© All Rights Reserved

2 tayangan

© All Rights Reserved

- ASME Codal Design
- (the International Cryogenics Monograph Series) D. a. Wigley (Auth.)-Mechanical Properties of Materials at Low Temperatures-Springer US (1971)
- Rep-HS-model.pdf
- CSIR-NAL-AcSIR PhD Programme in Engineering and Sciences - Prospectus
- Case Studies Plastic Analysis
- Computational Study of Biaxial Sheet Metal Testing Effect of Different Cruciform Shapes on Strain Localization
- Evaluating the Integrity of Plain Dents
- Nonlinear FEM Strategies for Modeling Pipe-soil Interaction
- 021019_1.pdf
- SCMT LAB#1
- Tweel Traction Modeling Presentation
- Dual Phase Steel-micropillar
- 11661_2015_2880_Author
- Analysis of Elastic-plastic Interference-fit Joints
- Manila - Fb 15 Geas
- 8984-29366-1-PB
- 2 Bar problem detailed analysis.pdf
- 4 Determination of the Appropriate Plasticity
- The fracture mode in Al–Si–Mg casting alloys
- Zhang Santagiuliana Schrefler Implicit Integration Algorithm for an Enhanced Generalized Plasticity Constitutive Model of Partially Saturated Soils

Anda di halaman 1dari 6

LML, UMR CNRS, PolytechLille, France

ABSTRACT: This paper presents an elastoplastic model for unsaturated rocks. A short resume of experimental

investigations is presented in the first part. Based on experimental data and micromechanical considerations,

a general constitutive model for the poromechanical behavior of saturated and unsaturated rocks is presented.

The proposed model is formulated within the thermodynamic framework of porous media and aimed to describe

the main features observed in experimental data, in particular elastic degradation due to microcracks, coupling

between plastic deformation and induced damage, influence of water saturation on plastic flow and damage

evolution. The model is then applied to describe the behavior of an argillite in various conditions. Finally, the

performance of model is examined by comparing numerical simulation with test data.

be considered as a consequence of damage induced

This work has been preformed in the framework of by microcracks. Thus the basic behaviour of mate-

feasibility study of underground storage of radioactive rial can be characterized by important plastic stains,

wastes coordinated by the French Agence National de coupled with an induced damage due to microcracks.

Gestion des Dchets Radioactifs (ANDRA). Thanks Additionally the plastic behavior is strongly pressure

to its good geological properties (without major frac- sensitive and exhibits a transition from volumetric

tures), very low permeability and high mechanical compressibility to dilatancy.

strength; the argillite is chosen as one of possible In order to study the influence of water content

geometrical barriers. An underground laboratory is on mechanical behavior of argillite, several groups of

being constructed in the layer of argillite to per- samples were submitted to a constant relative humid-

form in situ thermo-hydromechanical experiments. In ity in order to reach desired water saturation degree.

this context, rocks are submitted to various coupled Three different ranges of water saturation degree were

perturbations such as mechanical loading, hydraulic selected. Four triaxial compression tests were real-

flow, desaturation and resaturation, and temperature ized for each range. The experimental data show

variation etc. In such a multidisciplinary research that the macroscopic failure stress decreases and the

project, one of the essential tasks is to physically argillite become more ductile when the water saturated

understand and mathematical describe the mechan- degree increase. Moreover, the initial elastic modu-

ical behavior of material in coupled conditions. As lus increases with the water saturation degree while

a part of these tasks, the purpose of our work is to Poissons ratio slightly decreases. As indicated in the

propose a constitutive model for the description of experimental tests, the moisture content has a sig-

hydromechanical behavior of argillite in isothermal nificant influence on the mechanical behavior of the

condition. argillite. The main factor of the dependency is the vari-

ation of capillary pressure during drying and wetting.

Then the proposed model should describe coupled

2 SUMMARY OF EXPERIMENTAL DATA hydromechanical responses in such specific struc-

tures. An elastoplastic damage model for unsaturated

Experimental tests have been conducted on argillite rocks should be formed.

in various loading conditions. The basic mechanical

behavior of this rock shows two basic phenomena.

