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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 04, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Arduino Based Smart Prepaid Energy Meter using GSM Technology


Shraddha Yadav1 Prateeksha Pandey2
2
Assistant Professor
1,2
Department of Computer Science & Engineering
1,2
CSIT, Durg (India)
Abstract In this system a smart energy meter is installed in
every consumer unit and a server is maintained at the II. RELATED WORK
service provider side Power utilities in different countries A smart energy meter based prepaid electricity distribution
especially in the developing ones are incurring huge losses system has been proposed by (Yadav, Sharma 2015). It
due to electricity theft. Both the meter and the server are consists of an energy meter, ARM7 microcontroller board,
equipped with GSM module which facilitates bidirectional GSM module, EEPROM, keypad and LCD display. Here,
communication between the two ends using the existing one has to purchase a scratch card of requires amount and
GSM infrastructure. Pilferage of electricity can be enter its serial number into the system using keypad and
substantially reduced by incorporating the proposed LCD display.
measures along with the prepaid metering scheme. Legal The authors (Hiware, Bhaskar, Bombale & Kumar
actions against dishonest consumers can also be taken in this 2013) have been proposed a scheme where it consists of
system. The Accurate metering and billing of actual energy wireless meter, server, PIC microcontroller, three 8 bit ports,
consumed by consumers is integrate to commercial one 6 bit and one three bit port so total 33 I/O lines, ADE
management of an electric utility. Power utilities in different 7757, 8 KB of program memory and 368 data memory.
countries especially the developing ones are incurring huge The authors (Jubi, & john 2013) have been
losses due to electricity theft. The elec. The electrical grid in proposed a scheme where it consist of consumers hold credit
most of the developing countries has inefficiencies in and then use the electricity until the credit is exhausted. If
different areas such as transmission and distribution, power the available credit is exhausted then the electricity supply is
quality, grid reliability and system protection. cutoff by a relay.
Key words: Microcontroller, Prepaid Meter, GSM The authors (Islam, Mamun 2015) have been
Networks, SMS, Smart Energy Meter proposed a scheme it developed the EDU, where consist of
Microcontroller Atmega32, Energy Metering IC ADE7755
I. INTRODUCTION and LCD display is used to display the balance amount.
This project provides the facility of measuring the This paper present the prepaid energy meter is technique
consumption of electricity and continuously monitoring the which is cost efficient and can reduce problem associated
unit of consumption of electricity by the meter and includes with billing and also reduces deployment of manpower for
security theft of electricity. The Electricity theft has as a taking meter readings (Deepakumar, Latha 2015). The
serious problem in power sectors especially in the energy meter consists of a microcontroller (ATmega 32,
developing countries. Electricity theft includes fortify meter energy measuring chip (ADE7751) GSM module, MAX232,
to show a low meter reading, take electricity bypassing a LCD display and a relay.
meter, billing irregularities and unpaid bill. A huge amount
of earnings is lost due to electricity theft. In some countries III. PROPOSED METHOD
this is so grave that governments are incurring losses instead In this system of prepaid electricity scheme various
of revenue. In some cases government has to provide researchers have done work on various techniques. But on
allowance to fonts for investments to maintain a reasonable keeping in mind the present scenario, we have tried to
price of electricity. Different non technical and technical develop a new system which uses prepaid electricity and
method was initiate in past to detect electricity theft non work on smart meter for better uses and control the
technical methods may include inspection of the customers electricity.
with suspicious load profile. Although regular inspection
can substantially reduce theft, such measure require large
manpower and huge labor. Such effort also fails in most
cases due to the dishonesty of the staffs. Some of the
technical ways to detect theft are use of central observer
meter at dishonesty of the staffs .some of technical ways to
detect meter tempering e are use of central observer meter
at secondary terminal of distribution transformer, harmonic
generator, genetic support vector ,achiness,, extreme
learning machine and power line impedance technique.
Electricity meter are typically calibrated in billing units, the
most common one being the Kilowatt hour[kHz]. Periodic
readings of electric meters establish billing cycles and
energy used during a cycle, the cycle generally extending
for a month.
Fig. 1: Block diagram of prepaid electricity billing scheme

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Arduino Based Smart Prepaid Energy Meter using GSM Technology
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 04/2016/371)

