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User Manual

Single Valve Steam Turbine Governor


Catalog Numbers 1711-P01NSVSTN12400C, 1711-P01NSVSTN12600C, 1711-P01NSVSTN4X400C, 1711-P01NSVSTN4X600C
Important User Information
Solid-state equipment has operational characteristics differing from those of electromechanical equipment. Safety
Guidelines for the Application, Installation and Maintenance of Solid State Controls (publication SGI-1.1 available from
your local Rockwell Automation sales office or online at http://www.rockwellautomation.com/literature/) describes some
important differences between solid-state equipment and hard-wired electromechanical devices. Because of this difference,
and also because of the wide variety of uses for solid-state equipment, all persons responsible for applying this equipment
must satisfy themselves that each intended application of this equipment is acceptable.

In no event will Rockwell Automation, Inc. be responsible or liable for indirect or consequential damages resulting from the
use or application of this equipment.

The examples and diagrams in this manual are included solely for illustrative purposes. Because of the many variables and
requirements associated with any particular installation, Rockwell Automation, Inc. cannot assume responsibility or
liability for actual use based on the examples and diagrams.

No patent liability is assumed by Rockwell Automation, Inc. with respect to use of information, circuits, equipment, or
software described in this manual.

Reproduction of the contents of this manual, in whole or in part, without written permission of Rockwell Automation,
Inc., is prohibited.

Throughout this manual, when necessary, we use notes to make you aware of safety considerations.

WARNING: Identifies information about practices or circumstances that can cause an explosion in a hazardous environment,
which may lead to personal injury or death, property damage, or economic loss.

ATTENTION: Identifies information about practices or circumstances that can lead to personal injury or death, property
damage, or economic loss. Attentions help you identify a hazard, avoid a hazard, and recognize the consequence.

SHOCK HAZARD: Labels may be on or inside the equipment, for example, a drive or motor, to alert people that dangerous
voltage may be present.

BURN HAZARD: Labels may be on or inside the equipment, for example, a drive or motor, to alert people that surfaces may
reach dangerous temperatures.

IMPORTANT Identifies information that is critical for successful application and understanding of the product.

Allen-Bradley, CompactLogix, PanelView, Rockwell Software, Rockwell Automation, and TechConnect are trademarks of Rockwell Automation, Inc.

Trademarks not belonging to Rockwell Automation are property of their respective companies.
Table of Contents

Preface Who Should Use this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Additional Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Chapter 1
Introduction Application Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Chapter 2
Installation Component Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Mechanical Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Electrostatic Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Unpack Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Environmental/Location Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Mount the Enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Power Distribution and Grounding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
First-Time Powerup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Chapter 3
SVST Hardware Description Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Digital Inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Digital Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Speed Inputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Analog Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Analog Outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
PanelView Plus Compact HMI Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Chapter 4
Human Machine Interface (HMI) Activate the HMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Interlocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Permissives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 3


Table of Contents

Chapter 5
SVST Configuration Configure the SVST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Start-up Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Configuration Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Speed Page 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Speed Page 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Speed Pickup and Timers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Governor Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Actuator Page 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Actuator Page 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Trip Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Speed PID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Auxiliary PID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
MaxGov PID. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Modbus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Auxiliary PID PV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Parameter List Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Parameter List Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Configuration Example 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Configuration Example 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Chapter 6
Operation Governor States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Governor Valve Manual Stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Supervised Manual Stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Not Supervised Manual Stroke. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Thermal Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Interlocks and Permissives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Interlocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Permissives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
State Transitions: Shutdown to Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Start-up Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Manual Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Idle Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Critical Speed Avoidance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Running State. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Local and Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Analog Input Speed Setpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Modbus Speed Setpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Auxiliary PID Setpoint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Generator Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Overspeed Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Stop Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

4 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Table of Contents

Chapter 7
Modbus Interface Serial Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Boolean Commands (Coils). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Boolean Status (Input Status) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Analog Status (Input Registers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Analog Commands (Holding Registers). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Chapter 8
Troubleshooting System Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Component Integrity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Hardware Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
I/O Module Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Configuration Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Operating or Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Speed Pickups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Tuning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Appendix A
PC Configuration Tool Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Tool Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Comms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
User. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Connecting to the SVST. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Uploading and Downloading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Uploading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Downloading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
View Data from File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Appendix B
Panel Drawings Drawing Set 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Drawing Set 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Drawing Set 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Drawing Set 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Drawing Set 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Drawing Set 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Drawing Set 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Drawing Set 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

Index

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 5


Table of Contents

6 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Preface

This manual provides a product and application overview, installation


instructions, hardware description, Human Machine Interface (HMI) operation
instructions, configuration instructions, controller operation instructions,
Modbus configuration instructions, and troubleshooting information for the
Single Valve Steam Turbine Governor.

Who Should Use this Manual This manual is intended for qualified personnel responsible for installing and
operating the Rockwell Automation Single Valve Steam Turbine Governor
(SVST). You should have previous experience with, and an understanding of,
electrical terminology, procedures, required troubleshooting equipment,
equipment protection procedures and methods, and safety precautions. See
safety related practices contained in publication NFPA 70E, Standard for
Electrical Safety in the Work Place.

Additional Resources These documents contain additional information concerning related products
from Rockwell Automation.
Resource Description
Industrial Automation Wiring and Grounding Guidelines, Provides general guidelines for installing a Rockwell
publication 1770-4.1 Automation industrial system.
Product Certifications website, http://www.ab.com Provides declarations of conformity, certificates, and
other certification details.

You can view or download publications at


http:/www.rockwellautomation.com/literature/. To order paper copies of
technical documentation, contact your local Allen-Bradley distributor or
Rockwell Automation sales representative.

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 7


Preface

Notes:

8 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Chapter 1

Introduction

The SVST from Rockwell Automation is a packaged solution to control/regulate


the speed of a steam turbine (speed governor.) The SVST is designed to control
single-valve or single-valve rack steam turbines.

Application Overview Steam turbines are used in a variety of applications from large scale power
generation in the megawatt range to small utility installations under a hundred
horsepower in the oil and gas industry. Regardless of the size of the turbine, a
governor is required to regulate the turbines speed to control the load.
Additionally, a steam turbine cannot be taken from zero speed to operation speed
in a single step. The SVST governor manages the start-up sequence to achieve the
turbines normal operational speed and provides speed regulation during
operation using internal capacity control or external speed setpoints. The SVST
is designed to be flexible and easy to configure for virtually any application.

Figure 1 shows the basic control schematic for a steam turbine.

Figure 1 - Steam Turbine Control Schematic


FT PT TT
FT PT TT
S to p V a lv e G o v e rn o r V a lv e
H P

SVST

S- 4
2

S- 3

ST ST ST S te a m A C Gen
B o ile r
T u rb in e

C ondenser

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 9


Chapter 1 Introduction

Notes:

10 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Chapter 2

Installation

This chapter provides basic background information about the system and full
instructions for installation, grounding, and powerup.

Component Configuration Figure 2 and Figure 3 show the SVST governor and its components:
CompactLogix Controller
Digital Inputs
Digital Outputs
Speed Inputs
Analog Inputs
Analog Outputs
Enclosure and accessories

Figure 2 - The SVST Panel External View

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 11


Chapter 2 Installation

Figure 3 - The SVST Panel Internal View


CompactLogix
Controller

Internal
Power
Distribution

Power from
AC or DC
Power Source

DI, AI, and AO


Marshalling
Terminals
PanelView Plus DO Marshalling Terminals
Mounted on Door

At the factory, all the SVST required components are mounted, wired, and
installed inside the unit's enclosure.

Mechanical Installation Electrostatic Precautions


The electronic components of these systems are susceptible to electrostatic
discharge (ESD). Be sure to take the following precautions:
Always wear an anti-static wrist strap (or equivalent) when handling any
electrostatic sensitive components.
All electrostatic sensitive components are packaged in anti-static bags. Do
not remove these components from these bags until you are ready to install
them.
Controller modules are especially sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Pay
special attention not to touch the module connectors or any exposed
printed circuit board components.
Store all shipping materials, especially anti-static bags, to re-use if it
becomes necessary to transport or ship any system components.

12 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Installation Chapter 2

Unpack Components

All items must be removed from their packaging and checked against the packing
list. Verify that all items are correct and contact Rockwell Automation if any
discrepancies are found. Before unpacking any items, the packaging must be
inspected for damage that may have occurred during shipment.

If any packaging is damaged, the package identifying marks (such as box number
or crate number) must be noted and communicated back to Rockwell
Automation. The package must be stored in a suitable storage area in the
condition it was received. Rockwell Automation will contact the shipping agent
who may request to inspect the damage. The package must not be opened
without the express written permission of Rockwell Automation.

Inspection

Visually inspect the cabinets for mechanical damage. Check the paintwork
for scratches and abrasions.

Verify that the cabinet door opens and closes and that all latches operate
smoothly.

Verify cable assemblies to make sure they were not damaged during
shipment. All wireducts should be fitted with covers and all cable
assemblies should be appropriately dressed with cable ties and/or spiral
wrap.

Environmental/Location Requirements

To meet environmental requirements when installing the equipment, it should be


installed in a room with an ambient temperature of -1050 C with a relative
humidity of 0...95% RH non-condensing, and the room must be provided with
adequate lighting.

Tools

These tools and materials are required for panel installation:


Level
Pencil or other marker
Drill
Adjustable wrench or socket set
Mounting bolts sufficient to support 70 lbs. each (not included)

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 13


Chapter 2 Installation

Mount the Enclosure

ATTENTION: Crush hazard!


Dropping the unit can lead to personal injury and/or component damage.
Always support the unit fully during installation; if needed, use an assistant.

1. Determine the mounting location and verify that it is able to support


70 lbs. Allow sufficient room above and below, or at the left and right
sides, for cable exiting the enclosure and for opening the door.
2. Place the enclosure on the wall in the position where it is to be mounted,
verifying that it is level.
Note: Be careful to support the unit well.
3. Mark the wall through the top of the slots in only the bottom two
mounting key holes.

Back of Enclosure

Note: Only one bracket is shown.

4. Remove the enclosure and drill the necessary holes for the bottom bolts.
5. Insert the bolts through the holes just drilled and into the wall, leaving
enough space for the brackets to fit between the heads of the bolts and the
wall. DO NOT tighten the bolts at this time.
6. Place the enclosure on the wall with the bottom brackets sliding over the
bolts as far down as they can go.
Note: Be careful to support the unit well.
7. Mark the wall through the holes in the top two mounting brackets and
then remove the enclosure from the wall.

8. Drill the necessary holes for the top bolts.


9. Re-hang the enclosure onto the bottom two bolts.

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Installation Chapter 2

10. Insert bolts through the holes in the top two mounting holes of the
enclosure and into the wall.
11. Tighten all the bolts as appropriate for the mounting surface.

Power Distribution and The system can be powered by 24V DC or 120V AC. Connect power to
terminals shown in the supplied wiring drawings. Terminal locations are
Grounding identified in the photograph below.

Figure 4 - Terminal Locations

Alternate DC sourced AC-sourced


Power Connection Power Connection
(Regulated 24V DC) (100240V AC)

Instrument Ground Safety Ground


connection connection

There are two ground connections that must be connected before power is
applied to the system.
AC SAFETY GROUND is for all exposed metal surfaces of cabinets,
racks, chassis ground connections, etc. All individual ground wiring
interconnections are to be a minimum of 16 AWG copper wire, green
insulation.
INSTRUMENT GROUND is for all DC analog/digital signal cable
shield wires. Reference ground wiring interconnections are to be a
minimum of 18 AWG copper wire, green insulation with yellow tracer.

ATTENTION: Good ground connections must be verified before any work can be
carried out by any Rockwell Automation or client personnel. Failure to comply
can cause serious injury.

Check for a good electrical AC SAFETY GROUND connection. The electrical


ground connection must be matched to the breakers or fuses used to protect the
feeds to the system. Check the integrity of the connection and the gauge of the
wire used, and verify that it is sufficient to allow the breakers or fuses to trip.

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Chapter 2 Installation

First-Time Powerup First-time powerup must be done in stages to guard against system-wide power
distribution faults. The systems power distribution must be verified against the
power distribution drawings.

1. Switch all circuit breakers to the Off position and open all fuses.
2. Energize the 24V DC or 120V AC feed and verify voltage at main
incoming terminals.
3. Close each 120V AC circuit breaker one at a time and verify that the
corresponding power supply is energized.
4. Measure the output voltage of the power supply and verify that it is
delivering 24V DC.
5. Close each 24V DC fuse one at a time and verify that the corresponding
equipment receives 24V DC by measuring at the power terminals of the
receiving equipment.
6. Close all 24V DC fuses, checking that the system powers up as expected.

16 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Chapter 3

SVST Hardware Description

This chapter provides detailed descriptions for the system components.

Introduction The SVST hardware and software platform is the 1769-L23-QBFC1B


CompactLogix system. This is a packaged controller for smaller machine-level
control applications. The controller comes preconfigured with combinations for
embedded digital, analog, and high-speed counter I/O. Specifically for the SVST,
the controller catalog number is 1769-L23E-QBFC1B.

Figure 5 - CompactLogix Controller L23E

Digital Inputs The SVST has 16 digital inputs powered by 24V DC. All inputs are prewired
from marshalling terminal blocks (TS1) to the module-specific removable
terminal blocks (RTB).

Table 1 - Digital Inputs for Channel Assignment and Wiring


Input Description TS1 Function when contact is
Channel 0 Turbine start push button 1-2 Closed
Channel 1 Turbine raise speed input 3-4 Closed
Channel 2 Turbine lower speed input 5-6 Closed
Channel 3 Turbine halt speed input 7-8 Closed
Channel 4 Turbine local Emergency Stop 9-10 Open (Trip)
Channel 5 Turbine reset push button 11-12 Closed
Channel 6 Turbine overspeed test enable 13-14 Closed

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Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description

Input Description TS1 Function when contact is


Channel 7 Turbine Remote/Local selector 15-16 Closed (for Remote)
Channel 8 External Permissive 17-18 Closed (OK)
Channel 9 External Trip 1 19-20 Open (Trip)
Channel 10 External Trip 2 21-22 Open (Trip)
Channel 11 External Trip 3 23-24 Open (Trip)
Channel 12 Generator Breaker Status 25-26 Closed
Channel 13 Electrical Grid Breaker Status 27-28 Closed
Channel 14 Trip Valve Closed Limit Switch 29-30 Closed
Channel 15 Trip Valve Open Limit Switch 31-32 Closed

Notes:
Channels 8, 9, 10, and 11 must have a jumper on their corresponding TS1
terminals when not in use.
Accessories (push buttons) for use on Channels 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 are
not provided with the unit. Accessories must be purchased and installed
separately as needed. Similar functionality is provided with the units
HMI.
Use a momentary push button (N.O. contact) for Channel 0 and
Channel 5 will provide turbine raise/lower functionality.
Use a two-position selector for Channel 6 and Channel 7.
Use a two-position switch with spring return to center for Channel 2
and Channel 3.

Digital Outputs The SVST governor has 16 digital outputs powered by 24V DC. All outputs are
prewired from marshalling terminal blocks (TS2) to the module-specific
removable terminal blocks.

Table 2 - Digital Output Channel Assignment and Wiring


Output Description TS2 Function when output is
Channel 0 Turbine Trip Relay 1-2 Off
Channel 1 Turbine Alarm 3-4 On
Channel 2 Turbine Running 5-6 On
Channel 3 Turbine Trip (Panel Light) 7-8 On
Channel 4 Turbine Run (Panel Light) 9-10 On
Channel 5 Turbine Trip 24V DC 11-12 Off
Channel 6 Not in use 13-14
Channel 7 Not in use 15-16
Channel 8 Not in use 17-18
Channel 9 Not in use 19-20
Channel 10 Not in use 21-22
Channel 11 Not in use 23-24

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SVST Hardware Description Chapter 3

Output Description TS2 Function when output is


Channel 12 Not in use 25-26
Channel 13 Not in use 27-28
Channel 14 Not in use 29-30
Channel 15 Not in use 31-32

Note: The turbine trip relay (channel 0) can be configured for N.O. (pin 14) or
N.C. (pin 12) contacts (common pin 11.)

Figure 6 - Trip Relay Connections

Trip relay connections


for N.O. or N.C. contacts

Speed Inputs The SVST governor can handle from one to three magnetic pickups. Speed in
revolutions per minute is a function of the MPU signal in Hz and the gear
number of teeth.
Table 3 - Minimum Sensing Speeds (in revolutions per minute)
MPU Voltage RMS MPU Voltage Pk-Pk Frequency Teeth RPM = Hz * 60 / Teeth
350 mV RMS 1.2V 50 Hz 30 100
350 mV RMS 1.2V 50 Hz 60 50
350 mV RMS 1.2V 50 Hz 120 25

Note: All speed inputs are prewired from marshalling terminal blocks (TS1) to
the module-specific removable terminal blocks.

Table 4 - Magnetic Pickups Wiring


Input Description TS1 Range
Channel 0 Magnetic Pickup 1 45-46 015000 Hz
Channel 1 Magnetic Pickup 2 47-48 015000 Hz
Channel 2 Magnetic Pickup 3 49-50 015000 Hz
Channel 3 Not used N.A.

