Anda di halaman 1dari 34

COURSE SYLLABUS IN PERSONS AND FAMILY RELATIONS(*):

(Prepared by Judge Cynthia Martinez Florendo)

Objectives:
(1). To have the students familiarize themselves with the provisions of the laws
relative to persons and family relations
(2) To have the students understand the tenets of laws through jurisprudence.
a. To let students digest cases and for them to be able to cite the law of the
case and recite them in class
b. To let them write their digested cases in a composition notebook for them to
be able to practice writing and eventually have legible handwriting.

PERSONS (To be taught in a two week period)

I. Introduction
a. Distinction between civil law and common law
b. Civil Code of the Philippines ( Act Number; Effectivity)
c. Family Code of the Philippines (Act Number; Effectivity)

II. Effect and Application of Laws; Binding effects of laws (Articles 1-18)

Effectivity of laws
CC Art 2
Carbonell vs. Court of Appeals (69 SCRA 99) 1544 CC
Tanada vs. Tuvera (136 SCRA 27)

Ignorance of the law


CC Art 3
KASILAG VS. RODRIGUEZ, 69 PHIL 217
Elegado v. Court of Appeals, 173 SCRA 285

Retroactivity of laws
CC Art 4, cf. CC 2252 - 2269
Revised Penal Code (RPC) 22
Family Code (FC) 255

Frivaldo vs. Comelec, G.R. No. 120295, June 28, 1996


Gregorio vs. CA, G.R. No. L-22802, Nov. 29, 1968
Aruego vs CA, 254 SCRA 711
Cang vs CA, 296 SCRA 128
Francisco vs CA, 299 SCRA 188

Mandatory or Proibitory Laws


CC Art. 5 with CC Art. 17 (3)

Waiver of rights
CC Art. 6
NCC Art. 2035

PEFTOK Integrated Services vs. NLRC, G.R. No. 124841. July 31, 1998
Valderama vs. Macalde, 470 SCRA 168
DM Consunji vs. CA, G.R. No. 137873, April 20, 2001

Repeal of laws
CC Art 7
cf. 1987 Constitution, Art. XVIII Sec. 3

1
Mecano vs. COA, G.R. No. 103982, Dec. 11, 1992
Solangon vs. Salazar, G.R. No. 125944, June 29, 2001
Thornton vs. Thornton, Aug. 16, 2004

Judicial Decisions

CC Art.8
De Roy vs. CA, 157 SCRA 757
Pesca vs. Pesca, G.R. No. 136921. April 17, 2001

Duty to render judgment

CC Art 9
RPC Art 5

Presumption and Applicability of custom

CC Arts 10 - 12
cf. 1987 Constitution, Art. XII Sec. 5
Rules of Court Rule 129 (2), (3)

Martinez v. Van Buskirk, 18 Phil. 79


Alonzo vs Padua, 150 SCRA 379

Legal periods

CC Art 13
cf. Rules of Court (ROC) Rule 22
RAC Sec. 31

Armigos v. CA 179 SCRA 1


Namarco v. Tecson 29 SCRA 70
Go v. Dizon 214 SCRA 41 [See Concurring Opinion, J. Regalado]
Quiqui v. Boncaros, 151 SCRA 416

Applicability of Penal laws

CC Art 14

Binding effect

CC Art 15
cf. FC 26 par. 2
Barreto v. Gonzales 58 Phil 67
Tenchavez v. Escao 15 SCRA 355
Board of Commissioners vs. de la Rama, 197 SCRA 853

CC Art 16
CC Art 17
German vs. Donaldson, 1 Phil 63
CC Art 18

Doctrines and concepts:


a. Territoriality Rule (Perkins vs. Dizon, 69 Phil. 186)
b. Nationality Rule (Tenchavez vs. Escano, 15 SCRA 355)

2
c. Domiciliary Theory (Koh vs. Court of Appeals)
d. Renvoi Doctrine; Transmission Theory (Aznar vs. Garcia,7 SCRA 95)
e. Doctrine of Processual Presumption (Crescent Petroleum Ltd. vs. M/V Lok
Masheshwari the Shipping Corp. of India et al., 155014, Nov. 11, 2005)
f. Principle of Lex rei sitae (PCIB vs. Escolin, 56 SCRA 266)
g. Mobilia sequuntur personam (Wells Fargo Bank & Union Trust Co., vs. Collector,
70 Phil 325)
h. Lex loci celebrationis (Germna & Co. vs. Donaldson, Sim & Co., Phil Scra 63)
i. Lex loci solutionis
j. Eclectic Theory (Application of the lex situs principle in every element of a
crime)