First, large residual strains are obtained in all the tests 3 CONSTITUTIVE MODEL

including the uniaxial test. In connection with micro-

scopic analysis of argillite, such irreversible strains In this section, an elastoplastic damage model is for-

are essentially related to plastic deformation. Sec- mulated to describe mechanical behavior of saturated

ondly, a progressive decrease of the elastic stiffness and partially saturated rock. Under the assumption

497

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

of small strains, the following partition rules are induced damage, these parameters are further func-

assumed: tions of plastic deformations and damage variable. In

the case of porous media saturated by three fluid phase

(liquid water, vapour and dry air), Biot coefficients bi

and Nij are functions of the liquid saturation degree Slq ,

the derivative of water retention curve, the volumet-

3.1 Non-linear poroelastic behavior ric compressibility of constituents, and the porosity of

The rock is considered as a porous medium composed the porous media. Suitable experimental tests should

of a deformable matrix, and can be saturated by a be performed for the determination of these parame-

compressible liquid (subscript lq) in equilibrium with ters. Due to thermodynamic equilibrium between the

its vapor (subscript vp).The vapor forms an ideal gas liquid water and its vapour, the vapour pressure can

mixture (subscript gz) with the dry air (subscript da). be related to the liquid pressure by using the Kelvins

Darcys law and Ficks law are respectively used for relation:

the conduction of liquid and the diffusion of the

vapor in the gas mixture. The present study is limited

to isothermal conditions. Three general conservation

equations concern respectively: the momentum of the

multiphase medium, the dry air mass and the water

where p0vp and p0lq are reference pressures for the vapor

species mass (liquid and vapor). Before describing the

plastic deformation and damage evolution, the poro- and the liquid, respectively, in thermodynamic equi-

ol

elastic behavior of partially saturated media should be librium. Mvp , R and T are the molar mass of vapor, the

defined. The non-linear isotropic poroelastic consti- universal gas constant and the absolute temperature.

tutive equation for partially saturated media (Coussy In the ideal gas mixture, the total gas pressure ver-

1995, Coussy et al. 1998) can be written incrementally ifies pgz = pvp + pda . Therefore, the gas pressure and

as (, = lq, vp, da, summation on ): the liquid pressure can be used as two independent state

variables of partially saturated media. The constitutive

equations (1a) can be written as follows:

tions can also be expressed in terms of the capillary

pressure, defined as pcp = pgz plq :

the classical Biots model for saturated medium, it is

where m , sij , eij , v , pi , mi , i denote, respectively, the

possible to extend the concept of effective stress tensor

mean stress, the deviatoric stress tensor, the deviatoric

to poroelastic behavior of partially saturated media.

strain tensor, the volumetric strain, the partial pres-

sure, the fluid mass variation and the volumetric mass

of the ith fluid phase. K0 and K are the drained and 3.2 Poroplastic behavior

undrained bulk moduli.G is the shear modulus. bi is

Like most rocks, the plastic deformation depends on

the Biots coefficient related to the fluid phase i. Mij

pore pressures (gas and liquid) in saturated and par-

represent the Biot moduli between the fluid phase i and

tially saturated condition. These pressure should be

j. By inverting equation (3), the fluid mass variations

considered as independent forces, like stress tensor, in

can be expressed in terms of elastic strains and partial

the formulation of yield function and plastic poten-

pressures:

tial. However, by taking a similar way to saturated

porous media, the stress equivalence principle pro-

vides a useful way to extend plastic models for dry

materials to partially saturated materials. In this prin-

ciple, a suitable effective stress tensor is defined for

where Nij are the dual coefficients to the Biot mod- the formulation of plastic functions. Various forms of

uli Mij . In the general case, the poroelastic parameters such a effective stress tensor may be proposed. From

bi , (or Mij ) are functions of partial pressures, tempera- the theoretical point of view, the existence and valid-

ture and elastic strains. For elastoplastic materials with ity of effective stresses is still an open topic for the

498

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

plastic modeling of saturated and partially saturated locus on the deviatoric plane. Various forms are avail-

porous media (Schrefler and Gawin 1996; Lydzba and able in literature (see for example Van Eekelen 1980).

Shao 2000). In this model, an effective stress ten- However, for the reason of simplicity, we have taken

sor is defined for partially saturated media from the g() = 1.Rc is the uniaxial compression strength of

extension of the classic Terzaghi effective stress for material. The parameter Cs denotes the coefficient of

saturated media: cohesion of material.