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Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description

Analog Inputs The SVST has four analog inputs (current 420 mA). All inputs are prewired
from marshalling terminal blocks (TS1) to the module-specific removable
terminal blocks (RTB).

Table 5 - Analog Input Wiring


Input Description TS1 Range
Channel 0 Remote Speed Setpoint 33-34 Min Governor-Max Governor
Channel 1 Auxiliary PID Control PV 35-36 User configurable in EU
Channel 2 Not in use 37-38 N.A.
Channel 3 Not in use 39-40 N.A.

Note: For this application, a high speed/resolution module 1769-IF4FXOF2F is


used on slot 5, and the embedded analog input/output module on slot 3 is not in
use.

Analog Outputs The SVST has two analog outputs (current 420 mA). All outputs are prewired
from marshalling terminal blocks (TS1) to the module-specific removable
terminal blocks (RTB).

Table 6 - Analog Output Wiring


Input Description TS1 Range
Channel 0 Speed Controller Output 41-42 0100%
Channel 1 Remote revolutions per 43-44 0Max Control Speed
minute for display

Note: For this application, a high speed/resolution module 1769-IF4FXOF2F is


used on slot 5, and the embedded analog input/output module on slot 3 is not in
use.

20 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


SVST Hardware Description Chapter 3

PanelView Plus Compact HMI The SVST is equipped with a PanelView Plus Compact HMI. This device is
Description used as the interface for configuration and operation of the SVST. The
PanelView Plus Compact HMI is installed on the unit control panel, and wiring
for power and communications are provided from the factory. An optional
PanelView Plus Compact 600 HMI can be ordered for this application.

Figure 7 - PanelView Plus 400 Compact HMI

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Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description

Notes:

22 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Chapter 4

Human Machine Interface (HMI)

The HMI provides a single interface for configuration, operation, maintenance,


and troubleshooting the SVST system. This chapter describes these general
features and how to access them. Further details are found later in this manual.

Activate the HMI The operator interface for the SVST requires entry of a unique Activation Key
ID to activate the HMI for use. Until the HMI has been successfully activated,
the HMI will only display the following dialog box. In most cases, the HMI will
be activated by the factory, however if this is not the case, follow the procedure
below.

Figure 8 - HMI Activation Dialog Box

1. Contact an authorized Rockwell Automation agent for the Activation Key


ID. You will need to provide the System Serial Number and Product ID
Number as shown on your activation dialog box.

The Activation Key ID is an eight-character string of hexadecimal values,


for example, 1A2B3C4D.
2. On the Activation dialog box, press the Enter Activation Key ID entry
line.
The following keypad appears.

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

3. Enter the Key ID using the touch keypad.

Note: The characters in the Key ID are not case sensitive. Only enter the
eight characters and do not enter any dashes, spaces, or other symbols. For
example, if your agent provides the key ID of 23F4-60BC, only enter the
eight characters of 23F460BC (or 23f460bc), omitting the dash symbol.

4. Press .

The controller examines the Activation Key ID.


If the key ID is not valid, the Activation dialog box remains on the HMI.
Examine the Key ID entered and correct if necessary. If activation
problems continue, contact Rockwell Automation for further assistance.
If the key ID is valid, the HMI activation is successful and full navigation
of the HMI is available and the Home Operation screen appears.

Figure 9 - Home Operation Screen

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Navigation The HMI application facilitates user navigation through a centralized icon
toolbar. These are the main screens:
Home (or Operation)
Maintenance
Alarms
Warnings
Trends
Interlocks
Permissives
Help

Each main screen contains at least one page, where pages are equivalent to
displays. To access a particular screen, press the corresponding icon.

Figure 10 - Main Icon Toolbar

Interlocks
Home

Alarms

Warnings

Trends

Permissives

Help
Maintenance

For simple and quick navigation, you can access and progress through multiple
pages of a screen by pressing the arrows at the bottom of the screen. Notice the
green dot at the center bottom of each screen page for orientation.

Figure 11 - Navigation Arrows and Page Dots

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Figure 12 is a navigational hierarchy structure of the basic screens.

Figure 12 - HMI Screens Navigational Hierarchy Structure

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Home This Home screen has seven pages for operations.

Figure 13 - Home Screen Page 1 Log-in

Figure 14 - Home Screen Page 2 Start-up Sequence

Figure 15 - Home Screen Page 3 Speed PID

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Figure 16 - Home Screen Page 4 Thermal Condition,

Figure 17 - Home Screen Page 5 Speed Targets

Figure 18 - Home Screen Page 6 Acceleration Rates

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Figure 19 - Home Screen Page 7 Operation Timers

Maintenance This Maintenance screen has three pages.

Figure 20 - Maintenance Screen Page 1 Main

Figure 21 - Maintenance Screen Page 2 Passwords

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Figure 22 - Maintenance Screen Page 3 Language

Alarms Use the Alarms screen to view the unit alarms.

Figure 23 - Alarms Screen

Warnings Use the Warnings pages to view unit warnings.

Figure 24 - Warnings Screen Page 1 Preventing Operation

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Figure 25 - Warnings Screen Page 2 Disabled Functions

Trends Use the Trends screen to access the three trend groups by selecting from the list.

Figure 26 - Trends Screen

Interlocks Use the Interlocks screen to check the status of interlocks. This screen has two
pages.

Figure 27 - Interlocks Screen Page 1

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Figure 28 - Interlocks Screen Page 2

Permissives Use the Permissives screen to check the status of the unit permissives.

Figure 29 - Permissives Screen

Help The Help screen has eight pages. The Help pages show the icons and describe
their use.

Figure 30 - Help Screen Page 1 Product Identification

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Figure 31 - Help Screen Page 2 Navigation

Figure 32 - Help Screen Page 3 Interlocks/Permissives

Figure 33 - Help Screen Page 4 Alarms and Warnings

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Figure 34 - Help Screen Page 6 Maintenance / Configuration

Figure 35 - Help Screen Page 6 Trends/Security

Figure 36 - Help Screen Page 7 Indicators

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Figure 37 - Help Screen Page 8 Commands

The following table shows a list of the specific functions that can be performed
using the HMI, based on the user role.

Table 7 - HMI Functions and User Roles


Screen Function DEFAULT Operator Supervisor Maintenance Engineer
Home (Operation)
Start N Y Y Y Y

Stop N Y Y Y Y
Hold / Resume N Y Y Y Y
Reset N Y Y Y Y
Load SP N Y Y Y Y
Speed Local SP N Y Y Y Y
Speed PID CV N Y Y Y Y
Auxiliary PID Auto N Y Y Y Y
Auxiliary PID Manual N Y Y Y Y
Auxiliary PID SP N Y Y Y Y
Auxiliary PID CV N Y Y Y Y
Over Speed Test N Y Y Y Y
Reset Running Time N N Y Y Y
Reset Stop Time N N Y Y Y
Lower Speed N Y Y Y Y
Raise Speed N Y Y Y Y
Write Speed SP N Y Y Y Y
Write Speed CV N Y Y Y Y
Write Auxiliary PID SP N Y Y Y Y
Thermal Condition N Y Y Y Y
Auto / Manual
Calculation

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Screen Function DEFAULT Operator Supervisor Maintenance Engineer


Home (Operation) - continued
Thermal Cold Select N Y Y Y Y
Thermal Not Cold N Y Y Y Y
Select
SCI In N Y Y Y Y
SCI Out N Y Y Y Y
Maintenance
Select UOM N N N N Y
Bypass Disable N N N Y Y
Bypass Enable N N N Y Y
Alarm
Alarm Acknowledge N Y Y Y Y
Alarm Acknowledge All N Y Y Y Y
Alarm Reset N Y Y Y Y
Interlocks
Interlock Reset N N N Y Y
Interlocks Configuration
Interlock x Bypassable N N N N N
Interlock x Invert N N N N N
Interlock x Latched N N N N N
Interlock x Description N N N N Y
Permissives
Permissive Reset N N N Y Y
Permissives Configuration
Permissive x N N N N N
Bypassable
Permissive x Invert N N N N N
Permissive x Latched N N N N N
Permissive x N N N N Y
Description
Parameter
Recipe(1) edit N N N N Y
Recipe restore N Y Y Y Y
Recipe upload N N N N Y
Recipe download N N N N Y
Recipe save N N N N Y
Status Monitoring
Controller Fault Reset N Y Y Y Y
Set Clock N N N N Y

36 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

Screen Function DEFAULT Operator Supervisor Maintenance Engineer


Analog Input Device
Use Input PV N N N Y Y
Use Substitute PV N N N Y Y
Substitute Value N N N Y Y
PV EU Minimum N N N N Y
PV EU Maximum N N N N Y
Has Extended Scaling N N N N Y
Square Root Extract N N N N Y
Has Hi Alarm N N N N Y
Has Lo Alarm N N N N Y
Hi Alarm Limit N N N N Y
Lo Alarm Limit N N N N Y
Alarm Deadband N N N N Y
Device Description N N N N Y
PID Device
Auto Mode N Y Y Y Y
Manual Mode N Y Y Y Y
Setpoint N Y Y Y Y
CV Setpoint N Y Y Y Y
SP Minimum N N N N Y
SP Maximum N N N N Y
SP Increase N N N N Y
SP Decrease N N N N Y
Track PV in Manual N N N N Y
Proportional Gain N N N N Y
Integral Gain N N N N Y
Derivative Gain N N N N Y
Interactive Gain N N N N Y
Device Description N N N N Y
Speed Device
Operator Mode N Y Y Y Y
Valve Device
Manual Mode N Y Y Y Y
Device Description N N N N Y
(1) A recipe is a set of configuration parameters.

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

Security The HMI has a security model built in to restrict access to specific functions. The
model relies on user roles as defined in this table.

Table 8 - HMI User Roles and Passwords


User Name Default Password
Operator operator

Engineer engineer

Supervisor supervisor

Maintenance maintenance

The following steps can be used to change your current user login:

1. Press to navigate to the Home screen.

The Home screen appears.


2. Use the arrows to navigate to the Login page.

3. Press to log in.

The Login dialog box appears.

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Human Machine Interface (HMI) Chapter 4

4. Type the User name (account.)


5. Type the Password.

6. Press .

If you entered your account information correctly, for example, user name is
Engineer, the login page appears as in Figure 38.

Figure 38 - Home Screen Page 1 Log-in Accepted

The HMI application has default user account information, however, it is


possible to change the password for a specific user role. Follow these steps to
update the password.

1. Navigate to the Maintenance screen by pressing .

2. On the Maintenance screen, press to go to Page 2.

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Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI)

3. Press to change the password.

The Change Password dialog box appears.

4. Type the old and new passwords and confirm the new password.

5. Press .
6. Log out and re-log in using the new password.

40 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Chapter 5

SVST Configuration

This chapter includes the start-up sequence and parameters to configure the
SVST governor. It also describes how to upload and download parameters.

Configure the SVST The governor has various settings that can be adjusted, allowing it to be used in
different steam turbine applications. You can configure the unit by using either of
these methods:
The PanelView terminal covered in this chapter
The SVST PC Configuration Tool covered in AppendixA PC
Configuration Tool

The SVST time diagram below is presented to help understand the relationship
between speed and control mode during the start-up sequence.

Figure 39 - Steam Turbine (SVST) Time Diagram for Start-up Sequencing

Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013 41


Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Start-up Sequence 1. Open Loop Acceleration


Description
Purpose The purpose of the open loop mode is to break the turbines shaft inertia and when a
reasonable control speed is reached, a closed-loop mode operation begins.
Process 1. After entering acceleration, the governors valve output ramps up to open loop initial
target.
2. When the minimum measurable speed is reached, the governor switches from open loop
to closed loop mode.

2. Closed-Loop Acceleration
Description
Process 1. After the turbine reaches the minimum control speed, the governors closed-loop
acceleration phase is initiated.
2. In closed-loop phase, the speed setpoint ramps up to the next idle speed or, if no idle
speeds were configured, to operation speed.

3. Idle Speeds
Description
Number of Idle Speeds The SVST can handle up to two idle speeds.
Configure Idle speeds and acceleration rates are configurable for each of the two thermal conditions
(cold or not cold.)
Reach Idle Speed When reaching an idle speed, the setpoint is held for the configured turbine soak period(1).
(1) Soak period is a term that describes the amount of time at which the speed is held to allow the machines casing to thermally
expand and catch up to the rotor assembly.

4. Critical Speed Avoidance


Description
Configure The SVST manages the turbine acceleration through two critical speed bands. Acceleration
rates within each critical speed band are configurable.
Critical Stall Detection With the critical stall detection feature, when the speed is within the critical speed band, the
governor speed setpoint steps up to a speed above the high limit of the critical band using
an acceleration rate that allows the speed to be reached before the critical stall time expires.
Critical Stall Timer If the critical stall timer expires, the governor speed setpoint is taken below the low limit of
the critical band and the governor switches to hold (idle) state. A critical stall alarm is
generated.

5. Speed Control
Description
Conditions Turbine speed is between Minimum and Maximum Governor.
Run State After the acceleration phase, the governor switches to the run state where the speed can be
controlled within the minimum and maximum governor limits.
Raise and Lower The SVST uses the Raise and Lower commands to increase or decrease the speed setpoint.
Commands A speed setpoint is also available using the HMI.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

6. Overspeed Test
ATTENTION: To avoid an overspeed condition and possible personal injury or
equipment damage, equip the turbine with an external shutdown device that
provides an overspeed protection system according to American Petroleum
Institute standards 612 or 670.

Description
Purpose The overspeed mode allows increasing the speed reference above the maximum governor
limit for testing external overspeed protection devices.
Process 1. Set the speed reference to the max governor speed.
2. When the speed reaches the max governor speed, press the overspeed test button
(maintained function).
3. The governor will switch to the overspeed test mode.
4. Take the speed reference up to the max control speed using the Raise speed button.
Alarm and Trip If the turbine speed goes above the external trip device and no trip is detected, an alarm
Conditions is generated.
If the speed goes above max control speed, the governor trips.
When the overspeed test is not enabled, and speed goes above the external trip device
setpoint, the turbine trips.

Note: Refer to Chapter 6 Operation for more details about the SVST operation.

Configuration Parameters To access the configuration parameters within the HMI, on the main tool bar
press the Maintenance icon.
Note: Tables for configuration parameters use these measurements and
information:
Speeds are in revolutions per minute (rpm).
Acceleration rates are in rpm/sec.
Position measurements are in percent.
Increment or decrement rates are in percent per second.
All load values are in percent and rates are in percent per second.
N.A. means Not Applicable.
TBD means To be Determined, meaning that the application is so specific
that no suggestions are available.

Figure 40 - Maintenance Screen Page 1 Configuration Parameters

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Note: Access the parameter pages by pressing .

Figure 41 - Parameters Page Selection, SpeedPage 1

Use the up and down arrow buttons next to the Select heading to
select the various configuration pages.

Table 9 - Configuration Pages for the SVST


Name Type of Parameters Page
Speed Page 1 Turbine Speed Settings, for example, Min Governor 45
Speed Page 2 Turbine Speed Settings, for example, Idle Speeds 45
Speed Pickup & Timers Magnetic Pickups Configuration 46
Governor Valve Settings for the Governor Valve 47
Actuator Page 1 Linearization Settings 1 48
Actuator Page 2 Linearization Settings 2 48
Generator Generator Control 49
Trip Settings Settings for Interlocks 49
Speed PID Speed PID Settings 50
Aux PID Auxiliary PID Settings 51
MaxGov PID Maximum Governor PID Settings 52
Auxiliary PID PV Auxiliary PID Analog Input Configuration 51
Modbus Modbus Interface Settings 52

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Speed Page 1

Speed Page 1 defines the settings related to the speed ranges that the governor
uses for the turbine startup and operation.

Table 10 - Speed Page 1 Configuration Parameters


Parameters Descriptions Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Minimum Governor Speed 015000 3420 5850
2 Maximum Governor Speed 015000 3780 9540
3 Minimum Control Speed 010000 350 400
4 Maximum Control Speed 015000 4000 10500
5 Idle 1 Speed Target for Cold Condition 015000 1000 750
6 Idle 1 Acceleration Rate for Cold Condition 0250 4.1666 12.5
7 Idle 2 Speed Target for Cold Condition 015000 3000 4600
8 Idle 2 Acceleration Rate for Cold Condition 0250 4.1666 4.0
9 Idle 1 Speed Target for Not Cold Condition 015000 1000 750
10 Idle 1 Acceleration Rate for Not Cold Condition 0250 8.3333 12.5
11 Idle 2 - Speed Target for Not Cold Condition 015000 0 4600
12 Idle 2 - Acceleration Rate for Not Cold Condition 0250 0 4.0

Speed Page 2

Speed Page 2 defines the use of cold or warm start-up acceleration, overspeed trip
and alarm settings, and critical speed bands.