III. Human Relations (Articles. 13-36)


a. The Golden Rule in Law
b. Rule on Unjust Enrichment

NCC 19 - 22
People v. Ritter 194 SCRA 690
De Tavera vs. Philippine Tuberculosis Society, 112 SCRA 243
Llorente vs. Sandiganbayan, 287 SCRA 382
Carpio vs. Valmonte, G.R. No. 151866, Sept. 9, 2004
Nikko Hotel Manila Garden vs. Reyes, G.R. No. 154259. Feb. 28, 2005.

c. Liability For Fault or Negligence


d. Dependent and Independent Civil Actions
e. Pre-judicial Question

IV. Civil personality


a. General Provisions (Articles 37-39)
b. Natural Persons (Articles 40-43)
Commencement and termination of personality

1. Natural Persons

(a) Birth

CC Arts 40 - 41
1987 Constitution, Art. II Sec. 12
P.D. 603 [Child and Youth Welfare Code], Art. 5
FC 164
RPC Arts. 256 - 259
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, 93 S.Ct. 705, 35 L.ed. 2d 147
Geluz v. CA 2 SCRA 801
Quimiging v. Icao 34 SCRA 134
De Jesus v. Syquia 58 Phil 866
Continental Steel vs. Montano, GR 182836, October 13, 2009

(b) Death

CC Art 42

Limjoco v. Intestate Estate of Pio Fragante 80 Phil 776


Dumlao v. Quality Plastics 70 SCRA 472
Eugenio v. Velez 185 SCRA 425
Marcos v. Manglapus, G.R. No. 88211. Oct. 27, 1989

CC Art 43

3
ROC Rule 131 Sec. 3 (jj) - (kk) (1989 Rev. Rules on Evidence)

Joaquin v. Navarro 93 Phil 257

c. Juridical Persons (Articles 44-47)


Juridical capacity
Natural persons (Roldan vs. Phil. Veterans Board, 105 Phil. 1081)
Provisional Personality
Juridical persons
Capacity to Act
Effects of Incapacity
Cessation of Civil Personality
Presumption of Survivorship

Batas Pambansa Blg. 68 (Corp. Code), Secs. 2, 4, 17


NCC 1767-1768

Barlin v. Ramirez 7 Phil 41


Camid vs. Office of the President, G.R. No. 161414. Jan. 17, 2005
Juasing vs Hardware, July 30, 1982

Restrictions on civil capacity

1. Presumption of capacity

Catalan vs. Basa, G.R. No. 159567, July 31, 2007

2. Restrictions on capacity to act

CC Art 38 - 39, cf. NCC 1327

(a) Minority

1. Age of majority, R.A. 6809


2. A.M. NO. 03-02-05-SC Rules on Guardianship
3. Suffrage, Sec. 1 Art. V 1987 Constitution [cf. Sangguniang
Kabataan]
4. Marriage, FC 5; cf. R.A. 6809
5. Contracts

CC Art 1327
CC Art 1390 (par. 1), 1403 (par. 3)
CC Arts 1397, 1399
CC Art1489
CC Arts1426 - 1427

Mercado v. Espiritu 37 Phil 215


Bambalan v. Maramba 51 Phil 417
Suan Chian v. Alcantara 85 Phil 669
Braganza v. Villa-Abrille 105 Phil 456

(6) Criminal liability

RPC 12 (2) - (3);


RPC 13 (2); PD 603 Secs. 189 - 204

Also see: Rule 3, Section 5 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure

4
(c) Insanity

1. Marriage, FC Art 45 (2)


2. Contracts, CC Art. 1327, 1328
3. Criminal liability,

RPC 12 (1)
Rule 101, Rules of Court

US v. Vaguilar, 27 Phil 88
People v. Rafanan 204 SCRA 65
Standard Oil v. Arenas, supra
Hernandez vs Santos, G.R. No. 169217, August 7, 2009

(c) Deaf-Mutism, CC Arts 1327 (2), 807 & 820


(d) Prodigality, ROC Rule 92 Sec. 2
(e) Civil Interdiction, RPC 31, 41
(f) Family Relations

FC 150-151; cf. FC 87
CC Art 1490
CC Art 2035
cf. CC Arts 963-967
(g) Alienage, cf. Art. IV, Secs. 1-5, 1987 Constitution

Corodora vs COMELEC, February 19, 2009

(h) Absence, CC Art 381 - 396

(i) Insolvency and Trusteeship, CC Arts 1381, 1491, 2236

Villanueva vs. CA, G.R. No. 114870, May 26, 1995.

