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ATR 42 / 72

SPZ 6000 DIGITAL AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL


SYSTEM

FAMILIARIZATION COURSE

for Aerospatiale - ATR

Honeywell Customer Support Nov 2000


SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

SPZ6000 SUBSYSTEMS
AHZ-600 Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)
2 AH600 Strapdown, Attitude Heading Reference Unit
2 FX600 Flux Valve
1 CS412 Dual Remote Compensator
ADZ-810 Air Data System
2 AZ810 Digital Air Data Computer
2 SI285 Airspeed Indicator
2 BA141 Baro Altitude Indicator
2 VS200 Vertical Speed Indicator
1 DS125 TAS/Temperature Indicator
EDZ-811 Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS)
2 SG811 Symbol Generator
2 DC810 Display Controller
4 ED800 Electronic Display
2 RIs Instrument Remote Controller
PRIMUS 800 Weather Radar System
1 WR800 Weather Radar Receiver-Transmitter
1 WC800 Weather Radar Controller
1 WA800 Weather Radar Antenna Pedestal
DFZ-600 Flight Guidance System
1 FZ600 Flight Guidance Computer
1 GC600 Flight Guidance Controller
1 ID802 Advisory Display
3 SM300 Servo Drive and Bracket
SYSTEM INTERFACES

Internal interfaces :
- ASCB : Avionics Standard Communication Bus
- AH EFIS : private serial buses - backup in case of ASCB failure
- EFIS parallel buses :
SG to on side EDs
ED to/from cross side ED
- Radar SG : two serial buses (control, video)
- Controllers serial buses :
DC SG
WC WR
GC FZ
- FZ SM : discrete and analog lines
- HT1000 -> SG & MCDU (Arinc 429)

External interfaces :
- On side radio inputs (analog/Proline) to SG
- Radio altimeter analog input to SGs & FZ
- Cockpit pushbuttons & annunciators
- Miscellaneous outputs to FDAU, transponder, EECs,

AVIONICS STANDARD COMMUNICATION BUS

Provides inter subsystems communications


Bi-directional serial bus (2/3 MHz)
Two wires (clock,data)
Bus activity organized by the bus controller located in the FZ
- controller sends requests to transmit to users (user request address)
- user responds (user response address)
Defined user message content :
- 8 frames of 25ms each
- frame period : 25*8 = 200ms
Data information update rate : 10, 20, 40 Hz
AH real time clocks synchronization on ASCB
ATTITUDE & HEADING REFERENCE SYSTEM

AHZ FUNCTION

Inertial sensor
Provides to EFIS and FGS : - aircraft attitude (pitch and roll)
- magnetic heading
to FGS : - attitude rates p, q, r
- accelerations Ax, Ay, Az
to RADAR: - aircraft attitude (pitch and roll)

AHZ ARCHITECTURE

2 Attitude Heading Reference Units AH600


2 Flux Valves FX600
1 Dual Magnetic Compensator CS412
2 Cockpit Push Buttons

AHZ INTERFACE

Internal interfaces :
- EFIS private lines to SGs :
attitudes, mag Hdg
- ASCB :
outputs : attitudes, mag Hdg, att rates, accel to FZ
inputs : TAS from AZ
- analog :
outputs : attitudes to WR (DC ratio 50 mV/deg)
inputs : TAS from on side AZ (DC ratio)
- discretes :
lamp/push button to/from PUSH TO ERECT

External interfaces :
- Synchro analog to cross side RMI & GNSSU (HDG) FDAU (Pitch, Roll, HDG)

STRAPDOWN SYSTEM

No gimbals, spinning mass follows the airframe


Rate sensitive signals
Long term references :
- attitudes :
three accelerometers : pitch & roll liquid toroids
normal force feedback
synchronization rate : 10/mn
- MAG HDG :
flux valve
synchronization rate : E-W 5/mn
N-S 2,5/mn
Short term references :
- integration & conversion of gyrometers :
attitudes
platform HDG
- gyros bias wash out integrators
NORMAL MODE / BASIC MODE FOR ATTITUDES

Acceleration induced errors automatically compensated by TAS changes


Automatic basic mode :
- when TAS is invalid or below 60 Kts
- equivalent to VG with pitch & roll erection cut off (0,07g)
- sensitivity to aircraft shallow maneuvers
PUSH TO ERECT button for attitude fast synchronization (15 seconds minimum)

SLAVED MODE / PSEUDO DG MODE FOR MAG HDG

Flux valve hang off errors during turns & accelerations


DIP angle correction for flux valve hang off in turn
Automatic pseudo DG mode :
- when acceleration is above .1g or above 6/12
- sensitive to gyrometer drift : up to 1 /min

INITIALIZATION

Self test
Gyros bias picked off by integrators during 3 min alignment
Two 28VDC inputs, re-align in flight possible but with less accuracy.

