Anda di halaman 1dari 35

4541/1

CHEMISTRY
MAC
2016
2 jam

PEPERIKSAAN MAC 2016


SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN
INDERAPURA

Prepared by: AMCA

CHEMISTRY
Kertas 1 & 2

2 jam 30 minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan dan 4 soalan struktur.

2. Jawab semua soalan

3. Tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan, iaitu A, B, C dan


D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu jawapan sahaja. Hitamkan jawapan
anda pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan.

4. Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah


dibuat, kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

5. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan

6. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 24 halaman bercetak

4541/1 [Lihat Halaman Sebelah


1
Bagi Soalan 1 hingga Soalan 50, tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan A, B, C, dan D.
Pilih satu jawapan yang terbaik bagi tiap-tiap soalan dan hitamkan ruangan yang sepadan pada
kertas jawapan objektif anda.

1 Which one of the following substances consists of atoms?


Antara bahan berikut yang manakah terdiri daripada atom-atom?

A Solid sodium chloride


Pepejal natrium klorida

B Carbon dioxide gas


Gas karbon dioksida

C neon gas
Gas neon

D Water
Air

2 The figure below shows the symbols for lithium atom and oxygen atom.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan simbol bagi atom litium dan atom oksigen.

7 16
Li O
3 8

Which of the following shows the right chemical formula for the compound that formed between
lithium and oxygen elements?
Antara berikut yang manakah formula kimia yang betul bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara
unsur litium dan oksigen?

A LiO
B LiO2
C Li2O
D Li2O2

3 Which of the following statements are correct for element in group 1 when they move down the
group in the periodic table?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar bagi unsur kumpulan 1 apabila menuruni
kumpulan dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur?

A The atomic size is increased


Saiz atom bertambah

B The metallic properties of the elements is increased


Sifat kelogaman unsur bertambah

C The number of valence electrons are increased

2
Bilangan elektron valens bertambah

D The electronegativity of elements decreases


Keelektronegatifan unsur bertambah

4 Which of the following shows the properties of covalent compound?


Antara berikut yang manakah sifat sebatian kovalen?

A Dissolve in covalent solvent


Larut dalam pelaru tkovalen

B Higher melting and boiling point


Takat lebur dan takat didih tinggi

C Conduct the electricity in solid state


Mengkonduksikan elektrik dalam keadaan pepejal

D Conduct electricity when dissolved in covalent solvent


Mengkonduksikan elektrik apabila larut dalam pelarut kovalen

5 The diagram shows the set up of apparatus for chemical cell.


Gambar rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi sel kimia

Bulb
mentol

Carbon Rode
Rod karbon

Substance A
bahan A

The bulb will light up when substance A is


Mentol akan menyala apabila bahan A ialah

A Ethanoic acid glacial


asid etanoik glasial

B Ammonium solution
larutan ammonia

C Molten naphthalene
naftalena lebur

D Ethanol
etanol

3
6 Figure below show s the set- up of apparatus for the experiment to determine the chemical
properties of sulphuric acid.
Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji sifat kimia asid sulfurik

Dilute
Sulphuric
acid Zinc carbonate
asid sulfurik Zink karbonat
cair
Which of the following are the results from the above reaction?
Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan hasil tindakbalas di atas?

A Zinc sulphate and water


Zink sulfat dan air

B Zinc Sulphate and hydrogen gas


Zink sulfat dan gas hidrogen

C Zinc sulphate and carbon dioxide gas


Zink sulfat, air dan gas karbon dioksida

D Zinc sulphate, water and carbon monoxide gas


Zink sulfat, air dan gas karbon monoksida

7 Large molecule that contain repeated molecule unit are called


Molekul besar yang mengandungi unit molekul ulangan disebut

A polimer
Polymer
B monomer
mononer
C polimonomer
Polymonomer
D makromolekul
Macromolecule

8 Which of the following statements are correct when chemical reaction occur?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar apabila suatu tindak balas kimia berlaku?

A The amount of reaction substance is not change


Kuantiti bahan tindak balas tidak berubah

4
B Time of reaction are proportional with concentration reaction substances
Masa tindak balas berkadar terus dengan kepekatan bahan tindak balas

C Higher reaction rate occur by the end of reaction


Kadar tindak balas yang paling tinggi berlaku pada masa akhir tindak balas

D When time of reaction is shorten so the reaction rate is higher


Apabila masa bertindak balas semakin singkat bermakna kadar tindak balas semakin
tinggi
9 Which of the following is unsaturated hydrocarbon compound?
Antara sebatian berikut yang manakah merupakan sebatian hidrokarbon tak tepu?

A Butane
Butana
B But-2-ene
But-2-ena
C Butan-2-ol
Butan-2-ol
D Butanoic acid
Asid butanoik

10 Table below shows the number of neutron, proton and electrons for P,Q,R and S particles.
Jadual menunjukkan bilangan neutron, proton dan elektron bagi zarah P,Q,R dan S.