(j) Gender, Art. II, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution; cf. NCC 403
See also: Rule 3 Section 4, 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure

V. Citizenship and Domicile (Articles 48-51)

a. Distinction between domicile and residence


b. Citizenship (Article IV of the 1987 Constitution)
Jus sanguinis; Jus soli

1. Juridical persons, CC Art 51

2. Natural persons
CC Art 50
FC 68-69, cf. NCC 110
cf. FC 55, 101, 149, 152, 101

Romualdez-Marcos vs COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300

FAMILY RELATIONS (Family Code of the Philippines)

5
References: Persons and Family Relations by Jurado; by Tolentino; by Vitug; by
Sta. Maria and by Sempio-Diy.

Osmea v Osmea, G.R. No. 171911, January 26, 2010

A. Effect and Retroactivity


E.O. 29, as amended by E.O. 227, R.A. 8609, R.A. 7160
FC 255, cf. FC 36 in rel. to 39, FC 105, FC 162, FC 257

Lupo Atienza v. Judge Brilliantes, 243 SCRA 32


Bernabe vs. Alejo, 374 SCRA 180

B. Repeal/Amendment
FC 253, 255

I. Marriage

A. The concept of

FC 1 cf. CC 52, FC 149


Art II Sec. 12, 1987 Constitution
Art. XV Sec. 2, 1987 Constitution

Estrada v Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651. August 4, 2003

B. Nature of marriage in Philippine law

FC 1 cf. Rule 131 Sec. 3, 1989 Rules on Evidence,


NCC 220
Muslim Code, (P.D. 1083) Sec. 14

Goitia vs Campos-Rueda, 35 Phils 252


Go vs. Court of Appeals 272 SCRA 752
Silverio vs Republic, October 22, 2007
Amores v CSC, G.R. No. 170093, April 29, 2009
People v De La Cruz, G.R. No.187683, February 11, 2010
People v Poras, G.R. No. 177747, February 16, 2010

C. Agreements prior to marriage

1. Stipulations prior to marriage

FC 1 cf. CC 221
Panganiban v. Borromeo 58 Phil 367
In re Santiago 70 Phil 66
Selanova v. Mendoza 64 SCRA 69
Lichauco-de Leon v. CA 186 SCRA 345

2. Breach of promise to marry

CC 19 - 21; CC 2176; CC 1403 2(c)


Domalagan v. Bolifer 33 Phil 471
Cabague v. Auxilio, 92 Phil 294
Hermosisima v. CA 109 Phil 629
Wassmer v. Velez 12 SCRA 648
Tanjanco v. CA 18 SCRA 994
Baksh v. CA, 219 SCRA 115

6
D. Requisites for a valid marriage

1 Tolentino 222 - 269


Mariategui v. CA 205 SCRA 337

1. Kinds of requisites & effects of non-compliance

FC 2-3; FC 5; FC 45 cf. CC 53
RPC 350-351
De Mijares vs Villaluz, 274 SCRA 1
Mallion vs Alcantara, 506 SCRA 336

2. Essential requisites

(a) Legal Capacity

1. Gender, FC 2 ( 1) cf. FC 148


Silverio vs Republic, October 22, 2007

2. Age
FC 5; FC 35 (1); R.A. 6809 cf. FC 21
NCC 54 & 80 (1)
RPC 344
cf. DOJ Opinion 145 S.1991 (Oct. 1991)

3. Absence of impediment, FC 5
Garcia vs. Recio, 365 SCRA 437
Te vs. Choa, G.R. No. 126446, Nov. 29, 2000 (346 SCRA 327)

4. Parental consent,
FC 14; FC 45 cf. CC 61 & 95 (1)
Villanueva vs CA, 505 Scra 564

(b) Consent freely given by both spouses

1. Mistake as to identity,
FC 35 (5); CC 86 (1)

2. Effect of insanity, FC 45 (2)

3. Effect of fraud, FC 45 (3); FC 46, NCC 1338 1344


Anaya vs Palaroan, Nov. 26, 1970

4. Effect of force, intimidation and undue influence,


FC 45 (4); CC 1335 - 1337

5. Effect of physical incapacity/impotence, FC 45 (5)


Jimenez v. Caizares 109 Phil 27
Alcazar v Alcazar, G.R. No. 174451, October 13, 2009

6. Effect of affliction with STD, FC 45 (6)

5. Formal Requisites

(a) Marriage license


Republic v. CA, 236 SCRA 257
Cosca v. Palaypayan, 237 SCRA 249

7
Sy vs. CA, G.R. No. 127263, April 12, 2000
Alcantara vs. Alcantara, G.R. No. 167746, Aug. 28, 2007
De Castro v De Castro, G.R. No. 160172, February 13, 2008
Republic v Dayot, G.R. No. 175581, March 28, 2008

