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GEOTECHNICAL REPORT

PESCADERO MARSH
PESCADERO STATE BEACH
PESCADERO, CALIFORNIA
For
OFFICE OF THE STATE ARCHITECT

August 29, 1988 Job No. 1251.005


August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251. 005

Office of the state Architect


P. O. Box 1079
Sacramento, California 95812

Attention: Mr. Faizi Pourhosseini


Senior civil Engineer

subject: Pescadero Marsh


Pescadero State Beach
Pescadero, California

Gentlemen:

Attached is our geotechnical report for Pescadero Marsh. The


report has been prepared pursuant to your authorization through
Agreement No. SA 6392, Work Order PSP 520, dated May 24, 1988;
and Amendment No.1, issued July 1, 1988, to that work order.

The report contains the results of our geologic reconnaissance


and field exploration as .well as laboratory tests; and
conclusions pertaining soil compressibility and compaction
properties as well as the age.and sedimentation characteristics
of the marsh.

We have concluded that Pescadero Marsh is about 10,200 years old,


and that sedimentation rates have been altered most significantly
by land reclamation for agricultural purposes along its margins,
which are delineated on the Geologic Reconnaissance Map that we
have prepared for this project. In addition, it appears that the
maximum depth to bedrock near the mouth of Pescadero Creek is
approximately 70 feet.

Thank you for this opportunity to be of service. If you have any


questions pertaining to the report, or if we may be of assistance
to you in any other regard on this project, please do not
hesitate to contact us.

Respectfully submitted,

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS

f~c. ~.~
Paul C. Weidig
Principal Geotechnical Engineer

PCW:pcw/cgm/23\2386-CL

SOIL ENGINEERS ENGINEERING GEOLOGISTS 4456 BLACK AVENUE PLEASANTON, CA 94566 (415) 484-0220
TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Purpose . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
1
Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Nature of Project
. . . . . . . . . . .. .. ..
1
1
FINDINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . 2
Site Description
Geologic Character
. . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
. . . .
Regional Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Local Setting
. . . . . 3
Earth Materials . . . . . . 3
General . . . . . . . . . . .
. . 3
Artificial Fill . . . . . 3
Landslides
. . . . . . . 4
Fan Deposits . . . . . . . . 4//
Basin Deposits . . . . . . . . . . ~
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Marsh Deposits . 4
5
TABLE 1 . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Dune Sand Deposits . . . . . . .. ....
,6
Younger (Outer) Alluvial Fan Deposits . . . . . .
Marine Terrace Deposits . . . . . . . . . 6
6
Purisima Formation (Tahana Member) . . . . .
Ground Water . 6
6
CONCLUSIONS . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 7
Chronostratigraphy . . . .
. . . . . . . . 7
Dating Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0

Historic Deposits
. . . . . . .
7
7
Holocene Deposits
. . . . . . 7
TABLE 2 . . . . . . . . . .
Pleistocene Deposits . . . . .. . . . . . .
TABLE 3 . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
Bedrock Surface . .
. . . . . . . . 9
Levee Construction
Subsidence
. . . . . . . . . . . .
9
9
. . . 9
TABLE 4 . . . . . .
10
Compaction Characteristics .
. . . . 10
TABLE 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Continued)

LIMITATIONS . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

ATTACHMENTS: References
Plate 1 - Vicinity Map
Plate 2 - Area Geologic Map
Plate 3 - Regional Fault and Seismicity Map
Plate 4 - Geologic Reconnaissance Map
Plates 5 through 27 - Boring Logs
Plate 28 - Unified Soil Classification system/
Key to Boring Log Symbols
Plates 29 through 31 - Soil Auger Boring Logs
Plate 32 - Summary of Moisture Content and
Dry unit Weight Data
Plates 33 through 36 - Consolidation Test Data
Plates 37 and 38 - Compaction Test Data
Appendix A - Results of Radiocarbon Dating
Appendix B - Results of palynological
Examination

RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


GEOTECHNICAL REPORT

PESCADERO MARSH

PESCADERO STATE BEACH

PESCADERO, CALIFORNIA

For

OFFICE OF THE STATE ARCHITECT

INTRODUCTION
Purpose

A geotechnical investigation has been completed at Pescadero


Marsh near Pescadero, California. The purposes of this
investigation have been to provide an assessment of geologic
conditions at the site and to present conclusions regarding marsh
chronostratigraphy, estimated depth to bedro~k, soil
compressibility and compaction characteristics.
Scope

Our scope of services consisted of a review of pertinent geologic


maps and literature; examination of stereopaired aerial
photographs; a geologic reconnaissance by members of our
professional staff; the drilling of nine test borings to a
maximum depth of about 76~ feet below the surface of the marsh;
the completion of 26 hand-augered borings along selected soil
transects; laboratory testing to evaluate the engineering
properties of the marsh soils; radiocarbon dating ~nd
palynological examinations to evaluate the age of the marsh;
engineering analyses; geologic interpretation; the preparation of
this report.

Our findings pertaining to site, soil, geologic and ground water


conditions are presented herein, together with our conclusions
concerning depth to marsh chronostratigraphy and depth to bedrock
as well as soil compressibility and compaction characteristics.
References consulted during the course of this investigation are
listed following the text.
Nature of Project

We understand that the goal of the project is to restore the


marsh to its natural condition. The marsh perimeters have been
ecologically compromised by the conversion of paludal habitat to
agricultural use. In addition, alteration of the original
hydrology and sedimentation character of the marsh because of
human encroachment has changed the pattern of wildlife at the
interior of the marsh.
Page 2
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

No specific plans have been generated at this time; however, part


of the reclamation effort is expected to involve the removal of
selected existing levees and construction of new levees in order
to retrain the watershed.

FINDINGS
site Description

The marsh is located on the east side of state Highway 1,


immediately north of Pescadero Road. The study area extends
about 1 mile north of Pescadero Road and about 1 mile east of the
highway. The site is shown in relation to surrounding landmarks
on the Vicinity Map, Plate 1.

The marsh is situated in a northwest-trending valley about 2500


to 3000 feet wide. It i$ bordered by a marine terrace to the
southwest, sand dunes and beach front to the northwest,
mountainous terrain to the northeast, and an almost flat alluvial
valley to the southeast. Two hills rise near the southeast
margin of the marsh. Pescadero and Butano Creeks flow through
the marsh and join about 1800 feet east of their coastal
discharge point.

Cultural impacts on the marsh include numerous manmade levees and


sloughs. It is our understanding that the levees were
constructed over a period of time from the early 1900's until
around 1970, to make use of the marsh for agriculture.
Lineations, still visible in aerial photographs, mark rows
previously planted with artichokes.

Most of the marsh lies between sea level and elevation +6 feet
(U.S.G.S. datum), but ground surface within confines of the study
area range from sea level, along the coast, to about elevation
+388 feet, at the summit of the ridge to the northeast of the
marsh.

Tall, dense stands of aquatic grass and reeds noted within the
study area are of geotechnical importance. Native grasses in the
adjacent low-lying areas generally were observed to be shorter
and less dense. Slopes adjacent to the marsh are covered with
volunteer grasses, weeds and brush. A large stand of eucalyptus
trees exists along the northeast margin of the marsh. (A detailed
botanical inventory of indigenous and introduced marsh vegetation
is being undertaken by the Department of Parks and Recreation.)
Page 3
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

Geologic Character

Regional Setting - Pescadero Marsh is located within the Coast


Ranges geomorphic province, which includes the Santa Cruz
Mountains. Most of the mountain chain lies on a part of the
Pacific tectonic plate known as the Salinian Block to the west of
the San Andreas Fault Zone. The Salinian Block is underlain by
granitic basement rocks as opposed to metasedimentary and
volcanic rocks which underlie the Franciscan Block to the east of
the San Andreas Fault. The Sal'inianBlock is itself transected
by several high-angle faults including the Butano Fault, the
Zayante Fault and the San Gregorio Fault. A predominantly
northwesterly trend is evident along faults and fold axes in the
region.

Regional geologic features are shown on the Area Geologic Map,


Plate 2. The relationship of the site to known active faults and
historic earthquake epicenters is depicted on the Regional Fault
and Seismicity Map, Plate 3.

Local Setting - The study area is indicated to be underlain by


marine sediments and beach deposits near the coast; intertidal
deposits within boundaries of the marsh; and continental deposits
throughout the uplands to the east. All of the geologic units
are relatively young and either unconsolidated or only
incipiently lithified.

The site does not lie within a currently- designated State of


California "Special Studies Zone" for active faults (State of
California, 1982); however, Weber and Lajoie (1980) maintain
that, in essence, Pescadero Marsh is a sag pond complex that has
developed in response to recent fault activity. They indicate
that discontinuities in marine terraces at the mouth of Pescadero
Creek suggest the presence of a major fault underlying the
Pescadero Marsh. Weber and Lajoie also have mapped three,
northeast-dipping thrust faults just north of the study area; one
of these faults continues through the study area, as show on the
Geologic Reconnaissance Map, Plate 4.
Earth Materials

General - The logs of the drilled test borings referred to in the


following discussions are presented on Plates 5 through 27. An
explanation of the symbols and classification system used on the
logs of the deeper borings is contained on Plate 28. The logs of
the soil auger borings referred to below are tabulated on Plates
29 through 31. The results of the laboratory moisture content
and dry unit weight tests are listed on Plate 32, and are also
posted on the applicable boring logs.

RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Page 4
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

Artificial Fill Artificial fill is material that has been


;;electively borrowed and placed. Areas of artificial fill are
designated by the symbol "Qaf" on the Geologic Reconnaissance
Map. Portions of Highway 1 and Pescadero Road appear to have
been built on artificial fill. As previously mentioned, the
study area contains numerous manmade levees which are mapped as
fill.

'rhe fills appear to consist of material derived from both the


marsh area and from outside sources. Fill was encountered in
Boring B-5, from ground surface to a depth of approximately 3
feet, and was found to consist of loose, light brown, fine sand
with some silt and clay.

Landslides - Several landslide areas were mapped on slopes along


the northeast margin of the marsh. They are delineated by the
sYmbol "Qls" as well as arrows indicating sense of movement on
the Geologic Reconnaissance Map. These landslides appear to be
predominant~y earthflows or debris flows.

