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Int. J. Contemp. Math. Sciences, Vol. 8, 2013, no.

6, 263 - 270
HIKARI Ltd, www.m-hikari.com

k-Weyl Fractional Derivative,


Integral and Integral Transform
1
Luis Guillermo Romero and Luciano Leonardo Luque

Faculty of Exact Sciences


National University of Nordeste. Avda. Libertad 5540
(3400) Corrientes, Argentina

Dedicated to Professor Ruben A. Cerutti


for the trust placed in us

Copyright c 2013 Luis Guillermo Romero and Luciano Leonardo Luque. This is an open
access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work
is properly cited.

Abstract
In this paper we define a new fractional derivative in the k-calculus
context, the k-Weyl fractional derivative. Also we study the action
of Laplace and Stieltjes Transforms on the new fractional operator and
the k-Weyl Fractional Integral operator introduced by Romero, Cerutti,
Dorrego (cf. [7]).

Mathematics Subject Classification: 26A33, 42A38

Keywords: k-Fractional Calculus, Laplace Transfrom, Generalized Stielt-


jes Transfrom

I Introduction and Preliminaries


At present the k-calculus constitutes a type of generalization of the classical
dierential and integral Calculus, and therefore is addressed in dierent and
numerous investigations.
Several authors that were dedicated to study such operators and since in
2007 Diaz and Pariguan dened by the k-Gamma function and the k-symbol
1
guille-romero@live.com.ar
264 L. G. Romero and L. L. Luque

Pochhammer are more the functions of the Fractional Calculus is generalized


to the context k.
In this article we evaluate the Laplace and Generalized Stieljes Transform of
the a k-Weyl Fractional Integral operator and the a k-Weyl fractional derivative
and in its development we will use the following important denitions.

Definition 1 The Gamma Euler function (z) is given by the integral


(z) = et tz1 dt, z C, Re(z) > 0, cf. [2] (I.1)
0

and the k (z) is the k-generalization of the Gamma Euler function defined
by


tk
k (z) = tz1 e k dt, z C, Re(z) > 0 (cf. [1]) (I.2)
0

Is necessary to remember the denition of the convolution introduced by


P. Miana given by

Definition 2 Let f and g be function belonging to L1 (R+ ). Miana (cf. [4])


introduce the convolution product as the integral

(f g)(t) = f (x t)g(x)dx, t 0 (I.3)
t

Romero, Cerutti and Dorrego (cf. [7]) has introduced the analogue to the
Riemann-Liouville singular kernel at k-calculus given by the following

Definition 3 Let be a real number, 0 < < 1, k > 0. The k-Riemann-


Liouville singular kernel is given by

t k 1
j,k (t) = t>0 (I.4)
kk ()
where k (z) is the k-Gamma Euler function.
Taking into account (I.3) and (I.4) they dened the k-Weyl Fractional In-
tegral given by

Definition 4 Let be a real number, 0 < < 1, k > 0. The k-Weyl Frac-
tional Integral is defined (cf. [7]) as

1
Wk f (x) = j,k (t) f (t) =

(t x) k 1 f (t)dt (I.5)
kk () x
where denote the convolution due to Miana (cf. [4]).
k-Weyl fractional derivative 265

Now, we remembering the denition of Laplace and Stieltjes Transforms.


In fact
Let L [f ] (s) be the Laplace transform of an exponential order function and
piecewise continuous where


L [f ] (s) = est f (t)dt (I.6)
0

t R+ , and s C.(cf. [3])


And S [f ] (y) be the generalized Stieltjes transform of the function f be-
longing to S(R) the Schwartzian space of functions that decay rapidly at in-
nity together with all derivatives, where


f (x)
S [f ] (y) = dx, y > 0 (cf.[3]) (I.7)
0 (x + y)

II Main Result
For development of our article we give the following

Definition 5 Let be a real number, 0 < 1, f belonging to S(R). The


k-Weyl fractional derivative is given by

d 1
Wk f (x) = W f (t) (II.1)
dx k

Now, in the rst lemma we will obtain a relationship between the k-Weyl
Fractional Integral and the lower incomplete gamma function through Laplace
Transform.

Lemma 1 Let f be a function belonging to S(R). The Laplace Transform of


the k-Weyl Fractional Integral of the f function is

 
(s)2 k 

L [Wk f ] (s) = L f. , sx (s) (II.2)


kk () k

where (s, x) denote the lower incomplete gamma function given by

 x
(s, x) = ts1 et dt (II.3)
0
266 L. G. Romero and L. L. Luque

Proof. Remembering the following property (cf. [4])

L [f g] (s) = L {g [L (f, .)] (s)} (s)

where

 t
L (f, t) = f (z)esz dz, t 0 (II.4)
0

is the incomplete Laplace Transform.


From denition (I.5) we have

L [Wk f ] (s) = L [f.L (j,k , .) (s)] (s) (II.5)

Then, we need evaluate the incomplete Laplace Transform of the k-Riemann-


Liouville singular kernel j,k (t) in the point s. Then, we have
 x
L (j,k , x) (s) = j,k (t)est dt =
0

 x
1
= t k 1 est dt (II.6)
kk () 0

Making the change of variables that

u = st, du = s dt (II.7)

then, replacing (II.7) in (II.6) it result


 sx
1 (s)
L (j,k , x) (s) = u k 1 eu du =
kk () (s) k 1 0

 sx
(s)2 k
= u k 1 eu du (II.8)
kk () 0

Taking into account the denition (II.3) it result

(s)2 k  

L (j,k , x) (s) = , sx (II.9)


kk () k

From (II.9) and (II.5) we have


k-Weyl fractional derivative 267

 
(s)2 k 

L [Wk f ] (s) = L f. , sx (s)


kk () k
which is the thesis.

