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Overvoltage protection of low voltage systems,


2nd edition [Book Review]

Article in IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine August 2005


DOI: 10.1109/MEI.2005.1490002 Source: IEEE Xplore

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ing drying and degassing techniques. Al- tical aspects of pulling cables, and has a description of gases in general, scattering
though not comprehensive, this chapter convenient listing of the electrical and of molecules at surfaces, sputtering, and
does contain practical information used in physical properties of various cable sizes. descriptions and operation of a wide vari-
industry. I found the chapters on compensation and ety of vacuum pumps. There is one chap-
This book would be of interest to power transformers to be very informative. Com- ter on methods used to measure vacuums,
transformer designers, utility engineers pensation included not only basic calcula- including the typical gauges. There is a
who need to know about the interaction of tions for shunt and series capacitor values good description on partial pressure
the transformer with the power system, and and location, but also discussed their af- gauges, especially a detailed review of the
power engineering students. fect on motor loads. The section on trans- now widely used quadrupole gauge. The
formers has a very good review of various final three chapters deal with examples of
three-phase configurations with vector dia- lab vacuum systems, applications, and con-
grams and lots of drawings, and the effects struction of vacuum components. The ex-
Practical Power Distribution of faults and in-rush current. However, it amples are most useful as they illustrate
was lacking explanations on positive and how to deal with various issues in real
for Industry world vacuum systems such as pumping
by J. de Kock and C. Strauss negative sequencing, thermal consider-
ations, and per-unit calculations. water vapor, pumping through a long nar-
Newnes row pipe, differential pumping, roots
An Imprint of Elsevier Although not very broad in coverage,
this book does give the reader an excellent pumps, and high vacuum systems for coat-
Linacre House, Jordan Hill ings. The applications include some very
Oxford OX2 8DP overview of the more practical aspects of
some medium voltage power distribution interesting descriptions of how recent de-
Phone: 44 (0) 1865 853333 vices operate, including flat panel displays,
In the US components in an electrical system. It
would be best suited for engineers or tech- a brief description of vacuum coating sys-
Elsevier tems, and a number of other scientific and
200 Wheeler Road nicians who may not design these compo-
nents but still need a basic working knowl- industrial applications. Coupled with the
Burlington, MA 01803 references, these applications will give the
Phone: (800) 545-2522 edge about medium voltage systems.
reader many ideas regarding modern
Fax: (800) 568-5136 vacuum systems.
www.newnespress.com This would be an excellent resource for
ISBN# 0-7506-6396-0 Modern Vacuum Systems
engineers and scientists needing to learn
183 pp, - $49.95 (Paperback), 2004 by A. Chambers
the fundamentals of modern vacuum tech-
CRC Press LLC.
nology.
This tutorial style text on power distri- 2000 N.W. Corporate Blvd.
bution focuses on the practical application Boca Raton, FL 33431
of medium voltage (1 to 36 kV) power dis- Phone: (800) 272-7737
Fax: (800) 374-3401 Overvoltage Protection of
tribution components. The book provides
concise technical details, accompanied by www.crcpress.com Low Voltage Systems, 2nd
well-written text explaining the details for ISBN# 0-8493-2438-6 Edition
understanding the basic behavior of 353 pp, - $80.96 (Hardcover), 2005 by P. Hasse
switchgear, power cables, transformers, The Institution of Electrical Engineers
power factor correction, grounding, light- There are many measurement systems, Michael Faraday House
ning protection, and network systems in research applications and modern devices Six Hills Way, Stevenage
electrical systems. Readers will gain prac- (flat panel displays, field emitting arrays, Herts. SG1 2AY, United Kingdom
tical technical know-how for becoming CRT tubes, etc.) that use vacuum systems. Phone: 44 (0) 20 7240 1871
knowledgeable in some of the critical fac- This book presents the fundamentals of Fax: 44 (0) 20 7240 7735
tors important in selecting switchgear, vacuum technology along with some mod- http://www.iee.org/publish/books
power cables, power transformers, power ern applications. The book begins by re- ISBN# 0-85296-781-0
factor correction, and calculating short-cir- viewing the fundamentals of vacuum, 364 pp. - 62 / $93 (Hardcover), 2000
cuit currents. However, those already fa- about two-thirds of the book. Although
miliar with medium voltage power distri- these topics (gas physics, surface outgas- Lightning strikes can cause extensive
bution components and operation will find sing, gas flow, and pumping) are nothing damage to buildings and property, espe-
this book too basic. new, the authors clear and engaging style cially to sensitive electronics, including
For switchgear, basic operation is re- of writing makes this a good book to learn computer networks and other devices con-
viewed as is recent technology (e.g., inter- these concepts. There are lots of illustra- nected to the low voltage power grid. This
nal arc proofing) and advantages and dis- tions and many equations to help in the book illustrates the destructive power of
advantages of different types of technol- design of vacuum systems. Examples of lightning, examines how it causes damage
ogy. The chapter on cables reviews calcu- some design equations include flow to low voltage power systems, and reviews
lations necessary for sizing cables, a de- through long and short pipes and apertures. steps needed to mitigate or prevent light-
scription of various cable types, the prac- Some of the other topics cover molecular ning damage in low power systems. It