Particles Number of Number of Number of


Zarah neutrons protons electrons
Bilangan Bilangan Bilangan
neutron proton elektron
P 8 8 8
Q 12 10 10
R 12 11 10
S 18 17 18

Which of the following particles are negatively ion?


Antara zarah berikut yang manakah merupakan ion negatif?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

11 Molecular formula for methane is as followed:


Formula molekul bagi metana adalah seperti berikut:

CH4
Which of the following statements are true for one mole methane gas?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar bagi satu mol gas metana?
Use the information Relative Atomic Mass C = 12, H = 1, Avogadro constants =
6.0 1023 mol- 1, 1 mol gas= 24.0 dm3 at room condition.
Gunakan maklumat jisim atom relatif C = 12, H = 1, pemalar Avogadro = 6.0 10 23 mol-1,
1 mol gas menempati 24.0 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik.

5
A Has mass 12g
Mempunyai jisim 12 g

B Contain 5 6 1023 atom


Mengandungi 5 6 1023 atom

C Contain 5 6 1023 molecule


Mengandungi 5 6 1023 molekul

D Contain 12dm3 at s.t.p


Mempunyai isipadu 12dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik
12 Figure shows the electron arrangement for atom in J element
Gambar rajah menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom unsur J

J
Which of the following electron arrangements are true for ion in J element
Antara susunan elektron berikut yang manakah benar bagi ion unsur J?

A 2.4
B 2.5
C 2.6
D 2.8

13 Table below shows nucleon number and number of neutron for K, L, M and N elements
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan nombor nukleon dan bilangan neutron bagi unsur K, L, M dan N

Particles Nucleon number Number of


Unsur Nombor nukleon Neutron
Bilangan Neutron Which of the following couple of
K 12 6 elements that will form ionic mixture?
L 23 12 Antara pasangan unsur berikut, yang
M 35 18 manakah akan membentuk sebatian ion?
N 40 20
A K dan L
B L dan N
C K dan N
D L dan M

14 Figure below shows the set-up of apparatus to purifying metal from electrolysis process.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menulenkan logam melalui proses elektrolisis.

X Y

Substances
Z
Bahan Z
6
Between Z electhrode and Y electhrode and substances Z which are suitable to purify copper
metal?
Antara elektrod X, elektrod Y dan bahan Z berikut yang manakah sesuai digunakan untuk
menulenkan logam kuprum?

X Electrode Y Electrode Z Substances


Elektrod X Elektrod Y Bahan Z

A pure copper unpure copper copper(II) sulphate solution


kuprum tulen kuprum tak tulen larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

B unpure copper pure copper copper(II) nitrate solution


kuprum tak tulen kuprum tulen larutan kuprum(II) nitrat

C pure copper unpure copper Acid sulphuric solution


kuprum tulen kuprum tak tulen larutan asid sulfurik

D unpure copper pure copper Acid sulphuric solution


kuprum tak tulen kuprum tulen larutan asid sulfurik

15 Figure below shows volume and concentration of potassium hydroxide solution and propanoic
acid
Rajah menunjukkan isipadu dan kepekatan bagi larutan kalium hidroksida dan asid propanoik

3
50cm3
50cm potassium
ethanoic hydroxide
acid
0.1moldm-3

which of the following statements are true for both solution?


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar bagi kedua-dua larutan itu?

Potassium hydroxide solution Ethanoic acid


Larutan kalium hidroksida Asid etanoik

Weak alkali Weak acid


A Alkali lemah Asid lemah

B Low pH value High pH value


Nilai pH rendah Nilai pH tinggi

C High degree of ionization Low degree of ionization


Darjah pengionan tinggi Darjah pengionan rendah

D Low concentration of hydroxide ion Low concebtration of hydrogen ion


Kepekatan ion hidroksida rendah Kepekatan ion hidrogen rendah
7
16 The information below shows the effects from one factor that can raised up the rate of reaction
Maklumat di bawah merupakan kesan daripada satu faktor yang boleh meningkatkan kadar
tindak balas.

The number of particles per volume unit is increased


Bilangan zarah per unit isipadu bertambah

The number of particles that collide increased


Bilangan zarah yang berlanggar bertambah

The number of particles that contain activation energy


increased
Bilangan zarah yang mempunyai tenaga pengaktifan
bertambah

Frequency of effective collisions increased


Frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan bertambah

Which of the following that can give that effect?


Antara berikut yang manakah boleh memberi kesan itu?