INTERNAL MONITORING ( FLAGS )

Effect of a single failure : ATT & HDG flags


- loss of coupled FD mode (HDG/NAV/APP)
- no effect on AP/YD
- CPL DATA INVALID on ADU

Effect of a double failure : ATT flag only


- loss of FD modes
- loss of YD & AP
- AHRS DATA INVALID on ADU

EXTERNAL MONITORING ( COMPARATORS )

EFIS COMP (att : 6, mag Hdg : 6 / 12) : active with both AHs valid &
displayed

FZ COMP
- ATT COMP (att : 6, body rates : 6/s, accel : 0,1g) :
active with both Ahs valid
loss of FD modes
loss of YD & AP
AHRS DATA INVALID on ADU
- HDG COMP (6)
active with both AHs valid
AP basic mode returns to wing level
AIR DATA SYSTEM

ADZ FUNCTION

Pneumatic sensor
Provides :
- to indicators
indicated airspeed, VMO
Baro altitude
Baro altitude rate
true airspeed, total/static temperature
- to FGS
IAS, Baro altitude, altitude rate for FD modes
static & dynamic pressure, TAS for variable gains
- to AHRS
TAS for compensation
- to EFIS
IAS for speed deviation

ADZ ARCHITECTURE

2 Digital Air Data Computers AZ810


2 Speed Indicators SI285
2 Baro Altimeters BA141
2 Vertical Speed Indicators VS200
1 TAS/SAT Indicator DS125
1 ADC1/ADC2 Switch on 72 & 42-500

ADZ INTERFACE
Internal interface
- ASCB
outputs : to FZ, AHRUs and on side SG
inputs : none
- ANALOG
outputs : to on side indicators
TAS to on side AHRU
speed deviation from SI to SG
inputs : none
- Baro pressure setting interface

External interface
- ATR 42-300 :
analog to FDAU
discretes to CCAS
ATC interface
- ATR 72/42-500 :
ARINC 429 to FDAU, EECs & GNSSU (ADC1/ADC2 cockpit switch)
discretes to MFC
ATC interface
INTERNAL MONITORING

Effect of a single failure :


- loss of coupled vertical FD mode (IAS / VS / ALT)
- no effect on AP/YD
- CPL DATA VALID on ADU

Effect of a double failure :


- loss of FD modes (except APP dual CPL)
- loss of YD & AP (except in APP dual CPL mode)
- DADC DATA INVALID on ADU

EXTERNAL MONITORING (FZ COMPARATOR : dyn & alt press, IAS, TAS) :

Active with both AZs valid (except in APP dual CPL mode)
Loss of FD modes
Loss of YD & AP
DADC DATA INVALID on ADU
ELECTRONIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS SYSTEM

EDZ FUNCTION

Displays primary & navigation informations on 4 CRTs


Concentrates radio informations on ASCB

ARCHITECTURE

2 Symbol Generators Units SG811


2 Display Controllers DC810
4 CRTs ED800
2 Remote Controllers RI801 & RI802
6 Cockpit Push Buttons

EDZ INTERFACE

Internal interface
- ASCB :
Outputs : on side radios to FGS & cross side SG
Inputs : IAS from on side AZ
FD modes annunciation from FZ
- EFIS private lines :
attitudes, mag heading from AHs
- Serial video & control buses from WR
- ARINC 429 from HT1000 GNSSU
- Analog :
Inputs : speed ref to SG from on side SI
CRS & HDG syncros from RIs
Outputs : none
- Discrete : cockpit switches & lamps to/from DCs
- DC serial bus : to SG
- SG parallel buses : to EDs
- Inter EDs parallel buses
- DIM PWM & discrete : from DC to EDs & SG

