "Indians") is then used to call
the people of the New World and was used until now in the Portuguese language to refer to these people,
while the people of India called indianos to distinguish keduanya.Pada future arrival of Europeans, most
indigenous people in Brazil are the tribes of semi-nomadic life of hunting, fishing, gathering, and
agribudaya. About 2,000 tribes and nations that exist in the 16th century disappeared as a result of
conquest by Europeans and some of them were assimilated into the Brazilian population. In the last IBGE
census (2010), 817 000 Brazilians declared themselves as the original inhabitants.
Brazil terrace culture derived from Portuguese culture because the strong ties with the Portuguese empire.
Between the influences brought by the Portuguese, including Portuguese, Roman Catholic religion and
the art style colonial building. In addition, the Portuguese culture is also strongly influenced by the
culture and traditions of African, indigenous and European. Sesetengah aspects of Brazilian culture were
influenced by the contribution of immigrants in Italy, Germany and other European nations who arrived
abuzz in the South and Southeast region of Brazil. The original person affects the language and cuisine; as
well as those that influence the African music, dance and religion.

Salvador

Kota Indah Salvador


Salvador A historic Old Town which has beautiful beaches, lively culture and one of the world's largest
Carnival celebration, all modes Salvador was making it as one of the best places to visit in Brazil. One of
the oldest cities in America, Salvador is the third largest city in Brazil and the state capital of Bahia.

6. KOLOMBIA

Bendera Kolombia diadopsi pada tanggal 26 November 1861. Bendera ini


merupakan bendera triwarna horisontal: 2/4 kuning, 1/4 biru, dan 1/4 merah.
Bendera ini mirip dengan Ekuador dan Venezuela, yang juga merupakan mantan
anggota dari Kolombia Raya. Desain bendera ini oleh Francisco de Miranda.
Languages Spoken Spanish Language

Tribe Colombia

Cultural communities to preserve the culture of "friendly". Friendly culture is reflected in the actions and
habits of Colombian society in everyday life. "Every meet or say goodbye to your friends or family, we
(Colombians) can greet a way to hug and kiss the right cheek, asking the news," said University student
Colombian national, Joam David

Tourism spot

Medellin

Medellin is one of the most beautiful cities in South America and is often referred to as "the city of eternal
spring". There are many tourist activities that can be done in this city. Because it is located about 5,000
feet above sea level and close to the Equator, the subtropical climate in Medellin has a cozy warm
temperature as a tourist destination (lows around 15 C). Popular tourist activities in Medellin is a
controversial tour commemorating Pablo Escobar, mountain climbing, swimming, etc .. Every year in
August Medellin held Madellin Flowers Fair which is the world's largest flower parade.

7. PARAGUAY
flag of Paraguay

Flag of paraguay is unique because it has two versions: version front and dispersions rear, both versions
are equally composed of red, white, and blue are arranged in horizontal difference is if the version of the
front featuring the state emblem paraguay circular degnan star symbol yellow flag in the middle, then
back version featuring the state emblem paraguay form of yellow circle with a star symbol on the state
flag amid the circular degnan lions and stick hat. The colors on the flag symbolize patriotism and courage.
Warana white symbolizes purity and peace. The blue color symbolizes knowledge and freedom

Languages Spoken Spanish Language

Tribe Paraguay Ache tribe and they said he was from the province of Aceh, Indonesia. "
Paraguay National Culture olaraga

Places of Interest Paraguay

ITAIPU

at first many doubted all parties, including the experts, there is a saying "Not sufficient", "unreliable",
"not feasable". But eventually Itaipu prove if it was wrong. Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is the largest
in the world. 10X produces output power higher than nuclear plants. Supply the needs of the community
electricity consumption in the world's second-largest city ddengan Zero emmision since 1984 developed
again sampi 1991. In the year 2000 reached a record 93.4 billion kWh of electric energy consumption of
93% of Paraguay and 20% of electricity consumption in the Brazilian supply by hydropower

8. PERU

Peruvian flag was adopted in 1825. The civil flag (used by civilians) using a style vertical tricolor red-
white-red. The flag state (which was hoisted at a ceremony etc.) is added to the symbol of Peru in the
middle. Battle flag (used by police and military) is the flag of civil supplemented with national shield
symbol.
Languages Spoken Spanish Language

Peru Culture Indian, Mestizo, Caucasian

Tourist attraction

You can not go to Peru without visiting Machu Picchu. There are several ways to get to Machu Picchu, by
train (Peru Rail), via the Inca Trail, or by bus.
Once you make it to the ruins, you will not be disappointed. We did a tour of Machu Picchu with a guide,
which helped because he was there to explain about the ruins and answering questions. The ruins were
amazing and it was hard to believe that it is all made by hand and are hidden from humans for so long.

9. URUGUAY

Flag of Uruguay (Pabelln Nacional) has nine intermittent transverse white and blue. The canton is white,
charged with the Sun of May, in which 16 rays appeared, intermittent between the triangle and wave. The
flag was approved by the law dated December 16, 1828 and has 17 lines until July 11, 1830, when the
new law reduces the number of lines to nine. The flag was designed by Joaqun Surez
Uruguay Spanish language

Tribe uruguay is Europe / Mestizo, Blacks and Amerindians.