A Raised up the temperature


Menaikkan suhu tindak balas

B Increased the catalysed of the reaction


Menambahkan mangkin tindak balas

C Increased the concentration of the reaction


Menambahkan kepekatan bahan tindak balas

D Increased the surface area of the reaction substance


Menambahkan jumlah luas permukaan bahan tindak balas

17 Table below shows proton number and nucleon number for several elements
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan nombor proton dan nombor nukleon bagi beberapa unsur.

Element Proton Nucleon number


Unsur number Nombor nukleon
Nombor
proton
Lithium 3 7
Litium

8
Carbon 6 12
Karbon
Nitrogen 7 14
Nitrogen
Magnesium 12 24
Magnesium

Which of the following stataments are true?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

A The mass of one carbon atom and the mass of two lithium atom are same
Jisim satu atom karbon dan jisim dua atom litium adalah sama

B The mass of one magnesium atom is eaqual to twocarbon atom


Jisim satu atom magnesium sama dengan jisim dua atom karbon

C One atom magnesium is four times heavier than one atom lithium
Satu atom magnesium adalah empat kali lebih berat daripada satu atom litium

D total mass of one atom carbon and mass of one atom magnesium equalto six
Jumlah jisim satu atom karbon dan jisim satu atom magnesium sama dengan enam

18 Table below shows mass for element X and oxygen with empirical formula that formed.
Jadual menunjukkan jisim bagi unsur X dan oksigen serta formula empirik yang terhasil.

Element X O
Unsur
Mass (g) 2.3 0.8
Jisim (g)
Empirical formula X2O
Formula empirik

Which of the following are true for relative atomic mass?


Relative atomic mass O = 16

Antara berikut, yang manakah benar bagi jisim atom relatif X?


Gunakan maklumat jisim atom relatif O = 16

A 23
B 24
C 39
D 40

19 Which of the following shows number of proton and electron for ion in group 2 element in
Periodic Table?
Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan bilangan proton dan elektron bagi suatu ion unsur
kumpulan 2 dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur?

Number of proton Number of electron


9
Bilangan proton Bilangan elektron
A 2 2
B 8 10
C 11 10
D 12 10

20 Table below shows number of proton for P, Q, R and S elements.


Jadual berikut menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur P, Q, R dan S.

Atom Proton number


Atom Nombor Proton
P 3
Q 6
R 8
S 17

Which of the following couple of elements that form compound at higher melting point?
Antara pasangan unsur berikut, yang manakah membentuk sebatian dengan takat lebur yang tinggi?

A P and S
P dan S

B Q and R
Q dan R

C Q and S
Q dan S

D P and Q
P dan Q

21 Figure below shows the set-up of apparatus for electrolysis process copper(II) sulphate solution
using carbon electrode.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi proses elektrolisis larutan kuprum(II) sulfat
menggunakan elektrod-elektrod karbon.

Carbon
electrod
e Copper(II) sulphate
Elektrod solution
karbon Larutan kuprum(II)
The reaction that occur at anode is:
10
Tindak balas yang berlaku di anod ialah

A Cu2+ (aq) + 2e Cu(s)

B 2H+ (aq) + 2e H2(g)

C C(s) C 4+(aq) + 4e

D 4OH- (aq) 2H2O(aq) + O2(g) + 4e

22 Figure below shows the set-up of apparatus for dilution process of sodium hydroxide solution
Gambar rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi proses pencairan larutan natrium
hidroksida

180 cm3
distilled water
added 20 cm3 sodium hydroxide
air suling solution 1.0 mol dm-3
ditambah
What is the concentration of sodium hydroxide now?
Berapakah kepekatan larutan natrium hidroksida yang baru?

A 0.01 mol dm-3


B 0.10 mol dm-3
C 0.11 mol dm-3
D 0.12 mol dm-3

23
Mg(s) + 2 HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) +
H2(g)
Mg(p)+ 2 HCl(ak) MgCl2(ak) +

Based on the equation reaction above, which of the following changing in quantity that could be
observe to determine the rate of reaction?
Berdasarkan persamaan tindak balas di atas, perubahan kuantiti yang manakah dapat
diperhatikan untuk menentukan kadar tindak balas?

A Reducing the mass of magnesium


Pengurangan jisim magnesium

B Increasing mass of magnesium chloride


Pertambahan jisim magnesium klorida

C Increasing volume of hydrogen gas


Pertambahan isipadu gas hidrogen

11
D Reducing concentration of hydrochloric acid
Pengurangan kepekatan asid hidroklorik

24 Propene reacts with bromine to produce compound Q


Propena bertindak balas dengan bromin menghasilkan sebatian Q

CH3 CH = CH2 + Br2 Q

Name compound Q using IUPAC


Namakan sebatian Q mengikut IUPAC

A 1,1 dibromopropane
1,1 dibromopropana

B 1,2 dibromopropane
1,2 dibromopropana

C 1,2 dibromopropene
1,2 dibromopropena

D 2,3 dibromopropane
2,3 dibromopropana

25 Which of the following chemical equation are true?


Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah betul?

