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Document Approved by Recipients of controlled copies

EC/R03/100 JS AADC, ADDC, ADWEA, ADCD, QCC, UPC,


DMA, Musanada, ADFCA, HAAD.

Proposed Amendments to the Guide to the


Water Supply Regulations 2009, Issue (2)

Consultation Document

EC/R03/100

July 2015

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
Author Document Version Publication date Approved by
KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
Page 1 of 8
Foreword
(a) The Regulation and Supervision Bureau wishes to consult with all concerned
Licensees and other relevant stakeholders (ADWEA, Abu Dhabi Civil
Defence, QCC, UPC, DMA, Musanada, ADFCA, HAAD) on a matter relating
to amendments to the current Water Supply Regulations (WSR) 2009 and
Guide. The aim of the proposed amendments to this document is to ensure
that it is up to date with the current national and international water regulations,
codes and standards and reflects the best practice both locally and
internationally.

(b) Following our request for a review of the current document (2009) sent to
AADC and ADDC we have received a number of suggestions and proposals
which we have carefully considered. A number of meetings were held with
both companies to discuss details of their proposals.
(c) We have also taken on board the requirements of the federal Fire and Life
Safety Code of Practice issued by the Civil Defence Authorities and
established working contacts with their representatives to resolve any arising
issues.

Executive summary

(a) In 2013 the Bureau have made plans for reviewing the second issue of the Water
Supply Regulations 2009 i.e. the regulation conditions, guide and its annexes.

(b) The Bureau commenced the amendment process by issuing letter Reference No.
9204/JFS/2002 dated 19 February 2013 addressed to AADC and ADDC and
encouraging them to submit amendment proposals and requested feedback by
end of June 2013. Companies responded to this request but the amendment was
put on hold due to the need to resolve issues related to the newly published
federal Fire and Life Safety Code of Practice and affecting the WSR. The
main issues being minimum network pressure and firefighting water storage
requirements.

(c) On 18 June 2014 the Bureau issued letter Reference Nos. 2111/JFS/14/2008
and 2112/JFS/14/2027 addressed to AADC and ADDC respectively tabulating all
comments received to date and issues to be resolved, explaining reasons for the
delay, and proposing a new timetable including consultations with Civil Defence
Authorities.

(d) In general, the comments could be broadly divided into two categories, as
follows:

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
Author Document Version Publication date Approved by
KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
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(i) Pertaining to the Water Supply Regulation, which can be resolved
between RSB and the Distribution Companies.
(ii) Pertaining to the Water Supply Regulation and to the federal Fire and Life
Safety Code of Practice which require a resolution among RSB,
Distribution Companies and Civil Defence.
To this end the Bureau met with ADDC on 21, 27 and 28 August 2014 and
with AADC on 2 September 2014. Issues were also discussed at WDC review
panel meetings which took place the same year. Official letter Reference No.
3201/SSQ/15/2000 with proposed amendments to the federal code was sent to
the General Directorate of Civil Defence on 10 February 2015 and joint meetings
with Distribution Companies and Civil Defence were held on 14 October 2014 and
26 March 2015.

(e) The text of the Guide to WSR and has been amended accordingly and the
proposed changes to the existing version are tabulated in Appendix A of this
consultation document. The main areas of changed can be outlined as follows:
(i) Update of the reference codes, standards and other documents
(ii) Revision of the estimates of the daily rates of consumption and
associated notes
(iii) Revision of the Firefighting reserve chapter to align it with the
requirements of the federal Fire and Life Safety Code of Practice. This
includes the provision of separate water tanks if the total capacity
required for holding potable water and firefighting reserve exceeds four
times the average daily water demand. Table 1.2 outlining the required
water tank capacities has been deleted as no longer applicable.
(iv) Avoidance of certain hazardous materials. In case tanks are used for
storing water for firefighting purposes and domestic consumption
together, no hazardous materials or materials likely to contaminate the
water inside, e.g. GI/GS, should be used anywhere in the firefighting
system connected to such tanks. The use of GS tanks has now been
discouraged.
(v) Revision to the installation of externally located flowmeters
(vi) Deletion of the following pipeline materials: uPVC, copper, steel, GRE
and GRP.
(vii) Addition of the following pipeline materials: Polypropylene Random
Copolymer (PP-R) and Cross-linked (X) Polyethylene (PP-X).
(viii) Revision to the Diagrams in Annex D to bring them into line with the
amended text.

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
Author Document Version Publication date Approved by
KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
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Way forward
(a) All the Licensees and relevant stakeholders are invited to review the proposed
amendments, as enclosed, and provide feedback during August and September
2015.

(b) Once the Bureau receives the feedback, it will evaluate proposed changes and
amendments and, if found relevant, include them in a second draft version of the
WSR Issue 3, which will be issued between November and December 2015.

(c) The second draft version will be presented to all the Licensees and stakeholders
during a workshop organised by the Bureau in January 2016.

(d) It is expected the final WSR to be issued during the first quarter of 2016.

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
Author Document Version Publication date Approved by
KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
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Contents

Appendix A Table of the proposed changes


Appendix B Amended text of the Guide to WSR
Appendix C Original text of the Guide to WSR (2009)

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
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KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
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Appendix A Table of proposed changes

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Table of Changes in Guide to WSR

Sr Original Clause No./Description Changed from Changed to Summary of Changes


No Page No.

1 1 Cover Page (Title) Guide to Water Supply Regulations 2009 Guide to Water Supply Regulations Issue 3 For Consultation Changed from 2009 to Issue 3, For
Consultation
2. 2
List of revisions
3. Issued to: Publication Consultation Revised and changed to consultation
2
Document No. ER/P04/003 EC/R03/100 Doc. No. and Issue changed
Issue 2 Issue 3
Date Jan 2008 May 2015 Date changed
Prepared by: JS KR Author changed
Checked by: CH JS Approver changed
1.1
4. 7 Background (e) British Standard BS 6700. (e) British Standard BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS 6700 has been superseded.
BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558.
point no. 2, bullet point (e) Additional references have been added -
Following reference documents have been added: bullet point nos. (f) through to (j)
(f) The Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer
Water Storage Tanks - The Regulation and Supervision Bureau, Abu
Dhabi;
(g) Any relevant tankering regulations that may be in force;
(h) The Guide for Chemicals and Products that come in contact with
drinking water - The Regulation and Supervision Bureau, Abu
Dhabi;
(i) Uniform Plumbing Code of Abu Dhabi Emirate Environment
Agency, Abu Dhabi; and
(j) User Guide for the International Building Codes in the Emirates of
Abu Dhabi Department of Municipal Affairs, Abu Dhabi.
5. 8 Purpose This Document (Guide to Water Supply Regulations) provides This Document (Guide to Water Supply Regulations) provides guidance in Reference year has been changed from
guidance in support of the Water Supply Regulations (2009). support of the Water Supply Regulations (Issue 3). 2009 to Issue 3
6. 8 Scope and application (c) the person responsible for the maintenance and operation (c) the person, company or organisation, including water fittings Company, organisation, suppliers/agents
of a plumbing system in a customers Premises manufacturers or suppliers/agents, engaged in any activities relating have also been included as those to whom
point no. 8, bullet point c) to the production, supply, erection, maintenance and this guide applies.
operation of a plumbing system in a customers Premises

7. 9 Scope and application 9. This Guide covers that part of the water supply installation 9. This Guide covers that part of the water supply installation between Reference to direct connections to kitchen
between a Distribution Companys system and a a Distribution Companys system and a customers installation, which in low-rise buildings has been added.
point no. 9 customers installation, which generally consists of a generally consists of a service connection, water fittings, meter,
service connection, water fittings, meter and storage storage tanks and any direct connection to the kitchen in a low-rise,
tanks. single metered Premises like villas and shabiat, if applicable.

9 Existing arrangements 30 September 2003 1 January 2016 Applicable date changed

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point no. 12

8. 11 Operation and maintenance 18. The Responsible Person must ensure water fittings and 18. The Responsible Person must ensure water fittings and storage tanks Reference to the Code of Practice for the
storage tanks are inspected and maintained according to are inspected and maintained according to the procedures set out in Inspection and Cleaning of Customer
the procedures set out in this Guide. this Guide and the Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning Water Storage Tanks has been added.
of Customer Water Storage Tanks referred to in item no. 2 (f).
9. 13 Glossary The following definitions are re-arranged
in alphabetical order:
Bureau
Law
Premises
Tank Capacity
Vent Pipe
Water Meter
Warning Device
Wholesome Water
Point of Delivery

The wording of the following definitions is


matched with the wording available in the
Water Supply Regulations:
Customer
Distribution Company
Distribution System
Ground Storage Tank
Responsible Person
Roof Tank
Water Fitting

The following new definitions are added:


Point of Delivery
Stop Valve/Gate Valve
Water Hammer Arrester

10. 21 Water demand and sizing 1.3 The provision of ground storage tanks at customer 1.3 The provision of Ground Storage Tanks at customer Premises Word low-rise has been deleted in order
criteria Premises (particularly in low-rise buildings not higher than 10 (particularly in buildings not higher than 10 metres) shall be considered to avoid confusion with the Federal Fire
metres) shall be considered following consultation with the following consultation with the relevant Distribution Company to verify the and Life Safety Code where low-rise
point no. 1.3 relevant Distribution Company to verify the availability of availability of Adequate Network Pressure as prescribed in the Water Supply buildings are defined as those not higher
Adequate Network Pressure as prescribed in the Water Supply Regulations. than 15 metres.
Regulations.

11. 21 Table 1.1 As attached. As attached. Table 1.1 is modified including the
proposed demand figures from ADDC and
RSB research.
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12. 23 Table 1.1 Note 2. General services means water used for internal gardening Note 3. General services means water used for internal gardening and In general, Discos do not allow potable
and general cleaning purposes for a standard-size shabiat general cleaning purposes for a standard-size shabiat and villa. It water for internal gardening. However the
Note 2 and Note 5 and villa. It may increase or decrease according to the type may increase or decrease according to the type and size of villa. item General services has been added as
and size of villa. However, the estimated rate of
Note (b) consumption for calculating additional quantities shall be a consumption category in Table 1.1. Note
between 1 and 1.5 gallons per square metre per day. 2 has been amended and renumbered.
Note 5.All consumption rates for sanitary pieces shall be calculated Note 4. All consumption rates for sanitary pieces shall be calculated based
based on water-efficient plumbing fittings. It is on water-efficient plumbing fittings. Note 5 has been amended and
recommended that the flow rate for major sanitary pieces renumbered as per ADDC comments.
for residential uses such as W.C., kitchen sink and
washbasin should not exceed 0.2 l/s.
Note (b): For some of the categories, the Responsible Person has a Note (b): For some of the categories, the Responsible Person has a choice of Note (b) has been modified as per ADDC
choice of consumption rate. The Distribution Company consumption rate which are subject to the Distribution Company comments
must approve the selected rate. approval.

13. 24 Firefighting reserve 1.4 The Department of Civil Defence is the only reference for 1.4 The Department of Civil Defence is the only reference for The Fire and Life Safety CoP provide the
determining the quantity and the application of water determining the quantity and the application of water allocated for demand figures for different type of
point no. 1.4 allocated for firefighting purposes. However, Table 1.2 can firefighting purposes. The tank capacity shall be sufficient to cater for Premises. The minimum and maximum
be used as a guide for residential and commercial the duration of fire flow as determined by the Department of Civil reserve limits provided in Table 1.2 is no
customers where applicable. In the event of any conflict Defence and shall not be less than 30 minutes, subject to Civil longer applicable and hence it is removed
between the data in the table and Civil Defence Defence approval in all cases. to avoid any ambiguity.
requirements, the latter should prevail. Requirements for
any other type of Premises (for example industrial
Premises, health care centres and hotels) would need to
be established separately.
14 24 Firefighting reserve 1.5 Where ground storage tanks are considered (and in order 1.5 Where Ground Storage Tanks are considered (and in order to avoid The criterion for combined (potable +
to avoid contamination in tanks), the allocation of separate contamination in tanks) the allocation of separate tanks for firefighting) and separate (firefighting
point no. 1.5 tanks for firefighting purposes is prohibited unless prior firefighting purposes is prohibited if the total required capacity is less only) tank for has been added.
approval has been obtained from the Distribution than four times the average daily water demand, unless prior
Company. The lower part of a ground storage tank should approval has been obtained from the Distribution Company. The
be reserved for Fire Service by maintaining a constant lower part of that tank shall be reserved for Fire Service by
water level either by means of a suction pipe invert level maintaining a constant water level either by means of a suction pipe
or another approved device. The allocated fire reserve invert level or another approved device. The allocated fire reserve
shall be held completely within the ground tanks actual shall be held completely within the ground tanks actual capacity.
capacity. 1.6 If the total required capacity exceeds four times the average daily ADDC recommendation for using
water demand, then a dedicated firefighting water reserve tank circulation pump to prevent
shall be provided. It shall be totally separated from the domestic contamination in separate firefighting
water supply system to avoid contamination and water stagnation. tanks has been added in new point 1.6.
Separate firefighting reserve tanks should have a circulation pump
that automatically circulates 20% of the water volume in 8
hours/day to prevent stagnation.
15. 24 Firefighting reserve 1.6 The following figures are designed on a hose-reel basis. If 1.7 The Department of Civil Defence should be consulted to determine The Fire and Life Safety CoP provide the
other firefighting systems (such as sprinklers) are installed, the firefighting systems and actual quantity of firefighting water demand figures for different type of
point no. 1.6 the reserve would need to be larger, and the Department reserve required. The construction of Fire Services shall comply with Premises. The minimum and maximum
of Civil Defence should be consulted to determine the the requirements of UAE Fire and Life Safety Code of Practice, Fire
reserve limits provided in Table 1.2 are no
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actual quantity required; the eventual approval of the Service regulations and instructions issued by the Department of longer applicable and hence it is removed
water supply drawings would depend on their decision in Civil Defence in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Final approval from to avoid any ambiguity. Point renumbered
such a case. The construction of fire services shall comply Department of Civil Defence shall be obtained for firefighting system to 1.7
with the Fire Service regulations and instructions issued by after incorporating all the requirements of Distribution Company.
the Department of Civil Defence in the Emirate of Abu
Dhabi.

16. Tank storage capacity 1.7 Total storage capacity (ground storage tank and roof tanks 1.8 Total storage capacity of Ground Storage Tank and Roof Tanks or Criteria for separate firefighting tanks is
25
or cistern) shall be as per the following limits: cistern shall be as per the following limits: added in point no. 1.5.
point no. 1.7 (i) Minimum Capacity = 1 x daily consumption + firefighting (i) Minimum Capacity = 1 x daily consumption + firefighting Many high-rise building projects contain
reserve to be held completely in the ground tank; and reserve; and
fire reserve tank at intermediate floor
(ii) Maximum Capacity = 2 x daily consumption + firefighting (ii) Maximum Capacity = 2 x daily consumption + firefighting
level.
reserve to be held completely in the ground tank reserve
In view of the above two factors the
requirement of firefighting reserve to be
held completely in the Ground Tank is
removed from point no. 1.7 as per ADDC
comments above.
Letter capitalization ground storage tank
changed to Ground Storage Tank, roof
tank to Roof Tank as in the Glossary
definition. Point renumbered to 1.8
17 25 Tank storage capacity 1.8 1.10 Point position in the text moved and
renumbered
point no. 1.8

18 25 Tank storage capacity 1.10 Although the storage requirement shown above is vital 1.11 Although the storage requirement shown above is vital for the Requirement of tank inspection and water
for the security of supply, it should be noted that water security of supply, it should be noted that water stagnation is not testing has been added (in case the tank is
point no. 1.10 stagnation is not recommended. This is to ensure water recommended. This is to ensure water quality in the tanks does not not used for more than four days).
quality in the tanks does not deteriorate due to possible deteriorate due to possible depletion of residual chlorine which
depletion of residual chlorine which may result in may result in microbiological contamination. If water stays inside Point renumbered to 1.11
microbiological contamination. the tank for more than four days without being used the tank
shall be inspected and the water tested before the use. This
should be done in line with The Code of Practice for the
Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water Storage Tanks.

19. 25 Tank storage capacity ground storage tanks Ground Storage Tanks Letter capitalization, ground storage
tanks is converted to Ground Storage
point no. 1.12 Tanks as in the Glossary definition. Point
renumbered to 1.13

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20. 26 Tank placement and location Distribution Companys recommendations Distribution Companys instructions The word recommendations replaced
with instructions. Point renumbered to
point no. 1.16 1.17

21. 26 Tank placement and location N/A 1.18 Tanks in basements or contained in other below-ground infrastructure New item 1.18 added
must be located in such a way that they are accessible for inspection,
New item maintenance or replacement without the need to disturb the
associated infrastructure.

22. 27 Fittings and accessories of tank ground storage tanks Ground Storage Tanks Letter capitalization, ground storage
and cistern tanks is converted to Ground Storage
Tanks as in the Glossary definition. Point
point no. 1.20 renumbered to 1.22

23. 29 Water storage tanks: material 1.31 Tanks and cisterns holding potable water shall be of a 1.33 Tanks and cisterns holding potable water shall be of a suitable grade BS 6920 is changed to BS 6920-1.
and construction suitable grade and material to meet the provisions of BS and material to meet the provisions of BS 6920-1 or equivalent Reference to the Guide for Chemicals and
6920 or equivalent standards approved by the Bureau. The standards approved by the Bureau. The tank construction material, Products that come in contact with
point no. 1.31 tank construction material, lining, gaskets, adhesives, lining, gaskets, adhesives, coating or any other part in contact with
drinking water added.
coating or any other part in contact with the stored water the stored water shall not impart taste, colour, odour or toxicity, nor
Point renumbered to 1.33
shall not impart taste, colour, odour or toxicity, nor promote microbiological growth. A certificate from the relevant
promote microbiological growth. A certificate from the authorities in Abu Dhabi, such as Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority
relevant authorities in Abu Dhabi, such as Abu Dhabi Food and/or recognised international institutions such as NSF or WRc may
Control Authority and/or recognised international be requested to ensure the tanks fitness for storing potable water in
institutions such as NSF or WRc may be requested to the prevailing climatic conditions, in compliance with the Guide for
ensure the tanks fitness for storing potable water in the Chemicals and Products that come in contact with drinking water.
prevailing climatic conditions.
24. 30 Water storage tanks: material 1.33 Where the tank is not made from a corrosion-resistant 1.35 Where the tank is not made from a corrosion-resistant material, for Text has been added to point no. 1.33 to
and construction material, for example, steel, it shall be protected with a example steel, it shall be protected with a non-toxic coating or lining expand on the need to avoid using certain
non-toxic coating or lining which conforms to ADWEA which conforms to ADWEA water standard specification No. W-C-SS- hazardous materials as requested by
point no. 1.33 water standard specification No. W-C-SS-015, or as 015, or as approved by the Distribution Company for internal
ADDC. It has been further recommended
approved by the Distribution Company for internal protection purposes. In case tanks are used for storing water for
to avoid using vertical submersible turbine
protection purposes. firefighting purposes and domestic consumption together, no
pumps following the same request.
hazardous materials or materials likely to contaminate the water
inside, e.g. GI, should be used anywhere in the firefighting system Point renumbered to 1.35
connected to such tanks e.g. suction pipes and fittings, breaching
inlets and testing lines. Use of vertical submersible turbine pumps
shall be avoided, even if coated with an approved coating.
25. 31 Overflow and warning pipe 1.41 Connection of the overflow pipe of a roof tank to ground 1.43 Connection of the overflow pipe of a roof tank to ground tanks may Text has been added to address comments
arrangements tanks may be allowed as long as there is no risk of water be allowed as long as there is no risk of water contamination. In made by ADDC regarding overflow
contamination; such a connection must be approved by case internal meters are installed, the overflow pipe from the Roof connection and water losses inside
point no. 1.41 the Distribution Company. Tank shall be connected to the underground tank, providing the
buildings.
construction of underground tank has been allowed. Such a
connection must be approved by the Distribution Company. The
Point renumbered to 1.43
Distribution Company has the right charge the
Customer/Responsible Person for any water losses within the
plumbing system i.e. for the difference between the check/guard
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meter reading and the sum of customer meter readings.


26. 32 Tank protection 1.43All ground tanks or cisterns manufactured from 1.45 All ground tanks or cisterns manufactured from translucent material Galvanised steel as the material for tank
translucent material, (plastic polymers) or galvanized steel, (plastic polymers) shall be protected from sunlight by placing them construction is removed.
point no. 1.43 shall be protected from sunlight by placing them under a under a permanent fixed structure or shedding, unless factory-made The requirement for a minimum of four
permanent fixed structure or shedding, unless factory- insulated tanks are used. The insulation shall be made of rigid foam
layers of insulation has been added.
made insulated tanks are used. The insulation shall be of suitable thickness resistant to ultraviolet radiation, or as approved
Point renumbered to 1.45
made of rigid foam of suitable thickness resistant to by the Distribution Company. It is recommended that the
ultraviolet radiation, or as approved by the Distribution polyethylene tanks should have a minimum of four layers of
Company. insulation.
27. 33 Subtitle: Storage tank testing Storage tank testing and disinfection Storage tank testing and disinfection (new installations) Words new installations have been
and disinfection added for clarity

28. 34 Storage tank testing and 1.48 After completion of the testing, each tank shall be 1.50 After completion of the testing, each tank shall be disinfected in Reference to the Code of Practice for the
disinfection disinfected in accordance with the procedure below (tank accordance with the procedure below (tank disinfection shall be Inspection and Cleaning of Customer
disinfection shall be carried out only after completion of carried out only after completion of service connection flushing and Water Storage Tanks for existing tanks has
Point no. 1.48 service connection flushing and disinfection where disinfection where applicable). In case of existing customer storage
been added
applicable) tanks disinfection procedures stipulated in the Code of Practice for
Point renumbered to 1.50
the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water Storage Tanks shall
be followed

29. 35 Storage tank testing and 1.49 (h) if required by the Distribution Company, the Responsible 1.51 (h) if required by the Distribution Company, the Responsible Person Distribution Company laboratory is no
disinfection Person shall arrange to have the water tested at an shall arrange to have the water tested at an approved water quality longer applicable hence removed.
approved water quality testing facility or in the testing facility to ensure the water quality is wholesome; and Point renumbered to 1.51
point no. 1.49, bullet point no. Distribution Company laboratory to ensure the water
(h) quality is wholesome; and

30. 35 Operation of and maintenance 1.48 All tanks shall be operated and maintained by the Responsible 1.48 All tanks shall be operated and maintained by the Responsible Reference to the Code of Practice for the
procedure for storage tanks Person, to provide wholesome drinking water at all times. Person, to provide wholesome drinking water at all times. Tanks are Inspection and Cleaning of Customer
subject to cleaning and inspection frequency and procedures as Water Storage Tanks for existing tanks has
point no. 1.50 stipulated in The Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning
been added.
of Customer Water Storage Tanks.
31. 35 Operation of and maintenance 1.52 Storage tanks in or below ground and not exposed for 1.54 Storage tanks in or below ground and not exposed for visual at not less than yearly intervals replaced
procedure for storage tanks visual inspection, and tanks greater than 5000 litres in inspection, and tanks greater than 5000 litres in capacity shall be with at intervals not greater than one
capacity shall be subject to a static leakage or drop test subject to a static leakage or drop test carried out by the Responsible year.
point no. 1.51 and 1.52 carried out by the Responsible Person at not less than Person at intervals not greater than one year. Leaks shall be
Point renumbered to 1.54
yearly intervals. Leaks shall be identified and the tank identified and the tank repaired or replaced as appropriate.
repaired or replaced as appropriate.
32. 36 Reinforced concrete water 1.58 The following covers the minimum requirements for 1.60 The following covers the minimum requirements for design Recommendation has been added to
storage tanks and reservoirs design consideration when constructing reinforced consideration when constructing reinforced concrete reservoirs. In avoid constructions of underground
concrete reservoirs. general, constructions of underground reinforced concrete water reinforce concrete water storage tanks
point no. 1.58 storage tanks and reservoirs shall be avoided for low-rise buildings
and reservoirs for low rise buildings unless
unless approved by the Distribution Company.
approved by the Distribution Company (as
per ADDC comments). Point renumbered
to 1.60

