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Form 4: Chapter 1 (Functions)

SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 Based on the given ordered pairs {(2, 1), (4, 3), (a) The range is {3, 7}.
(6, 5), (6, 7)}, an arrow diagram can be drawn as
shown below.
3 and 7 are linked to object(s) but 5
Q and 11 are not linked to any object.
Therefore, the range is {3, 7}.
P
1
(b) The above relation is a many-to-one
2 3 relation.
4 5
Element 7 in the codomain is
6 7 linked to two elements, i.e. 28
and 49 in the domain. Therefore,
9 it is a many-to-one relation.

(a) The image of 2 is 1.


4 h : x 2x + m
(b) The object of 7 is 6.
h(x) = 2x + m
Let h1(x) = y
2 (a) Let g1(7) = y h(y) = x
Thus, g(y) = 7 2y + m = x
4y 1 = 7 xm
4y = 8 y=
2
y=2 xm x m
g1(7) = 2 h (x) =
1
=
2 2 2
3
(b) hg(x) But it is given that h1(x) = 3kx + .
2
= h(4x 1) Hence, by comparison,
= (4x 1)2 3(4x 1) + 5 1 1
= 16x 2 8x + 1 12x + 3 + 5 3k = k = and
2 6
= 16x 2 20x + 9 m 3
= m = 3.
2 2
3 Set P Set Q

9 5 (a) hg(x) = 6x 2
3 h[g(x)] = 6x 2
28
3g(x) + 1 = 6x 2
5 3g(x) = 6x 3
49
g(x) = 2x 1
7
It is given that h(x) = 3x + 1.
11 Hence, h[g(x)] = 3g(x) + 1.

1
(b) gh(x) = g(3x + 1) 8 Let n1(x) = y
= 2(3x + 1) 1 n(y) = x
= 6x + 1 4y 1 = x
4y = x + 1
1
When gh(x) = , x+1
3 y=
4
1
6x + 1 = x + 1
3 n1(x) =
4
18x + 3 = 1
x+1
18x = 2
1
mn1(x) = m 4
x=
9 3
=
x+1

8 4
5

3 3
6 (a) From the given arrow diagram, = ,x
2x 3 2
f(2) = 5. Hence, f 1(5) = 2.
(b) gf(2) = 3
9 (a) The relation between set P and set Q is a
This is a composite function gf(x) many-to-one relation.
which maps x directly onto z.
(b) The relation can be represented by
f(x) = x4.

Function notation
7 (a) Let w (x) = z
1

w(z) = x
6 10 m (2) = 7
=x
3 2z 2h
=7
h
Change the subject of the 2 h = 7h
formula to z. 8h = 2

1
h =
6 = x(3 2z) 4
6 = 3x 2xz
2xz = 3x 6
3x 6 11 (a) k = 9
z =
2x
(b) The relation can be represented by
3x 6
w (x) =
1
,x0 f(x) = x 1.
2x
5 Function notation

(b) w1h
2
5

= w1 2 + 3
2 12 f(x) = 9
= w (2)
1 |x 4| = 9
3(2) 6 x 4 = 9
=
2(2) x 4 = 9 or x 4 = 9
= 3 x = 13 or x = 5

2
13 g 2 (x) = gg(x) 16 (a) f(6) = 6 + 4
= g(px + q) = 10
= p(px + q) + q
= p2x + pq + q (b) gf(6) = 24
g(10) = 24
But it is given that
10t 6 = 24
g 2 (x) = 49x 32.
10t = 30
Hence, by comparison, t = 3
p2 = 49
p = 7 (p > 0) 17 (a) The object of 2 is 6.
pq + q = 32 (b) The range is {1, 2, 3}.
7q + q = 32
8q = 32
q = 4 18 (a) fg(3) = 4(3) + 8 = 20
(b) fg(x) = 4x + 8
14 (a) f(x) = 0
2g(x) + 6 = 4x + 8
|2x 3| = 0
2g(x) = 4x + 2
2x 3 = 0
g(x) = 2x + 1
3
x =
2
3
k = 19 (a) f(5) = 5 + 3 = 8
2
(b) Let f 1(x) = y
(b) f(4) = |2(4) 3|
f(y) = x
= |5|
y+3=x
=5
y=x3
The range of f(x) is f 1(x) = x 3
0 f (x) 5.
2f 1(k) = f(5)
2(k 3) = 8
15 (a) Let g1 (6) = y k3=4
g(y) = 6 k=7
3y + 2 = 6
3y = 4
4
y=
3
4
g1 (6) =
3

(b)
hg(x) = h(3x + 2)
= (3x + 2)2 2(3x + 2) + 5
= 9x2 + 12x + 4 6x 4 + 5
= 9x2 + 6x + 5

3
Paper 2

1 (a) f : x 2x 3 (b) hg : x 2x + 4
f(x) = 2x 3 hg(x) = 2x + 4
x
f 1(x) = y
Let
f(y) = x
2
h + 2 = 2x + 4

2y 3 = x x
+2=u
Let
x+3 2
y =
2 x
=u2
x+3 2
f (x) =
1
2 x = 2u 4
f 1g(x) h(u) = 2(2u 4) + 4
x = 4u 8 + 4
= f 1 + 2
2 = 4u 4
x h : x 4x 4

=
2 + 2 + 3
2
x+4+6
2
=
2
x + 10
=
4
x + 10
f 1 g : x
4

4
Form 4: Chapter 2 (Quadratic Equations)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 2x(x 3) = (2 x)(x + 1) 4 7 2(1 + x)2 = x(x + 5)


2x 2 6x = 2x + 2 x 2 x 7 2(1 + 2x + x 2) = x 2 + 5x
3x 2 7x 2 = 0 7 2 4x 2x 2 = x 2 + 5x
3x 2 + 9x 5 = 0
(7) (7) 4(3)(2)
2
x = b b2 4ac
2(3) x =
2a
7 49 + 24
x = 9 92 4(3)(5)
6 x =
7 8.5440 2(3)
x=
6 9 141
x = 2.591or0.2573 x =
6
x = 0.4791 or 3.479
2 5
2 The roots are and .
3 2 5 9x 2 + qx + 1 = 4x
2 5 11 9x 2 + qx 4x + 1 = 0
Sum of roots = + =
3
2 6 9x 2 + (q 4)x + 1 = 0
2 5 5 a = 9, b = q 4, c = 1

Product of roots = =
3 2 3 If the equation has equal roots, then
The quadratic equation is b 2 4ac = 0
11 5 (q 4) 4(9)(1) = 0
2
x2 + x =0
6 3 q 2 8q + 16 36 = 0
6x 2 + 11x 10 = 0 q 2 8q 20 = 0
x 2 (sum of roots)x + (product of roots) = 0 (q + 2)(q 10) = 0
q = 2 or 10

3 y = 5x 2 1 6 (a) mx 2 + nx + 12 = 0
y = 3x 2 + 3x + k 2 If the quadratic equation has equal roots,
b 2 4ac = 0
Substituting 2 into 1 :
n2 4m(12) = 0
3x2 + 3x + k = 5x 2 n2 = 48m
3x2 2x + k + 2 = 0 n2
m=
a = 3, b = 2, c = k + 2 48

In the case where a curve does not meet a straight (b) If m = 2 and n = 11,
line, b2 4ac < 0 is applied. 2x 2 11x + 12 = 0
b2 4ac < 0 (2x 3)(x 4) = 0
(2) 4(3)(k + 2) < 0
2 3
x = or 4
4 12k 24 < 0 2
12k 20 < 0 7 x 2 px 6 = 0
12k < 20 When x = 1
20 (1)2 p(1) 6 = 0
k >
12 1+p6=0
2 p5=0
k > 1
3 p=5

5
Paper 2
b
8 Sum of roots =
a
1 (a) x2 + 3(3x + k) = 0
2 + m + 1 = (n 2)
3+m=2n x2 + 9x + 3k = 0
m + n = 1 ... 1
b
Sum of roots =
c a
Product of roots =
a
p + 2p = 9
2(m + 1) = 6
3p = 9
m=2
p = 3
From 1 : 2 + n = 1
n = 3 c
Product of roots =
a
9 x (x 6) = h 4k p(2p) = 3k
x2 6x + 4k h = 0 2p2 = 3k
a = 1, b = 6, c = 4k h 2(3)2 = 3k
18 = 3k
For equal roots, k=6
b2 4ac = 0
(6) 4(1)(4k h) = 0
2 (b) The new roots are p 2 = 3 2 = 5 and
36 16k + 4h = 0 p + 4 = 3 + 4 = 1.
9 4k + h = 0 Sum of roots = 5 + 1 = 4
h = 4k 9 Product of roots = 5(1) = 5
The quadratic equation is
x2 + 4x 5 = 0.