A Zn + Cl ZnCl
B Cu + Cl2 CuCl2
C Ag + Cl2 AgCl2
D Al + Cl2 AlCl2

26 U,V and W is elements in same periods.


U Oxide is amfoteric ,V oxide are acidic and W oxide are base.

U,V dan W ialah unsur- unsur dalam kala yang sama .


Oksida U bersifat amfoterik ,oksida V12
bersifat asid dan oksida W bersifat bes.
Which of the following is the correct arrangement from left to right in Periodic Table?
Antara berikut, manakah susunan yang betul mengikut tertib dari kiri ke kanan dalam Jadual
Berkala Unsur?

A U,V,W
B U,W,V
C V,U,W
D W,U,V

27 Figure below shows set-up apparatus of chemical cells.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan radas sel kimia

Copper rode
Zinc rod kuprum
rode
Copper (II) sulphate
Zinc nitrate solution
solution Larutan kuprum(II)
Larutan zink nitrat
nitrat

The readings of voltmeter is 1.10 V


Bacaan voltmeter ialah 1.10 V

What is the readings of voltmeter if zinc rode replaced with aluminium and zinc sulphate solution
are replaced with aluminium nitrate solutions
Apakah bacaan voltmeter jika rod zink diganti dengan aluminium dan larutan zink sulfat diganti
dengan larutan aluminium nitrat.

A 0V

B 1.10 V

C Less than 1.10 V


kurang daripada 1.10 V

D More than 1.10 V


lebih besar daripada 1.10 V

28 Figure below shows the symbol of atom in element M


Rajah menunjukkan simbol atom unsur M
13
27
M
13

What is the type of bonding that forms when element M combines with oxygen element?
Use the information number of proton O = 16
Apakah jenis ikatan yang terbentuk apabila unsur M berpadu dengan unsur oksigen?
Gunakan maklumat nombor proton O = 16.

A ionic bonding
Ikatan ion

B single covalent bonding


Ikatan kovalen tunggal

C double covalent bonding


Ikatan kovalen ganda dua

D triplet covalent bonding


Ikatan kovalen ganda tiga
29 Figure below shows particles substances Z in state I changes to state II
Rajah menunjukkan zarah-zarah bahan Z dalam keadaan I berubah kepada keadaan II

Particles
zarah

State I state II

Which of the following statements are true?


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar?

I Sulimation process substances Z occur


Proses pemejalwapan bahan Z berlaku

II kinetic energy particles Z decreased


Tenaga kinetik zarah-zarah Z menjadi berkurang

III Forces energy between particles Z decreased


Daya tarikan antara zarah-zarah bahan Z menjadi berkurang

IV Substances Z changes from solid to liquid states


Bahan X berubah dari keadaan pepejal kepada keadaan cecair

A I dan III only


I dan III sahaja

14
B II dan IV only
II dan IV sahaja

C II dan III only


II dan III sahaja

D I, II dan IV only
I, II dan IV sahaja

30 Element X-79 and element X-81 are isotopes.


If the neutron number in element X-79 is 44,so the neutron number in element X-81 is
Unsur X-79 dan unsur X-81 adalah suatu isotop.
Jika bilangan neutron dalam unsur X-79 adalah 44, maka bilangan neutron dalam unsur X-81
adalah

A 35
B 46
C 79
D 81

31 Potassium chlorate(V) KClO3 is decomposed by the heat as the equation below.


Kalium klorat(V), KClO3 diuraikan oleh haba mengikut persamaan berikut,

2KClO3(p) 2KCl(p) + 3O2(g)

What is the mass of oxygen produced if 12.25 g potassium chlorate decomposed completely by
the heat?
Relative atomic mass given: K = 39, Cl = 35.5 and O = 16

Berapakah jisim oksigen terhasil jika 12.25 g kalium klorat terurai sempurna oleh haba?
Diberi jisim atom relatif K = 39, Cl = 35.5 dan O = 16

A 1.20 g
B 2.40 g
C 4.80 g
D 18.38 g

32 The diagram below shows the position of elements V,W,X,Y and Z in the Periodic Table of
element.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kedudukan unsur V, W, X, Y dan Z dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

1 18

2 13 14 15 16 17

15
V W X

Y 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Z

Which of the following is true about elements V,WW,X,Y and Z?


Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang unsur V, W, X, Y dan Z ?

A Oxide V and oxide Y are acidic


Oksida V dan oksida Y bersifat asid

B Positive charge of nucleus increases from V to X


Cas positif nukleus bertambah dari V ke X
C The radius of atom V is bigger than atom Y
Jejari atom V lebih besar daripada atom Y
D Electronegativity of atom Y is higher than atom Z.
Keelektronegatifan atom Y lebih tinggi daripada atom Z

33 Element P and Q combine to form a compound that has the following properties.

Low melting point and boiling


point.
Not conducting electricity.
Which of the following electron arrangement of atom of element P and Q is true?

