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F2 - METHODS OF SEPARATION OF MIXTURES homogeneous and heterogeneous classes: 12

- 13-14 will adopt S = solid, L = liquid G = gas A - Homogeneous Mixtures: a) S

imple Distillation - separates S L where heating the mixture leaves the L as ste
am, and then is cooled after separating well as L, recovering the two components
(S and L). b) Fractional Distillation - separates L L-miscible (which are mixed
), the liquids are separated in order of increasing PE. c) Fractional Liquefacti
on - G G separates the gases are separated in a growing point of liquefaction (t
he process takes place with cooling). d) Vaporization or evaporation of L-separa
tes S where, by heating the L evaporates separating from the S, recovers only th
e component S. NOTE: distillation consists of a vaporization followed by liquefa
ction. B - Heterogeneous mixtures: 1) Picking - separates S from S using the han
d or forceps. 2) flotation (or sedimentation fractionated) - separates S from S
using a liquid of intermediate density where the S heavier (dense) if sediment,
and other S lighter floats. 3) Fractional Dissolution - separates S from S using
a liquid that dissolves only one of S, and then does not filter where S is diss
olved separately, then and there, with the filtrate make the simple distillation
retrieving the two components ( liquid was added and S). 4) fractional Fusion -
S separates S with different PF. 5) Fractional crystallization separates S-S wi
th different solubility coefficients, where the less soluble S crystallizes firs
t as it will reach its limit of solubility. 6) Magnetic separation separate S-S
using a magnet, where one of S is attracted by the magnet. 7) Filtration - separ
ates S L using a filter that retains the component S. 8) Filtration reduced pres
sure or vacuum accelerates filtration. 9) Decanting - separates S of L through t
he home, while the S component are sediment, using a hose to remove the componen
t L. 10) Decanting Funnel by bromine (or separating funnel) - separates immiscib
le L of L, where L denser seep separating themselves from the other L less dense
. 11) Spin - accelerates a decanting. 12) Sifonação - separates S L L L immisc
ible or using a siphon (a kind of hose). 13) Levigação - separates S from S us
ing the water that drags the lighter S, S and heavier, sinks to the bottom. DO N
OT FORGET: â ¢ Liquid-miscible homogenous mixture separated by fractional distilla
tion â ¢ immiscible liquids, heterogeneous mixture separated by decanting or separ
ating funnel for decanting funnel bromine â ¢ Dissolution fractionated (heterogene
ous) is different from fractional distillation (homogeneous)
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