6
Form 4: Chapter 3 (Quadratic Functions)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 x(x + 2) = 3px 4 (a) The curve passes through the point (0, 4).
x 2 + 2x = 3px 4 y = (x k)2 3
x + 2x 3px + 4 = 0
2
4 = (0 k)2 3
x 2 + (2 3p)x + 4 = 0 1 = k 2
k 2 = 1
a = 1, b = 2 3p, c = 4
k = 1
For the case of two distinct roots,
b2 4ac > 0 is applied. (b) The equation of the curve is
(2 3p)2 4(1)(4) > 0 y = (x 1)2 3.
4 12p + 9p2 16 > 0
9p2 12p 12 > 0 Hence, the equation of the axis of
3p2 4p 4 > 0 symmetry is x 1 = 0 x = 1.
(3p + 2)(p 2) > 0
(c) The coordinates of the maximum point are
(1, 3).

p
2 2

3
4 f(x) = 2(x + p)2 2
Hence, the ranges of values of p are The maximum point of the graph of f(x) is
2 (p, 2).
p < or p > 2.
3
But it is given that the maximum point of the
2 x(x 1) > 12 graph of f(x) is (3, q).
x 2 x > 12
x x 12 > 0
2 Hence, by comparison,
(x + 3)(x 4) > 0 (a) p = 3 p = 3
(b) q = 2
(c) the equation of the axis of symmetry of the
curve is x = 3.
x
3 4

The ranges of values of x are


x < 3 or x > 4. 5 (a) The equation of the axis of symmetry is
6 + (2)
x =
3 y 2
x = 4
x
O (b) The minimum point is (4, 5). Hence,
f(x) = (x + 4)2 5.
(0, 4) (2, 4)

7
6 (1 2x)(3 + x) > x + 3 9 (a) Since f(x) has a minimum value, the shape of
3 + x 6x 2x 2 > x + 3 its graph is as follows.
2x2 6x > 0
2x2 + 6x < 0
2x(x + 3) < 0

a is positive, i.e. a > 0.


x (b) Since the minimum value of f(x) is 2 and its
3 0
axis of symmetry is x = 4, then its minimum
point is (4, 2).
Hence, the required range of values of x is f(x) = a(x 4)2 2
3 < x < 0.
It is given that f(x) = a(x + p)2 + q.
Hence,
(i) p = 4
7 3x 2 < 8 10x
(ii) q = 2
3x 2 + 10x 8 < 0
(3x 2)(x + 4) < 0
10 (x 5)2 < 17 x
x 2 10x + 25 < 17 x
x
4 2 x 2 9x + 8 < 0
3 (x 1)(x 8) < 0

The required range of values of x is


x
2
4 < x < . 1 8
3
The required range of values of x is 1 < x < 8.
8 h(x) = x 2 + 8x 6

82 82 6
2 2
= x 2 + 8x + 11 f(x ) < 3
3x2 x + 7 < 3
= x 2 + 8x + 42 42 6 3x 2 x + 4 < 0
= (x + 4)2 22 3x 2 + x 4 > 0
p = 4, q = 22 (3x + 4)(x 1) > 0

4 1 x
3

The required range of values of x is


4
x < or x > 1.
3

8
Paper 2

1 (a)
f (x) = x 2 + 4kx 5k 2 1 2 (a) At P (on the y-axis), x = 0.
= (x 2 4kx + 5k 2 + 1) y = 02 + m(0) 6
= (x 2 4kx + 4k 2 4k 2 + 5k 2 + 1) y = 6
P(0, 6)
(b)
f (x) = x 2 + mx 6
1 2
Add and subtract
2
(4k) = 4k 2 = (x 2 mx + 6)

m2 m2 + 6
2 2

= x 2 mx +
= [(x 2k)2 + k 2 + 1] m m 2 2
= x + 6
= (x 2k)2 k 2 1 2 4
Maximum value = k 2 1 m 2
m 2
= x + 6
2 4
But it is given that the maximum value
= r 2 2k.
m2 , m4 6.
2
Maximum point is
By comparison,
r 2 2k = k 2 1 The given maximum point is (2, k).
r 2 = k 2 2k + 1
r 2 = (k 1)2 By comparison,
r = k 1 (shown) m m2
= 2 and 6=k
2 4
(b) From f(x) = (x 2k)2 k 2 1, the axis of 4 2
symmetry is x = 2k. m = 4 6=k
4
But it is given that the axis of symmetry is k = 2
x = r 2 1. (c) f(x) > 6
By comparison, r 2 1 = 2k x 2 + 4x 6 > 6
x 2 + 4x > 0
Solve the following simultaneous equations: x 2 4x < 0
r = k 1 1 x(x 4) < 0
r 2 1 = 2k 2

Substitute 1 into 2 : x
0 4
(k 1)2 1 = 2k
k 2 2k + 1 1 2k = 0
The required range of values of x is 0 < x < 4.
k 2 4k = 0
k(k 4) = 0
k = 0 or k = 4
k = 0 is not accepted.
k=4
When k = 4, r = 4 1 = 3

9
Form 4: Chapter 4 (Simultaneous Equations)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 2

1 4x + y = x 2 + x y = 3 y
3 x + = 1 1
4x + y = 3 1 2
x 2 + x y = 3 2 3xy 7y = 2 2
From 1 : y = 3 4x 3 From 1 :
2x + y = 2
Substitute 3 into 2 :
y = 2 2x 3
x 2 + x (3 4x) = 3
x 2 + x + 3 + 4x + 3 = 0 Substituting 3 into 2 :
x 2 + 5x + 6 = 0 3x(2 2x) 7(2 2x) 2 = 0
(x + 2)(x + 3) = 0 6x 6x 2 14 + 14x 2 = 0
x = 2 or 3 6x 2 + 20x 16 = 0
From 3 : 3x 2 10x + 8 = 0
(3x 4)(x 2) = 0
When x = 2, y = 3 4(2) = 5
4
When x = 3, y = 3 4(3) = 9 x = or 2
3
Hence, the solutions are x = 2, y = 5
From 3 :
or x = 3, y = 9.
4 4 2
When x = , y = 2 2
3 3 =
3
2 x y = 1 1 When x = 2, y = 2 2(2) = 2
x 2 + 3y = 6 2 1 2
Hence, the solutions are x = 1 , y =
From 1 : x = 1 + y 3 3 3
or x = 2, y = 2.
Substitute 3 into 2 , we have:
(1 + y)2 + 3y = 6
1 + 2y + y 2 + 3y 6 = 0 4 3x + y = 2 1
y 2 + 5y 5 = 0 x2 + 2y2 + xy = 4 2

b b2 4ac From 1 : y = 2 3x 3
y =
2a
Substituting 3 into 2 :
5 52 4(1)(5)
y = x 2 + 2(2 3x)2 + x(2 3x) = 4
2(1)
x 2 + 2(4 12x + 9x 2) + 2x 3x 2 4 = 0
5 45 x 2 + 8 24x + 18x 2 + 2x 3x 2 4 = 0
y =
2(1) 16x 2 22x + 4 = 0
y = 0.854 or 5.854 8x 2 11x + 2 = 0

From 3 : (11) (11) 4(8)(2)


2
x =
When y = 0.854, x = 1 + 0.854 = 1.854 2(8)
When y = 5.854, x = 1 + (5.854) = 4.854 11 57
x =
Hence, the solutions are x = 1.854, y = 0.854 16
or x = 4.854, y = 5.854 (correct to 3 decimal x = 1.159 or 0.216
places).

10
From 3 : 7 3x y = 9 1
When x = 1.159, y = 2 3(1.159) = 1.477 x2 2x + y 2 = 9 2
When x = 0.216, y = 2 3(0.216) = 1.352
From 1 : y = 3x 9 3
Hence, the solutions are x = 1.159,
Substituting 3 into 2 :
y = 1.477 or x = 0.216, y = 1.352 (correct to
x2 2x + (3x 9)2 = 9
3 decimal places).
x 2 2x + 9x2 54x + 81 9 = 0
10x 2 56x + 72 = 0
5x 2 28x + 36 = 0
5 2x y 2 = 0 1
(x 2)(5x 18) = 0
2x 2 10x + y + 8 = 0 2 18
x = 2 or
From 1 : y = 2x 2 3 5
From 3 :
Substituting 3 into 2 :
2x 2 10x + 2x 2 + 8 = 0 When x = 2, y = 3(2) 9 = 3
2x 2 8x + 6 = 0 18 18 9
x 2 4x + 3 = 0 When x =
5
,y=3
5
9=
5
(x 1)(x 3) = 0
x = 1 or 3
Hence, the solutions are x = 2, y = 3 or
From 3 : 18 9
When x = 1, x= ,y= .
5 5
y = 2(1) 2 = 0
When x = 3,
y = 2(3) 2 = 4
Hence, the solutions are x = 1, y = 0 or x = 3, y = 4.

