Anda di halaman 1dari 41

JURNAL KEGIATAN

PRAKTIKUM KIMIA
DASAR

NAMA :

NIM :

KELOMPOK :

JUR./FAK. :

LABORATORIUM KIMIA
DASAR
UPT-MKU
UNIVERSITAS
HASANUDDIN
JURNAL KEGIATAN
PRAKTIKUM KIMIA DASAR

NAMA :

NIM :

KELOMPOK :

JUR./FAK. :

LABORATORIUM KIMIA DASAR


UPT MKU
UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
KEGIATAN 1
KESELAMATAN KERJA DI LABORATORIUM KIMIA

Nama Praktikan : ___ ______ Nilai : ______

Nama Teman Kerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN

Bahan Kimia :

No. Nama Bahan Kimia Keterangan Label Simbol


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
Alat-alat keselamatan :

No. Nama Alat Fungsi


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

B. PEMBAHASAN
_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

2
_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

C. KESIMPULAN

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Makassar, ..

Asisten, Praktikan,

( ___________________________ ) ( _________________________ )

3
KEGIATAN 2
KETERAMPILAN LABORATORIUM

Nama Praktikan : ______Nilai : _______

Nama TemanKerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

I. PENGAMATAN

1. Pengenalan alat-alat laboratorium kimia

No Nama alat Spesifikasi Kegunaan

1 ..

2 .. ..

3 .. .

4 ..

5 ..

6 ..

7 ..

n .. .
4
2. Pembuatan larutan

Bobot/volume Volume
No Zat terlarut (g/mL) Pelarut larutan (mL) Keterangan

3 .

4 .

5 .

6 .

7 .

II. PERHITUNGAN DAN PEMBAHASAN


________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

5
________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

III. KESIMPULAN
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Makassar, .

Asisten, Praktikan,

( ___________________________ ) ( _________________________ )

6
KEGIATAN 3
PERCOBAAN SIFAT-SIFAT UNSUR

Nama Praktikan : ______ Nilai : _______

Nama TemanKerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. _____________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN
1. Raktifitas unsur

Unsur Ditambah air Ditambah air Ditambah


dingin panas phenolptalin (PP)
Li .. .. ...
Na .. .. ..
Mg .. .. ..
Ca .. .. ..

2. Pengendapan garam sulfat

Larutan Ditambah H2SO4 0,5 M Keterangan


MgCl2 0,5 M ... ....
CaCl2 0,5 M ... ....
SrCl2 0,5 M ... ....
BaCl2 0,5 M ... ....
7
3. Pengendapan garam hidroksida

Larutan Ditambah NaOH 0,5 M Keterangan


MgCl2 0,5 M ... ...
CaCl2 0,5 M ... ...
SrCl2 0,5 M ... ...
BaCl2 0,5 M ... ...

B. REAKSI
1. Li + H2 O
Na + H2 O
Mg+ H2 O
Ca + H2 O

2. MgCl2 + H2SO4
CaCl2 + H2SO4
SrCl2 + H2SO4
BaCl2 + H2SO4

3. MgCl2 + NaOH
NaOH
CaCl2
+

+ NaOH
SrCl2 + NaOH

BaCl2

C. PEMBAHASAN
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________
8
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

D. KESIMPULAN
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Makassar, ..

Asisten, Praktikan,

( __________________________) ( _________________________ )

9
KEGIATAN 4
PERCOBAAN IKATAN KIMIA

Nama Praktikan : ______ Nilai : _______

Nama TemanKerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN

1. Pengendapan garam sulfat

Larutan Ditambah AgNO3 Keterangan


NaCl ... ...
CCl4 ... ...
CHCl3 ... ...

2. Reaksidenganindikatormetil orange (MO)

Larutan DitambahMO Keterangan


HCl ..
CH3COOH ..
CH3CH2OH ..
1
0
3. Pengendapan garam hidroksida

Ditambah pereaksi
Larutan Keterangan
BaCl2 K4Fe(CN)6
CuSO4 +
. . .
NH4OH sedikit
CuSO4 +
. . .
NH4OH berlebih
CuSO4 . . .

4. Pengendapangaramhidroksida

Larutan Ditambah KCNS Keterangan FeCl3 .

