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Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.

3-06
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:-
Building :- Building Checked by:-
Element:- Element Date:-
Location:- Location

General Input :-
tr= 0.20 m

Seismic Force
Direction of
L= 9.30 m tw= 0.30 m HL= 2
L= 10.0 K

B= 9.30 m
Rectangular Tank Plan Rectangular Ta

c= 24.0 KN/m3
fc= 35.0 N/mm2 Ec= 27805.6 N/mm2 ACI318-08, Clause 8.5.1
g= 9.81 m/sec2

Importance factor I = 1.00 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(a)


Rc = 1.00 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)
Ri = 2.00 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)
SEISMIC ZONE 2B
Z factor 0.2 UBC 97, TABLE 16-I
Soil Profile Very Dense
Soil Profile Type SC UBC 97, TABLE 16-J
Na For Zone 4 only 1 UBC 97, TABLE 16-S
Nv For Zone 4 only 1 UBC 97, TABLE 16-T
Ca 0.240 UBC 97, TABLE 16-Q
Cv 0.320 UBC 97, TABLE 16-R
Ts =0.40Cv/Ca 0.533 sec UBC 97, FIGURE 16-3

1-Calculation the Equivalent Weight for impulsive W i & convective Wc component:

WL = 1902.8 KN , L / HL = 4.23 ,Ww

### = 519.1 KN ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1

= 0.71 WL = 1345.6 KN

2-Calculation the Height of center of gravity for impulsive h i & convective hc component

Page 1 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:-
Building :- Building Checked by:-
Element:- Element Date:-
Location:- Location

= 0.825 m

= 1.149 m

3-Calculation the fundamental period of oscillation of the tank for impulsive T i & convec

= 1777.1 KN = 1.48 m
, ,

= 1.22 m , = 102802.2 KN/m

= 0.26 sec ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-11

= 4.43

_ = /_ =(_/ (_
__ ) , _=
( /_ _ ) ^_/

Page 2 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:-
Building :- Building Checked by:-
Element:-
_ = /_
Element =(_/
(_
Date:-

Location:- __ ) , _=
Location
( /_ _ ) ^_/
4-Calculation the total lateral impulsive force P & convective force P :
i c

= 0.600 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-1,2,3

= 0.077 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-4,5

= 122.3 KN = 132.7 KN

= 155.7 KN = 103.7 KN

5-Calculation the total Base Shaer V:


= 423.7 KN
6-Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion:

Pi Top = 1.0 KN/m2

Pi Bottom = 6.7 KN/m2

Pc Top = 2.9 KN/m2 ACI 350.3-06,

Pc Bottom = 2.2 KN/m2

= 2.2 KN/m2

= 2.2 KN/m2
= 1.0 KN/m2

= 6.7 KN/m2
Wall Inertia Force Pw Impulsive Force Pi ConvectiveForce Pc

Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicula

7- Load Cominations:

Page 3 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:-
Building :- Building Checked by:-
Element:- Element Date:-
Location:- Location
Note that, the Calculated Seismic Force E above is based on Strength-level Forces (u
For allowable stresses Design (ASD) Method (service loads), the design seismic forces s
ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Clause B.5
For Ultimate Strength Design method (factored loads), follow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 lo

Page 4 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1
M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
07-Mar-17
M.A.S.

tr= 0.20 m

HL= 2.20 m Hw= 2.95 m


L= 10.0 KN/m3

Rectangular Tank Elevation

ACI318-08, Clause 8.5.1

vective Wc component:

= 815.6 KN ,Wr = 442.4 KN

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1 ,Ww perp = 407.8 KN

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-2

i
& convective hc components:

Page 5 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1
M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
07-Mar-17
M.A.S.

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-3 & Eq 9-4

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-5

ank for impulsive T i & convective Tc components:

= 3.05 m

= 102802.2 KN/m ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4

= 4.32 sec ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-13,14

= 289.7 KN/m

Page 6 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1
M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
07-Mar-17
M.A.S.