External interface
- Analog / PROLINE inputs : from on side radios
- Analog input : radio altimeter
- Discrete :
EFIS COMP, DH warn from SGs to CCAS on 42-300 / MFC on 72/42-500
EFIS COMP clear to SGs
FD bars On/Off switches to DCs
radio altimeter test from SGs
- Program pins
EADI SYMBOLOGY (primary informations)
Aircraft symbol
Pitch & roll attitudes sphere
Fast slow pointer
LOC & GS pointers, marker when radio frequency tuned to localizer
Radio altitude below 2500ft & rising runway below 200ft
Decision height
FD pitch & roll command bars
FD modes & couple status annunciation
AP ENG & TCS ENG annunciation

EADI AMBER CAUTION & FAILURE ANNUNCIATIONS

Attitude source annunciation


- normal operation : no annunciation
- reversionary operation : ATT1 / 2 amber on both sides

Symbol generator source annunciation


- normal operation : no annunciation
- reversionary operation : SG1 / 2 amber on both sides

Comparator monitors
- pitch & roll attitudes : 6
- mag headings : 6/12
- ILS in APP mode : 2/3 dot

Excessive ILS deviation (LOC : 1/3 dot, GS : 3/4 dot) in dual coupling cat2 APP mode

Decision Height warning

AP MSG
RNV MSG

Failure warnings
- radio altitude
- decision height
- flight director

EADI RED FAILURE ANNUNCIATIONS


Attitude
ILS
Fast Slow
Symbol generator
EHSI SYMBOLOGY ( Navigation informations )
Aircraft symbol
MAG Heading display
HDG select bug & readout
Bearing pointers & source annunciators
CRS select pointer & readout
CRS select deviation bar & TO/FROM annunciator
DME distance & TTG / GSPD
GS pointer when radio frequency tuned to localizer
Weather radar mode & TGT annunciation

EHSI SYMBOLOGY IN ARC DISPLAY


Range rings
Weather returns

EHSI AMBER CAUTION & FAILURE ANNUNCIATIONS

Heading source annunciation


- normal operation : no annunciation
- reversionary operation : HDG1 / 2 amber on both sides

Navigation source annunciation


- normal operation : VOR1 CPT side / VOR2 on F/O side in white
- reversionary operation : VOR1 / 2 amber on both sides

DME hold

Weather radar target alert

Failure warnings
- HDG select
- CRS select
- DME, TTG / GSPD
- weather radar

EHSI RED FAILURE ANNUNCIATIONS

Heading
VOR & ILS

EADI / EHSI COMPOSITE MODE

Selection
Radar dim

NORMAL MODE / REVERSIONARY MODE

Normal mode : displays on side informations


- ATT / HDG
- VOR / ILS
- SG
Reversionary mode
- displays cross side information
- CPT priority over F/O
EFIS EXPANDED ENGINEERING TEST

With WOW, on DC810, set a DH of 900 ft or above , press TEST + GSPD/TTG and
maintain them.

From 900 to 930 ft, it provides SGU internal various CPU statuses.

940 ft provides SENSOR STATUS #1:

- PRI AHRS (PASCB) : DATA


- SEC AHRS (SASCB): DATA
- VOR/LOC (ANLG) : DATA
- DME (ANLG) : DATA
- XSIDE SG (ASCB) : DATA

950 ft provides SENSOR STATUS #2:

- PRI LRN (ASCB): NONE


- SEC LRN (561) : NONE
- LTNG (429) : N/A
- WX (DIG) :
- RAD ALT (ANLG) : DATA
- ADF (SYN) : DATA
- FLT DIR (ASCB) : DATA
- DC CNTRLR (DIG): DATA
- MLS : NONE

960 ft provides PROGRAM PIN STATUS

01234567890123456789
00 x x x xx xxx
20 xxxx x x
40
60
80 xxxxxx
100 x
DIN
VIN xxx x

970 to 999 ft is for future growth


WEATHER RADAR

P800 FUNCTION

Detects and displays storm returns in weather mode


Displays ground returns in MAP mode

P800 ARCHITECTURE P660


1 Transmitter Receiver WR800 1 Transmitter Receiver Antenna WU660
1 Antenna Pedestal with Plate WA800 N/A
1 Radar Controller WC800 1 Radar Controller WC660
Aircraft Waveguide N/A

