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Voting Rights Amendments Notes


What are amendments?

Explain the amendments listed in the Bill of Rights.


Amendm Summary
ent

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Key Vocabulary
Suffrage:

Disenfranchisement:

Civil Liberties:

Poll Tax:
Explain the following amendments:
Amendm Summary
ent
Lawsuits Against States: It is impossible for the citizen of one state to sue another
11 state. (So, Salem cant sue Iowa)
12 Election of President and Vice President: (1804) Provides that members of the
electoral college (called electors), vote for one person as president and one
person as vice president.

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14

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16 Income Taxes: Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes

17 Direct Election of Senators: The states have the power to directly elect senators to
represent them. (before this, the state legislature decided who the senators were)
18 Prohibition of Liquor: (1919) Forbade people to make, sell, or transport liquor.

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20 Terms of President and Congress: Moves the date that newly elected presidents
and members of Congress take office close to election time. President: January
20th, Congress: January 3rd
21 Repeal of Prohibition: Repeals the 18th amendment.
22 Limitation of Presidents to Two Terms: No person can be elected president more
than twice.
23 Suffrage in the District of Columbia: Allows citizens of Washington D.C. to vote in
the presidential elections. However, they cannot vote for members of Congress.

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25 Presidential Disability and Succession: If president is removed, dies, or resigns, the


vice president becomes president. The president fulfills a vice president vacancy, by a
majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
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27 Congressional Pay Raises: Any increase in congressional pay does not go into
effect until after the next regular election of the House of Representatives.
1) What is a social movement?

2) How did the following amendments impact social movements?


Amendm Impact on Social Movements
ent

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14

15

19

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3) What is the Equal Protection Clause found in the 14 th Amendment?


4) What did some states do to prevent African Americans from voting after the ratification of the
15th amendment?
Means:

Definition:

5) How did some states feel about the ratification of the 15 th Amendment?

6) Explain the following laws that were passed to protect the civil rights of minorities:

Civil Rights Act of


1964

Voting Rights Act of


1965

Civil Rights Act of


1968
7) What is the Equal Rights Amendment? Why is it not included in the constitution?