Fan Deposits - Fan deposits, marked by the symbol IIQfll on the


Geologic Reconnaissance Map,exist at the mouths of major
drainage courses entering the marsh from the northeast and
southwest. As the name implies, these deposits are typified by
distinctive fan shape and a steeper profile than the subjacent
basin and marsh deposits.

Fan deposits were encountered Auger Borings S-l and S-2. These
materials consist of recently-deposited alluvium (sediments
transported and deposited by flowing water), including loose to
medium-dense, gray-brown, clayey to silty, fine to coarse sand
and gravel. Upslope portions of the fan deposits appear to
overlie bedrock, while the downslope portions appear to rest upon
marsh deposits.

Basin Deposits These sediments are essentially horizontally


stratified, very young alluvial materials, chiefly overlying
marsh deposits. They are designated by the symbol IIQbII on the
Geologic Reconnaissance Map.

Basin deposits, as encountered in Borings B-2, B-3, B-4 and in


many of the auger borings, are indicated to consist of loose,
brown, clayey silt and sand, and soft to medium-stiff silty clay
with finely disseminated organic matter. The thickness of the
basin deposits is indicated to increase from nil at their contact
with the marsh deposits, up to about 6 feet at their contact with
the inland formations.

RLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Page 5
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

Marsh Deposits - Marsh deposits, shown by the designation "Qm" on


the Geologic Reconnaissance Map, consist of typically very soft,
gray and blue-gray organic to silty clay and very loose, fine to
medium sand with abundant organic matter, including discrete
layers of peat. The marsh deposits appear to grade sandier
toward the coastal dune deposits (discussed below) .

Boring data indicate that the marsh deposits are up to 70 feet


thick, although the thickness of these deposits in most areas
probably does not exceed 40 feet. The marsh deposits appear to
overlie alluvium and (as discussed below) marine terrace deposits
or bedrock.
A series of radiocarbon (C14) dates were obtained to assess the
age of the marsh and correlative paleosedimentation rates.
Samples for dating were selected from Boring B-8, because of its
central location and the comparatively high organic content of
the materials encountered. The sample depths and .aqe
determinations are summarized as follow:

TABLE 1
Radiocarbon CC14) Ages

Depth Interval Radiocarbon Aqe


(ft) (yrs b. p.)
6.0 - 6.5 3,200 140
25.5 - 26.5 6,460 170
40.0- 41.0 8,300 140
65.0 - 66.0 10,000 400

The results of the radiocarbon dating tests are also reported in


Appendix A, along with details related to sample preparation and
test methods.
Palynological examinations were undertaken on seven samples of
marsh deposits, primarily to establish the European botanical
horizon, representing the time at which exotic grasses and trees
were introduced to the marsh area. The results of these analyses
indicate pollen grains and other floral dispersants in only two
of the samples.

The results of the palynological analyses as well as a


description of the sample preparation and examination techniques
used for this study are presented in Appendix B.

fJERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Pag
AUgUl0;t
Job No,

Dune Sand Deposits - Dune sand deposits were mapped (11


Pacific coast and extending inland at the mouth of
Creek. They are indicated by the designation "QslI
Geologic Reconnaissance Map, and comprise loose, fine to
well-rounded sands transported by wind. Some of dunes appear
overlie the seaward margin of the marsh.

Younqer (Outer) Alluvial Fan Deposits Younger alluvial fans


have been recently deposited by Pescadero and Butano Creeks, and
were mapped upstream of the marsh. They bear the symbol IIQyfoll
on the Geologic Reconnaissance Map.

Younger alluvial fan deposits, as encountered in Boring B-1 and


in Auger Boring S-25, consist of unconsolidated silt as well as
loose, fine to coarse sand and gravel. The alluvium appears to
have been deposited contemporaneously with the marsh deposits and
intertongues with the landward margin of the marsh.

Marine Terrace Deposits - Marine terrace deposits, shown by the


symbol IIQmt" on the Geologic Reconnaissance Map, underlie the
highlands to the southwest of the marsh. These materials form
emergent coastal terraces of Pleistocene age (between 11,000 and
1.6 million years old), deposited on a waye cut platform ranging
in age from Cretaceous to Miocene (135 million to 2.5 million
years old). The marirte terrace deposits consist predominantly of
sand and gravel and vary from un indurated to poorly indurated.

Purisima Formation (Tahana Member) - The Tahana Member of the


Purisima Formation, designated by the symbol "Tptll on the
Geologic Reconnaissance Map, is a sequence of marine sedimentary
rocks of upper Miocene and Pliocene age (between 1.6 and 11
million years old). It underlies mountainous terrain to the
northeast of the marsh and predominantly consists of sandstone,
siltstone and claystone but also contains some tuffaceous
partings as well as beds of conglomerates. The coherence of the
formation varies from poorly to well indurated.

Ground Water

Free ground water was encountered at shallow depth in all of the


exploratory borings. The elevation of the ground water table
appears to vary with subsurface intrusions of sea water;
hydraulic changes in Butano and Pescadero Creeks; the effects of
local irrigation practice; and, to some degree, tidal influences.
Page 7
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

CONCLUSIONS

Chronostratigraphy

Dating Techniques - Only two of the seven samples selected for


palynological analyses contained pollen grains in sufficient
quantity to permit a realistic evaluation of floral taxa. In our
opinion, a more extensive palynological study, while it could
provide valuable data, would also require examination of a large
number of samples, a fairly costly undertaking.

By contrast, radiocarbon dating of all four submitted samples was


successful. The carbon content of these samples, selected on the
basis of visual classification, was adequate to permit isotopic
dating to an accuracy of at least 4.4 percent.
Historic Deposits - From the palynological analyses, the ages of
the pollen samples recovered from depths of 1 foot and 3~ feet in
Boring B-6 are interpreted as prehistoric, i.e., older than 1800
A.D. On this basis, the European botanical horizon can be
inferred as somewhere above a depth of 12 inches from the surface
of the marsh. This conclusion is based on limited data and
partly negative evidence. In addition, the palynological
analyses yielded only limited evidence of marsh transgression,
consisting of landward migration of the marsh in response to
rising sea levels.
Soil transects through the contacts between marsh and basin
deposits indicate that the basin deposits have encroached into
the marsh area. Therefore, the European botanical horizon
probably is below a depth of 12 inches within the area mapped as
underlain by basin deposits. Rates of deposition within historic
time appear to have been radically altered by adjoining levee
construction. Sedimentation rates within historic times have
probably decreased within the areas mapped as underlain by marsh
deposits, but have probably increased in areas underlain by basin
deposits.
Holocene Deposits Extrapolation of the radiocarbon dates
summarized in Table 1 indicates that the marsh deposits are as
old as approximately 10,200 years b.p., which roughly corresponds
to the onset of the Holocene epoch of geologic time.
Sedimentation rates were also calculated from the radiocarbon
data, and are listed below:
Page 8
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251. 005

TABLE 2

Sedimentation Rates

Depth Interval Sedimentation Rate


(ft) (yrsjft)

6.0 - 6.5 492


25.5 - 26.5 163
40.0 - 41.0 127
65.0 - 66.0 71

Factors generally affecting sedimentation rates include regional


uplift, changes in sea level and climatic cycles, as well as
stream hydraulics. A decrease in depo~itional rates within the
marsh is consistent with sea level and climatic changes that have
taken place in Holocene time. Rainfall 11,000 years b.p. (at the
end of the Wisconsin ice age) is believed to have been at least
40 percent greater than at present along the Northern California
coast. Wet climatic conditions probably continued until about
6800 years b.p., followed by a gradual aridification trend until
present. In general, decreasing amounts of rainfall can be
expected to result in slower sediment source area erosion rates,
and, therefore, slower sedimentation rates. "

Sea level apparently rose about 300 feet between 11,000 and 6800
years b. p., a situation that prompted a rise in stream base
level. This condition encourages lower erosion rates, but rapid
deposition within coastal embayments.

Another possible factor affecting sedimentation rates, at least


indirectly, may be the littoral migration pattern of the sand bar
at and near the mouth of Pescadero Creek.

Pleistocene Deposits - Five marine terraces are evident adjacent


to Pescadero Marsh. These terraces are indicative of the
regional uplift of the Coast Ranges during the Pleistocene epoch,
from 11,000 to 2 million years b. p . Numerous studies of the
marine terraces in San Mateo County have yielded the following
ages:

RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Page 9
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

TABLE 3

Marine Terrace Ages

Terrace Approximate
No. Elevation Estimated Age
(ft) (yrs b. p. )

1 + 80 160,000
2 + 160 260,000
3 + 200 450,000
4 + 440 700,000
5 + 600 1,200,000

The effects of regional uplift on marsh sedimentation rates are


difficul t to assess. Since the youngest terrace is very much
older than the oldest marsh deposits, regional uplift rates
during Holocene time can be only broadly estimated on the basis
of terrace ages. In theory, if rates of regional uplift have
decreased since the end of the Pleistocene epoch, a decrease in
upland erosion and marsh sedimentation rates would result.

As mentioned previously, Pescadero Marsh is transected by the


Frij oles Fault Zone. During Pleistocene time, erosion of the
sheared rocks within the fault zone occurred more rapidly than
the surrounding areas, creating the present geomorphic character
of the Pescadero-Butano Creek drainage system.

Bedrock Surface

The depth to bedrock at the mouth of the confluence of Pescadero


and Butano Creeks is estimated to vary from about 40 feet near
the creek banks to approximately 70 feet near the thread of the
channel.

Levee Construction

Subsidence A series of timed, unidimensional consolidation


tests was conducted in our laboratory to aid the designers of the
proposed training levees in evaluating the anticipated magnitude
and dissipation of settlements induced by the surcharge loads
that will be induced by the proposed embankments.

