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Derivation of the Ideal Gas Laws from the Kinetic Equation

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(pressure depends on two factors) :
(
The number of molecules striking the walls per unit time
(
how vigorously the molecules strike the walls
) (average speed
) (force of the collisions ).(remain the same
) (molecular collisions

) (with the walls per second
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.(number of molecules per unit volume

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)(as volume decreases, pressure increases and vice versa
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1
m u 2 T (Kelvin)
2
1
m N u 2 NT
2
1
m N u 2 = KT N..................( 2/3)
2
21 2 2
m N u = K T N
32 3
21 2 2
PV = m N u = KT N
32 3
2
PV = K T N
3
at constant T, N
PV= constant

1
T(Kelvin) mc2
2
1
PV = Nmc 2
3
2N 1 2
PV = mc
3 2
1
T mc 2
2
PV NT
PV = const (for fixed N and T)
PV = nRT

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