The plastic strain hardening is presented by the

increasing function p of the generalized plastic distor-

tion p . According to the experimental data obtained

on the argillite (Chiarelli, 2000), the following form is

Further, argillite is a friction cohesion material. In

used:

this work, we put the emphasis on the poromechanical

behavior and plastic damage coupling. The description

of plastic behavior is simplified and only the major fea-

tures are taken into account. The material is weakened

by a set of microcracks. The damage induces the redis-

tribution of stresses inside intact material bounds. The

plastic deformation is then coupled with the damage

evolution. Using the framework of continuum dam-

age mechanics, the conception of effective stress for where B is a parameter controlling the rate of plas-

damaged materials is used to describe this coupling. tic hardening. The hardening function p varies from

In isotopic case, the effective stress for non saturated 0 to 1. The function p is introduced to describe

damaged rocks is defined by: strong pressure sensitivity of argillite, which is con-

trolled by the parameter 1 . For most geomaterials

under compressive stresses, a non-associated plastic

flow rule should be used in order to correctly capture

the transition from plastic compressibility to dilatancy.

According to the previous work by Pietruszczak et al.

(1998), the following logarithmic function is used as

plastic potential:

is introduced to account for unilateral effect due to

The variable P 0 defines the intersection point between

closure of microcracks. We notice that the initial bulk The compressibil-

the potential locus and axis P.

modulus is entirely recovered after closure of micro-

ity/dilatancy transition occurs on the locus where

cracks while the shear module remains damaged. Two

parameters and characterize degradation of elastic

g

P

= 0. For the sake of simplicity, a linear function

properties due to damage. On the basis of experimental is used:

data from argillites and adaptation of the plastic model

proposed by Pietruszczak et al. (1998) for concrete, the

yield surface is described by the following non-linear The constant gives the slope of transition locus.

function: The plastic flow rule is given by:

where q being the deviatoric stress, p the effective Like most geomaterials, induced damage is gen-

mean stress of damaged material and the Lodes erally anisotropic due to oriented distribution of

angle. The function g() defines the dependency of microcracks. However, for the sake of simplicity, we

plastic yield on the third stress invariant. Its partic- assume an isotropic distribution of microcracks for

ular form can be identified from experimental yield the argillite. The scale damage variable is then related

499

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

to the microcrack density defined by d = Na3 / 60

3-1(MPa)

where being the representative volume element

failure surface

(RVE), N the number of cracks in each orientation 50

and a the radius of penny shaped cracks. The charac-

terization of damage evolution is based on the damage 40

model proposed by Mazars (1984). Moreover, the con-

tribution of plastic deformation to damage evolution C/D transition line

should be taken into account. It is assumed that the 30

damage evolution depends on both elastic strain and

plastic strain. The damage criterion is then expressed 20

as follows:

10

-m(MPa)

0

-10 0 10 20 30 40 50

ibility/dilatancy line for argillite during drained triaxial

compression tests.

argillite.

where D is defined as the driving force for damage

evolution. D0 is the initial damage threshold. A1 and E = 7400 MPa Rc = 25.5MPa A1 = 0.97

= 0.17 A = 3.25 B1 = 2.0

B1 control the damage evolution rate. The function d

Cs = 0.1 D0 = 1.0E 4

is introduced to account for the pressure dependency B = 7.0E 4 2 = 1.0

of damage. In the case of non-viscous dissipation, = 1.3 = 1.0

the damage evolution law is derived from the damage = 1.0 = 1.0

criterion:

of stressstrain curves of the first loading-unloading

cycle. For most rocks, the elastic parameters vary with

The loading unloading condition for damage is given the confining pressure and the water saturation degree.

