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1. Hydrogen iodide was found to be 22.3% dissociated at 730.8K.

Calculate Kc for
2 HI(g) H2(g) + I2 .
2. Phosgene (COCl2) is a poisonous gas that dissociates at high temperature into two other
poisonous gases, carbon monoxide and chlorine. The equilibrium constant
Kp = 0.0041 at 600K. Find the equilibrium composition of the system after 0.124 atm of
COCl2 is allowed to reach equilibrium at this temperature.

3. The gas-phase dissociation of phosphorus pentachloride to the trichloride has Kp = 3.60 at


540C:

PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2

What will be the partial pressures of all three components if 0.200 mole of PCl 5and 3.00 moles of
PCl3 are combined and brought to equilibrium at this temperature and at a total pressure of 1.00
atm?

4. Consider the equilibrium: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) Kc = 4.36 M-1 . Calculate the value of Q
for a situation in which the concentrations are [SO2]= 2.00M, [O2]= 1.50M, and [SO3] = 1.25M.

5. Consider the equilibrium: 2N2O(g) + O2(g) 4NO(g) . 3.00 moles of NO(g) are introduced into a
1.00-Liter evacuated flask. When the system comes to equilibrium, 1.00 mole of N 2O(g) has
formed. Determine the equilibrium concentrations of each substance. Calculate the K c for the
reaction based on these data.

6. An NH3 solution has a pH of 11.00. Calculate the analytical molarity of NH 3 in the solution?

7. 2.00 mL of 0.0150M HCl solution is added to 10.00 mL of 0.150M HOAc solution. Calculate pH
of the resulting mixture. Ka = 1.75x10-5

8. Calculate the pH of a 0.36 M CH3COONa solution given the pKa of acetic acid is 4.745.

9. Calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentration of pure water at 25C (K w=1.01x10-14)
and 100C (Kw=49x10-14).

10. Calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations and the pH and pOH of 0.200 M
aqueous NaOH at 25C.

11. The pKa of acetic acid is 4.75. Find the pH of acetic acid solutions of labeled concentrations of
1.0 M, 0.010 M, and 0.00010 M.
12. 3.0 mL of 0.150 M HCl solution is added to 10.0 mL of 0.150 M HOAc solution. Calculate the
pH of the mixture. (Ka = 1.75 x 10-5)
10
13. Determine the pH of 0.10M HCN (aq). For HC, Ka = 4.9 10 .
14. 2.00mL of 0.0150M HCL solution is added to 10.00mL of 0.150 HOAC solution. Calculate the
5
pH of the resulting mixture. Ka of HOAC is 1.75 10 .
15. Calculate the pH of a buffer solution that initially consists of 0.0500 M NH 3 and 0.0350 M NH4+.
(Note: Ka for NH4+ is 5.6 x 10-10). The equation for the reaction is as follows:
NH4+ <-> H+ + NH3
16. A saturated solution of Mg(OH) 2 is prepared. The pH of the solution is 10.17. What is the K sp for
this compound?

Mg(OH)2 <-> Mg2+ + 2OH


17. A liter of a buffer is composed of 0.200 mol NH3 and 0.150 mol of NH4Cl
(Ka=5.70x10-10). What is the pH of this buffer solution?
18. Use the following reversible reaction to calculate the equilibrium concentration of each species.
Assume K c =9.23 103 at the temperature of interest, and that a 2.50L chamber is
initially loaded with 0.5moles of each of the three species.
PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2
19. A vessel initially contains 4M hydrogen and 3M iodine. It is allowed to reach equilibrium where
the concentration of hydrigen iodide is found to be 2M. Calculate Kc.
20. A mixture of 0.100mol of NO, 0.050mol of H 2 , and 0.10mol of H2O is placed in a 1.0L
vessel. The following equilibrium is established:
2NO + 2 H 2 N2 + 2 H2O

At equilibrium [NO]=0.062M. Calculate the equilibrium concentrations of H2 , N2 , and


H2O .
21. Three moles of pure SO 3 are placed in an 800 L flask at 1150 K. At equilibrium, 0.58 mol of O 2
has formed. Calculate Kc for the reaction at 1150 K.