56 IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine


begins by illustrating, using real world Electronic solid-state devices are ubiq- As long as you are not looking for an
examples, the kind of damage that can be uitous today. Applications include PCs, in-depth book in solid-state physics, this
afflicted on the electrical systems inside digital cameras, wireless communications, is an excellent introduction to solid-state
buildings, houses, aircraft, and industrial and many other consumer, commercial, physics. Even the practicing engineering
plants. It then discusses how lighting and military electronic devices. Knowing may even find this to be a good reference.
surges can be coupled into power systems the fundamentals of solid-state materials
even by indirect strikes. This delves into is a primary requirement for electrical en-
various types of coupling modes such as gineers, physicists, and materials scientists. Modern Magnetic Materials -
ohmic, inductive, and capacitive. This is This textbook and CD-ROM are a great
Principles and Applications
very useful for understanding how to pro- introduction to understanding the funda-
by R. C. OHandley
tect against lighting strikes. Then, the mentals of solid-state materials and de-
John Wiley & Sons
majority of the book is dedicated to de- vices. It combines the areas of solid-state
111 River Street
tailing protective measures focusing on theory, materials, and electromagnetics
Hoboken, NJ 07030
German VDE and IEC standards. The vari- into a very straightforward, understandable
Phone: (877) 762-2974
ous types of protection discussed, for low text aimed at an undergraduate or begin-
Fax: (800) 597-3299
voltage power systems, cover protection ning graduate level student. The author
http://www.wiley.com
zoning, surge protection, varistors, light- clearly describes the theory of many of the
ISBN# 0-471-15566-7
ning arresters, and protective devices. key concepts for the foundation of solid-
767 pp. - $156 (Hardcover), 2000
Some of the specific devices include opti- state materials and details many of their
cal coupling, isolating spark gaps, surge applications. Much of the clarity in the
Because magnetism involves a wide
arresters, fuses, grounding rods, and the writing is attributed to conveying the prin-
range of disciplines including electrical
Blitzductor. There are also specific ex- ciples without developing detailed math-
engineers, material scientists, physicists,
amples for protecting electronic networks ematical derivations with the intent to make
metallurgists, chemists, and others, this text
including computer networks and telecom- it a more practical engineering-oriented
would have broad interest. Because of the
munication systems. There are also spe- text. The author has successfully aimed at
wide and diverse world of magnetics, the
cific applications, some of which include developing a physical understanding of the
intent of the author was to present a foun-
a central computer, fire alarm system, TV concepts presented through the use of in-
dation of the most widely used concepts
transmitter, and airport control tower tuitive examples including drawings, illus-
today in magnetic materials and describe
among others. trations, graphs, tables of physical data, and
some of the most recent applications. The
The book is filled with many photo- many practical applications. These con-
depth of coverage allows the reader to gain
graphs of devices damaged by lightning cepts are also reinforced with the color il-
enough background to understand the
and illustrations of low voltage power sys- lustrations in the CD, containing a PDF and
physics and underlying material issues to
tem protective devices used in the IEC PowerPoint files of all of the illustrations
be able to understand the current literature
market. Engineers who need to develop in color and additional selected topics and
in much of the field. Much of the book is
protective systems for low voltage power solved problems not in the textbook. There
dedicated to magnetic material behavior.
distribution systems will find this book to are problems at the end of each chapter
A key feature of this book is in the authors
be very useful for obtaining a good under- for assignment to the student, with the so-
ability to clearly explain much of the fun-
standing of the ways in which lightning lutions manual, supported by McGraw-
damental physics by practical examples
can damage power systems and gain ideas Hill, also available.
and tying together many difficult and
for protecting such systems. Some of the topics covered include
sometimes disparate subjects. These in-
electrical and thermal conduction in sol-
clude the role of quantum mechanics and
Principles of Electronic ids, quantum physics, semiconductor
spectroscopy to magnetics along with prac-
Materials and Devices, 2nd theory and devices, dielectric materials and
tical examples of magnetic recording me-
insulation, magnetic properties, and opti-
Edition cal properties. Additional topics in this
dia. The author recognizes the real world
by S.O. Kasap and stresses the effects of processing on
second edition include conduction in in-
McGraw-Hill material characteristics rather than strictly
sulators, Hall effect, phonons, and thermal
Two Penn Plaza theory. Many of the graphs and charts in-
properties. In addition to the typical dis-
New York, NY 10121-2298 clude material properties along with criti-
crete devices (pn junction, BJT, JFET, and
Phone: ( 877) 833-5524 cal processing parameters. He also pro-
LED), the book could be improved by add-
Fax: (614) 759-3749 vides a concise summary at the end of each
ing more sophisticated solid-state devices
http://www.books.mcgraw-hill.com chapter to reinforce understanding.
used in modern electronics, such as the
ISBN# 0-072-45636-1 The author begins the book by laying
various types of sensor arrays used in elec-
760 pp. - $130 (Hardcover + CD), 2002 the foundation for magnetics, including
tronic imaging devices among others.
magnetostatics, exchange interactions,

July/August 2005 Vol. 21, No. 4 57

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