by the so called Kuhn-Tucker relations: The variation is not detailed here because the emphasis

is put on the plasticity and damage. The parameterRc is

identified by the peak stress in the stressstrain curve

of uniaxial compression test. The two parameters

(A, Cs ) characterizing the failure surface are fitted

from peak stresses obtained in triaxial compression

By using the plastic flow rule, the damage evolution tests. The plastic hardening parameterBcan be iden-

law and the constitutive equations for dry materials, tified by drawing p versus the generalized plastic

the drained tangent elastic stiffness tensor of damaged shear stain p . By identifying the stress point where

material can be determined. the plastic volumetric strain rate is close to zero on

stressstrain curves, the parameter is obtained. Base

on the experimental data, the threshold of damage d0 is

4 PARAMETERS IDENTIFICATION fitted as the initial value of equivalent strain D when

the damage occurs in the material. In order to deter-

The proposed model contains 14 parameters: two mine the parameter A1 and B1 , the evolution of damage

elastic parameters for intact material (E, ), six according to equivalent strain D is necessary.A simple

parameters for characterization of plastic behavior compression test can be used to identify this evo-

(A, Rc , Cs , B, , 1 ), and six parameters for damage lution. The corresponding compressibility dilatancy

characterization (A1 , B1 , d0 , 2 , , ). All the para- transition line and failure surface are illustrated in

meters of model can be identified from a series of Figure 1.

triaxial compression tests with different confining In Table 1, the representative values of model are

pressures and uniaxial compression test. The initial presented for the argillite in saturated condition.

500

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

45 13(Pa) 30 3(MPa)

30 20

Pc = 5MPa 10

15

3(%) 1(%)

3(%) 1(%) 0

0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6

-1.5 -0.5 0.5 1.5 2.5

Figure 3. Simulation of lateral extension test with an initial

Figure 2a. Simulation of triaxial compression test with confining pressure of 30 MPa.

confining pressure of 5 MPa.

160 1(Pa)

60 13(Pa)

120

40

80

K = 2.2

Pc = 10MPa 40

20

3(%) 1(%)

0

3(%) 1(%) -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5

0

-2 -1 0 1 2 3 Figure 4. Simulation of a proportional compression test

with a stress ration K = 2.2.

Figure 2b. Simulation of triaxial compression test with

confining pressure of 10 MPa. experimental data are shown in Figure 2a and 2b for

two different confining pressures.

5 NUMERICAL SIMULATION There is a good agreement between the numerical

simulations and the experimental data. As the triax-

Argillite samples were drilled from three different ial compression tests have been used to determine

depths in the site of the underground laboratory con- the models parameters, this comparison represents the

ducted by ANDRA in the Eastern France (Chiarelli verification of the consistency of the parameters.

2000). However, the differences of the mechanical In Figure 3, a lateral extension test is simulated.

behaviors between different depths are qualitatively In this test, the sample is first submitted to a hydro-

similar with only small quantitative scatters. There- static stress state, the lateral stress is then decreased

fore, the experimental data from the three depths are by keep the axial stress constant. We can notice a

superposed here to represent the averaged data of quite good agreement between numerical simulation

the argillite. The differences between three depths are and experimental test.

considered as inside the natural uncertainty of exper- A proportional loading test is presented in Fig-

imental data. According to the water continent in situ ure 4. In this test, the axial stress and lateral stress

and the porosity estimation, the argillite samples can are simultaneously increased with a constant ration

be seen as saturated in the initial condition (ANDRA (k = 1 /3 ) Again the simulation is in accordance with

1998). A series of triaxial compression tests have the experimental data. The proposed model is capable

been performed on the samples with natural saturation to correctly describe the basic mechanical behavior of

(Chiarelli 2000). The obtained data have been used for material.

the determination of parameters of the model. By using In order to study the influence of water satura-

the parameters given in Table 1, simulations of triaxial tion degree on the mechanical behavior of argillites,

compression tests are performed. Comparisons with three triaxial compression tests with different water

501

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

45 (Pa) water saturation degree decreases. However, the mate-

1 3

rial strength becomes more brittle in nature. There is

Slq = 60%

also a good qualitatively agreement between simula-

Slq = 77% tions and experiment data. In a word, the capillary

30 effect on mechanical behavior of argillites seems to

Slq = 100% be correctly described. There are scatters between the

data and simulations, but they can be easily reduced

by using improved description of capillary effects form

15 more completed test data.