Table 11 - Speed Page 2 Configuration Parameters


Parameters Descriptions Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Run Speed Target for Cold Condition 015000 3600 6000
(Run Speed>Minimum Governor)
2 Run Acceleration Rate for Cold Condition 0250 4.1666 2.25
3 Run Speed Target for Not Cold Condition 015000 3600 6000
(Run Speed>Minimum Governor)
4 Run Acceleration Rate for Not Cold Condition 0250 8.3333 2.25
5 External Protection Overspeed Trip Setpoint 015000 3960 10350
6 Critical Speed Band 1 Low Limit 015000 0 2800
7 Critical Speed Band 1 High Limit 015000 0 4500
8 Critical Speed Band 2 Low Limit 015000 0 0
9 Critical Speed Band 2 High Limit 015000 0 0
10 Acceleration rate in critical band 1 0500 0 170
11 Acceleration rate in critical band 2 0500 0 0
12 Remote Control Configuration 03 3 0

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

For parameter 12, the remote control configuration option is an integer value
with four possible selections:
0: Remote Speed Setpoint via Analog Input
1: Remote Speed Setpoint via Modbus
2: Auxiliary PID
3: Generator Control

Speed Pickup and Timers

The number of magnetic pickups, operation, and warm-up timers are on the
Speed Pickup and Timer Configuration screen.

Table 12 - Speed Pickups (MPU) and Operation Timers (OT) Configuration Parameters
Parameters Descriptions Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Gear number of teeth (MPU) 1200 30 60
2 MPU gear ratio to turbine shaft 0200 2 1
3 MPU degradation 3-2-1-0 01 1 0
4 MP1 channel in use 01 1 1
5 MP2 channel in use 01 1 1
6 MP3 channel in use 01 0 1
7 Turbine cold status stopped time (hours) 01000 12 12
8 Idle1 cold hold time (soak period in seconds) 03600 600 600
9 Idle2 cold hold time (soak period in seconds) 03600 600 900
10 Idle1 not cold hold time (soak period in seconds) 03600 300 300
11 Idle2 not cold hold time (soak period in seconds) 03600 0 300

For parameter 2, use this relationship:


Speed of MPU Gear / Speed of Turbine Shaft.
For example, MPU Gear = 3600 rpm, Turbine Shaft = 1800 rpm yields to
a factor of 2.

For parameter 3, the magnetic pickups degradation works as shown in Table 13.

Table 13 - Magnetic Pickups Degradation Matrix


Parameter Pickup 1 Pickup 2 Pickup 3 Voting Logic Turbine Trip
Failure Failure Failure
0 No No No Mid Value No
0 Yes No No High Select No
0 Yes Yes No N.A. Yes
0 No No Not used High Select No
0 Yes No Not used N.A. Yes
0 No Not used Not used N.A. Yes
1 No No No Mid Value No

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Parameter Pickup 1 Pickup 2 Pickup 3 Voting Logic Turbine Trip


Failure Failure Failure
1 Yes No No High Select No
1 Yes Yes No Pickup 3 No
1 Yes Yes Yes N.A. Yes
1 Yes No Not used Pickup 2 No
1 Yes Yes Not used N.A. Yes
1 No Not used Not used Pickup 1 No
1 Not used Not used Not used N.A. Yes

Notes:
Not used in Table 13 means parameters 4, 5, and/or 6 are set to 0.
For parameters 4, 5, and 6, set the value to 1 when the corresponding
channel has a magnetic pickup signal connected.
Table 13 does not show all possible channels permutations.

Governor Valve

Use this page to configure settings related to the governor valve. Table 14 shows
the configuration parameters.

Table 14 - Governor Valve Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Governor valve trip position 0100 0 0
2 Closed loop initial position 0100 12 18
3 Open loop target position 0100 17 20
4 Open loop increment rate 0100 1 1
5 Open loop decrement rate 0100 1 1
6 Maximum position in manual 0100 100 100
7 Minimum position in manual 0100 0 0
8 After linearization max position 0100 100 100
9 After linearization min position 0100 0 0
10 Cracking position 0100 0 0
11 Trip valve has limit switch 01 1 1

Details:
For parameter 10, set this value to a number greater than 0, for example,
5% if your valve has a tight shutoff and flow of steam begins to build when
the opening is more than 5%.
For parameter 11, set this value to 1 when the close position limit switch is
connected to the SVST. If the system detects that the stop valve is closed, it
wont allow the sequence to get ready for startup. If this value is set to 0,
this permissive would be bypassed.

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Actuator Page 1

Use actuator configuration when the relationship between the governor


controller output and the output to the actuator needs a linearization function.
Table 15 shows the C0...C10 configuration parameters.

Table 15 - Actuator Page 1 Linearization Configuration Parameters (C0...C10)


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Linearization C0 0100 0 0
2 Linearization C1 0100 0 4.2
3 Linearization C2 0100 0 11.2
4 Linearization C3 0100 0 14.5
5 Linearization C4 0100 0 56.8
6 Linearization C5 0100 0 65.7
7 Linearization C6 0100 0 94.7
8 Linearization C7 0100 0 100
9 Linearization C8 0100 0 100
10 Linearization C9 0100 0 100
11 Linearization C10 0100 100 100

Note: All values are in percent.

Actuator Page 2

Use actuator configuration when the relationship between the governor


controller output and the output to the actuator needs a linearization function.
Table 16 shows the H0...H10 configuration parameters.

Table 16 - Actuator Page 2 Linearization Configuration Parameters (H0...H10)


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Linearization H0 0100 0 0
2 Linearization H1 0100 0 11.7
3 Linearization H2 0100 0 29.4
4 Linearization H3 0100 0 34.7
5 Linearization H4 0100 0 53.7
6 Linearization H5 0100 0 58.4
7 Linearization H6 0100 0 86.0
8 Linearization H7 0100 0 100
9 Linearization H8 0100 0 100
10 Linearization H9 0100 0 100
11 Linearization H10 0100 100 100

Note: All values are in percent.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Generator

If the SVST is used to drive a generator, this configuration page allows the
generator load characteristics to be configured. Table 17 shows the configuration
parameters.

Table 17 - Generator Control Settings Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Generator Synchronous Speed 015000 3600 N.A.
2 Generator Initial load 0100 3 N.A.
3 Generator Droop in % 0100 5 N.A.
4 Generator increment load rate 0100 2 N.A.
5 Generator decrement load rate 0100 2 N.A.
6 Generator initial load rate 0100 1 N.A.
9 Generator maximum load 0100 80 N.A.
10 Speed SP increment rate for synch 0100 0.5 N.A.
11 Speed SP decrement rate for synch 0100 0.5 N.A.

When the turbine is running and the speed is within 40 rpm of the
synchronization speed (for example, 3600 rpm), the governor speed setpoint in
rpm/second is limited to the values in parameter 10 and 11 in Table 17. This
helps prevent hunting and overshoot during the synchronization process.

Trip Settings

Use the Trip Settings page to configure trip settings and other miscellaneous
values. Table 18 shows the configuration parameters.

Table 18 - Trip Settings Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Startup fail-safe timer 03600 30 15
2 Critical speed stall timer 03600 0 10
3 Max delta between speed SP-PV 015000 180 400
4 Max delta speed SP-PV delay to trip 060 2 5
5 Power and load unbalance enable 01 1 0
6 Under speed protection dead band 01000 50 50
7 Overpeed test maximum time 03600 300 300
8 QuickStart Enable 01 0 0

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Details:

If there is a difference between the speed setpoint and the actual turbine
speed greater than the value of parameter 3, a timer will start and the
turbine will trip, with a loss of speed control indication if the elapsed time
exceeds the value in parameter 4.

Set parameter 5 to 1 for generator applications; otherwise set this


parameter to 0.

For parameter 6, when doing a closed loop deceleration (normal stop),


when speed approaches minimum control speed within this deadband, the
turbine will trip.

The time allowed in seconds to perform an overspeed test is contained in


Parameter 7. Refer to Chapter 6 Operation for more details.

When the calculated thermal condition is considered hot and parameter 8


is set to 1, the turbine can be started after a trip when it is still coasting
down. The governor internal permissives are bypassed.

Speed PID

Use this page to configure settings related to the speed PID function. Table 19
shows the configuration parameters.

Table 19 - Speed PID Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Speed PID Kp 0100 TBD TBD
(Proportional Gain)
2 Speed PID Ki 0100 TBD TBD
(Integral action in repeats/min)
3 Speed PID Kd 0100 TBD TBD
(Derivative seconds; usually 0)
4 Speed PID CV Max 0110 100 100
5 Speed PID CV Min 0100 0 0
6 SP Increment rate Running 0250 10 4.0
7 SP Decrement rate Running 0250 10 4.0

Parameters 6 and 7 contain the speed setpoint acceleration and deceleration rates
in rpm/second that the governor uses when in the run state.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Auxiliary PID

Use this page to configure settings related to the Auxiliary PID function.
Table 20 shows the configuration parameters.

Table 20 - Auxiliary PID Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Aux PID Kp 0100 N.A. N.A.
(Proportional Gain)
2 Aux PID Ki 0100 N.A. N.A.
(Integral action in repeats/min)
3 Aux PID Kd 0100 N.A. N.A.
(Derivative seconds; usually 0)
4 Aux PID CV Max 0110 N.A. N.A.
5 Aux PID CV Min 0100 N.A. N.A.
6 Setpoint increment rate 0999999 N.A. N.A.
7 Setpoint decrement rate 0999999 N.A. N.A.
8 Error Deadband 0999999 N.A. N.A.
9 Setpoint max 0999999 N.A. N.A.
10 Setpoint min 0999999 N.A. N.A.
11 PID Action 01 N.A. N.A.
12 PID SP Tracking 01 N.A. N.A.
13 PID P Interactive 01 N.A. N.A.
14 PID P error 01 N.A. N.A.

Details:
Parameter 6 is the setpoint ramp rate in engineering units per second. For
example, if controlling pressure in psig and this value is set to 10, the
controller will limit the setpoint to 10 psig/sec.)
Parameter 8 contains the deadband for controller output, in other words,
the controller stops calculating the output when the error is within the
defined deadband.
Parameter 11 defines the controller action.
When set to 1, it is direct action, defined as an increasing PV increases
the Output.
When set to 0, it is reverse action, defined as a decreasing PV increases
the Output.
Parameter 12 places the PID to setpoint track the PV when the loop is in
manual.
Parameter 13 defines independent PID terms when set to 0.
Parameter 14 defines the proportional term based on error when set to 1.
When set to 0, the proportional term is based on PV.

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

MaxGov PID

Use this page to configure settings related to the Maximum Governor Limiter
PID function. Table 21 shows the configuration parameters.

Table 21 - Maximum Governor Limiter PID Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 MaxGovLim PID Kp 0100 TBD TBD
(Proportional Gain)
2 MaxGovLim PID Ki 0100 TBD TBD
(Integral action in repeats/min)
3 MaxGovLim PID Kd 0100 0 0
(Derivative seconds; usually 0)
4 PID CV Max 0110 100 100
5 PID CV Min 0100 0 0
6 MaxGov Threshold 015000 20 20

This function overrides the speed PID controller when the speed goes above
maximum governor plus the defined threshold in parameter 6. Set your gains
equal to or greater than your speed PID gains.

Modbus

Use this page to configure settings related to the Modbus serial port. Table 22
shows the configuration parameters.

Table 22 - Modbus Serial Port Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 Modbus Slave ID 1247 N.A. N.A.
2 Modbus Range 032768 N.A. N.A.
3 Port Speed Configuration 038400 N.A. N.A.
4 Port Parity Configuration 02 N.A. N.A.
5 Port Speed Read back 038400 N.A. N.A.
6 Port Parity Read back 05 N.A. N.A.
7 Port Update 01 N.A. N.A.

Note: Refer to Chapter 7 Modbus Interface of this manual for details regarding
the Modbus interface.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Auxiliary PID PV

Use this page to configure settings related to configuration of the Auxiliary PID
PV. Table 23 shows the configuration parameters.

Table 23 - Auxiliary PID PV Configuration Parameters


Parameter Description Range Example 1 Example 2
1 PV EU Minimum 0999999 N.A. N.A.

2 PV EU Maximum 0999999 N.A. N.A.

3 Hi Alarm Limit 0999999 N.A. N.A.

4 Lo Alarm Limit 0999999 N.A. N.A.

5 Alarm Deadband 0999999 N.A. N.A.

6 Has Hi Alarm 01 N.A. N.A.

7 Has Lo Alarm 01 N.A. N.A.

8 Scaling Type 01 N.A. N.A.

Details:
Parameter 5 specifies the alarm deadband if parameters 6 or 7 are set to 1.
Parameter 6 is set to 1 if a high alarm is required.
Parameter 7 is set to 1 if a low alarm is required.
Parameter 8 is set to 0 if linear scaling is required, or set to 1 to enable
square root extraction.

Parameter List Configuration All pages and parameters must be configured and downloaded to the controller.
It is possible to edit (configure) a single parameter at a time or edit all the
parameters per page in a single step by editing values as required, saving, and
downloading the changes to the controller.

Note: For safety reasons, the configuration parameters cant be changed while the
turbine is running. When the turbine is running, the button shows a
padlock symbol to indicate that it is locked. However, the parameters can be
updated on the Parameter Details screen (restored) for reading if the turbine is
running.

Use the Parameter Configuration screen on the HMI to view and configure the
parameter s by following these steps.

1. Press to close any open pop-up screens and return to a main screen
showing the navigation toolbar.

2. Press on the navigation toolbar.

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

The Maintenance screen appears.

3. Press to page forward, or to page backward as needed to


navigate to the Maintenance screen Page 1, as shown below.

4. Press to open the Parameter Configuration screen.

Parameter List Actions

The functions performed when using the parameter list action buttons are
illustrated in Figure 42 and explained in detail in Figure 43 and Table 24.

Figure 42 - Parameter List Action Details

Select List

Edit
Parameter

Save
Restore Restore
HMI File
Upload Memory
Controller

Download

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Figure 43 - Parameter Configuration Screen Components


D
E
F
A
G
H

B
I

J
C
K

Table 24 - Parameter List Actions Details


Item Action Required Description
Security
A Parameter List None Indicates the result of the last action performed.
Action Status
B Parameter List None Shows the parameter pages list for the parameters in the Parameter Details Table.
Selector
C Parameter None Contains information required to define parameters. The three columns show:
Details Table PARAMETERS: the parameter list
CURR: the current values being used by the controller
FILE: the values saved in the HMI file memory, which is the data that will be downloaded to the controller
D Restore O, S, M, E, Updates the Parameter Details table screen values:
or A Parameter names are read from the HMI file memory.
CURR value is read from the controller (read once, not continuous).
FILE value is read from the HMI file memory.
E Upload E or A Reads values from the controller and stores them in the HMI file memory.
Pressing Upload does not update screen values.
After an upload, press Restore to view uploaded values on the screen.
F Download E or A Writes values from the HMI file memory to the controller.
Pressing the Download button does not write values from the screen to the controller and does not read values from the controller
(doesnt update CURR column).
If you have modified values on the screen using Edit Parameter, then use Save before a download.
After a download, use Restore to update CURR values from the controller.
G Save E or A Saves all the screen values for the current parameter list to the HMI file memory. This function is normally used after making changes using
Edit Parameter.
Does not save CURR values (from the controller) to the HMI file memory.
To save controller values to the HMI file memory, use Upload.
H Close Button None Closes the Parameter Configuration Screen.
I Parameter List None Scrolls down or up through the parameter lists.
Selector Scroll
Buttons
J Scroll Parameter None Scrolls up through the parameters for the selected parameter list.
Selection Up

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Item Action Required Description


Security
K Edit Parameter E or A Modifies the value presented on screen in the FILE column using a pop-up on-screen keypad for data entry.
Does not change the value in the Controller.
Does not change the value in the HMI file memory.
After making changes using Edit Parameter, use Save to write any changed parameter values to the HMI file memory.
L Scroll Parameter None Scrolls down through the parameters for the selected parameter list.
Selection Down

Working with the parameter lists typically requires completion of a sequence of


actions to accomplish the desired task. Use the following table to identify the task
you want to complete and the steps to complete that task.

Table 25 - Configuration Tasks


What Task Do You Want to Accomplish? Recommended Action Sequence
I want to view parameter configuration settings. 1. Select the desired parameter list.
2. Press Restore to update the parameter table.
3. Scroll as required to view parameter values.
I want to configure parameters for a new system. For each parameter list:
1. Select the desired parameter list.
2. Press Restore to update the parameter table on the screen.
3. For each parameter in the list, press Edit Parameter to set the desired value.
4. Press Save to save the configuration to the HMI file memory.
5. Press Download to download the configuration to the controller.
6. Press Restore to confirm the controller values.
I want to modify settings currently in use in the controller. Is your compressor running?
Yes: You cannot use the Parameter Configuration screen to make changes. Instead, you can use the device
faceplates on the HMI to change many configuration parameters.
No: Perform the following steps:
1. Use the parameter list selector scroll buttons to select a parameter list.
2. Press Restore to update the parameter table. The CURR and FILE columns are updated from the
controller and from HMI file memory respectively.
3. Use the Scroll Parameter Selection Up and Down buttons to review the table to determine if the
parameter you want to change is in this list. If so continue; if not return to step 1.
4. Press Upload to write the controller values to the HMI file memory.
5. Press Restore to update the Parameter Details Table. The FILE column is updated from the Upload.
6. Scroll to the parameter you want to change, press Edit Parameter, enter the desired value on the
keypad that appears, and press Edit Parameter again. Repeat for all parameters to be changed in this
list.
7. Repeat step 1step 6 for all parameter lists to be changed.
8. Press Save to save the changes to the HMI file memory.
9. Press Download to download the FILE column configuration to the controller.
10. Press Restore to confirm the controller parameter values. Both CURR and FILE columns are updated
with the new values.
I have changed settings in the controller using device faceplates Is your compressor running?
on the HMI. Now I want to save the controller values to the HMI Yes: Wait until the compressor stops.
file memory.
No: Complete the following steps:
For each parameter list:
1. Select the desired parameter list.
2. Press Upload to upload the controller values to the HMI file memory.
3. Optional: Press Restore to update the parameter table values on the HMI screen. You can verify that
the CURR and FILE values now match.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

What Task Do You Want to Accomplish? Recommended Action Sequence


I have replaced my controller, and it is loaded with the default If you have replaced the controller, you may need to re-activate the HMI. Refer to Activate the HMI on page 23.
SSCC Logix application and settings. All my configured settings
are saved in the HMI file memory. I want to apply all my settings If your HMI is successfully activated, follow these steps for each parameter list:
in the HMI to the controller.
1. Select the desired parameter list.
2. Press Restore to display the contents of the list on the HMI screen.
3. Review the list, verifying that the FILE column has the intended values.
4. Press Download to download the values to the controller.
5. Press Restore to refresh the list on the screen.
6. Review and confirm that the CURR values (from the controller) now match the FILE values (from the HMI file
memory).
All my settings are saved in the HMI file memory. I want to make In order to make an archive copy to a compact flash memory card, the normal HMI color graphics must be shut
an archive copy to a compact flash memory card. down to allow access to the PanelView Plus file utilities. During this time, the HMI will be unavailable for
compressor operation.