cultural Uruguay
1. Art
Effect since the 19th century known Uruguayan painter-realist as well including Juan Manuel
Blanes, constructivists such as Joaqun Torres Garca, nativists like Carlos Mara Herrera, post-
impressionists such as Pedro Figari and Felipe Seade, abstract painters like Carlos Paez Vilaro, and many
others , Yamg famous sculptors including realist Pablo Atchugarry, Jos Belloni and Jos Luis Zorrilla de
San Martn, and sculptor contemporary as Juan Jos Calandria, Agueda Dicancro, Hugo Nantes, Claudio
Silveira Silva, Mariv Ugolino and Carlos Paez Vilaro, who created the internationally renowned
"sculpture livable "Casapueblo.
2. Music
Uruguayans enjoy music like tango, folk and waltz, as well as local forms such as murga, candombe
and milonga
3. Literature
One of the most famous works of literature Uruguay is Ariel by Jos Enrique Rodo (1871-1917).
Written in 1900, the book relates to the need to maintain spiritual values while pursuing material and
process engineering
4. Religion
Uruguay is the most secular countries of South America. It has no official religion and church and
state are separate. Freedom of religion is guaranteed. Sixty-six percent of Uruguayans are Roman
Catholic
5. Food and Beverages
Uruguayans rival neighbors Argentina just their consumption of beef, especially at meetings known
in the subcontinent as asados.

Tourist attraction

Punta Del Este (Ruta Riviera Uruguay)

Uruguay is a country that has a great reputation for beach tourism. We can find Uruguay Malnanado
Department which serve as a home or a prime location for tourists who hunt feel of beach in Uruguay.
Some of the renowned beach resort in Uruguay namely Piriapolis, Punta Colorada, Isla de Lobos and
Punta Del Este. Among the four tourist destinations in the Uruguayan coast, a place that has the highest
level of polularitas is Punta Del Este. Where these beaches have been recast and developed by Uruguayan
coast Bandar.
Starting in 1896, Punta Del Este has developed in the form of their botanical garden Antonio Lussich's
and Punta Del Este Host increasingly attract travelers. Even today, the number of visitors to Punta Del
Este in the summer can reach one million visitors. When we visited the place in the summer, the
beginning of the month of December to February then we will see the crowds there.
In Uruguay we can also see the interest the major ones there Caspueblo located near the statue of Carlos
Paez Vilaro. a variety of hotels and studios there can provide the space for us to choose a place to stay in
accordance with the type of facility that will be obtained later. Moreover, Punta Ballena also menjadii the
recommended travel destinations for local travelers and foreign countries

10.CHILE

Chilean flag using horizontal bi-colored white and red with a blue colored square in the upper
left, and in the middle of the square there is a white pentagon star. Square in which there is a
pentagonal star symbolizes led to progress and honor, blue color symbolizes the sky, white for
the Andes mountains, and red for the blood spilled to achieve independence.

In Chile Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua and Rapa Nui.


Tribe Bangas Patagon Chile, Selknam, Tehuelche, yaghan people
Culture Chile Culture Chile
Asado- Asado is a technique to cut the meat, which is cooked on a grill (parrilla) or open flame.
Asado is quite popular in the Pampa region, South America, and is a traditional food of
Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay. Asado is also the food in the Philippines and is
different from the version of South America.
Vina del Mar Chile
Vina del Mar is a coastal town, which is included in almost every tour guide and is visited by
most tourists who come to Chile. In this city there are many colonial houses with structure that
runs along the coastline.
CHAPTER III
COVER

A. Conclusion

America is a continent in the world that refers to the area of land between the Pacific Ocean and
the Atlantic Ocean. This continent generally has a part. The term also refers to the United States,
Colombia, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, Brazil.

B. Suggestions

By studying the American continent we will better understand the situation of these countries. In
addition we also know that the American continent is many parts of the northern region.
Information on the American continent will be easier for us to learn flag, culture, language, tribe
and tourist sites ..
BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.wikiwand.com/id/Bendera_Kolombia

http://www.tugassekolah.com/2016/02/profil-negara-amerika-serikat-keadaan-alam-budaya-
perekonomian-penduduk-dan-bentuk-pemerintahan.html

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Chili

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Uruguay

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Paraguay

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Peru

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Kolombia

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Brazil

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Meksiko

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Argentina

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Kanada

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendera_Amerika Serikat

http://ferryaod.blogspot.co.id/2013/10/makalah-benua-amerika_6.html
FOREWORD

Thank God we pray to Allah SWT, which has bestowed His Mercy and Grace, so that we can
complete the task subjects in English, to discuss '' the Americas '', in the form of papers.
In the preparation of this task, not a few obstacles we faced. However we realize that fluency in
the preparation of this material is not another thanks to the help, encouragement, and guidance of
parents and teachers so that the obstacles faced writers can be resolved. Therefore, the authors
would like to thank:

1. Mother teachers of English, which has given the task, the instructions to the authors, so
the author motivated to accomplish this task.
2. Parents who have helped guide and overcome many difficulties, so this job is completed.

Hopefully, this material can be useful and be contributions to those in need, especially for
writers, so that the desired objectives can be achieved. Amiiin.

Coal, November 2016

Composer

Group
TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD ....................................................................................................................... i

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................... ii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................ 1

A. Problem formulation ................................................................................................. 1


B. Purpose paper ............................................................................................................ 1
C. Benefits of writing papers ......................................................................................... 1

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION .............................................................................................. 2

1. AMERIKA SERIKAT ............................................................................................. 2


2. KANADA ............................................................................................................... 3
3. MEKSIKO .............................................................................................................. 4
4. ARGENTINA ........................................................................................................ 6
5. BRAZIL .................................................................................................................. 7
6. KOLOMBIA .......................................................................................................... 8
7. PARAGUAY .......................................................................................................... 9
8. PERU ...................................................................................................................... 10
9. URUGUAY ............................................................................................................. 11
10. CHILE .................................................................................................................... 12

CHAPTER III CLOSING .................................................................................................. 14

A. Conclusion ................................................................................................................ 14
B. Suggestione ............................................................................................................... 14

BIBLIOGRAPHY