MATHS QUESTION PAPER

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MATHS QUESTION PAPER

© All Rights Reserved

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strictly according to IBPS-PO, IBPS-Clerk, IBPS-SO and other PO/Clerk

level competitive exams. The main aim of the Digi-notes is to develop

the notion of the Ratio and Proportion so that candidate would be able

to handle the quantitative problems of the real world easily and

conveniently and hence in their competitive exams. Candidates are

advised to handle the Digi-notes by keeping in mind that they are going

to LEARN (NOT STUDY) the Ratio/Proportion so that you; yourself

would be able to minimize the steps required to conclude the answer of

the question and hence develop the SHORT TRICKS.

Page 2 of 27

Contents

1. Preface..2

2. Contents..3

3. Introduction..4

4. What is Ratio?....4

5. The Fundamental Property of Ratio.5

6. AnImportantResult..5

7. Questions...5

Page 3 of 27

Introduction:

The Ratio could be perceived as a special case of percentage. All the

concept related to approaching the of the Ratio questions could be

easily correlated with the approach what we had already developed in

the percentage Digi-notes (Specially the application of the Unitary

Method). Like percentage; ratio is extensively used in the Data Analysis.

So you are advised to go through the chapter thoroughly keeping in

mind to learn how we are approaching the question.

What is Ratio?:

Page 4 of 27

Mathematically:

Let a and b be the two quantities.

Then ratio of a and b is defined as the fraction a b .

This fraction is simply denoted as a : b when we are talking

about the ratio.

And is is read as a is to b.

Practically:

Since with the help of the fractions we are making

comparison between the quantities, therefore ratio is the

comparison between two quantities.

As the multiplication or division by the same number to the

numerator and denominator doesnt affect a faction; in the same

way the multiplication or division of each term of ratio by the

same non-zero number doesnt affect the ratio.

An Important Result:

I st Ratio A : B a : b

II Ratio B : C c : d

nd

Should have one quantity in common.

And the common quantity of the Ist ratio should be at the

second place and that of the IInd ratio at the first place.

Questions:

Page 5 of 27

Que: If A, B, C are three quantities such that A:B = 5:4 and B:C = 3:2,

find:

1) B : C 2) A : C 3) (A + B) : (A - C)

Sol: We have = 5 3 3 4 4 2 = 15 12 8

Hence

1) B C = 12 8 = 3 2

2) A C = 15 8

3) (A + B): (A C) = (15 + 12): (15 8) = 27 7

Que: The sum of the money with A and B is Rs.500. If the ratio of the

money they had is 3:2, find the share of A.

Sol:

.500

= 3 = . 300

(3+2)

Page 6 of 27

Que: The ratio of the money with A and B is 7:3. If the difference of the

money they had is Rs.160, find the share of B.

Sol:

. 160

= 3 = . 120

(7 3)

Que: A sum of money is divided between two persons in the ratio of

3:5. If the share of one person is Rs.20 less than that of the other, find

the sum.

Sol:

. 20

= (5 + 3) = . 80

(5 3)

Que: The ratio of the shares of three persons A, B and C is 7:5:11. If the

difference of the shares of A and C is Rs.16000; find the total amount of

money with B and C.

Sol:

. 16000

= (7 + 11) = . 72000

(11 7)

Que: The ratio of the shares of three persons A, B and C is 12:9:11. The

total amount of the money with A and C is Rs.5600 more than the

money with B; find the difference of the amount of the money with B

and C.

Sol:

.5600

= (11 9) = . 800

(12+119)

Page 7 of 27

Que: The ratio of the incomes of four persons A, B, C and D is 5:3:9:4.

The sum of the incomes of A and C is 84000; find the difference of the

incomes of B and D?

Sol:

. 84000

= (4 3) = . 6000

(5 + 9)

Que: The ratio of the angles of a triangle is 10:11:15. Find the difference

of the second largest and the smallest angle of the triangle.

Sol:

1800

Required Differenec = (11 10) = 50

(10 + 11 + 15)

Que: The ratio of any two angles of a triangle is 5:9. If the third angle is

measured to be 110 degree, then find the difference of the other two

angles.

Sol:

18001100

Required Differenec = (9 5) = 200

(9+5)

Que: The ratio of the four angles of a quadrilateral is 9:10:14:3. Find the

sum of the second smallest and second largest angle of the

quadrilateral.

