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Trigonometric

1. a. sin 3 x (periodic function) sin ( 3 x =360 )=sin 3( x =120)

2
Periodicity = 120 or
3

b. 1+tan x (periodic function)

tan x=tan(x +180)

Periodicity = 180 or

c. cos( x+1) (periodic function)

cos x=cos ( x +360 ) cos ( x +1 )=cos ( x +3601 ) cos ( x +1 )=cos ( x +359 )

Periodicity = 369 or 2 1

d. cos 2 x (periodic funtion)

[cos ( x +180 ) ]2

Periodicity = 180 or

e. x+sin x

(not oeriodic function)


cos
2. a. cos ( sec cos ) =sin 2 cos ( cos1 cos)=sin
2
cos
2 2
cos =sin

1cos 2 =sin 2 sin 2 =sin 2

cos u cos u 1 sin u cos u 1+ sinu


b. =sec u+ tan u = + =
1sin u 1sin u cos u cos u 1sin u cos u
2 2 2 2
cos =1sin cos =cos
5 1 1
3. sin
12
=sin +
6 4 ( )
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
sin cos +cos sin . 2+ 3 . 2
6 4 6 4 2 2 2 2

1 1 (1+ 3)
2+ 6 2
4 4 4

5 1 1
cos
12 (
=cos +
6 4 )
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
cos cos sin sin 3 . 2 . 2 6 2
6 4 6 4 2 2 2 2 4 4

( 31)
2
4

4. There are more sophisticated ways to determine the height of a building. Using
laser technology it is possible to measure the distances a and b. Using a so-called
(in)clinometer one can also determine the angles and . Let us assume that

a=25 meters and b=20 meters, and that = 4 and = 6 . Then the height

h(in meters) of the building is


. cos . sin
cos ( ) = cos - sin
1 1 1 1 1 1
cos ( ) cos . cos sin . sin
4 6 4 6 4 6
1 1 1 1 1 1
cos ( ) 2. 3 2.
14 16 12 21 2 2
cos ( ) 6 2
4 6 4 4

a 2 b 2 2a.b. cos( )
h2 =
1 1
h 2 252 20 2 2.25.20. ( 6 2)
4 4
1
h 2 625 400 1000. .( 6 2 )
4
h 1025 250( 6 2 )
2

h 2 25(41 10( 6 2 ))

h 25(41 10 2 ( 3 1))
h 5 (41 10 2 ( 3 1))
Function
1. Suppose f ( x) is a linear function such that f (1 )=6 and f ( 3 ) =2 . Find
a and b such that f ( x )=ax +b for all x .

Given that:
f (1 )=6

f ( 3 ) =2

f ( x )=ax +b f (1 )=a (1 ) +b 6=a+b .. (1 ) f ( x )=ax +b f ( 3 ) =a ( 3 ) +b

2=3 a+b .. ( 2 ) Eliminate (1) and (2)

6=a+b

2=3 a+b 8=4 a a=2

Subtitute a=2 in function (1)

6=a+b 6=(2 ) +b b=4

a=2 , b=4

2. A laminar jet fountain shoots an arc of water that has the shape of a parabola. So
the height h (in meters) as a function of horizontal distance x (in meters)
from the nozzle can be described by a quadratic function. Suppose the fountain
nozzle is fixed in the ground at height 0. Suppose furthermore that the highest
point of the arc is 1 meter above the ground, reached at a horizontal distance of
2
0.5 meter from the nozzle. Give, a , b , and c such that h ( x )=a x + bx+ c
Y-Values
1.2

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 h( x ) a ( x ) 2 b( x ) c

A(0,0)
h(0) a (0) 2 b(0) c
0c
c0
B (0,5,1)
h( x ) a ( x ) 2 b( x ) c
h(0,5) a (0,5) 2 b(0,5) c
1 a(0,25) b(0,5) 0...(1)

C (0,5,1)
h( x ) a ( x ) 2 b( x ) c
h(1) a(1) 2 b(1) c
0 a (1) b(1) 0

0 a (1) b(1)
0 a (0,25) b(0,25)...( 2)

Eliminate similarity (1) & (2)


1 a(0,25) b(0,5) 0

0 a (0,25) b(0,25)
-
1= b (0,25) b4
a 4
a 4
b4
c0