Follow these steps to shut down the HMI graphics. (Security privilege is required.)
1. Navigate to Maintenance Screen Page 1.

2. Press to display the Hardware Status screen.


3. Scroll to Hardware Status Screen Page 3 for PanelView maintenance.

4. Press to shut down the HMI graphics.


5. Follow instructions in the PanelView Plus user manual for details to access the file utilities and copy the HMI
application file to your compact flash card.

Configuration Example 1

The following example illustrates an SVST application. Table 26 lists the data
available for the example application.

Table 26 - Configuration Example 1 Input Data

Cold Warm
Idle 1: 1000 rpm Idle 1: 1000 rpm
Idle 1 Soak Period: 10 min Idle 1 Soak Period: 5 min
Idle 2: 3000 rpm Idle 2: -----------
Idle 2 Soak Period: 10 min Idle 2 Soak Period: 0 min
Operation Speed: 3600 rpm Operation Speed: 3600 rpm
Speed Regulation 5% Speed Regulation 5%
External Overspeed Trip @ 110% of Operation Speed External Overspeed Trip @ 110% of Operation Speed
Acceleration: 250 rpm/min Acceleration: 500 rpm/min
Down time > 12 hours

In addition to the thermal condition data, the following information is available:


Number of Magnetic Pickups is 2.
The pickups are mounted on a gear that rotates two times faster than the
turbine shaft.
The number of teeth seen by the pickups is 30.
The governor control valve is linear.

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

No critical speeds are defined.


Generator load control with a 5% droop is required.
The governor can control the turbine speed using the control valve around
300 rpm.
In order to reach minimum control speed, the control valve should be at a
minimum of 15%.
The stop valve has limit switches.

Sometimes the data available for a given application cant be directly entered into
the configuration parameter table. In these cases, a good level of understanding of
the machine that is going to be controlled is required.

Step 1: Convert the acceleration rates from rpm/minute to rpm/second by


dividing each value by 60, which yields 4.1666 and 8.3333.

Step 2: Identify the minimum and maximum governor, using the 5% speed
regulation data. It is desirable to control the speed between 3420 rpm and 3780
rpm, with 5% of the operation speed being at 180 rpm.

Step 3: Identify the overspeed trip setting, given that the external overspeed trip
device should trip at 110% of the operation speed. Therefore 3600 x 1.1 = 3960
rpm. This also means that the maximum control speed needs to be set above
3960 rpm to allow the overspeed test to be performed, therefore maximum
control speed is 4000 rpm.

Finally, the generator control data doesnt provide the initial load for the
generator or load rates. For this example, we will use 5% as the initial load, with
1% per second as the initial load rate and 2% per second as the regular load/
unload rate.

Note: The above example is for generator control where the grid frequency is 60
Hz and the generator number of poles is 2, synchronous speed = 120 f /p, where f
is in units of Hz and p is the number of poles. For countries where the grid
frequency is 50 Hz, if the generator is a 2-poles machine, then synchronous speed
= 120 x 50 / 2, which is 3000 rpm.

IMPORTANT Although the data presented here represent an actual application, it is used for
example purposes only. You must gather and use the data specific to your
application.

Check the suggested settings for this example in Configuration Parameters on


page 43.

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SVST Configuration Chapter 5

Configuration Example 2

The following example illustrates another SVST application. Table 27 lists the
data available for the example application.

Table 27 - Configuration Example 2 Input Data


Cold Warm
Idle 1: 750 rpm Idle 1: 750 rpm
Idle 1 Soak Period: 10 min Idle 1 Soak Period: 5 min
Idle 2: 4600 rpm Idle 2: 4600 rpm
Idle 2 Soak Period: 15 min Idle 2 Soak Period: 5 min
Minimum Governor: 5850 rpm Minimum Governor: 5850 rpm
Maximum Governor: 9540 rpm Maximum Governor: 9540 rpm
External Overspeed Trip @ 10350 rpm External Overspeed Trip @ 10350 rpm
Idle1 acceleration: 12.5 rpm/sec Idle1 acceleration: 12.5 rpm/sec
Idle2 acceleration: 4.0 rpm/sec Idle2 acceleration: 4.0 rpm/sec
Down time > 12 hours

In addition to the thermal condition data, the following information is available:


Number of Magnetic Pickups is 3.
Two failed pickups should trip the turbine.
The pickups are mounted directly on the turbine shaft (no speed ratio).
The number of teeth seen by the pickups is 60.
The governor control valve isnt linear. (See data below.)
The turbine drives a centrifugal compressor, the compressor critical band is
31093763 rpm, while the turbine critical band is 36504250 rpm, and
acceleration rate for critical band is 170 rpm/second.
Remote speed control is desired via an analog input.
The governor can control the turbine speed using the control valve around
400 rpm.
To reach minimum control speed, the control valve should be at a
minimum of 20%. If speed is not detected within 15 seconds, the turbine
should trip.
The trip and throttle valve has limit switches.
The governor should trip the turbine if speed goes above 10395 rpm.
Run speed is 6000 rpm, accelerating to run at 2.25 rpm/second.
Normal operation allows an acceleration rate of 4.0 rpm/second.

Step 1: Consolidate a critical band that works for both the turbine and
compressor (for example, 28004500 rpm.) It is recommended to set the values
with some margin, so our margin is around 250 rpm. Also, the delta is 1700 rpm,
so at 170 rpm/second, the critical stall timer should set around 1012 seconds.

Step 2: Identify the relationship that describes the steam flow versus the control
valve position, sometimes known as characterization. Table 28 shows that
relationship for this example.

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Chapter 5 SVST Configuration

Table 28 - Configuration Example 2 Characterization of Steam Flow versus CV position


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Controller Output 0 4.2 11.2 14.5 56.8 65.7 94.7 100


Output to Actuator 0 11.7 29.4 34.7 53.7 58.4 86.0 100
Output in mA 4.0 5.87 8.71 9.55 12.59 13.34 17.76 20.00

Check the suggested settings for this example in Configuration Parameters on


page 43.

IMPORTANT Although the data presented here represent an actual application, it is used for
example purposes only. You must gather and use the data specific to your
application.

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Chapter 6

Operation

This chapter describes the process of putting the SVST into operation. It also
describes the remote control features available after the turbine is in operation.

Table 29 speed configuration settings are used as the basis for the examples in this
chapter to demonstrate the application features. For instructions for configuring
parameters, refer to Chapter 5 SVST Configuration.

Table 29 - Sample Configuration Showing Speed Settings


Parameter Value
Turbine minimum control speed 350 rpm
Turbine minimum governor 3420 rpm
Turbine maximum governor 3780 rpm
Turbine maximum control speed 4000 rpm
Turbine External Protection Trip 3900 rpm
Turbine Idle1 speed 1000 rpm
Turbine Idle1 acceleration Cold 4.17 rpm/s
Turbine Idle1 acceleration Not Cold 8.33 rpm/s
Turbine Idle2 speed 3000 rpm
Turbine Idle2 acceleration Cold 8.33 rpm/s
Turbine Idle2 acceleration Not Cold 16.67 rpm/s
Turbine Critical speed band 1 11001400 rpm
Turbine Critical speed band 2 31003300 rpm
Turbine run speed 3600 rpm
Turbine run acceleration Cold 8.33 rpm/s
Turbine run acceleration Not Cold 16.67 rpm/s

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Chapter 6 Operation

Governor States The SVST uses a software state engine to control phases of the turbine startup
and operation. The turbine startup is a sequential process to take the machine
from zero speed up to operation speed. Therefore, at any given time the governor
uses a state to represent its current operation, for example, Acceleration.

These are the possible SVST governor states:


Shutdown (or Initial)
Not Ready
Ready
Acceleration
Hold
Idle 1
Idle 2
Running
Overspeed Test (OST)
Stopping
Generator On

The Home Screen Page 2 shows the current system state.

Figure 44 - Home Screen Page 2 Shutdown


Interlocks
Button

Main
Toolbar

Master Shutdown
Reset Button
Button

The initial state is Shutdown. The SVST application goes to this state
whenever these conditions are detected:
System powerup
Any interlock is active (turbine trip)
The button for the Interlocks screen turns red when an interlock is active.
When the system is ready to be reset, the Master Reset button is available;
otherwise it is dimmed.

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Operation Chapter 6

Governor Valve Manual For calibration and maintenance purposes only, the SVST lets you to manually
stroke the governor valve. This operation can be performed in two ways,
Stroke supervised (default) and not supervised.

Supervised Manual Stroke

When performing the supervised manual stroke, the governor checks for the stop
valve status and speed detection.
The turbine stop valve must be closed.
The turbine should be at zero speed.

The SVST application enters the Not Ready state when these conditions are met:
Stop valve is closed.
Interlocks are clear.

Figure 45 - Home Screen Page 2 Not Ready

Figure 46 - Permissives Screen Stop Valve Not Closed

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Chapter 6 Operation

Enable Manual Stroke

IMPORTANT When the stop valve is closed and its position is confirmed in the field, the
manual stroke can proceed.

Follow these steps to enable the manual stroke function.

1. Navigate to the Maintenance Screen.


2. In Device Operation & Settings, select Governor Valve.

3. Press .
The Governor Valve page appears.

4. Press .

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Operation Chapter 6

5. Confirm that the button turns yellow.

Manual
Mode

Numeric
Entry

Perform Calibration

1. Enter a new Control Value (CV).


a. Press the numeric entry.
b. Enter the desired CV.

This example uses a CV of 10%.

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Chapter 6 Operation

When you initially enter the new CV, the new value does not go to the
controller until you confirm it. Before confirmation, you can change the
value to zero or to the previous value.

c. To confirm the new CV, press .


The display updates.

In this view, the yellow arrow indicates that the entered CV has been
pushed to the governor valve output.
2. Complete the calibration procedure/check by changing the CV value as
required from minimum to maximum position.

ATTENTION: The unit is equipped with an Emergency Stop button on the


panel. If speed is detected, or noise or indication of turbine rotation,
immediately press the E-stop.

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Return to Normal Settings

After you have finished the calibration procedure, complete these steps.

1. Reset the CV to 0%.


2. Disable the Manual Stroke by pressing the MAN button.
3. Return to the Home Screen Page 3, which shows manual entry for the CV
is disabled (at 0%).

4. If the trip valve has a closed status limit switch indication, configure it
using the HMI configuration in Parameters Screen Page 4 shown below.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Not Supervised Manual Stroke

ATTENTION: This is a manual operation and caution is highly recommended.


The proper safety measures must be in place when performing this task.

The Not Supervised manual stroke can be used for the following:
Calibration of the governor valve
Calibration of magnetic pickups or speed sensors
Checking an external overspeed protection system without running the
governor through the automated start-up sequence

When the unit doesn't have a limit switch to indicate the stop valve closed
position or speed detection is allowed (in other words, magnetic pickups
calibration), follow these steps.

Enable Not Supervised Manual Stroke

1. Navigate to the Governor Valve screen.

2. Press .
The Governor Valve Enable Not Supervised Man. Stroke screen appears.

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3. Check the option for Enable Not Supervised Man. Stroke.

The manual stroke is enabled, as shown in the illustration below. Note that
the stop valve status is Open even though the Manual button is enabled.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Perform Calibration

Complete the steps in Perform Calibration beginning on page 65. These steps let
you enter a new CV value, for example, 5% (as shown here).

After you enter and confirm a value for CV, it goes to governor valve analog
output, and speed detection is allowed without cancelling the operation.
However, if the speed reaches the External Protection Overspeed Trip Setpoint,
then an overspeed trip is generated.

Return to Normal Settings

After you have finished the calibration procedure, complete these steps.

1. Reset the CV to 0%.


2. Before proceeding with a start-up, disable (uncheck) the option for Enable
Not Supervised Man. Stroke.

Note: This is necessary because when a Not Supervised manual stroke has
been enabled, the governor moves to the Not Ready state and the
permissive for governor valve at minimum position is lost.
3. Return to the Home Screen Page 3.

Thermal Condition Before starting the turbine, it is necessary to select the machines current thermal
condition. The SVST uses these two thermal conditions:
Cold
Not Cold (warm)

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To check the current thermal condition, navigate to the Home Screen Page 4.

Figure 47 - Home Screen Page 4 Thermal Condition

You can select the means by which to set the thermal condition status using either
of these options:
Calculated by the controller based on the turbine stopped time. This
setting, which is configurable, is the number of hours after which the
system automatically sets the thermal condition to cold.
Manually selected from the HMI. This procedure is described as follows.

To manually select the status for the current condition, complete these steps.

1. On the Home Screen Page 4 for Thermal Condition, press .

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The view of the display changes. Notice that buttons are available to select
either condition, cold or not cold. In this example, the current condition is
cold.

2. To change the current condition, press the Not Cold option.


The display changes to indicate the status as Not Cold.

3. Confirm idle speeds for Cold and Not Cold, located on the Home Screen
Page 5.

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4. Confirm acceleration rates for Cold and Not Cold, located on the Home
Screen Page 6.

Interlocks and Permissives Interlocks and Permissives must be cleared prior to a turbine startup.
An Interlock is a condition that needs to be normal (healthy) in order to
operate. The SVST governor does not move from the shutdown state
when any interlock signal remains active. All interlocks must be healthy to
move from the shutdown state.
A Permissive is a condition that needs to be healthy in order to start, but
after the sequence has started, the healthy condition can be lost without
affecting the system.

Interlocks

To check the status of the Interlocks, on the tool bar, press (or .)

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The current status of Interlocks displays (Figure 48). When an interlock signal is
healthy, its status is displayed as a green check mark.

Figure 48 - Interlock Screen Page 1 Status view, all healthy

Table 30 describes each interlock.

Table 30 - Descriptions of Interlocks


Interlock Description
Underspeed Trip Trips the turbine when speed falls below minimum control speed.
Fail-safe Timer Trip Trips the turbine when the start command is sent and no speed is detected
for a period of time.
Magnetic Pickup Failure Trip Trips the turbine when a voted magnetic pickups failure is detected, such as
two magnetic pickups failed.
Loss of Speed Control Trips the turbine when the speed becomes uncontrollable.
Overspeed Trip Trips the turbine when the speed goes above the External Protection Trip
setting.
Turbine E-stop Trips the turbine when pressed at the turbine control panel.
External Trip 1 Trips the turbine when an external contact is exerted. This is a user-defined
signal, for example, a low oil pressure trip or a process trip signal.
External Trip 2 Same as external trip 1.
External Trip 3 Same as external trip 1.

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Example: Turbine E-stop Button Pressed

When the turbine E-stop button is pressed, several actions take place.
The interlock screen changes to the tripped (unhealthy) status for that
interlock, as in Figure 49.

Figure 49 - Interlock Screen Page 1 E-stop pressed

The red X indicates that the signal is tripped (unhealthy).


The yellow rectangle indicates that this was the first output event.

The interlock button on the toolbar changes to red: .


If External Trip1 is activated after the E-stop button is pressed, the display
updates as in Figure 50.

Figure 50 - Interlock Screen Page 1 External Trip 1 and EStop

Notice that the External Trip 1 is marked as active, however, the Turbine
EStop remains marked as the first output trip signal.
The interlock signals are latched by the controller.

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To reset interlocks, they must return to the healthy condition and when
this happens, the reset interlock button becomes available. In Figure 50,
the interlock reset button is dimmed, indicating that the interlocks cannot
be reset, whereas in Figure 51, the interlocks have cleared but are still
latched, the reset button is active, and the interlocks can now be reset.

Figure 51 - Interlock Screen Page 1 Showing available reset button active

When the Reset button is pressed, the interlock page updates (Figure 52).