We computed coefficients of compression (Cd' rebound (Cr) and


settlement rate (Cv)' These values are tabulated below, in a
format corresponding to the respective borings and depth
intervals from which the samples were obtained:
Page 10
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

TABLE 4

Consolidation Parameters

Boring Load Coefficients of Consolidation


No. Depth Increment ~c ~r ~v
(ft) (psf)

36.0 1000 0.173 0.058 0.107


B-1
2000 0.069
-----------------------_._-------------------------------
6.0 250 0.092 0.007 0.018
B-2
500 0.011
1000 0.277

16.0 500 0.123 0.018 0.034


1000 0.030
2000. 0.036

26.0 1000 0.143 0.016 0.129


2000 0.203
--------------------------------------------------------
6.0 250 0.159 0.033 0.011
B-3
500 0.018
1000 0.011

21.0 1000 0.145 0.014 0.144


2000 0.162
--------------------------------------------------------
6.0 125 0.157 0.023 0.164
B-4
250 .- 0.052
500 0.040
1000 0.023
16.0 500 0.183 0.108 0.042
1000 0.042
2000 0.048

31.0 1000 0.120 0.016 0.062


2000 0.109

2000 0.153 0.042 0.056


46.0
4000 0.033

Further consolidation test data are presented on Plates 33


through 36.

Compaction Characteristics Laboratory test results indicate


that the maximum dry densities attainable for the marsh soils in
the vicinity of the proposed training levees are comparatively
low, and that the optimum moisture contents are rather high.

fUiRlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Page 11
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251. 005

These results are summarized as follow:

TABLE 5

compaction Characteristics

Maximum optimum
Boring Depth Soil Dry Moisture
No. Interval Description Density Content
(ft) (pcf) (%)
B-1 1-2 Silty clay 112 14.7

B-2 0-4 Silty clay 110 13.5

B-3 0-4 Organic clay 103 18.0

The dry unit weight-moisture content relationships of these soils


are illustrated on Plates 37 and 38.

[lERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Page 12
August 29, 1988
Job No. 1251.005

LIMITATIONS

Our investigation is based on a review of geologic maps and


literature, an examination of aerial photographs, a geologic
reconnaissance, subsurface exploration, the results of the
laboratory testing program, and professional judgment. The data
accumulated are believed to be generally representative of the
total area; however, soil and geologic conditions may vary in
character between points of examination. The conclusions
contained herein are professional opinions derived in accordance
with current standards of engineering geologic and soil
engineering practices; no other warranty is expressed or implied.

Evaluation of the site with regard to the presence of toxic or


hazardous materials was not within our scope of services.

Respectfully submitted,

.~
Raymond P. Skinner
Project Geologist
CEG 1239

RPS/PCW:pcw/cgm/23\2386

Attachments: References
Plate 1 - Vicinity Map
Plate 2 - Area Geologic Map
Plate 3 - Regional Fault and Seismicity Map
Plate 4 - Geologic Reconnaissance Map
Plates 5 through 27 - Boring Logs
Plate 28 - Unified Soil Classification System/
Key to Boring Log Symbols
Plates 29 through 31 - Soil Auger Boring Logs
Plate 32 - Summary of Moisture Content and
Dry unit Weight Data
Plates 33 through 36 - Consolidation Test Data
Plates 37 and 38 - compaction Test Data
Appendix A - Results of Radiocarbon Dating
Appendix B - Results of Palynological
Examination

Copies: Addressee: (10)

RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


-,--~-----------------.----.--.-----.

REFERENCES

1. Brabb, Earle E., 1980, "Preliminary Geologic Map of the La


Honda and San Gregorio Quadrangles" (scale: 1:24000).

2. State of California Department of Navigation and Ocean


Development, 1977, "Assessment and Atlas of Shoreline
Erosion along the California Coast."

3. united States Geological Survey, 1972, "Progress Report of


the U.S.G.S. Quaternary Studies in the San Francisco Bay
Area", in "Guidebook for Friends of the Pleistocene."

4. united States Geological Survey, "Topographic Map of the San


Gregorio Quadrangle, California" (scale: 1" = 2000'),
photorevised 1968.

5. Weber, G. E., Lajoie, C. E., et. al., 1979, "Coastal Tectonics


and Coastal Hazards in Santa Cruz and San Mateo Counties,
Californiai" paper presented at the 75th Annual Cordilleran
section Meeting of the Geological Society of America.

RLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


48

54

o 18

t o

(
]]

CALE: 1"=2000 I

VICINITY MAP
PESCADERO MARSH
SAN MATEO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
FOR
STATE OF CALIFORNIA
OFFICE OF THE STATE ARCHITECT

(lASE:
PORTION OF U.s.G.S. 71 MINUTE
(OrOGRAPHIC QUADRANGLE, SAN
DREGORIO, CALIFORNIA, PHOTO-
!\IN ISED 1968, AT A SCALE OF
1;2~,OOO

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


PLATE 1
STUDY
AREA

AREA GlEOL())GIC MAP


PESCADERO MARSH
SAN MATEO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
FOR
STATE OF CALIFORNIA
ON OF PRELIMINARY GEOLOGIC OFFICE OF THE STATE ARCHITECT
OF THE LA HONDA AND SAN
QUADRANGLES, BY EARL E.
, DATED 1980, AT A SCALE OF
! Zll ,000

PLATE 2
BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
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o LAKE l. COLUSA YUBA NEVADA
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'"-, -"'~r ,~=:""~
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MENDOCINO
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"
I
'.0
~~,j
'\
!I
\,.'-~.!?
. I
OCT. 24. 1955 1045.4
"'> I
'---f /' ,
I'
'
\ /-., .r-.~./
,/

) ! -.~
./
JAN. 24,1980 M-5.8
JAN. 24, 1980 Mx5.1
JAN. 27, 1980 M5.4

JUNE 10, 1835 MHO.5 ----------f-':.,....,.::::...."

MAY TOJULY31,1970

~~~~~~~EAS~~R~~;.:~ 4.3 ---\'~lsl'Ir


APRIL 18, 1906 M8.2 -----------

JULY 3, 1861 M.]t0.5----------

JUNE 1938 M'HO.5 -';;'':-'ihc_-tt

OCT.21,lB68 M"7O.5 ------------

OCT. B, 1865 M>6.5iO.5 --------------------~4ll-""-~~::

JULY 1,1911 M6.6 ---------------------~~~]~~~~~~;::.::~:~~~

MAR. 31, 1986 M5.7 ------------

APR. 24, 1984 M6.2 -----------;==- __-,


AUG.S, 1979 M.5.9----------~=====:-

OCT.22,1926 M>7.0---------- .

OCT. 22.1926 M.6.1---------- _ ____=__ -----. o

EXPLANATION

0 MAGNITUDE 4.0-4.9 EPICENTER


-,
Q MAGNITUDE 5.0-5.9 EPICENTER
'.~


MAGNITUDE

MAGNITUDE
6.0-6.9

7.0-7.9
EPICENTER

EPICENTER
o MONTEREY

MAGNITUDE ~ B.O EPICENTER

CO V,) MAXIMUM CREDI8LE MAGNITUDES MODIFIED FROM


GREENSFELDER 119741

--7 .. FAULT, DASHED WHERE APPROXIMATE, aUERIED WHERE


UNCERTAIN, DOTTED WHERE CONCEALED

10 10 20 )0 40 50 MILES
61
===:1::===1::' ===:1:'===='=' ===!:I ===1' \
\:\

FAULT LOCATIONS MODIFIED FROM JENNINGS 119751. HERO AND HELLEY 119771 AND

PAMPEYAN (1979), SELECTED EPICENTERS OF EARTHQUAKES 1900 THROUGH 1974 FROM

REAL AND OTHERS (1978), FROM 1975 THROUGH 1979 FROM TOPPQZADA AND OTHERS

119791, FROM 1979 THROUGH 1962 FROM SHERBOURNE AND OTHERS 119851, FROM 19B2

THROUGH 1986 VER8AL COMMUNICATION FROM U.C. BERKELEY SEISMOLOGICAL

STATION. MAXIMUM CREDIBLE MAGNITUDES MODIFIED FROM GREENSFELDER (1974),

WESSON AND OTHERS (19751, AND ASSOCIATIONS OF BAY AREA GOVERNMENTS (19801.

REGIONAL FAULT AND SEISMICITY MAP


l!ERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS PLATE 3
BORING LOG B-1

,JOB NUMBER: _1_2_5_1._0_0_5 _ June 1, 1988


DATE DRILLED:
JOB NAM E: __ P_e_s_c_a_d_e
__r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ SURFACE ELEVATION: + 9.0 feet

OR ILL RIG: _-.:::.s.:::,.o DATUM:


d=---=F~l:...:i;..>;g!.:..:h-.:ct-=.:..A~ug!2..e_r
.:::..h=:..; _ _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN


2.5" LD. Split Barrel 140 30

(f) .
w'* !::I- Z .Z
cr:1-
~tL ::::>z
I-w
ZI...:
::::>CJ . II- (f)C7)0
Ocr: (f)1- -
>-wci.
{) I- w
o...W
()(f)-
(f)::l~ DESCRIPTION
-'w wu..
(Do... 0-Z ~ ::::>()5:2
0
::;,;;() 0 u,

SM SILTY SAND, brown, moist, medium dense, trace


organ~c mat ter and fine gravel
7 21.6 84
CH SILTY SAND CLAY, mottled gray and red-brown, moist,
soft, trace black organic spots and fine rootlets,
f- high plasticity

OH SILTY CLAY, dark gray, wet, soft to medium stiff,


5- high plasticity

15 34.4 82

f-

f- SC CLAYEY FINE SAND, mottled red-brown and blue-gray,


saturated, loose trace silt
f-

lO-
7 31.5 90

,... /'f----------------------
/' CLAYEY FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, trace
~V~C silt, some organic matter, medium dense

15-
14 31.1 90

becomes less clayey and dense


.....---1----------- -
f-VS;:; SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, medium dense with
some organic matter and some silt and clay

20-~
9 32.7 89
__ L-__--:-----------------'
BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
B-1
BORING LOG
JOB NUMBE R: _1_2_5_1_.0_0_5 _ SHEET:_2 _ OF:_3 _

JOB NAM E: __ P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ DEPTH: 20 feet TO 40 feet

NOTES:

wcf.. t::1-
(/) . 0:1- Z ,Z
$:tL :::>z ZI II- (/)050
I-w :::>~-:
_ 0 I- W O(/)i= DESCRIPTION
00:
-Iw (/)1- r W . o..W (/)
:::>-10
roo.. (5Z O:$:D. wLL 0-
2
0
0 0 LL

20 SW SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, medium dense with


9 32.7 89 some organic matter and some of silt and clay

f-

-
25 .:..

21 24.6 99

f- GW GRAVELLY SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, medium


~~ dense, fine gravel with some clay and silt
_// ~ll-rounded .
OL ------------------------.-
ORGANIC SANDY, SILTY CLAY, dark blue~gray, wet,
- medium stiff, low plasticity

30 -
29 39.6 81
SC SILTY CLAYEY; ORGANIC SAND, dark blue-gray, wet,
medium dense

- /-----------------------------
~ ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, dark blue-gray with white
- // specks, wet stiff, high plasticity, with trace of
OR sand

12 44.6 77

23 30.5 91

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


40 1 '--_--t. ---1
BORING LOG _B-_1_

,.JOB NU M B E R: __ 1_2,-5
_1.'-0---'-0-=-5 _ SHEET:_3 __

,'OB NAME: Pescadero Marsh DEPTH: 40 feet TO 56-1/2 feet

NOTES:

w'if-
(f)"': cr:f-
t:f- z ,Z
::Jz ZI . If- (f)(i50
::;LL
f-W ::::J(9'<-:
_ 0 f-W O(f)f= DESCRIPTION
Ocr: (f)f- >- W . o..W (f)<{<{
...Jw ::::J...J0
(Do.. -Z cr:::;D. wLL 0- LL
00 0 0
20

40 OH ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, dark blue-gray with white


specks, wet, stiff, high plasticity, trace of sand
23 30.5 91 Becomes sandier
SC
CLAYEY SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, medium dense,
~~ trace of silt and some organics
- OH <,

1-------------------
ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, dark blue-gray, wet, medium
I--
stiff, high plasticity
45-

19 33.3 87

I--

I--

50-I--

-
-

l-

/"--------------------
I-- ~ CLAYEY SAND GRAVEL, light yellow-brown, wet,
~ GC medium dense, fine gravel, fine and course-grained
55- sand, with trace organic matter, subrounded

32.9 102
.....
l- Boring terminated at 56-1/2 feet

I--

I--

60_-

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


BORING lOG B-2

,JOB NUMBE R: _1:...:;;2;.;;:.5...:.,.1


,:..:.
0~0~5 _ DATE DRILLED: June 1 , 1988

JOB NAM E: __ P_e_s:..;c:..;a:..;d....;e:..;r:..;o:;.....;;M..;;a;;;.:r:;..;s:;..;h"'--


_ SURFACE ELEVATION: + 11.0 feet

DR ILL RIG: __ S_o_l_i_d_F_I....;i


g"'-h_t_A_u....::g"-e_r _ DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN

.5" I.D. Split Barrel 140 30

wcf?
(fJ . a: .. t:: . z ,Z
?;tL :;:)z Z I
:;:)0'""'
. I'" (fJ(j)0
Oa: "'W _ u ..w 0(fJ-
DESCRIPTION
.....Jw (fJf- >- w . e..w (fJ5~
(])e.. -Z a:?;Q. wu. :;:)0 9
00 0 u,
:!o 0

CLI SILTY CLAY, dark brown, moist, stiff, medium


CH plasticity, porous, some organ~c matter and sand
10 22.8 79

l-

I-/ SILTY SANDY CLAY, dark brown, wet, soft, high


CH plasticity, some organic matter and fine rootlets
5-
!+ 36.6 85 5L
/------------_._---------------
-~ /
SITLY CLAY, mottled dark blue~gray and red-brown,
CH wet, stiff, some sand, porous, some organ~c matter,
- low plasticity
-

10-
10 29.3 93
/~-------------------
~/ ORGANIC SITLY CLAY, dark blue-gray, wet, medium .
I- OH stiff, high plasticity with trace sand
r-

I-

15-
10 50.6 71

l-

I-

I-

20-
12 40.8 79

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


1
~~~-----------------.-~-.---.----.----.--