6 3x + y + 4 = 0 1
xy + 40 = y 2
2

From 1 : y = 3x 4 3
Substituting 3 into 2 :
x(3x 4) + 40 = (3x 4)2
3x 2 4x + 40 = 9x 2 + 24x + 16
9x 2 + 3x 2 + 24x + 4x + 16 40 = 0
12x 2 + 28x 24 = 0
3x 2 + 7x 6 = 0
(3x 2)(x + 3) = 0
2
x = or 3
3
From 3 :
2
When x = ,
3
2
y = 3 3
4 = 6

When x = 3,
y = 3(3) 4 = 5
2
Hence, the solutions are x = , y = 6 or
3
x = 3, y = 5.

11
Form 4: Chapter 5 (Indices and Logarithms)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 log2 R log4 Q = 2 4 log5 2.7


log2 Q 7
log2 R =2 = log5 2
log2 4 10
log2 Q 27
log2 R =2 = log5
10
log2 22
33
log2 R
log2 Q
=2
= log5 25
2 = log5 3 (log5 2 + log5 5)
3
2 log2 R log2 Q = 4 = 3 log5 3 log5 2 log5 5
log2 R 2 log2 Q = 4 =3pm1
R2
log2 =4
Q
R2 2
= 24 5 3s + 2 3s + 1 =
Q 3
R2 = 24 Q 2
3 (3 ) 3 (3 ) =
s 2 s 1

R = 24 Q 3
2
R = 22 Q 9(3 ) 3(3 ) =
s s
3
R = 4 Q 2
(9 3)(3 ) =
s
3
2
6(3 ) = s
2 42x 3 = 5x 3
log 42x 3 = log 5x 2 1
3 = s

(2x 3) log 4 = x log 5 3 6


1
2x log 4 3 log 4 = x log 5 3 = s
9
2x log 4 x log 5 = 3 log 4 3s = 32
x(2 log 4 log 5) = 3 log 4 s = 2
3 log 4
x =
2 log 4 log 5
6 log5 (2y 1) = 1 + log5 (y 8)
x = 3.576
log5 (2y 1) log5 (y 8) = 1
2y 1
3 2434x = 98x + 6
log5
y8 =1

(35)4x = (32)8x + 6 2y 1
= 51
320x = 32(8x + 6) y8
Equating the powers, we have: 2y 1 = 5(y 8)
20x = 2(8x + 6) 2y 1 = 5y 40
20x = 16x + 12 3y = 39
4x = 12 y = 13
x = 3

12
7 2 = ms 10 2 + 2 log4 (p 6) = log2 p
logm 2 = s 2 log4 (p 6) log2 p = 2
3 = mt log2 (p 6)
logm 3 = t 2 log2 4
log2 p = 2
1
log2 (p 6)
m


logm 6
= logm m 2
23
2 2
log2 p = 2

1
= logm m 2 logm 2 logm 3
1
= s t log2 4 = log2 22 = 2 log2 2 = 2(1) = 2
2
1 log2 (p 6) log2 p = 2
8 272x 5 =
9 x+1
p6
33(2x 5) =
1 log2
p
= 2
3 2(x + 1)
p6
= 22
1 p
33(2x 5) = 1 p6 1
[32(x + 1)] 2 =
p 4
1
33(2x 5) = (x + 1) 4p 24 = p
3
33(2x 5) = 3(x + 1) 3p = 24
p = 8
Equating the powers,
3(2x 5) = (x + 1)
6x 15 = x 1
7x = 14
x = 2 27f
log3 27fg
11 log9 g
=
log3 9
x 4
9 log3
y
= 2 + 2 log3 x + log3 y
=
log3 27 + log3 f log3 g
x 4
log3 32
log3
y 2 log3 x log3 y = 2
log3 33 + log3 f log3 g
x4 =
log3
y
log3 x 2 log3 y = 2 log3 32
3+ab
xy
4
=
2
log3 =2
x 2y

xy x1y = 2
4
log3 2

x 2
log = 2
y 3 2

x2
= 32
y2
x 2 2
y
=3
x
=3
y
x
y =
3

13
12 4(2h 1) = 8h 15 27(32x + 1) = 1
22 2h 1 = 23h 33(32x + 1) = 30
33 + 2x + 1 = 30
22 + h 1 = 23h
By comparison,
Equating the indices,
2x + 4 = 0
2 + h 1 = 3h x = 2
1 = 2h
1
h = 16 1 + log2 (x 3) = log2 x
2
log2 x log2 (x 3) = 1
x
13 814x 3 = 272x
log2
x3 =1
x
34(4x 3) = 33(2x) = 21
x3
x = 2x 6
By comparing the indices, x=6
4(4x 3) = 3(2x)
16x 12 = 6x
10x = 12
6
x =
5

14 log4 x = log2 5
log2 x
= log2 5
24
log
log2 x
2 = log2 5
log2 2
log2 x
= log2 5
2
log2 x = 2 log2 5
log2 x = log2 52
log2 x = log2 25
x = 25

14
Form 4: Chapter 6 (Coordinate Geometry)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 C(2b, 3c) y x
2 + =1
k 3
3y + kx
4
=1
3k
B(b, c) 3y + kx = 3k
3y = kx + 3k
3
k
y = _ x + k
3
k
A(2a, a) m1 = _
3
B = (b, c) 5y = 3x + 25
3
4(2a)3 ++ 43(2b), 4a3++3(3c)
4
= (b, c) y = x + 5
5
3
8a +7 6b, 4a +7 9c = (b, c) m2 =
5
m1m2 = 1
Equating the x-coordinates:
8a + 6b = b 3k 35 = 1
7 k = 1
8a + 6b = 7b 5
8a = b
k=5
a = b ... 1
8 x y
3 + = 1 is an equation in the intercept form
3 4
Equating the y-coordinates: where the x-intercept is 3 and the y-intercept is 4.
4a + 9c = c Q = (0, 4)
7 P = (3, 0)
4a + 9c = 7c mQP = 4 0 = 4
4a + 2c = 0 03 3
2a + c = 0 ... 2 Gradient of the perpendicular line
= 1 = 3
4
Substitute 1 into 2 : 4
3
2 b +c=0
Hence, the equation of the straight line that is
8
perpendicular to PQ and passes through the point
b +c=0
Q(0, 4) is
4 y y1 = m(x x1)
b + 4c = 0
b = 4c y 4 = 3 (x 0)
4
4(y 4) = 3x
4y 16 = 3x
4y = 3x + 16

15
x y
4 A = (2, 2), B = (3, 5) 7 + =1
Let P = (x, y) 10 p
PA : PB = 2 : 3 y-intercept = p = 4
PA = 2 x y
+ = 1
PB 3 10 4
3PA = 2PB y-intercept
Gradient =
3 [x (2)] + [y (2)] = 2 (x 3) + (y 5)
2 2 2 2
x-intercept
Squaring both sides, we have:
m1= 4 = 2
32[(x + 2)2 + (y + 2)2] = 10 5
22[(x 3)2 + (y 5)2]
y + qx 5 = 0
9(x 2 + 4x + 4 + y 2 + 4y + 4) =
y = qx + 5
4(x2 6x + 9 + y 2 10y + 25)
m2 = q
9x 2 + 36x + 36 + 9y 2 + 36y + 36 =
4x 2 24x + 36 + 4y 2 40y + 100 m1 = m2
5x + 5y + 60x + 76y 64 = 0
2 2
2 = q
Hence, the equation of the locus of P is 5
5x 2 + 5y2 + 60x + 76y 64 = 0. q= 2
5
h k
5 AB : y =x+
2 2
k+1 h 8 Area = 12 units2

PQ : y =
3
x+
3 1 1 5 3 1
= 12
h 2 3 2 q 3
mAB =
2 2 + 5q 9 (15 6 + q) = 24
k+1 4q 16 = 24
mPQ =
3 4q 16 = 24
Since the straight line AB and PQ are
4q 16 = 24 or 4q 16 = 24
perpendicular to each other,
4q = 40 4q = 8
(mAB)(mPQ) = 1
q = 10 q = 2
h k+1