P800 INTERFACE P660


System interface :
- serial bus from WC
- WR power on discrete from WC
- azimuth & elevation motors drive signals from WR to WA
--------- N/A
- elevation position synchro & tachometer from WA to WC
--------- N/A
- azimuth resolver from WA to WC --------- N/A

Output serial buses to SGs :


- video buses : weather returns
- control buses : modes & TGT arm annunciation

TGT discrete to SGs

Analog inputs from CPT AH for stabilization

No Forced Standby while on Ground WOW ->


FSTBY

RADAR BASICS P660

Radio magnetic impulsions at 9.3Ghz / 1 kW 10 kW


Energy propagation speed : 1NM = 12 microsec
Pulse length & pulse repetition frequency vs. range & mode
120 azimuth scans at a rate of 14 looks per minute also 60 / 28
looks/mn
Elevation : +/- 15 tilt plus +/- 15 stabilization
Pitch & roll stabilization
Beam width 6
Beam illumination height vs. range
Tilt management Vs altitude & range for :
- maximum ground return
- minimum ground return
MODES OF OPERATION
OFF
- WR power supply off

STBY
- WR powered
- magnetron off
- scan inactive
- tilt active
- stabilization preset to value at +/- 60 scan

TEST
- magnetron firing = Transmitter output is radiated in TEST
- scan active
- tilt active
- stabilization active

WX
- green / yellow / red returns

GMAP

- blue / yellow / magenta returns


P660
FP : Flight Plan
presentation

SPECIAL FEATURES
Target Alert
- available in WX mode
- gain must be in preset
- TGT amber on EHSI if red target between +/- 7.5 of aircraft HDG and
60 to 120 Nm

Ground Clutter Reduction -------------N/A (P660)


- available in WX mode for ranges below 200 Nm
- can be used with RCT
- gain is automatically set to PRESET value

Rain Echo Attenuation Compensation Technique (REACT)


- available in WX mode
- gain is automatically set to PRESET value
- blue field when gain calibration range is exceeded
- all targets after calibration range displayed in red
TEST
P660
Magnetron is firing during the test
-> Transmitter output is radiated in TEST in forced stanby if WOW
Stay away by at least 3 meters So not transmitting

Noise band between 80 & 100 Nm :


- oscillator, AFC & receiver gains tested
- magnetron not fully tested
- Waveguide not fully tested

Stabilization test :
- radar in STBY
- scan off and center antenna plate
- tilt to zero
- GMT to AHRS test
- alternative actions STBY / TEST / STBY change tilt setting from -2 to +12

RADAR SPOKING

Type of spoke :
- AFC type
red spoke at random positions
no returns between spokes
one new spoke every 2 to 5 sec
tilt has no effect
higher level at long range
- ground / sky returns type
ground returns : red spokes
sky returns : voids
normal returns between spokes
spokes are at fixed azimuth positions
change with tilt & stabilization

Probable causes
- AFC type :
emitter receiver
Waveguide
- ground / sky type
antenna glitching (negator spring lubrification)
115 / 26 Vac reference phases to WR and cpt AH

COMMON TRAPS

MOD on/off switch on WR800


STAB on/off switch on WR800
SCAN on/off switch on WA800 (FAIL amber in test mode)
Radar dim off on EHSI (TX purple on EHSI)

Dry clouds are not reflective so not detected by radar


FLIGHT GUIDANCE SYSTEM OVERVIEW

DFZ600 FUNCTIONS

Flight Director
Yaw Damper
Autopilot
ASCB Bus Controller
Altitude Alert

DFZ600 ARCHITECTURE
Flight Guidance Computer

Guidance Controller GC600 to :


- select flight director modes
- engage / disengage Autopilot & yaw damper

Servomotors SM300 to :
- control pitch / roll / yaw axis when Autopilot/yaw damper are engaged

Advisory Display Unit ID802 for :


- system status operational white & green messages
- warning & caution amber messages

Remote Controller RI802 for:


- altitude selection

Aircraft controls :
- Autopilot quick disconnect push buttons
- Touch Control Steering push buttons
- GA push buttons
- pedals dynamometric rods / pitch control rods
- WOW switch
- AFCS FLT NORM switch
- FD bars on/off switches