Sol:

3600

Required Differenec = (9+10+14+3) (10 9) = 100

Page 8 of 27

Ques: P, Q and R are three numbers. The ratio of P and Q is 2:3 and that

of Q and R is 2:1. If the sum of P and R is 980; find Q.

Sol:

We have, : : = 4 6 3

980

Hence; = (4+3) 6 = 840

Que: The salary of Amit is 3/4th of the salary of Raju; while the salary of

Raju is 25% less than the salary of Sohan. The difference of the salaries

2

of Amit and Sohan is Rs.9800; find 14 7 % of the sum of the salaries of

Raju and Sohan.

Sol:

A:R=3:4

R : S = 75% : 100% = 3 : 4

Hence A : R : S = 9 : 12 : 16

9800 1

Required Sum = {169 (12 + 16)} 7 = . 5600

that; A received 2/5th of the total share of B and C together. Find:

1) Share of A

2) Share of B

3) Share of C

4) Total share of A and B

5) Total share of B and C

6) Total share of C and A

Page 9 of 27

Sol:

A:B C 2:5

Hence :

5600

1 A 2 Rs.1600

7

2 CND

3 CND

4 CND

5600

5 B C 5 Rs.4000

7

6 CND

that; A received 2/3rd of the total share of B and C together while B

received 3/7th of the total share of A and C together. Find the share of

C.

Sol:

A : B C 2:3

and B : A C 3:7

Hence :

15600

A 2 Rs.6240

5

15600

and B 3 Rs.4680

10

Hence

C Rs.15600 Rs.6240 Rs.4680 Rs.4680

Page 10 of 27

Que: Divide Rs.1540 among A, B, C such that A shall receive 2/9 as

much as B and C together and B shall receive 3/11 as much as A and C

together.

Sol:

A:B C 2:9

and B : A C 3 :11

Hence :

1540

A 2 Rs.280

11

15600

and B 3 Rs.330

14

Hence

C Rs.1540 Rs.280 Rs.330 Rs.930

that if each of their shares be reduced by Rs.25; the ratio of their

remainders would be 2 : 3 : 5. Find the sum of the shares of B and C.

Sol:

2575 25 25 25

BC 8 25 25 Rs.2050

10

Page 11 of 27

Que: The ratio between two numbers 3:4. If each number be increased

by 6, the ratio becomes 4:5. Find the two numbers.

Sol:

N1 : N 2

3 : 4

4 : 5

1 6

N1 3 3 6 18

N 2 4 4 6 24

Que: The ratio between two numbers 5:1. If each number be decreased

by 6, the ratio becomes 7:1. Find the difference between the numbers.

Sol:

N1 : N 2

5 : 1 30 : 6

7 : 1 28 : 4

26

1 3

N1 ~ N 2 24 24 3 72

Que: The ratio between two numbers 3:4. If each number be increased

by 2, the ratio becomes 7:9. Find the sum of the two numbers.

Page 12 of 27

Sol:

N1 : N 2

3 : 4 6 : 8

7 : 9 7 : 9

1 2

N1 N 2 14 14 2 28

Que: The incomes of A and B are in the ratio 3:2 and their expenditures

are in the ratio 5:3. If each saves Rs.200, what is the difference of their

incomes?

Sol:

A : B

I 3 : 2 6 : 4

E 5 : 3 5 : 3

1 Rs.200

A ~ B 2 200 2 Rs.400

Que: The incomes of Ram and Shyam are in the ratio 8:11 and their

expenditures are in the ratio 7:10. If each of them saves Rs.500, then

find the sum of their Income.

Sol:

Page 13 of 27

R : S

I 8 : 11

E 7 : 10

1 Rs.500

R S 19 19 500 Rs.9500

Que: The students in the three classes are in the ratio 2:3:5. If 20

students are increased in each class the ratio changes to 4:5:7. What

was the total number of students in the three classes before the

increase?

Sol:

I st : II nd : III rd

2 : 3 : 5

4 : 5 : 7

2 20

I st II nd III rd 10 20 10

2

100

1:2:9. If C gives Rs.500 from his share to B, the new ratio becomes

1:3:8. Find the total amount of money.

Sol:

Page 14 of 27

A : B : C

1 : 2 : 9

1 : 3 : 8

1 Rs.500

A B C 12 500 12

Rs.6000

Que: An amount of money is distributed among A, B and C in the ratio

6:19:7. If C gives Rs.200 from his share to B, the new ratio becomes

3:10:3. Find the total amount of money.