2 3
= 1
6 9 (a) The equation of the straight line AB is
h= x y
k+1 + = 1.
4 5
6 The equation of PQ is
(b) PA = PB
2y = x + 4
(x 0) + (y 5)2 = (x 4)2 + (y 0)2
2
1
y= x+2 x 2 + (y 5)2 = (x 4)2 + y2
2 x + y 2 10y + 25 = x 2 8x + 16 + y 2
2
1
mPQ = 8x 10y + 9 = 0
2
1
mQR = =2
mPQ 10 Area = 16 units2
Hence, the equation of QR is y = 2x 3. 1 2 0 4 2
= 16
2 3 t 1 3
Equation of PQ:2y = x + 4 ... 1 2 0 4 2
Equation of QR: y = 2x 3 ... 2 = 32
3 t 1 3
1 2 + 2 : 5y = 5 2t 12 (4t + 2) = 32
y=1 2t 14 = 32
From 1 : 2(1) = x + 4 2t 14 = 32
x=2 2t 14 = 32 or 2t 14 = 32
Hence, the coordinates of point Q are (2, 1). t = 23 t = 9

16
12 (a) x-intercept = 12
11 Midpoint of AB = 2 +2 14, 2 +2 6 6h = 12
h=2
= (6, 4)
62
mAB = =1
14 (2) 4 (b) y-intercept = 3k
9 = 3k
Gradient of perpendicular bisector = 4 k = 3
Equation of perpendicular bisector is
y 4 = 4(x 6)
y 4 = 4x + 24
y = 4x + 28

Paper 2

1 y mMA = 0 3 = 3
(b)
3 1 4
R(x, y)
mAC = 1 = 1 = 4
mMA 3 3
M(1, 3)
4
x
A(3, 0) O Equation of the straight line AC is
C y 0 = 4 [x (3)]
3
3y = 4(x + 3)
3y = 4x 12
(a) (i) Radius of the circle
At point C (y-axis), x = 0.
= MA
3y = 4(0) 12 y = 4
= (3 1)2 + (0 3)2 C = (0, 4)
= 16 + 9 Area of OAC
= 25 =
1 0 3 0 0
=5
&
% & % &
%
2 0 0 4 0
MR = MA 1
= 12
(x 1) + (y 3)2 = 5
2 2
= 6 units2
(x 1)2 + (y 3)2 = 52
x 2 2x + 1 + y 2 6y + 9 = 25
x 2 2x + y 2 6y 15 = 0
2 (a) y
Hence, the equation of the locus of the
point R(x, y) is
C
x 2 2x + y 2 6y 15 = 0.
x
O
(ii) Point B(4, k) lies on the circumference of 2 B(6, 0)

the circle. 1
D
42 2(4) + k2 6k 15 = 0 A(0, 3)
k2 6k 7 = 0
(k 7)(k + 1) = 0 The equation of AB in the intercept form is
k = 7 or 1
x + y = 1.
6 (3)

17
(b) 2AD = DB From 1 :
AD = 1 2(1) y 5 = 0
DB 2 y = 7
B(6, 0) B is point (1, 7).
2
(b) A( 9, 3)

1 2

A(0, 3) B( 1, 7)

3
D = 2(0) + 1(6) , 2(3) + 1(0) = (2, 2)

1+2 1+2
D(h, k)

mAB = 0 (3) = 1
(c)
60 2 B = (1, 7)

mCD = 1
mAB
= 1 = 2
1
3(9)
2+3
+ 2h , 3(3) + 2k = (1, 7)
2+3
2
275+ 2h , 9 +5 2k = (1, 7)
Hence, the equation of CD is
Equating the x-coordinates:
y y1 = m(x x1)
y (2) = 2(x 2) 27 + 2h = 1
y + 2 = 2x + 4 5
y = 2x + 2 2h = 22
y-intercept = 2 h = 11

3 (a) (i) The gradient of the straight line Equating the y-coordinates:
2x y 5 = 0 y = 2x 5 is 2.
mBC = 2 9 +5 2k = 7
mAB = 1 = 1 2k = 26
mBC 2 k = 13
D is point (11, 13).
Hence, the equation of the straight line
AB is: Area of ADO
y y1 = m(x x1)
1 9 11 0 9
=
y (3) = 1 [x (9)]
&
% &
% &
%
2 3 13 0 3
2
1
At point A(9, 3),
= 117 (33)
2
x1 = 9, y1 = 3. 1
= 150
2
2(y + 3) = (x + 9) = 75 units2
2y + 6 = x 9
x + 2y + 15 = 0 (general form) (c) Let P be point (x, y)
PA = 2
(ii) Equation of BC: 2x y 5 = 0 ... 1
[x (9)] + [y (3)]2 = 2
2
Equation of AB: x + 2y + 15 = 0 ... 2
(x + 9)2 + (y + 3)2 = 22
4x 2y 10 = 0 ... 1 2
x 2 + 18x + 81+ y 2 + 6y + 9 = 4
+ x + 2y + 15 = 0 ... 2 x 2 + 18x + y 2 + 6y + 86 = 0
5x + 5 = 0
x = 1

18
4 (a) ii(i) Area of OAB i(ii) At the y-axis, x = 0
1 0 3 6 0 02 18(0) + y 2 6y + 38 = 0
= &
% &
% &
%
2 0 5 1 0 y 2 6y + 38 = 0
1
= 3 (30) b2 4ac
2
1 = (6)2 4(1)(38)
= 27 = 36 152
2
= 13.5 units2 = 116

Since b2 4ac < 0, there are no real roots


AB = [6 (3)] + [1 (5)]
i(ii) 2 2
and hence, the locus will not cut the
= 92 + 62 y-axis.

= 117
= 10.82 units 5 (a) Equation is 3x + 2y 12 = 0
y
At point P (on the y-axis), x = 0.
3(0) + 2y 12 = 0 y = 6
P(0, 6)
B(6, 1)
At point Q (on the x-axis), y = 0.
O h
x 3x + 2(0) 12 = 0 x = 4
Q(4, 0)

P(0, 6)
A(3, 5)

4
Area of OAB = 13.5
1
AB h = 13.5
2
A
1
1
10.82 h = 13.5 Q(4, 0)
2
h = 2.50 The coordinates of point A are
1(0) + 4(4) 1(6) + 4(0) 1 1
Hence, the perpendicular distance from 4+1
,
4+1
= 3 ,1 .
5 5
O to AB is 2.50 units.
(b) 3x + 2y 12 = 0
(b) ii(i) Let P = (x, y) 2y = 3x + 12
PA = 2PB
3
(PA)2 = (2PB)2 y= x+6
2
PA2 = 4PB2
3
[x (3)]2 + [y (5)]2 = mPAQ =
2
4[(x 6)2 + (y 1)2] 2
m (perpendicular line) =
(x + 3)2 + (y + 5)2 = 3
4[(x 6)2 + (y 1)2] Hence, the equation of the perpendicular
x 2 + 6x + 9 + y 2 + 10y + 25 = line is
4(x 2 12x + 36 + y 2 2y + 1) 6 2 16
x 2 + 6x + 9 + y 2 + 10y + 25 =
y =
5 3
x 5
4x 2 48x + 144 + 4y 2 8y + 4 16
0=
15y 18 = 10 x 5 15
3x 2 54x + 3y 2 18y + 114 15y 18 = 10x 32
x 2 + y 2 18x 6y + 38 = 0 15y = 10x 14

19
6 y
7 (a) y Q (6, 9)
Q(x, y) P (2, 7)
P(1, k)

5 units R
5 units T

M(4, 2) 7x 2y = 44

5 units O x
O x
S

R(a, b) mPQ = 9 7 = 1
62 2
mPS = 2
(a) Let point Q be (x, y). Equation of PS is
QM = 5 y 7 = 2(x 2)
(x 4)2 + (y 2)2 = 5 y 7 = 2x + 4
(x 4)2 + (y 2)2 = 52 y = 2x + 11
x 2 8x + 16 + y 2 4y + 4 = 25
x 2 8x + y 2 4y 5 = 0
(b) Substituting y = 2x + 11 into
(b) ii(i) Since P(1, k) lies on the locus of Q, 7x 2y = 44,
12 8(1) + k 2 4k 5 = 0 7x 2(2x + 11) = 44
k 2 4k 12 = 0 7x + 4x 22 = 44
(k + 2)(k 6) = 0 11x = 66
k = 2 or 6 x=6
k = 2 is not accepted When x = 6, y = 2(6) + 11 = 1
k=6 Hence, the coordinates of point S are (6, 1).
i(ii) Since point P and point R lie on the
locus of Q, their distances from point
M are equal. This means that M is the (c) T = 3(2) + 1(6) , 3(7) + 1(1)