Unsur P dan Q berpadu membentuk satu sebatian yang mempunyai sifat seperti berikut :

Takat lebur dan takat didih yang


rendah.
Tidak mengkonduksi elektrik.
Antara berikut yang manakah susunan elektron bagi atom unsur P dan Q yang betul?

P Q
A 2.2 2.5
B 2.3 2.6
C 2.4 2.7
D 2.5 2.8

34 The table below shows the results of experiment for three chemical cells with the different pairs of
metals.

16
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen bagi tiga sel kimia dengan pasangan logam
yang berbeza.

Pairs of metals Negative terminal Voltan cell/V


Pasangan logam Terminal negatif Voltan sel/V
Zinc and copper Zinc 1.10
Zink dan kuprum Zink

Zinc and magnesium Magnesium 0.80


Zink dan Magnesium Magnesium

Copper and silver Copper 0.50


Kuprum dan kuprum
argentum

What is the voltan of the chemical cell which built from the pair of magnesium and silver?

Berapakan nilai voltan bagi sel kimia yang dibina daripada pasangan logam magnesium dan
argentum?

A 0.30 V
B 0.65 V
C 1.30 V
D 2.40 V

35 Which of the following substances has the highest percentage of nitrate ions ?
Antara bahan berikut yang manakah mempunyai peratus ion nitrat yang paling tinggi? .

Relative atomic mass given: H=1, N=14, O=16, Mg=24, K=39, Ca=40
Diberi jisim atom relatif : H=1, N=14, O=16, Mg=24, K=39, Ca=40

A Magnesium nitrate
Magnesium nitrat

B Ammonium nitrate
Ammonium nitrat

C Calcium nitrate
Kalsium nitrat

D Potassium nitrate
Kalium nitrat

36 The following table shows the total of volume of hydrogen gas collected from the reactions
between zinc powdwer with hydrochloric acid 2.0 mol dm -3 .
17
Jadual berikut menunjukkan jumlah isipadu gas hidrogen yang dikumpul daripada tindak balas
antara serbuk zink dengan asid hidroklorik 2.0 mol dm-3

Time/min 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4
Masa/min
Volume H2/cm3 0 15.0 25.0 32.0 36.0 38.0 39.0 39.0 39.0
Isipadu H2/cm3

What is the average rate of the reaction above ?


Berapakah kadar tindak balas purata bagi tindak balas di atas?

A 9.75 cm3/min
B 11.14 cm3/min
C 13.0 cm3/min
D 30.0 cm3/min

37 The following equation represents the reaction between magnesium and dilute of sulphuric acid.
Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas antara magnesium dan asid sulfurik cair .

Mg(p) + H2SO4(ak) MgSO4 (ak) + gas X

If 4.8 g magnesium reacts with 1.0 mol of sulphuric acid , what is the number of moles gas X
produced ?
Relative atomic mass given Mg =24
Jika 4.8 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 1.0 mol asid sulfurik, berapakah bilangan mol
gas X yang terhasil?
Diberi jisim atom relatif Mg = 24

A 0.1
B 0.2
C 1.0
D 2.0
38 Figure below shows the set-up of apparatus for double decomposition reaction
Gambar rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi tindakbalas penguraian ganda dua

Calcium nitrate Calcium sulphate


solution solution
Larutan kalsium Pepejal kalsium
Potassium nitrate
3
100cm solution
larutan Larutan
kalium sulfat kalium nitrat

Which of the following statements are true for reaction above


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar bagi tindakbalas di atas?
Used the information relative molecular mass CaSO 4 = 136,Avogadro constant=6.0x1023 mol-1
Gunakan maklumat jisim molekul relatif CaSO4 = 136, pemalar Avogadro=6.0x1023 mol-1

I 1.36g calcium sulphate are produced


18
1.36g kalsium sulfat terhasil

II 0.02 mol potassium nitrate are produced


0.02 mol kalium nitrat terhasil

III 0.01 mol calciumnitrate are produced


1.1 mol kalsium nitrat digunakan
1.2
IV 0.02 x 6.0 x 1023 ion potassium ,K+ are used
0.02 x 6.0 x 1023 ion kalium ,K+ digunakan

A I and II only
I dan II sahaja

B II and III only


II dan III sahaja

C III and IV sahaja


III dan IV sahaja

D I, II, III and IV


I, II, III dan IV

39 The following is a structural formula of a polymer.


Rajah mewakili formula struktur bagi satu polimer

CH3 H

CC

H C2H5 n

Which of the following is the monomer fot the above polimer.


Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan monomer bagi polimer tersebut?

H H H H

A H C C = C C H
19
H H

H H H H H

B H C C = C C C H

H H H

H H H H H

C H C C C C = C H

H H H

H H H H H

D H C = C C C C H

H H H

40 Decomposition by heat of lead(II) nitrate can be represented by the following chemical equation,
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan penguraian haba plumbum(II) nitrat

2Pb(NO3)2(p) 2PbO(p) + 4NO2(g) + O2(g)

What is the mass of oxygen gas given off when 33.1 g of lead(II) nitrate decompose completely?
Relative atomic mass O = 16, N = 14 and Pb = 207

Berapakah jisim oksigen yang dibebaskan apabila 33.1 g pepejal plumbum(II) nitrat terurai
sempurna?
Gunakan maklumat Jisim atom relatif O = 16, N = 14 dan Pb = 207

A 1.6 g
B 3.2 g
C 16.0 g
D 32.0 g

41 The graph below shows the relationship of the volume of carbon dioxide gas and the time taken
for chemical reaction between hydrochloric acid and a carbonate salt at room temperature and
pressure.
Rajah menunjukkan graf isi padu gas karbon dioksida melawan masa bagi satu tindak balas
kimia antara marmar dengan asid hidroklorik yang dilakukan pada suhu dan tekanan bilik.

Volume
gas CO2 / cm
180
Isipadu
3
Gas CO2/cm 20
20
0 30 60 Time / s
Masa/s

Calculate the maximum mass of carbon dioxide gas released.


Relative atomic mass : C = 12 , O = 16 , 1 mole of gas occupies 24 dm at room temperature
and pressure

Berapakah jisim maksimum gas karbon dioksida yang terkumpul dalam tindak balas itu?
Gunakan maklumat jisim atom relatif : C = 12 , O = 16 , 1 mol menempati ruangan 24 dm
pada keadaan bilik

A 0.147 g
B 0.220 g
C 146.7 g
D 220.0 g

42 Diagram shows the structural formula of one monomer.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan formula struktur satu monomer.

H H H
| | |
H C C = C
| |
H Cl

21
What is the structural formula of its polymer?
Apakah formula struktur polimernya?

A
CH3 H
| |
-----C C -----
| |
H Cl n

B
H H H
| | |
----- C C C ------
| | |
H H Cl n

C CH3 H
| |
---- C = C -----
| |
H Cl n

D CH3 H H
| | |
------- C C C -----
| | |
H H Cl n

43 Diagram shows the set-up of apparatus for the titration of sodium hydroxide solution with sulphuric
acid.
Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi titratan larutan natrium hidroksida dengan asid sulfurik.

22
Sulphuric
acid
Asid sulfurik
0.05 mol dm-
20 cm3 of
3 sodium hydroxide
solution
0.1 mol dm-3 and
phenolphthalein as an indicator
20 cm3 larutan natrium
hidroksida 0.1 mol dm-3 dan
fenoltalein sebagai penunjuk

What is the volume of sulphuric acid needed at the end point of the titration in Figure ?
Berapakah isipadu asid sulfurik yang diperlukan pada takat akhir titratan dalam rajah ?

A 10.00 cm3
20.00 cm3
B
30.00 cm3
C
40.00 cm3
D

44 Table shows the voltage reading chemical cells using different electrode
pairs dipped into copper(II) sulphate solution.
Jadual menunjukkan nilai voltan bagi sel kimia menggunakan pasangan
logam yang berlainan yang dicelupkan ke dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

Metal electode
Cell Elektrod logam Voltage reading(V)
sel Negative terminal Positive terminal Bacaan Voltan (V)
Terminal negatif Terminal positif
I W Z 2.7
II W Y 2.3
III X Z 1.5
IV X Y

What is voltage reading of cell IV?


Berapakah nilai voltan bagi sel IV ?

A 0.4 V

23
B 1.1 V
C 1.2 V
D 1.6 V

Diagramshows the energy profile diagram for the following reaction.


Rajah menunjukkan gambarajah aras tenaga untuk tindakbalas
45 berikut.

W + X Y + Z

Energy
Tenaga

E3

E2 W+X

E1 Y+Z
E0
Progress of
reaction
Kemajuan
tindak balas

Which of the following is the activation energy for the reaction?


Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan tenaga pengaktifan bagi
tindak balas itu?

A E2 - E1

B E3 - E1

C E3 - E2

D E3 - E0

24
STRUKTUR (Jawab Semua Soalan)

BAHAGIAN A

1 Diagram 1 shows an experiment to determine the empirical formula of copper


(II) oxide.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan formula empirik
kuprum (II) oksida.

