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Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

Deformation of Beams
Solution methods
4.The Moment Area method
The moment-area method is one of the most effective methods for
obtaining the bending displacement in beams and frames. In this
method, the area of the bending moment diagrams is utilized for
computing the slope and or deflections at particular points along the
axis of the beam or frame. Two theorems known as the moment
area theorems are utilized for calculation of the deflection. One
theorem is used to calculate the change in the slope between two
points on the elastic curve. The other theorem is used to compute
the vertical distance (called tangential deviation) between a point on
the elastic curve and a line tangent to the elastic curve at a second
point.

2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 9-1


Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

The moment-area method of determining the deflection at any specified point


along a beam is a semi graphical method utilizing the relations between
successive derivatives of the deflection y and the moment diagram. For problems
involving several changes in loading, the area-moment method is usually much
faster than the double-integration method; consequently, it is widely used in
practice.

The moment-area theorems procedure can be summarized as:

If A and B are two points on the deflection curve of a beam,


EI is constant and B is a point of zero slope, then the Mohrs theorems state that:

(1) Slope at A = 1/EI x area of B.M. diagram between A and B

(2) Deflection at A relative to B = 1/EI x first moment of area of B.M diagram


between A and B about A.

2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 9-2


Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 9-3


Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 9-4


Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

Deformation of Beams

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

Deformation of Beams

The moment area Method


Determine the end slope and deflection of the mid-point C in the
beam shown below using moment area method ..

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Edition
Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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Fourth
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Fourth
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Fourth
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS Beer Johnston DeWolf

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