1+3 1+3
midpoint of PR.
= (3, 5)
Let point R be (a, b).
1+a 6+b (d) Area of PQRS = 30 units2
2
,
2
= (4, 2)
1 2 6 k 6 2
= 30
By comparison, 2 7 1 7k 44 9 7
2
1+a 6+b
= 4 and =2 2 + 3(7k 44) + 9k + 42
2 2
[42 k + 3(7k 44) + 18] = 60
a=7 b = 2
2 + 3(7k 44) + 9k + 42
R(7, 2) 42 + k 3(7k 44) 18 = 60
(c) O(0, 0), P(1, 6), R(7, 2) 20 + 10k = 60
Area of OPR k=8
7(8) 44
1 0 1 7 0 When k = 8, =6
= 2
2 0 6 2 0
1 The coordinates of point R are (8, 6).
= 2 42
2
1
= 44
2
= 22
= 22 units2

20
Form 4: Chapter 7 (Statistics)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 =k 3 (a) x =
x
2
x x 2 n


n n =k
=
72
6
m x 2 = 12

5 =k
5
x 2 2
m x = k 2 (b) 2 = (x )
n
5 5
2

948
m k 2 = (x) 2 = 122
6
5 25 = 14
(x) = 5m 25k 2
2

x = 5m 25k2
4 (a) x = 8
x
= 8
9
2 Variance = 14
x = 72
2 2
x x
n n = 14 x (new) = 7.5
(b)
12 + 42 + k 2 1 + 4 + k 72 + k
= 7.5
= 14
2

3 3 10
72 + k = 75
17 + k 2 5 + k k = 3
= 14
2

3 3
17 + k 2 (5 + k)2 = 14
3 9 5 (a) x = 39

x
3(17 + k 2) (5 + k)2 = 126 = 39
6
51 + 3k 2 (25 + 10k + k 2) = 126 x = 234 kg
51 + 3k 2 25 10k k 2 126 = 0
(b) = 2
2k 2 10k 100 = 0
2 = 4
k 2 5k 50 = 0 x 2
392 = 4
(k + 5)(k 10) = 0 6
k = 5 or 10 x2 = 9150 kg2
k = 5 is not accepted.
k = 10

21
Paper 2

1 (a) i(i) Given that x = 10, 3 (a) The frequency table which represents the
x given histogram is as follows.
= 10
6
x = 60 Marks Frequency
Cumulative
frequency
(ii) Given that = 3,
2 = 9 10 24 2 2
2
(x )2 = 9
x
25 39 6 8
n
x 2 40 54 8 16
102 = 9
6
55 69 13 29
x 2 = 654
(b) If each mark is multiplied by 4 and then 5 is 70 84 5 34
added to it: 85 99 2 36
i(i) New mean
= (4 original mean) + 5 Median class
= (4 10) + 5
= 45 The median class is given by
(ii) New standard deviation T n = T 36 = T18
= (4 original standard deviation) 2 2

= 4 3 Thus, the median class is 55 69.


= 12 nF

Hence, the new variance


= 122
Median = L +
2
fm
c
36 16
= 144
= 54.5 +
2
13
(15)

x 200 = 56.81
2 (a) Mean, x = = = 20
n 10 (b)
Variance, 2 = x (x )2
2
Marks f Midpoint (x) fx fx 2
n
= 4400 202 10 24 2 17 34 578
10
= 40 25 39 6 32 192 6144

(b) Assume that a number k is added to the first 40 54 8 47 376 17 672


set of data. 55 69 13 62 806 49 972
i(i) New mean = 20 + 2
x + k 70 84 5 77 385 29 645
= 22
11
85 99 2 92 184 16 928
200 + k
= 22
11 f fx fx 2
k = 42 = 36 = 1977 = 120 939
(ii) New standard deviation Standard deviation,
= x + 42 222
2 2
fx 2 fx 2

11

=
f f
4400 + 422 222 120 939 1977 2


=
11

=
36 36
= 8.739 = 18.54

22
4 (a) (c) New mode = Original mode 3
= 53.75 3
Cumulative
Marks Frequency = 50.75
frequency

20 29 2 2 5 (a)
30 39 4 6 Score Number of students

40 49 6 (12) 0 19 9

50 59 (12) 24 20 39 19 9 = 10

60 69 k 24 + k 40 59 31 19 = 12

70 79 2 26 + k 60 79 41 31 = 10

f = 26 + k 80 99 44 41 = 3

Median class (b)


Cumulative
Score Frequency
frequency
If the median is 52, then the median class is
50 59. 0 19 9 (9)
Median = 52
nF 20 39 (10) 19

L+
2
fm
c = 52 40 59

60 79
12

(10)
(31)

41
26 + k 12


49.5 + 2
12
(10) = 52
80 99 3 44

The Q1 class is given by


26 + k 24
2
12
(10) = 52 49.5
T n = T 44

= T11
4

2+k


= 20 39
2
(10) = 2.5 44 9
12


2+k
24
(10) = 2.5

Q1 = 19.5 +
4
10
(20)
2+k=6 = 23.5
k=4 The Q3 class is given by
(b) T 3 = T 3
n (44)
4 4

= T33
= 60 79
3 (44) 31

Q3 = 59.5 +
4
10
(20)
= 63.5
Hence, the interquartile range
Modal mark = 53.75 = Q3 Q1
= 63.5 23.5
= 40

23
6 5h + 5k = 45 1 5
Profit
Frequency
Cumulative 5h + 3k = 35 2
(RM) frequency 2k = 10
30 39 h h k = 5

40 49 13 h + 13 From 1 :
h + 5 = 9
50 59 k h + k + 13 h = 4
60 69 11 h + k + 24
Profit
70 79 7 h + k + 31 Frequency
(RM)

f = 40 30 39 4
h + k + 31 = 40 40 49 13
h + k = 9 1
50 59 5
Median = 55.5
nF 60 69 11

L +
2
fm
c = 55.5 70 79 7

40 (h + 13) The modal class is RM(4049).

49.5 + 2
k
(59.5 49.5) = 55.5 7 (a) =
24 978 000 12 234
6 6
2

7h
k
(10) = 6 = 4 163 000 4 157 521

70 10h = 6k = 5479
35 5h = 3k
5h + 3k = 35 2 = RM74.02
12 234
(b) New mean = + 600
6
= 2039 + 600
= RM2639
New standard deviation
= Original standard deviation
= RM74.02

24
Form 4: Chapter 8 (Circular Measure)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 Let OR = r cm 8
4 AOB =
Perimeter of the sector ROS = 40 cm 12
r + r + 8 = 40 2
= rad.
2r = 32 3
r = 16 Area of the shaded region
s = Area of sector OAB Area of sector AMN
=
r 1 2 1 2
=
8
= (12)2
2 3 2
(6) (0.7)

16 = 48 12.6
= 0.5 rad. = 35.4 cm2

2
5

A
r
Q R
46.64 cm O 0.454 rad.

B 5 cm 5 cm

3 cm 3 cm
P S

Length of the major arc AB = 46.64 cm 5 cm


4 cm
5 cm
r(2 0.454) = 46.64
r[(2 3.142) 0.454] = 46.64 1.287 rad.
r(5.83) = 46.64 O
r = 8
Radius = 8 cm (a) Length of arc QR
= 10 1.287
3 (a) Area of sector = 20 cm2 = 12.87 cm
1 2
r (0.4) = 20
2
r 2 = 100 (b) Area of the shaded region
r = 10 = Area of sector OQR Area of OPS
1 1
Length of the arc AB = r 2 q Base Height
2 2
= 10 0.4 = 4 cm
1 1
= (10) (1.287) 6 4
2
(b) Reflex angle AOB 2 2
= 2 0.4 = 64.35 12
= (2 3.142) 0.4 = 52.35 cm2
= 5.884 rad.
180
= 5.884
3.142
= 337 5

25
6 7 OA : OD = 2 : 3
OA 2
=
OD 3
8 2
=
OD 3
O OD = 12 cm
12 cm Area of the shaded region = 45 cm2
6 cm
1 1
(12)2 q (8)2 q = 45
P R 2 2
6 cm 40q = 45
q = 1.125 rad.
Q

(a) In OPR,
6
cos POR =
12
POR = 60
3.142
= 60
180
= 1.0473 rad.