B-2
BORING LOG
JOB N U M BER: ---:..:1 2=-::5,--,1...:..
..::..00:::...:5'-- _ SH E ET: _-=-2 __ OF:_3 _
JOB NAME: _P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ DEPTH: 20 feet TO 40 feet

NOTES:

wcf2 !::~ Z ,Z
Cf) . o:~ Z I .
5tL ::::>z ::::>0-: I~ Cf)(jjO
00: ~w ~W OCf)i= DESCRIPTION
--1w Cf)~ >- -W0. O.
0:
o...W
wu.. Cf)<:{<:{
::::>--10
OJ 0... (5z 5 0- u,
::;;:0 0 0
0
20 ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, dark blue-gray, wet, medium
OH
12 40.8 79 stiff, high plasticity with trace sand

f-

f-

I-

25
9 48.7 72

-
l-

i-

30 _ OH Becomes higher ~n organ~c content

11 51.6 68

f-

f-

f-

35 - SANDY CLAY, dark blue-gray, wet, stiff, low


~
21 21.1 104 plasticity, trace of silt, little to some
organ~c matter, trace of fine gravel
i-
~- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --_.- -.-.- -'- _._--- -- -_.-
,/ CLAYEY SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, dense to very
'-//
SC dense, slightly cemented
l-

SO/ 22.4 101 40


5"
~
BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
PLATE 9
B-2
BORING LOG
JOB N U M B E R: _-'-1-"-'25=--1:.....:.-=.0...::...0-=-5_ SHEET: 3 OF: __ ~3 _
JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh
DEPTH :, 40 feet_ TO 45-1/2 feet

NOTES:

wrf!.
(I) . 0:1- t:1- Z ,Z
3';tL ~z Z I
~(').....,
. II- (I)(jjO
I-w O(l)j::
00: (1)1- _ <.J
I-W DESCRIPTION
....Jw >- W . e..w (I)~~
~....JO
Ille.. 0-Z 0:3';D. wLL
0-LL
0
2:0 0 0

50/ 22.4 101 40 SC CLAYEY SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, dense to very
5" dense, slightly cemented
~

I-

'-
I--

-
50/ 25.2 94 45 Becomes denser and dark green-gray
lu"
I-- Boring terminated at 45-1/2 feet

I--

l-

I-

SO- l-

l-

I-

l-

I-

- I-
~

l-

I-

I--

I-

BERlOCAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


B-3
BORING LOG
,108 NUMBER: ..:.1~25~1:...:.
...:;:.0.:;..;05~
_ DATE DRILLED: June 2, 1988

,J08 NAME: _....::...P.::;;e.::;;s.::;;c.::;;a.:::.d.::;;e.:;;.r..:;;.o_M:.;;.:::.a.:;;.r..:;;.s.:.,:.h


_ SURFACE ELEVATION:~ 5.5 feet

[)R ILL RIG: __ S_o_l_i_d_F_l_ig:=:..h_t_A_u~g::.....e_r _ DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN


2.5" I. D. Split Barrel 140 30

w;f!.
I()~
'!i:LL
0:..-
:::Jz
'=..-
Z I .
Z
I"-
,Z
(I)(j)O
"-w :::J<.?-: ..-w ()(I)-
00:
.-lw
(1)..- >-wu e..w (1):5"-
:::J <l:
DESCRIPTION
OJe.. (5z 0::;Q. wu..
()~
~oo a a u,

OH ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, mottled gray and red-brown, wet


medium stiff, high plasticity

6 54.2 65

5L
u-; CL SANDY SILTY CLAY, mottled gray and red-brown, wet,
f-"'"'"'
<,
soft, medium plasticity, porous with some organ~c
<, Imatter
OH
S- SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark blue-gray, wet, soft,
!high plasticity with trace sand, porous
2 66.6 60

l-

I-

I--

10-
13 29. 1 92

SC CLAYEY FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, medium dense,


- porous
f-

-
15-
8 35.4 85

I--

I--

f-

8 41.2 83 20-1
BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
PLATE 11
BORING LOG B- 3

JOB NUMBE R: __ 12_5_1_._00_5 _


SHEET:_2 _ OF:_2 _
JOB NAM E: _P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ DEPTH: 20 feet TO 40 feet t_

NOTES:

wcf. t::1-
(f) . 0::1- Z ,Z
~tJ:: :Jz
I-w
Z I
:Jo"""":
_ u
. II-
w
(f)U50
O(f)-
00: (f)1- >- w . I-
o...W (f)<tl- DESCRIPTION
-'w
COo... OZ 0:~ 0. wu.. :J-,<t
~O 0 0
oQ
u,
0

20 SC CLAYEY, FINE SAND, dark blue-green-gray, wet,


8 41.2 83 medium dense, sand with some silt and organlc
matter
-
I-

-
25 -I-

16 20.9 105
OL SILTY FINE, SANDY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark blue-green-
gray, wet, medium stiff, low plasticity, porous,
- //I\with trace fine gravel and coarse-grained sand
1-// L _
CL
SILTY, FINE SANDY CLAY, mottled, green-brown and
gray, wet, hard, low plasticity, porous, with
trace of coarse-grained sand and gray, clay-
30 filled veinlets

I-

-
35

54 23.0 103
Non-porous, with trace fine gravel
I- Boring terminated at 36-1/2 feet

I-

40....-

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


B-4
BORING lOG
JOB NUMBER: 1251 005 DATE DRILLED: _Ll,!-ne2, 1988

JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh SURFACE ELEVATION: + 6.0 feet

DRILL RIG: Solid Flight Auger DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN


2.5" I.D. Split Barrel 140 30

wrf? z
(f) - a:... t: ... .Z
~t;:: ...
:::>z
UJ
Z I -
:::>C)-:
I ...
(f)UjO
...UJ O(f)-
Oa: (f)... >-Lij() o...UJ (f)~~ DESCRIPTION
-'UJ a:~Q. wu.
CD 0... (5z :::>oQ
:28 0 0 u,

CL SILTY, FINE SANDY CLAY, mottled, orange-brown and


blue-gray, wet, medium stiff , low plasticity, porous
8 32.4 with trace rootlets
82

