Anda di halaman 1dari 6

Manhours is a single word very commonly used to measure time, cost and effectiveness of supervision.

There are lot of books,literatures and theories available in the market but none of themlay downthe
design basis of calculation of the same. Why dont we put our experience inwriting here and find it out to
derieve itin a structure way.

I am writing down the samehereto start the discussioin rolling:

Based on our experience, we have worked out piping erection MHrs. norms as tabulated below:

Qty of erection: 48 IM, at elevation of 10 Mtr

Time
Sr. No. Activity Craft Qty MHrs
(Hrs.)
1 Scaffolding Scaffolders 6 8 48
Rigging of spool and Foreman: 0.5
2 4 3 12
placement in place Rigger: 4
Gascutter: 0.5
3 Bevelling of pipe 1 1 1
Grinder: 0.5
Fitter : 1
4 Alignment & Tack welding Helper: 1 3 2 6
Tack welder: 1
5 Contingency @ 20%* 13.4
Total 80.4
A MHrs. Per IM: 1.7

* Contingency for interruptioin in front/ modification / material handling delays etc.

Hope such experience sharing will make our decision backed up by confidence and accurate.
Remarks

For 48 IM
Pipeline Construction

Pipe welding is not that straight forward. You have a

number of welding passes to take into consideration,
then NDT and finally hydrotesting. I worked on a
pipeline construction project in Iraq and used the
following formulae to work out duration for the
welding.

The average welder can complete about 140 inches

of weld per hour in ordinary 1/4 inch wall line pipe.
Therefore, to find the output duration per day you
would need to:

Number of welds per hour is equal to = ((140/

((diameter of pipe - in inches)*3.14))).

This gives you an hourly rate of pipeline joints per

hour.
Times this by the number of hours in the shift to give
the daily rate.
You can work out how many sections in the run by
dividing the run by pipeline length (typically 12m).
Then divide this answer by the answer to the welds
per hour. This will give you the outline duration for
the
The welding.
welding runs normally follow each other so add
half a day lag for each pass (1 day extra).
Increase the overall duration by the estimated time
to string the pipeline.
NDT can happen while the welding is ongoing
(obviously on different sections of the pipeline). Add
a day overlap
Depending from
upon thethe welding
length, finishato
include complete
day to fill the
NDT.
pipeline for Hydrostatic Testing, a day to test and a
day
Thentoyou
drain.
will need to add in a day for hook up.

The welding duration will decrease if you have more

than 1 team completing the task.
We included an in country overhead factor which
reduced productivity by 40% to allow for the heat (it
was anything
Overall, upto
this rule of60 degrees
thumb in the
worked desert
very well.in
summer), they
Obviously, you did
will abelot of work up
rounding before thethan
rather sun came
up etc.
rounding down.
Additional...

I am involved in a number of pipelines across India

and when they deploy automatic welding they can
cover
Its 500m
a bit a day
slower on you
when 30inch
are pipe.
going over a mountain
range.