1. Where to apply, FC 9 - 10

2. Requirements for issuance

a. application, FC 11
b. proof of capacity, FC 12-14; FC 21 cf. CC 84

Sevilla vs Cardenas, 497 SCRA 429

cf. DOJ Opinion 50 S. 1991 (April 30, 1991)


DOJ Opinion 146 S. 1991 (Oct. 17, 1991)

c. parental advice, FC 15
d. marriage counseling, FC 16
e. publication, FC 17
f. investigation of impediments, FC 18
g. payment of fees, FC 19
h. family planning certificate, P.D. 965

3. Place where valid, FC 20


4. Period of validity, FC 20
Duties of the Civil Registrar, FC 24-25
Alcantara vs Alcantara, GR No. 167746, Aug. 28, 2007

5. marriages exempt from license requirement


FC 27-34, cf. NCC 76, P.D. 1083
Leda v. Tabang, 206 SCRA 395
Nial vs. Bayadog, G.R. 133778, Mar. 14, 2000
Manzano vs. Judge Sanchez, A.M. No. MTJ-00-1329, March 8, 2001
De Castro vs. De Castro, G.R. 160172, February 13, 2008
Republic vs Dayot, March 28, 2008

(b) Authority of the solemnizing officer

1. Who are authorized


FC 7, 10, 31 & 32
CC 56, 74, 76
R.A. 7160 (1991 Local Government Code),
Secs. 444(b)(1)(xviii), 445 (b)(1)(xviii)

Aranes vs Occiano, 380 SCRA 402


Navarro v. Domagtoy S.C. A.M. MTJ-96-1088, July 19, 1996

2. How authorized

FC 7 (2) cf. NCC 92-96


Villar v. Paraiso 96 Phil 659

3. Effect of absence of authority

FC 4; FC 35 (2)
RPC 352
cf. Tenchavez v. Escao, 15 SCRA 355 at page 360

8
4. Duties of the solemnizing officer, FC 23-24

5. Effect of irregularity, FC 4

(c) Marriage Ceremony

1. form of ceremony, FC 3 (3); FC 6 cf. FC 33, FC 8

Martinez v. Tan 12 Phil 731

2. Place for ceremony, FC 8; FC 28-29; FC 32-33

3. Issuance of marriage certificate, FC 6; FC 22

Madridejo v. De Leon 55 Phil 1


People v. Borromeo 133 SCRA 106

E. Law governing validity of marriages abroad


1 Tolentino 260 - 263

1. General rule in contracts


(a) As to form, NCC 17
(b) As to substantive requirements, NCC 15 & 17

2. Special rule in marriage


(a) lex loci celebrationis, FC 26; FC 21, FC 10

Yao Kee v. Sy-Gonzales, 167 SCRA 786


Republic vs. Orbecido III, G.R. No. 154380, October 5, 2005

(b) Exceptions,

FC 26 in relation to
FC 35(1), 35(4), 35(5), 36, 37 & 38
cf. NCC 71
DOJ Opinion No. 11 S. 1990 (Jan. 17, 1990)

F. Common-law marriages/ live-in relationships

FC 147, cf. RPC 350


Rule 131 Sec. 3, 1989 Rules on Evidence cf.NCC 220
FC 26 par. 1
NCC Book II, Title III (484-501)

Lesaca v. Lesaca, 91 Phil 135


Yaptinchay v. Torres, 28 SCRA 489
Eugenio v. Velez, supra
Estrada v Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651. August 4, 2003

G. Void Marriages

1 Tolentino 270 - 310


General rule, FC 4

1. Kinds of void marriages

(a) Absence of requisites

9
cf. VII (D) of Outline
FC 35 cf. FC 234, RA 6809
Alcantara v Mallion, GR NO. 1677446, August 18, 2007
De Castro v De Castro, G.R. No. 160172, February 13, 2008
So vs Valera, GR 150677, June 5, 2009

(b) Bigamous and polygamous marriages,

FC 35(4), 39, 40, 41, 44


RPC 344, 349
Apiag v. Cantero S.C. A.M. MTJ-95-1070, Feb. 12, 1997
Mercado vs Tan, 337 SCRA 122
Ty vs. CA, G.R. No.127406, Nov. 27, 2000
Morigo vs Morigo, 422 SCRA
Tenebro vs. CA, G.R. No. 150758. February 18, 2004 (read
concurring of Justice Vitug)
Mallion vs Alcantara, 506 SCRA 336