Pc = 2MPa

3(%) 1(%)

6 CONCLUSIONS

0

-1 0 1 2 3

A new coupled elastoplastic model is proposed for

Figure 5a. Simulation of a triaxial compression test modeling of poromechanical behavior of partially

(Pc = 2 MPa) with different water saturation degree. saturated rocks. Comparisons between numerical sim-

ulations and test data have been presented for var-

50 ious loading paths in saturated and partially satu-

1 3(Pa)

rated conditions. The model is capable to describe

Slq = 607% main responses of non saturated rocks, for example,

40

Slq = 77% elastoplastic deformation, pressure sensitivity, plastic

compressibility and dilatancy, degradation of elas-

30 Slq = 100% tic properties and the capillary effect. The proposed

model will be extended to involve thermal effects.

20 Some specific in-situ thermo-hydromechanical exper-

iments are expected in the underground research

Pc = 5MPa

laboratory by ANDRA. The proposed model will be

10

checked against the data obtained from these experi-

3(%) 1(%) ments and some improvement can be then performed.

0

-1.5 -0.5 0.5 1.5 2.5 3.5

(Pc = 5 MPa) with different water saturation degree.

Bossart P., Meier M., Moeri A., Trick Th., Mayor J.C. (2002),

60 Geological and hydraulic characterisation of the excava-

1 3(Pa) tion disturbed zone in the Opalinus Clay of the Mont Terri

Rock Laboratory, Engineering Geology 66, 1938.

50 Chiarelli A.S. (2000), Experimental investigation and con-

Slq = 60% stitutive modeling of coupled elastoplastic damage in

40 hard claystones, Doctoral thesis (in French), University

Slq = 77%

of Lille.

30 Slq = 100% Coussy O. (1995), Mechanics of porous continua. J. Wiley &

Sons.

20 Coussy O., Eymard R. and Lassabatre T. (1998). Consitutive

modelling of unsaturated drying deformable materials.

Pc = 10MPa J. of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, 124 (6), 658667.

10

Schrefler B. and Gawin D. (1996). The effective stress prin-

3(%) 1(%) ciple: incremental or finite form. Int. J. for numerical and

0 analytical methods in Geomechanics 27(3), 785814.

-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Lydzba D. and Shao J.F. (2000), Study of poroelasticity mate-

rial coefficients as response of microstructure, Mechanics

Figure 5c. Simulation of a triaxial compression test of Cohesive-Frictional Material, 5(2), 149171.

(Pc = 10 MPa) with different water saturation degree. Mazars J. (1984) Application de la mcanique de

lendommagement non linaire et la rupture du bton

saturation degree are simulated and shown in Fig- de structure. Thse de Doctorat dEtat de lUniversit de

ures 5a5c. The material strength increases when the Paris (in French).

502

Copyright 2005 Taylor & Francis Group plc, London, UK

- ASME Codal DesignDiunggah olehRamesh Tadicherla
- (the International Cryogenics Monograph Series) D. a. Wigley (Auth.)-Mechanical Properties of Materials at Low Temperatures-Springer US (1971)Diunggah olehdeepakroy1984
- Rep-HS-model.pdfDiunggah oleh-
- CSIR-NAL-AcSIR PhD Programme in Engineering and Sciences - ProspectusDiunggah olehpdmnbrao
- Case Studies Plastic AnalysisDiunggah olehYugandhar Damalla
- Computational Study of Biaxial Sheet Metal Testing Effect of Different Cruciform Shapes on Strain LocalizationDiunggah olehmrbeegz
- Evaluating the Integrity of Plain DentsDiunggah olehgykatai
- Nonlinear FEM Strategies for Modeling Pipe-soil InteractionDiunggah olehCristian Velasquez Peña
- 021019_1.pdfDiunggah olehM Hadyan Muslihan
- SCMT LAB#1Diunggah olehNicole Harripersad
- Tweel Traction Modeling PresentationDiunggah olehprasanthj45
- Dual Phase Steel-micropillarDiunggah olehSuresh Babu
- 11661_2015_2880_AuthorDiunggah olehSugrib K Shaha
- Analysis of Elastic-plastic Interference-fit JointsDiunggah olehParag Naik
- Manila - Fb 15 GeasDiunggah olehJohn Brix Balisteros
- 8984-29366-1-PBDiunggah olehJMPCalcao
- 2 Bar problem detailed analysis.pdfDiunggah olehMohammed Eljammal
- 4 Determination of the Appropriate PlasticityDiunggah olehAngga Fajar Setiawan
- The fracture mode in Al–Si–Mg casting alloysDiunggah olehtumoye
- Zhang Santagiuliana Schrefler Implicit Integration Algorithm for an Enhanced Generalized Plasticity Constitutive Model of Partially Saturated SoilsDiunggah olehKurt Cargo
- Stress Analysis in Solidification Processes Application to Continuous CastingDiunggah olehEmerson Edilson
- Green 2004Diunggah olehSayyadh Rahamath Baba
- 1-s2.0-S0167663604000055-main.pdfDiunggah olehhasib_07
- A finite element study of the e#ect of friction.pdfDiunggah olehJuri Jurie
- Analytical Considerations for the Design of Reinforced Concrete Walls in ChileDiunggah olehcontrerasc_sebastian988
- Hanafy2018 Chapter EgyptianCodeSeismicLoadDesignPDiunggah olehhytham
- Prediction of Joint Strength and Effect of the Surface Treatment on the Single Overlap Adhesive JointsDiunggah olehFilipe Giesteira
- Angelica_PaperMD.pdfDiunggah olehMemo Rosales
- Lecture 7 - Static Failure TheoriesDiunggah olehBrian Zachariah Du
- Full TextDiunggah olehraajeeradha