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33. 37 Reinforced concrete water 1.63 The specification for concrete reservoirs should be in 1.65 The specification for concrete reservoirs should be in accordance No changes have been made despite
storage tanks and reservoirs, accordance with ADWEA Standard Specification for Water with ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works NO. W-C-SS- ADDC comments as all the required
Basic design considerations, Works NO. W-C-SS-007, or as approved by the Distribution 007, or as approved by the Distribution Company for small storage changes are covered elsewhere.
Reinforced concrete water Company for small storage tanks. tanks.
Point renumbered to 1.65
storage tanks and reservoirs

point no. 1.63

34. 38 Reinforced concrete water 1.67 Joints in reservoirs may be used in conjunction with a 1.69 Joints in reservoirs may be used in conjunction with a corresponding
BS 8007 is replaced by BS EN 1992-3.
storage tanks and reservoirs, corresponding proportion of reinforcement, to control the proportion of reinforcement, to control the concrete crack widths
Basic design considerations concrete crack widths arising from shrinkage and thermal arising from shrinkage and thermal changes to within acceptable Point renumbered to 1.69
changes to within acceptable limits and in accordance with limits and in accordance with BSEN 1992-3. Provision of expansion
Reinforced concrete water
BS 8007. Provision of expansion joints shall be made with joints shall be made with caution and a minimum number of
storage tanks and reservoirs
caution and a minimum number of expansion joints is expansion joints is recommended. Joints in the floor slab of the
point no. 1.67
recommended. Joints in the floor slab of the reservoir shall reservoir shall be repeated on the screed below to avoid non-
be repeated on the screed below to avoid non-uniform uniform movement. PVC water bars of approved size and make shall
movement. PVC water bars of approved size and make be provided at all joints.
shall be provided at all joints.
35. 38 Reinforced concrete water 1.70 The tank inlet and outlet connections shall be a complete 1.72 The tank inlet and outlet connections shall be a complete
BS 4504 is replaced by BS EN 1092-1 and
storage tanks and reservoirs, arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to BS EN 1092-
BS 4504, along with a puddle flange either cast or welded 1 and BS EN 1092-2 , along with a puddle flange either cast or BS EN 1092-2.
Basic design considerations,
on connection and shall be properly aligned both in the welded on connection and shall be properly aligned both in the Point renumbered to 1.72
Reinforced concrete water
horizontal and vertical planes to ensure a watertight joint. horizontal and vertical planes to ensure a watertight joint.
storage tanks and reservoirs
point no. 1.70
36. 40 Reinforced concrete water 1.80 Each tank with a capacity of 10,000 litres and above shall 1.82 Each tank with a capacity of 10,000 litres and above shall have a
BS 4504 is replaced by BS EN 1092-1 and
storage tanks and reservoirs, have a complete arrangement of flanged water inlet and complete arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to
outlet fittings to BS 4504; otherwise tank connection BS EN 1092-1 and BS EN 1092-2; otherwise tank connection fittings BS EN 1092-2
Installation and erection,
fittings shall comply with BS 21, along with water fittings shall comply with BS EN 10226-1/BS 21, along with water fittings BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
Reinforced concrete water
suitable for connection to tank inlet and supply pipes. suitable for connection to tank inlet and supply pipes. hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
storage tanks and reservoirs
point no. 1.80 included. Point renumbered to 1.82
37. 41 Glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) 1.87 Manufacturing and design shall conform to ADWEA 1.89 Manufacturing and design shall conform to ADWEA standard
ADWEA standard specification No. W-M-
water storage tanks, standard specification No. M-SS-013 or equivalent for glass specification No. W-M-SS-013 or equivalent for glass fibre-reinforced
fibre-reinforced plastic cisterns for cold water storage. plastic cisterns for cold water storage. SS-013 was mentioned incorrectly as M-
Basic design consideration,
SS-013 in previous issue. Point
point no. 1.87
renumbered to 1.89
38. 42 Glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) 1.88 (d) all tank openings shall be flanged, with the flanges rated 1.90 (d) all tank openings shall be flanged, with the flanges rated and drilled
BS 4504 is incorrectly mentioned as BS
water storage tanks, and drilled to match the supply/discharge pipeline ratings; to match the supply/discharge pipeline ratings; otherwise to BS EN
otherwise to BS 4501. All nozzles shall be of uPVC; 1092-1 and BS EN 1092-2. All nozzles shall be of uPVC; 4501 in previous issue.
Basic design consideration,
point no. 1.88, bullet point no. BS 4504 is replaced by BS EN 1092-1 and
(d) BS EN 1092-2.
Point renumbered to 1.90
39. 44 Galvanized steel tanks 1.92 Galvanized steel tanks, subject to being approved by the The first paragraph has been deleted and the new clause reads as follows:
This clause has been amended following
point no. 1.92 Distribution Company, can be installed provided that they
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strictly comply with Gulf Standards No. 588/1995 latest 1.94 Installation of household water storage tanks made from ADDC comments.
edition for household water storage tanks. galvanized mild steel sheets is not recommended. This is due to
manufacturing quality as well as the observation that poor Point renumbered to 1.94
The Bureau does not recommend the installation of conditions and rust have adversely affected the quality of water
household water storage tanks made from galvanized mild stored in many existing tanks.
steel sheets. This is due to manufacturing quality as well as
the observation that poor conditions and rust have
adversely affected the quality of water stored in many
existing tanks.
40. 45 Water Fittings, Materials and 2.2 For non-metallic materials, this requirement is deemed to 2.2 For non-metallic materials, this requirement is deemed to be met by
BS 6920 is replaced by BS 6920-1.
substances used in water be met by compliance with British Standard BS 6920, or compliance with British Standard BS 6920-1, or the equivalent
fittings, General the equivalent approved standard. approved standard.
point no. 2.2
41. 48 Fixing of water fittings 2.16 Allowance should be made to accommodate any 2.16 Allowance should be made to accommodate any reasonable
BS 6700 is replaced by BS EN 806-1, BS EN
point no. 2.16 reasonable foreseeable movement, including thermal foreseeable movement, including thermal movement, in accordance
movement, in accordance with BS 6700. with BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN
806-5 and BS 8558. 806-5 and BS 8558.

42. 49 Surge pressures 2.25 Transient pressure increases or surge (water hammer) may 2.25 Transient pressure increases or surge (water hammer) may be
A recommendation to consult pipe
point no. 2.25 be generated by the rapid closure of a valve, for example, generated by the rapid closure of a valve, for example, float-
float-operated valves, spherical valves or disc valves. When operated valves, spherical valves or disc valves. When installed, and/or fittings manufacturer for surge
installed, attenuation devices or water hammer arresters attenuation devices or water hammer arresters may reduce the pressure limits has been added.
may reduce the effects of surge. effects of surge. Pipe and/or fittings manufacturers should be
consulted for recommended surge pressure limits whilst designing
for such transient situations.

43. 52 Jointing of fittings 2.38 Jointing should be by threaded connections to BSP, taper 2.38 Jointing should be by threaded connections to BSP, taper thread to
BS 4504 is replaced by BS EN 1092-1 and
point no. 2.38 thread to BS 21 or to flanged connections drilled to BS BS EN 10226-1/BS 21 or to flanged connections drilled to BS EN
4504. 1092-1 and BS EN 1092-2. BS EN 1092-2
BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
included.
44. 54 Cross connection to 2.49 The method of backflow prevention and the type shall be 2.49 The method of backflow prevention and the type shall be in
BS 6700 is replaced by BS EN 806-1, BS EN
unwholesome water and in accordance with BS 6700. accordance with BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-
4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558. 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN
backflow prevention
806-5 and BS 8558.
point no. 2.49
45. 54 Float-operated valves 2.53 (c) as applicable, have a float which is constructed of a 2.53 (c) as applicable, have a float which is constructed of a non-corrosive
Word non-corrosive has been added in
point no. 2.53, bullet point no material capable of withstanding without leaking any material capable of withstanding without leaking any water
water temperature in which it operates or is likely to temperature in which it operates or is likely to operate, and have a the first line. It comes from the Uniform
(c)
operate, and have a lifting effort such that when not more lifting effort such that when not more than half immersed, the valve Plumbing Code, Chap. 6, Sec. 607.1.8
than half immersed, the valve is capable of drop-tight is capable of drop-tight closure against the maximum operating Water Supply Inlet, pg. 69.
closure against the maximum operating pressure at that pressure at that elevation in the building; and
elevation in the building; and

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46. 55 Float-operated valves Not covered in the Guide to WSR 2009 2.53 (e) It is not recommended to install a mechanical float valve on a
point no. 2.53, bullet point no (e) added,
point no. 2.53 transfer line from the Ground Storage Tank to Roof Tank, for the
sudden and continuously repeated closing and opening of the float which recommends that the level in the
valve can create water hammering effecting the transfer pump and Roof Tank should preferably be
Water Fittings downstream of the pump. The level in the Roof Tank controlled by an electric float switch and
should preferably be controlled by an electric float switch. not a mechanical float valve. This is
following ADDC recommendation.
47. 57 Pipe bedding and surrounding 2.68 Requirements for imported material for bedding and 2.68 Requirements for imported material for bedding and surrounding
BS 882: Part.2 is replaced by BS EN 12620
material surrounding nominal pipe size (complying with BS 882: nominal pipe size (complying with BS EN 12620)
point no. 2.68 Part.2)

48. 58 Valve chambers and pits 2.71 All chambers and pits shall be constructed of reinforced 2.71 All chambers and pits shall be constructed of reinforced concrete or
BS 5834 is replaced by BS 5834-4.
point no. 2.71 concrete or of solid concrete blocks to the internal of solid concrete blocks to the internal dimensions laid out in BS
dimensions laid out in BS 5834, or of a material approved 5834-4, or of a material approved by the Distribution Company. The following text has been added as per
by the Distribution Company. Chambers and pits shall be Chambers and pits shall be designed for the vehicular or other ADDC comments:
designed for the vehicular or other loading to which they loading to which they will be subjected. Valve chambers, pull
Valve chambers, pull chambers, and
will be subjected. chambers, and water meter chambers shall not be located in traffic
areas (including parking areas). Special approval shall be obtained water meter chambers shall not be
from the Distribution Company in case of any conflict to the above located in traffic areas (including parking
condition. areas). Special approval shall be obtained
from the Distribution Company in case of
any conflict to the above condition.
49. 59 Valve chambers and pits 2.73 The internal surfaces of concrete block walls shall be 2.73 The internal surfaces of concrete block walls shall be rendered with
The following text has been added as per
point no. 2.73 rendered with cement and sand 1:2 mortar 10mm thick, cement and sand 1:2 mortar 10mm thick, and the rendering shall be
and the rendering shall be finished with a smooth and finished with a smooth and even surface. The ends of all pipes shall ADDC comments:
even surface. The ends of all pipes shall be built neatly into be built neatly into the blockwork and finished flush with mortar. Valve chambers and pits shall be
the blockwork and finished flush with mortar. External External surfaces shall be waterproof to prevent external ground or provided with a soak away pit filled with
surfaces shall be waterproof to prevent external ground or surface water from entering the valve chamber. Valve chambers and gravel. The soak-away shall have a
surface water from entering the valve chamber. pits shall be provided with a soak away pit filled with gravel. The
minimum size of 100 x 100 mm plan
soak-away shall have a minimum size of 100 x 100 mm plan
dimension.
dimension.

50. 59 Valve chambers and pits 2.75 Where the depth of invert of manholes exceeds one metre 2.75 Where the depth of invert of manholes exceeds one metre below
BS 1247 part 3 is replaced by BS EN
point no. 2.75 below the finished ground level, aluminium steps as the finished ground level, aluminium steps as specified in BS EN
specified in BS 1247 part 3 shall be built in at vertical 13101 shall be built in at vertical intervals of 300mm, with alternate 13101.
intervals of 300mm, with alternate steps in line vertically steps in line vertically and at 225mm centre to centre horizontally.
and at 225mm centre to centre horizontally.

51. 59 Valve chambers and pits 2.77 Manhole covers and frames shall be of coated cast iron 2.77 Manhole covers and frames shall be of blue epoxy coated ductile
As per ADDC comments reference to Cast
point no. 2.77 complying with BS EN 124 or ductile iron of equivalent iron complying with BS EN 124 or an equivalent standard, and shall
standard, and shall be designed for the loading category to be designed for the loading category to which they will be subjected. Iron is removed as only ductile iron,
which they will be subjected. Normally, if not exposed to traffic loads, they shall be of minimum medium duty of class B125 is now used as
Class B125. Any manhole cover located in traffic areas, including minimum.
parking, are subject to Distribution Company approval.

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52. 59 Testing, disinfection and 2.79 For systems that do not include any plastic pipes (that is, 2.79 For systems that do not include any plastic pipes (that is, rigid pipe
BS 6700 is replaced by BS EN 806-1, BS EN
flushing, Testing rigid pipe materials such as copper, stainless steel etc.), materials such as copper, stainless steel etc. ), the requirement shall
the requirement shall be in accordance with BS 6700. be in accordance with BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN
point no. 2.79
806-4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558. 806-5 and BS 8558.

53. 63, 64 Transfer/booster pumps ground storage tanks; roof tank Ground Storage Tanks; Roof Tank
Letters capitalization.
point no. 3.7 and 3.10
3.10 The alternative method of supply is by a direct boosting 3.10 The alternative method of supply is by a direct boosting system from The intention is to limit the direct
system from the Ground Storage Tank directly to the the Ground Storage Tank directly to the Premises by the use of a boosting system to commercial and
Premises by the use of a transfer pump and pressure transfer pump and pressure vessel system. However, this system is
public buildings and not to use it in villas.
vessel system. However, this system must be approved by recommended only for commercial and public buildings and must
the Distribution Company and all calculations regarding be approved by the Distribution Company and all calculations
riser pipe and branches must ensure that demand is regarding riser pipe and branches must ensure that demand is
supplied based on the appropriate consumption rate. supplied based on the appropriate consumption rate.

54. 64 Pressure-maintaining pumps 3.11 For multi-storey buildings and high-rise buildings supplied 3.11 For multi-storey buildings and high-rise buildings supplied by roof
It has been made compulsory that For
point no. 3.11 by roof tanks, the top two to three storeys may be fed by tanks, the top two to three storeys shall be fed by one or more
one or more pressure-maintaining pumps, along with a pressure-maintaining pumps, along with a pressure vessel by multi-storey buildings and high-rise
pressure vessel by drawing water from the roof tanks. The drawing water from the roof tanks. The purpose of this is to maintain buildings supplied by roof tanks, the top
purpose of this is to maintain constant pressure and constant pressure and overcome the low pressure and loss of supply two to three storeys shall be fed by one
overcome the low pressure and loss of supply problems problems that may occur if the distance between the roof tank and or more pressure-maintaining pumps as
that may occur if the distance between the roof tank and top floor levels is approximately 10 metres or less. per ADDC comments.
top floor levels is approximately 10 metres or less.

55. 68 Water meter provision and 4.9 (b) the relevant section of BS 6700 2006; and 4.9 (b) the relevant section of BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN
BS 6700 is replaced by BS EN 806-1, BS EN
installation arrangements, 806-4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558; and
806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN
General arrangements,
806-5 and BS 8558.
point no. 4.9, bullet point no. (b)
56. 69 Externally-installed meters, 4.18 Externally-located meters larger than 32mm in diameter 4.18 Externally-located meters larger than 32mm in diameter:
Changes following Discos
point no. 4.18 shall be installed in the ground and housed in watertight
chambers and shall be sized so that ample space as (a) Threaded type water meters shall be housed in cabinets intended for recommendation which reflect the
specified by the Distribution Company is available for use on service connections. The cabinets shall be manufactured of current practice of installation of
maintenance activities. The chamber shall be fitted with a press-moulded fibreglass (GRP) or a material approved by the externally-located meters larger than
cover marked water meter, of a sufficient strength to Distribution Company. The water meter box shall be of robust 32mm in diameter:
carry anticipated loads, or as per the Distribution construction and shall be made of GRP with a UV stabilizer.
i) Threaded type water meters should be
Companys recommendation.
(b) Flanged type water meters shall be installed in the ground and housed in the cabinets intended for
housed in watertight chambers and shall be sized so that ample use on service connections.
space as specified by the Distribution Company is available for
ii) Flanged type water meters shall be
maintenance activities. The chamber shall be fitted with a cover
installed in the ground and housed in
marked water meter, of a sufficient strength to carry anticipated
watertight chambers
loads, or as per the Distribution Companys recommendation.

57. 70 Externally-installed meters, 4.19 Water meter cabinets shall have either louvered panels or 4.19 Water meter cabinets shall either have louvered panels or shall have
Provision of PVC sleeve with a pull rope
point no. 4.19 shall have visible reinforced glass doors opening sideways, visible reinforced glass doors opening sideways, depending on the
from meters cabinet to the nearest
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depending on the location and as per the Distribution location and as per the Distribution Companys recommendation. A electrical room has been added following
Companys recommendation. PVC sleeve shall be provided with a pull rope from a water meter Discos comment.
cabinet to the nearest electrical room to facilitate any future
remote reading and metering data management system.

58. 70 Externally-installed meters, 4.20 Wall-mounted lockable water-meter cabinets shall be 4.20 Water-meter cabinets shall either be installed on a support outside
Changes following Discos
point no. 4.20 installed on or inset into the building wall. GRP cabinets the boundary wall or mounted in a recess in the boundary wall and
shall have a provision for installation through a recess in made flush with the boundary wall external face. The cabinet shall recommendations have been included:
the wall, at such a height that the centre of the reading be placed at such a height that the centre of the reading window is i) Water-meter shall be installed in the
window is approximately 1400mm above the finished approximately 1500mm above the finished ground level or sidewalk lockable GRP cabinets either outside
ground level or sidewalk level. level or as approved by the Distribution Company according to site the boundary wall on proper support
conditions.
or completely recessed inside the
building boundary wall in order to be
made flushed with the outside surface
of the boundary wall.
ii) Height of the centre of the reading
window is recommended to increase
from 1400 mm to 1500mm above the
finished ground level
59. 71 Internally-installed meters, Items not available in the Guide to WSR 2009 (f) Lights, switches and sockets inside the water meter room shall have
New bullet points (f), (g) and (h) have
point no. 4.24 the degree of protection of IP65 or above.
been included in point 4.24
(g) A PVC sleeve shall be provided with a pull rope from a meter room or
cabinet to the nearest electrical room to facilitate any future remote
reading and metering data management system.

(h) The door of a water meter room or cabinet shall be provided with a
master key system approved by the Distribution Company.

60. 71 Water meter identification tags, 4.25 Tags shall be of rigid plastic material and be at least 50 x 4.25 Tags shall be of rigid plastic material and be at least 60 x 60mm in
Tag size increase from 50 x 25mm to 60 x
point no. 4.25 25mm in size. size.
60mm, as per ADDC comments.
61. 71 Water meter installation, 4.28 Each meter shall be provided on both sides with an 4.28 Each meter up to and including 40 mm diameter shall be provided
Changes following ADDC
point no. 4.28 isolating valve of the same size as the meter and suitable with a gate valve and lockable ball valve upstream of the meter and
connectors to facilitate future meter changes. Where a a gate valve downstream of the meter, all of the same size as the recommendations:
drain valve is required, it shall be installed immediately meter, and suitable connectors to facilitate future meter changes. i) Distinguishment between meters up
downstream of the meter. For meters larger than 40mm diameter, a gate valve on each side of to and including 40 mm and larger
the meter shall be provide and a non-return valve downstream of than 40 mm has been made.
the meter. Where multiple meters are installed inside a single
cabinet or a room, one main gate valve shall be provided inside the ii) For connections larger than 40 mm a
same room or cabinet in order to isolate that group of water meters. gate valve on either side of the meter
Where a drain valve is required, it shall be installed immediately shall be provided; no lockable valves
downstream of the meter. are available for these larger sizes.
iii) For connections larger than 40mm a
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non-return valve shall be provided


downstream of the meter, after the
gate valve.

iv) For internally installed meters where


multiple meters are installed inside a
single cabinet or a room, one main
gate valve shall be provided inside the
same room or cabinet in order to
isolate that group of water meters.

62. 72 Pressure-reducing valves, 4.35 Where required, one pressure-reducing valve shall be 4.35 Where required, one pressure-reducing valve shall be installed for
Changes following ADDC
point no. 4.35 installed for each group of meters located in each floor of each group of meters located in each floor of the building. This
the building. generally applies to the floors where pressure in the riser pipe recommendations:
feeding individual customers exceeds 20m water head (2 bar). If i) For the top seven floors of multi-
the pressure is between 20 to 30m water head (2-3 bar) then a by- storey buildings and high-rise
pass line fitted with a gate valve shall be provided for each PRV. If buildings, where pressure generally
the pressure is greater than 30m water head (3 bar) then a by-pass
remains less than 2.0 bar, provision of
line fitted with a PRV and gate valve on either side shall be
a gate valve is sufficient before the
provided. The gate valves on by-pass lines shall be normally closed.
meter
ii) For the top eight to tenth floors of
multi-storey buildings and high-rise
buildings, where pressure generally
remains less than 3 bar, provision of a
by-pass line shall be provided for each
PRV station with a normally closed
gate valve.
iii) Provision of a by-pass PRV station (PRV
and gate valves on both sides) is
preferable for the tenth floor onwards
to the ground floor of multi-storey
buildings and high-rise buildings,
where the pressure remains very high
due to the height of the building.
63. 76 Standard service connection, 5.7 MDPE service connections pipes and fittings are used for 5.7 MDPE service connections pipes and fittings are used for the
As per ADDC comments the following are
point no. 5.7 the available pressure found in the network; however, available pressure found in the network; however, HDPE may be
HDPE may be used in certain high- pressure systems (9 bar used in certain high-pressure systems (9 bar and above), and in included:
and above), and in connections larger than 65mm in connections larger than 65mm in diameter. Only DI fittings (puddle i) Only DI fittings shall be used inside the
diameter. flanges, spigot pieces, flange adapters and spool pieces) shall be chambers for connections larger than
used inside chambers for connections larger than 65mm and they 65mm in accordance with ADWEA
shall be in accordance with ADWEA standard technical

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specifications. standard specifications.

64. 76 Water service connection pipes, (iii) uPVC pipes and fittings to BS EN 1452; These materials are now taken out from the WSR, therefore items deleted
Bullet point nos. 5.10 (a), (iii) to (vi) are
point no. 5.10 (a)
(iv) copper pipes to BS EN 1057, with fittings to BS EN removed as per ADDC comments.
12165/BS 864; and

(v) steel pipes to BS 1387;

(vi) pipes of higher specification i.e. stainless steel, subject to


their being approved by the Distribution Company or the
Bureau; and

65. 77 Water service connection pipes, ISO 4427 ISO 4427 Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5.
Specific Parts of ISO 4427 quoted i.e.
point no. 5.10 (b), bullet point
Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5.
no. (i)
66. 77 Water service connection pipes, (iii) GRE/ GRP pipes and fittings to BS 5480; These materials are now taken out from the WSR, therefore items deleted
Bullet point no. 5.10 (b) (iii) to (v) are
point no. 5.10 (b), bullet point
(iv) uPVC pipes and fittings to BS EN 1425; and deleted as per ADDC comments.
no. (iii) & (iv)
(v) pipes of higher specification i.e. stainless steel, subject to
their being approved by the Distribution Company or the
Bureau

67. 78 Service connection fittings, 5.13 Stop Valves shall be provided for service connection to 5.13 Gate Valves shall be provided for all types of service connection to
As per ADDC comments the following
point no. 5.13 allow for the isolation of the customer connection. The allow for the isolation of the customer connection. The valve shall be
valve shall be installed at a point as near as possible to the installed at a point as near as possible to the tapping point. For 15, changes have been made:
tapping point. For 15, 20, 25 and 32mm service 20, 25 and 32mm service connections, the gate valve shall be i) The wording Stop Valve has been
connections, the Stop Valve or gate valve shall be installed installed in a concrete chamber or in a GRP cabinet. For connections replaced with Gate Valve.
in a concrete chamber or in a GRP cabinet. For connections equal to or greater than 40 mm (1), the Gate Valve shall be
greater than 40 mm (1), the gate valve shall be installed installed in the concrete meter chamber, or as specified by the ii) The wording all types has been
in the concrete meter chamber, or as specified by the Distribution Company. added
Distribution Company. iii) For clarity the wording greater than
40 mm (1) has been replaced with
equal to or greater than 40 mm
(1).
68. 78 Service connection fittings, 5.14 For 15, 20, 25 and 32mm service connections, GRP water 5.14 For 15, 20, 25 and 32mm service connections, GRP water meter
As per ADDC comments the following
point no. 5.14 meter boxes fixed to the boundary wall of the consumer cabinets fixed as described in Clause 4.20 shall be provided. The
plot/Premises shall be provided. The box shall contain a cabinet shall contain water meter, valves and fittings as described in changes have been made:
non-return valve, lockable valve, water meter and a Clause 4.28. The portion of the polyethylene service connection pipe Way of fixing water meter cabinets to the
remote read-out unit. The portion of the polyethylene between the finished surface level and the GRP water meter cabinet wall and position of the reading window. .
service connection pipe between the finished surface level shall be protected with 40mm polyethylene protection tube fixed to
and the GRP box shall be protected with 40mm the wall using 2 No. brass clamps or recessed in the boundary wall, if For connections up to 32 mm the non-
polyethylene protection tube fixed to the wall using 2 No. return valve is no longer required to be

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brass clamps. practical. inside the GRP water meter cabinet.