In the next Lemma we evaluate the Stieltjes Transform of the k-Weyl Frac-
tional Integral and we will obtain a Stieltjes Transform of other order.

Lemma 2 Let f be a function belonging to S(R). The generalized Stieltjes


Transform of the k-Weyl Fractional Integral of the f function is

k (k )
S [Wk f ] (y) = (1) k 1 S k f (y) (II.10)
k (k)

Proof. From denition (I.5) and (I.7) we have

 
1
S [Wk f ] (y) = (t x) k 1 f (t)dt (x + y) dx =
kk () 0 x

 
1
= (t x) k 1 (x + y) f (t)dtdx (II.11)
kk () 0 x

Applying Fubinis theorem it result

 
1
S [Wk f ] (y) = f (t) (t x) k 1 (x + y) dx dt =
kk () 0 t

   
1
1
= f (t) (t x) k (x + y) dx dt (II.12)
0 kk () t

In (II.12) considering that



1
(t x) k 1 (x + y) dx =
kk () t


(1) k 1
(x t) k 1 (x + y) dx = (1) k 1 Wk (x + y) (II.13)
kk () t

Romero, Cerutti, Dorrego (cf. [7]) calculate Wk (x + y) . In fact


268 L. G. Romero and L. L. Luque

k (k )
Wk (x + y) = (t + y) k (II.14)
k (k)
Replacing (II.13) and (II.14) in (II.12) we have


1 k (k ) f (t)
S [Wk f ] (y) = (1) k

dt =
k (k) 0 (t + y) k
k (k )
(1) k 1 S k f (y)
k (k)
that is the thesis of Lemma 2.
Using the following property of the Laplace Transform of the derivative

 
d
L f (t) (s) = sL [f (t)] (s) f (0) (II.15)
dt
to obtain the Laplace Transform of the k-Weyl fractional derivative.

Lemma 3 Let f be a function belonging to S(R), and let be a real number,


0 < 1. The Laplace transform of the k-Weyl fractional derivative is given
by
1  

(s)2 k 1
L Wk f (x) (s) = s L f. , sx (s) + Wk1 f (0)
kk (1 ) k
(II.16)

Proof. By denition (II.1) and property (II.15) we have


 

d 1
L Wk f (x) (s) = L Wk f (x) (s) =
dx

s L Wk1 f (x) (s) + Wk1 f (0) (II.17)


From (II.2) and (II.17) we obtain

1  

(s)2 k 1
L Wk f (x) (s) = s L f. , sx (s) + Wk1 f (0)
kk (1 ) k
(II.18)

We can prove an analogous property for Stieltjes Transform of the deriva-


tive. In fact
k-Weyl fractional derivative 269

Proposition 1 Let be a function f belonging to the S(R). Then we have

 
d f (0)
S f (x) (y) = + S+1 [f ] (y) (II.19)
dx y

Proof. From denition (I.7) and integrating by parts we obtain


   + d
d f (x)
S f (x) (y) = dx
dx =
dx 0 (x + y)
 +  +
f (x) f (x)

() dx =
(x + y) 0 0 (x + y)+1

f (0)
+ S+1 [f ] (y) (II.20)
y

f (x)
Remark: (x+y)
0 when x because f S(R)
We will evaluate the Stieltjes Transform of the k-Weyl fractional derivative

Lemma 4 Let f be a function belonging to S(R). The generalized Stieltjes


Transform of the k-Weyl Fractional derivative of the f function is


f (0) 1 k (( + 1)k 1 + )
S Wk f (y) = (1) k 1 S+1 1 f (y)
y k (k( + 1)) k

(II.21)

Proof. From denition (II.1) and the property (II.19) we obtain


 

d 1
S Wk f (y) = S Wk f (y) =
dx

f (0)


S+1 Wk1 f (y) (II.22)
y
By (II.10) and (II.22) we have


f (0) 1 k (( + 1)k 1 + )
S Wk f (y) = (1) k 1 S+1 1 f (y)
y k (k( + 1)) k

(II.23)
270 L. G. Romero and L. L. Luque

References
[1] R. Diaz and E. Pariguan. On hypergeometric functions and k-Pochammer
symbol. Divulgaciones Matematicas. Vol 15.2. 2007.

[2] N. Lebedev. Special functions and their applications. Dover. 1972

[3] A. C. Mc Bride. Fractional Calculus and integral transforms of generalized


functions. Pitman. 1979.

[4] P.J. Miana. Convolution Products in L1 (R+ ), Integral Transforms and


Fractional Calculus. Fractional Calculus & Applied Analysis. An Interna-
tional Journal for Theory and Applications. Volume B Number 4 (2005).

[5] K. S. Miller; B. Ross. An introduction to the Fractional Dierential Equa-


tions. J. Wiley and Sons. 1993.

[6] I. Podlubny. Fractional Dierential Equations. An introduction to frac-


tional derivatives. Academic Press. 1999.

[7] L. Romero. R. Cerutti. G. Dorrego. k-Weyl Fractional Integral. Int. Jour-


nal of Math. Analysis. Vol. 6. 2012.

Received: December, 2012