Sol:

A : B : C

6 : 19 : 7 6:19:7

3 : 10 : 3 6:20:6

1 Rs.200

A B C 32 200 32

Rs.6400

Que: In 40 litres mixture of milk and water the ratio of milk and water is

3:1. Find the quantity of water to be added to make this ratio 2:1.

Sol:

M :W

3 : 1 6:2

2 : 1 6:3

40 liters 1 5 liters

8

Page 15 of 27

Que: In 60 litres mixture of milk and water the ratio of milk to water is

7:3. Find the quantity of water to be added to make the ratio of milk to

water 3:7.

Sol:

M :W

7 : 3 21:9

3 : 7 21: 49

60 lietrs 40 80 liters

30

Que: A mixture contains alcohol and water in the ratio 8:3. On adding 3

litres of water, the ratio of alcohol to water becomes 2:1. Find the

difference of quantities of alcohol and water in the original mixture.

Sol:

A :W

8 : 3 8:3

2 : 1 8:4

3 liters 5 15 liters

1

Page 16 of 27

Que: A mixture contains wine and water in the ratio of 3:2.If 4 litres of

water is added to the mixture, wine and water in the mixture become

equal. Find the sum of the quantities of wine and water in the original

mixture.

Sol:

Wn : W

3 : 2 3:2

1 : 1 3:3

4 liters 5 20 liters

1

Que: The ratio of number of boys and girls in a school is 2:3. If 200 boys

are additionally admitted in the school the ratio changes to 5:6. Find

the difference of the number of boys and girls in the school originally.

Sol:

B :G

2 : 3 4:6

5 : 6 5:6

200 2 400 Boys

1

Page 17 of 27

Que: The ratio of As and Bs income last year was 3:4. The ratio of their

own incomes of last year and this year is 4:5 and 2:3 respectively. If the

total sum of their present incomes is Rs.4160, then find the present

income of A.

Sol:

1 year

[------------------------]

Past Present

A: B 3 : 4

A 4 3 : 5 3

4 4

B 2 4 : 3 4

2 2

AP : BP 5 3 : 3 4 5 : 8

4 2

AP 4160 5 Rs.1600

13

Que: One year ago, the ratio between Laxmans and Gopals salaries

was 3:5. The ratio of their individual salaries of last year and present

year are 2:3 and 4:5 respectively. If their total salaries for the present

year are Rs.4300, find the difference of the salaries of Laxman and

Gopal.

Page 18 of 27

Sol:

1 year

[--------------------------]

Past Pr esent

L :G 3 : 5

L 2 3 : 3 3

2 2

G 4 5 : 5 5

4 4

AP : BP 3 3 : 5 5 18 : 25

2 4

AP 4300 7 Rs.700

43

mixture are removed and the same quantity of liquid B is added, the

ratio becomes 3:5. What quantity does the vessel hold?

Sol:

3 5 16

5 liters

8 8 8

2

10 liters

8

Qantity of

8

Mixture in 1 10

Vessel 2

40 liters

ratio 7:5. If 9 litres of the mixture is replaced by 9 litres of liquid B, then

the ratio of the two liquids become 7:9. How much of the liquid A was

there in the mixture?

Page 19 of 27

Sol:

7 7 9

7 liters

16 12 12

7 21

liters

48 4

Qantity of

21 48

Mixture in 1

Vessel 4 7

36 liters

36

A 7 21 liters

12

Proportion:

Let a , b, c and d are the four quantities.

If we calculated the ratios a : b and c : d in that order and find that

a:b c:d

Then we say that a, b, c and d are in proportion in that order.

Hence equality of ratios is called proportion. Here

a is called the first proportional.

b is called the second proportional.

c is called the third proportional.

d is called the fourth proportional.

Since we have

a:b c:d

a c

b d

ad bc

Product of Product of

Extremes Means

Page 20 of 27

Continued Proportion:

Let a , b and c are the three quantities.

If we calculated a : b and b : c in that order and find that

a:b b:c

Then we say that a, b and c are in continued proportion in that

order. Thats why it is called continued proportion because b is in

continuation in the equality of the ratios. Here

a is called the first proportional.

b is called the mean/second proportional.

c is called the third proportional.