It has been recommended that the 40
mm polyethylene protection tube used
for the protection of service connection
pipe between the gate valve chamber to
the GRP water meter box should be
preferably recessed in the boundary wall
rather that fixed onto it with clamps.

69. 78 Service connection fittings, 5.15 For connections greater than 40mm (1), the water 5.15 For connection greater than 40mm (1), the following
As per ADDC comments connections
point no. 5.15 meter, stop (gate) valve and non-return valve shall be arrangement shall apply:
installed in the concrete water meter chamber. further split of the connection greater
(a) For 40 and 50mm service connections either GRP water than 40 mm has been provided i.e. 40
meter cabinet or concreate chamber shall be provided and 50 mm and greater than 50 mm, as
containing water meter, valves and fittings as described in the installation arrangements are
Clause 28. different.

(b) For service connections larger than 50mm concrete chamber


shall be provided containing water meter, valves and fittings
as described in Clause 28.

(c) Externally-installed meters shall be housed as described in


Clause 4.17 and 4.18. If the GRP water meter cabinet is used
it shall be provided with a remote read-out unit. If concrete
chamber is used a meter reading display unit shall be
provided which shall be fixed to /recessed in the boundary
wall of the consumer plot/Premises.

(d) The internal plan dimensions of chamber for different sizes


of service connections shall be as follows or as agreed by the
Distribution Company:

400 x 400 x 400 mm or 600 x 600 x 400 mm for 15, 20, 25


and 32mm service connections.

1200 x 800 x 400 mm for 40mm service connection

For service connections equal to or larger than 50mm the chamber


size shall be as per ADWEA standard specification and drawings.

70. 79 Service connection terminal meter box meter cabinet


The word box replaced with cabinet
points, point no. 5.19
for consistency with other parts

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71. 80 Piping arrangements 5.25 The piping arrangements for installation, shall be followed 5.25 The piping arrangements for installation, shall be followed as defined
Capitalization of letters, ductile iron has
point no. 5.25 as defined within the relevant sections of ADWEA Water within the relevant sections of ADWEA Water Works Standard
Works Standard Specification for the construction, testing Specification for the construction, testing and commissioning of been changed to Ductile Iron as in the
and commissioning of piping works and systems for ductile piping works and systems for Ductile Iron, MDPE and HDPE shall be Glossary.
iron, GRP, sSteel and uPVC, shall be followed. followed. Following ADDC comments GRP, Steel
and uPVC have been removed as no
longer applicable.
72. 81 Approvals, inspection, safety 6.1 For the purpose of ensuring that water fittings comply 6.1 For the purpose of ensuring that Water Fittings comply with this
Capitalization of letters, water fitting
and quality control, Approval of with this Guide, customers, Responsible Persons, fittings guide, Customers, Responsible Persons, fittings suppliers or
suppliers or manufacturers' agents shall apply in writing manufacturers' agents shall apply in writing and, if required to do so, has been changed to Water Fittings and
water fittings
and, if required to do so, shall submit standard samples of shall submit standard samples of pipes, fittings, and apparatus, etc. customer to Customer as in the
point no. 6.1
pipes, fittings, and apparatus, etc. to the Distribution to the Distribution Company for approval of their products. Glossary
Company for approval of their products. The word Guide is changed to guide
as it is not included in Glossary
73. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.1 Polyethylene service connection pipes shall be medium- B.1 B.1 Polyethylene service connection pipes and fittings shall be
Title changed to Polyethylene pipes and
specifications, Pipes, density polyethylene pipes (MDPE), and shall comply with black PE80 medium-density polyethylene pipes (MDPE) and shall
the requirements of ISO 4427 type PE 80 SDR 11 (standard comply with the requirements of ISO 4427 Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5 or EN fittings
Polyethylene pipes
dimension ratio) or BS 6730 12201 Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5. The pipes shall have a SDR (standard ISO 4427 is replaced by ISO 4427-1, ISO
point no. B.1
dimension ratio) of 11. 4427-2, ISO 4427-3 and ISO 4427-5
BS 6370 is replaced by BS EN 12201-1, BS
EN 12201-2 and BS EN 12201-5
74. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.2 The pipes shall be suitable for use above ground and B.2 The polyethylene pipes and fittings shall be suitable for use above
Reference to polyethylene and
specifications, Polyethylene underground for conveying potable water at a working ground and underground for conveying potable water at a working
pressure of up to 12 bar. pressure of up to 12 bar. Connection by fusion is the recommended fittings has been added. Connection by
pipes, point no. B.2
method of joining polyethylene pipes wherever possible. fusion has been recommended.

75. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.3 (a) minimum density measured according to ISO 1872 = 949 B.3 (a) minimum density measured according to ISO 1183-2 shall be
ISO 1872 is replaced by to ISO 1183-2 and
specifications, Polyethylene Kg/m3; between 945 and 955kg/m3.
requirements updated.
pipes, point no. B.3 (a)
76. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.3 (b) melt flow rate measured according to ISO 1133 at 2.16kg B.3 (b) melt flow rate measured according to ISO 1133-1 with a 5kg load
ISO 1133 is changed to ISO 1133-1 and
specifications, Pipes, load = 0.18g/10min. at 5kg load = 0.8g/10min; shall be between 0.75 and 0.95g/10min;
requirements updated.
Polyethylene pipes, point no.
B.3 (b)
77. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.3 (c) tensile strength at yield = 18MPa B.3 (c) tensile strength at yield, measured according to ISO 6259 shall be at
Reference to standard provided and
specifications, Polyethylene least 18MPa; and
description amended
pipes, point no. B.3 (c)
78 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.3 (d) elongation at break >600%; and B.3 (d) elongation at break, measured according to ISO 6259 Parts1 and 2
Reference to standard provided and
specifications, Polyethylene shall be at least 350%.
description amended
pipes, point no. B.3 (d)
79 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.3 (e) thermal conductivity = 0.32W/m2K Item deleted
specifications, Polyethylene

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pipes, point no. B.3 (e)

80. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings Item not available in the Guide to WSR 2009 B.3 (e) thermal stability, as measured by the oxidation induction time, in
New item added and reference to
specifications, Polyethylene accordance with ISO 11357-6 and at a temperature of 200C shall be
a minimum of 20 minutes standard provided.
pipes, point no. B.3 (e)

81. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.4 The pipes shall be manufactured from polyethylene B.4 The pipes shall be manufactured from polyethylene containing only
The words UV stabilisers replaced with
specifications, Polyethylene containing only those antioxidants, UV stabilisers and those antioxidants, carbon black and other additives necessary for
pigments necessary for the manufacturing of the pipes the manufacturing of the pipes and conforming to the requirements carbon black and pigments with
pipes, point no. B.4
and conforming to the requirements of ADWEA and of ADWEA and international specifications. other additives
international specifications.

82. 89 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.5 The thermal stability of polyethylene material shall meet B.5 If reworked material is added or used, it shall be clean, derived from
The requirements regarding thermal
specifications, Polyethylene the requirements of ISO 4427. If reworked material is the same resin, reground under the supervision of the same
added or used, it shall be clean, derived from the same manufacturer, and shall be compatible with the material to which it stability have now been included in item
pipes, point no. B.6
resin, reground under the supervision of the same is added. B3 (e) above, therefore the first sentence
manufacturer, and shall be compatible with the material to has been deleted.
which it is added.

83. 90 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.9 Every service pipe, pump delivery pipe and distributing Item deleted
Following ADDC comments Copper pipes
specifications, Pipes, Copper pipe of copper or copper alloy using screw joints or
capillary or compression fittings, shall comply where have been removed as no longer
pipes and fittings
relevant with BS 2871. applicable.
point no. B.9
84. 90 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.10 The joints and fittings for use with BS 2871 shall comply with: Item deleted
Ditto
specifications, Pipes, Copper
(a) BS 4505 Flanges and bolting for valves, pipes and fittings.
pipes and fittings
Part 2 copper alloy and composite flanges;
point no. B.10, bullet point no.
(a)
85. 90 Annex B: Pipes and fittings (b) BS 864 Capillary and compression tube fittings of copper Item deleted
Ditto
specifications, Pipes, Copper and copper alloy part 2 specification; and
pipes and fittings
point no. B.10, bullet point no.
(b)
86. 90 Annex B: Pipes and fittings (c) if laid underground, compression fitting shall be of type B Item deleted
Ditto
specifications, Pipes, Copper to BS 864: part 2.
pipes and fittings
point no. B.10, bullet point no.
(c)
87. 91 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.11 If pipes and fittings are laid underground, it is essential Item deleted
Ditto
specifications, Pipes, Copper that the method of jointing and the material used in the
pipes and fittings joint(s) is suitable for underground use. Copper alloy
fittings made from gunmetal or material to BS 2872 or BS
point no. B.11
2874 CZ 132 meet the requirement for dezincification
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resistance.

88. 91 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.12 Every service pipe or pump delivery pipe of steel and every Item deleted
Following ADDC comments Steel pipes
specifications, Steel pipes, point distributing pipe of steel shall comply with the
requirements of BS 1387: specification for screwed and have been removed as no longer
no. B.12 to B.15
socketed steel tubes or approved equivalent standard in applicable.
respect of the conditions in which the pipe is to be used or
as per ADWEA specification No.W-P-SS-013.

B.13 Every pipe fitting of wrought steel connected to any steel


pipe being a service pipe, a pump delivery pipe or a
distributing pipe shall comply with the relevant
requirements of BS 1740 or approved equivalent standard.

B.14 Jointing of steel pipes can be made only by screwed joints


with screwed sockets to BS 21. No welding shall be used
where a protective lining or coating can be damaged.

B.15 If laid in the ground, pipes and fittings are to be protected


in accordance with the relevant sections of BS 534.

89. 91 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.16 Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) pressure pipes for Item deleted
Following ADDC comments uPVC pipes,
specifications, Unplasticised PVC cold potable water to conform to BS 3505 /BS EN 1452.
as carrier pipes, have been removed as
pipes, point no. B.16 to B.18
B.17 uPVC pipes shall be of appropriate size and a pressure no longer applicable.
rating of not less than 12 bar.

B.18 Joints and fittings for use with uPVC pressure pipes must
conform to BS 4346/ BS EN 1452 part 1, 2 or 3.

(a) Part 1 injection-moulded uPVC fitting for solvent welding


(for use on pressure pipes);

(b) Part 2 mechanical joints and fittings, principally PVC; and

(c) Part 3 solvent cement.

90. 92 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.20 GRP pipes shall conform to ADWEA Standard Specification Item deleted
Following ADDC comments Glass-
specifications, Glass-reinforced for Water Works No. W-P-SS-004 or to BS 5480.
reinforced plastic (GRP) pipes have been
plastic (GRP) pipes, point no.
removed as no longer applicable.
B.20

91. NA Annex B: Pipes and fittings Material not covered in the Guide to WSR 2009 B.10 PP-R pipes, fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should conform Following ADDC comments PP-R pipes and
to BS EN 1852 (Specification of Polypropylene Pipes and Fittings), BS
specifications, Polypropylene fittings have now been included.
EN ISO 15874 (Specification for Polypropylene Pipes for Hot and Cold
random copolymer (PP-R) pipes

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Water) or an equivalent. international standard.

92. NA Annex B: Pipes and fittings Material not covered in the Guide to WSR 2009- B.11 PE-X pipes, fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should
Following ADDC comments PE-X pipes
specifications, Cross-linked conform to BS 7291-1, BS 7291-3, ISO 15875 and AWWA C904. Other
relevant standards for PEX and PEX Systems include: and fittings have now been included.
polyethylene (PE-X) pipes
(a) ASTM F876 -Materials, Dimensions and Performance for
Tube

(b) ASTM F877 -Performance Standard for Tube/Fitting Systems

(c) ASTM F2023 -Chlorine Resistance test method

(d) ASTM F2657 UV Resistance test method

(e) AWWA C 904 Standard for PEX service lines

93. 92 Annex B: Pipes and fittings Service connection fittings Service connection fittings (mechanical)
The word mechanical added for clarity
specifications
94. 92 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.22 Compression fittings shall meet the requirements of BS B.13 Compression fittings shall meet the requirements of BS EN 1254-1,
BS 5114 is changed to BS EN 1254-1, BS
specifications, Compression 5114. BS EN 1254-2.
EN 1254-2.
fittings,
point no. B.22
95. 92 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.24 The thread shall be BSP to BS 21. The inserts shall be of B.15 The thread shall be BSP to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21. The inserts shall be
BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
specifications, Compression copper and male/female fittings shall be chamfered to aid of copper and male/female fittings shall be chamfered to aid
assembly and to avoid the crossing of threads. assembly and to avoid the crossing of threads. hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
fittings,
included.
point no. B.24
96. 94 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.35 The saddle strap shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2, with B.26 The saddle strap shall be of gunmetal to BS EN 1982, with stainless
BS 1400-LG2 is replaced by BS EN 1982
specifications, Ferrules, stainless steel nuts, bolts and washer to ISO 3506, and steel nuts, bolts and washer to ISO 3506, and shall be suitable for a
point no. B.35 shall be suitable for a working pressure of up to 16 bar. working pressure of up to 16 bar. The name of manufacturer, patent
The name of manufacturer, patent number, pipe diameter number, pipe diameter for which the strap is suitable, and pipe
for which the strap is suitable, and pipe material shall be material shall be engraved on the saddle strap.
engraved on the saddle strap.

97. 94 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.38 The ferrule stem, banjo, spindle, inner plug and top cap B.29 The ferrule stem, banjo, spindle, inner plug and top cap shall be of
BS 1400-LG2 is replaced by BS EN 1982
specifications, Ferrules, shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. The washers shall be gunmetal to BS EN 1982. The washers shall be of EPDM and shall
point no. B.38 of EPDM and shall provide the sealing between the outer provide the sealing between the outer body and the ferrule stem.
body and the ferrule stem. The ingress of dirt shall be The ingress of dirt shall be prohibited by a polyethylene top plug.
prohibited by a polyethylene top plug.

98. 95 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.39 The ferrule shall be designed as a main stem with a 360 B.30 The ferrule shall be designed as a main stem with a 360 swivel
BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
specifications, Ferrules, swivel outlet at 90 with control of water flow via the outlet at 90 with control of water flow via the threaded inner plug.
threaded inner plug. The inlet shall be a male taper thread The inlet shall be a male taper thread to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21. hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
point no. B.39
to BS 21. included.

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99. 95 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.44 The body, valve head and spindle head shall be B.35 The body, valve head and spindle head shall be manufactured from
BS 1400-LG2 is replaced by BS EN 1982
specifications, Stop Valves, manufactured from gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. gunmetal to BS EN 1982.
point no. B.44
100 96 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.46 The gate valve shall be of the non-rising stem type with B.37 The gate valve shall be of the non-rising stem type with female ends,
The status of BS 5154:1991 is Confirmed,
specifications, Gate Valves, female ends, manufactured and tested in accordance with manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of /
the requirements of BS 5154. The spindle shall be fitted BS 5154 /BS EN 12288. The spindle shall be fitted with a handwheel. Current. It is replaced by BS EN
point no. B.46
with a handwheel. The valve shall be manufactured The valve shall be manufactured according to the following 12288:2003 which is Revised, Withdrawn
according to the following specifications: specifications: by BS EN 12288:2010 Industrial valves.
Copper alloy gate valves

101 96 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.46 (a) the body and valve gate/wedge shall be manufactured B.37 (a) the body and valve gate/wedge shall be manufactured from
BS 1400-LG2 is replaced by BS EN 1982
specifications, Gate Valves, from gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2; gunmetal to BS EN 1982;
point no. B.46, bullet point no.
(a)
102 96 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.48 (a) valve body brass to BS EN 12165 or BS 2874; B.39 (a) valve body brass to BS EN 12165 or BS EN 12163, BS EN 12164, BS
BS 2874 is replaced by BS EN 12163, BS
specifications, Lockable ball EN 12167;
EN 12164, BS EN 12167
Valves,
point no. B.48, bullet point no.
(a)
103 97 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.49 The valve shall be suitable for water temperatures up to B.40 The valve shall be suitable for water temperatures up to 45C. The
BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
specifications, Lockable ball 45C. The valve ends shall be female threaded ends BSP to valve ends shall be female threaded ends BSP to BS EN 10226-1/BS
BS 21. All valves shall be supplied with a lock and a master 21. All valves shall be supplied with a lock and a master key. One key hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
Valves,
key. One key shall be provided for every 20 valves shall be provided for every 20 valves supplied. included.
point no. B.49
supplied.

104 97 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.51 Non-return valves shall be of gunmetal to BS 1400-LG2. B.42 Non-return valves shall be of gunmetal to BS EN 1982. The valves
BS 1400-LG2 is replaced by BS EN 1982
specifications, Non-return The valves shall be suitable for a working pressure of up to shall be suitable for a working pressure of up to 16 bar without
Valves, 16 bar without leakage. leakage.
point no. B.51
105 97 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.54 Drill taps should be suitable for use with ductile iron water B.45 Drill taps should be suitable for use with ductile iron water pipes,
BS 21 is partially replaced by BS 10226-1
specifications, Drill tap, pipes, combined drill and tap with BSP thread to BS 21, combined drill and tap with BSP thread to BS 21/BS EN 10226-1,
specially hardened, given a hardness range of 63 degree specially hardened, given a hardness range of 63 degree Rockwell for hence reference to BS 10226-1 is also
point no. B.52
Rockwell for Talbot pressure tapping machine and for Talbot pressure tapping machine and for insertion of swivel included.
insertion of swivel balancing ferrule. balancing ferrule.

106 98 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.56 Every metal-bodied or plastic-bodied tap or draining tap B.47 Every metal-bodied or plastic-bodied tap or draining tap shall comply
BS 5214 is replace by BS EN 200
specifications, Pipes, Draw-off shall comply with the relevant requirements of BS 5412, with the relevant requirements of BS EN 200 or 2879 or approved
taps, 5413, 1010 or 2879 or approved equivalent standard. equivalent standard. BS 5412, BS 5413 and BS 1010 are
point no. B.56 withdrawn hence removed
107 99 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.59 Soft solder for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy B.50 Soft solder for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy water
BS EN 29453 is replaced by BS EN ISO
specifications, Jointing materials water fittings should consist of Tin/Copper, Alloy No. 23 or fittings should consist of Tin/Copper, Alloy No. 23 or 24, or Tin/Silver,
24, or Tin/Silver, Alloy No.28 or 29, complying with BS EN Alloy No.28 or 29, complying with BS EN ISO 9453. 9453
and compounds,

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point no. B.59 29453.

108 99 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.60 Silver solder or silver brazing filler metals and copper- B.51 Silver solder or silver brazing filler metals and copper-phosphors
BS 1845 is replaced by BS EN ISO 17672
specifications, Jointing materials phosphors brazing filler metals for capillary jointing of brazing filler metals for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy
and compounds, copper or copper alloy pipes should conform to BS 1845, pipes should conform to BS EN ISO 17672, Table 2; Group AG
Table 2; Group AG (AG14or AG20) or Table 3: Group CP (AG14or AG20) or Table 3: Group CP (CP1 to CP6), respectively.
point no. B.60
(CP1 to CP6), respectively.

109 99 Annex B: Pipes and fittings B.63 Unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) tape (PTFE) B.54 Unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) tape (PTFE) tape for
BS 6974 is replaced by BS EN 751-3
specifications, Jointing materials tape for thread- sealing applications should comply with BS thread- sealing applications should comply with BS EN 751-3, and the
and compounds, 6974, and the material should also satisfy the material should also satisfy the requirements of BS 6920: Part 1.
requirements of BS 6920: Part 1.
point no. B.63
110 100-104 Annex C : List of standards and As attached. As attached.
The entire list has been updated. The
specifications relevant to this
standards which are withdrawn are
guide
replaced with the current standards.

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Appendix B Amended text of the Guide
to WSR (2015).

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
Author Document Version Publication date Approved by
KR EC/R03/100 Issue 1 July 2015 JS
Page 7 of 8
Document Approved by Recipients of controlled copies
EC/R03/100 JS AADC, ADDC, ADWEA, ADCD, QCC, UPC,
DMA, Musanada, ADFCA, HAAD.

Guide to Water Supply Regulations


(Issue 3) For Consultation

EC/R03/100

Guide to Water Supply Regulations 2015


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Page 1 of 96
Table of contents

List of Revisions....................................................................................................... 4

Guide Overview ........................................................................................................ 5


Glossary ............................................................................................................................ 9

1. Water storage tanks .................................................................................... 16


Water demand and sizing criteria ....................................................................................16
Firefighting reserve ..........................................................................................................18
Tank storage capacity .....................................................................................................18
Ground storage tank and roof cistern general requirements ..........................................19
Operation of and maintenance procedure for Storage Tanks .........................................28
Reinforced concrete water storage tanks and reservoirs ................................................29
Reinforced plastic water storage tanks ...........................................................................30
Glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) water storage tanks .......................................................33
Galvanized steel tanks ....................................................................................................35

2. Water Fittings ............................................................................................... 36


Materials and substances used in water fittings..............................................................36
Testing, disinfection and flushing ....................................................................................48

3. Water pumps and treatment apparatus ..................................................... 51

4. Water meter provision and installation arrangements ............................. 54


General arrangements ....................................................................................................54
Meter standards and regulations .....................................................................................55
Illegal tampering ..............................................................................................................55
Water meter housing .......................................................................................................55
Test meters......................................................................................................................55
Externally-installed meters ..............................................................................................56
Internally-installed meters ...............................................................................................57
Water meter identification tags ........................................................................................58
Water meter installation ...................................................................................................58
Grouping of water meters ................................................................................................58
Pressure-reducing valves ................................................................................................59
Location of water meters .................................................................................................59

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Meter installation .............................................................................................................60
Setting out .......................................................................................................................60

5. Service connection ...................................................................................... 61


Standard service connection ...........................................................................................61
Type of service connections ............................................................................................65

6. Approvals, inspection, safety and quality control .................................... 67


Approval of water fittings .................................................................................................67
Inspection and testing .....................................................................................................67
Quality control .................................................................................................................67
Safety requirements ........................................................................................................67

Annexes

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List of Revisions

Revision Date Prepared By Checked By Issued To


Number

ER/P04/003 December 2003 JS LH Publication


Issue 1

ER/P04/003 January 2009 JS CH Publication


Issue 2

EC/R03/100 July 2015 KR JS Consultation


Issue 3

Guide to Water Supply Regulations 2015


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Guide Overview

Background

1. The objective of this Guide is to explain:

(a) the water connection arrangement; and

(b) the water fittings requirements

a Distribution Company and its customers must follow in order to prevent


wastage, contamination and overconsumption.

2. This Guide has been developed in consultation with the Distribution


Companies along with private and government organisations.

In developing this Guide, the Bureau has referred to the following


standards, regulations and guidelines:

(a) Standard Specification for Water Works (Abu Dhabi Water and
Electricity Authority);

(b) Unification of Water Supply and Plumbing Regulations Gulf


Co-operation Council;

(c) General Guidelines Water Distribution Abu Dhabi Distribution


Company;

(d) Water Supply (Water Fitting) Regulations UK;

(e) British Standard BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN


806-4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558;

(f) The Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer
Water Storage Tanks - The Regulation and Supervision Bureau, Abu
Dhabi;

(g) Any relevant tankering regulations that may be in force;

(h) The Guide for Chemicals and Products that come in contact with
drinking water - The Regulation and Supervision Bureau, Abu Dhabi;

(i) Uniform Plumbing Code of Abu Dhabi Emirate Environment Agency,


Abu Dhabi; and

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(j) User Guide for the International Building Codes in the Emirates of
Abu Dhabi Department of Municipal Affairs, Abu Dhabi.

3. Other documents and regulations which define the requirements for the
general arrangements of a distribution system, metering, electrical wiring
and water quality are:

(a) Water Distribution Code (WDC) The WDC is designed to govern the
operation of the water distribution system and define connection
arrangements at the entry and exit points. These arrangements are
concerned with the planning, connection and operation of the
distribution system;

(c) The Water Quality Regulations (WQR) These Regulations aim to


ensure a high and consistent quality of product is delivered to
customers. The WQR define the permissible concentrations for a
range of water quality parameters and the monitoring requirements
for assessing compliance. They follow the World Health Organisation
(WHO) Water Quality Guidelines and ensure water is fit for human
consumption;

(d) The Customer Metering Regulations These regulations define


specifications for customers water and electricity meters; and

(e) The Electricity Wiring Regulations These regulations establish


standards and principles that promote the design, construction and
operation of safe and efficient wiring systems.