Copper(II) oxide
Combustion tubeKuprum(II) oksida
Tiub pembakaran Hydrogen flame
Hydrogen gas
Gas hidrogen Nyalaan hidrogen
Dilute hydrochloric acid
Asid hidroklorik cair
Asbestos paper
Heat Kertas asbestos
Panaskan

Anhydrous calcium chloride


Zinc pieces Kalsium klorida kontang
Ketulan zink
DIAGRAM / RAJAH 1

Result :
Keputusan :

Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper = 58.36 g


Jisim tiub pembakaran + kertas asbestos

Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper + copper (II) oxide = 91.96 g


Jisim tiub pembakaran + kertas asbestos+ kuprum (II) oksida

Mass of combustion tube + asbestos paper + copper = 85.24 g


Jisim tiub pembakaran + kertas asbestos+ kuprum

(a) What is meant by empirical formula?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula empirik?
25
......
...........................................
[1 mark]
(b) What is the function of anhydrous calcium chloride?
Apakah fungsi kalsium klorida kontang?

......
...........................................
[1 mark]

(c) How to ensure that the combustion tube has been totally filled with
hydrogen gas?
Bagaimana untuk memastikan bahawa tiub pembakaran telah
dipenuhi dengan gas hidrogen?

.
....
.................................................................................................................
..........................
[2 marks]
(d) Based on the above results,
Berdasarkan keputusan di atas,

(i) Calculate the mass of copper and the mass of oxygen that have
reacted.
Hitungkan jisim kuprum dan jisim oksigen yang bertindak balas.

[1 mark]

(ii) Calculate the mole ratio of copper atoms to oxygen atoms.


Hitungkan nisbah mol bagi atom kuprum kepada atom oksigen.
[ Relative atomic mass / Jisim atom relatif : O = 16 ; Cu = 64 ]

[1 mark]
(iii) Determine the empirical formula of copper (II) oxide.
Tentukan formula empirik kuprum (II) oksida.

26
...............
.............................
[1 mark]
(iv) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in the experiment.
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas dalam eksperimen
tersebut.

.....
.......................................
[1 mark]

(e) Does this method suitable to determine the empirical formula of


aluminium oxide? Explain your answer.
Adakah kaedah ini sesuai untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi
aluminium oksida.
Jelaskan jawapan anda.

.
....
[2 marks]

2 Table 2 shows the proton number of a few elements in Period 3.


Jadual 2 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi sebahagian unsur dalam Kala
3.

Element
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Chlorine Argon
Unsur
Proton number
11 12 13 17 18
Nombor proton

TABLE / JADUAL 2
Based on Table 2, answer the following questions :
Berdasarkan Jadual 2, jawab soalan-soalan berikut :

(a) Name two metals.


Namakan dua logam.


...
[1 mark]
(b) Chlorine is in the group 17 in the Periodic Table. What is another name
for group 17?
Klorin terletak dalam Kumpulan 17 dalam Jadual Berkala. Apakah
nama lain bagi kumpulan 17?



[1 mark]
(c) Write the electron arrangement of aluminium atom.
27
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom aluminium.



[1 mark]
(d) (i) Arrange the element in Table 2 according to their atomic sizes in
descending order.
Susunkan unsur dalam Jadual 2 mengikut susunan menurun saiz
atom.


.
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain your answer in (d) (i).
Terangkan jawapan anda di (d) (i).


....
[2 marks]
(e) When sodium is burnt in chlorine, sodium chloride is formed.
Apabila natrium dibakar dalam klorin, natrium klorida terbentuk.

(i) State one observation.


Nyatakan satu pemerhatian


.
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas itu.


.
[2 marks]
(iii) State one physical property of sodium chloride.
Nyatakan satu sifat fizik bagi natrium klorida.


.
[1 mark]

3 Diagram 3Zinc
shows the/ set-up of apparatus of a chemical cell.
plate
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas sebuah selCopper
kimia. plate /
Kepingan zink Kepingan kuprum
Zinc sulphate solution / Porous pot /
Larutan zink sulfat Pasu berliang
Copper(II) sulphate solution /
Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat
28/ RAJAH 3
DIAGRAM
(a) What is the function of the porous pot?
Apakah fungsi pasu berliang?

.................................................................................................................
........................
[1 mark]
(b) What is the energy change that occurs in the cell?
Apakah perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dalam sel itu?

...............
..........................................
[1 mark]
(c) State which metal plate acts as the
Nyatakan kepingan yang mana bertindak sebagai
negative terminal :
terminal negatif :

............................
........................................

positive terminal :
terminal positif :

............................
........................................
[1 mark]

(d) Write the half equation of the reaction at the


Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi tindak balas di
negative terminal :
terminal negatif :
............................
........................................
[1 mark]
positive terminal :
terminal positif :
............................
........................................
[1 mark]
(e) What is the colour change of the copper (II) sulphate solution? Explain
your answer.
Apakah perubahan warna yang berlaku kepada larutan kuprum(II)
sulfat? Terangkan jawapan anda.
29
....................................
.....................