(b) PR = 122 62
= 108
= 10.3923 cm
Area of shaded region
= Area of sector OQR Area of OPR
1 1
= 122 1.0473 6 10.3923
2 2
= 75.4056 31.1769
= 44.23 cm2

26
Paper 2

1 A (b) Based on JOQ,


3
6 cm
OQ
OP = 15 P cos JOQ =
5 OJ

9 cm 8
= 9 cm 12 cm cos 60 =
OJ
O B 8
15 cm OJ =
cos 60
(a) From OPB, = 16 cm
9 3
cos q = = Length of the arc JLK
15 5
q = 53.13 = OJ JOK
3.142 2
= 53.13 = 16 (3.142)
180 3
= 0.9274 rad. = 33.51 cm
(b) Area of the shaded region (c) Area of the shaded segment
= Area of sector OAB Area of OPB 1
= r 2 (a sin a)
1 1 2
= (15)2(0.9274) 9 12
2 2 1 2
= 104.3325 54 = 50.33 cm2 2
= (16)2 3.142 sin 120
3
= 157.27 cm2
2 (a) J

P 3 (a) In OQR,
r 7
8 cm 60
60 60
cos3
=
OR
T O Q L
7
60 60
cos 60 =
8 cm 60 OR
7
R OR =
cos 60
K
= 14 cm
In OQR,
Insert a line OQ in the diagram.
QR
Since OPQR is a rhombus, tan 60 =
OP = PQ = QR = RO. 7
QR = 7 tan 60
Since the radius of a circle is a constant, = 12.1244 cm
OP = OQ = OR.
It can now be concluded that OPQ is an S
equilateral triangle because
OP = PQ = OQ.
Q
It can also be concluded that ORQ is an
equilateral triangle because 7 cm B
OR = RQ = OQ.
O rad.
3
Therefore, POQ = ROQ = 60
12
.12

7 cm
Hence, POR = a
44

A
c

= 120
m

P
7 cm
= 120
180
2 R
= rad.
3

27
PR = OR OP (b) 4 cm 4 cm
= 14 7
P A M O 10 cm Q
= 7 cm
1.16 rad. 1.982 rad.
Length of arc PQ 10 cm 10 cm

=7
3 C
3.142
=7 8 cm
3
= 7.3313 cm R

Hence, the perimeter of the shaded region A Perimeter of the shaded region
= PR + QR + Length of arc PQ = CR + Length of arc CQ + Length of arc RQ
= 7 + 12.1244 + 7.3313 = 8 + (10 1.982) + (18 1.16)
= 26.46 cm = 48.7 cm
(c) MC = CO2 MO2
(b) Area of OQR
1 = 102 42
= 7 12.1244
2 = 84 cm
= 42.4354 cm2
Area of shaded region
Area of the sector ORS = Area of sector ARQ Area of ACO
1 3.142 Area of sector COQ
= 142
2 3 1 1 1
= 102.6387 cm2 = (18)2(1.16) 8 84 (10)2(1.982)
2 2 2
Hence, the area of the shaded region B = 52.16 cm2
= Area of sector ORS Area of OQR
= 102.6387 42.4354 5 A

= 60.20 cm2
Q

6 cm
4 (a) 2 cm
30 60 6 cm M
P A 8 cm O 10 cm Q P
30 60 O
1.982 rad. 6 cm
10 cm 10 cm
R
C
B

(a) In PQO,
R 6
sin 30 =
PO
CAO is an isosceles triangle. 1 6
=
CAO = COA 2 PO
= 1.982 PO = 12 cm
= 3.142 1.982 PM = PO + OM
= 1.16 rad. = 12 + 6
= 18 cm
PA = PB = PM = 18 cm
Length of arc AMB
3.142

= 18 60
180
= 18.85 cm

28
(b) In PQO, PQ = 122 62 (c) Area of sector POR
= 10.3923 cm 1
= 62 1.824
2
Area of POQ = Area of POR = 32.832 cm2
1
= 6 10.3923 Area of sector QCR
2
= 31.1769 cm2 1
= 102 1.318
2
Area of sector QMR = 65.900 cm2
1 3.142
2
= 62 240
180 In ONC,
= 75.408 cm2 ON = 162 42
Area of sector PAMB = 240
1 3.142 = 15.492 cm
= 182 60
2 180 Area of trapezium POCQ
= 169.668 cm2
1
= (6 + 10) (15.492)
Hence, the area of the shaded region 2
= Area of sector PAMB Area of POQ = 123.936 cm2
Area of POR Area of sector QMR Area of the shaded region
= 169.668 31.1769 31.1769 75.408 = Area of trapezium POCQ
= 31.91 cm2 Area of sector POR Area of sector QCR
= 123.936 32.832 65.900
= 25.20 cm2
6

7
Q

C
4
R 10 cm 8
4 cm
O 6 cm
5
N
4 3
6 cm 6 cm 0
O 5 R 3 P
P Q
4
(a) cos q =
5
(a) In ONC,
4 q = 36.87
cos q =
16 3.142
= 36.87
q = 75.52 180
3.142 = 0.644 rad.
q = 75.52
180
q = 1.318 rad. (correct to 4 s.f.) (b) Perimeter of the shaded region
= QR + PR + length of arc PQ
(b) In ONC,
= 5 + 3 + (8 3 0.644)
CON = 180 90 75.52
= 13.152 cm
= 14.48
POR = 90 + 14.48
= 104.48
(c) Area of the shaded region
3.142
= 104.48 = Area of sector OPQ Area of OQR
180
1 1
= 1.824 rad. = (8)2(0.644) (8)(3)
2 2
Length of arc PR = 6 1.824
= 8.608 cm2
= 10.94 cm

29
Form 4: Chapter 9 (Differentiation)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

1 (a) y = 15x(3 x) 4
4 y = 4x + = 4x + 4x 1
= 45x 15x 2 x
y y 4
= 45 30x = 4 4x 2 = 4 2
x x x
x 1 1
y = =
When = 0, y y 4
x x
4 2
x
45 30x = 0
x = 1.5 Rate of change of x:
(b) When x = 1.5, y = 15(1.5)(3 1.5) = 33.75 x x y
=
2y t y t
= 30 (negative) 1 Rate of change of
x 2 = 2 y = 2 units
Therefore, y is a maximum. 4
4 2
x
1
= 2
y y 4
2
x x 4
32
y
dx 9
dy
x = units s1
16
= (2x + 3) (2.01 2)
= (2 2 + 3) 0.01
1
= 0.07 5 g(x) =
6(3x 4)2
1
= (3x 4)2
6
3 y = 3x 3 (2x 1)3
2
Let u = 3x 3 and v = (2x 1)3 g(x) = (3x 4)3(3)
6
u v = (3x 4)3
= 9x 2 = 3(2x 1)2(2)
x x g(x) = 3(3x 4)4(3)
= 6(2x 1)2 = 9(3x 4)4
y v u 9
=u +v =
(3x 4)4
x x x
= 3x 3[6(2x 1)2] + (2x 1)3(9x 2) 1 9 1
g
3
=
1 4
=
9
= 18x 3(2x 1)2 + 9x 2(2x 1)3
3 4
3
= 9x 2(2x 1)2[2x + (2x 1)]
= 9x 2(2x 1)2(4x 1)
1
6 V = h2 (21 h)
3
1
= 7h2 h3
3
V
= 14h h2
h
h 1
=
V 14h h2

30
Rate of change of depth of water 11 y = x 2 + 16x 48
h y
= = 2x + 16
t x
h V
= At a maximum point,
V t
y
1 =0
= 9 x
14h h2
2x + 16 = 0
1
= 9 2k + 16 = 0
14(3) (3)2
k=8
3
= cm s1
11
9
12 y = = 9x 2
x2
7 y = (x + 3) = x + 6x + 9
2 2
y 18
y = 18x 3 = 3
= 2x + 6 x x
x y y

1 x x
If the gradient of the normal is , then the
6 y
gradient of the tangent is 6. dy dx
x
y 18
=6 = 3 (u)
x x
2x + 6 = 6 18
= 3 (u)
x = 0 3
2
When x = 0, y = (0 + 3)2 = 9 = u
3
Hence, the coordinates of point Q are (0, 9).
13 The normal to the curve y = x 2 7x at point L is
1
8 y = u6 parallel to the straight line y = x 10.
3
1
= (3x 6)6 y = x 2 7x
3
y 6
= (3x 6)5 (3) L
x 3
= 6(3x 6)5

