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A Summer Training Report

On
2*10 MVA 33/6.6kv Western Substation NCL , Nigahi
Project

Submitted

In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements

For the Degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In
Electrical & Electronics Engineering

By

Rajat Kumar Chaubey

Roll No-1305421085

Under the supervision of

Mr. Ramesh Singh

Junior Engg.(N C L Nigahi)

Under the guidance of

MR. KRISHNA MISHRA

ASST.PROFESSOR (EN DEPT.)

BABU BANARASI DAS NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


AND MANAGEMENT

LUCKNOW
2013-2017

Table of contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
i
CERTIFICATE
i

LIST OF FIGURES
iii

Introduction About Company


1-6

About 33/6.6 KV substation


4
Substation
5-11

Transformer
12-15

Power transformer
Current transformer
Potential transformer
Autotransformer
Distribution transformer

Busbars
16

Circuit Breaker
17-20

Low voltage Circuit Breaker


Magnetic CB
Thermal Magnetic CB
Common Trip CB
Air CB
Vaccum Circuit Breaker
Oil CB
SF6 CB

Isolators
21

Insulator
22-23

Pin Type Insulator


Suspension Type Insulator
Strain Type Insulator
Shackle Type Insulator

Relay
24-26

Differential Relay
Overcurrent Relay
Earth Fault Relay
Tripping Relay
Auxillary Relay

Capacitor Bank
27

Protection of Substation
28-31

Bucholz Relay
Conservator and Breather
Marshelling Box

Conclusion
32

References
33
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Training has an important role in exposing the real life situation in an


industry. It was a great experience for me to work on training at Northern
Coalfield Limited Nigahi, Project through which I could learn how to work
in a professional environment.

Now, I would like to thank the people who guided me and have been a
constant source of inspiration throughout the tenure of my summer training .

I Sincerely thank to The General Manager, Nigahi Electricity Supply authority,


Junior Engineer (Training),Substation Officer & Training Coordinator.

Who accepted my request for training without any hesitation and patiently
answering my all queries for providing clarity to my cluttered thought. They
were instrumental in providing us good accommodation as well as very
successful training at NCL Nigahi Coal Sub-station.

Last but not the least I am extremely grateful to all the engineer and staff
members of Nigahi Substation 33/6.6KV who could find time in spite of their
busy schedule.
List of figures

Figure no. Name of figure


Page no.

Figure 1 Coal Mines


1

Figure 2 Coal Mines

Figure 3 Western Substation


5

Figure 4 Single line Diagram


6

Figure 5 Power transformer


12

Figure 6 Current transformer


13

Figure 7 Potential transformer


13

Figure 8 Autotransformer
14

Figure 9 Distribution transformer


14

Figure 10 Busbar
16
Figure 11 Low voltage Circuit Breaker
17

Figure 12 Magnetic CB
17

Figure 13 Thermal Magnetic CB


18

Figure 14 Common Trip CB


18

Figure 15 Air CB
19

Figure 16 Vaccum Circuit breaker arrangements


19

Figure 17 Oil circuit breaker


20

Figure 18 SF6 circuit breaker


20

Figure 19 ISolaters
21

Figure 20 Pin Type Insulator


22

Figure 21 Suspension type Insulator


22

Figure 22 Strain Type


23

Figure 23 Shackle type Insulator


23
Figure 24 Differential Relay
24

Figure 25 Overcurrent Relay


25

Figure 26 Earth Fault Relay


25
Figure 27 Tripping Relay
25

Figure 28 Auxillary relay


26

Figure 29 Capacitor Bank


27

Figure 30 Bucholz Relay


29

Figure 31 Conservator And breather


29

Figure 32 Marshalling Box


30