(c) Subsequent marriage, upon reappearance of absent spouse

FC 41 in relation to FC 42-44
NCC 390-391, FC 55 (9), FC 101

Jones v. Hortiguela 64 Phil 179


Republic vs. Nolasco, 220 SCRA 20, March 17, 1993
Bienvenido vs. Court of Appeals, 237 SCRA 676, October 24,
1994
Armas vs. Calisterio, 330 SCRA 201, April 6, 2000
Republic vs. Bermudez - Lorino, 449 SCRA 57, January 19, 2005
Republic vs. Court of Appeals, 458 SCRA 200, May 6, 2005
Manuel vs. People, 476 SCRA 461, November 26, 2005
Republic vs. Court of Appeals, 477 SCRA 277, December 9, 2005
Republic vs Tango, July 31, 2009

(d) Bad faith of both spouses, under FC 44

(e) Psychological incapacity under FC 36

FC 36, 39, 68-73


R.A. 8533

Lim v. CA 214 SCRA 237


Salita v. Magtolis, 233 SCRA 100
Krohn v. CA, 233 SCRA 146
Santos v. CA 240 SCRA 20
Chi Ming Tsoi v. CA G.R. No. 119190, Jan. 16, 1997
Republic v. Olaviano Molina (1997)
Hernandez vs. Court of Appeals, 320 SCRA 76, December
08, 1999
Marcos vs. Marcos, 343 SCRA 755, October 19, 2000
Republic vs. Dagdag, 351 SCRA 425
Malcampo-Sin vs. Sin, 355 SCRA 285, March 26, 2001
Pesca vs. Pesca, 356 SCRA 588, April 17, 2001
Republic vs. Tanyag-San Jose, 517 SCRA 123, February 6,
2007
Zamora vs. Court of Appeals, February 7, 2007
Navarro vs. Navarro, GR No. 162049, April 13, 2007
Republic vs Cabantug-Baguio, June 30, 2008

10
Almelor vs RTC-Las Pinas, GR No. 179620, Aug. 26, 2008
Laurena vs CA, GR No. 159220, Sept. 22, 2008
Te vs Te, GR No. 161793, Feb. 13, 2009
Ting vs Ting, GR 166562, March 31, 2009
Azcueta vs RP, G.R. No. 180668, May 26, 2009
So vs Valera, GR 150677, June 5, 2009
Halili v Halili, GR 165424, June 9, 2009 (Motion for Recon)
Najera vs Najera, GR 164817, July 3, 2009
Rumbaua vs Rumbaua, GR 166738, August 14, 2009
Aspillaga vs Aspillaga, GR 170925, October 26, 2009
Lim v Lim, G.R. No. 174464, February 4, 2010
Paz v Paz, G.R. No. 166579, February 18, 201

(f) Incestuous marriages, FC 37 cf. NCC 963-967

(g) Marriages against public policy

FC 38, compare FC 38(6) with NCC 80(6)


RPC 246
NCC 80(7), 82
NCC 963-967

Reyes vs Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 124099. October 30, 1997

(h) Non-compliance under FC 53

2. Who can invoke nullity, FC 36, FC 39, FC 40


Sec. 2, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003

Nial vs. Bayadog, G.R. 133778, Mar. 14, 2000


Enrico vs. Heirs of Sps. Medinaceli, G.R. No. 173614, September 28,
2007
Carlos s. Sandoval, GR 179922, December 16, 2008

3. When to file action for declaration of nullity

FC 39; FC 36 par. 2 in relation to FC 255;


FC 42, par. 2
FC 237 in rel to R.A. 6809

4. Procedure in actions for declaration of nullity

a. Requisite for valid remarriage, see VII (E)(10)(b) above


b. Safeguards against collusion, FC 48

Malcampo Sin vs. Sin, 355 SCRA 285


Ancheta vs Ancheta, 424 SCRA 725

d. No confession of judgment, FC 48; cf. NCC 2035

e. A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003

Jocson v. Robles 22 SCRA 521


Tolentino v. Villanueva 56 SCRA 1
Salcedo-Ortanez v. CA 235 SCRA 111
Pesca vs. Pesca 356 SCRA 588
Carlos vs Sandoval, December 16, 2008