Purpose

4. This Document (Guide to Water Supply Regulations) provides guidance in


support of the Water Supply Regulations (Issue 3).

5. The purpose of this Guide is to provide details of the general principles and
basic design considerations which will ensure the safe, reliable and secure
construction and operation of customer service connections.

6. This Guide is intended to assist the designers, installers, customer and the
Responsible Person(s) in understanding the requirements for a sound and
reliable water supply connection.

7. The Guide ensures compliance with applicable international and national


standards and industry best practice.

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Scope and application

8. This Guide shall apply to:

(a) any person applying for a new water connection, whether permanent
or temporary;

(b) the person responsible for rearranging an existing connection,


including a meter installation, or for disconnection from a
Distribution Companys system; and

(c) the person, company or organisation, including water fittings


manufacturers or suppliers/agents, engaged in any activities relating
to the production, supply, erection, maintenance and operation of a
plumbing system in a customers Premises.

9. This Guide covers that part of the water supply installation between a
Distribution Companys system and a customers installation, which
generally consists of a service connection water fittings, meter, storage
tanks and any direct connection to the kitchen in a low-rise, single
metered Premises like villas and shabiat, if applicable.

10. The scope of this Guide does not include the water distribution system
belonging to Distribution Companies, except for the fittings that are
required at the interface with customers.

11. The Bureau will ensure that regular reviews and updates are carried out
after consultation with Distribution Companies and persons affected, and
will publish reprints accordingly.

Existing arrangements

12. Any connection arrangement installed prior to 1 January 2016 shall not be
subject to this Guide unless that arrangement contravenes material of
construction, wastage or contamination requirements as given in the
Regulations. A prior consent shall be granted by a Distribution Company
before any additions or modifications to an existing connection
arrangement are carried out.

Quality of installations

13. Distribution Companies have an obligation to ensure that hygiene


procedures related to the installation of water fittings are followed during
installation work. A Distribution Company may therefore request that

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individuals involved in such installation work undergo a competency test
prepared in accordance with its practices and standards in order to ensure
the quality of this work.

Quality of supply

14. As prescribed in the Water Supply Regulations, a Distribution Company


shall:

(a) maintain a minimum pressure of 1.25 bar (12.5 metres) at the main
supply pipe to a customer during normal supply conditions;

(f) ensure that under normal operating conditions sufficient water is


supplied to meet reasonable demand; and

(g) evaluate the size of any connection with consideration to friction


losses for all types of service connections.

15. A Distribution Company shall also ensure the water it supplies meets the
Water Quality Regulations.

Application for a connection

16. An application shall be accompanied by:

(a) a location site plan;

(h) an application form prepared by the appropriate Distribution


Company;

(i) a scale drawing of the customer internal water system plan; and

(j) any other relevant documents a Distribution Company may request,


as specified in Annex A.

17. A cost estimate, material inventory and connection arrangements shall be


prepared by a Distribution Company to facilitate the connection to
customers.

Operation and maintenance

18. The Responsible Person must ensure water fittings and storage tanks are
inspected and maintained according to the procedures set out in this
Guide and the Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of
Customer Water Storage Tanks.

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19. If, during inspection by a Distribution Company, it is found that a storage
tank, including its water fittings, does not comply with the Regulations, it
shall be considered non-compliant, and an Improvement Notice shall be
issued by the Distribution Company on the Responsible Person.

20. Failure to comply with such an Improvement Notice, or with any follow-up
inspection report or instructions from a Distribution Company, shall result
in the Responsible Person being issued with a final notice, upon which the
water supplied to the Premises shall be disconnected.

21. Upon compliance by the Responsible Person, and following further


inspection and approval by the Distribution Company, the drinking-water
supply shall be reconnected to the Premises.

Glossary

ADWEA Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority


established under the Law.

Adequate Network Pressure that the water pressure is not less than 1.25 bar
(12.5 metres head) at the Distribution Company
supply pipe to the Premises and that there is
sufficient pressure to deliver water directly to the
Roof Tanks of buildings not higher than 10 metres
from the service connection pipe invert level.

Backflow means flow upstream that is in a direction contrary


to the intended normal direction of flow, within or
from a water fitting.

Ball Float Valve means any float-operated valve for controlling the
inflow of water to a cistern or a tank

British Standard means a standard or specification published under


the authority of the General Council of the British
Standards Institution, and shall be the current
revision of the standard.

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Bureau the Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the
water, wastewater and electricity sector in the
Emirate of Abu Dhabi, established under Law.

Contamination includes any alteration in chemical or biological


quality of water due to a change in temperature or
the introduction of polluting substances.

Customer the person to whom the Distribution Company


supplies water for domestic, industrial, agricultural
and commercial purposes.

Distribution Company a company or body holding a License from the


Bureau, pursuant to the Law.

Distributing Pipe means any pipe not owned by the Water


Distribution Company (other than a warning,
overflow or flushing pipe) conveying water from a
Ground Storage Tank, storage cistern, or from hot
water apparatus supplied from a cistern and under
pressure from that cistern.

Distribution System means the system consisting (wholly or mainly) of


water pipes owned or operated by a licensee and
used for the distribution of Wholesome Water to the
point of delivery to Premises or Customers and
includes any plant and equipment, including
metering equipment, owned or operated by the
licensee in connection with the distribution of
water.

Fire Service means the pipes, tanks, pumps and fittings


installed for the purpose of firefighting.

Ground Storage Tank means the receiving tank after the point of delivery
to the Customer from the Distribution System for
storing water for subsequent use, and which does
not include a cistern.

Improvement Notice means a notice prepared by the Distribution


Company and approved by the Bureau for the
purpose of instructing the Responsible Person to
comply with the Regulations

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Law means Law No (2) of 1998 (as amended by Law No
(19) of 2007) Concerning the Regulation of the
Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu
Dhabi and Law No (17) of 2005 (as amended by Law
No (18) of 2007) and Law No (12) of 2008
concerning the Regulation of the Wastewater Sector
(and as otherwise amended from time to time)

Licence means a licence issued by the Regulation and


Supervision Bureau pursuant to the Law.

Overflow Pipe means a pipe from a cistern in which water flows


only when the water level in the cistern exceeds a
predetermined level

Point of Delivery means the physical connection point at which the


water leaves the Distribution System and enters the
Customer Water Fittings.

Premises means a tract or plot of land and includes the


buildings and any appurtenances on the land. A
Premises may contain more than one property or
dwelling and more than one Customer.

Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) means a pressure-activated valve which opens


automatically at a specified pressure to discharge
fluid

Responsible Person means the person who assumes actual


responsibility for the installation or the ownership
of the Water Fittings. (That person can be a
contractor, a consultant or others as appointed or
authorized by the owner to liaise with the
Distribution Company to fulfil the requirements of
the water supply connection).

Roof Tank means a fixed container, cistern, or break tank


located on the roof of a building for the purpose of
holding or storing water at atmospheric pressure
and which does include a Ground Storage Tank.

Servicing Valve means a valve for shutting off, for the purpose of
maintenance or service, the flow of water in a pipe

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connected to a water fitting

Stop Valve/Gate Valve means a valve, other than a Servicing Valve, used
for shutting off the flow of water in a pipe

Tank Capacity in relation to a cistern or tank, the volume of


storage, excluding the unusable top level, measured
up to the level of water that can be reached
according to the inflow control device setting.

Terminal Fitting means a water outlet device

Vent Pipe means a pipe open to the atmosphere which


exposes the system to atmospheric pressure at its
boundary

Warning Device means a device that is installed in water storage


tanks (capacity >100,000 litres, or about 22,000
imperial gallons) to indicate water is overflowing

Water Fitting means pipes, pipe fittings, joints, and valves,


backflow prevention devices including the
Customers Ground Storage Tank or Roof Tank.
Without limiting the foregoing, Water Fitting shall
include a pump, meter or any other relevant fittings
required to facilitate the connection arrangement to
the Customer.

Water Hammer Arrester means a device designed to provide protection


against excessive surge pressure (hydraulic shock)
in the building water supply system where water is
abruptly stopped.

Water Meter means a device used for measurement of water flow


which is either read manually or recorded remotely

Water Quality Regulations the Water Quality Regulations issued by the


Bureau under Article (62) of the Law.

Water Supply Regulations the Water Supply Regulations issued by the Bureau
under Article (62) of the Law.

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Wholesome Water means water that is in compliance with the Water
Quality Regulations

Abbreviations

AC asbestos cement

ADFCA Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority

BS British Standard

BSP British Standard Pipe

CPVC chlorinated polyvinyl chloride

DI ductile iron

EU European Union

EPDM ethylene propylene diene monomer

GI galvanised steel

GRE glass-reinforced epoxy

GRP glass-reinforced plastic

HDPE high-density polyethylene

ISO International Standards Organisation

MAOP maximum allowable operating pressure

MDPE medium-density polyethylene

NSF National Science Foundation (US)

PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon)

PVC polyvinyl chloride

QA/QC quality assurance/quality control

SDR standard dimension ratio

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uPVC unplasticised polyvinyl chloride

UV ultraviolet

WDC Water Distribution Code

WQR Water Quality Regulations

WRAS Water Regulations Advisory Scheme (UK)

WRc Water Research Council (UK)

WSR Water Supply Regulations

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Units

0C degrees Celsius

bar metric unit of atmospheric pressure (10m head)

g grammes

gallon imperial gallon (1 gallon = 4.55 litres)

hr hour

kg kilogramme

kgf kilogramme force

kg/m3 kilogramme per cubic metre (density)

km kilometre

l/s litre per second (velocity)

m metre

mg/l milligram per litre (concentration)

ml millilitre

mm millimetre

MPa megapascal (tensile strength) or pressure

m/s metre per second (velocity)

N/mm2 newton per square millimetre (tensile strength) or pressure

W/m2 K watt per square metre per unit temperature difference (thermal
conductivity)

inch

foot

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1. Water storage tanks

Water demand and sizing criteria

1.1 The demand criteria in Table 1.1 should only be used as a guide when
calculating the size of storage tanks. They may also be used by the
Distribution Company for sizing new water service connections and fittings.
However, in line with Distribution Company demand management practices,
which ensure that reasonable demand is constantly monitored,
consumption rates may be modified. Please refer to the relevant Distribution
Company for updated rates.

1.2 The figures in Table 1.1 are estimates of daily demand rate in both litres and
imperial gallons for various types of residential and commercial Premises.
Sizing of water connections to agricultural, industrial and other high-
consumption customers shall be determined by the Distribution Companys
supply and demand management policies.

1.3 The provision of Ground Storage Tanks at customer Premises (particularly in


buildings not higher than 10 metres) shall be considered following
consultation with the relevant Distribution Company to verify the availability
of Adequate Network Pressure as prescribed in the Water Supply
Regulations.

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Table 1.1
Type of Premises & Description Estimates of daily Rounded stimates of
consumption categories rate of daily rate of consumption
consumption (litres)
(imperial gallons)
1
Hotel per one bed 66-150 300-675
Car wash station (CWS) per manual channel 1000 4500
Car wash station (CWS) per automatic channel 6000 27000
Hospital per one bed 150 675
Day clinic per medical practitioner 22 100
Day clinic (with dental) per medical practitioner 220 1000
Common market per square metre 1.1 5
2
Mosques <300m per square metre 5.5 25
2
Mosques >300m per square metre 3.5 16
Female praying rooms per square metre 2 9
Workers Housing per capita 44 200
Public toilets per sanitary piece 35-50 160-225
Schools / universities per student 5/10 25/45
Hostel per student 44 200
Villa and shabiat per capita 77 350
Villa / shabiat per small service block 250 1100
Villa / shabiat per large service block 450 2000
Villa / shabiat per external majlis 150 675
Villa / shabiat per maids room 50 225
Villa / shabiat per guard room 100 450
2
Villa and shabiat per bedroom 110 500
2
Villa and shabiat swimming pool/m 4-5 18-22
3
General services per square metre 1-1.5 4.5-7
Services in a building up to 5 floors 165 750
Services in a building from 6 to 10 floors 330 1500
4
Services in a building above 10 floors 660 3000
i
Offices & shops per sanitary piece 35-50 160-225
Offices & shops per square metre 1 4.5
Restaurants per square metre 2 9
Offices & shops (per person) 10 45
Residential flat Studio 100 450
Residential flat 1 bedroom 120 550
Residential flat 2 bedroom 180 820
Residential flat 3 bedrooms 220 1000
Residential flat 4 bedrooms 280 1250
Residential flat 5 bedrooms 350 1600
Residential flat per capita 50 225
Temporary water connection up to 5 floors 1000 4500
Temporary water connection from 6 to 10 floors 2000 9000
Temporary water connection from10 to 20 floors 2600 12000
Table 1.1 Notes
1. Hotel category up to 5 stars. Hotels/resorts above 5 stars will be subject to assessment.
2. For the shabiat and villa category, a reduction factor may be applied for every additional bedroom according to the Distribution
Companys own criteria.
3. General services means water used for internal gardening and general cleaning purposes for a standard-size shabiat and villa.
4. Rates of consumption for buildings higher than 20 floors shall be adjusted proportionally.
5. All consumption rates for sanitary pieces shall be calculated based on water-efficient plumbing fittings.
Note (a): Water consumption rates for other uses, e.g. swimming pools, cooling services, shall be determined following consultation
with the Distribution Company.
Note (b): For some of the categories, the Responsible Person has a choice of consumption rate which is subject to the Distribution
Company approval

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Firefighting reserve

1.4 The Department of Civil Defence is the only reference for determining the
quantity and the application of water allocated for firefighting purposes. The
tank capacity shall be sufficient to cater for the duration of fire flow as
determined by the Department of Civil Defence and shall not be less than 30
minutes, subject to Civil Defence approval in all cases.

1.5 Where Ground Storage Tanks are considered (and in order to avoid
contamination in tanks) the allocation of separate tanks for firefighting
purposes is prohibited if the total required capacity is less than four times
the average daily water demand, unless prior approval has been obtained
from the Distribution Company. The lower part of that tank shall be reserved
for Fire Service by maintaining a constant water level either by means of a
suction pipe invert level or another approved device. The allocated fire
reserve shall be held completely within the ground tanks actual capacity.

1.6 If the total required capacity exceeds four times the average daily water
demand, then a dedicated firefighting water reserve tank shall be provided. It
shall be totally separated from the domestic water supply system to avoid
contamination and water stagnation. Separate firefighting reserve tanks
should have a circulation pump that automatically circulates 20% of the
water volume in 8 hours/day to prevent stagnation.

1.7 The Department of Civil Defence should be consulted to determine the


firefighting systems and actual quantity of firefighting water reserve
required. The construction of fire services shall comply with the
reuiqurements of UAE Fire and Life Safety Code of Practice, Fire Service
regulations and instructions issued by the Department of Civil Defence in
the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Final approval from Department of Civil Defence
shall be obtained for fire fighting system after incorporating all the
requirements of Distribution Company.

Tank storage capacity

1.8 Total storage capacity of ground storage tank and roof tanks or cistern shall
be as per the following limits:

(i) Minimum Capacity = 1.5 x daily consumption + firefighting


reserve; and

(ii) Maximum Capacity = 2 x daily consumption + firefighting


reserve

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1.9 The roof tank should always be sized to hold sufficient water to supply
between 12 and 24 hours of the Premises total daily consumption,
irrespective of the provision of Ground Storage Tanks. In situations where no
ground tanks are allowed for, the actual roof storage capacity shall be sized
for 24 hours.

1.10 The Distribution Company shall decide the specific storage capacity
requirement (between maximum and minimum) that the Responsible Person
can install in the Premises. The Distribution Company should evaluate the
capacity with consideration to the type of supply (intermittent or continuous)
and the security of supply in terms of pressure and flow conditions in the
area where the Premises are located.

1.11 Although the storage requirement shown above is vital for the security of
supply, it should be noted that water stagnation is not recommended. This is
to ensure water quality in the tanks does not deteriorate due to possible
depletion of residual chlorine which may result in microbiological
contamination. If water stays inside the tank for more than four days
without being used the tank shall be inspected and the water tested before
the use. This should be done in line with The Code of Practice for the
Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water Storage Tanks.

1.12 For high-consumption customers, water storage tank capacity is determined


by daily demand, site-specific conditions and Distribution Company policy
regarding demand side management.

1.13 For high-consumption customers (such as hotels and hospitals) provided


with Ground Storage Tanks only, the complete water capacity may be held in
the Ground Storage Tank if the Premises are metered prior to the tanks
installation, and the Distribution Company has approved the boosting
arrangements.

Ground storage tank and roof cistern general requirements

1.14 The general requirements are concerned with location, installation,


construction material, protection, testing and disinfection of ground and roof
tanks.

1.15 Diagrams illustrating common connection arrangements for storage tanks


are included in Annex D from D1 to D4, D9 and D10. These are for
illustration only. Detailed drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A.

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Tank placement and location

1.16 The tank shall be located away from any source of pollution, particularly if it
is buried in the ground. The distance between the tank wall and any part of
the wastewater drainage system shall not be less than 1500mm.

1.17 Ground or below-ground tanks shall be located as per the Distribution


Companys instructions and in a location that will preserve the quality of the
water. The tanks shall be placed where there is no industrial, hydro-carbon
activity which may result in water contamination.

1.18 Tanks in basements or contained in other below-ground infrastructure must


be located in such a way that they are accessible for inspection,
maintenance or replacement without the need to disturb the associated
infrastructure.

1.19 No storage cistern or tank shall be buried below the finished ground level
except by permission of the Distribution Company. All storage tanks must
be placed to avoid potential flooding. However, where an underground or
buried water storage tank has been selected and approved by the
Distribution Company, a suitable backflow prevention device and water
overflow arrangements shall be considered. This is to ensure water
overflowing from the tanks is directed to the drain and that no water returns
to the tank following an overflow.

1.20 All tank access and inspection openings shall be at least 300mm above
ground level or the highest known flood level. A suitably-sized sump-pump
shall also be installed when and where applicable.

1.21 Storage tanks used for industrial, livestock, agricultural and other purposes
that may come into contact with any other fluid or foreign material should
be dedicated for that use only, and provided with suitable backflow
prevention devices, overflow arrangements and an air gap of not less than
50mm.

Fittings and accessories of tank and cistern

1.22 The maximum height of the entry point to the Premises Ground Storage
Tanks shall not exceed 3000mm from water main service connection invert
level.

1.23 Float-controlled valves or equivalent flow control inlet devices should be


securely and rigidly attached to the cistern or the tank and installed so that
the valve closes when the level of the water is not less than 25mm and

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preferably not more than 50mm below the overflow level of the tank or roof
cistern.

1.24 All inlets to storage tanks and roof cisterns should be provided with a
Servicing Valve to facilitate maintenance and a float-operated valve, or some
other no less effective device, which is capable of controlling the flow of water
into the cistern. The Servicing Valve should be fitted as close as is
reasonably practicable to the float-controlled valve or other device.

1.25 All outlets other than vent pipes, overflow pipes and warning pipes relating
to storage tanks or cisterns supplying water shall be fitted with a Servicing
Valve as close to the cistern or tank as is reasonably practicable. Where
practicable, all outlets from a cistern should be taken from the bottom of the
cistern; a sump pit (600 x 600 x 200mm) shall be provided for tanks and
cisterns larger than 10,000 litres. The tank floor should be sloping down
towards the sump pit at a gradient of 2.5%

1.26 Tanks 2000mm and more in depth shall be equipped with a water level
indicator arrangement. One common level indictor for a group of connected
tanks is acceptable, subject to the Distribution Companys approval.

1.27 All tanks should have a rigid, close-fitting and securely-fixed cover which is
not airtight but which excludes light and insects from the cistern. It shall be
made of a material or materials which does/do not shatter or fragment when
broken and which will not contaminate the water quality. Cisterns storing
more than 1,000 litres of water shall be constructed and placed so that the
cistern may be inspected and cleaned without it having to be wholly
uncovered.

1.28 The storage tank shall be designed to ensure that any maintenance activities
for all water fittings, particularly to foot valves and float-controlled valves,
can be made without the need for draining or causing any damage to the
tank structure.

1.29 At least one capped or down-facing air vent shall be installed per water tank.
One additional vent shall be provided per 40 square metres of tank area or
at a spacing of 7 metres, evenly distributed over the tank area. The vent
shall be at least 65mm in diameter, equipped with a stainless steel mosquito
screen, and shall be cleaned by the end user at regular intervals.

1.30 Where the water level in the tank is more than 1500mm, an internal ladder
(external ladder for non-buried tanks) shall be installed. The internal ladder
shall be made of a non-metallic material (approved plastic or GRP) or of

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stainless steel grade 316. An external ladder shall be made of a material
capable of withstanding the prevailing weather conditions. It shall be
properly fixed under or near to the tank access. It shall have a width of not
less than 400mm, with the distance between steps not more than 250mm,
and the height between the last step and ground not more than 300mm.

1.31 A name-plate not less than 300 x 200mm shall be securely attached to the
tank exterior, by stainless steel grade 316 bolts and nuts or a similar
approved arrangement, in a clearly visible and accessible location, preferably
on the tank inlet side. The name-plate shall be made of a material not
affected by weather conditions. The following data shall be engraved on the
plate:

(a) material;

(b) design/operating parameters (pressure/temperature);

(c) capacity;

(d) corrosion allowance;

(e) name of manufacturer or brand (trade) name;

(f) serial number/tank size or capacity/volume (in cubic metres) or


imperial gallons;

(g) year of manufacture;

(h) test pressure;

(i) date of test; and

(j) design code.

Water storage tanks: material and construction

1.32 Tanks constructed for the storage of potable water shall be made of a
material that does not cause contamination or change the aesthetic quality
of water supplied by the Distribution Company. Tanks may be made of
fibreglass (glass-reinforced plastic), reinforced concrete (cement), reinforced
plastic (polyethylene, polypropylene, CPVC) coated steel and stainless steel
or any other material approved by the Distribution Company.

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1.33 Tanks and cisterns holding potable water shall be of a suitable grade and
material to meet the provisions of BS 6920-1 or equivalent standards
approved by the Bureau. The tank construction material, lining, gaskets,
adhesives, coating or any other part in contact with the stored water shall
not impart taste, colour, odour or toxicity, nor promote microbiological
growth. A certificate from the relevant authorities in Abu Dhabi, such as Abu
Dhabi Food Control Authority and/or recognised international institutions
such as NSF or WRc may be requested to ensure the tanks fitness for
storing potable water in the prevailing climatic conditions in compliance with
the Guide of Chemicals and Products that come in contact with drinking
water.

1.34 The tank shall be constructed of a watertight material of adequate strength,


and shall be suitable for the storage of potable water at 52C, at atmospheric
pressure. The temperature of the stored water needs ideally to be kept at
less than 30C in order to restrict microbiological growth.

1.35 Where the tank is not made from a corrosion-resistant material, for example,
steel, it shall be protected with a non-toxic coating or lining which conforms
to ADWEA water standard specification No. W-C-SS-015, or as approved by
the Distribution Company for internal protection purposes. In case tanks are
used for storing water for firefighting purposes and domestic consumption
together, no hazardous material or materials likely to contaminate the water
inside, e.g. GI, should be used anywhere in the firefighting system connected
to such tanks e.g. suction pipes and fittings, breaching inlets and testing
lines. Use of vertical submersible turbine pumps shall be avoided, even if
coated with an approved coating.

1.36 Externally-bolted panelled base tanks shall have 500mm minimum clear
access between the bottom base panels and finished ground level. Other
tanks shall be at least 200mm above the finished floor level of the
surrounding area.

1.37 No tank or fitting intended for conveying or storing water shall be lined or
coated internally with coal tar or any other substance that includes coal tar.
All internal or external coatings of water storage tanks shall be approved by
the Distribution Company.

1.38 Water storage tank design and engineering shall include consideration of all
types of loads the tank will be subjected to; it must be ensured that all
design calculations have allowed for safety factors which will enable tanks to
withstand the internal and external forces to which they are subjected.

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Overflow and warning pipe arrangements

1.39 The location of the cistern or tank overflow (warning or overflow pipe) must
be readily identifiable and the discharge should be in a conspicuous and
visible position. Every storage tank larger than 1000 litres (220 gallons) shall
be fitted with an overflow pipe. Storage tanks larger than 100,000 litres
(22,000 gallons) must be fitted with an overflow pipe and an instrument or
device (audible or visual) or both, depending on the Distribution Companys
instructions, which will indicate that water is about to overflow and will
enable any overflow to be controlled. Any additional requirement shall be
approved by the Distribution Company.

1.40 A warning/overflow pipe made of rigid pipe should be twice the internal
diameter of the inlet pipe and not less than 19mm (bore) internal diameter.
The actual internal diameter of the pipe(s) installed should be capable of
taking any possible flow in the pipe arising from any failure of the inlet valve.
When determining the size of an overflow pipe, account should be taken of
any insect or vermin screens installed which may reduce the nominal flow
capacity of the overflow pipe.