9 (a) y = 3 + 14x 2x 3
y
= 14 6x 2
x y = x 10
y
When x = 2, = 14 6(2)2 = 10
x
m (normal) = 1
y 1
(b) dy dx m (tangent) = =1
x (1)
= (10) [(2 + k) 2] y
=1
= 10k x
2x 7 = 1
10 Gradient = 4 x = 4
y
=4 When x = 4, y = 42 7(4) = 12
x
2kx + 7 = 4 Hence, the equation of the normal at the point
2k(1) + 7 = 4 L(4, 12) is
2k = 3 y (12) = 1(x 4)
1 y + 12 = x + 4
k=1
2 y = x 8

31
14 (a) h9 (x) = 3kx2 6x + 4 15 y = x2(3 + px)
y = 3x2 + px3
(b) h0(x) = 6kx 6 y
= 6x + 3px2
When h0(1) = 5, x
6k(1) 6 = 5 Gradient = 8 when x = 2:
11 6(2) + 3p(2)2 = 8
k=
6 12 + 12p = 8
12p = 20
5
p=
3

Paper 2

1 0.5 m
h 49
= 2 0.1
t 25(0.3)
rm
h 49
0.7 m
= 2 0.1
hm
t 25(3.142)(0.3)
= 0.6931 m s1

Using the concept of similar triangles, 2 y = 2x 3 3x 2 12x + 11


r h y
= = 6x 2 6x 12
0.5 0.7 x
h 2y
r = 0.5 2 = 12x 6
0.7 x
5
= h (a) At turning point,
7
y
=0
1 x
V = r 2h
3 6x 2 6x 12 = 0
1 5 2 x 2 x 2 = 0

3 7
= h h
(x + 1)(x 2) = 0
25 3 x = 1 or 2
= h
147
When x = 1,
V 25 y = 2(1)3 3(1)2 12(1) + 11
= (3h2)
h 147 = 18
V 25 2 (1, 18) is a turning point.
= h
h 49 When x = 1,
h 49
= 2y
V 25h 2
= 12(1) 6 = 18 (negative)
x 2
(1, 18) is a maximum point.
Rate of change of the height of the water level:
h h V When x = 2,
= y = 2(2)3 3(2)2 12(2) + 11
t V t = 9
h 49
= 2 0.1 (2, 9) is a turning point.
t 25h
When x = 2,
Rate of increase of the volume of water: 2y
= 12(2) 6 = 18 (positive)
V x 2
= 0.1 m3 s1
t (2, 9) is a minimum point.

32
(b) At point (3, 2), (c) At turning points,
y y
= 6(3)2 6(3) 12 =0
x x
= 24 3x 2 18x + 24 = 0
mtangent = 24 x 2 6x + 8 = 0
1 (x 2)(x 4) = 0
mnormal =
24 x = 2 or 4
The equation of normal is x = 2 is not accepted.
1 x = 4
y 2 = (x 3)
24
24(y 2) = (x 3) When x = 4,
24y 48 = x + 3 y = 43 9(4)2 + 24(4) 15
24y = x + 51 =1
The coordinates of point Q are (4, 1).
At the x-axis, y = 0.
24(0) = x + 51 2y
= 6x 18
x = 51 x2
P is point (51, 0). When x = 4,
2y
= 6(4) 18 = 6 (positive)
y x2
3 (a) = 3x 2 18x + 24 Hence, Q is a minimum point.
x
Gradient at A(3, 3)
= 3(3)2 18(3) + 24
= 3

1
(b) Gradient of normal at A =
3
Equation of normal at A is
1
y 3 = (x 3)
3
3y 9 = x 3
3y = x + 6

33
Form 4: Chapter 10 (Solution of Triangles)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 2

1 (a) R Step 3(Find VM)


3m
From VRM, using Pythagoras Theorem,
P
VM = 22 1.56152
3m = 1.2497 m
Q
Step 4(Calculate PV)
Area of PRQ = 4 m2
V
1
(3)(3) sin RPQ = 4
2 1.2497 m
8
sin RPQ =
9 P
55
M
RPQ = 62.73 2.5616 m

Using the cosine rule,


RQ2 = 32 + 32 2(3)(3) cos 62.73 Using the cosine rule,
VP2 = 2.56162 + 1.24972
RQ2 = 9.75268
2(2.5616)(1.2497) cos 55
RQ = 3.123 m (correct to 4
VP = 2.110 m (correct to 4
significant figures)
significant figures)

(b) Step 1(Find PM where M is the midpoint of


(c) Step 1(Find VQP)
QR)
R V

P M 3.123 m 2.110 m
2m

Q
P Q
3m
Area of PRQ = 4 m2
1
RQ PM = 4
2 cos VQP =
22 + 32 2.1102
1 2(2)(3)
3.123 PM = 4
2 cos VQP = 0.712325
PM = 2.5616 m VQP = 44.58
Step 2(Determine VMP)
V Step 2 (Find the area of VPQ)
2m Area of VPQ
1
R = 2 3 sin 44.58
P 55 1.5615 m 2
M = 2.106 m2
1.5615 m
Q

The angle between the inclined plane VQR
and the base PQR is 55. Therefore,
VMP = 55.

34
2 (a) B (b) ii(i) Based on ABC, since the length of BC
is shorter than the length of AC and
9 cm BAC is an acute non-included angle,
30 15 cm the ambiguous case will occur.
A C
10 cm 8 cm Another triangle (ABC) that can be
D drawn is as shown below.
B

ii(i) Based on ABC, using the sine rule,


56.44
sin ABC sin 30
= B 56.44 9 cm
15 9
sin 30 30
9 cm
sin ABC = 15 A C
9 15 cm
sin ABC = 0.83333
ABC = 56.44 i(ii) ABC = 180 56.44
= 123.56
i(ii) Based on ADC, using the cosine rule,
152 = 102 + 82 2(10)(8)
cos ADC 3 (a) In PQR, using the cosine rule,
102 + 82 152 PR2 = 102 + 72 2(10)(7) cos 75
cos ADC = = 112.76533
2(10)(8)
cos ADC = 0.38125 PR = 10.62 cm
ADC = 112.41 (b) S

(iii) Based on ABC,


ACB = 180 30 56.44
= 93.56 8 cm

56.44 40 10.62 cm
P R
9 cm
93.56
30 15 cm
A C
10 cm 7 cm
10 cm 112.41 8 cm
75
D
Q

Area of the quadrilateral ABCD


= Area of ADC + Area of ABC In PSR, using the sine rule,
1 sin PSR sin 40
= (10)(8) sin 112.41 + =
2 10.62 8
1 sin PSR = 0.85330
= (15)(9) sin 93.56 PSR = 58.57 or 121.43
2
= 36.9792 + 67.3697
= 104.35 cm2 PS2R PS1R

35
S2 (c) D

6 cm
45
58.57
C
A

12.91 cm
8 cm

S1
10 cm
121.43
A
40
P R
10.62 cm 9.5 cm

B
10 cm 7 cm

75 In ABD,
sin A sin 45
=
Q
12.91 9.5
sin 45
sin A = 12.91
(c) ii(i) The obtuse PSR is represented by 9.5
PS1R. sin A = 0.96092 First quadrant
A = 73.93
In PS1R,
DAB = 73.93
PRS1 = 180 40 121.43
and DAB = 180 73.93
= 18.57
= 106.07
In PS1R, using the sine rule,
Second quadrant
PS1 10.62
=
sin 18.57 sin 121.43 Thus, ABD = 180 45 DAB
10.62 = 180 45 73.93
PS1 = sin 18.57
sin 121.43 = 61.07
PS1 = 3.964 cm
Thus, ABD = 180 45 DAB
i(ii) Area of quadrilateral PQRS
= 180 45 106.07
= Area of PQR + Area of PS1R
= 28.93
1
= 10 7 sin 75 +
2
1 5 (a) ii(i) In ABC, using the cosine rule,
= 3.964 10.62 sin 40
2 BC 2 = 162 + 72 2(16)(7) cos 55
= 47.34 cm2
= 176.5189
BC = 176.5189
= 13.29 cm
4 (a) Area of DBC = 29 cm2
1 i(ii) In CBD, using the sine rule,
6 10 sin DCB = 29 sin CBD sin 115
2 =
sin DCB = 0.96667 5 13.29
Basic = 75.16 sin 115
sin CBD = 5
DCB = 180 75.16 13.29
= 104.84 (obtuse) sin CBD = 0.34097
CBD = 19.94
(b)
BD2 = 62 + 102 2(6)(10) cos 104.84
= 166.73448
BD = 12.91 cm