Since we have

a:b b:c

a b

b c

ad b 2

Product of Square of

Extremes Mean

Que: Given three quantities in the same unit as 5, 10 and 25. Find the

following in proportion to these quantities:

1) First Proportional

x, 5, 10, 25 are in proportion

25x 5 10 x 2

2) Second Proportional

5, x, 10, 25 are in proportion

10 x 5 25 x 12.5

Page 21 of 27

3) Third Proportional

5, 10, x, 25 are in proportion

10 x 5 25 x 12.5

4) Fourth Proportional

5, 10, 25, x are in proportion

5 x 10 25 x 50

Question: Given two quantities in the same unit as 5 and 25. Find the

following in proportion tom these quantities:

5) First Proportional

25 x 5 2 x 1

6) Mean Proportional

5 25 x 2 x 5 5

7) Third Proportional

5 x 25 2 x 125

Question: Divide Rs.1350 into three shares proportional to the numbers

2, 3, and 4.

Page 22 of 27

Sol:

9 Rs.1350

1350

1 150

9

1st 150 2 Rs.300

2 nd 150 3 Rs.450

3 rd 150 4 Rs.600

Que: Divide Rs.391 into three parts proportional to the fraction , 2/3

and .

Sol:

1 2 3

: : 6:8:9

2 3 4

23 Rs.391

391

1 17

23

1st 17 6 Rs.102

2 nd 17 8 Rs.136

3 rd 17 9 Rs.153

Question: Divide 581 into three parts such that 4 times of the first may

be equal to 5 times the second and 7 times the third.

Page 23 of 27

Sol:

2 nd : 1st 4 : 5

1st : 3 rd 7 : 4

2 nd : 1st : 3 rd 28 : 35 : 20

83 581

581

1 7

83

1st 35 7 245

2 nd 28 7 196

3 rd 20 7 140

Que: Divide Rs. 2430 among three persons A, B, C such that if their

shares be diminished by Rs.5, Rs.10 and Rs.15 respectively, the

remainders shall be in the ratio 3:4:5.

Sol:

Re mainder 2430 (5 10 15) Rs.2400

12 Rs.2400

2400

1 Rs.200

12

A 3 200 5 Rs.605

B 4 200 10 Rs.810

C 5 200 15 Rs.1015

Que: Rs.425 is divided among 4 men, 5 women and 6 boys such that the

share of a man, a woman and a boy may be in the ratio of 9:8:4. What

is the share of a woman?

Page 24 of 27

Sol:

4M : 5W : 6 B 9 4 : 8 5 : 4 6

9 : 10 : 6

25 Rs.425

425

1

25

425

5W 10 10 Rs.170

25

170

1W Rs.34

5

Que: Divide Rs.1320 among 7 men, 11 women and 5 boys such that

each womanmay have 3 times as much as a boy, and a man as much as

a woman and a boy together. Find how much each person receive?

Sol:

B : W : M 1: 3 : (1 3) 1: 3 : 4

5 B :11W : 7 M 1 5 : 3 11: 4 7

5 : 33 : 28

66 Rs.1320

1320

1 20

66

7M 28 20 28 Rs .560

11W 33 20 33 Rs .660

5B 5 20 5 Rs.100

Que: A certain sum of money is divided A, B and C such that for each

rupee A has, B has 65 paisa and C has 40 paisa. If Cs share is Rs.8, find

the sum of money.

Page 25 of 27

Sol:

A : B : C 100 : 65 : 40 20 : 13 : 8

8 Rs.8

8

1

8

8

Sum of Money 41 41 Rs.41

8

Ques: 465 coins consist of rupee, 50 paisa and 25 paisa coins. Their

values are in the ratio 5:3:1. Find the number of each coin.

Sol:

Values 5 : 3 :1

100 100 100

No. of Coins 5 : 3 :1

100 50 25

5:6:4

15 465

465

1 31

15

Rs. 1 Coins 5 31 5 155

50 Paise Coins 6 31 6 186

25 Paise Coins 4 31 4 124

the ratio 3:5:7. Find the number of each kind of coins.

Page 26 of 27

Sol:

No. of Coins 5 : 3 :1

100 50 5

Values 3 : 5 :7

100 100 100

60 : 50 : 7

117 1170 Paise

1170

1 10

117

Values of

60 10 60 600 Paise

Rs. 1 Coins

600

Rs. 1 Coins 6

100

Values of

50 10 50 500 Paise

50 Paise Coins

500

50 Paise Coins 10

50

Values of

7 10 7 70 Paise

5 Paise Coins

70

5 Paise Coins 14

5

Page 27 of 27

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