...............
..........................................
[2 marks]
(f) Draw arrows indicating the flow of electrons in Diagram 3.
Lukis anak panah yang menunjukkan pergerakan elektron pada Rajah
3.
[1 mark]
(g) Describe how to increase the cell voltage.
Huraikan bagaimana anda dapat meningkatkan voltan sel di atas.

....................................
.....................

...............
..........................................
[2 marks]

4 Table 5 shows the result obtained from an experiment to determine the rate of
reaction between magnesium ribbon with excess hydrochloric acid solution. The
volume of gas released during the reaction was recorded every 30 second.
Jadual 5 di bawah menunjukkan keputusan yang diperolehi daripada satu
eksperimen untuk menentukan kadar tindak balas antara pita magnesium
dengan larutan asid hidroklorik berlebihan. Isipadu gas yang dibebaskan semasa
tindak balas dicatat setiap 30 saat.

Time / 0 3 6 90 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36
second 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Masa/ saat
Experiment
1
Eksperimen 0 1 3 42 54 66 75 84 90 96 99 99 99
I 5 0
Total of gas
volume
Jumlah
Isipadu gas /
cm3

TABLE / JADUAL 5
(a) (i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan tindak balas yang terlibat.

.
............................................
.................

30
[1 mark]
(ii) Draw a graph volume of gas against time on the graph paper.
Lukiskan graf isipadu gas melawan masa pada kertas graf.
[3 marks]

31
(iii) Based on the graph in (b), determine the average of rate of reaction.
Berpandukan graf di (b) tentukan kadar tindak balas purata bagi
tindak balas tersebut.

[2 marks]
(b) A student was carried out two experiments to determine the factor that
affect the rate of reaction between hydrochloric acid with magnesium.
Table 6 shows the result.
Seorang pelajar telah menjalankan dua eksperimen untuk menentukan
faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas antara asid hidrokorik
dengan magnesium. Jadual 6 di bawah menunjukkan keputusan yang
diperolehi.

Time taken for all magnesium


Experiment dissolve
Eksperimen Masa yang diambil untuk semua
magnesium melarut/s
Excess
Experiment hydrochloric
Eksperimen acid + 2 g of
I magnesium
ribbon.
Asid 40
hidroklorik
berlebihan
+ 2 g pita
magnesium

Excess
Experiment hydrochloric
Eksperimen acid + 2 g of
II magnesium
powder
Asid
20
hidroklorik
berlebihan
+ 2 g serbuk
magnesium

TABLE / JADUAL 6
(i) Referring to collision theory, explain why there is difference in result in
experiment I and Experiment II.
Merujuk kepada teori perlanggaran, terangkan mengapa terdapat
perbezaan keputusan dalam Eksperimen I dan Eksperimen II.
.................................................................................................................
.............................

32
.................................................................................................................
.............................

.................................................................................................................
.............................
[3 marks]

(ii) State another method to quicken magnesium dissolving in the


hydrochloric acid.
Nyatakan satu kaedah lain bagi mempercepatkan magnesium
melarut di dalam asid hidroklorik.

.................................................................................................................
..........................
[1 mark]

5 Diagram 6 shows the flow chart of the reaction of ethene.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan carta alir bagi tindak balas etena.

Ethene
etena
Combustion
pembakaran
Q Bromoethane
UV Bromoetana
P + H2O
Ethane Br2
etana

DIAGRAM / RAJAH 6

(a) (i) State the homologous series of ethene.


Nyatakan siri homolog bagi etena.


.
[1 mark]
(ii) Write the general formula of the homologous series that you
have stated in (a) (i).
Tuliskan formula am bagi siri homolog yang anda nyatakan di
(a) (i).


.
[1 mark]

(b) Ethene burnt completely to produce P and water.


Etena terbakar dengan lengkap untuk menghasilkan P dan air.

33
(i) Name substance P.
Namakan bahan P.


.
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in (b).


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di (b).



[2 marks]

(c) Name substance Q.


Namakan bahan Q.


...
[1 mark]

(d) Ethane react with bromine gas in the presence of UV light to produce
bromoethane.
Etana bertindak balas dengan gas bromin dalam kehadiran sinar UV
menghasilkan bromoetana.

(i) Name the reaction that occur.


Namakan tindak balas yang berlaku.


.
[1 mark]

(ii) State the observation in (d).


Nyatakan pemerhatian di (d).


.
[1 mark]

(e)
Ethane do not has isomers
Butane has two isomers
Etana tidak mempunyai isomer
Butana mempunyai dua isomer

Draw the structural formula of the two isomers of butane.


Lukiskan formula struktur bagi dua isomer butana

34
[2 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

35