Figure 52 - Interlock Screen Page 1 Reset pushed with all clear status

External Trips 13

If any of external trips 13 are not used, there are options to make them appear
healthy, allowing clearing interlocks and getting ready to start.
Jumper their corresponding marshalling terminals. (See Chapter 3 SVST
Hardware Description - Digital Inputs.)
Invert their signal polarity through the HMI. (See Inverting Signal
Polarity for External Trips on page 77.)
Apply a bypass through the HMI. This is similar to inverting signal
polarity, however, when a bypass is applied, the alarm status remains active.
(See Apply a Bypass on page 79.)

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Inverting Signal Polarity for External Trips

1. Navigate to the Maintenance screen.

2. Press .
The Interlock Configuration screen appears.

Note: External Trip3 is located on page 2 of this screen.

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Chapter 6 Operation

3. Invert each external trips signal polarity as needed by checking the


appropriate box in the Invert column.

Note the following constraints about inverting polarity:


The invert function requires an engineer log-in level.
It is only possible to invert polarity for interlocks 6...9 (Turbine EStop and
External Trips 13.)
Polarity for interlocks 1...5 is internally locked by the SVST application.
The turbine can not be in operation. If the system detects that the turbine
is running, a padlock appears indicating that the configuration for
invert is locked down.

Figure 53 shows the interlock status when each of the unused external trips is
ready to be reset. After the reset is applied, they should become healthy (with a
green check mark.) An interlock reset is required since they are latched by the
application.

Figure 53 - Interlocks Statusready to reset after inverting

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IMPORTANT Rockwell Automation recommends the use of normally energized signals for
these interlocks:
Turbine E-stop
External Trip1
External Trip2
External Trip3

Apply a Bypass

You can apply a bypass similar to the Invert Signal Polarity process, but this time
checking the Bypassable boxes instead of the Invert boxes, as described below.

1. Navigate to the Maintenance screen.

2. Press .
The Interlock Configuration screen appears with default settings.

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3. Set each external trip to apply a bypass as needed by checking the


appropriate box in the Bypassable column.

Note: External Trip3 is located on page 2 of this screen.

4. Close the Interlock Configuration screen by pressing .


5. Navigate to the Maintenance screen.

6. To apply the bypass, press .


Note: This button to apply or remove the bypass is displayed only when
recipe 14 parameter 10 (Has Bypass) is set to 1.

The interlock icon


changes to yellow
with a warning sign,
indicating that some
interlocks have been
bypassed.

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A bypassed interlock is represented with a dimmed status regardless of the


current condition (healthy or unhealthy) as shown for External Trip1 and
External Trip2 in Figure 54.

Figure 54 - Interlocks Screen Page 1 After bypass applied

Unlike inverting a signal, a bypass can be applied at any time (Figure 55), whereas
it is not possible to invert signals when the turbine is running.

Figure 55 - Interlock Configuration Bypass only available

ATTENTION: Bypasses are intended to help with instrument maintenance only.


It is not recommended to leave signals permanently bypassed. When the
maintenance work is complete, make sure all bypasses are removed.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Permissives

The Permissives screen is used to check the status of the permissives. To access

this screen, press . The Permissives screen has one page. Healthy permissive
signals display a green check mark.

Table 31 describes each permissive.

Table 31 - Permissive Descriptions


Permissives Description
Stop Vlv Not Closed The stop valve should be not closed, or partially open, to allow steam to flow
through the turbine.
Gov Valve at min Pos The governor valve should be at minimum position.
External Permissive This is a user signal which can be used for different types of permissives.
For example, a slow turbine roll could be used as an external permissive.
Speed FB Permissive The speed processing unit verifies that speed is zero before starting.
Speed < Min Control Speed should be below minimum control.
Hardware Status The hardware integrity should be such that allows the unit to operate.
Configuration Error The system should have no configuration errors detected in order to start.

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Example: Activated External Permissive Resulting in Hardware Fault

When an external permissive is activated and a resulting hardware fault is found,


the permissive display updates (Figure 56).

Figure 56 - Permissive Screen Activated fault displayed

Similar to interlocks, the permissive screen shows the first output event and status
of each permissive.

The permissive signals arent latched by the controller, therefore when they return
to normal (healthy), the display updates this condition and no reset is required.

The same procedure for inverting or bypassing interlocks can be applied to a


permissive, however, the only permissive that accepts inverting or bypassing is the
External Permissive (Figure 57).

Figure 57 - Permissive Screen After bypass applied

ATTENTION: Bypasses are intended to help with instrument maintenance only.


It is not recommended to leave signals permanently bypassed. After the
maintenance work is completed, make sure all bypasses are removed.

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Chapter 6 Operation

State Transitions: Shutdown to Startup

Before the SVST will start, all interlocks and permissives must be cleared. The
transitions between the states are explained in Table 32 and illustrated thereafter.

Table 32 - Transitions Between States


State Transition Conditions
Shutdown The governor goes to Shutdown when any interlock or trip signal is activated.
Not Ready The governor moves from Shutdown to Not Ready when all interlocks are clear but there is one or more
permissive missing.
Ready The governor moves to Ready when both interlocks and permissives are healthy.

Shutdown: The governor goes to Shutdown state when any interlock or trip
signal is activated.

Home Screen Page 2: SVST in Shutdown

Not Ready: The governor moves from Shutdown to Not Ready when all
interlocks are clear but there is one or more permissive missing.

Permissive Screen: Stop Valve Not Closed Home Screen Page 2: Not Ready status

Ready: The governor moves to Ready when both interlocks and permissives are
healthy, in this case, when the Stop Valve opens.

Permissive Screen: all healthy status Home Screen Page 2: SVST ready to start

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Startup This section describes the various aspects of the start-up process.

Start-up Sequence

ATTENTION: Do not attempt to start the turbine if the units configuration


hasnt been completed. All relevant configuration parameters discussed in
Chapter 5 SVST Configuration must be properly configured.

ATTENTION: Be prepared to perform an E-stop to protect against runaway or


overspeed.

IMPORTANT It is highly recommended that alarms or warnings be cleared before starting


the turbine. The toolbar icons for alarms and warnings should be white,
indicating that none of these categories has active items.

When improper configuration is detected by the controller, the warning icon


turns yellow and a configuration error is generated. Press the Warnings icon on
the tool bar to go to the Warning screen Page 2, as shown in Figure 58.

Figure 58 - Warning Screen Page 2 Configuration Error

IMPORTANT Under this condition, the turbine cant be started. Check the settings, and if you
cant clear this condition after you have entered the proper information to the
controller, contact Rockwell Automation for support.

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When ready to start, the Home Screen Page 2 should look like Figure 59.

Figure 59 - Home Screen Page 2 Ready to start

1. Press to start the turbine.

The following events occur:


The governor moves to accelerating
The fail-safe timer starts
The governor valve ramps open at the open loop ramp rate
2. If your unit has a trip and throttle valve, open the steam flow manually so
that the turbine can reach minimum control speed.

Minimum control speed is the speed at which the governor can start
accelerating the turbine in a closed-loop control strategy. Consider these
factors:
Magnetic pickups reading
Steam flow through the governor valve

The speed input module (HSC) starts sensing speed when enough voltage
is generated by the magnetic pickups.
Minimum voltage is approximately 5.4 volts peak-to-peak.
Maximum is 60 volts peak-to-peak.

Depending on the sensor type and air gap, the minimum speed reading
could be as low as 200 rpm.

In addition to the speed sensing, it is also required that the control valve be
able to regulate the steam flow through the turbine. For example, if the
speed input module starts sensing speed around 200 rpm and the governor
valve can control speed around 500 rpm and above, then the minimum
control speed should be adjusted to 500 rpm.

Note: If your application requires controlling speed at lower rpm rates, a


signal conditioner can be installed, for example, CALEX model 8560.

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Another option could be to change the speed sensor from a magnetic


pickup (passive) type to a hall effect (active) type that provides a 24V DC
square wave output.

Figure 60 - Home Screen Page 2 Accelerating status

Note: If the fail-safe timer expires before reaching minimum control speed,
the turbine trips.

When the minimum control speed is reached, the turbine continues to


accelerate until the next defined idle speed, or to the rated running speed
target if the idle speed has not been configured. The acceleration rate
depends on the turbine thermal condition.
3. After closed loop acceleration is reached, the following actions are
recommended.
Halt the turbine acceleration for tuning of the speed PID. When
performing a halt, make sure the turbine is placed in a safe speed.
Check the magnetic pickups.
Check the speed trends.
Check the alarms.

When the acceleration is halted, the governor switches to Hold (Figure 61).

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Figure 61 - Home Screen Page 2 In Hold status

A typical start-up trend should look like Figure 62. This figure shows:
The governor valve (blue pen) ramping up
The turbine (red pen) picking up speed
Minimum control speed achieved (intersection of blue pen and red pen)
The governor controlling the speed from this point
Finally, the speed is held, for example for tuning

Figure 62 - Turbine Speed Trend Display

After the speed controller is tuned, this operation doesnt need to be performed
unless conditions change.

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Manual Operation

Manual manipulation of the governor valve when the turbine is running is not
allowed. However, it is possible to halt the start-up sequence using the Hold
command and then increase or decrease the speed setpoint using the Raise and
Lower speed commands. The speed controls can be accessed from the Home
Screen Page 3 (Figure 63).

Figure 63 - Home Screen Page 3 Available speed controls

A G

H
B
C
I

D J

Table 33 describes the functions available on the Speed PID page.

Table 33 - Speed PID Page Functions


Item Description
A Current Local/Remote Control, in this case, local control.
B Current speed SetPoint (CSP).
C Remote Speed Setpoint. The remote speed setpoint operation is only allowed after the governor has
finished the turbine startup and is in running state. This function is described in Analog Input Speed
Setpoint on page 96.
D Next SetPoint, the next speed target, in this case, Idle1 speed.
E Lower Speed button.
F Raise Speed button.
G Process variable (PV)
For the Speed PID, this is the current speed measurement after pickup voting since, for the Speed PID, the
process variable is speed and the speed is a result of voting the magnetic pickups readings.
H The speed (PV) as a vertical bar, with the triangle indicating the setpoint.
I The governor valve current CV.
J Current CV.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Idle Speeds

When the initial tuning and checkup is completed, the acceleration can be

resumed by pressing (resume). The governor switches to accelerating and


takes the turbine to the next configured idle speed.

When in idle, it is possible to confirm the current state of operation by going to


the Home Screen Page 2, as in Figure 64.

Figure 64 - Home Screen Page 2 In Idle 1

Also, you can check the current elapsed time by navigating to Page 4. Figure 65
shows:
The current thermal condition is Not Cold.
The current speed is Idle1.
The current configuration has an idle time of 1:30s.
The elapsed time is 1:19s.

Figure 65 - Home Screen Page 4 Idle1 Set and Elapsed Time

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The SVST can handle two idle speeds with different acceleration rates and hold
times, so in the same manner, when reaching Idle2 the corresponding state on
Page 2 (Figure 66) and hold time on Page 4 (Figure 67) update accordingly.

Figure 66 - Home Screen Page 2 In Idle2

Note the following.

It is possible to skip the idle waiting period by pressing . This resumes


the acceleration phase.

If you press during the idle time, the governor moves to hold state

and cancels the idle timer. Pressing initiates the acceleration again.

Figure 67 - Home Screen Page 4 Idle2 Set and Elapsed Time

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Chapter 6 Operation

Critical Speed Avoidance

Many turbines have critical speeds (sometimes referred to as no dwell zones)


where vibration harmonics occur. In order to avoid these critical speeds and to
minimize the effect of these vibrations, it is sometimes recommended to
accelerate through the critical speed band as quickly as possible. The SVST allows
configuring two different critical speed bands.

In our example configuration, there is a critical speed band from 11001400 rpm
and a second one from 31003300 rpm. The trend in Figure 68 shows how the
governor accelerates the turbine more quickly through the critical band. Notice
the step in setpoint and governor valve output. The two idle speeds of 1000 and
3000 rpm can also be seen on the trend.

Figure 68 - Speed Trend Display Showing acceleration during critical bands

Note the following.


Hold commands are ignored during the transition in a critical speed band.
If the turbine doesnt reach the higher end of the critical band within a
configured time interval, a turbine stall in critical speed alarm is generated.
Under the stall in critical speed alarm condition, the governor takes the
setpoint down to the lower end of the critical band and switches to hold
state.

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Running State After the acceleration state is completed, the governor enters the running state.
The turbine speed is controlled between minimum and maximum governor
which defines its operating range. This speed is called run speed, and in our
configuration example it is 3600 rpm.

The operation screen showing the current state indicates Running (Figure 69).

Figure 69 - Home Screen Page 2 In Running state

After reaching the Running state, the speed PID updates these screen items:
The Remote push button is enabled.
A numeric entry (white) is available to enter a new setpoint.

Figure 70 - Home Screen Page 3 Updated setpoint in display

When the governor is running and is in local mode, the setpoint can be changed
from the HMI (white numeric entry) or by using the raise and lower inputs. The
setpoint is limited to a value between minimum and maximum governor. The
acceleration rate is limited to the run acceleration rate.

Complete these steps to enter a new setpoint.

1. Press the white numeric entry.

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Chapter 6 Operation

A keypad appears.

2. Enter the value for the new setpoint.

3. Press .
The new setpoint is displayed (Figure 71). The new speed setpoint value
does not immediately transfer to the controller.

Figure 71 - Home Screen Page 3 Adjusting setpoint displayed

4. To confirm the new setpoint, press .


If you change your mind, you can undo the action by changing the setpoint
to the value you had before. Note that setpoint was limited to 3420...3780
rpm in this example (min and max governor).

When you press , the setpoint is taken by the controller and it is ramped,
in this case from 3600...3620 rpm, at the configured running SP increment/
decrement rate, for this example 10 rpm/s.

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When the new setpoint has reached the target of 3620 rpm, the faceplate displays
a link (green arrow shown in Figure 72) between the target setpoint and the
current setpoint indicating that they match.

Figure 72 - Home Screen Page 3 Link arrow between setpoints displayed

Local and Remote Control The SVST allows remote control of the speed setpoint. Only one option can be
enabled for a particular application. The type of option selected cannot be
changed while the turbine is in operation.

The available options are:


Analog Input Speed setpoint
Modbus Speed setpoint
Auxiliary PID setpoint
Generator Control

To select an option, check the configuration parameters on Speed Page 2/Item


12, a numeric index with a range 03. as defined in Table 34.

Table 34 - Remote Control Configuration Parameters


Numeric Index Configuration Parameter
0 Analog Input setpoint

1 Modbus Speed setpoint

2 Auxiliary PID setpoint

3 Generator control

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Figure 73 - Parameters Screen Page 2

Analog Input Speed Setpoint

The SVST can be configured for a remote speed setpoint signal. The speed PID
only takes this remote reference when the governor has reached the running
condition. There are two modes that the remote speed reference functions for the
SVST.
High Select Default mode is a high select between the local and remote
setpoint.
Remote Control A second mode is used when the SVST is switched to
remote control using the HMI push button.

The remote analog input setpoint is a 420 mA signal that the SVST scales from
minimum governor 4 mA to maximum governor 20 mA. The remote speed
setpoint value is shown just below the current speed setpoint numeric display
(CSP).

High Select

With the default high select mode, the speed PID setpoint is the higher between
the local and remote speed reference. The SVST has rates in rpm/s for increasing
or decreasing the setpoint from either source, local or remote. Should the remote
speed reference fail, the SVST reverts to the local setpoint. Note that when using
this mode, the local setpoint does not track the remote signal; however, the Raise
or Lower speed buttons can be used at any time to increase or decrease the local
setpoint.

Figure 74 shows the speed PID faceplate, where the local setpoint is 3600 rpm,
while the remote reference is 3420 rpm. Therefore, the PID uses 3600 rpm, the
higher of the two values.

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Figure 74 - Home Screen Page 3 Speed PID with Local SP Selected

Current Setpoint
Remote Setpoint

Next (Local) Setpoint

Similarly, when the remote signal is higher than the local setpoint, the faceplate
shows that the PID is using the remote reference. Note the green arrow indicating
the remote signal is being used.

Figure 75 - Home Screen Page 3 Speed PID with Remote SP selected

Current Setpoint
Remote Setpoint

Next (Local) Setpoint

Note that when using the default high select function, the overspeed test can be
enabled only if the local setpoint is taken to maximum governor.

Remote Control

When switched to remote control, the speed PID uses the remote speed
reference, while the local setpoint tracks the current speed. This provides a
smooth transfer between local and remote operation.

Figure 76 shows the speed PID faceplate when remote control is selected. Note
how the local setpoint is tracking the current speed, while the current setpoint
CSP is increasing to reach the desired target of 3779 rpm (Figure 77).

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 76 - Home Screen Page 3 Speed PID with Remote selected

Current
Speed

Current Setpoint
Remote Setpoint

Next (Local)
Setpoint

Figure 77 - Home Screen Page 3 CSP matches remote setpoint

Current Setpoint
Remote Setpoint

Next (Local)
Setpoint

Analog Input Integrity

The SVST checks for analog input integrity. If the signal fails, the governor
switches from remote back to local and the setpoint will match the current
turbine speed. An alarm is generated on remote setpoint analog input failure.