Aircraft annunciators ;
- AP OFF & GUIDANCE lamps
- AP OFF cavalry charge
- ALT ALERT horn
- CAT2 INVALID click
DFZ600 INTERFACE

INTERNAL INTERFACE

- ASCB :
inputs from AHs, AZs, SGs
outputs to SGs & ID
- GC serial buses
- ID interface to GC
- servomotors interface :
clutch, drive & feedback

EXTERNAL INTERFACE

- aircraft pitch trim signals :


clutch & drive signal
- radio altimeter input
- discretes to/from GC & FZ :
aircraft switches
lamps & warnings
CCAS on 42 / MFC on 72 & 42-500
radio alti test inhibit

Different P/N:
On ATR 42-300 -> -605
On ATR 72 -> -606/-609
On ATR 42-500 -> - 607/-608

608 on ATR42-500 adds


- Steep Approach option. Will require an extra cockpit switch.
- Remove tail wind CAT 2 operational limitation
- Improve filtering on Roll axis inducing yoke vibration
- Resolve intermittent 100ft of error in Alt capture.
FGS MODES OF OPERATION

FLIGHT DIRECTOR

Pilot mental relief to compute pitch & roll attitude changes needed to control
flight path.

Control laws split between lateral and longitudinal axis.

Flight director commands executed by :

PILOT who centers the EADI bars


OR
AUTOPILOT when engaged

Lateral modes :
- HDG : select, maintain and change heading.
- NAV : intercept and track VOR radial or LOC beam or GNSSU lateral Steering
command

Vertical modes :
- IAS : select, maintain and change heading.
- VS : select, maintain and change vertical speed.
- ALT : maintain Baro altitude.
- automatic ALT SEL : capture and maintain selected altitude.
- pitch wheel in IAS & VS.
- TCS in IAS, VS & ALT.

Common modes :
- APP : intercept and track LOC and GS beams.
- GA : perform a Go Around.
APPROACH MODE :

GS * (need to be in LOC* to have GS*)


LOC

GS (need to be in LOC to have GS)

1200 ft c CPL ILS COMPARATOR ACTIVATED

800 ft CAT 2 INVALID if still in CPL

500 ft ILS EXCESS DEV ACTIVATED if in CAT2

100 ft GS EXCESS DEV DESACTIVATED

ILS mismatch (comparator)


- return to single couple, selects smallest ILS
- NAV MISMATCH R SEL on ADU
- CAT 2 INVALID on ADU
- ILS comp on EADIs

Excess deviation
- EXCESS DEV on ADU
- flashing amber scale & pointer on EADIs

Conditions for CAT 2


- both AHs valid
- one AZ valid
- both SGs valid
- both ILSs valid
- radio altimeter valid
- must be in dual coupling above 800ft
- no ILS mismatch in FD
AUTOPILOT & YAW DAMPER

Pilot physical relief to :


- stabilize yaw rate oscillations (yaw damper)
- stabilize pitch & roll attitude and execute flight director commands (Autopilot)

Flight director vs Autopilot control laws :


- outer loops
- inner loops : attitude & attitude rate loops
servo loops

Autotrim command to wash out pitch out of trim forces :


- autotrim engage discrete to aircraft relay
- autotrim drive signal to trim actuators

Autopilot & yaw damper engagement & manual disengagement :

AP YD AP YD ADU message
engage engage disengage disengage

GC 600 AP Steady
push button AP DISENGAGE

GC 600 YD Steady AP/YD


push buttons DISENGAGE

AP quick steady
disconnect AP DISENGAGE
push buttons

TCS pushed TCS ENGAGED

TCS released clears TCS ENG.

GA push steady
buttons AP DISENGAGE

Normal & steady


standby pitch AP DISENGAGE
trim

Pedals steady
dynamometric AP DISENGAGE
rods (30daN)

Pitch steady AP/YD


dynamometric DISENGAGE
rods (10daN)

WOW Steady AP/YD


DISENGAGE
FGS MONITORING

FZ INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE

Two processors A & B performing :


- HDW control tasks
analog inputs/outputs
servo outputs
discrete inputs/outputs
GC serial buses data
interprocessors data transfer
- operational SFW tasks
FD mod logic
AP/YD/autotrim engage/disengage logic
control laws
monitoring functions