1.41 Where two or more cisterns have a common warning pipe, that pipe shall be
installed so that the source of any overflow may be readily identified and
shall be so arranged that any overflow from the tank or cistern cannot
discharge into another.

1.42 Where it is not possible to fit an overflow pipe, an audible or visual alarm
operating independently from the inflow control device is required. Where
necessary, the Distribution Company may require a water level indicator to
be fitted, particularly for tanks of 100,000 litres and above.

1.43 Connection of the overflow pipe of a Roof Tank to Ground Storage Tanks
may be allowed as long as there is no risk of water contamination. In case
internal meters are installed, the overflow pipe from the Roof Tank shall be
connected to the underground tank, providing the construction of
underground tank has been allowed. Such a connection must be approved
by the Distribution Company. The Distribution Company has the right
charge the Customer/Responsible Person for any water losses within the
plumbing system i.e. for the difference between the check/guard meter
reading and the sum of customer meter readings.

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Tank protection

1.44 All water storage tanks with a capacity of more than 50,000 litres shall be
partitioned, in order to allow maintenance activities to take place without
causing supply interruptions (unless a second tank is available). If the tank
is internally partitioned, each compartment shall be treated as an
independent water tank. As far as these guidelines are concerned, the
partition must extend the full height of the tank, and each compartment
must be capable of supporting water on either side with one side empty. All
other inlet and outlet connection arrangements must be considered, and
separate inlet and outlet connections, overflow, flow control, drainage and
isolation valves provided.

1.45 All ground tanks or cisterns manufactured from translucent material (plastic
polymers) shall be protected from sunlight by placing them under a
permanent fixed structure or shedding, unless factory-made insulated tanks
are used. The insulation shall be made of rigid foam of suitable thickness
resistant to ultraviolet radiation, or as approved by the Distribution
Company. It is recommended that the polyethylene tanks should have a
minimum of four layers of insulation.

1.46 The tanks and associated fittings shall be designed with consideration to the
prevailing climatic conditions of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, and shall be
suitable for the storage of desalinated water, well water and/or a mixture of
both unless specifically mentioned otherwise. Prevailing climate conditions
as a minimum:

(a) maximum ambient temperature in the shade: 52C;

(b) minimum ambient temperature: 1C;

(c) maximum ambient relative humidity: 100%; and

(d) wind speed: 22 km/hr.

1.47 Every storage tank and cistern shall be adequately supported to prevent
thermal movement or distortion or damage to it, or to any water fitting
connected to it. Any water jet shall be directed away from the tank sides and
joints.

1.48 Tank foundation and, where required, shed installation should be of rigid
construction, permanent in nature and of a durable weather-resistant
material. The expected life of the shed and foundation shall be more than, or
similar to, that of the tank itself. The tank foundation shall be rigid, smooth

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and level. The shed roof shall extend beyond the boundaries of the water
tank by one metre. The roof space above the cover shall be no less than
400mm and no more than 800mm.

Storage tank testing and disinfection (new installations)

1.49 After completion of tank installation, the tank shall be hydrostatically tested
in accordance with the following:

(a) before testing is carried out, the tank shall be filled with water to the
top level of the side panels, and the overflow, drain and other pipes
shall be blanked off. The static water test shall be for a period of not
less than one hour;

(b) continuous inspection shall be carried out for the whole testing
period. All leaks found shall be repaired, and the static test repeated
until no leakage is observed. Repairs shall conform to manufacturers
recommendations or instructions and be carried out by persons
competent in that work;

(c) while the tank is being emptied, precautions shall be taken to ensure
that the design vacuum is not exceeded;

(d) the testing medium shall be potable water. In order to avoid waste,
pumping from one tank into another during testing may be allowed;
and

(e) the hold time between completion of the filling and start of emptying
shall not be less than 24 hours in order to allow the tank to settle.
Discharging of the water shall be carried out in a controlled manner
to avoid scouring or flooding.

1.50 After completion of the testing, each tank shall be disinfected in accordance
with the procedure below (tank disinfection shall be carried out only after
completion of service connection flushing and disinfection where applicable).
In case of existing customer storage tanks disinfection procedures stipulated
in the Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water
Storage Tanks shall be followed.

1.51 The general disinfection procedure for tanks with a capacity of less than
5000 litres is to flush the tank, introduce the disinfectant (approved type of
hypochlorite to 20mg/l) and leave it for a one-hour contact period at a level
just below the overflow pipe. If the concentration is satisfactory (5mg/l and
above), the tank should be drained and thoroughly flushed. Tank

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disinfection shall be carried out by a specialised contractor. The disinfection
of tanks with a capacity greater than 5000 litres should only be carried out
according to the following procedures:

(a) the tank shall be filled to a depth of 300mm with potable water;

(b) sufficient sodium hypochlorite (approved type) shall be added to give a


solution containing approximately 20mg/l, or to a concentration
approved by the Distribution Company; this solution shall then be
mixed thoroughly. Where other disinfectants are used, the
concentration and the procedure shall be as per the manufacturers
recommendations and must be approved by the Distribution
Company;

(c) a small portable pump shall be temporarily mounted outside the tank
with suction and discharge hoses extending through the tank main
openings;

(d) the discharge hose shall be equipped with a suitable nozzle or pipe
reducer to provide a sufficient flow of chlorinated water, when
discharged from the portable pumps, to reach all parts of the tank
interior;

(e) the interior of the tank shall then be sprayed intermittently to ensure
its entire internal surface is disinfected;

(f) safety precautions shall be taken to avoid injury to personnel; these


include the provision of the appropriate protective rubber clothing,
chlorine gas masks, etc. It is recommended that the pump be placed
outside the tank to avoid the additional hazard associated with the
presence of carbon monoxide exhaust fumes inside the tank;

(g) after disinfection, the chlorine solution shall be drained to waste to a


location approved by the relevant authorities, or as recommended by
the Distribution Company; the tank shall then be flushed and sealed;

(h) if required by the Distribution Company, the Responsible Person shall


arrange to have the water tested at an approved water quality testing
facility to ensure the water quality is wholesome; and

(i) special attention should be taken when high chlorine concentrations


and other disinfectants are being used, as they may affect new
coatings or linings in tanks and cisterns.

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Operation of and maintenance procedure for storage tanks

1.52 All tanks shall be operated and maintained by the Responsible Person, to
provide wholesome drinking water at all times. Tanks are subject to cleaning
and inspection frequency and procedures as stipulated in The Code of
Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water Storage Tanks.

1.53 Storage tanks above ground and of less than 5000 litres capacity shall be
visually inspected by the Responsible Person at intervals of not greater than
one year, to ensure that the tank is not leaking and has not suffered
physical damage (for example scratches, dents, holes, deformation of any
kind) or material degradation (for example, corrosion to glass reinforcement
or resin delamination, oxidation of metallic parts) to the tank structure, its
fittings and supports, including overflow arrangements. Damage to tanks,
fittings and any supports shall be repaired immediately on observation by
the appropriate means for that tank type.

1.54 Storage tanks in or below ground and not exposed for visual inspection, and
tanks greater than 5000 litres in capacity shall be subject to a static leakage
or drop test carried out by the Responsible Person at intervals not greater
than one year. Leaks shall be identified and the tank repaired or replaced as
appropriate.

1.55 All repairs shall conform to best practice in terms of workmanship and
materials, and shall conform to manufacturers recommendations.

1.56 Replacement tanks and fittings shall comply with the Water Supply
Regulations and its Guide applicable at the time of replacement.

1.57 Improvement notices shall be prepared as appropriate and should be


applicable for the circumstances prevailing such that human health and
hygiene impacts are resolved as soon as possible, but after no longer than 1
week. Do Not Drink warning notices shall be issued to all consumers of
water supplied from the failed tanks. Structurally damaged and leaking
facilities may warrant a less urgent time scale but no longer than 1 month.

1.58 Follow-up inspections, to lift the improvement notice, shall be undertaken at


a timely interval and water quality tests performed, at the owners expense,
to ensure the water stored is wholesome.

1.59 Appropriate written notices, giving no less than 48 hours notice, shall be
provided by the Responsible Person to all customers within the Premises
prior to any maintenance work, advising them of any possible interruptions

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to the water supply or any precautions that need to be taken while the
maintenance work is being carried out.

Reinforced concrete water storage tanks and reservoirs

1.60 The following covers the minimum requirements for design consideration
when constructing reinforced concrete reservoirs. In general, constructions
of underground reinforced concrete water storage tanks and reservoirs shall
be avoided for low-rise buildings unless approved by the Distribution
Company.

Basic design considerations

1.61 A site survey and soil investigation are required at the proposed location of
the reinforced concrete tank.

1.62 The reservoir foundation shall be free of unsuitable material to the level
required as per survey/soil investigation recommendations.

1.63 The quality of concrete (minimum to be of grade 40 N/mm2), other materials


and workmanship shall be adequate for safety, serviceability and durability.

1.64 The concrete reservoir shall be designed in such a manner that it sustains
all loads and deformations of normal construction and use and has adequate
durability and resistance to the effects of arid desert conditions and winds.

1.65 The specification for concrete reservoirs should be in accordance with


ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works NO. W-C-SS-007, or as
approved by the Distribution Company for small storage tanks.

1.66 The dividing wall (where constructed) shall be designed such that either
compartment may remain full of water (to under roof soffit) whilst the other
compartment is empty. The minimum free-board (top water level) shall be
300mm to roof soffit.

1.67 The reservoir roof shall be designed for the dead load from the concrete roof
slab and other fixtures, live loads and an allowance for personnel working on
the roof as approved by the designer or owners representative (consultant).
The reservoir roof shall have an acces manhole with a minimum clear
opening of 800 x 800mm covered by light duty acces cover resting on
200mm high concrete upstand

1.68 Thermal effects due to temperature variations shall also be considered in the
design. All reservoir components shall be constructed of reinforced concrete,

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and their form shall be determined by the allocated site dimensions and the
need to allow for future storage and downstream distribution facilities.

1.69 Joints in reservoirs may be used in conjunction with a corresponding


proportion of reinforcement, to control the concrete crack widths arising
from shrinkage and thermal changes to within acceptable limits and in
accordance with BS EN 1992-3. Provision of expansion joints shall be made
with caution and a minimum number of expansion joints is recommended.
Joints in the floor slab of the reservoir shall be repeated on the screed below
to avoid non-uniform movement. PVC water bars of approved size and make
shall be provided at all joints.

1.70 Roof slabs shall be designed as flat slabs with all interior joints acting as
construction joints so that the slab is structurally monolithic. Where roof
and walls are monolithic, movement joints in the roof shall correspond with
those in the walls to avoid the possibility of sympathetic cracking.

1.71 Tanks installed outdoors without a protective shed above them shall have a
1% minimum slope towards one or two sides, or any other effective system
for draining the tank roof. No water shall be allowed to accumulate on the
tank roof. For panelled tanks, the roof joints shall be made flush with the
surrounding panel to prevent any type of accumulation.

1.72 The tank inlet and outlet connections shall be a complete arrangement of
flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to BS EN 1092-1 and BS EN 1092-2 ,
along with a puddle flange either cast or welded on connection and shall be
properly aligned both in the horizontal and vertical planes to ensure a
watertight joint.

Reinforced plastic water storage tanks

1.73 The following covers the minimum requirements for design consideration
when installing plastic water tanks.

Basic design consideration

1.74 Every tank shall be accompanied with a copy of the manufacturer's


catalogue showing operational and maintenance instructions, and
precautions to be taken by the end users. Certificates to indicate suitability
of material for storing potable water shall be provided as well as other test
certificates as required by the Distribution Company. The Distribution
Company may also request additional tests to be undertaken by the relevant
international and national testing authorities.

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1.75 Manufacturers instructions and guidelines concerning the storage of tank
parts and accessories, general site conditions for final tank location,
installation methodology, and usage and commissioning of the tank shall be
strictly observed.

1.76 Tanks shall be erected, tested and commissioned as per


supplier/manufacturer instructions. Following installation, the tank shall be
tested, cleaned and flushed before being put into service.

1.77 The internal and external surface of the shell or panel shall be smoothly
finished and free of defects so as to prevent the adhesion of foreign matter
such as dust, dirt, moss, algae, bacteria, scale formation and rust.

1.78 All domestic water tanks used for storing drinking water shall be protected
from excessive heat, direct sun and ultraviolet rays. The tank exterior
shell/panel, fastener, supports, etc shall be protected against direct weather
conditions for the duration of their expected life. This means the tank shall
be either UV stabilised with suitably insulated material, or kept indoors or
under a protective structural shed.

1.79 The tank material shall be opaque (95 % and above) to help reduce
evaporation of disinfectant and inhibit algal growth; the colour of the tank
panel and protective wrapping shall aid in reducing heat absorption.

1.80 Sealant materials used shall be non-toxic, flexible and resistant to ultraviolet
rays. Sealants should maintain these qualities for the expected life of the
tank. The internal tank joints of panels shall be made flush with tank panels
to prevent the accumulation of deposits and facilitate cleaning. Sealant must
not protrude outside joints hindering the cleaning process and aiding dirt
accumulation; when sealant is extruded, it must be trimmed back flush with
the tank panel.

Installation and erection

1.81 All reinforced plastic tanks shall be erected above ground level with a flat
supporting base. Tanks shall have a clear access of not less than 600mm all
around and shall be suitably fixed in accordance with manufacturers
recommendations.

1.82 Each tank with a capacity of 10,000 litres and above shall have a complete
arrangement of flanged water inlet and outlet fittings to BS EN 1092-1 and
BS EN 1092-2; otherwise tank connection fittings shall comply with BS EN

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10226-1/BS 21, along with water fittings suitable for connection to tank
inlet and supply pipes.

1.83 Flexible connectors shall be used wherever necessary to prevent stress and
vibration being transferred to the water tank.

1.84 Externally-located tanks shall be installed on a stable foundation and bolted


or clamped if necessary to protect them from settlement and to enable them
to withstand external forces that may cause movement.

Tank fittings and accessories

1.85 All metallic parts in contact with water such as panels, bracing, tie rods,
angle plates, roof supports etc, shall be of stainless steel grade 316. If other
than stainless steel grade 316 is used, a non-metallic plastic shrinkable tube
or an approved similar protective material shall be used.

1.86 At least one access cover shall be provided for each water tank. Two access
covers shall be allowed for in tanks with a capacity greater than 10,000
litres. The cover shall be an elevated, lockable hinged cover with gasket and
locking mechanism. Access holes shall have a suitably-sized clear opening of
not less than 600mm in diameter if circular, or 600 x 600mm if square. In
small cylindrical tanks, access covers shall be located within reachable
distance of float-operated valves for ease of maintenance.

1.87 All connections between panels shall be externally flanged for ease of
maintenance, cleaning and hygiene considerations. Bolts and nuts shall be
of stainless steel grade 316 (other materials can be used provided that bolt
heads are cap-protected by a non-metallic material such as rubber).

1.88 Panel type tanks shall be supplied with at least one concave section bottom
panel fitted with an arrangement to drain the tank; alternatively, the panels
adjacent to the tank bottom shall be slopped or so designed that water is
effectively channelled to drain the panel, leaving no water accumulated
within the tank. The minimum size of the drain shall not be less than the
size of the inlet pipe. Cylindrical tanks shall be fitted with a drain connection
to allow complete draining of the tank. All tanks shall be located in a well-
drained location.

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Glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) water storage tanks

Basic design consideration

1.89 Manufacturing and design shall conform to ADWEA standard specification


No. W-M-SS-013 or equivalent for glass fibre-reinforced plastic cisterns for
cold water storage.

(a) the maximum tank height shall not exceed 4000mm;

(b) the GRP panel safety factor shall be a minimum of 6;

(c) wind velocity shall be based on 22 km/hr;

(d) the roof panels of the tank shall withstand a maximum load of 100
kgf and dead load of structure; and

(e) earth loads shall be determined by the rational soil mechanics


method.

1.90 The tanks shall be manufactured from hot-pressed moulded GRP Panels.
The tank material shall meet the requirements of the WRc (Water Research
Council, UK), the WRAS (Water Regulations Advising Scheme, UK) or
equivalent approved standards. Cold-pressed moulded GRP panel tanks are
acceptable subject to the Distribution Companys approval.

(a) the internal and external surface of the shell or panel shall be
smoothly finished; no fibre shall project out and the surfaces must be
free of defects such as crazing, wrinkles, crevices and pinholes so as
to prevent the adhesion of foreign matter such as dust, dirt, moss,
algae, bacteria, scale formation and rust;

(b) the GRP sheet moulding compound shall have ultraviolet protection
features to ensure long panel life;

(c) the base panels shall be of a convex shape to assist in the complete
draining of water;

(d) all tank openings shall be flanged, with the flanges rated and drilled
to match the supply/discharge pipeline ratings; otherwise to BS EN
1092-1 and BS EN 1092-2. All nozzles shall be of uPVC;

(e) GRP tanks shall be constructed with internal partition walls to


provide separate sections so that one section can be isolated for
maintenance while the other section(s) is/are still operational. In this

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case, each section shall be provided with the specified accessories to
allow for safe isolation;

(f) all tanks shall be fitted with roof supports manufactured from uPVC
pipes. Tanks up to 5000 x 5000 x 3000mm (H) shall be fitted with an
internal bracing system comprised of angle brackets manufactured in
stainless steel grade 316 or above;

(g) tanks with dimensions above 5000 x 5000 x 3000 mm (H) shall be
fitted with a hot-dipped galvanized external bracing structure. Each
tank shall be permanently equipped with an internal ladder of uPVC
or GRP and a hot-dipped galvanized external ladder;

(h) each tank shall be fitted with a hot-dipped galvanized mild steel
beam/channel skid. The steel skid shall be fixed on the concrete
beams by anchor bolts and levelled. The allowable deflection of the
steel footing shall not exceed 3mm; and

(i) all bolts, nuts and washers shall be in stainless steel grade 316L (or
above) when in contact with water. Bolts, nuts and washers not in
contact with water shall be of stainless steel grade 316 and above.

1.91 For outdoor bolted tanks, insulated GRP panels shall be utilized to
withstand the temperature extremes. The insulated tank panels shall be
factory insulated with at least 25mm of polyurethane foam or 40mm of
expanded polystyrene. The insulation shall not be exposed to external
weather conditions. It shall be covered with a permanently-fixed external
cover made of the same material as used in the GRP panels, and should be
resistant to ultraviolet radiation, weather-resistant and watertight.

Storage tanks installation

1.92 The tank foundation shall be designed to withstand the total weight of the
tank with water, including an adequate factor of safety as per the applicable
design standards.

(a) the construction of the tank foundation shall be carried out in


accordance with the tank manufacturers requirements. Tank
foundation shall be rigid and smooth and have an elevated surface;
and

(b) the foundation construction shall allow for adequate drainage of water
away from the tank, so that moisture may not accumulate under the

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tank. Externally-bolted panelled base tanks shall have a 500mm
minimum clear access below their base panels.

1.93 Gaskets and bolting shall be furnished for all access holes, hand-holes and
other openings which call for blind flanges or covers. At least two sets of
gaskets of the same materials shall be furnished; one set for testing and one
set unused and packed separately with proper protection and markings.

Galvanized steel tanks

1.94 Installation of household water storage tanks made from galvanized mild
steel sheets is not recommended. This is due to manufacturing quality as
well as the observation that poor conditions and rust have adversely affected
the quality of water stored in many existing tanks.

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2. Water Fittings

Materials and substances used in water fittings

General

2.1 Materials or substances, either alone or in combination, which cause, or are


likely to cause, deterioration to the quality of water should not be used in
the construction, installation, renewal, repair or replacement of any water
fitting which conveys or receives water supplied for domestic or food
production purposes.

2.2 For non-metallic materials, this requirement is deemed to be met by


compliance with British Standard BS 6920-1, or the equivalent approved
standard.

2.3 Water fittings and materials for water fittings complying with paragraph 2.1
should be tested by an approved test house, and the results certificates shall
be provided to the Distribution Company upon request.

2.4 The following factors should be considered when determining the suitability
of materials and fittings which are, or will be, in contact with the water
supplied:

(a) internal and external temperatures to which they will be subjected;

(b) presence of contamination in the ground based on soil investigation;

(c) the effect of internal and external corrosion;

(d) compatibility of different materials;

(e) the effect of ageing, fatigue, durability and other; and

(f) permeability.

Joining of different types of materials

2.5 Except for plastic pipes, new pipework should not be connected to existing
lines or other pipework without appropriate protection being provided
against galvanic corrosion.

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Plastics and permeable materials

2.6 Water fittings should be installed to minimize any risk of contamination by


permeation of fluids through the material or materials used.

2.7 Water fittings made of a material susceptible to permeation by any fluid that
causes, or is likely to cause, contamination of water passing through the
fitting should not be laid or installed in such a location.

2.8 Water fittings made of plastics or other materials which are likely to be
damaged by exposure to oil, petrol or any other contaminant should not be
laid in contaminated ground, or should be protected.

2.9 Pipes or connections buried near contaminated locations should be made of


pipe material that is impermeable or protected by appropriate material.

2.10 The minimum distance between the service connection and all other services
shall not be less than 350mm from all directions except sewerage lines,
where the distance should not be less than 1500mm.

Dezincification-resistant materials

2.11 Water fittings are to be resistant to corrosion and, where specified, to


dezincification.

2.12 All concealed water fittings, except terminal fittings, (including those buried
underground), together with backflow prevention devices, are required to be
manufactured of gunmetal or other dezincification-resistant materials.

General protection and control measures

2.13 Every water fitting shall be:

(a) immune to or protected from corrosion by galvanic action or by any


other process which is likely to result in contamination or waste of
water;

(b) constructed of material of such strength and thickness as to resist


damage from any external load, vibration, stress or settlement,
pressure surges, or temperature fluctuation to which it is likely to be
subjected;

(c) watertight and be so constructed and installed as to:

(i) prevent ingress by contaminants;

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(ii) be so installed as to minimize the risk of permeation by, or
deterioration from, contact with any substance which may
cause contamination; and

(iii) be adequately supported;

(d) no water fitting shall be installed, connected or used which is likely to


have a detrimental effect on the quality or pressure of water in a water
main or other pipe of the Distribution Company;

(e) no water fitting shall be embedded in any wall or solid floor;

(f) no fitting which is designed to be operated or maintained, whether


manually or electronically, or which consists of a joint, shall be a
concealed water fitting;

(g) no pipe, cistern, tank or other apparatus used for conveying or


receiving potable water shall convey or receive non-potable water; and

(h) water fittings should be adequately protected against damage from


any cause, including the environment through which they pass.

Water tightness of fittings

2.14 Water fittings are to be watertight and suitable for the prevailing
temperatures likely to be encountered within the installation.

Fixing of water fittings

2.15 Water fittings should be adequately supported, the spacing for support being
dependent on the material of the pipes.

2.16 Allowance should be made to accommodate any reasonable foreseeable


movement, including thermal movement, in accordance with BS EN 806-1,
BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558.

2.17 No bend or curve in any pipe shall be made so as to significantly diminish or


alter the internal diameter or strength of the pipe in any part.

2.18 Every pipe shall be properly and adequately supported and shall be laid and
fixed so as to avoid sagging, the development of air locks or reverberation.

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Stop Valves, Servicing Valves and drain taps

2.19 Draw-off taps, Stop Valves, Servicing Valves and draining taps should be
designed so that, where applicable, their seals:

(a) can be readily renewed or replaced;

(b) do not incorporate a loose washer plate;

(c) can be designed and manufactured so that they may be easily closed
to shut off the supply of water; and

(d) can be operated at the appropriate water temperature and pressure.

Pressure requirements

2.20 All water fittings should be capable of withstanding an internal water


pressure of not less than 1.5 times the maximum operating pressure.

2.21 In determining the maximum operating pressure to which the system is


subjected, the increase in static pressure in the following instances should
be taken into consideration:

(a) pressure in the supply pipe during night periods when there may be
little demand on the system;

(b) pressure caused by pumps in any water supply installation where


pumps are installed; and

(c) pressure resulting from static head or building height.

2.22 No water filter, water softener or any other device shall be installed directly
in water supply piping or service connections which may cause pressure loss
to the customer Premises. All other water fittings, meters, backflow
prevention devices and valves shall be sized correctly in order to minimise
pressure losses.

2.23 Where Water Fittings are subjected to excessive pressure due to high water
supply pressure or pump pressure or pressure drop, the Responsible Person
must ensure a pressure regulator adjusted to the requirements of the
Distribution Company is installed.

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Surge pressures

2.24 Where a customer is connected directly to a supply pipe, the internal test
pressure applied to the installation must take into consideration any
transient or surge pressures which may be generated within the system.