K4Fe(CN)6 . ...

B. REAKSI
1. NaCl + AgNO3

CCl4 + AgNO3

C2H5Br + AgNO3

2. Tidakperlu

3. a. CuSO4 + NH4OH (sedikit)

CuSO4 + NH4OH (berlebih) (X)

(X) + BaCl2

(X) + K4Fe(CN)6

b. CuSO4 + BaCl2

CuSO4 + K4Fe(CN)6

4. FeCl3 + KCNS

K4Fe(CN)6 + KCNS
1
1
C. PEMBAHASAN

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

D. KESIMPULAN
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Makassar, .

Asisten, Praktikan,

( ___________________________) ( ________________________ )

1
2
KEGIATAN 5
PERCOBAAN KECEPATAN REAKSI

Nama Praktikan : ______Nilai : _______

Nama TemanKerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN DAN PERHITUNGAN

1. Pengamatan

a. Pengaruh konsentrasi Na2S2O3

Reaksiberlangsung pada suhu __________

Konsentrasi Konsentrasi Waktu 1/waktu


-1
Na2S2O3 H2SO4 (detik) (detik )

0,1 . .

0,1 . .

0,1 . .

0,1 . .

0,1 . .

0,1 . .
1
3
a. Pengaruh konsentrasi H2SO4

Reaksiberlangsung pada suhu __________

Konsentrasi Konsentrasi Waktu 1/waktu


-1
Na2S2O3 (M) H2SO4 (M) (detik) (detik )
0,1 . . .

0,1 . . .

0,1 . . .

0,1 . . .

0,1 . . .

0,1 . . .

a. Pengaruh suhu

Konsentrasi Konsentrasi Suhu waktu


o
Na2S2O3 (M) H2SO4 (M) ( C) (detik)

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

Konsentrasi yang digunakan:

H2SO4 = ________ M Na2S2O3 = _________ M

1
4
2. Perhitungan:

Gambarlah grafik log vs log A dan ln k vs 1/T (gunakan program excel)

B. REAKSI

Na2S2O3 + H2SO4
1
5
C. PEMBAHASAN

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

D. KESIMPULAN

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

Makassar, .
Asisten, Praktikan,

( ___________________________ ) ( _________________________ )

1
6
KEGIATAN 6
PERCOBAAN KESETIMBANGAN ASAM BASA

Nama Praktikan : ______Nilai : _______

NamaTeman Kerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN DAN PERHITUNGAN

a. Pengamatan

o
Namaasam pH Suhu ( C)
Asam format (M) :

0,1

0,0X

0,00X

0,000X

0,0000X

Asamcuka (M) :

0,1

0,0X

0,00X

0,000X

0,0000X
1
7
b. Perhitungan

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________

B. PEMBAHASAN

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

1
8
___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

C. KESIMPULAN

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Makassar,.....
Asisten, Praktikan,

( _________________________ ) ( ________________________ )

1
9
KEGIATAN 7
PERCOBAAN SIFAT-SIFAT SENYAWA ORGANIK

Nama Praktikan : ______Nilai : _______

Nama Teman Kerja : 1. _____________________________________

2. ________________________________

3. _____________________________________

4. _____________________________________

5. _____________________________________

6. _____________________________________

Asisten dosen : ______________________________

A. PENGAMATAN

1. Kelarutan senyawa organik

Zat Jumlah fase dalam Jumlah fase dalam


Keterangan
terlarut campuran Air dietleter
n-heksana

Klorofom

Etanol

Etilasetat

2. Reaksi-reaksisenyawa organik

Zat Perubahan yang terjadi


Keterangan
KMnO4 KI/aseton Fehling A+B I2/Betadin
n-Heksana X X X
Alkohol X X X
Asetaldehida X X
2
0
Aseton X X X
Kloroform X X X
Glukosa X X X
Vitamin C X X X

B. PEMBAHASAN

1. Kelarutan senyawa organik


___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

2. Reaksi-reaksisenyawa organik

Tulisreaksi-reaki yang terjadiberdasarkan hasil pengamatan.


___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

2
1
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

C. KESIMPULAN
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

Makassar,........

Asisten, Praktikan,

( _________________________ ) ( ________________________ )

2
2