-
-
5-
7 44.4 75
OH SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark gray to black, wet
to saturated, soft, high plasticity, porous

I- /1-------------------------.-
~~ CLAYEY SAND, blue-gray, saturated, loose to medium
I-~SW dense, with some fine gravel and organic matter

10-
9 36.0 82 SC CLAYEY, FINE SAND, mottled blue-gray and red-brown,
saturated, medium dense, with some organ~c matter,
porous
-
-
-
15-
OH FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark gray,
7 56. 1 68 saturated, soft, high plasticity with trace coarse-
grained sand
l-

I-

I- 1--________ --- -----------


// FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark green-gray,
_...L. __
47.2 ...J.... 73 ~_2_0_-iVOH saturated, medium stiff, medium plasti.city
L.~

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


PLATE 13
B-4
BORING LOG
JOB NUMBE R: _1_2_5_1_.0_0_5 _ SHEET:_2 _ OF: __ 3 _

JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh 20 feet 40 feet


DEPTH: TO _

NOTES:

w(f?
(J) . O:f-- t::::f-- z ,Z
st;: :::Jz Z I .
:::JC)"""': If-- (J)i/50
00:
--'w
f--w
(J)f--
_ 0
>- W .
f--W
o...W &5~i= DESCRIPTION
roo... 6z 0: S 0. wu.. :::J--'
OQ u..
2
0
0 0

20 OR FINE, SANDY, SILTY ORGANIC CLAY, dark green-gray,


9 47.2 73 saturated, medium stiff, medium plasticity

- Stiff
FINE SANDY, SILTY ORGANIC CLAY, dark green-gray,
-~ saturated, soft with some thin layers, very soft,
medium plasticity
I-

25

7 38.8 80

I-
B@Gomes medium stiff ----------_._
f-----------
-:
CLAYEY FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, medium dense,
30_ vsC with some organic matter
11 38.0 82
',

OR FINE SANDY, SILTY ORGANIC CLAY, dark green-gray, wet,


'-- soft, medium plasticity

-
35_ Becomes medium stiff
13 31.7 88
SC CLAYEY FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet medium dense,
with some organlc matter
OR
I--
1\
FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark blue--green-
- gray, wet, stiff, medium to low plasticity

-
CLAYEY FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet, dense, with
14 30.2 89 4QI/ SC
some organlc matter

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


BORING lOG B-4
JOB NUMBER: __ 1_2_5_1_,_0_0_5 _
SHEET: __ 3__ 3
OF: _
JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh _ 40 feet 50 feet
DEPTH:, TO _

NOTES:

wcJ2. t::1-
(1) , cr:1- Z
:s:t: ::lz
I-w
Z I '
::lCJ-:
_ u
II-
W
Ocr:
-lw (1)1- >- w ' I-
n..W DESCRIPTION
con.. -z cr:S;D. wu..
00 o o
20

40
~ CLAYEY, FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet dense, with
14 30.2 89 _S_C_~ some organ i c matter
OH
- FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, dark blue~gray,
wet, stiff, medium plasticity, with trace small white
specks

I-

45 -
With trace coarse-grained angular sand
18 41.5 79

f- f-----------.-- ._

// SILTY, VERY FINE SANDY, CLAY, mottled green-brown


I- / and gray, moist, hard low plasticity, with 'trace
v/ fine gravel
50 -

41 24,6 100

Boring terminated at 51~ feet

I-

-I-

t--

I-

-I-

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


PT.1\rp", 1 c;
BORING LOG _B_-5_

,lOB NUMBER: _1_25_1_0_0_05 _ DATE DRILLED: June 6, 1988

JOB NAME: __ P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ + 605 feet


SURFACE ELEVATION:_- _

DRILL RIG: _ DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN

wrJ.
z
(f)ci;oz
(f) . O:f- t::f-
~tL ::lz Z I
::l(!)-:
. If-
00:
...JUJ
f-UJ
(f)f- - ()
>-UJ c:i.
f-UJ
CLUJ
O(f)-
(f)::S~ DESCRIPTION
(5z UJu.. ::loQ
COCL
~8 2S~ 0 u,

SW FINE SAND, light brown, moist, loose with some silt


and clay, rootlets

::':
.

i:i OH ORGANIC CLAY, dark gray, medium


soft layers
stiff, with some

r---
5-:! : SW
:: : CLAYEY FINE .SAND, dark, blue-gray to blue gray, wet
to saturated, medium dense to dense below'
:
.
.

~:~

)iJ Becomes more clayey


. :::

lOJi
~H )

With trace gravel,


, ::::

f- Boring terminated at 12~ feet

f-

15-f-

I-

r-

r-

r-

20-~

PLATE 16
BORING LOG B-6

JOB NUMBER: _1_2_5_1._0_0_5 _ June 6, 19813


DATE DRILLED:
JOB NAME: __ P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ + 5.0 feel
SURFACE ELEVATION:-:::..- __ ~_

DRILL RIG: _ DATUM: _------ _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN

wrf!.
(f) . cr:f- !=f- z z
~ti: ::)z
f-UJ
Z I
::)0-:
. If- (f)c7;0
()(f)-
f-UJ DESCRIPTION
Ocr:
-'UJ
(f)f-
-Z
>-w~ D-UJ (f):S~
CDD- 00
cr:~Q. UJLL ::)()Q
::2:() 0 0 u,

OH ORGANIC CLAY, mottled red-brown and brown-gray,


wet, soft, high plasticity, porous, with some
rootlets and grass blades

5- :::
r:
Becomes sandy at 6!:i feet

,~::V
....
CLAYEY SAND, blue gray, wet, medium dense, fine to
coarse-grained sand changes to dense at 9}2 feet

~~
~~

1O-
iiil
',:'

H
Trace sea shell fragments and fine gravel

~~
~:

- Boring terminated at 13!:i feet

15-,-

-
-
~

20-~

B
' .... ,... ..,. ,. I ..
'-1L.'-.I" ...'-"
..~ ~~
"--'-'
" L

.. ,"-' r:..
"

oJ

t},}},:::\ Samples retained In plastic bags


B-7
BORING LOG
June 13, 199B
1251.005 DATE DRILLED:
,I()B NUMBER:-------
+ 3.0 fee t
Pescadero Marsh SURFACEELEVATION:-----
NAME:-----------------
t:H~ILL RIG: __ R_o_t_a_r.:...y_W_as_h _ DATUM:----------

DRIVE WEIGHT- LB HEIGHTOF FALL - IN


SAMPLERTYPE:
140 30
2.5 11
I.D. Split Barrel

wrf. Z .Z
((! r-: a: I- '=1-
:::>z ZI . II- (1)050
~LL :::>CJ-:
_ <.) I-UJ
0(1)- DESCRIPTION
o a:
I-UJ
(1)1- >- UJ . o..UJ
UJu..
(I)~!;i:
'""'UJ -Z a:~a. :::>0S2
OJ 0.. 00 a u,
:20 a
Pt CLAYEY PEAT, brown, saturated, very soft, high
plasticity, becomes dark-gray at liz feet, porous
OH
\
Consistency changes to soft

S-
SW CLAYEY, FINE SAND, dark gray, saturated, very loose,
well sorted, well-rounded, with some to little
organic matter, with trace shell fragments

- SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, mottled dark blue-gray and green


gray, "(vet,soft, high plasticity, with trace fine
f- OH sand, porous

I-

Pt CLAYEY PEAT, brown, saturated, very soft, high


10- plasticity, becomes dark-gray, porous

1\
SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, mottled dark blue-gray and green
f- gray, wet, soft, high plasticity, with some fine
sand, porous
f-

- OH

15-
Becomes darker In color

-
,.....;

-
20-

LVI ~IUL
. BAN I ~
B \..il:VIa::LIII .
~
B-7
BORING LOG
JOB NUMBE R: _1_2_5_1_.0_0_5 _ OF: 3 _
SHEET: __ 2 __

JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh _ 20 feet 40 feet


DEPTH: _ TO _

NOTES:

wcf2.
(f) . n:f- Z ,z
:s:lL =>z
f-w
If- (f)UjO
O(f)i=
On: (f)f-
f-W DESCRIPTION
....Jw o..W (f)
en 0.. -z wu.. =>....JO
00 o 0-
u,
~o

4 20 OH SILTY ORGANIC CLAY, mottled dark blue-gray and green-


gray, wet, soft, high plasticity, with some fine
sand, porous
r

I-

Black, organic filled vertical veinlets


4

I- B~comes brown gray and siltier


/~----------.------.-
r ~~ ORGANIC, SILTY CLAY, dark gray, wet, medium stiff,
OL medium to low plasticity, porous, with trace fine
30-- sand
5

I-

i-

I-

35-
6

f-

I-

6 40-1 . ",=ml'l -dH-=-~~=J-:.cr-------------------------


....
BE ftt::fte.I%""it" ~
n.Giu~:uff.fl:E":et~.'-~"'<Itlll~I' L,(:::(.--~,j.J'
~u I '\I"U L I r\.ILY
BORING LOG B-7

,JOB NU MBE R: _1_25_1_'_0_0_5 _ SHEET: __ 3 __ OF: __ 3 _

Pescadero Marsh DEPTH: 40 feetTO 51 feet


,JOB NAME: ----------------

NOTES:

wct:. t:f- ,Z
(/) . a:f- Z
~t:: ::Jz
f-w
Z I .
::J(9-: If- (/)(jjO
0(/)1=
Oa:
_ 0 f-W DESCRIPTION
-lw
(/)f- >- W . (Lw (/)<{<{
ro(L (5z a: :5: 0. wLL ::J-lo
0-
~o0 0 0 LL

6 -- -- 4O 'OL ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, dark gray, wet, medium stiff,


medium to low plasticity, porous, with trace fine
sand
f-

f-
Becomes green-gray ~n color and stiff ~n consistency
I- with trace of whi te specks

12 -- --
CLAYEY, SANDY SILT, dark gray-green, wet, hard, low
45 ~ plasticity, fine-grained sand with trace of fine
angular gravel, white specks and organic matter

-
c-

31 -- --
50
-I
Boring terminated at 51 feet
-

-
-

--

f-

f-

f-

l-

f-

BE '" l.J :VIa:LII '.~"_ LVI'II.::JJLIn.I"'l'.::J


BORING LOG _B_-8_

JOB NUM BER: ---!.1~2.!o5 1.w.~Q~Q..I....5 _ DATE DRILLED: June 13, 1988

JOB NAM E: _-=P~e:.:s~c:.:a:.:d_e~r~o:..-M_a_r_s_h _ SURFACE ELEVATION: ..