Figure 78 - Home Screen Page 3 Setpoint reverts to Local

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Figure 79 - Alarm Screen With Remote SP-Analog Input Failure

Under this condition, the remote button is unavailable until the failure is
corrected. After the failure is fixed, the Remote button is available again and can
be changed back to remote setpoint if desired.

Figure 80 - Home Screen Page 3 Remote available again

Modbus Speed Setpoint

The SVST governor has a built-in RS-232 serial port that can be used for
Modbus communications. For details on the Modbus parameters and available
registers, refer to Chapter 7 Modbus Interface.

When working with a Modbus Remote setpoint, the procedure to change to


remote is the same as the one explained in Analog Input Speed Setpoint on page
96. The indications regarding the remote setpoint and current setpoint on the
faceplate are the same.

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In order to write a new setpoint via the Modbus link, there are two actions that
need to be performed by the remote device (such as DCS).
The setpoint value needs to be written to the holding register 40001.
A confirmation bit needs to be set (pulse type) on coil 0004.

The holding register contains a 16-bit value within the configured Modbus
range. For example, if the Modbus range is 04096, and if the remote device tries
to write 3600 rpm, the holding register must be written with 2048.

The SVST serial port functions as a slave RTU Modbus protocol device. It is the
responsibility of the Modbus master to check the integrity of the Modbus link.

Auxiliary PID Setpoint

The auxiliary PID function allows the SVST to control a process variable by
indirectly controlling the turbine speed. For example, the steam turbine can be a
driver for a blower and the discharge pressure of the blower can be controlled by
increasing/decreasing the turbine speed via the auxiliary PID. In other words, the
auxiliary PID produces a cascade setpoint to the speed PID controller.

When the auxiliary PID control option has been configured, it is possible to get
access to the PID faceplate from the Home Screen Page 4. The Home Screen
Page 4 displays the turbine thermal condition selection during startup (shown in
Figure 16 on page 28), however when the startup is completed, this page is
replaced by the auxiliary PIDs faceplate, shown in Figure 81.

Figure 81 - Home Screen Page 4 Auxiliary PID faceplate

The auxiliary PID tracks the speed controller output when it isnt enabled; this
allows a smooth transfer control. In order to enable it, from page 3, change to

remote by pressing .

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Figure 82 - Home Screen Page 4 Auxiliary PID with adjustable setpoint

When enabled, a numeric entry for the auxiliary PID setpoint is available and the
setpoint can be changed.

In the same manner as the speed PID, the auxiliary PID requires confirmation

after entering a new setpoint (press ).

Figure 83 - Auxiliary PID Setpoint confirmation arrow

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 84 - Auxiliary PID Setpoint established

When the new setpoint is entered, the PID controller updates its output, trying
to the reach the target SP. The setpoint uses a ramp function in percent/sec.

The speed controller now uses the cascaded speed setpoint to adjust the turbine
speed as required by the process.

Figure 85 - Speed PID Cascading setpoint

As with any standard PID controller, it is possible to change the PID mode to

manual. When the loop is placed in manual mode by pressing , you can
manipulate this output to produce an indirect setpoint to the speed controller.
For example, if the CV is changed to 50%, the speed controller ramps the
setpoint to 3600 rpm. (Recalling our configuration example, the minimum
governor was 3420 rpm and the maximum governor was 3780 rpm, therefore
50% of the span corresponds to 3600 rpm.)

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Figure 86 - Auxiliary PID Using the Confirmation arrow

The process to enter a new CV value is the same used to enter a new setpoint for
the PID:

1. Press the white numeric entry.


2. Use the keypad to enter the desired value.
3. Press the confirmation arrow.

Figure 87 - Auxiliary PID confirmed new CV value

Auxiliary PID PV Failure

If the auxiliary PID PV fails, the speed controller changes to operate using a local
setpoint, and an alarm is generated to alert this condition. The remote button is
unavailable until the failure is cleared. This behavior is similar to that described
for the remote analog input setpoint option in case of failure. (See Analog Input
Integrity on page 98.)

To enable this function, set the remote control option to index 2, as listed in
Table 34 on page 95.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 88 - Speed PID Shown with Auxiliary PID PV failure

Figure 89 - Alarm Screen With Auxiliary PID PV failure message

Figure 90 - Speed PID Operate mode with local setpoint

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Operation Chapter 6

Generator Control

The SVST can operate in generator control mode with the following methods of
operation available:
Droop or Load Control
Isochronous (Island Mode) or Frequency Control

This mode of operation relies on an external device or synchronization.

When the governor is in running state and the generator function is enabled, the
Home Screen Page 4 updates as shown in Figure 91.

Figure 91 - Home Screen Page 4 Generator Status Off Line

On this page, these control elements are shown:


Generator current status (multistate indicator with yellow background)
Speed control isochronous push buttons (SCI In, SCI Out)
Grid Breaker status
Generator Breaker status

The generator current status is indicated as any of the following:


Off Line
Droop
Isochronous
Iso Standby

When the generator breaker closes, the governor state indication updates as in
Figure 92.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 92 - Home Screen Page 2 Generator On status

Droop

To work in this mode of operation, the following prerequisites should be met:


Generator is synchronized to the electrical grid.
Grid breaker is closed.
Generator breaker closes after synchronization.

When these prerequisites are met, the Generator Status display updates
(Figure 93).

Figure 93 - Home Screen Page 4 Generator Status Droop mode

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Operation Chapter 6

The Droop or Load control algorithm applies initial load to the generator and
the Home Screen Page 3 updates (Figure 94).

Figure 94 - Home Screen Page 3 Load Control view

When in droop control mode, it is possible to load or unload the generator using
the increase/decrease speed reference inputs. A numeric entry for setpoint is also
available, where the value to be entered is in a 0100% range.

The droop control ramps the setpoint at the configured load rate. You must
configure these values according to your specific machine requirements.

Figure 95 shows an increase in load of about 20%.

Figure 95 - Home Screen Page 3 Load increase

Note: The droop control algorithm relies on a machine that is connected to the
external electrical grid that holds the generator frequency.

ATTENTION: Always unload the generator before opening the generator


breaker, or turbine overspeed can occur.

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 96 - Home Screen Page 3 Load increase verified

Isochronous (Island Mode)

Isochronous mode of operation is only possible when the external grid breaker is
open. There are two ways of putting the control mode in service:
Before Synchronization with both generator breaker and grid breaker
open.
Select the speed control isochronous option by pressing SCI In. When the
generator breaker closes, the system works in isochronous mode. Figure 97
and Figure 98 illustrate these steps.

Figure 97 - Generator Status Iso Standby with generator and grid breaker open

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Operation Chapter 6

Figure 98 - Generator Status Isochronous with generator closed and grid breaker open

After Synchronization both generator breaker and grid breaker are closed.
Select the speed control isochronous option by pressing SCI In. The
system continues to work in Droop control, however the Isochronous
Standby condition is set. When the grid breaker opens and the generator
breaker remains closed, the system is transferred automatically from Droop
control to Isochronous. Figure 99, Figure 100, and Figure 101 illustrate
this sequence.

Figure 99 - Generator Status Droop with both breakers closed

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 100 - Generator Status Isochronous Standby with both breakers closed

Figure 101 - Generator Status Isochronous with Generator Breaker closed & Grid Breaker open

When working in isochronous mode, the turbine speed reference can be adjusted
from page 3. The speed setpoint should be such that the generator keeps the
frequency constant for the load under control, for example, at 3600 rpm.

When working with the generator control feature, the following alarms are
available:
Generator breaker is closed and the grid breaker is open (Figure 102)
Generator load alarm (Figure 103)

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Operation Chapter 6

Figure 102 - Alarm Screen Grid Breaker open and Generator Breaker closed

Figure 103 - Alarm Screen Generator at maximum load

Overspeed Test Overspeed test allows increasing the speed reference above the maximum
governor limit in order to test an external overspeed protection device. The
SVST is equipped with three external trip inputs. Any of these can be used to
connect a signal from the external overspeed trip device and let the SVST know
when a trip has occurred.

Overspeed Test Procedure

In our example with maximum governor at 3780 rpm, the following illustrates
what occurs during the test.

1. To enable the overspeed test, set the speed reference to maximum governor
speed.
2. When the speed reaches maximum governor speed, the OST button
becomes available. Press the OST button to start the overspeed test.

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Chapter 6 Operation

When an overspeed test is in progress, the governor switches to overspeed


test mode, and a warning indication is generated.

A timer starts and the test must be completed within that time, otherwise
the test is cancelled. (See Canceling the Overspeed Test on page 114.)

Figure 104 - Speed PID Showing overspeed test enabled

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Operation Chapter 6

Figure 105 - Home Screen Page 2 Overspeed test in progress

3. At this point, increase the speed reference towards the external protection
trip speed setting (3900 rpm for this example) using the Raise Speed
button.

When the speed goes above 3900 rpm, it is expected that the turbine will trip,
which finishes the test.

Regardless of the external trip setting and test timer elapsed time, when speed
goes above maximum control speed, the governor trips the turbine.

If the turbine does not trip, the test fails. The following shows what happens
when the test fails.
An overspeed test failure alarm is generated.

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Chapter 6 Operation

The test timer keeps running.

If the speed continues above the external trip setting (3900 rpm) when the
timer expires, the turbine trips as shown here.

Canceling the Overspeed Test

The overspeed test can be cancelled manually by releasing the overspeed test
button. Alternatively, when the test timer expires and speed is below the external
trip setting, the test is automatically cancelled. When the overspeed test is
cancelled, the governor takes the speed reference to max governor 5.0 rpm. In
our example with maximum governor at 3780 rpm, this would be 3775 rpm.

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Stop Function The SVST can stop the turbine using any of the available trip signals. An
additional closed-loop deceleration feature, a Stop button, is on the Home Screen
Page 2, shown in Figure 106.

Figure 106 - Home Screen Page 2 Showing available closed loop deceleration Stop button

The Stop button is used when a closed-loop deceleration is desirable for stopping
the turbine. This function has no prerequisite other than that the sequence has
started.

IMPORTANT It is important not to confuse this function with the E-stop. The E-stop
available on the control panels door immediately trips the turbine.

Figure 107 - Home Screen Page 2 Showing closed-loop deceleration in progress

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Chapter 6 Operation

Figure 108 - Speed Screen Showing closed-loop deceleration in progress

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Chapter 7

Modbus Interface

The SVST has an RS-232 serial port for Modbus communications. The protocol
supported is RTU in slave mode. Configuration of the Modbus interface can be
done through either the HMI, covered in this chapter, or with the PC
configuration tool, covered in Appendix A PC Configuration Tool.

Serial Port Configuration Table 35 lists the parameters related to Modbus communications.

Table 35 - Modbus Communications Parameters


Parameter Description Range
1 Modbus Slave ID 1247
2 Modbus Range 032768
3 Port Speed Configuration 038400
4 Port Parity Configuration 02
5 Port Speed Read back 038400
6 Port Parity Read back 05
7 Port Update 01

Parameter 1 is the slave address that the SVST uses for Modbus communications.

Parameter 2 is a value in counts (for example, 4096) used to scale values from
engineering units to raw data so that they can be sent in integer format in a
Modbus command. As an example, if the turbine speed is 7500 rpm and the
Modbus range was configured at 4096, then address 30001 contains a value of
2048 counts.

Parameter 3 is the Port Speed transmission rate in kilobauds per second. This is
the speed that the serial port will work when a Port Update command is issued.

Parameter 4 is the parity configuration for the serial port, with these values:
0: None
1: Odd
2: Even

Parameters 5 and 6 are read-only and represent the current port settings.

Parameter 7, when set to 1 and the parameters are downloaded to the SVST
governor, the Modbus Interface requests the controller to update the serial port
settings.

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Chapter 7 Modbus Interface

Complete these steps to configure the serial port.

1. Press .

2. Press for parameters.

3. For Device Operation & Settings, scroll down to Modbus.


The Modbus configuration page appears.

4. Press Restore .
5. Change your parameters as required.

6. Press Enter .

Refer to Chapter 5 SVST Configuration - Parameter List Configuration for


details on uploading and downloading configuration parameters.

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Boolean Commands (Coils) Table 36 shows the commands that can be sent via Modbus to the SVST. The
commands should be momentary or pulse type.

Table 36 - Modbus Commands for the SVST


Address Data Type Service
0001 BOOL Start
0002 BOOL Stop
0003 BOOL Reset
0004 BOOL Write Modbus Setpoint

The SVST supports Modbus function codes 5 and 15 for the address range
shown above.

Parameter 4 is used to write a Modbus speed setpoint. For example, if the new
speed setpoint is 7500 rpm, then address 40001 value should be set to 2048 in
counts (Modbus range is 4096) and address 0004 should be set to 1 momentarily
to indicate to the SVST to take the new speed setpoint.

Boolean Status (Input Table 37 - Modbus Address (Boolean) and Service

Status) Address Data Type Service


10001 BOOL Trip status
10002 BOOL Alarm status
10003 BOOL Underspeed Trip
10004 BOOL Fail-safe timer trip
10005 BOOL Magnetic Pickups Trip
10006 BOOL Loss of speed control
10007 BOOL Overspeed Trip
10008 BOOL Turbine E-stop
10009 BOOL External Trip
10010 BOOL Remote control selected
10011 BOOL Permissives status ok
10012 BOOL MPU#1 Failed
10013 BOOL MPU#2 Failed
10014 BOOL MPU#3 Failed
10015 BOOL Auxiliary PID in Auto

Use Modbus function code 2 to read from the address range shown above. Status
is 0 for not active and 1 for active condition. For example, when address 10001
reports a value of 1, it indicates a turbine trip condition.

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Chapter 7 Modbus Interface

Analog Status (Input Table 38 - Modbus Address (Analog) and Service

Registers) Address Data Type EU Range Service


30001 INT 015000 rpm Turbine speed
30002 INT 015000 rpm Turbine current speed setpoint
30003 INT 015000 rpm Turbine target speed setpoint
30004 INT 0100% Governor valve output
30005 INT 015000 rpm Remote setpoint
30006 INT 015000 rpm Speed Channel 1 in rpm
30007 INT 015000 rpm Speed Channel 2 in rpm
30008 INT 015000 rpm Speed Channel 3 in rpm
30009 INT EU MinEU Max Auxiliary PID setpoint
30010 INT EU MinEU Max Auxiliary PID pv
30011 INT 0100% Auxiliary PID output
30012 INT 0100% Generator load control setpoint
30013 INT 015 Governor state

Notes:
Use Modbus function code 4 to read from the address range shown above.
The values in the address range above are scaled using the Modbus
configured range.

Analog Commands (Holding Table 39 - Analog Holding Registers


Registers) Address Data Type EU Range Service
40001 INT 015000 rpm Speed Remote setpoint via Modbus

Notes:
Use Modbus function code 3 for reading data, and function code 6 for
writing data.
Use Address 0004 (pulse 01) when writing a new speed setpoint.

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Chapter 8

Troubleshooting

This chapter covers topics for troubleshooting the SVST during commissioning
and during its normal lifecycle.

System Power The SVST field signals should be connected to the marshalling terminals
indicated in Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description. All internal wiring is
completed at the factory; therefore signal troubleshooting is limited to checking
the functioning of the power supplies, circuit breakers, and fuses. This guide is
not intended for troubleshooting field signals. All field signals should be tested
using the field loop drawings.

Verify that a set of system drawings is available before starting to troubleshoot.

Table 40 - Troubleshooting Matrix


Symptom Suggestions
Controller fails to power up Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check voltage on terminals TS-1 and TS-2 for 24V DC.
Check fuse on TS-1.
PanelView Plus Compact HMI fails to Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
power up Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check voltage on terminals TS3-15 and TS3-16 for 24V DC.
Check fuse on TS3-15.
Digital Inputs not working Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check voltage on terminals TS3-5 and TS3-6 for 24V DC.
Check fuse on TS3-5.
Digital Outputs not working Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check voltage on terminals TS3-7 and TS3-8 for 24V DC.
Check fuse on TS3-7.
Analog Input not working Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check voltage on terminals TS3-3 and TS3-4 for 24V DC.
Check fuse on TS3-3.
Analog Output not working Make sure 120V AC is available at CB1.
Make sure CB1 is in ON position.
Check fuse on TS1-41.
Check fuse on TS1-43.

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

Component Integrity This section describes how to check the integrity/status of the SVST hardware
and I/O modules.

Hardware Integrity

Follow these steps to check the status of the SVST hardware integrity.

1. Press to close any open pop-up screens and return to a main screen
showing the navigation toolbar.

2. Press Maintenance and navigate to Page 1.

The Maintenance screen appears with Configuration and Settings.

3. Press Hardware to open the Hardware screen page 1 and navigate if


needed to Controller Status.

