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E L C O U P E R H U M A N O

Feeding and digestion


Feeding
Food provides us with the necessary substances for growth and energy we need to
study, walk ...
We can group foods: - Group 1: These are milk and its derivatives such as cheese
, yogurt ... Food group 1 are good for our bones and muscles. - Group 2: These a
re meat, fish, eggs and legumes. We need to eat foods from two to grow strong an
d healthy. - Group 3: These are rice, pasta, bread, sweets and sugar. These food
s give us energy we need. - Group 4: These are the fruits and vegetables. We nee
d to eat foods in Group 4 because they have many vitamins.
Feeding
Diet is the range of food you usually take a person.
A healthy diet should be:
- Complete: that is, foods from the four groups. - Balanced: that is, to provide
our bodies need the necessary amount of each type of food.
Feeding
The digestive system is responsible for digesting food.
The digestive system consists of: - Taste: Here begins the digestion. - Esophagu
s: A tube that measures approximately 25 inches. Connects the mouth and stomach.
- Stomach: It has a pouch. On its walls there are many muscles. - Intestinal: T
his is a tube that measures approximately 8 feet. It consists of: - Small intest
ine, which measures about seven meters. - Large intestine, which measures five f
eet. It ends at the anus.
Digestive apparatus
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small intestine
Large intestine
Anus
Feeding
The digestion serves to divide food into simpler substances, so that our body ca
n use them.
How is digestion? - Mouth: The teeth cut and grind food. With the help of the la
nguage of food mixed with saliva. - Esophagus: Through it, food reach the stomac
h. - Stomach: The food is mixed with gastric juices. The digestive juices break
down food into simpler substances. What happens after digestion? - Small intesti
ne: The interior finishes digestion. Substances that can take advantage of the s
mall intestine pass into the blood. - Large intestine: Substances that can not b
e exploited and transformed into faeces are expelled through the anus.
Breathing and Circulation
Breathing
We need breathing apparatus to breathe.
The respiratory system consists of: - Nostrils - Larynx
- Trachea Inside are the bronchi, which are divided into finer and finer tubes c
alled bronchioles.
- Lungs
Respiratory
Nose
Nostrils
Trachea
Right lung
Left lung
Bronchus
Bronchioles
Breathing
To make two movements breathing: inspiration and expiration.
- Inspiration: The air enters the nose, down the trachea and reaches the lungs.
The breast is swollen because the lungs are filled with air.
- Expiration:
The air leaves the lungs, passes through the trachea and is expelled through the
nose.
Circulation
The circulation is the route that makes the blood throughout our body. The circu
latory system is responsible for the circulation of blood.
The circulatory system consists of: - Heart: It pumps blood to reach the entire
body. It lies between the two lungs. - Blood vessels: There are three types of b
lood vessels - arteries: carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body. -
Veins: Carry blood from different parts of the body to the heart. - Hair: They a
re very fine blood vessels. The arteries and veins are divided into capillaries
to reach all organs of the body.
Bones
and
muscles
Bones
The skeleton is the set of all bones.
Allows you to:
- Support and shape the body. - Protecting the most sensitive parts of the body
(heart, brain, etc.)..
It consists of:
- Bones, which are hard and rigid. - Cartilage, which are soft and flexible.
The union of two bones is called a joint.
- Some joints allow no movement (eg the skull). - Other joints do allow the move
ment (eg elbow, knee, hip ...)
Frontal Temporal Maxilla Humerus Sternum
Ribs
Radio Vertebrae
Ulna
Phalanges of hand
Pelvis
Femur
Tibia Fibula Foot Phalanges
Muscles
The musculature is the set of all muscles of the body.
- Every move we make is made through the muscles. - The muscles are soft and ela
stic. - The muscles under the skin and above the bones. - Depending on the type
of move they make,€muscles are divided into two groups: - Thick volunteers: mov
e when we want (for example, the muscles of the legs). - Thick Involuntary move
without us being able to control this movement (for example, the heart).
Masseter muscles Trapezius Deltoid Pectoralis major Rectus abdominis Biceps Dors
al Deltoid Trapezius
Gluteus
Twin Twin Quadriceps
The senses
The senses
The senses tell us everything that happens around us.
We have five senses:
- Vista - Hearing - Smell - Taste - Touch
Each organ has a corresponding meaning.
The senses: sight
The view gives details on the size, shape, color, position, distance and speed o
f moving objects.
The eyes are the organs of sight.
In the eyes distinguish:
* Parties are responsible to protect - Eyelids. - Tabs. - Browsing. * Parties in
volved in the vision: - Pupil. - Iris. - Crystal. - Retina.
Parties are responsible for protecting the eyes
Eyebrow
Eyelids Lashes
Parties involved in the vision
Eyeball Lens Retina
Pupil
Iris
The senses: hearing
The reports we heard the sounds that occur around us.
The ears are the organs of hearing.
In the ears distinguish:
* A part to meet: - Ears. * Other parties do not meet: - auditory canal. - Tympa
num. - Ossicles. - Caracol.
Parts of the ear
Ear ossicles
Snail
Auditory canal Eardrum
The senses: smell
Smell informs us of smells.
The nose is the organ of smell.
The senses: taste
Taste informs us of flavors.
There are four kinds of flavors - sweet. - Salado. - Acid. - Bitter.
The tongue is the organ of taste.
Perceive different tastes in different areas of the tongue.
The flavors we see in every part of the language
Bitter
Acid
Salt
Sweet
The senses: touch
Touch informs us of the hardness (hard / soft), temperature (cold / hot), textur
e (smooth / rough) of the objects ...
The skin is the organ of touch.
- All body parts have the same sensitivity.