+~6_.Q _

DR ILL RIG: __ R_o_t_


ar......:y:....-W_a_s_h _ DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN


2.5" I.D. Split Barrel

UJrt. !::f- z
en . a:f- .z
s:ti: =>z zI . If- enu;O
Oa: f-w =>0-:
_ u f-w ()en-
DESCRIPTION
-'w enf- >-w . a..w
wu... en:5~
fia.. -z
0 a:s:Q. =>()~
0
~() 0 0 u...

PT CLAYEY SILTY PEAT, mottled brown and dark blue-gray,


saturated, very soft, porous
3 -- --

5-
2 OH SILTY ORGANIC CLAY, dark blue-gray, saturated, very
soft, high plasticity, porous, with trace fine sand
and fine black rootlets

10-
Rootlets disappear, dark brown organlc spots and
layers

I-
/'
1----- -- -- -- -- -- -- .
---- - -- -- -- -- -- -

~~ ORGANIC SILTY CLAY, ~ottled b~o~n and dark blue-gray,


I- saturated, soft, medlum plastlclty, porous, black
organic matter, with trace fine sand and white specks

15-
FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, mottled dark blue-
5
gray and green-gray with some black, saturated, soft,
low plasticity, porous
I-

20-
5
B-3
BORING LOG
,JOB NUMBER: 1251.005 _ SHEET: __ 2__ OF: __ 4 _
Pescadero Marsh 40 feet
,JOB NAME: ------ _ DEPTH: 20 feet TO

NOTES:

wcf2.
(/) . a:f- t:f- z z
;;;tL: :::Jz Z I . If- (/)'dio
f-w :::J<.9-c
- <...> f-W O(/)i=
DESCRIPTION
Ocr:
-'w
U)f- >-w o, o..W U)
OJ 0..
O~ gs;;; wLL :::J-'o
0-
0 LL
20

5 -- -- 20 OL FINE SANDY, SILTY, ORGANIC CLAY, mottled dark, green-


gray and blue gray with some black, saturated, soft,
low plasticity, porous
-

-
I-

25
--
-
6 -- -- Becomes greener In color

l-

i-

l-
I

30-
15 -- -- SC ORGANIC, CLAYEY FINE SAND, mottled dark blue-gray and
OL green-gray, saturated medium dense, with trace wh i t e
"- nodules
CLAYEY, FINE SANDY, ORGANIC SILT, mottled dark green--
I- gray and blue-gray, wet stiff, low plasticity, 1)()tOUIl
with trace white and black specks
I-

35-
21 -- ~-

l-

I-

I- I/cLAYEY, ORGANIC, FINE SAND, dark blue -gray-eb la c k ,


saturated, dense, with trace silt and wh i te s p e c ks

BE
15
lUl.iAR
-- -
(l1:U I tLH
40-

.d1L,
Vc
LUN~UUANI~
BORING LOG B-8

JOB NUMBER: 1251.005 _ SHEET: __ 3__ OF: __ 4 _


JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh _ 40 feet 60 feet _
DEPTH: _ TO

NOTES:

w?f2
(f) . a:f- t::f- z ,Z
~tJ:: ::Jz
f-w
Z I
::JQ0
. If- (f)(f.j0
O(f)i=
Oa: (f)f- f-W DESCRIPTION
-'w >-W ci o..W (f)<{<{
aJo.. -z wu.. ::J-'o
0
LO0 i5~ 0 0-
u..

40
15 -- -- ~_S_C--; CLAYEY, ORGANIC, FINE SAND, dark blue-gray-black
OL saturated, dense with trace silt and white specks
II
FINE SANDY, CLAYEY, ORGANIC SILT, dark gray-green
with fine black layers, wet, stiff, low plasticity

~, //
V SC L _
45..
CLAYEY, ORGANIC, FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet;
dense, with trace silt and white spots
27 f-- --

50.

FINE SANDY, CLAYEY, ORGANIC SILT, dark green-gray,


17
wet, stiff, low plasti2ity, with trace white specks

55.

28
~ CLAYEY, ORGANIC, FINE SAND, dark blue-gray, wet,
medium dense with trace white specks

~,-,~

.> FrNESANDY~LAYEY, OH.GANIC SILT, dark green-gray,


~v OL wet, s t i..ff
-,
1ow p as t i..
1 c i r y , wi.t I
h trace organi.c spec k s
B-8
BORING LOG
JOB NUMBE R: _1_2_5_1._0_0_5 _
SHEET: __ 4__ OF: __ 4 _
JOB NAME: _P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _
DEPTH: 60 feet TO 76~ feet

NOTES:

w(f2
(I) . 0:1- !:::I- Z ,Z
5l1:: :::lz
I-w
Z I .
:::l0'""' II- (I)(j)O
00:
...Jw (1)1- - () I- w
n..w g~i=
>- w c; :::l...J DESCRIPTION
fin.. i3z
~5 wLL o~LL
::2!0 0
0

60 OL
17 -- I-- FINE SANDY, CLAYEY, ORGANIC SILT, dark green-gray,
wet, stiff, low plasticity, with trace white specks
l-

t-

t-

65 Rootlets
17 --
--
r-

- f.---- _______________________

// CLAYEY, SILTY, ORGANIC FINE SAND, dark blue-gray,


-:
I-V SC medium dense, with trace white specks and rootlets

70-
24 -- I--

-
20

Boring terminated at 76~ feet


BORING LOG _B-_9_

JOB NUMBER: _1_2_5_1._0_0_5 _ June 14, 1988


DATE DRILLED:
Pescadero Marsh + 4.0
JOB NAME: _ SURFACE ELEVATION:-----

DRILL RIG: Rotary Wash DATUM: _

SAMPLER TYPE: DRIVE WEIGHT - LB HEIGHT OF FALL - IN


2.5" LD. Split Barrel

UJof!.
(f) . cr:f- Z
~tL ::Jz
f-UJ
If-
f-UJ
Ocr: (f)f- a..UJ DESCRIPTION
-lUJ
CD a.. -z UJU-
00 o
::20

OH
STILTY ORGANIC CLAY WITH PEAT LAYERS, mottled red-
4 brown and blue-gray, saturated, very soft, high
plasticity, very porous, with trace fine sand

I- //SILTY~FINESANDY~RGANIC CLAY, mottledred-broW;;--


~ OL and blue-gray, saturated, soft, medium plasticity,
l-
very porous

8 1-- 5-

I- Consistency changes to very soft and color changes


to dark blue-gray, pores are fewer and larger
10-
2

I-

I-

5
15-
I~ CLAYEY, SILTY, ORGANIC FINE SAND, dark
saturated, loose, porous
blue-gray,

I-

I-

I-

10
Ba:iDI ru
1--

Ii D ,.
20-1
I "-Iur
Becomes
..J~b(;~~~'~~I.i,
medium
...A~~.I+!
I:+,I .,....
dense
,~~---_---------------------I
B-9
BORING LOG
JOB NUMBE R: _1_2_5_1
_"
0_0_5 _ SH E ET: ---,2~__ OF: _---'"'-3 _
JOB NAME: Pescadero Marsh DEPTH: 20 feet TO 40 feet

NOTES:

UJ?f.
(f) . cr:f- Z ,Z
:s:ll: ::::>Z
f-W
If- (f)(jj0
O(f)i=
Ocr: (f)f-
f-W DESCRIPTION
...Jw o..W
LL
(f)
::::>...JO
CD 0.. 6z W
0-
0
:2 o LL
o
20 SC CLAYEY, SILTY, ORGANIC FINE SAND, dark blue-gray,
10 saturated, medium dense, with some thin lenses having
less clay and silt
f-

25-
13

f- ----------------------- ------.-
~/ CLAYEY, SANDY FINE GRAVEL, dark blue-gray, saturated,
I /~ medium dense, sub-rounded, well-graded
I-v GC

SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, medium dense, sub-


25 1--
angular to sub-rounded gralns, well-graded

-
f-

35 With trace fine gravel


37

40-
~6
BORING lOG _B-_9_

JOB NUMBER: _1_25_1_,_0_0_5 _ SHEET: __ 3__ OF: _--=-3 _

JOB NAM E: _P_e_s_c_a_d_e_r_o_M_a_r_s_h _ DEPTH: 40 fee t TO 51~ feet

NOTES:

w(fl.
(f) . cr:~ t:~ z z
5ti:: =:lz Z I .
=:l(9"'"""' I~
(f)i75o
Ocr: ~w
(f)~
_ 0 ~w O(f)f=
>-wci (Lw (f) DESCRIPTION
--'w =:l--'o
CO(L o~
~O
~5 wLL
0 0-
LL

26 40 GRAVELLY SAND, dark green-blue-gray, saturated,


.~ medium dense, fine gravel, well-graded
1/
-v~ ~---------------- __
GW SANDY FINE GRAVEL, dark gray, saturated medium dense,
traces of silt and clay, sub-rounded, well-graded

45-
28

-
/~--------------.--------
~ SAND, dark blue-gray, saturated, dense, well-graded
I-VSW

I-

5()-
42 ISILTY, SANDY CLAY; dark blue-gray, wet stiff, low
plasticity
SC
I-
Boring terminated at 51~ feet