11
5. Effects of pendency of action for declaration of nullity - Art. 49

6. Effects of final judgment declaring nullity

(a) In general, FC 50-54 but see FC 147-148

(b) On remarriage, FC 40

Wiegel v. Sempio-Diy, 143 SCRA 499


Terre v. Terre, 211 SCRA 6
Domingo v. CA 226 SCRA 572
Cario vs. Cario 351 SCRA 127
Bobis vs. Bobis, G.R. No. 138509, July 31, 2000
Mercado vs.Tan, G.R. No 137110, August 1, 2000
Ty vs CA, 346 SCRA 327
Morigo vs Morigo, 422 SCRA 376
Abunado v People, G.R. No. 159218, March 30, 2004
Jarillo vs People, September 29, 2009
Garrido v Garrido, AC 6593, 2010
Lledo v Lledo, A.M. No. P-95-1167, February 9, 2010

(c) On rights & obligations between the former spouses

(d) On the property regime of the marriage

FC 50, FC 43(2) cf. FC 102(4)


Compare with FC 147-148
Valdes v. QC-RTC G.R. No. 122749, July 31, 1996
Sales vs Sales, GR 17483, July 13, 2009

(e) On legitimes of the common children

FC 50-53, FC 51 in rel to NCC 886, 888;


FC 176
NCC 908, 1061
Sec. 21, A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC. March 4, 2003

(f) On the status and custody of children

FC Art. 54, Art. 176

Dacasin v Dacasin, G.R. No. 168785, February 5, 2010

(g) On use of surnames

Yasin vs The Honorable Judge Shari'a District Court, G.R.


No.94986 February 23, 1995

BAR MATTER NO. 1625 - Petition to Use Maiden Name in


Petition to Take the 2006 Bar Examinations, JOSEPHINE P. UY-
TIMOSA

(h) On hereditary rights

e. Void and Voidable Marriages (Arts. 35-54)

12
. THE LAW ON SEPARATION OF THE SPOUSES

A. Concepts of separation & divorce

Benedicto v. De la Rama 3 Phil 34

1. Separation in fact, FC 238-248

2. Agreements to separate

NCC 221 (1)

Albano v. Gapusan 71 SCRA 26


In re: Atty. Rufillo Bucena 72 SCRA 14

3. Absolute divorce

(a) Divorce under the Family Code

FC 26 paragraph 2
Tenchavez v. Escao, 15 SCRA 355
Van Dorn v. Romillo, 139 SCRA 139
Somera v. Pilapil, 174 SCRA 663
Dacasin v Dacasin, G.R. No. 168785, February 5, 2010

(b) Divorce under the Muslim Code, MC 45-55

B. Concept of legal separation, compare with NCC 97

1. Grounds for legal separation Art. 55, FC

A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC. March 4, 2003

(a) Sexual infidelity or perversion

FC 55(8)
RPC 333 & 334
RPC 247

Goitia v. Campos-Rueda 35 Phil 252


People v. Zapanta 88 Phil 688
Gandionco v. Pearanda 155 SCRA 725
Ong vs Ong, 505 SCRA 76

(b) Drug addiction, habitual alcoholism, lesbianism or


homosexuality

FCC 55 compare with FC 46(4)

(c) Attempt on the life of the other spouse

FC 55(9), compare with NCC 97(2)

(d) Abandonment
FC Art. 55 (10)
FC 101 par. 3, compare with separation in fact

13
(e) other grounds

2. Who can ask for legal separation

FC 55, compare with NCC 99

3. When may petition be filed

FC 57, compare with NCC 102, NCC 99

Lapuz v. Eufemio 43 SCRA 177


Matubis v. Praxedes 109 Phil 789

4. Court procedure in legal separation

FC 58-60;
Sec 19, RA 9262
A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC. March 4, 2003

Araneta vs Concepcion, 99 Phil 709


Ocampo v Florenciano, 107 Phil 35
Lapuz vs Eufemio, 43 SCRA 177
Samosa vs Vamenta, Jr., 46 SCRA 110
Pacete v. Cariaga 231 SCRA 321

5. Effect of pendency of the petition

(a) cooling-off period, FC 58


(b) right of consortium, FC 61 par. 1
(c) administration of property, FC 61 par. 2

De la Via v. Villareal 41 Phil 13


Sabalones v. CA 230 SCRA 79

(d) Support and custody pendente lite

FC 62 cf. FC 49, FC 198


Yangco v. Rhode, 1 Phil 404
De la Via v. Villareal, supra
Araneta v. Concepcion 99 Phil 709
Ramos v. Vamenta 46 SCRA 110
Lerma v. CA 61 SCRA 440
Pacete v. Cariaga supra

6. Defenses in actions for legal separation

(a) Consent

FC 56(2); NCC 100

Matubis v. Praxedes, supra


People v. Sansano 50 Phil 73
People v. Schneckenberger 73 Phil 413

(b) Condonation

FC 56(1)