I/O Module Selector

4. If any status differs from that shown above, use Table 41 on page 123 to
identify and correct the problem.

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Table 41 - Hardware LED Troubleshooting Matrix


Symptom Suggestions
Run Mode LED is Off Verify that the controller key is in RUN position.
Controller Fault (Red) Check for I/O fault indications and cycle power to the controller.
Put the controller in Run mode.
If the major fault persists, contact Rockwell Automation.
Battery not Ok (Red) Replace the battery at the earliest convenience.
IO Not Present (Blinking) Except for Slot 5 (expansion I/O), modules are not replaceable.
Check that Slot 5 is properly connected to the compact bus.
If the fault persists, contact Rockwell Automation.
Minor Fault (Red) This type of fault is recoverable. Go to the Hardware Integrity Screen Page 2 and press
Reset.
If the fault persists, contact Rockwell Automation.
Major Fault (Red) 1. Cycle power to the controller. The IO OK LED should turn steady green and the
Controller Ok LED should flash red.
2. Change the controller key to PROG and immediately to RUN. Perform this twice. If the
fault was recoverable, the Run Mode LED, the IO OK LED, and the Controller Ok LED all
change to steady green.
3. If the fault persists, contact Rockwell Automation.
ENB OK (Red) Verify that the Ethernet cable or switch is working properly.

I/O Module Integrity

I/O Module Detail screens facilitate installation and commissioning activities


and system troubleshooting. The following I/O modules are available.
For Digital Inputs: Slot 1: 1769-IQ16
For Digital Outputs: Slot 2: 1769-OB16
For Speed Inputs: Slot 4: 1769-HSC
For Analog In/Outs: Slot 5: 1769-IF4XOF2F/A

Note: Slot 3 is not used.

Follow the steps in Analog Inputs on page 124 to access the desired I/O Module
Detail screen.

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

Analog Inputs

1. Follow step 1step 3 in Hardware Integrity on page 122 to access the


Controller Status screen.
2. Using the up and down arrows, go to the slot for the desired I/O Module
Detail screen. In this case, for the Analog Input status, go to Slot 5.

3. Press to open the I/O Module Detail page, in this example for
Analog Inputs.

The display should update similar to the one below. The values shown here
are in raw counts with a range of 010000.

Note: The screens for Digital Inputs and Digital Outputs differ from that
shown here. See Digital Inputs and Digital Outputs on page 125 for that
information.

4. To return to the main Hardware page, press .

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Troubleshooting Chapter 8

Digital Inputs

When the SVST Digital Inputs are in condition for the turbine to start, the
display detail should look like Figure 109.

Figure 109 - Digital Inputs Status Ready for turbine to start

The normal condition for trips is 1 or active, which is due to the fail-safe design
of the SVST. An open contact or 0 on the input channel trips the turbine. This
applies to channels 4, 9, 10, and 11.

Digital Outputs

When the SVST Digital Outputs are in condition for the turbine to start, the
detail display should look like Figure 110.

Figure 110 - Digital Outputs Status Ready for turbine to start

Note: Both of the turbine trip signals are energized due to the fail-safe design of
the SVST, meaning the output must de-energize to trip.

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

Alarms The SVST has alarms that are triggered by abnormal conditions during
operation. Table 42 identifies the alarms severity with color codes.

Table 42 - Alarm Severity with Corresponding Color Code


Alarm Severity Description Color Color Name
0 No Alarm

1 Information Blue

2 Alert Yellow

3 Exception Red

4 Fault Pink

The alarms available in the SVST are listed in Table 43.

Table 43 - Alarm Message with Severity Codes


Alarm Message Severity
Turbine E-stop 3

Turbine External Trip1 3

Turbine External Trip2 3

Turbine External Trip3 3

Magnetic Pickup Channel 1 Failure 2

Magnetic Pickup Channel 2 Failure 2

Magnetic Pickup Channel 3 Failure 2

Magnetic Pickup Voted Trip 3

Overspeed Test Failure 2

Remote SP Analog Input Failure 4

Governor Fail-safe Timer Trip 3

Governor Overspeed Trip 3

Turbine Stall in Critical Speed 3

Turbine Stopped Speed < Min Control 2

Generator Maximum Load 2

Generator Breaker Opened 2

Grid breaker open while Gen Online 2

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Troubleshooting Chapter 8

Alarm Message Severity


Auxiliary PID Bad PV 4

Controller Failure 4

Interlock Failure 3

HMI Communication Failure 4

IO Slot 1 IQ16 Failure 4

IO Slot 2 OB16 Failure 4

IO Slot 4 HSC Failure 4

IO Slot 5 IF4XOF2 Failure 4

Auxiliary PID PV Hi 4

Auxiliary PID PV Lo 4

When an alarm has occurred, the HMI alarm icon changes color
according to the alarm severity as in Table 42. To access to the Alarm page, press
the alarm icon and the HMI alarm page will be displayed with operator buttons
at the bottom as in Figure 111.

Figure 111 - HMI Alarm Page


Alarm Acknowledge All

Alarm Reset
Alarm Acknowledge

Scroll Buttons to Select a


Specific Alarm in the List

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

For example, if the local EStop is activated, an alarm will be generated and the
alarm page display will update as in Figure 112.

Figure 112 - Alarm Page with Local EStop Activated

When the alarm is active and unacknowledged, the alarm message flashes. To
acknowledge the alarm, select the specific alarm and press the Alarm
Acknowledge button, which will stop the message from flashing.

When the alarm is ready for reset, the alarm icon flashes. To reset the
alarm, press the Reset button, and, if all the alarms are clear, the alarm icon

returns to white .

Configuration Errors The SVST has a built-in basic configuration error routine. When a configuration
error is detected, a warning is generated. The configuration error is a permissive
that must be cleared in order to start the turbine.

The following conditions will generate a configuration error:


Idle 1 > 0 and Run Speed target is < Idle 1.
For example, Speed Page 1, parameter 5 is set to 1000 rpm and Speed Page
2, parameter 1 is set to 900 rpm.
Idle 2 > 0 and Run Speed target is < Idle 2.
This is applicable for both cold and not cold conditions.
Idle 1 > 0 and Acceleration rate is 0.
For example, Speed Page 1, parameter 5 is set to 1000 rpm and Speed Page
1, parameter 6 is set to 0.
Idle 2 > 0 and Acceleration rate is 0.
This is applicable for both cold and not cold conditions.
Run speed target is defined out of the limits of minimum and maximum
governor.
For example, Speed Page 2, parameter 1 should be within the minimum
and maximum governor range.

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Troubleshooting Chapter 8

Run speed acceleration rate is 0.


This is applicable for both cold and not cold conditions.
Idle 1 > 0 and Idle 2 > 0 and Idle 2 < Idle 1.
This means you have defined two idle speeds, however Idle 2 is less than
Idle 1. This is applicable for both cold and not cold conditions.
Idle 1 or Idle 2 was defined inside critical band 1 or critical band 2.
This is applicable for both cold and not cold conditions.
Minimum governor speed is greater than Maximum governor speed.
Maximum control speed is less than Maximum governor speed.
Minimum control speed is 0.
Speed PID tuning parameters Kp and Ki are equal to 0.
The gear number of teeth is equal to 0.
Check the Speed Pickups and Timers page, Parameter 1. (See Speed
Pickups on page 131.)
The gear ratio to turbine shaft is equal to 0.
Check the Speed Pickups and Timers page, Parameter 2.

When a configuration error is detected, the Warning Screen Page 2 updates as in


Figure 113, and the Permissive screen changes as in Figure 114 to update the
missing permissive indication due to configuration error.

Figure 113 - Warning Screen Page 2 Configuration Error Detected

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

Figure 114 - Permissive Screen Configuration Error

Note: Contact Rockwell Automation Tech Support if, after reviewing your
configuration parameters, the configuration error is still active.

Operating or Control This section covers issues that may occur during either the turbine startup or
operation process.

Table 44 - Turbine Start-up/Operation Symptoms and Suggestions


Symptom Suggestions
Start command, Digital Input not If you are using the Digital Input start command, check the wiring according
working to Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description details.
Check for power at the corresponding terminals.
Make sure interlocks and permissives are clear before attempting to start.
Try the start command available on the HMI.
Local E-stop not working Make sure that not jumpers are installed across terminals TS1-9 and TS1-10.
Local E-stop is permanently Check fuse on terminal TS1-9.
activated
External Trip 1, 2, or 3 is If you are not using external trips, install a jumper on their corresponding
permanently activated terminals.
External Permissive is missing If you are not using an external permissive, install a jumper across terminals
TS1-17 and TS1-18.
Raise/Lower, Digital Inputs not If you are using the Digital Input Raise and Lower, check the wiring according
working to Chapter 3 SVST Hardware Description details.
Check for power at the corresponding terminals.
Try the Raise and Lower commands available on the HMI.
Governor Valve not working Check the governor valve configuration page.
Check the analog output current using a meter.
Check wiring to the I/P converter or actuator.
Check fuse on TS1-41.
Remote analog input not working Check wiring on terminals TS1-33 and TS1-34. The analog input circuit is
prewired for passive 420 mA signals (loop powered). If the 420 mA
provides power to the loop, connect the signal (+) to terminal TS1-34 and the
signal
(-) to 0V DC.
Check fuse on terminal TS1-33.

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Symptom Suggestions
Remote button is not enabled in Make sure the remote analog input is normal or healthy. When the remote
the HMI analog input fails, the system doesnt allow switching to remote control.
Verify that Speed Page 2, configuration parameter 12 is set to 0 for remote
speed analog input.
Remote Digital Input not working Check wiring for terminals TS1-15 and TS1-16.
Make sure the remote analog input is normal or healthy. When the remote
analog input fails the system doesnt allow switching to remote control.
Verify that Speed Page 2, configuration parameter 12 is set to 0 for remote
speed analog input.
Turbine accelerates at incorrect Verify that Speed Page 1 and Page 2 configuration parameters are using rpm/
rate seconds.
Critical Speed Stall detected Check the acceleration rate for the critical band and verify that it is using rpm/
seconds.
Check the Trip Settings page, parameter 2 for the critical speed stall timer
preset.
Adjust the speed PID tuning parameters.
Make sure that enough steam flow is available to drive the turbine speed
above the lower critical band limit.
Idle Speed not working Check Speed Page 1 and 2 and make sure the Idle speed is > 0 and
acceleration rate is > 0.
Speed Control hunting If the turbine accelerates but the control of speed is poor, put the governor in
hold and try to tune the speed PID loop.
Turbine Speed doesnt go above If the turbine is able to accelerate and maintain speed to any of the idles but it
Idle 1 or Idle 2 has issues when trying to go from idle to run speed, check the I/P calibration.
Refer to Chapter 6 Operation for manual stroke of the governor valve.
Turbine sequence starts but no Check the speed pickup wiring and the air gap between the speed probe and
speed is detected the gear. The gap should be such that enough AC voltage is generated. Check
the speed probe manufacturer recommendation.
Turbine accelerates too fast when Check the speed PID configuration parameters 6 and 7.
speed is in the minimum and
maximum governor range

Speed Pickups Additional information about the magnetic pickups or speed inputs can be found
on the HMI.

To check individual readings for configured magnetic pickups and to reset


pickups, follow these steps.

1. Press the Maintenance icon to go to the Maintenance Screen Page


1 with the Device Operation & Settings List.

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

2. In the Device Operation & Settings list, select Speed Probes.

3. Press Enter for Speed Probes Magnetic Pickups page.

This detail shows:


How many speed signals are used
When a particular speed probe has failed (red background)
The final speed after voting

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Troubleshooting Chapter 8

In order to reset the pickup failure (after troubleshooting), the failed pickup
should read speed within 100 rpm of the pickup that is active, as in Figure 115.

Figure 115 - Speed Probes Ready to reset the Pickup failure

4. When the pickup is ready for reset, apply a master reset using either a
digital input reset or the HMI Reset on Home Screen Page 2, as shown
here.

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Chapter 8 Troubleshooting

Tuning Tuning the speed PID is essential for the SVST to operate correctly. Poor tuning
generates diverse issues and makes the system unstable.

This manual is not a PID tuning guide; there are numerous publications available
about this topic. However, basic tuning of the PID controller can be achieved
using the following steps:

1. Start the turbine.


2. When the turbine is above minimum control speed, put the turbine in
hold. (This could be around 800 rpm or any speed above minimum
control and less than Idle 1, Idle 2, or Minimum Governor.)
3. Try using a proportional gain only starting with zero (integral).
4. If the SVST is holding appropriate speed, then increase the proportional
gain until it oscillates; then the proportional gain will be half the value of
the gain that made the speed control to hunt.
5. After the proportional gain is adjusted, increase the integral reset to make
the response better. A general guide is that it should be about 0.45% of the
proportional gain.
6. While in hold, use the Raise and Lower speed commands to check the
speed control response.

Note: Repeat the tuning for different turbine load conditions.

To access to the speed PID tuning parameters while the turbine is running,
follow these steps.

1. Press the Maintenance icon .


2. From the Device Operation & Settings list, select Speed PID.

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3. Press Enter for the Speed PID screen.

4. Press for the Speed PID tuning display.

5. Adjust the tuning constants as required for your application.

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Notes:

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Appendix A

PC Configuration Tool

The PC configuration tool allows uploading and downloading configuration


parameters between the SVST governor and a laptop or PC, using Ethernet
communications to transfer data.

The configuration parameters are grouped in the same manner as they are on the
HMI application discussed in Chapter 4 Human Machine Interface (HMI) of
this manual. It is recommended to read that chapter before using the PC
configuration tool.

This chapter covers the steps necessary to install the PC configuration tool,
launch the tool, establish a connection, and transfer and save configuration data.

Installation To install the PC configuration tool, follow these steps.

1. Insert the SVST installation DVD in the computer.


2. Start the Setup program.
3. Click Next.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

4. Accept the default settings and click Next.

5. Click Next to confirm the installation and wait for the installation to
finish.

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PC Configuration Tool Appendix A

6. When the installation is complete, click Close.

Your PC desktop will be updated with an SVST application icon similar to


this:

Tool Menus Double-click the SVST application icon for the main application window.

The PC tool application window has a design similar to those found in recent
Microsoft Office applications, where the menu options are located on a frame
called the ribbon bar. The ribbon bar has four menus: Home, Comms,
Configuration, and User.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

Home

The Home menu allows basic maintenance of the main application window.
When information is being exchanged between the tool and the SVST, events are
logged in the application view area for informational purposes. To erase the view,
there is an Erase icon.

Comms

The Comms menu is used to set up and establish communications between the
PC configuration tool and the SVST governor. From here it is possible to enter
the SVST IP address, establish a connection with the SVST, download and
upload configuration data, and disconnect from the SVST governor.

Configuration

The Configuration menu is used to view and enter configuration parameters in


the SVST governor. It has four categories of configuration data: Analog,
Governor, Modbus, and Tuning.

User

The User menu provides access to the tool password administration and for
entering specific information about the turbine such as model and manufacturer.

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Connecting to the SVST To connect to the SVST governor from the PC configuration tool, follow these
steps.

1. Configure the IP address of your PC.


a. Choose Start > Settings > Network Connections.

b. Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties.

The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box appears.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

c. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.

The Internet Protocol (CTCP/IP) Properties dialog box appears.


d. Select Use the following IP address
e. Type a static IP address and Subnet mask unique to identify your PC in
the network.

Note: Make sure the PC IP address and SVST address belong to the
same network, the subnet mask is the same, and only the host ID is
different. For example, your PC could have an address of
192.168.123.88 and your SVST an address of 192.168.123.20, both
having a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.

f. Click OK.

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2. Enter the SVST IP address and connect to the SVST as follows.

Note: Antivirus or firewall software can prevent the PC configuration tool


from connecting to the SVST governor.
a. Go back to the PC configuration tool, select Comms, and click Setup.

b. Enter the IP address for the SVST governor, which is 192.168.123.20.


c. Click OK.

d. Click Request/Connect to connect to the SVST governor.

If a connection is successfully established, the main window logs an event


indicating that the connection was established, as shown here.

The following message appears if the connection attempt fails.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

After the connection has been established, the tool monitors the port for activity.
If the Ethernet connection fails due to a media problem or SVST power loss, a
message (shown below) indicates the loss of connection. If this happens, it is
necessary to reestablish the connection.

Uploading and Downloading Overview


Similar to the PanelView HMI application, there are two classifications of data
available to adjust for a particular application:
Configuration parameters Can only be changed when the turbine is not
running.
Tunable settings Can be changed for tuning purposes even when the
turbine is running. Example: PID tuning constants.

The upload process displays the current configuration of the SVST governor in
the PC Configuration Tool. When selecting any of the Configuration menu
options, a dialog window shows the configuration data.
If a connection was established (per Connecting to the SVST on page
141), the tool reads (uploads) data from the SVST and presents values in
the dialog window.
If a connection was not established, the configuration parameters are
shown with the latest data in the buffer, which may be zeros.

The download process transfers configuration parameters to the SVST governor


followed by a readback (upload) to update the dialog information. Download can
also configure tunable settings while the turbine is running.

The PC configuration tool has built-in mechanisms that allow downloading


configuration parameters to the SVST governor only if these prerequisites are
met:
User entered a valid password.
The turbine is not in operation.

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Uploading

Table 45 shows options available on the SVST configuration menu and what type
of data is accessed when selecting an option.
Table 45 - Configuration Menu Options
Configuration Type of data
Menu

Tunable.
Download is available from the dialog window.

Configuration.
Download is only possible from the Comms menu.

Tunable.
Download is available from the dialog window.

Tunable.
Download is available from the dialog window.

Figure 116 shows the Analog Inputs Configuration window.