I-

I-

I-

I-

HERLOGAR GEOTECH 'JICAl LU"l~ IlTANTS


CLASSIFI
MAJOR DIVISIONS CATION TYPICAL NAM ES

CLEAN GRAVELS
GW WELL GRADED GRAVELS .GRAVEL - SAND MIXTURES

WITH LITTLE OR
U) NO FINES
-l
_a: GRAVELS GP POORLY GRAOED GRAVELS. GRAVEL - SANO MIXTURES
OW MORE THAN HALF
U)~ COARSE FRACTION
0:) w IS LARGER THAN GRAVEL WITH
GM SILTY GRAVELS. POORLY GRADEO GRAVEL - SAND - SILT MIXTURES
w!:!?> NO.4 SIEVE SIZE OVER 12% FINES
Zu.~
- oJ en
GC CLAYEY GRAVELS. POORLY GRADED GRAVEL - SAND - CLAY MIXTURES
<~
o:r
<.:J z '"
<z CLEAN SANDS SW WELL GRADED SANDS. GRAVELLY SANDS
W r <
U) ~ ~ WITH LITTLE
0: a: SANDS OR NO FINES
0
0;:' MORE THAN HALF
SP POORLY GRADED SANDS. GRAVELLY SANDS

U COARSE FRACTION
IS SMALLER THAN SM SIL TY SANDS. POORL Y GRADED SAND - SILT MIXTURES
NO.4 SIEVE SIZE SANDS WITH
OVER 12% FINES
SC CLAYEY SANDS. PODRLY GRADED SAND - CLAY MIXTURES

z INORGANIC SILTS AND VERY FINE SANDS. RDCK FLOUR. SILTY OR


<
U)r ML CLAYEY FINE SANDS. OR CLAYEY SILTS WITH SLIGHT PLASTICITY.
-ll-
-a: SILTS AND CLAYS INORGANIC CLAYS OF LOW TO MEDIUM PLASTICITY, GRAVELLY CLAYS.
OW CL SANDY CLAYS. SILTY CLAYS. LEAN CLAYS.
U)j LIQUID LIMIT LESS THAN 50
0< w
w~C;; OL ORGANIC CLAYS AND ORGANIC SILTY CLAYS OF LOW PLASTICITY
Z~U;
4:~~
0:<", MH
INORGANIC
SILTY SOILS.
SILTS, MICACEOUS
ELASTIC SILTS
OR DIATOMACIOUS FINE SANDY OR

<.:JI
z
w< SILTS AND CLAYS INORGANIC CLAYS OF HIGH PLASTICITY. FAT CLAYS
Z~
LIQUID LIMIT GREATER THAN 50
CH
-w
LLa:
0
;:, ORGANIC CLAYS OF MEDIUM TO HIGH PLASTICITY. ORGANIC SILTS
OH

HIGHLY ORGANIC SOILS Pt PEAT AND OTHER HIGHLY ORGANIC SILTS

UNIFIED SOIL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

(J)+-,
",..J '- c +-'- .!: U),+=C
>-+-'.!:LL +-' +-'
5'!- ~~~ e.c(J) U- 0
-0'-
me.
._ co
(J) 00
:;;;u
OC.~U
::>(J)n...
s~ o-~ (j) ~ '';::;
::> co co
iju
DESCRIPTION

X Bulk sample

J
2.5" 1.0. Split Barrel Sample

I-
NOTE: Soils described as 2.8" 1.0. Shelby Tube Sample
~
dry, moist, and wet are
esti mated to be dry of
optimum, near optimum,
No sample recovered
and wet of optimum IT
moisture content, respect-
ively. Saturated
estimated
soils are
to be within
II
-f.-
Standard Penetration
Well defined stratum
Test interval
change
areas of free ground-
water. Gradual stratum change
f- ~
---- Interpreted stratum change

'-'- 'SL Apparent ground water level at date noted. Seasonal


- weather conditions, site topography, etc., may cause
changes in water level indicated on logs

KEY TO BORING LOG SYMBOLS

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Job No. 1251.005
Pescadero Marsh
Pescadero, California

SOIL AUGER BORING LOGS

Auger Boring Depth


No. (feet) Description

S-l 0-1 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark brown (Qm)

1 - 2 CLAYEY SAND, dark brown (Qf)

S-2 0-2 SILTY SAND, light brown fine to medium (Qf)

S-3 0-2 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS (Qm)

2 - 2~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray (Qm)

S-4 0-2 SILTY CLAY, dark brown, some organics (Qm)

S-5 0-2 SILTY CLAY, brown, red limonite stains, some


clayey silty (Qb)

2 - 2~ SAND, red-brown, fine to medium (Qb)

S-6 o - l~ SILTY CLAY, some organics,dark brown (Qm)

l~ - 3 SILTY SAND, light gray, red-brown, fine to medium,


trace organics (Qm)

S-7 o - ~ ORGANIC CLAY

SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark brown (Qm)

l~ - 2~ SANDY SILT, light gray and red-brown, fine sand

2~ - 3~ CLAYEY SILT, light gray and red-brown

S-8 o 2 SILTY CLAY, dark brown, some organics (Qm)

S-9 o - l~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark brown (Qm)

l~ - 2~ SILTY SAND, SOME ORGANICS, dark brown (Qm)

S-lO 0-1 SAND, dark gray, fine to medium grained

1 - l~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark gray (Qm)

l~ - 2~ SAND, dark gray, fine to medium grained

PLATE 29

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Job No. 1251.005
Pescadero Marsh
Pescadero, California

SOIL AUGER BORING LOGS

Auger Boring Depth


No. (feet) Description

S-l1 0' - 3/4 SANDY CLAY, dark brown, fine to medium sand,
grained, some organics (qm)

3/4 - 3 SAND, clean gray, fine to medium, grained

S-12 0 - ~ SANDY CLAY, brown, fine sand

~ - 1 SILTY SAND, red-brown, fine to medium some


organics (Qm)

1 3~ SAND, fine, light gray, some organic matter (Qm)


S-13 0 - ~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, brown

~ - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray (Qm)

S-14 0 - ~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, brown

~ - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray (Qm)

S-15 0 - ~ ORGANIC MATTER

~ - 3~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray, some sand (Qm)


S-16 0 - 1 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark brown

1 - 3~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray (Qm)


S-17 0 -, 2 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, brown (Qm)
2 - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, gray, some sand

3 - 3~ SAND, gray, fine to medium, trace organics


S-18 0 ~ SANDY CLAY, brown, fine sand, some organics

~ - 3~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, gray (Qm)


S-19 0 - ~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, brown

~ - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, gray (Qm)

PLATE 30

HERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Job No. 1251.005
Pescadero Marsh
Pescadero, California

SOIL AUGER BORING LOGS

Auger Boring Depth


No. (feet) Description

S-20 0 - 1~ CLAYEY SILT, brown

1~ - 3 SILTY CLAY, brown, some organics (Qb)

S-21 0 - ~ CLAYEY SILT, brown, little organics (Qb)

~ - 3 SILTY CLAY, gray, som~ organics (Qm)

S-22 0 - 1~ CLAYEY SILT, dark brown, some sand, trace organics


(Qb)

1~ - 2 SILTY SAND, fine to medium, dark brown

2 - 2~ SAND, light gray and red-brown, fine to medium

2~ - 3 SANDY CLAY, gray, fine sand, some organics (Qm)

S-23 0 - 1 CLAYEY SILT, brown (Qb)

2 - 3~ SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, dark gray (Qm)

S-24 0 ~ CLAYEY SILT, brown, some organics

~ - 2 SILTY SAND, brown, some organics (Qm)

2 - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, gray (Qm)

S-25 0 - 1~ SAND, brown, fine to medium, some gravel brown


(Qyf)

S-26 0 - 1 BLACK PEAT

1 - 3 SILTY CLAY AND ORGANICS, blue-gray (Qm)

PLATE 31

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


Job No. 1251.005
Pescadero Marsh
Pescadero, California

SUMMARY OF MOISTURE CONTENT


AND DRY UNIT WEIGHT DATA

Boring Sample Moisture Dry unit


No. Depth Content Weight
(ft) (%) (pcf)

B-1 1
'2 21.6 84
5! 34.4 82
10 31.5 90
15 31.1 90
20 32.7 89
25 24.6 99
30 39.6 81
35 44.6 77
40 30.5 91
45 33.3 87
55 32.9 102

B-2 1 22.8 79
5 36.6 85
10 29.3 93
15 50.6 71
20 40.8 79
25 .48.7 72
30 51.6 68
35 21.1 104
40 22.4 101
45 25.2 94

B-3 1 54.2 65
5 66.6 60
10 29.1 92
15 35.4 85
20 41.2 83
25 20.9 105
30 20.5 106
35 23.0 103

B-4 1 32.4 82
5 44.4 75
10 36.0 82
15 56.1 68
20 47.2 73
25 38.8 80
30 38.0 82
35 31.7 88
40 30.2 89
45 41.5 79
50 24.6 100

PLATE 32
RlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
PRESSURE IN LBS. / SQ. FT.
100 1,000 10,000 - 100,000
I
I
I I
.~ I I
~ <, I
1 I 1 ~
I I
I I (} I
I I
I

I
I
I
I
'i'.i'. I 1
0.04 I
I 1 I I
I I I I
I I
I ! ~ I !
1 I I
I C~ I I
0.08
1
I -, 1
I ~
I
I
I
t\ I
I
I
I
I
I
I
1 \ I I
U I I 1
Z I \ I I
I
-<;
1 I
UJ
W ~ I I
I 0.12 I I I
u
Z I I I I
Z
I
I
1
I
I
1\ 1
I I
I

\l
Z
0 1 I
I- 1 1
~
--;
<{ I I
0 0.16 r--.
1\
I I
:J I I I
0
I
Z
0
UJ
I I ~ ~r--
I
1
1

\:
u I I -I
I 1
~ I
I ~
0.20 I I
<,
r--
I
I
1
:
-v,
--L --
I
I
I
I
I
I
'~

I
I
-ctJ~

I I I
I I 1 I
I I
0.24 I
I
I I I

INITIAL INIT. DRY


SYMBOL BORING DEPTH DESCR IPTlON MOISTURE DENSITY
FT. CONTENT (%1 (PCF)
..