36
(b) ii(i) 6
S
C
45.06o
65
cm
24 20 cm

5
cm
89.88o
R
115o D
T
25.12o
45.06o
cm
cm 33 Q
5
16 cm
C'
x
134.94o
45 70
P x V U
m
13.29 c

(a) ii(i) In RST, using the cosine rule,


RT 2 = 242 + 202 2(24)(20) cos 65
55o 19.94o RT 2 = 570.2865
RT = 23.88 cm
A 7 cm B
i(ii) SUP = 180 45 65
i(ii) In BCD, = 70
BCD = 180 115 19.94 In PSU, using the sine rule,
= 45.06 SU 57
=
In DCC, sin 45 sin 70
DCC = DCC 57
SU = sin 45
= 45.06 sin 70
DCB =180 45.06 SU = 42.89 cm
= 134.94 TU = 42.89 20
In CBD, using the sine rule, = 22.89 cm
BD 5 1
= (b) Area of PVQ = Area of RST
sin 134.94 sin 19.94 2
5 sin 134.94 1 1
BD =
sin 19.94

2 2
= 24 20 sin 65
BD = 10.38 cm = 108.7569 cm2
1 2
i Area of BCD x = 108.7569
2
1 x 2 = 217.5139
= 5 10.38 sin 25.12
2 x = 14.75
= 11.02 cm2
PV = 14.75 cm
CDB = 180 19.94 134.94 = 25.12 (c) S'

P P' U'

37
7 (a) (i) Area of ABC = 112 cm2 (b) (i) A
19.95
1
18 BC sin 34 = 112
2

12.
18 cm

cm

45
BC = 22.25 cm

45

cm
12.
(ii) Using the cosine rule, 34 126.05 53.95 53.95
AC2 = 182 + 22.252 2(18)(22.25) cos 34
B C
C
AC = 12.45 cm

(ii) Area of ABC
(iii) Using the sine rule,
1
sin ACB sin 34 = 18 12.45 sin 19.95
= 2
18 12.45
= 38.23 cm2
ACB = 53.95

38
Form 4: Chapter 11 (Index Numbers)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 2

1 P2002
(c) I= 100
P2000
Price
Weekly P2002
index for
Price in Price in expenses 121.5 = 100
Item
2000 2002
2002
(weigh-
Iw RM500
based on
tage, w) P2002 = RM607.50
2000 (I)
Hence, the corresponding total monthly
P RMp RM1.75 140 12 1680
expenses in the year 2002 was RM607.50.
Q RM2.00 RM2.30 115 28 3220
+ 21.5% + 20%
R RM4.00 RM4.80 q = 120 20 2400 (d) Year 2000 Year 2002 Year 2004
S RM6.00 RM7.50 125 30 3750
Hence, I 2004 (based on the year 2000)
T RM2.50 RMr 110 10 1100 100 + 20
= I 2002
100
w Iw 120
= 100 = 12 150 = 121.5
100
= 145.8
(a) ii(i) For item P,
P2002
I2002 = 100
P2000
2 (a) ii(i) For item S,
1.75
140 = 100 P2004
p I2004 = 100
P2002
p = 1.25
1.50
i(ii) For item R, 110 = 100
P2002
P2002
I2002 = 100 1.50
P2000 P2002 = 100
110
4.80 P2002 = RM1.36
q= 100
4.00
Hence, the price of item S in the year
q = 120
2002 was RM1.36.
(iii) For item T,
P2002
I2002 = 100 i(ii) For item P,
P2000 It is given that:
r I2002 (based on 2000) = 105
110 = 100
2.50 P2002
r = 2.75 100 = 105
P2000
Iw P2002 100
(b) I = P2000 = 1
w 105
12 150
=
100
= 121.5

39
From that table, we can see that: 3 (a) I2004 (based on 2002)
I2004 (based on 2002) = 115 P2004
P2004 = 100
P2002
100 = 115
P2002
For material K,
115 P2002
P2004 = 2 1.75
100 p= 100 = 125
1.40
I2004 (based on 2000) For material M,
P2004 q
= 100 100 = 140
P2000 2
140 2
115 P2002 q =
From 2 100
100
= 100 q = 2.80
P2002 100
105 From 1 For material N,
2.40
115 105 100 = 80
= 100 r
100 100 2.40 100
= 120.75 r =
80
Hence, the price index of item P for
r = 3.00
the year 2004 based on the year 2000 is
120.75. (b) ii(i)

I2004 (based Angle of


(b) ii(i) I = 110 Material on the year pie chart w
Iw 2002) (degrees)
= 110
w
K 125 75 15
(115 20) + (10x) +
(105 40) + (110 30) L 150 40 8
= 110
20 + 10 + 40 + 30 M 140 155 31
9800 + 10x
= 110 N 80 90 18
100
9800 + 10x = 11 000
10x = 1200 I 2004 (based on 2002)
x = 120 Iw
P2004 =
w
i(ii) I 2004 = 100
P2002 (125 15) + (150 8) +
22 (140 31) + (80 18)
110 = 100 =
P2002 15 + 8 + 31 + 18
22 8855
P2002 = 100 =
110 72
P2002 = 20.00 = 122.99

Hence, the price of a box of ice-cream in i(ii) I 2004 (based on 2002) = 122.99
the year 2002 was RM20.00. P2004
100 = 122.99
P2002
RM9
100 = 122.99
P2002
RM9 100
P2002 =
122.99
= RM7.32

40
i(ii)
(c) I 2002 + 22.99% I 2004 + 20%
I 2006
(100) (122.99) (?) Component I2006 w

I 2006 (based on 2002) U 120 1
100 + 20
= 122.99 40
100 R 100 = 160 3
= 147.59 25

S 125 4
4 (a) For component U, 44
I2006 = 120 T 100 = 110 p
40
P2006
100 = 120
P2004
I = 132
h (120 1) + (160 3) +
100 = 120
50
(125 4) + 110p
h = 60 = 132
1+3+4+p
(b) For component S, 1100 + 110p
= 132
I2006 = 125 8+p
P2006 1100 + 110p = 1056 + 132p
100 = 125 44 = 22p
P2004
p=2
m
100 = 125
k
100m = 125k
5 (a)
4m = 5k 1
P2006 = 20 + P2004 Price (RM) Price index for the
Materials year 2007 based on the
m = 20 + k 2 2006 2007 year 2006

Substituting 2 into 1 : 0.75 100 = 125


A 0.60 0.75
4(20 + k) = 5k 0.60
80 + 4k = 5k
k = 80 1.65 100 = 110
B 1.50 1.65
1.50
From 2 :
m = 20 + 80 = 100 1.20 100 = 150
C 0.80 1.20
0.80
(c) ii(i) I = 132
P2006 1.80 100 = 90
100 = 132 D 2.00 1.80
2.00
P2004
1716 1.40 100 = 140
100 = 132 E 1.00 1.40
P2004 1.00
P2004 = RM1300

41
140
Iw (c) ii(i) I 2008 = I 2005
(b) I = 100
w
140
(125 40) + (110 90) + (150 65) + = 136.49
100
(90 100) + (140 65) = 191.09
=
360
P2008
= 118.75 i(ii) I 2008 = 100
P2003
(c) I 2008 (based on 2006) P2008
100 + 15 191.09 = 100
= 118.75 7.50
100
191.09 7.50
= 136.5625 P2008 =
100
P2008 = RM14.33
100 = 136.5625
P2006
P2008
100 = 136.5625 P2008
RM16 7 (a)
P2006
100 = 120
P2008 = RM21.85
7500
100 = 120
P2006
6 (a) For salt,
P2005 P2006 = RM6250
h= 100
P2003
(b) I 2008 (based on 2006)
0.90
= 100 (120 180) + (150 100) + (110 80)
0.80 =
360
= 112.5
= 126.11
For food conditioner,
3.75 P2008
100 = 125 (c) 100 = I 2008
k P2006
3.75 100
k = P2008
125 100 = 126.11
k = 3.00 32 000

(b) P2008 = RM40 355.20

w
Ingredient I
(Angle of sector) 120
(d) I2010 for diesel = 120 = 144
100
Fish 150 200
130
I2010 for petrol = 150 = 195
Flour 120 135 100

Salt 112.5 15 I2010 for gas = 110

Food

125 10 I 2010 (based on 2006)
conditioner
(144 180) + (195 100) + (110 80)
=
Iw 360
I=
w = 150.61
(150 200) + (120 135) +
(112.5 15) + (125 10)
=
360
= 136.49

42