Figure 116 - Analog Inputs Configuration Window

Notes for Figure 116:


The Download button is not available because the application password
has not been entered.
The SVST has two analog inputs: remote speed analog input and auxiliary
PID analog input.
The remote speed analog input is self-configured depending on the
minimum and maximum governor settings.
The Analog Inputs Configuration Window allows configuration of the
auxiliary PID analog input when this feature is used.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

Figure 117 shows the Governor Configuration window.

Figure 117 - Governor Configuration Main Window

This window has configuration parameters with two columns of data:


Application Data New configuration values are entered here.
CompactLogix Data This shows (read-only) the current values that the
controller has.
Notice that values in the column in this example are highlighted in orange;
this is a warning indication that they are different from the values for
Application Data.
Copy button Click to copy all the values from the CompactLogix Data
column to the Application Data column. This feature is helpful when you
want to preserve most of the current values in the controller but there are a
few of them you want to update.

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Figure 118 shows the Modbus Configuration window.

Figure 118 - Modbus Configuration Window

Figure 119 shows the PID Tuning window.

Figure 119 - PID Tuning Window

When the tool executes a data read (upload), the event is logged in the main
window's view. The previous example results in four data reads being performed.
Figure 120 shows the example's resulting sequence of events.

Figure 120 - Resultant Sequence of Events Example

Note: When performing an upload or reading from the SVST, if errors are
reported, contact Rockwell Automation for support.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

Downloading

To download data to the SVST using the PC configuration tool, follow the steps
below.

1. Enter your authentication password.

a. On the User menu, click .

The Password Dialog appears.


b. Type the password to get to the configuration level. The default
password is config.

When the password is correct, the following information is shown.

When a valid password is entered, the download buttons will be available


in the application dialogs, including the Comms menu. Also when a valid
password is entered, it is possible to change the default password from
config to a user custom password.
2. Update configuration data.

For example, the SVST unit from the factory has only the default
configuration data and to demonstrate how to configure the SVST this
step uses configuration Example 2 from Table 10 on page 45.
a. From the Configuration menu, select Governor.

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b. Select the Speed Page1 tab and enter the values as shown here.

c. Select the Speed Page2 tab and enter the configuration values.

Note: The PC tool uses a drop-down list for Remote speed control
options.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

d. Select the Speed Pickups/Timers tab and enter the configuration


values.

Note: The PC tool uses check boxes for Boolean selections such as
magnetic pickup channels selection.
e. Select the Governor Valve tab and enter the configuration values.

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PC Configuration Tool Appendix A

f. Select the Actuator Page tab and enter the configuration values.

g. Select the Trip Settings tab and enter the configuration values.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

h. Select the Speed PID tab and enter the configuration values.

Note: The tuning values shown above are just an example.


i. Select the MaxGov PID tab and enter the configuration values.

j. When you have entered all the applicable configuration parameters,


click OK.

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3. Download configuration data as follows.


a. Select the Comms menu and click Download.

The software checks the governor state and if the state indicates that
the turbine is not in operation, then the download is performed,
otherwise a dialog message indicates that changes are denied.

Note: If errors are detected during the download process, contact


Rockwell Automation for support.
b. When the configuration is downloaded, it is possible to verify that the
data was transfer to the SVST correctly. From the Configuration menu,
click on Governor and the tool will upload and present the data as
shown below.

Notice the CompactLogix data isn't highlighted in orange, indicating


that the tool data and controller data match.

It is recommended to view each configuration tab after the download to


double-check configuration settings.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

4. (Optional) Configure tunable settings.

Tunable settings can be changed even when the turbine is running. As an


example, we want to make changes to the analog input configuration for
the auxiliary PID function.
a. On the Configuration menu, choose Analog and enter the values
shown here.

Notice this time the Download button is available since the password
was entered correctly.
b. To apply the changes, click Download.

The tool will perform a download followed by a read back (upload) to


update the dialog information as shown here.

5. (Optional) Save the configuration parameters by following these steps.

When the system has been configured, it is recommended to save your


configuration to a file. The configuration tool allows saving the
configuration parameters to a file with extension .stg.
a. Click Save.

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The Save As dialog box appears.


b. Browse to and select a folder for storing the configuration file. In this
example, the folder was created in My Documents/My Configurations.

When the file is saved, the application title bar will be updated showing the
name of the current file in use. If there are subsequent changes to the data,
those changes will be saved to this particular file.

When the SVST configuration is finished, it is recommended to


disconnect the PC configuration tool from the SVST governor, which
frees resources from the governor.

6. From the Comms menu, click .

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

Figure 121 - Resulting SOE with Ready Resources

7. (Optional) A final recommendation when using the PC configuration


tool is that after finishing your configuration, make sure that the
PanelView HMI is updated with the same configuration values. Refer to
Chapter 5 SVST Configuration of this manual and restore/save values to
the HMI.

View Data from File If the configuration data was saved to a file, it can be reviewed off line.

To open a file, click the Open icon, select the file, and click Open.

Figure 122 - Icon Bar Open File

When the file is opened, it shows the last-saved configuration data. As an


example, click on the Governor Configuration menu.

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PC Configuration Tool Appendix A

Figure 123 - Governor Configuration Showing no Controller connection

Notice that the application data column was updated with the data from the file
and the controller data shows zeros since there was no connection to the
controller at the time that the file was opened.

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Appendix A PC Configuration Tool

Notes:

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Appendix B

Panel Drawings

This chapter provides panel drawings for the components of the SVST system in
four configurations. These are for reference only.

Drawing Set 1
Hoffman enclosure A24H2008SS6LP, stainless steel, NEMA 4X
4 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

Drawing Set 2
Hoffman enclosure A24H2008SS6LP, stainless steel, NEMA 4X
6 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

Drawing Set 3
Hoffman enclosure A242008LP, molded steel, NEMA 12
4 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

Drawing Set 4
Hoffman enclosure A242008LP, molded steel, NEMA 12
6 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

Drawing Set 1

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

Drawing Set 2 This set of drawings is for:


Hoffman enclosure A24H2008SS6LP, stainless steel, NEMA 4X
6 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

Drawing Set 3 This set of drawings is for:


Hoffman enclosure A242008LP, molded steel, NEMA 12
4 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

Drawing Set 4 This set of drawings is for:


Hoffman enclosure A242008LP, molded steel, NEMA 12
6 PanelView Plus 400 Touch Screen

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

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Panel Drawings Appendix B

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Appendix B Panel Drawings

Notes:

192 Rockwell Automation Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Index

Numerics Configuration Pages


Actuator Page 1 48
1769-HSC 123
Actuator Page 2 48
1769-IF4FXOF2F 20, 123 Auxiliary PID 51
1769-IF4XOF2F/A 123 Auxiliary PID PV 53
1769-IQ16 123 Generator 49
1769-L23E-QBFC1B 17 MaxGov PID 52
Modbus 52
1769-L23-QBFC1B 17
Speed Page 1 45
1769-OB16 123 Speed Page 2 45
Speed Pickup and Timer 46
Speed PID 50
A trip settings 49
AC SAFETY GROUND 15 configuration parameters 43
accessories - controller and HMI 18 configure
Activation Key ID 23, 24 acceleration rates 42
actuator 48
alarm message 126 Auxiliary PID 51
Auxiliary PID analog input 145
Auxiliary PID Bad PV 127 Auxiliary PID PV 53
Auxiliary PID PV Hi 127 before startup 85
Auxiliary PID PV Lo 127 cold or warm start-up acceleration 45
Controller Failure 127 critical speed bands 45
external trips 126 droop control and load rate 107
Fail-safe Timer Trip 126 generator load characteristics 49
Generator Breaker Opened 126 governor valve settings 47
Generator Maximum Load 126 idle speed 42
Governor Overspeed Trip 126 IP address of PC 141
Grid Breaker Open while Gen Online 126 Maximum Governor Limiter PID 52
HMI Communication Failure 127 Modbus serial port 52
Interlock Failure 127 overspeed trip and alarm settings 45
IO Slot 1 IQ16 Failure 127 parameter lists 53, 56
IO Slot 2 OB16 Failure 127 parameters 56
IO Slot 4 HSC Failure 127 remote speed analog input 145
IO Slot 5 IF4XOF2 Failure 127 remote speed setpoint signal 96
Magnetic Pickup Channel 1 Failure 126 save configuration parameters 154
Magnetic Pickup Channel 2 Failure 126 serial port 118
Magnetic Pickup Channel 3 Failure 126 Speed Pickup and Timer 46
Magnetic Pickup Voted Trip 126 Speed PID 50
Overspeed Test Failure 126 speed ranges 45
Remote SP Analog Input Failure 126 SVST 41
Turbine E-stop 126 trip settings 49
Turbine Stall in Critical Speed 126 trip valve with closed status limit switch
Turbine Stopped Speed less than Min Control indication 67
126 tunable settings 154
alarm severity color code 126 while turbine is running 144
analog inputs controller
Channel 0 20 accessories 18
Channel 1 20 catalog number 17
Channel 2 20 configuration error 85
Channel 3 20 configuration parameters 56
analog outputs download settings from HMI memory 57
Channel 0 20 improper configuration 85
Channel 1 20 replaced 57
save values to memory 56
status 122, 123, 127
C critical speed avoidance 42
closed loop acceleration 42, 87 CV
compact flash memory card 57 governor valve 89
CompactLogix Controller L23E 17
configuration error 82, 128, 129

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Index

D external trips 18, 74, 76


digital inputs alarm message severity 126
apply bypass 79
Channel 0 17 energizing 79
Channel 1 17 if not used 130
Channel 10 18 inverting signal polarity 77
Channel 11 18 overspeed test 111
Channel 12 18
Channel 13 18
Channel 14 18 F
Channel 15 18
Channel 2 17 fail-safe timer trip 74, 87
Channel 3 17 Fail-safe Timer Trip message 126
Channel 4 17 field signals 121
Channel 5 17 troubleshooting 121
Channel 6 17
Channel 7 18
Channel 8 18 G
Channel 9 18
digital outputs governor components 11
Channel 0 18 governor valve
Channel 1 18 calibration 68
Channel 10 18 configuration values 150
Channel 11 18 current CV 89
Channel 12 19 CV 89
Channel 13 19 Gov Valve at min Pos 82
Channel 14 19 manual operation 89
Channel 15 19 manual stroke 63, 131
Channel 2 18 not working 130
Channel 3 18 settings 44, 47
Channel 4 18 ground connections 15
Channel 5 18
Channel 6 18
Channel 7 18 H
Channel 8 18
Channel 9 18 hardware
download component integrity 122
description 17
HMI settings to controller 41, 55, 57 fault (with external permissive) 83
parameters 41, 55
hardware LED troubleshooting matrix 123
PC Configuration Tool configuration
I/O module integrity 123
parameters to SVST 144
status 82
PC Configuration Tool configuration
status check 122
parameters to SVST governor 148
recipe 36 HMI
droop 105, 106 accessories 18
activation 23
Communication Failure alarm message 127
E configuration parameters 43
functions and user roles 35
electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions 12 Help 25, 32
E-stop 74 memory 57
Emergency Stop button 66 screens and navigation 25
energizing 79 security 38
E-stop button pressed example 75 shut down graphics (to archive settings) 57
E-stop button versus Stop button 115 user roles and passwords 38
external permissive 18, 82 HMI Help 25, 32
and hardware fault 83 Home screen 27
inverting or bypassing 83
missing 130
I
idle speeds 42
for Cold and Not Cold 72
number of 42
process 90
initial state 62

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Index

install N
PC configuration tool 137 navigational hierarchy 26
INSTRUMENT GROUND 15
normal condition for trips 125
interlocks
active 62
bypassed 80 O
definition 73
descriptions 74 open loop acceleration 42
failure message 127 overspeed
Help screen 33 at startup 85
process 73 external protection device 111
reset 76 external protection system 68, 70
screen 31 test 43
status 73 test cancel 114
trip settings 44, 49 when using high select 97
IP address for SVST 143 trip 74
Isochronous (Island Mode) 105, 108

P
L packaging damage 13
L23E 17 Panel Drawings 159
launch PanelView Plus Compact HMI description 21
PC configuration tool 137 Parameter Configuration screen
login access 53
change password 38 parameter list
change user account login 38 access 53
logging in 38 action buttons 54
login page 38 buttons and actions 54
loss of speed control 74 configuration 53
parameters
configure existing 56
M configure new 56
magnetic pickups download 55
and speed 68, 89, 131 edit 56
calibration 68 restore 53, 55
Channel 1 Failure 126 save 55
Channel 2 Failure 126 upload 55
Channel 3 Failure 126 view 56
channels selection 150 permissives
check/reset configuration 131 definition 73
degradation matrix 46 Help screen 33
failure trip 74 process 82
in closed-loop control strategy 86 status 82
Magnetic Pickups Configuration 44 power supply output voltage 16
quantity 19, 46 power up 16, 62
signal 47 protocol supported 117
voltage 86
wiring 19
maintenance 29 R
marshalling terminal 12, 121
requirements
blocks 17, 18, 19, 20
Master Reset button 62 AC safety ground 15
electrostatic discharge precautions 12
memory environmental/location 13
HMI 57 instrument ground 15
minimum sensing speeds 19 mounting location 14
Modbus power 15
communications parameters 117 unpacking 13
Remote setpoint 99 restore
parameters 53, 55
RS-232 serial port 117
RTU 117

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Index

S SVST
save component unpacking 13
components 11
configuration parameters 137, 154 configuration 41
controller values to HMI memory 56 descriptions of components 17-21
HMI memory 57 electrostatic discharge precautions 12
parameter values 55 governor states 62
parameters to HMI memory 156 iinstallation mounting instructions 14
shutdown installation 11
healthy interlocks 73 restart 24
HMI graphics 57
on Home Screen Page 2 62
state transitions 84 T
software state engine 62
terminal
speed
locations 15
and magnetic pickups 68, 89, 131 marshalling 12, 121
Cold and Not Cold idle speeds 72 jumpers 76
critical speed avoidance 42 terminal blocks 17
critical speed bands 45 PanelView Plus Compact 600 graphic terminal
idle speed 42 option 21
number of 42 power connections 15
process 90 power energized 16
minimum sensing speeds 19 removable terminal blocks 17
overspeed test 43, 111 TS1 terminal jumpers 18
Overspeed Test Failure message 126 thermal condition
overspeed trip and alarm settings 45
check 71
regulation 9
status 71
remote speed setpoint signal 96
trip
sensor type 87
speed control 42 external 18, 74, 76
loss of 74 alarm message severity 126
speed FB permissive 82 if not used 130
Speed less than Min Control 82 inverting signal polarity 77
Speed Page 1 45 overspeed test 111
Speed Page 2 45 external, energizing 79
Speed Pickup and Timer 46 fail-safe timer 74, 87
Speed PID 50 fail-safe timer message 126
speed ranges 45 magnetic pickup failure 74
Turbine Stall in Critical Speed message 126 Magnetic Pickup Voted Trip message 126
Turbine Stopped Speed less than Min Control normal condition 125
message 126 overspeed 74, 126
underspeed trip 74 trip and alarm settings 45
startup settings 49
underspeed 74
cold or warm start-up acceleration 45 troubleshooting matrix 121
configure before startup 85
fail-safe timer 49 turbine E-stop 74
Not Supervised Man. Stroke 70
operation symptoms 130
overspeed 85 U
process 85 underspeed trip 74
sequence 9, 27, 42, 68, 85, 89
state transitions 84 upload
stop valve closed 47 controller values to HMI memory 41, 55
trend 88 parameters 41, 55
turbine 45, 62, 73, 89, 100, 130 SVST configuration parameters to PC
state transitions 84 Configuration Tool 144, 145
steam turbine control schematic 9
stop valve
closed 47
Not Supervised manual stroke 68
Stop Valve Not Closed permissive 63, 82, 84
supervised manual stroke 63

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Rockwell Automation Support
Rockwell Automation provides technical information on the Web to assist you in using its products.
At http://www.rockwellautomation.com/support, you can find technical manuals, technical and application notes, sample
code and links to software service packs, and a MySupport feature that you can customize to make the best use of these
tools. You can also visit our Knowledgebase at http://www.rockwellautomation.com/knowledgebase for FAQs, technical
information, support chat and forums, software updates, and to sign up for product notification updates.

For an additional level of technical phone support for installation, configuration, and troubleshooting, we offer
TechConnectSM support programs. For more information, contact your local distributor or Rockwell Automation
representative, or visit http://www.rockwellautomation.com/support/.

Installation Assistance

If you experience a problem within the first 24 hours of installation, review the information that is contained in this
manual. You can contact Customer Support for initial help in getting your product up and running.
United States or Canada 1.440.646.3434
Outside United States or Canada Use the Worldwide Locator at http://www.rockwellautomation.com/rockwellautomation/support/overview.page, or contact your local
Rockwell Automation representative.

New Product Satisfaction Return

Rockwell Automation tests all of its products to help ensure that they are fully operational when shipped from the
manufacturing facility. However, if your product is not functioning and needs to be returned, follow these procedures.
United States Contact your distributor. You must provide a Customer Support case number (call the phone number above to obtain one) to your
distributor to complete the return process.
Outside United States Please contact your local Rockwell Automation representative for the return procedure.

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Publication 1711-UM001B-EN-P - May 2013


Supersedes Publication 1711-UM001A-EN-P - July 2011 Copyright 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.