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GROUP 3

Demition, Patrick

Garcia, Trixia

Hernandez, Reena

Odoo, Vince

Parbo, Ria

Tarcenio, Emil

1. Three moles of pure SO3 are placed in an 800 L flask at 1150 K. At equilibrium, 0.58
mol of O2 has formed. Calculate Kc for the reaction at 1150 K.

2SO3 (g) 2SO2 (g) + O2 (g)

SO 3 SO 2 O 2

I 3mol 0 0

C -2x 2x x

E 3-2x 2x x

3 2(0.58)mole 2(0.58)mole 0.58mole


x = 0.58 SO3 = 800 L SO2 = 800 L O2 = 800 L

= 0.0023 M = 0.00145 M = 0.000725 M


[ SO2 ]2 [O2 ] (0.00145M ) 2 (0.000725M )
2

Kc = [ SO3 ] (0.0023) 2 = 2.88x10-4

2. Determine the pH of 0.30 M acetic acid (HC2H3O2) with the Ka of 1.8x10-5.

HC2H3O2 H+ + C2H3O2

HC2H302 H+ C2H302

I 0.30mol 0 0

C -x x x

E 0.30-x x x


[ H ][C2 H 3O2 ]
Ka
[ HC 2 H 3O2 ] 5.4x10-6 1.8x10-5x = x2

x = 2.31x10-3

5 x2
1.8 10
0.30 x pH = -log[x] pH = 2.64

3. The Kw value that we normally use is for room temperature (25C). Calculate the
equilibrium H+ concentration and pH of pure, neutral water at 0.0C (Kw = 1.14 x 10 15
at 0.0C)
4. Methylamine (CH3NH2) is a derivative of the weak base ammonia. Write the equation
for the ionization of methylamine in water, and use the I.C.E. method to find the pH of a
3.75 M CH3NH2 solution. (Kb = 4.37 x 104 at 25C)
5. Find the pH of a 0.325 M acetic acid solution, Ka = 1.8 x 10-5

HC2H3O2 (aq) + H2O (l) C2H3O2- (aq) + H3O+ (aq)

I 0.325 ------ 0 0

C -x ------ +x +x

E 0.325-x ------ x x


[C2 H 3O2 ][ H 3O ]
Ka
[ HC 2 H 3O2 ] 5.85x10-6 1.8x10-5x = x2

x = 2.409694069x10-3

x2
1.8 10 5
0.325 x pH = -log[x]

pH = 2.618

6. Calculate the pOH and the pH for 0.25 mol/L ammonia solution. Kb = 1.8 x 10-5
NH3 (aq) + H2O (l) NH4 + (aq) + OH- (aq)

I 0.25 ----- 0 0

C -x ----- +x +x

E 0.25-x ----- x x


[ NH 4 ][OH ]
Kb
[ NH 3 ] 4.5x10-6 1.8x10-5x = x2 pH = 14 - pOH

x = 2.112339435x10-3 = 14 - 2.68

5 x2
1.8 10
0.25 x pOH = -log[x] pH = 11.32

pOH = 2.68

7. Calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations and the pH and pOH of
0.200 M aqueous NaOH at 25C.
Kw 1.00 10 4
[ H 3O ] 5.00 10 14 M
[OH-] = 0.200 + [H3O+] [OH ] 0.200

[OH-] 0.200 pH = -log(5.00x10-14 M)

pOH = -log(0.200) pH = 13.301

pOH = 0.699

8. Find the pH of a solution that contains 0.0034 M lactic acid (HC3H5O3).

Ka =1.4 x 10-4

HC3H5O3 (aq) + H2O (l) C3H5O3- (aq) + H3O+ (aq)

I 0.0034 ----- 0 0

C -x ----- +x +x

E 0.0034-x ----- x x


[C3 H 5O3 ][ H 3O ]
Ka
[ HC 3 H 5O3 ] 4.76x10-7 1.4x10-4x = x2

x = 6.234695379x10-4

4 x2
1.4 10
0.0034 x pH = -log[x]

pH = 3.205
9. GIVEN THE CHEMICAL EQUATION H2 + I2 2 HI

Calculate all three equilibrium concentrations when [H2] = [I2] = 0.200 M and K = 64.0.

[H2] [I2] [HI]


Initial 0.200 0.200 0
Change -x -x + 2x
Equilibrium 0.200 - x 0.200 - x 2x

X=0.169956
[H2] = 2x = 2(0.169956 M)
[H2] = 0.339912 M
[I2] = 0.200 x = 0.200 0.169956M
[I2] = 0.030044 M
[HI] = 0.200 x = 0.200 0.169956M
[HI] = 0.030044 M

10. In an experiment, hydrogen iodide was found to be 22.3% dissociated at 730.8K.


Calculate K for 2 HI H2 + I2 .

0.223 moles H2 and I2

1-0.233 = 0.777 moles HI *No explicit molar concentrations are given.

[ H 2 ][ I 2 ] (0.233) 2
K
[ HI ]2 (0.777) 2

K = 0.12