- Engineering Formulas by Kurt Gieck and Reiner GieckDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- Chapter3 Boring Log Preparation 1 3 2017 2Diunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech085.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech074.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech095.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech098.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech080.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech093.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech089.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech097.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech088.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech090.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech094.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech087.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech091.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech092.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech086.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech079.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech076.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech081.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech078.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech084.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech082.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech077.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech012Diunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech072.pdfDiunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech068Diunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- NOE0415380416%2Ech070Diunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar

- 1 GE DBR 7002 R0 20130614Diunggah olehsatoni12
- Materi Pelatihan UniSimDiunggah olehAditya Kurniawan
- UT Dallas Syllabus for mech3315.001.11f taught by Wonjae Choi (wxc111930)Diunggah olehUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- Atlas-of-stress-strain-curves ocr.pdfDiunggah olehAnonymous TExy5Y0bsv
- Quick Start — FLOW-3D v11.1Diunggah olehXinwei Li
- NOE0415380416%2Ech057Diunggah olehUmed Abd-alsatar
- Tutorial 2 ThermodynamicsDiunggah olehKhairul Fitry
- Assignment_2.docxDiunggah olehblackbeauty14
- ANSYS Mechanical APDL Acoustic Analysis GuideDiunggah olehadnan_ais123
- spd.pdfDiunggah olehOsama Mohammed
- Metering Ultra SonicDiunggah olehMostafa Nabil
- Geology AssignmentDiunggah olehAmir Sultan
- section1.2Diunggah olehLee VI
- Modeling of Anisotropic Hardening of Sheet Metals Including Description of the Bauschinger EffectDiunggah olehmrbeegz
- CPT Performance Curves ISO 50Hz 60Hz EnDiunggah olehEfosaUwaifo
- Investigatory ProjectDiunggah olehtilapi
- solubility FESO4Diunggah olehJesse Johnson
- Exam 5 Chm 12 Set A documentDiunggah olehvon_science08
- Drag Force ReportDiunggah olehMateus Rodrigues
- BDA+30603Diunggah olehBryon Dean
- PSE_BP_6Diunggah olehDxtr Medina
- Natatorium Dehumidifier Design ManualDiunggah olehconstantin_ghiban
- Engg Mtls Chapter2Diunggah olehiamback09
- Experiment 6 Compressive StressDiunggah olehRicky Jay
- Cfd Study for Assessment of Axial Thrust Balance in Centrifugal Multistage PumpsDiunggah olehNavaneeth Krishnan Nair
- Calculating Indoor Temperature and Humidity LoadsDiunggah olehAhmad Bhd
- Mechanical Properties and DefintionDiunggah olehSiva Sundaram
- EntropyDiunggah olehVenkatesh Mk
- 077_094_ingDiunggah olehDiego Rueda
- Fluid Mechanics Ideas For SchoolDiunggah olehJonathan Neuro