2.25 Transient pressure increases or surge (water hammer) may be generated by


the rapid closure of a valve, for example, float-operated valves, spherical
valves or disc valves. When installed, attenuation devices or water hammer
arresters may reduce the effects of surge Pipe and/or fittings manufacturers
should be consulted for recommended surge pressure limits whilst designing
for such transient situations.

Back-syphonage

2.26 The method of installation of all pipes, fittings or apparatus shall be such
that:

(a) the creation of a negative pressure of air in the pipes shall be avoided;

(b) pipes, fittings and apparatus shall be free from backflow and back-
syphonage at all times and that waste or contamination of the water
supply shall be prevented; and

(c) backflow is prevented by using the appropriate type of prevention


arrangement.

Location of water fittings

2.27 Unless they are located in an internal wall which is not a solid wall, a duct
which may be readily exposed, or under a suspended floor which may, if
necessary be readily removed and replaced, or to which there is access,
water fittings should not be:

(a) located in the cavity of a cavity wall;

(b) embedded in any wall or solid floor; or

(c) installed below a suspended or solid floor at ground level.

Accessibility of fittings

2.28 Except where specifically approved by the Distribution Company, all pipes
and fittings shall be arranged so as to be readily accessible and, where
enclosed, the casing or duct shall be so constructed as to afford ready

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means of access to the pipes and fittings for examination, repair,
replacement and operation.

2.29 The point of discharge of any pipe shall be in a position readily accessible for
inspection. Duct ends must be sealed to prevent ingress of foreign material.

Concealed fittings

2.30 In this paragraph concealed water fitting means a water fitting which:

(a) is installed below ground;

(b) passes through or under any wall, footing or foundation;

(c) is enclosed in any chase or duct; or

(d) is in any other position which is inaccessible or renders access


difficult.

2.31 A concealed pipe may be installed in a pipe sleeve or duct located under or
within a solid floor provided that the pipe can be readily removed and
replaced.

Depth of pipes laid in the ground

2.32 Every service pipe laid in the ground shall be 750mm deep, and at no time
less than 500mm or more than 1000mm below the surface of the ground,
measured from the top of the pipe to the ground surface, except where the
depth is reduced at the entry to and exit from a meter chamber. When
passing through the foundations of a building, the service pipe shall be fitted
in a sleeve or duct installed during the construction of the building.

2.33 No service or distributing pipe shall be laid or fixed so as to pass into or


through any sewer or drain, or any manhole connected thereto, or into or
through any manure hole, cesspool, septic tank, soakaway or refuse pit.

2.34 No pipe shall be laid or installed in any foul soil or other substance which
could cause either contamination of the water in the pipe or deterioration of
the pipe material.

2.35 No pipe made of any material susceptible to permeation by any gas or other
substance which could cause contamination of the water in the pipe shall be
laid, installed or allowed to remain in a position where such permeation
could reasonably be expected to occur, for example at or near petrol filling
stations.

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2.36 Every water fitting and every component of a water fitting or any pipe below
ground which may be in contact with water shall be resistant or immune to
dezincification.

2.37 Where compliance with the minimum cover of 500mm is impracticable, and
with the written approval of the Distribution Company, the water fittings
should be installed as deep as is practicable below the finished ground level
and be adequately protected against damage.

Jointings of fittings

2.38 Jointing should be by threaded connections to BSP, taper thread to BS EN


10226-1/BS 21 or to flanged connections drilled to BS EN 1092-1 and BS
EN 1092-2.

2.39 Water fittings installed underground, embedded in any wall or solid floor
should not be jointed or connected to any other water fitting by adhesives.

Irrigation supply

2.40 Every pipe supplying a tap used for garden watering or other outdoor use
shall be provided with a non-return valve, unless fed independently from a
storage cistern.

Operational fittings

2.41 Operational fittings such as Stop Valves, Servicing Valves and drain taps
should be readily accessible for operation and maintenance.

2.42 Operational fittings may be located in a duct or access chamber provided


with a hinged door or removable cover which is visible at all times. The door
or cover should not be covered with any decorative material such as carpet,
wall or floor tiling or wallpaper, which requires removal to access the door or
cover.

Stop Valves to Premises

2.43 Every supply and distributing pipe providing water to Premises should be
fitted with a Stop Valve to control the supply to those Premises only.
Shutting off the supply to a Premises means that it will be the only Premises
disconnected.

2.44 Every supply and distributing pipe providing water in common to two or
more Premises is to be fitted with a Stop Valve (whether inside or outside the
Premises) to which each occupier of the Premises has access.

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2.45 Stop Valves shall be located inside Premises, above floor level, and shall
prevent the supply of water to any part of the Premises.

Cross connection to unwholesome water and backflow prevention

2.46 Any water fitting conveying:

(a) rainwater, recycled water, treated grey water or well water and any
fluid other than water supplied by a Distribution Company; or

(b) any fluid that is not potable water,

shall be clearly identified so as to be easily distinguished from any supply


pipe or distributing pipe.

2.47 No internal distribution pipe or pump delivery pipe drawing water from a
storage tank shall convey, or be connected so that it can convey, other than
potable water supplied by the Distribution Company unless a backflow
device approved by the Distribution Company is installed.

2.48 To prevent contamination to any part of the water installation, and to


prevent the backflow of water from the installation to the supply mains,
backflow prevention shall be provided on any tank, supply pipe or internal
distribution pipe.

2.49 The method of backflow prevention and the type shall be in accordance with
BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4, BS EN 806-5 and
BS 8558:

(a) where it is necessary to prevent backflow between separately occupied


Premises; or

(b) where the Distribution Company or Bureau or person authorised in


accordance with these Regulations has given notice that such
prevention is needed for the whole or part of any Premises.

Provision of Servicing Valves

2.50 Inlets to all float-operated valves and all cisterns should be provided with a
Servicing Valve to facilitate maintenance.

2.51 Servicing Valves should be fitted as close as is reasonably practicable to


float-operated valves or the other inlet devices of an appliance.

2.52 Servicing Valves may be of the screw-down or spherical type.

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Float-operated valves

2.53 Float-operated valves and other fittings for controlling flow to cisterns or
tanks should:

(a) be capable of controlling the flow of water into any cistern or


apparatus and, when closed, be watertight and remain watertight;

(b) incorporate, as applicable, a renewable seat and a washer which are


resistant to both corrosion and erosion by water, or have some other
no less effective valve closure assembly;

(c) as applicable, have a float which is constructed of a non-corrosive


material capable of withstanding without leaking any water
temperature in which it operates or is likely to operate, and have a
lifting effort such that when not more than half immersed, the valve is
capable of drop-tight closure against the maximum operating
pressure at that elevation in the building; and

(d) when acting via an operating lever, and when the valve is closed,
withstand without bending or distorting a force twice that to which it
is ordinarily subject and, in the case of a 15mm size valve, be
constructed so that the water shut-off level may be altered or adjusted
without bending the float lever.

(e) It is not recommended to install a mechanical float valve on a transfer


line from the Ground Storage Tank to Roof Tank, for the sudden and
continuously repeated closing and opening of the float valve can
create water hammer effecting the transfer pump and Water Fittings
downstream of the pump. The level in the Roof Tank should
preferably be controlled by an electric float switch.

2.54 Float-operated valves which are subject to hot water at the inlet should be
constructed of materials capable of withstanding without leaking any
ordinary operating water temperature to which they are likely to be
subjected. So far as is reasonably practicable, their operation should not be
prevented or impaired by scale. With regard to any scale likely to be
deposited on the valve or float, the valve should be capable of being adjusted
to prevent any flow through the valve above the required water level.

2.55 Every device or valve installed for controlling the inflow of water (other than
float-operated valves) shall be capable of controlling the flow of water into
the cistern.

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Disconnection, redundant fittings and dead ends

2.56 Any draw-off fitting that is permanently removed from the installation
should have the branch pipe serving the fitting disconnected at its source.
The owner/Responsible Person should apply to the Distribution Company
for the supply to be disconnected. This Guide applies in particular to
consumers who wish to demolish a building to which a supply pipe has been
laid. Such consumers must, prior to the commencement of demolition work,
apply to the Distribution Company to have the supply disconnected to
prevent damage, waste or contamination of the water supply.

Setting out

2.57 All service pipework shall be accurately located in plan and elevation to suit
the requirement of the water supply layouts and general arrangement
drawings and as required by the approved design.

2.58 Sight rails shall be set in position, using a surveyor's level and properly
established benchmarks alongside the work. The practice of "transferring"
levels by means of a straight edge and spirit level shall not be permitted.

Installation of pipes and ducts

2.59 The water supply pipes shall preferably be installed in straight lines, with
proprietary fittings used at any change in direction or level. All socketed
pipes shall be laid with the sockets facing upstream. All pipes shall be fully
supported at the required intervals using mounting that is in strict
accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer.

2.60 Immediately prior to laying, all pipes and fittings shall be examined carefully
to ensure that they are sound. No damaged or defective items shall be used.
Any part length used shall be cut squarely and cleanly at the end. All pipes
shall be clean before installation and jointing.

2.61 All water supply pipes may include bends, tapers, junctions and other
special pipes of a particular pattern as required.

2.62 When pipes pass through walls, floors or ceilings they shall be sleeved and
sealed. All concealed pipes within walls, ceilings or floors shall be run within
a protective conduit.

2.63 Before commencement, and for the smooth progress of the pipework
installation, the Responsible Person shall coordinate and finalize the routes,

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ground/invert levels, positions of the manholes etc with the Distribution
Company.

2.64 All changes in the design shall be subject to the approval of the Distribution
Company.

Detectable tape

2.65 Where Water Supply Systems are run underground, pipe shall be adequately
protected and marked using detectable tape. Tape shall be installed 250mm
above the buried pipe and shall be in accordance with the following
specification6:

(a) tape width 250mm

(b) tape material plastic

(c) tensile strength 10 N/mm2

(d) detection strip width 50mm

(e) detection strip material plastic aluminium coated6

(f) colour blue

(g) printing CAUTION WATER PIPE BELOW (in Arabic and English)

Pipe bedding and surrounding material

2.66 Pipe bedding and surrounding material shall be well rounded, not angular.
When the excavated material is suitable, the bottom of the trench shall be
trimmed and loosened to form the bed; otherwise the trench shall be
excavated to a depth below the invert level to allow for the thickness of
bedding material. No sharp material shall be in contact with the supply pipe.

2.67 When dug material is not suitable, imported granular material shall be used
to provide 100mm bedding and surrounding material, see Table 2.1.

2.68 Requirements for imported material for bedding and surrounding nominal
pipe size (complying with BS EN 12620)

6 The detection strip shall be sealed along its edge

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Table 2.1
Range of pipe: nominal diameter Pipe bedding and surrounding material
Up to 65mm Fine or Coarse sands up to 5mm nominal size depending on pipe material
80mm to 150mm 10 to 14mm nominal single sized or 5 to 14mm graded aggregate
150mm and over 10, 14 or 20mm single sized or 5 to 14mm or 5 to 20mm graded aggregate

2.69 All surround and backfill materials up to 500mm above the pipe shall be
loose laid and hand compacted only.

2.70 If the excavated material contains stones larger than 40mm, the bedding
material must be extended 150mm around the circumference of the pipe.
Alternatively, the backfill can be graded to eliminate stones exceeding
40mm, and this selected backfill used for the first 300mm around the
circumference of the pipe. The remainder of the trench may be backfilled
with suitable excavated material.

Valve chambers and pits

2.71 All chambers and pits shall be constructed of reinforced concrete or of solid
concrete blocks to the internal dimensions laid out in BS 5834-4, or of a
material approved by the Distribution Company. Chambers and pits shall be
designed for the vehicular or other loading to which they will be subjected.
Valve chambers, pull chambers, and water meter chambers shall not be
located in traffic areas including parking areas. Special approval shall be
obtained from the Distribution Company if such a requirement cannot be
met.

2.72 Foundations to chambers and pits shall be of concrete complying with the
relevant clauses of the Concrete Specification and shall finish flush with the
chambers and pit sides unless specifically otherwise required.

2.73 The internal surfaces of concrete block walls shall be rendered with cement
and sand 1:2 mortar 10mm thick, and the rendering shall be finished with a
smooth and even surface. The ends of all pipes shall be built neatly into the
blockwork and finished flush with mortar. External surfaces shall be
waterproof to prevent external ground or surface water from entering the
valve chamber. Valve chambers and pits shall be provided with a soak-away
pit filled with gravel. The soak-away shall have a minimum size of 100 x 100
mm plan dimension.

2.74 Where subsequent pipework is to be installed, an adequate length of free end


is to be left for later coupling.

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2.75 Where the depth of invert of manholes exceeds one metre below the finished
ground level, aluminium steps as specified in BS EN 13101 shall be built in
at vertical intervals of 300mm, with alternate steps in line vertically and at
225mm centre to centre horizontally.

2.76 Entry to deep manhole chambers (>1500mm) shall be by means of one or


more caged vertical aluminium ladders.

2.77 Manhole covers and frames shall be of blue epoxy coated ductile iron
complying with BS EN 124 or an equivalent standard, and shall be designed
for the loading category to which they will be subjected. Normally, if not
exposed to traffic loads, they shall be of minimum Class B125. Any manhole
cover located in traffic areas, including parking, are subject to Distribution
Company approval.

Testing, disinfection and flushing

Testing

2.78 The whole installation up to the roof tank should be tested hydraulically on
completion by subjecting all supply and distribution pipes, fittings and
connections to an internal test pressure of 1.5 times the maximum allowable
operating pressure (MAOP) for the installation or the relevant part for a
maximum of 3 hours.

2.79 For systems that do not include any plastic pipes (that is, rigid pipe
materials such as copper, stainless steel etc), the requirement shall be in
accordance with BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS EN 806-4,
BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558.

Testing procedure

2.80 The water supply pipelines, joints and fittings shall be tested prior to
surrounding, backfilling, building into walls and floors, or other
concealment.

2.81 All tests shall be performed in convenient sections for each system in the
presence of and to the satisfaction of the Distribution Company where
requested.

2.82 Prior to the commencement of testing, the system shall be thoroughly


cleaned by flushing with potable quality water to ensure no foreign matter
remains within the pipe.

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2.83 The pipes shall then be filled and allowed to stand for a period of 24 hours
before testing.

2.84 During the filling operation, care must be taken to ensure that there is no
entrapped air in the system. The test pressure shall be applied gradually by
means of a suitable pump connected to the pipe in a manner satisfactory to
the Distribution Company.

2.85 All gauges used shall be in good operating condition and shall be
accompanied by the relevant valid calibration and test certificates and be of
a condition that is satisfactory to the Distribution Company.

2.86 During the test, all exposed pipes, joints, fittings, valves, etc shall be
carefully examined, and any joint or item showing signs of leakage shall be
rejected.

2.87 All sections or items rejected shall be removed and replaced, and the test
shall be repeated to the satisfaction of the Distribution Company.

Disinfection

2.88 For a service connection larger than 50mm in diameter, the following shall
be considered:

(a) Sodium hypochlorite (food grade):

(i) The system must be filled with chlorinated water at an initial


concentration of 20mg/1 for a contact period of 1 hour. If the
free residual chlorine measured at the end of the contact period
is less than 10mg/1, the disinfection process shall be repeated
until 10mg/1 is reached, or as instructed by the Distribution
Company.

(ii) After successful chlorination, the system shall be immediately


drained and thoroughly flushed with clean water. Flushing
shall continue until the free residual chlorine is at the level
present in the potable water supplied.

(b) Other disinfectants:

(i) The system shall be filled with the approved disinfectant


solution at the initial concentration and for the contact time
specified by the manufacturer. If the residual amount of the
approved disinfectant at the end of the contact time is less

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than the manufacturers recommendation, the disinfection
procedure shall be repeated.

2.89 For a service connection less than 50mm in diameter, the Distribution
Company must be satisfied that the water supplied is wholesome.

2.90 Should the hydrostatic test fail, and repair work involve emptying the
pipeline, the disinfection and subsequent testing procedures shall be
repeated.

2.91 Once flushed, the water in the new pipelines shall be allowed to stand for a
further 24 hours. Samples shall then be taken from locations directed by the
Distribution Company and immediately submitted for chemical and
bacteriological testing at an approved laboratory.

2.92 Chemical and bacteriological tests shall normally be undertaken by the


Distribution Company laboratory or a laboratory approved by the Bureau.

Acceptance criteria for disinfection

2.93 The pipeline shall not be considered acceptable until faecal coliforms are
undetectable in a 100ml sample. As for the bacterial count, the recorded
total chlorine (minimum of 0.2 and maximum 0.5mg/l) and the pH shall be
within acceptable limits as defined within the Water Quality Regulations. If
the tests show that a satisfactory potable water standard has not been
achieved, the test shall be repeated.

Flushing

2.94 After all hydrostatic testing and disinfection has been completed and the
pipeline is ready in all other respects, the new pipeline shall be flushed out
with potable water from the existing mains to which the new pipeline or
network is or will be connected. Flushing entry and exit points shall be
designed to allow a minimum of 1.0m/s water velocity in the main pipeline
to remove any sand or other debris. The quantity of flushing water shall be
calculated as the equivalent to 3 times the volume of the pipeline to be
flushed unless directed otherwise by the Distribution Company.

2.95 Flushing water shall be discharged via temporary discharge lines to the
surrounding open desert area or into the existing storm water system or, if
feasible, into road tankers. Discharge of flushing water into the existing
storm water system shall be subject to the approval of the relevant
Authorities.

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3. Water pumps and treatment apparatus

3.1 It is strictly prohibited to install any type of suction pump, whether


externally or internally located, for the purpose of directly or indirectly
drawing water from the Distribution Companys water supply system
(Diagram no. 5). Only under special circumstances will the Distribution
Company consider approving such installations.

3.2 It must be noted that all electrical wiring arrangements and electrical
connections to the pump-sets and associated equipment must comply with
the Bureaus Electricity Wiring Regulations.

3.3 All pump-sets must be covered and installed in a clean and dry location, and
be protected from dirt and fumes. Pump-sets must be located to allow safe
access for maintenance activities, including the removal or replacement of
parts.

3.4 All pump-set accessories and associated electrical and mechanical


equipment shall be installed, tested and commissioned in accordance with
manufacturer recommendations.

3.5 The installation of pressure-reducing valves or pressure regulators shall be


considered in the internal distribution system where pressure is likely to
exceed 2.5 bar, or as specified by the Distribution Company.

3.6 Diagrams illustrating common connection arrangements to pumps are


included in Annex D. These are for illustration only; detailed drawings shall
be submitted in accordance with Annex A.

Transfer/booster pumps

3.7 Where required, transfer pump(s) shall be installed for the purpose of
pumping water from the Ground Storage Tank to the Roof Tank or cistern.
The flow rate of the pump shall be selected in such a way that the roof tank
is filled within one to two hours after receiving a low-level signal. A high-level
signal should be at least 50mm below the overflow pipe of the roof tank.
Level control or float switches in contact with water shall be made of
material that is safe and does not affect the water quality in any
circumstances.

3.8 The required capacity of the pumping system shall also be determined with
consideration to the buildings overall rate of consumption and with

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consideration to friction losses. Water velocity must not exceed 2.0 m/s in
the riser pipe unless approved by the Distribution Company.

3.9 It is recommended that two pumps are installed as a minimum (one duty
and one standby) for security of supply purposes, particularly in multi-
tenanted buildings.

3.10 The alternative method of supply is by a direct boosting system from the
Ground Storage Tank directly to the Premises by the use of a transfer pump
and pressure vessel system. However, this system is recommended only for
commercial and public buildings and must be approved by the Distribution
Company and all calculations regarding riser pipe and branches must
ensure that demand is supplied based on the appropriate consumption rate.

Pressure-maintaining pumps

3.11 For multi-storey buildings and high-rise buildings supplied by roof tanks,
the top two to three storeys shall be fed by one or more pressure-
maintaining pumps, along with a pressure vessel by drawing water from the
roof tanks. The purpose of this is to maintain constant pressure and
overcome the low pressure and loss of supply problems that may occur if the
distance between the roof tank and top floor levels is approximately 10
metres or less.

3.12 Pump head shall not be more than 2.0 bar, or as specified by the
Distribution Company.

3.13 A by-pass from the roof tanks to the pump-set shall be provided in case of
failures.

Suction pumps

3.14 As noted above, it is prohibited to use suction pumps to draw water from the
Distribution Company mains or system unless prior approval is obtained
from the Distribution Company.

3.15 Design drawings including such a pump shall not be approved.


Furthermore, permanent water connection shall be withheld until such
pumps are removed.

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Circulation pumps

3.16 Circulation pumps shall be provided for tanks of an irregular shape or with
narrow passages or closed parts. The flow rate of such pumps shall ensure
that the whole tank capacity is circulated within six hours.

Water Treatment apparatus

3.17 No domestic water treatment apparatus, water softener, ion exchange unit,
desalination unit, activated carbon or any other filtration system shall be
connected directly to the service connection.

3.18 Water treatment apparatus installed at the customer Premises that utilises
chemicals for water disinfection, or treatment processes that may alter water
quality characteristics prior to metering shall not be installed. Where further
treatment is required for certain applications, the Responsible Person must
consult the Distribution Company or the authority concerned.

3.19 Central filtration systems or any other water treatment equipment installed,
particularly in multi-tenanted and commercial buildings, must be
maintained and operated according to the manufacturers recommendations.
By-pass arrangements shall be considered in case of system failures.

3.20 Almost all water supplied by the Distribution Companies in the Emirate of
Abu Dhabi is desalinated water, therefore water treatment equipment
specified must be considered following a technical evaluation by the
Responsible Person. The Responsible Person may wish to seek information
and data on the water quality supplied to the area of residence from the
Distribution Company (e.g. Total Dissolved Solids, pH, Chlorine and
Hardnessetc) to verify whether additional treatment is required.

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4. Water meter provision and installation
arrangements

General arrangements

4.1 All potable water outlets supplying water to customer Premises and
connected directly or indirectly to the water main, or sub-main of the
Distribution Companys water network shall be metered in a manner
approved by the Distribution Company using an approved measuring device.

4.2 Any building, part of building or Premises divided into isolated flats
(separate occupation) shall be separately metered.

4.3 Open commercial spaces with one or more self-contained units located
separately shall also be metered separately.

4.4 Service or utility water requirements: air conditioning, housekeeping,


garbage room, toilets, filtration system (backwash) and general services must
all be metered by one or more meters as approved by the Distribution
Company.

4.5 Swimming pools (both above and below ground level) larger than 30 cubic
metres with a fixed water supply connection shall be metered separately.

4.6 The size and type of meter shall be appropriate for the individual customers
overall consumption pattern and maximum flow rates.

4.7 Access to metering installations shall be made available to authorised


officers of the Distribution Company for the purpose of meter reading.

4.8 Diagrams illustrating common locations of water meters are included for
illustration purposes only. Detailed drawings showing the location of the
proposed meter(s) shall be submitted in accordance with Annex A.

4.9 A metering installation must meet the following requirements:

(a) the Customer Metering Regulations;

(b) the relevant section of BS EN 806-1, BS EN 806-2, BS EN 806-3, BS


EN 806-4, BS EN 806-5 and BS 8558; and

(c) the relevant parts of the Guide.

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Meter standards and regulations

4.10 All water meters used for measuring any supply of water for revenue
purposes must be in compliance with the Customer Metering Regulations
issued by the Bureau. They should be approved by the Distribution
Company and conform to the relevant standards included in the regulations.

4.11 Water meters using electronic principles are acceptable so long as they are
approved and compliant with the Distribution Companys requirements.

4.12 The meter numbering system must be approved by the Distribution


Company. The meter number, if unprotected, must be engraved on the meter
body on the same side as the reading display window. If the meter number is
written on the counter face of the meter, it should be protected by a
toughened clear plastic or glass cover.

Illegal tampering

4.13 The meter must be protected by the Responsible Person from illegal
tampering, and access to components which may affect its metrological
characteristics must be prevented. The meter must be installed in a secure
location and have a valid manufacturers or other approved agents seal in
place as specified by the Distribution Company. Where seals have become
damaged or removed, the customer shall inform the Distribution Company.

4.14 No customer shall be permitted to remove or replace a meter. Only the


Distribution Company, or a person authorized by the Distribution Company,
may replace or remove a meter. A customer shall be legally liable if found
responsible for such an act.

Water meter housing

4.15 Water meters are calibrated measurement devices, and require some degree
of protection against physical shock, maltreatment and tampering. In order
to provide this protection, water meters shall be housed in an approved
manner in either cabinets or chambers as approved by the Distribution
Company.

Test meters

4.16 The service pipe supplying multi-storey and multi-tenanted metered


buildings or Premises shall also be fitted with a test meter for water balance
purposes. This is to ensure water losses or leakages inside the Premises
boundary are detected and repaired. This requirement will be determined as

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appropriate by the Distribution Company. A removable pipe fitting inside the
valve chamber shall be considered in new installations to allow for a test
meter to be fixed temporarily by the Distribution Company.