14
Ginez v. Bugayong 100 Phil 616

(c) Recrimination

FC 56(4)
Brown v. Yambao 102 Phil 168
Arroyo v. CA 203 SCRA 753

(d) Collusion/Mutual Consent


FC 60
FC 56(3), (5), compare with NCC 101 and 221(3)
Brown v. Yambao, supra
Ocampo v. Florenciano 107 Phil 35

7. Effects of decree of legal separation

(a) On personal relations, FC 63


(b) On the custody of children

FC 63(3); FC 213
NCC 106(3)
P.D. 603 (CYWC) Art. 17 par. 3
Matute v. Macadaeg 99 Phil 340

(c) On property relations


FC 63(2), FC 64, FC Art. 102 (4)

(d) On support, FC 198

(e) On the use of surname

NCC 370-372
Laperal v. Republic 116 Phil 672

(f) On hereditary rights, FC 63(4)

(g) Solo Parents Act RA 8972

8. Reconciliation, FC 65-67

9. Effect of death of one of the parties

Lapuz vs. Eufemio 43 SCRA 314


Macadangdang vs. CA 108 SCRA 314

III. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife (Arts. 68-73)

RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF SPOUSES

cf. NCC 113-114

A. Obligation to love each other, FC 68

B. Obligation to live with the other spouse

1. General rule and exceptions

FC 68; FC 72

15
Art. 100; 127; 101
NCC 921(4)
RPC 11(2)
RPC 247

Atilano v. Chua Ching Beng 103 Phil 255


Goitia v. Campos-Rueda, supra
Arroyo v. Vasques-Arroyo 42 Phil 54
Cuaderno v. Cuaderno 12 SCRA 505
Lacson v. Lacson 24 SCRA 837
Ilusorio vs. Bildner, G.R. No. 139789. May 12, 2000.

2. Designation of domicile

(a) General rule: jointly


FC 69 par. 1, compare with NCC 110
Abella v. COMELEC, 201 SCRA 335
De la Via v. Villareal, supra at pp. 16-21

(b) Exception, FC 69 par. 2

C. Joint management of family life

FC 70-71

D. Joint Obligation to Support

SSS v De los Santos, G.R. No. 164790, August 29, 2008

E. The right to exercise a profession or calling

FC 73, compare with NCC 117


FC Art. 94 (3); FC Art. 121 (3)
Art. II Sec. 14 and Art. XIII Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution
cf. NCC 113 compare with ROC Rule 3 Sec. 4

cf. R.A. 7192, An Act Promoting the Integration of Women as


Full & Equal Partners of Men in Development and Nation Building

cf. R.A. 8187, An Act Granting Paternity Leave...

E. Related rights/obligations

Yasin v. Shariah Court 241 SCRA (1995)

D. Enforcement of Rights of Women and Children

Republic Act No. 9262 Anti-Violence Against Women and Children

Sharica Mari Go Tan vs Spouses Tan, GR No. 168852, Sept. 30, 2008
People v Ayude, G.R. No. 188561, January 15, 2010

IV. Property Relations Between Husband and Wife


a. General Provisions (Arts. 74- 81)
b. Donations by Reason of Marriage (Arts. 82-87)
c. System of Absolute Community (Arts. 88 104)

16
d. Conjugal Partnership of Gains (Arts. 105-115)
e. Conjugal Partnership Property (Arts. 116 133)
f. Separation of Property of the Spouses and Administration of Common Property
by One Spouse During the Marriage (Arts. 134 142)
g. Regime of Separation of Property (Arts. 143-146)
h. Property Regimes of Unions Without Marriage (Arts. 144, 147 and 148)

A. Requisites for validity of marriage settlements

FC Art. 75; 130 (3); 103 (3)


NCC Art. 1709; 1358

1. Prior to marriage: modifications

FC 1; FC 76 (modifications after marriage)


FC 66, 67, 128, 135, 136

2. Form & registration requirement, FC 77

3. Celebration of the marriage, FC 81 cf. Art. 86 (1)

B. Parties to a marriage settlement

1. Who may enter into settlements

(a) minors, FC 78
(b) persons under civil interdiction, FC Art. 38, 79
(c) incapacitated persons, FC 79, in rel. to NCC 38-39

2. Participation of parents/guardians
3.
C. Which law governs property relations

1. Stipulation in marriage settlements, FC 80


2. If both Filipinos
3. Mixed marriage between Filipino and alien
4. If both aliens
5. For property located outside RP

FC 80 (2) and (3) in rel. To NCC 16


FC (3) in rel. To NCC 17

D. Donations propter nuptias

1. Definition, FC 82

Solis vs Solis, 53 Phil 912 [1928]