Real time clocks to manage tasks sequencement

Servo switching hardware control operation

SERVO SWITCHING CONTROL

Servo engage relays


- three relays
- allow 28V to SMs & trim relay
- need clutch valid from only one processor :
A processor controls trim relay
B processor controls SMs
- normal path for servo declutch ( manual / sensor monitoring )

Servo power relay


- allows 28V to servo engage relays
- needs FGC valid signal from both processors
- closed only during power up or reset sequences
- opened in case of an internal failure detection
- back up path for servo declutch ( servo switching monitor )

MONITORING CONCEPT

External sensors monitoring :


- single failure ( AH, AZ, radio flag ) :
FD mode drops off if coupled to flagged sensor
AP / YD remain engaged
- double failure ( AH, AZ flags or mismatch )
FD mode drops off
AP / YD automatic disengagement
failure conditions NOT RECORDED IN FFS

Internal ( FZ, GC, SMs ) monitoring :


- loss of AP / YD or AP only functions
- FD may be lost ( FD fail )
- failure conditions RECORDED IN FFS
INTERNAL MONITORING

1) HDW monitors :
- loss of FD ( FD fail )
- AP / YD disengagement => DASH Line ---------------- on ADU
or AFCS INVALID on ADU

2) Performance monitors :
- check proper execution of software control laws
- AP / YD or AP only disengagement => AFCS INVALID on ADU
- FD still available or AP INVALID

3) Servo switching monitors :


- monitor correct status of servo clutches
- AP / YD disengagement => AFCS INVALID on ADU
- FD still available

Internal monitors latched on 42

Automatic recovery on 72 ( not available in VOR & LOC modes )

1) HARDWARE MONITORS
DASH Line ---------------- on ADU

Power supply
GC Serial bus
ASCB

AFCS INVALID on ADU

A/D Converters
D/A A/D wrap around
Real time clocks
Status transfer RAM
Excessive heart bit monitor resets

2) PERFORMANCE MONITORS

Closure monitors :
- three monitors, A processor
- AP/YD disengagement
- protection against dormant AP/YD
- probable cause :
FZ, SM, AH
loose control cable tension

Servo motion monitors :


- three monitors, A processor
- AP/YD disengagement
- protection against > 5 deg/sec hardovers
- probable cause :
FZ, SM
clutch wiring
turbulence
pilot action
Normal acceleration monitor :
- one monitor, A processor
- AP/YD disengagement
- protection against > .5g maneuvers
- probable cause :
FZ, AH
flap switches/GC/wiring
heavy turbulence

Servo amplifier monitors :


- three monitors, B processor
- AP/YD disengagement ( yaw monitor )
- AP only disengagement ( pitch / roll monitor )
- probable cause :
FZ, SM
drive signal wiring

Servo feedback B processor monitors :


- three monitors
- AP / YD disengagement ( yaw monitor )
- AP only disengagement ( pitch / roll monitor )
- verify servo Ohms law : V=RI+bemf
- probable cause :
FZ, SM
drive / tach wiring

Servo feedback A processor monitors :


- three monitors
- AP / YD disengagement
- verify servo Ohms law : V=RI+bemf
- B processor should trip first
- probable cause :
FZ

Pitch trim runaway monitor :


- one monitor, B processor
- AP only disengagement
- probable cause :
FZ
trim actuators
drive signal wiring

Pitch trim inoperative monitor :


- one monitor, B processor
- prevents AP reengagement
- probable cause :
FZ
trim relay
drive signal wiring
SM (?)
3) SERVO SWITCHING MONITORS

Two monitors : A & B processors


AP/YD disengagement
Four authorized configurations ( truth table ) of 32 discretes & logic equations :
- AP/YD disengaged
- YD only engaged
- AP/YD engaged not in TCS
- AP/YD engaged in TCS
First monitor which detects an unauthorized status opens Servo Power Relay
In most cases second monitor trips also once the Servo Power Relay is opened
ADU DISENGAGE MESSAGE

Manual disengage : only one message steady

AP/YD DISENGAGE
or
AP DISENGAGE

Automatic disengage
- two messages ( except stall warning, trim asym, pitch rod on 42 )
- first message flashing :