The system implements the prepaid electricity


billing scheme using GSM, and embedded system. The
objective of providing easily the electricity by recharge
meter save lot of time, money, human power and save
electricity and control consumption of electricity of
consumer.
The system is comprised of three phases, in the
first phase the user send a request for electricity through
SMS, in second phase service provider receive SMS and
perform matching function and in third phase in service
provider recharge the meter.
Embedded system means microcontroller is the
interface of meter and GSM modem. So that it continuously
monitors electricity consumption. In this complete approach
communication established between power station, meter
and user using a GSM modem Fig. 3: Setup during electricity consumption in consumer
side
IV. RESULTS It is experimentally observed that this method gives
This approach controls the uses of electricity consumption. better values than previous methods. Comparison of cost of
All the functions are completely based on embedded system GSM shown in form of graph in figure 1.4 (X axis having
and GSM modem. Complete implementation is divided into GSM and Y axis having corresponding cost of those
three phases:- parameter.
1) Complete setup for service provider.
2) Complete setup for consumer.
3) User.
Figure 5.1 shows complete setup for service
provider. It includes a GSM modem to send and receive.
RS232 serial port is used, it is used for serial data
transmission. Serial communication established between
service provider and user using MATLAB. MATLAB
(Matrix Laboratory)

Fig. 4: Cost comparisons of GSM


In figure 1.5 X axis is showing microcontroller and
Y axis is showing corresponding cost. This graph is show
previous and proposed method microcontroller cost.

Fig. 2: Setup for service provider


In this approach we have performed the
improvement of smartness of normal meter. This step shows
interfacing of microcontroller and GSM modem. So that
apply this scheme to improve the smartness of normal
meter. Figure 1.3 is showing working mode of meter.
Complete setup is including the normal meter interfacing
with microcontroller, GSM modem, LCD and electricity
consumption component. LCD is used to the consumption of Fig. 5: Comparisons for cost of microcontroller
electricity.
This figure shows recharge SMS of meter from
service provider by sending the SMS to meter. LCD display
the service provider recharge successfully.

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Arduino Based Smart Prepaid Energy Meter using GSM Technology
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 04/2016/371)

[4] Ganurkar, S., & Gour, P. (2014). Prepaid Energy Meter


for Billing System Using Microcontroller and Recharge
Card. International Journal Of Core Engineering &
Management(IJCEM) 1, Issue 1, April.
[5] Hiware, R.B., Bhasker, P. Bombole, U., & Kumar, N.
A. (2013). Advance Low Cost Electricity Billing
System using GSM. International Journal of Advanced
Engineering Technology,vol.-4, pp 51-53.
[6] Hashmi, M. U., & Jayesh, G.P. (2015). Anti-theft
Energy Metering for Smart Electrical Distribution
System. International Conference on Industrial
Instrumentation and Control(ICIC) ,May 28-30.
[7] Islam, M. R., Mamun, H. L. (2015). Energy
Understanding Device (EUD): An Innovative Energy
Metering and Monitoring Solution:Perspective
Bangladesh. Journal of Modern Science and
Fig. 6: Cost comparisons of meter Technology.Vol. 3. No. 1, Pp.47-63.
Figure 1.6 is showing graph for cost of meter i.e. [8] Iqba, H. M. Z., Waseem, M., & Dr. Mohmood, T.
Technology and meter cost is comparison of previous (2014). Automatic Energy Meter Reading using Smart
method and proposed method Energy Meter.
[9] Jain, A., & Kumar, D., & Kedia, K. (2012). Design and
V. CONCLUSION Development of GSM based Energy Meter.
The design of Smart Energy Meter using GSM technology International Journal of Computer Applications
facilitate the users to pay for the electricity before its ,Volume 47 No.12.
consumption. An arrangement is also made to intimate the [10] Jubi, K., & John, M. (2013). Prepaid Energy Meter with
user with the help of GSM communication module when GSM Technology. American International Journal of
credit in their balance goes low. This system has been Research in Science, Technology, Engineering &
proposed as an innovative solution to the problem of Mathematics, pp 13-271.
affordability in utilities system. Since a microcontroller [11] Karthiga, S., Vignesh, S., Vignesh, S., & Thomas, K.
based system is being designed, the readings can be (2007). Automatic Energy Calculation Through
continuously recorded. This reduces human labor and at the Wireless Smart Meter Using Zigbee. International
same time increases the efficiency in calculation of bills for Journal of Computer Science & Communication
used electricity. Networks, Vol 3(2), pp 117-125.
[12] Mohammad, N., Barua, A. & Arafat, M.A. (2013). A
VI. SCOPE FOR FUTURE WORKS smart Prepaid Energy Metering System to Control
Electricity Theft. International Conference on Power,
1) Introduce advance technology to converting dc voltage
Energy and Control, 978-4673-6030-2/13, pp 562-565.
in ac voltage.
[13] R. D., & E. S. (2014). Smart Energy Meter with Instant
2) In future, this project can be used to measuring natural Billing and Payment. International Journal of
gas or water consumption. Innovative Research in Computer and Communication
3) All the system can be converted to provide a online
Engineering, Vol.2, Special Issue 1.
facility.
4) To send all information in form of voice message.
5) Reduce theft of electricity, if we design a security key
attached with all electric components and meters

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