0) B-1 36 SILTY, SANDY CLAY 44.6 76.9


BLUE-GRAY

CONSOLIDATION TEST DATA


BEIUOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
PRESSURE IN L8S. /
100 1,000 !,lltHI 100,0 00
I
I
r.tl-. !
I"~

Ti -~ I ~ "'f:l
I I ~~
I I ~
I
0.04
r-.
~

I
I
I
~h

1\
I"~

I ~ I" I
I I ~ I
I I I
I I ~~
0.08 I I ~ ~~
: II
I I I I
\\
::r:
I
I
I
I
I
I "\ '\ S I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
T\ \
"(
o
z
-- 0.12
UJ
UJ
::r:
~
I
I
h- t-- H:b.
i
I
f\ I\f\
[\\
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
o
z
z
I
I
I
I
I
~ ~
DR. \ t\
I
I
I
I
!
---
1

f\!
&
z
0
I
I I r- r-
~ ...
r\ I
I
I I I
1-
I !k "- \
I

--- i
<t: 0.16 I
0 I I I
:J
0
UJ
Z
I
I
I
cb. i--- i-.
~ f-. l- .j
I'... .
~

I
I
I
0
u I I r..; - I:\i- I
.J
I I I
I ~
0.20 i I I !
I
I
I II I
I
I
I
I
I
I I I I
I I I I
I I I I
I I I
0.24 I I I I

INITIAL INIT. DRY


SYMBOL BORING DEPTH DESCRIPTION MOISTURE DENSITY
FT. CONTENT l%) (PCF)
-- -

0 B-2 6 SILTY CLAY, BROWN, 36.6 85.3


POROUS
[oJ B-2 16 SILTY CLAY, BLUE- 50.6 71.0
GRAY
2:" B-2 26 SILTY CLAY, DARK 48.7 72.3
GRAY

CONSOLIDATION TEST DATA


BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS
PRESSURE IN LBS.! SQ. FT.
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SYMBOL BORING DEPTH DESCRIPTION MOISTURE DENSITY
FT. CONTENT (%) (peF)
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0 B-3 6 SILTY, SANDY CLAY, 66.6 60.4


BROWN, POROUS
8 B-3 21 FINE SANDY CLAY, 41.2 82.7
GRAY

CONSOLiDATION TEST DATA


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INITIAL INIT. DRY


DEPTH DESCRIPTION MOISTURE DENSITY
SYMBOL BORING
FT. CONTENT (%) (PCF)

SILTY CLAY, DARK 44.4 75.3


0 B-4 6
GRAY, BLACK
[J B-4 16 SILTY CLAY, DARK 56. 1 67.9
GRAY, BLACK
b. B-4 31 CLAYEY SAND, DARK 38.0 82.3
GRAY
41.5 79.4
0 B-4 46 SILTY CLAY, DARK
GRAY, BLACK

CONSOLIDATION TEST DATA

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


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MOISTURE CONTENT (%)

iOEPTH OPTIMUM MAX. DRY


SYMBOL LOCATION DESCRIPTION MOISTURE DENSITY
(FT) CONTENT (%) (pcf)

0 B-1 0-4 Brown Silty Sandy Clay 14.7 111.8

6. B-2 0-4 Brown Silty Clay 13 .5 110.0

COMPACTION TEST DATA

8ERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


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(DEPTH OPTIMUM MAX. DRY


SYMBOL LOCATION
(FT) DESCRIPTION MOISTURE DENSITY
CONTENT (%) (pel)

0 B-3 0-4 Red-Brown Silty Clay 18.0 103.0

A B-4 0-5 Brown Silty Clay 15.4 109.3

--
COMPACTION TEST DATA

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


APPENDIX A

BERLOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


"'~TELEDYNE
ISOTOPES
50 VAN BUREN AVENUE

WESTWOOD, NEW JERSEY 07675

(201) 6647070

26 August 1988

Mr. Raymond P. Skinner


Berlogar Geotechnical Consultants
4456 Black Avenue
Pleasanton, CA 94566
W.O.: 3-8747

Dear Mr. Skinner:

We have listed below the radiocarbon ages we have determined on the


samples you submitted for analysis.

ISOTOPES Age In Years


Sample Number Sample B.P.

I-15,401 B-8, 6-6 1/2 326 12 3170140


1-15,402 B-8, 25 1/2-26 1/2 551 9 6430 170
I-15,403 B-8, 40-40 1/2 643 6 8270 140
1-15,404 B-8, 65-65 1/2 712 14 10,000 400

All samples were treated for the removal of carbonates.

The ages are based upon the total organic carbon. The Libby half-life of
.5568 years was used to calculate the ages.

If you have any questions concerning these results, please contact us. We
shall be happy to help in any way possible.

We hope these results will prove helpful in your work, and we look forward
to serving you again soon.

~~cer?r yours,
~-1~/Uy
James Buckley
Radiocarbon Laboratory

JB:rk

TELEX 134474 TOYISOT WTWD EasyLink 62877198 FAX (201) 6645586


APPENDIX B

BERlOGAR GEOTECHNICAL CONSULTANTS


3479 Edisort WglY
Fremont, CA l:1"t::hHl

CLARK (415)

GEOLOGICAL
SERVICES

organic petrology organic geochemistry asbestos analysis micropaleontology palynology dinoflagellates

August 4, 1988 CGS Job No. 8816


REPORT
PALYNOLOGICAL ANALYSES
of Seven Core Samples
from Pescadero Marsh, for R. Skinner
Berlogar Geotechnical Consultants
INTRODUCTION
Seven samples of conventional boring core material from
Pescadero Marsh were processed and analysed by palynology for age
and paleoenvironmental interpretation. Unfortunately, only two
of the samples yeilded sufficient pollen for analysis and
interpretation. These two samples are interpreted to be pre-
historic- (before 1800 A.D.), albeit on rather weak evidence and
negative evidence. The two also seem to show an environmental
history of salt marsh transgression, but this history is bas~d on
only two points in time. For details of our interpretation,
please see the Results and Discussion sections of this report.
ANALYTICAL METHODS
The seven samples were received as core sections in
individual labeled plastic bags. Our laboratory processing
consisted of the following steps:
To isolate the palynomorphs, each samples was treated with
concentrated HCI, HF, hot HCI, and hot HN03. The rock and
organic residue were rinsed clean of acids and density separated
by 2:0 s.g. zinc chloride flotation. The organic residues were
then stained, sieved and mounted in two glycerine jelly strew
slides. Each slide was scanned completely and all palynomorphs
found were identified and counted. Most pollen types were
identifiable to a family or genus level, a few to species.
Only the diagnostic species are listed in the Examination
Results section of this report; a list and count of all
palynomorphs found is presented in Table 1; a histogram of the
pollen counts is presented as Figure 1. Analyses were performed
by James West and Joyce Lucas-Clark.

R ~
August 4, 1988

DISCUSSION

Seven boring core samples were analysed for pollen and


interpreted for age and paleoenvironment. Only two samples (B6
1-11/21, and 86 31/2-41) yeilded sufficient pollen for
analysis. Interpretation of these two samples as prehistoric
(before 1800 A.D.) is based mainly on negative evidence: 1) the
lack of introduced species such as Eucalyptus pollen; 2) lack of
definitive changes in pollen profiles that indicate historic
activity.
Pollen percentages in both samples suggest a lowland, local,
coastal salt marsh plant community with pickelweed (Salicornia
sp., Chenopodiaceae) the dominant taxa. Upland vegetation is
interpreted as redwood forest. Alders, possibly red alders
(Alnus rubra), were probably growing in the upland drainages.
Differences in the pollen percentages between the two
samples suggest salt marsh transgression and/o~ decline in
redwood forestation. The sample at 3.5 feet sGggestsan
environment upstream or more on the margins of a salt marsh,
whereas the younger sample from 1 foot suggests an environment in
the middle of a salt marsh. This transgression of the marsh may
also account for the decline in the redwood forest pollen, but
another possibility is that the decline represents a .real
decline in number of redwood trees.
Pollen profiles from northern and central California show
recent declines in redwood pollen. In central California this
decline has been attributed to historic logging, but at Elkhorn
Slough, redwood values begin to decline at 1700 years B.P. If
the decline in redwood pollen at Pescadero Marsh were because of
historic logging, we would expect to see a corresponding increase
in the amount of Compositae and Gramjneae pollen, which we do not
see. Hence, primarily on the basis of negative evidence, we
interpret the decline in redwood pollen to be independent of
historic activity.
In summary, on limited and partly negative evidence, we
interpret the samples to represent prehistoric salt marsll which
probably transgressed with time. A natural, as opposed to
historic, decline in redwood forestation may have occured during
the time between deposition of the two samples with pollen.
August 4, 1988 CGS Job No. 8816

The data presented in this report are based on our


microscopic analyses of extracted palynomorphs. Interpretations
made from these data are intended to give possible explanations,
and should be used in light of the geologic setting of the
samples. We trust that our analyses are satisfactory. If you
have any questions or if we can be of any further assistance,
please do not hesitate to call.

CljkGeZS$
7
/
/Joyce Lucas-Clark, PhD.
Palynologist
August 4, 1988 CGS t)ob No, BB16

EXAMINATION RESULTS

BERLOGAR SAMPLE CGS SAMPLE


NUMBER: NUMBER:
B5-3 1/2-41 CGS8816.520
Barren
B.5-8 1/2- 9 1 CGS8816.521
Barren
B6-0-1/21 CGS8816.526
No diagnostic palynomorphs.
B6-1/2-11 CGS8816.527
No diagnostic palynomorphs.
B6-1-1 1/21 CGS8816.522
Pollen:
Compositae
Sequoia sp ..
Pseudotsuga sp.
Salicornia sp.
AGE INTERPRETATION: Probably prehistoric (older than 1800 A~D.)
PALEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION: Saltmarsh with redwood
(Sequoia) upland vegetation.
B6-3 1/2-41 CGS8816.523
Pollen:
Compositae
Sequoia sp.
Psudotsuga sp.
Salicornia sp.
AGE INTERPRETATION: Probably prehistoric (older than 1800 A.D.)
PALEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION: Marginal on salt marsh with
adjacent or upland redwood vegetation.
B6-6-6 1/21 CGS8816.524
Barren
Pescadero, Trench B6

o 1a 20 30 4D 50 60 70 aD
Percent

CGS Job No. 8816 Figure 1