AP/YD DISENGAGE
or
AP DISENGAGE

- second message :
external monitoring

AHRS DATA INVALID


or
DADC DATA INVALID

internal monitoring
---------
or
AFCS INVALID
or
AP INVALID

ADU FAILURE & CAUTION MESSAGES

FLIGHT DIRECTOR MESSAGES

CPL DATA INVALID


- flag of coupled sensor :
AZ flag (IAS/VS/ALT modes)
VOR flag +30s (VOR MODE)
ILS flag +3s (LOC/APP modes)
SG flag (HDG/NAV/APP modes)
AH flag (HDG/NAV/APP)
- associated FD mode drops off

CHECK NAV SOURCE


- incorrect frequency tuning of coupled radio receiver/GNSSU in NAV/APP modes
- NAV/APP mode drops off

CAT2 INVALID
- loss of CAT2 conditions in APP mode

EXCESS DEV
- ILS deviation ( LOC : 1/3 dot, GS : 3/4 dot) in dual coupling CAT2
APP mode below 500ft

NAV MISMATCH R SEL


- ILS receivers mismatch ( 2/3 dot ) in dual coupling APP mode
- returns to single coupling, selects smallest ILS

AUTOPILOT & YAW DAMPER MESSAGES


YD DISENGAGED
- steady : YD disengagement ( GC YD pushbutton, pedals
dynamometric rods, WOW )
- flashing : YD automatic disengagement

AP DISENGAGED
- steady : AP manual disengagement ( GC AP pushbutton, AP quick
disconnect pushbuttons, normal/standby pitch trim buttons, stall warning
& trim asym on 72, GA pushbuttons, WOW)
- flashing : AP automatic disengagement

AP/YD DISENGAGEMENT
- steady : AP & YD manual disengagement ( GC YD pushbutton, pedals
dynamometric rods, WOW )
- flashing : AP & YD automatic disengagement

AFCS INVALID
- follows a YD/AP automatic disengagement
- disengagement caused by a FGS internal monitor
- use Flight Fault Summary for troubleshooting

AP INVALID
- follows an AP automatic disengagement
- disengagement caused by a FGS internal monitor
- use Flight Fault Summary for troubleshooting

DASH LINES : --------------


- follows a YD/AP automatic disengagement
- disengagement caused by loss of the ASCB bus
- use Troubleshooting Manual section 2.1 for troubleshooting

AHRS DATA INVALID


- follows a YD/AP automatic disengagement
- disengagement caused by AH ( two flags/mismatches )
- use Ground Maintenance Test for troubleshooting

DADC DATA INVALID


- follows a YD/AP automatic disengagement
- disengagement caused by DADC ( two flags/mismatches )
- use Ground Maintenance Test for troubleshooting

FLAP DATA INVALID


OUT OF TRIM MESSAGES
PITCH TRIM FAIL
- pitch autotrim doesnt work
- Autopilot must be disengaged manually
- Autopilot cannot be reengaged

PITCH MISTRIM
- pitch out of trim condition ( >5daN for more than 10s )
- Autopilot must be disengaged manually

RETRIM ROLL R/L WING DN


- roll out of trim condition ( 7.5 to 2.5daN, delay : 2 to 20s )
- yaw axis must be trimmed
- roll trim inhibit

AILERON MISTRIM
- roll out of trim condition ( >7.5daN for more than 2s )
- Autopilot must be disengaged manually

MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGES
NO ENGAGEMENT ON GROUND
ENGAGE INHIBIT
NO WOW
IAS TOO HIGH
GROUND MAINTENANCE TEST

The GMT is only available on ground with an IAS of less than 60kts

GMT ACTIVATION

AFCS flt norm switch on captain lateral console


ADU RSEL/LSEL switches to browse through menu
ADU RESET switch to activate menu items
ADU RSEL/LSEL switches to answer

GMT TASK PARTITIONING

FZ : - operator dialog
- FGS test ( FGC, GC, ADU ,servos )
- other LRUs test execution control

AZ, AH & SG tests executed locally by each LRU

01 FGC TEST

Preflight test : internal hardware


- processors synchronization
- heartbeat monitor operation
- inputs/outputs
- PROMs checksums
- RAM
- FZ strapping pins

In progress
- servo interface ( clutch, drive, feedback ) & servos operation
- pitch autotrim interface