2SO3 (g) 2SO2 (g) + O2 (g)


22. Determine the pH of .30 M acetic acid (HC 2H3O2) with the Ka of 1.8x10-5.

HC2H3O2 H+ + C2H3O2
23. The Kw value that we normally use is for room temperature (25C). Calculate the equilibrium H+
concentration and pH of pure, neutral water at 0.0C (Kw = 1.14 x 10 15 at 0.0C)
24. Methylamine (CH3NH2) is a derivative of the weak base ammonia. Write the equation for the
ionization of methylamine in water, and use the I.C.E. method to find the pH of a 3.75 M CH 3NH2
solution. (Kb = 4.37 x 104 at 25C)
25. Find the pH of a 0.325 M acetic acid solution, Ka = 1.8 x 10-5

HC2H3O2 (aq) + H2O (l) C2H3O2- (aq) + H3O+ (aq)


26. Calculate the pOH and the pH for 0.25 mol/L ammonia solution. Kb = 1.8 x 10 -5

NH3 (aq) + H2O (l) NH4 + (aq) + OH- (aq)


27. Calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations and the pH and pOH of 0.200 M
aqueous NaOH at 25C.
28. Find the pH of a solution that contains 0.0034 M lactic acid (HC 3H5O3). Ka =1.4 x 10-4

HC3H5O3 (aq) + H2O (l) C3H5O3- (aq) + H3O+ (aq)

29. GIVEN THE CHEMICAL EQUATION: H2 + I2 2 HI

Calculate all three equilibrium concentrations when [H2] = [I2] = 0.200 M and K = 64.0.

30. In an experiment, hydrogen iodide was found to be 22.3% dissociated at 730.8K.

Calculate K for 2 HI H2 + I2 .
31. Benzoic acid (C6H3COOH) has a Ka of 6.3x10-5. Calculate the pH of a 0.120 M sodium benzoate
(NaC6H3COO).
32. An NH3 solution has a pH of 11.00. Calculate the analytical molarity of NH 3 in the solution. Kb =
1.8 x 105
33. Calculate the concentrations for each species present in a 0.1000 M aqueous solution of ammonia
(Kb = 1.8 x 10-5).
NH3(aq) + H2O(l) NH4+(aq) + OH-(aq)

34. Calculate the pH of the buffer solution that is 0.15 M HF and 0.15 M F-. (Ka = 6.8 x 10-4)

HF(aq) + H2O(l) H3O+(aq) + F-(aq)


35. The equilibrium constant for the following reaction at 600C is 3.5. Initially, three moles of CO
and 2 moles of H2O were mixed in a 2.5 liter container. Determine the pressure of all species at
equilibrium.
CO(g) + H2O(g) CO2(g) + H2(g)

36. Calculate the pH of a weak acid solution of 0.2 M HOBr, given:

HOBr + H2O(l) H3O+ + OBr -

37. Find the equilibrium concentration of HC 7H5O2 from a 0.43 M solution of Benzoic Acid,
HC7H5O2. Ka of HC7H5O2= 6.4 x 10-5
38. 2.00mL of 0.015M HCl solution is added to 10.00mL of 0.150M HOAc, calculate the pH of the
resulting mixture. Ka=1.75x10-5

HOAc + H2O H3O+(aq) + OAc -


39. Calculate the pH of 0.35M Sodium formate solution (NaHCOO). Ka= 1.8x10 -4

HCOO- + H2O OH- + HCOOH


40. Find the pH of a 0.0372 M solution of the commonly encountered weak base cocaine.
( Kb
6
= 2.6 x 10 )

41. Calculate the pH of a solution that is 0.200 M in NH3 and 0.300 M in NH4Cl.
+
++ H 2 O NH 3 + H 3 O
NH 4
Ka = 5.70 10-10

42. Given this equation:


H 2+ I 2 2 HI

Calculate all three equilibrium concentrations when [H2] = [I2] = 0.200 M initially and
Kc = 64.0
43. Calculate the pH of 0.30M solution of Sodium Benzoate, C6 H 5 COONa . The

is 1.55 1010
k b for C6 H 5 CO O .

44. Find the pH of a 0.20M solution of sodium propionate, C2 H 5 COONa , where the
5
K a o f propionic acid is1.34 10 .

45. Consider the following reaction

2 NO ( g )+ 2 H 2 ( g ) N 2 ( g)+ 2 H 2 O(g)
Determine the value of the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction. Initially, a mixture of 0.100
M NO, 0.050 M H2, 0.100 M H2O was allowed to reach equilibrium (initially there was no N2).
At equilibrium the concentration of NO was found to be 0.062 M.
46. Consider the following reaction

C2 H 4 ( g ) + H 2 ( g ) C2 H 6 (g) K c =0.99
What is the concentration for each substance at equilibrium if the initial concentration of ethene,
C2H4 (g) , is 0.335 M and that of hydrogen is 0.526 M?
47. What mass (in grams) of Ba(IO3)2 (487 g/mol) can be dissolved in 500 mL of water at 25oC?
48. Calculate the solubility of Ba(IO3)2 in a solution prepared by mmixing 200 mL of 0.100 M
Ba(NO3)2 with 100 mL of 0.100 M NaIO3.
49. What is the Kb for the equilibrium:

+ H 2 O HCN +OH
CN
Ka= 6.2 x 10-10
50. Calculate the hydroxide ion concentration in a 0.0100 M sodium hypochlorite solution.

++ NO 2
HNO2+ H 2 O H 3 O
Ka = 7.1 x 10-4