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Unit 15: Understand Safeguarding of

Children and Young People (for those

Working in the Adult Sector)

Unit reference number: Y/602/2860

QCF level: 3
Credit value: 1
Guided learning hours: 10



ACCOMPLISHED ON: 26/01/2017-.31/01/2017

Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young Peoples Services (England) (QCF) Page 1 of 8
1.1 Explain the policies, procedures and practices for safe working with
Children and young people

In favour of the safety and security of the children and young people we must
implement the policies, procedures and the laws to uphold young peoples
safety and wellbeing. Children and young peoples safety and security are
always paramount for practitioners and service providers. Government laws
policies and procedures help children to flourish in a safe environment (,

The following laws must be followed in order to ensure the safety of the
children and young people and also for safeguarding and promoting their

Children Act (2004)

Children Act 1989
Working Together to Safeguard Children ( 2010 )
Safeguarding Children Across Services ( 2012 )
Every Child Matters ( 2003 )
Human Right Act ( 1998 )
Data Protection Act (1985 )
Safeguarding Disabled Children (2009) The UN Convention on the Right
of a Child (1989 )

The main purpose of all the laws are to;

protect children from abuse and maltreatment

prevent harm to childrens health or development

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ensuring children grow up with the provision of safe and effective care

Taking action to enable all children and young people to have the best

Policies and procedures are also vital for ensuring children and young peoples
safety. In every setting there should be on display or on view a policy and
procedure folder. Purpose of this is to ensure parents, cares and others on how
their children will be looked after safely by upholding their dignity and
wellbeing (Smith, 1999).

In my setting, we have a free flow system that enables the children to access all
our centre facilities without causing any harm or limiting their liberty. My
setting always adheres to any changes and requirements introduced by
government or our regulators. Alongside implementing government laws,
policies and procedures when creating our additional policies, we also
incorporate the policies and procedures of local authority. The purpose of
creating policies and procedures in line with the national and local guidelines is
to provide a safe and secure environment to our children and young people. It is
also an obligation to comply with the policies and procedures set by the
government as well as the local authorities.

Child protection statement

Child protection procedure/policy
CCTV policy
Policy for doors with high door handles
Policies for doors with mag lock and combination lock

2.1 Describe the possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviors that
May cause concern in the context of safeguarding

Safeguarding is the action to take in order to protect a children or young person

from abuse and maltreatment and also to prevent harm to childrens health or
development .Safeguarding also required to promote the welfare of children and
protect them from harm. Safeguarding action always taken for the best interest
of the child and also to get the best outcomes
(, 2017).

Children and young people are always vulnerable to all forms of harms and
therefore it is paramount to ensure their safety. As professional it is my duty to

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identify the signs and symptoms of abuse, neglect and all kinds of harms to
children and young people in order to ensure their safety and wellbeing.

A child can be harmed in different ways and forms and by different people. The
following signs should be considered as safeguarding concern however
sometimes this may or may not be indicators that abuse has taken place
(Griffith, 2009).

Signs of physical abuse

Any unexplained injuries

Injuries which occur to the body in places which are not normally
exposed to falls or through games
Injuries which left without medical attention
Bruises, bites, burns and fractures, for example, which do not have an
accidental explanation
Childs inconsistent accounts for the cause of injuries
Signs of sexual abuse

Withdrawn from regular activities
Repeated urinary infections or unexplained stomach pains
Severe sleep disorders
Eating disorders
Always in a state of fear
Signs of possible emotional abuse

Depression, aggression, extreme anxiety, changes or regression in mood

or behaviour
lack of concentration
Seeking adult attention and not mixing well with other children
Sleep or speech disorders
Extreme shyness
Running away, stealing and lying

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Signs of neglect

Dirty skin, body smells, unwashed and uncombed hair

Dirty clothing, Over or under size cloths or inappropriate for weather
Frequently left unsupervised or alone
Frequent diarrhoea
Frequent tiredness
Untreated illnesses, infected cuts or physical complaints which the carer
does not respond to
Frequent hunger

2.2 Describe the actions to take if a child or young person alleges harm or
Abuse in line with policies and procedures of own setting

My work place Discover Home believes that child or young person should
never experience abuse of any kind. We have a responsibility to promote the
welfare of all children and young people and to keep them safe. We are
committed to practice in a way that protects them. ( Discovery Home policy

If there is any scenario where safeguarding concern needs to be raised my

setting committed to work towards safeguarding the childrens and our practice
guidelines are in line with government legislation such as, Children act
1989,Working together to safeguard children 2010, Every child matters 2003.
We also follow Tower Hamlets LSCB procedures for staff in school, social care,
and education setting as well as London child protection procedures. According
to Discovery Home safeguarding policy

Staff working in Discovery Home should not attempt to investigate a

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child protection matter
Staff must report soon as possible
Management to establish sufficient details and information for a
decision to be made about making referral
Information must be shared with statutory agencies
Medical assessment should be carried out by statutory agencies
consulting parents/cares
All allegation must be reported to the childrens allocated social workers
Record accurate information

It is always possible that in our course of work with a child she/he may disclose
that physical or sexual abuse has occurred. If this appears to happening than the
following I should do according to Discovery Home policy on Disclosure of

I must not promise the child that we will keep it to ourselves. I must
make it clear that I cannot promise confidentiality-I have to share it what
we have been told.
Let the child know that I am listening and I cannot be judgmental.
Let the child know that the perpetrators action were wrong and the child
is not to be blame
Let the child know that I am pleased that she/he has been able to tell me
Write down whatever child said using his/her own words as far as
possible. Also note down the date, time ,place and the personnel present

If a project worker suspects that abuse may have occurred he/she should discuss
the reason for these suspicions with the unit manager and ask for advice. The
written report should be sent via the Director or Residential manager of
Discovery Home to the allocated Social workers. ( Discovery Home Policy

2.3 Explain the rights that children, young people and their families have
In situations where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged

There are number of laws to protect childrens rights and ensure their safety
from any kind of harm such as;

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Children Act 2004, Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006, Protection of
Freedoms Act 2012, Education Act 2002,Children and Young Persons Act 2008,
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), Equality Act
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) All these laws and policies are
to protect children and their families and their rights

In cases of alleged abuse or harm children and young people have the right to be
protected from significant harm under the childrens act 1989, every child
matters 2004 and the UNCRC. They have the right to be involved in decisions
that are being made about them and should be kept fully informed of processes
involving them, while also being allowed to express their own views and

A child or young person who is suspected of being abused then the primary
concern will to ensure that the child is protected from further abuse and the
childs welfare will be the priority. Wherever possible the child may be allowed
to remain in their family home and protection will be achieved by working with
the childs parents or carers without the need to remove the child. However, if
they are suffering from physical or sexual abuse then they will be removed from
their home to protect them from any further harm (NSPCC, 2017).

Parents or carers have a right to be informed what is being said and to

contribute their own views and opinions, however if the child or young person
is suffering significant harm then the parents or carers have no immediate rights


Griffith, R. (2009). Safeguarding children from significant harm. British

Journal of Midwifery, 17(1), pp.58-59. (2017). Safeguarding children and young people - GOV.UK. [online]

Available at:
children-and-young-people/safeguarding-children-and-young-people [Accessed
31 Jan. 2017]. (2017). Recognising signs of abuse.

[online] Available at:
abuse.html [Accessed 31 Jan. 2017].

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NSPCC. (2017). Safeguarding children. [online] Available at:
wod4LgN-Q&gclsrc=aw.ds [Accessed 31 Jan. 2017].

Smith, R. (1999). Safeguarding children: a new agenda?. Children & Society,

13(2), pp.142-144.

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