02 GUIDANCE CNTRL TEST

GC/ADU pushbuttons & serial buses with FZ


Pitch wheel
GC arrow lamps
SGs radio altitude test inhibit
FGS outputs :
- lamps : AP OFF, GUIDANCE, ALT ALERT
- audio warnings : AP DISC, ALT ALERT, CAT2 INVALID
FGS inputs :
- GA & TCS pushbuttons
- flaps handle switches
- stall warning

03 ADU TEST

AP/YD servo clutches interface


ADU push buttons & GC serial buses

04/05/06 SERVO TESTS

Gust lock must be removed to allow surface motion


Servos interface ( +28V clutch, drive & feedback signals )
Servos operation ( clutch, motor & feedback tach )

07 PITCH TRIM TEST

Trim interface ( +28V, drive signal )


Aircraft trim operation ( aircraft relay, actuators )

20 AHRS TESTS

ASCB outputs
EFIS private lines
PUSH TO ERECT switches
Software algorithms ( Euler angles conversion, ... )
Internal hardware :
- processor ( ROM, RAM, heartbeat )
- orientation pins
- ASCB receiver/transmitter monitoring devices
- switched power
- gyros : speed
excitation
output reasonableness
temperature reasonableness
- gyros excessive drift
- accelerometers output reasonableness
- analog outputs wrap around

21 DADC TESTS

ASCB outputs
Internal hardware :
- ROM
- power supply
- sensors :
F/D & A/P conversions
output reasonableness
temperature probe reasonableness
- TAT probe reasonableness
Indicators interface :
- DADC outputs
- Baro setting potentiometer
- speed deviation potentiometer ( only on 72 )
Indicators operation

22 EFIS TEST ( only on 72/42-500 )


SG outputs
Reversion operation :
- EFIS pushbutton interface
- inter EDs interface
Controller pushbuttons & DC interface
RI801/802 interface
VOR/ILS, ATT/HDG pushbuttons & FD BARS OFF switches
Sensors interface ( on side & cross side sensors ) :
- radios : VOR/LOC, DME & ADF receivers
- Long Range Navigation source ( FMS / GNSSU )
- radio altimeter
- AH
- weather radar
Programming pins

40 AIRCRAFT SWITCHES
GC serial buses with FZ
Radio altimeter test operation
AP ENG VOR/LOC receivers test inhibit ( Collins only )
FGS outputs :
- lamps : AP OFF, GUIDANCE, ALT ALERT
- audio warnings : AP DISC, ALT ALERT, CAT2 INVALID
FGS inputs :
- AP DISC, GA & TCS pushbuttons
- FLAPS handle switches
- Normal/Standby pitch trim buttons
- pedals dynamometric rods

41 SUBSYSTEM STATUS TEST


AHRUs, SGUs & DADCs ASCB outputs

98 FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY


Stores fault data words in FZ RAM after :
- FGS power up failure
- AP/YD automatic disengage caused by a FGS internal monitor

99 GROUND TEST SUMMARY


FLIGHT FAULT SUMMARY
Stores fault data words in FZ RAM after :
- FGS power up failure
- AP/YD automatic disengage caused by a FGS internal monitor

Fault data available on ADU through GMT :


- three data lines
- data coded in 4 digit words
- word coding
1 word = 4 digits ( 0 to F )
1 digit codes 4 binary data in hexa decimal

DIGIT DECIMAL DATA


(hexadec.) (binary)
0 0 0000
1 1 0001
2 2 0010
. . .
. . .
. . .
A 10 1010
B 11 1011
C 12 1100
D 13 1101
E 14 1110
F 15 1111

1 word codes 4 times 4 = 16 bits


- lines A & B coding
automatic disengage fault data
line A : 4 words coding FZ processor A fault data
line B : 4 words coding FZ processor B fault data
- line C coding
FGS powerup failure
3 words coding FZ processor A fault data
3 words coding FZ processor B fault data

Flight fault summary utilization :


- AP/YD automatic disengage caused by a FGS internal monitor
- read FFS content in hotel mode
- concentrate on lines A & B words 1 & 2
hardware/HBM or performance monitors : perform recommended
repair actions
servo switching monitors only : problem inside FZ
(exceptions : intermittent AP quick disconnect switch
AP servo power circuit breaker)

HDW/Perf Servo Switching


A 0 1
B 0 1
- lines A & B words 3 & 4 : for shop maintenance
- FGS power up failure : perform recommended repair actions in the
recommended order