Externally-installed meters

4.17 Externally-installed water meters of sizes up to and including 32mm


diameter should be housed in cabinets intended for use on service
connections. The cabinet should be manufactured of press-moulded
fibreglass (GRP) or a material approved by the Distribution Company. The
water meter box shall be of robust construction and shall be made of GRP
with a UV stabilizer.

4.18 Externally-located meters larger than 32mm in diameter:

(a) Threaded type water meters shall be housed in cabinets intended for
use on service connections. The cabinets shall be manufactured of
press-moulded fibreglass (GRP) or a material approved by the
Distribution Company. The water meter box shall be of robust
construction and shall be made of GRP with a UV stabilizer.

(b) Flanged type water meters shall be installed in the ground and
housed in watertight chambers and shall be sized so that ample space
as specified by the Distribution Company is available for maintenance
activities. The chamber shall be fitted with a cover marked water
meter, of a sufficient strength to carry anticipated loads, or as per the
Distribution Companys recommendation.

4.19 Water meter cabinets shall have either louvered panels or shall have visible
reinforced glass doors opening sideways, depending on the location and as
per the Distribution Companys recommendation. A PVC sleeve shall be
provided with a pull rope from a water meter cabinet to the nearest electrical
room to facilitate any future remote reading and metering data management
system.

4.20 Water-meter cabinets shall either be installed on a support outside the


boundary wall or mounted in a recess in the boundary wall and made flush
with the boundary wall external face. The cabinet shall be placed at such a
height that the centre of the reading window is approximately 1500mm
above the finished ground level or sidewalk level or as approved by the
Distribution Company according to site conditions.

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4.21 A multi-meter cabinet can be used, provided that the spacing between
meters is as specified and that all other requirements of the Distribution
Company are met. All cabinets shall be provided with locks and drain outlets
connected to an approved drain system by the Distribution Company.

4.22 Where required by the Distribution Company, examples of water meter


cabinets submitted for approval must be complete with all the necessary
internal fittings, such as the water meter and lockable valve and secured as
if ready for connection.

Internally-installed meters

4.23 Internally-installed water meters, commonly used in multi-tenanted


buildings, can either be installed in wall-mounted cabinets with doors made
of aluminium or reinforced glass, or in a separate meter room. Internal
meters shall be located in safe and easily accessible locations.

4.24 Rooms housing water meters shall have the following characteristics:

(a) a standard room size of a width not less than 1000mm and suitable
length;

(b) an electric light shall be provided where and if required;

(c) a drain pipe not less than 32mm in diameter shall be provided for
each meter housing chamber or cabinet connected to the buildings
floor draining system;

(d) the meter(s) shall be fixed in a vertical position with suitable support;
and

(e) an engraved sign reading WATER METER ROOM, not less than 200 x
100mm in size, shall be fixed to the outside of the door of the room.

(f) Lights, switches and sockets inside the water meter room shall have
the degree of protection of IP65 or above.

(g) A PVC sleeve shall be provided with a pull rope from a meter room or
cabinet to the nearest electrical room to facilitate any future remote
reading and metering data management system.

(h) The door of a water meter room or cabinet shall be provided with a
master key system approved by the Distribution Company.

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Water meter identification tags

4.25 Tags shall be of rigid plastic material and be at least 60 x 60mm in size.

4.26 Tags shall carry the following information engraved in different colours:

(a) the account number specified by the Distribution Company; and

(b) title of the Premises served by the meter.

4.27 Tags shall be screwed to the wall or the back of the cabinet.

Water meter installation

4.28 Each meter up to and including 40 mm diameter shall be provided with a


gate valve and lockable ball valve upstream of the meter and a gate valve
downstream of the meter, all of the same size as the meter, and suitable
connectors to facilitate future meter changes. For meters larger than 40mm
diameter, a gate valve on each side of the meter shall be provide and a non-
return valve downstream of the meter. Where multiple meters are installed
inside a single cabinet or a room, one main gate valve shall be provided
inside the same room or cabinet in order to isolate that group of water
meters. Where a drain valve is required, it shall be installed immediately
downstream of the meter.

4.29 Pipework shall be firmly fixed to prevent movement of the flexible joints
within the meter assembly. Adhesive or plastic clamping is not permitted.

4.30 Meters can be fixed horizontally or vertically so long as they are designed to
operate in such orientation and depending on the meters nominal diameter.
Meters of 40mm and larger are generally installed horizontally or according
to the Distribution Companys requirements and manufacturers
recommendations.

Grouping of water meters

4.31 Water meters can be installed in groups of not more than 20 meters.

4.32 Centre-to-centre spacing of meters shall not be less than 170mm for meters
less than 40mm in diameter.

4.33 Multi-meter cabinets for two or four meters can be used with the approval of
the Distribution Company, provided the size is increased to accommodate all
the meters. Centre-to-centre spacing of meters should not be less than

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170mm, and the clearance from the edge of the meter to the cabinet side not
less than 100mm.

Pressure-reducing valves

4.34 Pressure-reducing valves (PRV) shall be used on the upstream side of the
meter if the pressure at that point is likely to exceed 2 bar, or as specified by
the Distribution Company.

4.35 Where required, one pressure-reducing valve shall be installed for each
group of meters located in each floor of the building. This generally applies
to the floors where pressure in the riser pipe feeding individual customers
exceeds 20m water head (2 bar). If the presssure is between 20 to 30m water
head (2-3 bar) then a by-pass line fitted with a gate valve shall be provided
for each PRV. If the pressure is greater than 30m water head (3 bar) then a
by-pass line fitted with a PRV and gate valve on either side shall be provided.
The gate valves on by-pass lines shall be normally closed.

4.36 Each pressure-reducing valve shall have a quick-isolation valve on either


side and shall have provision for both a pressure gauge connection and a
drain cock.

4.37 Pressure-reducing valves may be installed inside the meter cabinet or room.

4.38 The diameter of the distribution pipe from overhead tanks to consumers
shall be gradually reduced if the height of the tanks above kerbstone level is
more than 50 metres.

4.39 Where the water meter is susceptible to regular intermittent supply, the
Distribution Company shall specify an appropriate meter that does not
account for air volumes, or an approved air-venting device must be installed
prior to the meter.

Location of water meters

4.40 Locations shall be individually determined by survey of the existing or


proposed position of the ground water tank in each plot. Such locations
shall be plotted on a scale plan of the sector and the proposed positions of
the meter boxes indicated. The plans shall be submitted to the Distribution
Company for approval.

4.41 The location of the meter box for each plot shall generally be positioned
outside the plot boundary or mounted on the boundary wall at a
standardised height for single supplied properties (for example villas), and

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shall be installed inside the property boundaries for Premises supplied from
a common service connection.

4.42 Meter locations shall be approved by the Distribution Company and meters
should not be installed in any of the following locations:

(a) inside the customer Premises;

(b) inside rooms reserved for other services such as electricity or


telephones, garbage rooms, filter rooms, pump rooms; and

(c) over the top roof of the building where access is by means other than
the main concrete staircases, unless approved by the Distribution
Company.

Meter installation

4.43 The flanged connection shall be drilled according to ISO 7005-2 raised face.
The flange pressure rating shall be as given in the particular specification or
data sheet.

4.44 A straight length of pipeline shall be provided upstream and downstream of


the flow-meter to prevent flow turbulence affecting the accuracy of the flow
measurement.

4.45 The straight length at the inlet of the water meter shall be at least 10 times
the meters nominal diameter, and the length at the outlet shall be at least 5
times the meters nominal diameter.

4.46 The installation of the flow meter shall be such that it is possible to remove
the meter at any time and replace it with the appropriate length of spool
piece.

Setting out

4.47 Prior to final installation and operation of any water meter it shall be
confirmed by the installer that the pipeline, meter body and fittings are free
of debris and potential pollutants.

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5. Service connection

5.1 A water service connection is a water connection performed by the


Distribution Company or performed under the supervision of the
Distribution Company. No other party is allowed to perform this connection
unless authorized by the Distribution Company. The connection is laid from
the water distribution network main pipe by installing a service connection
pipe generally made of polyethylene, including all auxiliary fittings from the
tapping point up to the consumer entry point.

5.2 The most common service connection sizes to households are 20mm, 25mm
and 32mm in diameter, made from MDPE (Medium Density Polyethylene
Pipe). Distribution Companies shall ensure that under normal operating
conditions water is supplied at reasonable demand with minimum pressure
of 1.25 bar (12.5 metres) measured at the main supply pipe to the customer.
The Distribution Company shall evaluate the size of the connection with
consideration to friction losses for long service connections.

5.3 Diagrams illustrating the various connection arrangements are included in


Annex D. Detailed drawings shall be submitted in accordance with Annex A.

Standard service connection

5.4 Service connections are provided to consumers when the distribution main
is available in the vicinity of the plot. Temporary supply through other
means may however be offered in accordance with the Distribution
Companys existing policy and arrangements.

5.5 Fittings for polyethylene service connection pipes such as tees, connectors,
adaptors, elbows, couplings etc. shall be compression type or push-fit type
as per the particular specifications.

5.6 The size of the service connection will only be determined by the Distribution
Company. For guidance, the standard service connections for villas and
houses are normally of sizes 15, 20, 25, 32, 40 or 50mm nominal bore
diameter, and predominantly 20mm.

5.7 MDPE service connections pipes and fittings are used for the available
pressure found in the network; however, HDPE may be used in certain high-
pressure systems (9 bar and above), and in connections larger than 65mm in
diameter. Only DI fittings (puddle flanges, spigot pieces, flange adapters and
spool pieces) shall be used inside the chambers for connections larger than

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65mm and they shall be in accordance with ADWEA standard technical
specifications.

Service connection tapping

5.8 Service connections are generally tapped to a distribution main using


ferrules of size 15, 20, 25, 32, 40 and 50mm by installing the polyethylene
service connection pipe (including all auxiliary fittings) from the tapping
point up to the consumer water entry point.

5.9 Saddle straps with a flat boss shall be installed on the main water pipeline.
The tapping to the pipeline shall be done though the saddle strap using a
tapping machine approved by the Distribution Company. Screw-down
ferrules shall be fitted to the saddle straps. The ferrule valve shall be closed
until the service connection work is completed and tested.

Water service connection pipes

5.10 Water service pipe material is classified to two nominal sizes; up to 65mm
nominal diameter and 65mm and above. The requirements in respect of
pipes and pipe specifications are included in Annex B. The Distribution
Companys approval is needed prior to making any pipe material selection
from the list below.

(a) Water service pipes less than 65mm in diameter shall be of one of the
following:

(i) Medium Density Polyethylene Pipes (MDPE) PE 80 (The most


common type of service connection pipe used by the
Distribution Companies);

(ii) High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) PE 100 may be used in high-


pressure systems;

(b) Water service connection pipes of 65mm diameter and larger shall be
of one of the following:

(i) High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipes and fittings to ISO


4427 Parts1, 2, 3 and 5 type PE 100 and ADWEA Standard
Specification for Water Works No. W-P-SS-005. Medium
Density Polyethylene Pipes (MDPE) PE 80 may be used in low-
pressure systems;

(ii) ductile iron pipes and fittings to ISO 2531 or equivalent; and

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5.11 Polyethylene pipe shall be laid without joints or unnecessary bends from the
ferrule up to the consumer entry point. Connectors, bends and adaptors
shall be provided as necessary. The polyethylene pipe shall be installed in a
uPVC protection pipe (duct) class 10 for protection and ease of maintenance.
The uPVC pipe shall be 110mm in diameter for 15 and 20mm polyethylene
pipes, and 160mm in diameter for 25, 32, 40 and 50mm polyethylene pipes,
or as required by the Distribution Company.

5.12 uPVC protection pipe shall be provided in all green and unpaved areas. In
sidewalk and paved areas, the uPVC protection pipe shall be encased in
reinforced concrete. Warning tape shall be provided over the polyethylene
pipe/uPVC protection pipe in green and unpaved areas.

Service connection fittings

5.13 Gate Valves shall be provided for all types of service connection to allow for
the isolation of the customer connection. The valve shall be installed at a
point as near as possible to the tapping point. For 15, 20, 25 and 32mm
service connections, the gate valve shall be installed in a concrete chamber
or in a GRP cabinet. For connections equal to or greater than 40 mm (1),
the gate valve shall be installed in the concrete meter chamber, or as
specified by the Distribution Company.

5.14 For 15, 20, 25 and 32mm service connections, GRP water meter cabinets
fixed as described in Clause 4.20 shall be provided. The cabinet shall
contain water meter, valves and fittings as described in Clause 4.28. The
portion of the polyethylene service connection pipe between the finished
surface level and the GRP water meter cabinet shall be protected with 40mm
polyethylene protection tube fixed to the wall using 2 No. brass clamps.

5.15 For connections greater than 40mm (1) the following arrangement shall
apply:

(a) For 40 and 50mm service connections either GRP water meter cabinet
or concreate chamber shall be provided containing water meter,
valves and fittings as described in Clause 28.

(b) For service connections larger than 50mm concrete chamber shall be
provided containing water meter, valves and fittings as described in
Clause 28.

(c) Externally-installed meters shall be housed as described in Clause


4.17 and 4.18. If the GRP water meter cabinet is used it shall be

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provided with a remote read-out unit. If concrete chamber is used a
meter reading display unit shall be provided which shall be fixed to
/recessed in the boundary wall of the consumer plot/Prmises.

(d) The internal plan dimensions of chamber for different sizes of service
connections shall be as follows or as agreed by the Distribution
Company:

(i) 400 x 400 x 400 mm or 600 x 600 x 400 mm for 15, 20, 25 and
32mm service connections.

(ii) 1200 x 800 x 400 mm for 40mm service connection

(iii) For service connections equal to or larger than 50mm the


chamber size shall be as per ADWEA standard specification
and drawings.

5.16 Concrete pulling boxes shall be provided at locations where the polyethylene
service connection pipe changes direction at a 90 angle, or as instructed by
the Distribution Company.

5.17 All concrete chambers for service connection shall have a ductile iron or
aluminium cover as specified by the Distribution Company.

5.18 The top level of the chambers shall be raised or lowered according to the
level of the nearest sidewalk or road kerbstone.

Service connection terminal points

5.19 The polyethylene service connection pipe shall be terminated within a


chamber or meter cabinet, or as instructed by the Distribution Company.

5.20 Fittings required for service connection are dependent on the type of
connection. The connections in general are terminated with a gate valve and
a water meter.

Service connection to HDPE

5.21 MDPE service connections to HDPE pipelines shall be made using electro-
fusion tee branches and MDPE pipe. Joints can be made either by electro-
fusion or butt-fusion in accordance with the Distribution
Companys/manufacturers recommendations.

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Bulk consumers service connection

5.22 Bulk consumers such as palaces, commercial and industrial Premises shall
be provided with a suitably-sized service connection approved by the
Distribution Company.

Tee-connection

5.23 For bulk water consumers, a service connection could be arranged by using
a Tee-connection from the distribution main. Such connections are generally
100mm and above in size. Connections larger than 150mm in diameter
should be valved.

5.24 Each bulk consumer measuring point shall be equipped with the following
as a minimum:

(a) provision for installing flow measuring instruments; and

(b) a sample valve which can be used as an air vent.

Piping arrangements

5.25 The piping arrangements for installation, shall be followed as defined within
the relevant sections of ADWEA Water Works Standard Specification for the
construction, testing and commissioning of piping works and systems for
ductile iron, MDPE and HDPE shall be followed.

Type of service connections

5.26 There are two types of service connections:

(a) temporary made to the Premises for a limited period and as


approved by the Distribution Company; and

(b) permanent made to the Premises after completing the connection


arrangement.

5.27 Connections can be divided according to the intended use:


(a) residential;

(b) commercial;

(c) industrial;

(d) agricultural;

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(e) institutional;

(f) recreational; and

(g) others.

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6. Approvals, inspection, safety and
quality control

Approval of water fittings

6.1 For the purpose of ensuring that Water Fittings comply with this guide,
Customers, Responsible Persons, fittings suppliers or manufacturers' agents
shall apply in writing and, if required to do so, shall submit standard
samples of pipes, fittings, and apparatus, etc to the Distribution Company
for approval of their products.

Inspection and testing

6.2 The Distribution Company reserves the right to inspect the water fitting
installation on the Premises at any time during work progress to ensure the
requirements under this Guide are complied with.

Quality control

6.3 A copy of the quality assurance/quality control programme or QA/QC


Certificate shall be submitted to the Distribution Company if it is deemed
necessary to ensure the Responsible Person has in place a quality control
system compliant with ISO 9001 or equivalent.

6.4 The Distribution Company has the right to ensure that hygiene procedures
related to the installation of water fittings are followed during work carried
out by the Responsible Person. The Distribution Company may request that
individuals involved in the work undergo a qualification test prepared in
accordance with the Distribution Companys practices and standards to
ensure a satisfactory standard of work is delivered.

Safety requirements

6.5 All necessary precautions shall be taken to ensure the safety of personnel
and property. Work practices shall comply with applicable national or local
codes, regulations and safety orders and practices of the Distribution
Company covering working conditions, trenching, hoisting, scaffolding,
clothing, fire and explosion hazards, safety equipment, solvents, chemicals,
lighting, venting and grounding of tanks.

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6.6 Rags and other waste material soiled with paints, thinners or solvents shall
be kept in tightly-closed metal containers while not in use, and disposed of
in an environmentally appropriate fashion once the work is completed.

6.7 Extreme precautions shall be taken when working with paint materials,
cleaning fluids etc, especially in close proximity to oxygen piping or oxygen
equipment. Heavy concentrations of volatile or toxic fumes shall be avoided.
When working in confined areas, blowers or exhaust fans shall be used.

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Annexes

Annex A : Drawing approval requirements........................................................... 70


Documents and procedure required for drawing approval ............................................70

Annex B : Pipes and fittings specifications ........................................................... 72


Pipes ................................................................................................................................72
Polyethylene pipes and fittings ..............................................................................72
Ductile iron pipes and fittings ................................................................................73
Polypropylene random (PP-R) pipes and fittings ..................................................73
Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes and fittings .............................................73
Service connection fittings (mechanical) .........................................................................74
Compression fittings ..............................................................................................74
Push-fit fittings .......................................................................................................74
Saddle straps ..........................................................................................................75
Ferrules ...................................................................................................................75
Stop Valves (medium pattern)................................................................................76
Gate valve ...............................................................................................................77
Lockable ball valve .................................................................................................77
Non-return valve ....................................................................................................78
Drill tap ..................................................................................................................78
Draw-off taps ..........................................................................................................78
GRP wall-mounted water meter boxes...................................................................78
Jointing materials and compounds.........................................................................79

Annex C : List of standards and specifications relevant to this guide ................... 81


Codes and regulations .....................................................................................................81
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ....................................................81
Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) standard specifications ............82
British Standards .............................................................................................................82

Annex D : Diagrams ................................................................................................ 86

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Annex A: Drawing approval requirements

Documents and procedure required for drawing approval

A.1 Fill in a water connection application or a form for internal water


distribution (available from the Distribution Company).

A.2 Submit a detailed overall drawing showing building (Riser/Diagram) as well


as horizontal plans for the buildings floors including architectural details.

A.3 Details shall include the following:

(a) location and size of the main connection chamber;

(b) size and type of the pipes feeding the ground tanks, the encasing
sleeves and float valves;

(c) locations, dimension and actual net capacity for ground and overhead
water tanks with water piping details;

(d) location of tanks access covers, type of access covers and respective
sizes;

(e) location and size of tanks sump pit and drain pit if any;

(f) sizes of tanks ventilation pipes, roof cistern overflow pipes, distribution
pipes;

(g) state head and duty of water-lifting pumps to roof cistern and booster
pumps to specific building floor/water utility locations;

(h) show head and duty of tanks drainage pumps and drain location;

(i) location of firefighting pumps;

(j) location of water meters and housing rooms or meter boxes; and

(k) details of vertical cross sections showing dimensions of levels, material


types and capacity for:

(i) water tanks;

(ii) main connection chamber;

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(iii) meter cabinets;

(iv) single line diagram for water pumps; and

(v) single line diagrams for water tanks complete with internal
distribution system.

A.4 Use the metric system of units in drawings except for tank capacities, which
shall be stated both in imperial gallons and litres.

A.5 Unless otherwise specified, the recorded water tank capacities in drawings
shall be the actual water capacities, not volumes.

A.6 Attach a water meter schedule with details of floor no., unit name, no. of
units/floor; meter size, cumulative horizontal meters, meter type and total
no. of meters (commercial buildings).

A.7 Unless specified by the Distribution Company, approval of preliminary


drawings is valid for a maximum of one year; otherwise a re-approval
request shall be submitted.

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Annex B: Pipes and fittings specifications

Pipes

Polyethylene pipes and fittings

B.1 Polyethylene service connection pipes and fittings shall be black PE80
medium-density polyethylene pipes (MDPE) and shall comply with the
requirements of ISO 4427 Parts 1, 2, 3 and 5 or EN 12201 Parts 1, 2, 3 and
5. The pipes shall have a SDR (standard dimension ratio) of 11.

B.2 The polyethylene pipes and fittings shall be suitable for use above ground
and underground for conveying potable water at a working pressure of up to
12 bar. Connection by fusion is the recommended method of joining
polyethylene pipes wherever possible.

B.3 The polyethylene pipe shall meet the minimum requirements of the following
specification:

(a) minimum density measured according to ISO 1183-2 shall be between


945 and 955kg/m3;

(b) melt flow rate measured according to ISO 1133-1 with a 5kg load shall
be between 0.75 and 0.95g/10min;

(c) tensile strength at yield, measured according to ISO 6259 shall be at


least 18MPa;

(d) elongation at break, measured according to ISO 6259 Parts 1 and 2


shall be at least 350%; and

(e) thermal stability, as measured by the oxidation induction time, in


accordance with ISO 11357-6 and at a temperature of 200C shall be a
minimum of 20 minutes.

B.4 The pipes shall be manufactured from polyethylene containing only those
antioxidants, carbon black and other additives necessary for the
manufacturing of the pipes and conforming to the requirements of ADWEA
and international specifications.

B.5 If reworked material is added or used, it shall be clean, derived from the
same resin, reground under the supervision of the same manufacturer, and
shall be compatible with the material to which it is added.

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B.6 The material of the polyethylene pipe which is in contact with or likely to
come into contact with wholesome water shall not constitute a toxic hazard,
shall not support microbial growth and shall not give rise to unpleasant
taste, odour, cloudiness or discoloration of the water.

B.7 The concentration of substances, chemical and biological agents leached


from materials in contact with potable water, and measurement of the
relevant organoleptic/physical parameters, shall not exceed the maximum
values recommended by the World Health Organisation in its "Guidelines for
Drinking Water Quality" or the EEC Council Directive on the "Quality of
Water Intended for Human Consumption", whichever is more stringent in
each case.

B.8 Polyethylene pipes shall be clearly marked at intervals of one metre


indicating the manufacturers name, nominal diameter, standard number,
pipe class, pressure rating and date of pipe manufacture. The word "WATER"
shall also be marked every one metre. The marking shall be by means of
paint or engraved marks. All markings shall be blue in colour. The pipes
shall be supplied in coils of 150m and shall be kept shaded at all times. The
coils shall be wrapped and shall not be exposed to direct sunlight.

Ductile iron pipes and fittings

B.9 Ductile iron pipes, fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should
conform to ADWEA Standard Specification for Water Works No. W-P-SS-001
or to ISO 2531 or equivalent BS.

Polypropylene random copolymer (PP-R) pipes and fittings

B.10 PP-R pipes, fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should conform to
BS EN 1852 (Specification of Polypropylene Pipes and Fittings), BS EN ISO
15874 (Specification for Polypropylene Pipes for Hot and Cold Water) or an
equivalent international standard.

Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes and fittings

B.11 PP-X pipes, fittings and jointing of the pipes and fittings should conform to
BS 7291-1, BS 7291-3, ISO 15875 and AWWA C904. Other relevant
standards for PEX and PEX Systems include:

(a) ASTM F876 -Materials, Dimensions and Performance for Tube

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(b) ASTM F877 -Performance Standard for Tube/Fitting Systems

(c) ASTM F2023 -Chlorine Resistance test method

(d) ASTM F2657 UV Resistance test method

(e) AWWA C 904 Standard for PEX service lines

Service connection fittings (mechanical)

B.12 Fittings for polyethylene service connection pipes such as tees, connectors,
adaptors, elbows, couplings, etc shall be compression type or push-fit type,
as per the particular specifications.

Compression fittings

B.13 Compression fittings shall meet the requirements of BS EN 1254-1, BS EN


1254-2.