06, Appendix B, Eq B-1,2,3

06, Appendix B, Eq B-4,5

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-6,7

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-8,9

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B & Eq 4-5


cular to ground motion:

ACI 350.3-06, R5.3.1

= 2.2 KN/m2
= 2.9 KN/m2 = 6.0 KN/m2

= 2.2 KN/m2 = 11.0 KN/m2


ConvectiveForce Pc Total Seismic Force E per Wall
perpendicular to ground motion
e base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion

Page 7 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
nk, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1
M. Abu Shady
M. Abu Shady
07-Mar-17
M.A.S.

d on Strength-level Forces (ultimate loads).


ds), the design seismic forces shall be reduced by a factor of 1.4

ollow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 load combinations.

Page 8 of
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC21
Tank M.A.S ______
UBC 97 Tables

TABLE 16-ISEISMIC ZONE FACTOR Z


Zone Z
1 0.075
2A 0.15
2B 0.2
3 0.3
4 0.4

Ct Values
0.0853 (0.035 in ft)for steel moment-resisting frames
0.0731 (0.030 in ft and eccentrically braced frames
0.0488 (0.020 in ft)for all other buildings

TABLE 16-JSOIL PROFILE TYPES

Soil Profile
Descriptio
n Soil Profile
Type
Hard Rock
SA
Rock SB
Very
Dense SC
Stiff Soil SD
Soft Soil SE

Weak Soil
SF
TABLE 16-QSEISMIC COEFFICIENT Ca
Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075 0.15 0.2 0.3 0.4
SA 0.06 0.12 0.16 0.24 0.32
SB 0.08 0.15 0.2 0.3 0.4
SC 0.09 0.18 0.24 0.33 0.4
SD 0.12 0.22 0.28 0.36 0.44
SE 0.19 0.3 0.34 0.36 0.36
SF 0 0 0 0 0

TABLE 16-RSEISMIC COEFFICIENT Cv


Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075 0.15 0.2 0.3 0.4
SA 0.06 0.12 0.16 0.24 0.32

SB 0.08 0.15 0.2 0.3 0.4

SC 0.13 0.25 0.32 0.45 0.56


SD 0.18 0.32 0.4 0.54 0.64
SE 0.26 0.5 0.64 0.84 0.96

SF 0 0 0 0 0
use External calculated for K
use ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 expression for K
Rev0

Rev1.0 4-Nov-14
1- adding calculation for Kc, which can be used for dynamic analysis in Cell H46
2- Correction of Ww Calculation in cell G35 according "Mr. Siwalak Khamnurak" Note, m
Rev1.1 9-Nov-14
1- Calculation of Ww perp in cell I36 which will be used in calculating Pw in cell G35 inste
according Javeed A. Munshi example 1, page 37 "see references sheet, item 2 for book
many Thanks for "Mr. Ahmed Daif" notification, which is the purpose of this modificati
Cell H46
hamnurak" Note, missing multiplying by the wall thk tw

Pw in cell G35 instead of total Ww


eet, item 2 for book details"
se of this modification.
References
1-ACI 350.3_06 Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures and Commentary
2-Design of liquid containing concrete structures for earthquake forcesby Javeed A. Munshi-2002-0
3- Tank Wall Stiffness Calculation K :
a- using ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 which developed For fixed-base, free-top cantilever walls, such as i
- on my opinion- the same expression can be used for fixed wall in tank base and hi
b- using analysis model with assuming Lateral Force F= 10 KN (e.g) at C.G of tank to obtain a defl
for more information see Guidelines for Seismic Design of Liquid Storage Tanks, Examp
SP-2002 IBC2000 ACI 350.3R-01

http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/IITK-GSDMA/EQ08.pdf
for more useful pdf (IITK-GSDMA Project on Review of Seismic Codes, & Preparation of Commentary
http://www.nicee.org/IITK-GSDMA_Codes.php
Preparation of Commentary and Handbooks)