B.14 Compression fittings shall be made from gunmetal to BS EN 1982. The


fittings shall be suitable for direct connection to polyethylene pipes. The
compression ring shall be of EPDM and suitable for potable water.

B.15 The thread shall be BSP to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21. The inserts shall be of
copper and male/female fittings shall be chamfered to aid assembly and to
avoid the crossing of threads.

B.16 The fittings shall be capable of sustaining a working pressure of up to 16 bar


without leakage.

B.17 The rubber compression rings shall be reusable at least 10 times.

B.18 The fittings shall be resistant to pull-out. No solvent welding shall be used in
assembly.

Push-fit fittings

B.19 Push-fit fittings shall be suitable for use in underground and above-ground
installations, and shall be compatible with polyethylene pipes. The fitting
shall consist of a body with internal taper, grip ring for end load resistance,
'O' ring for water tightness seal and liner. The fittings shall be suitable for
working pressure of up to 16 bar without leakage.

B.20 The fittings shall be of acetyl or polypropylene material supplied complete


with pre-assembled and captive grip ring and 'O' ring. The grip ring shall be

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made of acetyl and the 'O' ring of EPDM. The seal of the joint shall be made
using water pressure as a thrust medium and no other tools or nuts shall be
used to obtain a watertight joint.

B.21 The ends of the polyethylene pipe shall be marked at two locations
corresponding to the two points of resistance provided by the grip ring and
the 'O' ring.

B.22 Extractor tools for the dismantling of push-fit fittings shall be supplied with
the fittings. Five sets of metal extractor tools shall be supplied with each
consignment. The tools shall be suitable for the diameter and type of push-
fit fittings supplied.

B.23 The push-fit fittings shall carry the name of manufacturer, size and
standard number.

Saddle straps

B.24 Saddle straps for service connections shall be of the flat-boss type suitable
for tapping up to 2" diameter ferrule or equivalent. The strap shall be
suitable for making service connections under pressure or dry, using an
approved tapping machine into DI, AC, Steel or PVC pipes. The saddle shall
be of two parts fitted with an EPDM sealing gasket in a groove on the
underside of the flat boss.

B.25 The flat boss shall be cast with a hole or marking through the boss to
facilitate the drilling and tapping process. The straps shall be supplied
undrilled. If required by the Distribution Company, the saddle strap may be
used as a blanking strap to seal existing holes in the water pipelines after
the removal of existing service connections.

B.26 The saddle strap shall be of gunmetal to BS EN 1982, with stainless steel
nuts, bolts and washer to ISO 3506, and shall be suitable for a working
pressure of up to 16 bar. The name of manufacturer, patent number, pipe
diameter for which the strap is suitable, and pipe material shall be engraved
on the saddle strap.

Ferrules

B.27 Ferrules shall be the screw-down valve type allowing for the shut-off of the
flow by means of a " square head spindle extending from the top cap for
opening and closing. The valve shall close clockwise.

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B.28 The ferrule outlet shall be a push-fit type or compression type to fit
polyethylene service connection pipes.

B.29 The ferrule stem, banjo, spindle, inner plug and top cap shall be of gunmetal
to BS EN 1982. The washers shall be of EPDM and shall provide the sealing
between the outer body and the ferrule stem. The ingress of dirt shall be
prohibited by a polyethylene top plug.

B.30 The ferrule shall be designed as a main stem with a 360 swivel outlet at 90
with control of water flow via the threaded inner plug. The inlet shall be a
male taper thread to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21.

B.31 The ferrule shall be suitable for potable water at a temperature of up to 45C
and capable of sustaining a working pressure of up to 16 bar without
leakage.

B.32 The ferrule shall permit the installation of service connections using under-
pressure tapping through flat-boss saddle straps.

B.33 The name of the manufacturer, standard number and patent number shall
be engraved on the body.

Stop Valves (medium pattern)

B.34 The Stop Valve shall be of the medium pattern type with female ends,
manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of BS 5433.
The spindle shall be fitted with a brass crutch head. The valve shall be
manufactured according to the following specifications:

B.35 The body, valve head and spindle head shall be manufactured from
gunmetal to BS EN 1982.

B.36 The head works, consisting of the spindle, gland nut and washer plate shall
be manufactured from brass to BS EN 12165, and the washer plate nut in
gunmetal.

(a) the washer shall be manufactured from EPDM rubber to BS 3457;

(b) the sealing between the valve body and head shall be achieved by the
provision of an EPDM rubber head seal;

(c) the packing between the spindle and the valve head shall consist of one
piece of PTFE impregnated graphite aramid fibre valve packer;

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(d) the Stop Valve shall withstand a working pressure of 16 bar without
leakage;

(e) the valve shall close clockwise; and

(f) the name of the manufacturer, patent number and flow direction shall
be engraved on the body.

Gate valve

B.37 The gate valve shall be of the non-rising stem type with female ends,
manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of BS 5154/
BS EN 12288. The spindle shall be fitted with a handwheel. The valve shall
be manufactured according to the following specifications:

(a) the body and valve gate/wedge shall be manufactured from gunmetal
to BS EN 1982;

(b) the gate valve handwheel shall be of aluminium;

(c) the gate valve shall withstand a working pressure of 16 bar without
leakage; and

(d) the valve shall close clockwise.

B.38 The name of the manufacturer, patent number and flow direction shall be
engraved on the body.

Lockable ball valve

B.39 The service water meter, where installed in a wall-mounted GRP meter box,
shall be isolated by a lockable ball valve. The valve body shall be made of
brass and suitable for a working pressure of up to 16 bar without leakage.
Valve materials shall be as follows:

(a) valve body brass to BS EN 12165 or BS EN 12163, BS EN 12164, BS


EN 12167;

(b) ball nickel-plated brass;

(c) sealing PTFE;

(d) 'O' ring viton; and

(e) retaining ring brass.

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B.40 The valve shall be suitable for water temperatures up to 45C. The valve
ends shall be female threaded ends BSP to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21. All valves
shall be supplied with a lock and a master key. One key shall be provided for
every 20 valves supplied.

B.41 The name of the manufacturer, patent number and flow direction arrow
shall be engraved on the body.

Non-return valve

B.42 Non-return valves shall be of gunmetal to BS EN 1982. The valves shall be


suitable for a working pressure of up to 16 bar without leakage.

B.43 The valve ends shall be female threaded ends BSP to BS EN 10226-1/BS 21.
The valves shall be suitable for horizontal and vertical upward flow
installation.

B.44 The name of the manufacturer, patent number and flow direction arrow
shall be engraved on the body.

Drill tap

B.45 Drill taps should be suitable for use with ductile iron water pipes, combined
drill and tap with BSP thread to BS 21/BS EN 10226-1, specially hardened,
given a hardness range of 63 degree Rockwell for Talbot pressure tapping
machine and for insertion of swivel balancing ferrule.

B.46 Drill bit size should be " standard pattern. Cup drill and taps size 1 "
BSPP-11 TPI-for Machine No 2.

Draw-off taps

B.47 Every metal-bodied or plastic-bodied tap or draining tap shall comply with
the relevant requirements of BS EN 200 or 2879 or approved equivalent
standard.

GRP wall-mounted water meter boxes

B.48 The water meter box shall be of robust construction of GRP with a UV
stabiliser gelcoat. The box shall have a lockable main door and a water meter
reading/inspection lockable door to enable meter reading without opening
the main door. One set of master keys shall be provided for every 20 meter
boxes supplied, with a minimum of one set.

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B.49 The box shall be fixed to the wall using stainless steel expansion bolts of a
minimum 10mm diameter.

(a) body high-class GRP, wall thickness 3mm;

(b) size 600 x 250 x 200mm (Length x Width x Depth), or as instructed


by the Distribution Company;

(c) colour as approved by the Distribution Company prior to ordering;

(d) hinges stainless steel;

(e) locking main door: two locks with square key, water meter reading
door: one lock with square key;

(f) window toughened clear glass (replaceable) bedded in rubber


grommet;

(g) text Water Meter (in both Arabic and English, as approved by the
Distribution Company); and

(h) accessory each box shall be manufactured complete with the


following:

(i) rubber grommet installed in groove at the main door (all


around) to make the box water- and dustproof;

(ii) brass clamps (2 Nos.), incl. 8mm diameter SS bolts, nuts and
washers;

(iii) each box shall be supplied with 4 No. 10mm diameter stainless
steel expansion bolts and washers for wall fixing; and

(iv) the box shall be provided with vent and drain holes.

Jointing materials and compounds

B.50 Soft solder for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy water fittings
should consist of Tin/Copper, Alloy No. 23 or 24, or Tin/Silver, Alloy No.28
or 29, complying with BS EN ISO 9453.

B.51 Silver solder or silver brazing filler metals and copper-phosphors brazing
filler metals for capillary jointing of copper or copper alloy pipes should
conform to BS EN ISO 17672, Table 2; Group AG (AG14or AG20) or Table 3:
Group CP (CP1 to CP6), respectively.

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B.52 Silver solder or silver brazing material for capillary jointing of stainless steel
pipes should be cadmium-free.

B.53 Jointing compounds used for sealing screwed water fittings should comply
with BS 6956: Part 5.

B.54 Unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) tape (PTFE) tape for thread-


sealing applications should comply with BS EN 751-3, and the material
should also satisfy the requirements of BS 6920: Part 1.

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Annex C: List of standards and
specifications relevant to this guide

Codes and regulations


Code The Water Distribution Code
Code The Metering and Data Exchange Code
Code Code of Practice for the Inspection and Cleaning of Customer Water Storage Tanks
Regulations The Water Quality Regulations
Regulations The Customer Metering Regulations
Regulations The Water Supply Regulations

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)


ISO 161-1 Thermoplastic pipes for the conveyance of fluids Nominal outside diameter and nominal
pressure Part 1: Metric series
ISO 1133-1 Plastics - Determination of the melt mass-flow rate (MFR) and melt volume-flow rate (MVR) of
thermoplastics - Part 1: Standard method
ISO 1183-2 Plastics - Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics -- Part 2: Density gradient
column method
ISO 2531 Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water applications
ISO 3506-1 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 1: Bolts, screws and
studs
ISO 3506-2 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 2: Nuts
ISO 3506-3 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 3: Set screws and
similar fasteners not under tensile stress
ISO 3506-4 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners - Part 4: Tapping screws
ISO 4014 Hexagon head bolts Product grades A and B
ISO 4032 Hexagon regular nuts (style 1) Product grades A and B
ISO 4064-1 Water meters for cold potable water and hot water - Part 1: Metrological and technical
requirements
ISO 4427-1 Plastics piping systems -- Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings for water supply - Part 1: General
ISO 4427-2 Plastics piping systems -- Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings for water supply - Part 2: Pipes
ISO 4427-3 Plastics piping systems -- Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings for water supply - Part 3: Fittings
ISO 4427-5 Plastics piping systems -- Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings for water supply - Part 5: Fitness
for purpose of the system
ISO 4633 Rubber Seals Joint rings for water supply, drainage and sewerage pipelines Specification for
materials
ISO 7005-2 Metallic flanges -- Part 2: Cast iron flanges
ISO 9000 Quality management systems -- Fundamentals and vocabulary
ISO 11922-1 Thermoplastic pipes for the conveyance of fluids Dimensions and tolerances Part: 1: Metric
series
ISO 12162 Thermoplastic materials for pipes and fittings for pressure applications Classification,
designation and design coefficient
ISO 17855-1 Plastics -- Polyethylene (PE) moulding and extrusion materials - Part 1: Designation system and
basis for specifications
ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems - Requirements with guidance for use

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Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) standard specifications
W-C-SS-007 Specification for Concrete Reservoirs
W-C-SS-012 Specification for Water Supply Systems
W-C-SS-015 Specification for Non-Toxicity Requirements for Paints and Coatings
W-P-SS-001 Specification for Ductile Iron Pipes, Fittings and Accessories
W-P-SS-003 Specification for Stainless Steel Piping Materials
W-P-SS-006 Specification for uPVC Pipes, Fittings and Accessories
W-P-SS-016 Specification for Construction Testing and Commissioning of uPVC Piping Systems
W-P-SS-008 Specification for Water Service Connection Materials & Installation
W-M-SS-012 Specification for Carbon Steel Bolted Tanks
W-M-SS-013 Specification for GRP Bolted Tanks

British Standards
BS 21 Pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads
(metric).
BS EN 10226-1 Pipe threads where pressure tight joints are made on the threads. Taper external threads
and parallel internal threads. Dimensions, tolerances and designation
BS 143 and 1256 Malleable cast iron and cast copper alloy threaded pipe fittings
BS 143 and 1256 Threaded pipe fittings in malleable cast iron and cast copper alloy
BS 1212-1 Float operated valves. Specification for piston type float operated valves (copper alloy
body) (excluding floats)
BS 1212-2 Float operated valves. Specification for diaphragm type float operated valves (copper
alloy body) (excluding floats)
BS 1212-3: Float operated valves. Specification for diaphragm type float operated valves (plastics
bodied) for cold water services only (excluding floats)
BS 417-2 Specification for galvanized low carbon steel cisterns, cistern lids, tanks and cylinders.
Metric units
BS 534 Steel pipes and specials for water and sewage
BS EN 10311 Joints for the connection of steel tubes and fittings for the conveyance of water and other
aqueous liquids
BS EN 10224 Non-alloy steel tubes and fittings for the conveyance of water and other aqueous liquids.
Technical delivery conditions
BS 1566-1+A1 Copper indirect cylinders for domestic purposes. Open vented copper cylinders.
Requirements and test methods
BS EN 1254-1 Copper and copper alloys. Plumbing fittings. Fittings with ends for capillary soldering or
capillary brazing to copper tubes
BS EN 1254-2 Copper and copper alloys. Plumbing fittings. Fittings with compression ends for use with
copper tubes
BS EN 1254-3 Copper and copper alloys. Plumbing fittings. Fittings with compression ends for use with
plastics pipes
BS EN 10255 Non-alloy steel tubes suitable for welding and threading. Technical delivery conditions
BS EN 1301-1 Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Drawn wire. Technical conditions for inspection and
delivery
BS EN 1301-2 Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Drawn wire. Mechanical properties
BS EN 1301-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Drawn wire. Tolerances on dimensions
BS 1564 Pressed steel sectional rectangular tanks
BS 1710 Identification of pipelines and services
BS EN 10241 Steel threaded pipe fittings
BS EN 10253-1 Butt-welding pipe fittings. Wrought carbon steel for general use and without specific
inspection requirements
BS EN 10253-2 Butt-welding pipe fittings. Non alloy and ferritic alloy steels with specific inspection
requirements
BS 1968 Floats for ball valves (copper)
BS EN 12201-1 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.

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Polyethylene (PE). General
BS EN 12201-2 +A1 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.
Polyethylene (PE). Pipes
BS EN 12201-5 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.
Polyethylene (PE) . Fitness for purpose of the system
BS 2456 Specification for floats (plastics) for float operated valves for cold water services
BS 7874 Method of test for microbiological deterioration of elastomeric seals for joints in pipework
and pipelines
BS EN 681-1 Elastomeric seals. Material requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage
applications. Vulcanized rubber
BS EN 681-2 Elastomeric seals. Material requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and drainage
applications. Thermoplastic elastomers
BS EN 682 Elastomeric seals. Materials requirements for seals used in pipes and fi ttings carrying
gas and hydrocarbon fluids
BS EN 1057+A1 Copper and copper alloys. Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in sanitary
and heating applications
BS EN 12420 Copper and copper alloys. Forgings
BS EN 12165 Copper and copper alloys. Wrought and unwrought forging stock
BS EN ISO 1452-1 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and
sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride) (PVC U). General
BS EN ISO 1452-2 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and
sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride) (PVC U). Pipes
BS EN ISO 1452-3 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and
sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride) (PVC-U). Fittings
BS EN ISO 1452-4 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and
sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride) (PVC U). Valves
BS EN ISO 1452-5 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and
sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride) (PVC U). Fitness for purpose
of the system
BS 4213 Cisterns for domestic use. Cold water storage and combined feed and expansion
(thermoplastic) cisterns up to 500 l. Specification
BS 4346/BS EN 1452 uPVC Joint and Fittings for Cold Potable Water
BS EN 1092-1+A1 Flanges and their joints. Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN
designated. Steel flanges
BS EN 1092-2 Flanges and their joints. Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN
designated. Cast iron flanges
BS EN 1092-3 Flanges and their joints. Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN
designated. Copper alloy flanges
BS EN 598+A1 Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for sewerage applications.
Requirements and test methods
BS EN 969 Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for gas pipelines. Requirements
and test methods
BS EN 545 Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water pipelines. Requirements
and test methods
BS 5388 Spray taps
BS 5433 Underground Stop Valves for water services
BS EN 14364 Plastics piping systems for drainage and sewerage with or without pressure. Glass-
reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP).
Specifications for pipes, fittings and joints
BS EN 1796 Plastics piping systems for water supply with or without pressure. Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP)
BS 5505 Bidets Part 3: Vitreous china bidets, over-rim supply only
BS EN 14154-1+A2 Water meters. General requirements
BS 5834-4 Surface boxes, guards and underground chambers for the purposes of utilities.
Specification for utility chambers

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BS 6501-1 Metal hose assemblies. Guidance on the construction and use of corrugated hose
assemblies
BS EN ISO 10380 Pipework. Corrugated metal hoses and hose assemblies
BS EN 12201-1 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.
Polyethylene (PE). General
BS EN 12201-2 +A1 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.
Polyethylene (PE). Pipes
BS EN 12201-5 Plastics piping systems for water supply, and for drainage and sewerage under pressure.
Polyethylene (PE) . Fitness for purpose of the system
BS EN 806-1 Specifications for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption.
General
BS EN 806-2 Specifications for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption.
Design
BS EN 806-3 Design, installation, testing and maintenance of services supplying water for domestic use
within buildings and their curtilages Specification
BS EN 806-4 Specifications for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption.
Installation
BS EN 806-5 Specifications for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption.
Operation and maintenance
BS 8558 Guide to the design, installation, testing and maintenance of services supplying water for
domestic use within buildings and their curtilages. Complementary guidance to BS EN
806
BS 6920-1 Suitability of non-metallic products for use in contact with water intended for human
consumption with regard to their effect on the quality of the water. Specification
BS 7181 Specification for storage cisterns up to 500 L actual capacity for water supply for domestic
purposes
BS 7291-1 Thermoplastics pipe and fitting systems for hot and cold water for domestic purposes and
heating installations in buildings. General requirements
BS EN 1057+A1 Copper and copper alloys. Seamless, round copper tubes for water and gas in sanitary
and heating applications
BS EN 1982 Copper and copper alloys. Ingots and castings
BS EN 13280 Specification for glass fibre reinforced cisterns of one-piece and sectional construction, for
the storage, above ground, of cold water
BS EN 1992-3 Eurocode 2. Design of concrete structures. Liquid retaining and containing structures
BS EN 14620-3 Design and manufacture of site built, vertical, cylindrical, flat-bottomed steel tanks for the
storage of refrigerated, liquefied gases with operating temperatures between 0C and -
165C. Concrete components
BS EN 14620-4 Design and manufacture of site built, vertical, cylindrical, flat-bottomed steel tanks for the
storage of refrigerated, liquefied gases with operating temperatures between 0C and -
165C. Insulation components
BS EN 12620+A1 Aggregates for concrete
BS EN 13101 Steps for underground man entry chambers. Requirements, marking, testing and
evaluation of conformity
BS EN 124, Parts 1-6 Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas. Design requirements,
type testing, marking, quality control
BS EN 12163 Copper and copper alloys. Rod for general purposes
BS EN 12167 Copper and copper alloys. Profiles and bars for general purposes
BS EN 12164 Copper and copper alloys. Rod for free machining purposes
BS 7291-1 Thermoplastics pipe and fitting systems for hot and cold water for domestic purposes and
heating installations in buildings General requirements
BS 7291-2 Thermoplastics pipe and fitting systems for hot and cold water for domestic purposes and
heating installations in buildings Specification for polybutylene (PB) pipe and associated
fittings
BS 7291-3 Thermoplastics pipe and fitting systems for hot and cold water for domestic purposes and
heating installations in buildings. Specification for crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes

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and associated fittings
BS 5154 Specification for copper alloy globe, globe stop and check, check and gate valves
BS EN 12288 Industrial valves. Copper alloy gate valves
BS EN 200 Sanitary tapware. Single taps and combination taps for water supply systems of type 1
and type 2. General technical specification
BS 2879 Specification for draining taps (screw-down pattern)
BS EN ISO 9453 Soft solder alloys. Chemical compositions and forms
BS EN ISO 17672 Brazing. Filler metals
BS 6920-1 Suitability of non-metallic materials and products for use in contact with water intended for
human consumption with regard to their effect on the quality of the water. Specification
BS 6956-5 Jointing materials and compounds. Specification for jointing compounds for use with
water, low pressure saturated steam, 1st family gases (excluding coal gas) and 2nd family
gases
BS EN 751-3 Sealing materials for metallic threaded joints in contact with 1st, 2nd and 3rd family gases
and hot water. Unsintered PTFE tapes

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Annex D: Diagrams

D.1.- Typical arrangement for small-size connections up to 32mm in diameter


such as villa, shabiat or other similar low-rise Premises, from the main
distribution pipe to customer Premises with ground tank and by-pass
arrangements. (Inadequate pressure)

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements.

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D.2 - Typical connection arrangement for water service connection of 40mm
diameter and above from the main distribution pipe to a customer low-rise
Premises with ground tank and by-pass arrangement. (Inadequate pressure)

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements.

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D3- Typical connection arrangement for various size connections from the
main distribution pipe to multi-tenanted commercial high-rise building
Premises with ground tank (metered internally [see-diagram no. D6])

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements. A test meter fitting as specified by the
Distribution Company shall be allowed for in the Valve Chamber.

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D4- Typical connection arrangement for various connection sizes between
ground and roof tank in high-rise buildings.

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements. Flow-control devices shall be suitable for
the system application.

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D5- Typical connection arrangement for various connection sizes from the
main distribution pipe to a low-rise single occupancy building (metered
externally) provided there is sufficient pressure to roof tank. (Adequate
pressure)

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements.

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D6- Typical internal connection arrangement for a high-rise building (metered
internally).

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements. Metering for building services and shops
shall be in accordance with the approved floor plan.
The valves layout in meter cabinet shall be fitted with pressure-reducing valve where applicable and
the valve cabinet location may change subject to the Distribution Companys approval.

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D7- Typical connection arrangement for certain applications such as hotels
and hospitals (metered externally).

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. All drawings shall be submitted in accordance with
Annex A of the Guide complete with all details. It should be noted that this part of the system shall
comply with Distribution Company specific arrangements.

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D8- Prohibited connection arrangement: the installation of an on-line pump
that draws water directly or indirectly from the main distribution pipeline.

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. It demonstrates that pumps installed for the
purpose of drawing water from the main distribution pipe are not allowed and are considered contrary
to the Regulations.

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D-9 Typical roof / ground tank connection arrangement.

BEING REVISED

The above drawing is for illustration purposes only. General requirements for tank connection, fittings
and accessories are dependent on the tank location, volume, height and material of construction as
prescribed in the Guide. However, the standard requirements for a tank are that it should be provided
with a flow-control device (float-operated valve), an overflow pipe, access/ an access cover, service
valves, a vent and drain connection (as necessary).

The air gap between the shut-off level and overflow pipe can vary according to the overflow control
device and the end use of the water.

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D10 Typical connection arrangement for below-Ground Storage Tanks
(buried). Placing tanks below ground shall be avoided; however, if it cannot be
avoided, suitable backflow prevention and overflow arrangement shall be
considered.

BEING REVISED

The above diagram is for illustration purposes only. Where ground tanks are placed below ground
level, overflow arrangements shall be made to ensure no water returns to the tank after an overflow. A
suitable backflow prevention arrangement shall be considered including a sump with sump-pump if
applicable.

A suction pipe connected to the foot valve should be fitted in such a way that it can be assembled,
dismantled and removed without the need to drain the tank for future maintenance and replacement
works.

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D-11 - Typical connection arrangement for a water tanker filling station
together with water tanker main features.

BEING REVISED

The above diagram is for illustration purposes only. All potable water tankers must comply with the
relevant clauses of the Water Supply and Water Quality Regulations, in addition to the Distribution
Companys own requirements.

The main requirements are: (1) the tanker information sticker/label must have all the required details
clearly written on it on both sides. (2) All connection accessories must be kept in a closed cabinet
along with the filling hose. (3) An air gap must be allowed for during the filling process.

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Appendix C Original text of the Guide to
WSR (2009)

Please refer to RSB website at:

http://rsb.gov.ae/en/publications/detail/the-water-supply-regulations-2009

Proposed Amendment to the Guide to the Water Supply Regulations Issue (2)
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