2. Form of Donations, FC Art. 83, NCC Arts. 748-749

3. Who may be donors

4. What may be donated by a spouse as donor


(a) present property, FC 84
(b) future property, FC 84; NCC 761
(c) encumbered property, FC 85
(d) donations in the marriage settlements, FC 81

17
5. Void donations by the spouses, FC 87

(a) Donations during the marriage

(b) Donations in common law marriages


Matabuena v. Cervantes 38 SCRA 284
Bienvenido v. Court of Appeals, 237 SCRA 676
Sumbad vs CA, 308 CRA 575
Arcaba vs. Tabancura vs. de Batocael, G.R. No. 146683. Nov. 22, 2001
SSS v Davac, G.R. No. L-21642. July 30, 1966

6. Revocation of donations propter nuptias

(a) revocation by donor, FC 86; NCC 765; FC Art. 50; 43 (3)

Mateo vs Lagua, 29 SCRA 864

(b) by operation of law, FC 48; 44; 61

E. Absolute community of property (ACP)

1. When applicable, FC 75, 103 (3); 130 (3)

2. Commencement, FC 88

3. Waiver during marriage, FC 89

4. Waiver after marriage, FC 89 par. 2 cf NCC Art. 168

5. Suppletory rules:
Co-ownership, FC 90; of NCC 484-501

6. What constitutes ACP, FC 91

Memorize!
(a) all property at time of marriage
(b) property acquired subsequently

(c) winnings from gambling, FC as of NCC 164


(d) presumption of ACP, FC 93 of NCC 160

7. What is excluded from ACP, FC 92; FC 95

8. Charges upon ACP, FC 94

Luzon Surety Co., Inc. vs De Garcia, 30 SCRA 111


Gelano vs CA, 103 SCRA 90
G-Tractors, Inc., vs CA, 135 SCRA 192
Sunga-Chan v CA, G.R. No. 164401, June 25, 2008
Buado vs. CA, G.R. No. 145222, April 24, 2009

(a) family expenses, cf. FC 100 (3), FC 121(5) and FC 94(4)

Francisco v Gonzales, G.R. No. 177667, September 17, 2008

(b) debts of spouses


(c) subsidiary liabilities

18
(d) sole obligations of a spouse
(e) gambling losses, FC 95
(f) other charges

9. Ownership, FC 90, FC 96 in rel. to NCC 206

10. Administration and enjoyment of ACP

(a) joint administration, FC 96; FC 90

Yu Bun Guan vs Ong, 36 SCRA 559

(b) Sole administration


(1) incapacity, FC 96
(2) separation in fact FC 100 (3)
(3) FC Art. 100 (2)
(4) abandonment, FC 101
(5) pendency of legal separation proceeding, FC 61

(c) Disposition and encumbrance, FC 96-98

Matthews vs. Taylor, GR 164584, June 22, 2009

11. Effect of separation de facto, FC 100; cf. FC 239

12. Effect of abandonment, FC 101, FC 72

13. Causes for dissolution of ACP, FC 99

(a) Death, FC 103 cf. Rule 73 Sec. 12 ROC


(b) Legal separation, FC 63(2); FC 66
(c) Annulment and declaration of nullity, FC 50 in rel. to FC 43 (2)
(d) Judicial separation of property, FC 134-138

14. Effects of dissolution

(a) Liquidation procedure, FC 102


(b) For cause other than death, FC 43 (2); FC 63(2)
(c) Termination due to death, FC 104

15. For marriages before FC, FC 104 cf Art. 103 (3)

Delizo v. Delizo, 69 SCRA 216

16. Support during ACP liquidation

F. Conjugal partnership of gains

Belcodero v. CA 227 SCRA 303


Jocson v. CA 170 SCRA 333
Ansaldo v. Sheriff, 64 Phil 115
Sps. Estonina v. CA G.R. No. 111547, Jan. 27, 1997

1. When CPG commences and applies

(a) marriages under FC, FC 107 cf. FC 88, FC 89


(a) marriages before FC, FC 105(2) of FC 256

19
Castro vs. Miat, 397 SCRA 271

(b) when applicable, FC 105 of FC 74-74

Malang vs Moson, 338 SCRA 393

(d) suppletory rules, FC 108 cf. NCC 1767-1768

PNB v. Quintos, 46 Phil 370


Ansaldo vs Sheriff of Manila, 64 Phil 115

2. What is excluded from CPG

(a) brought as exclusive property, FC 109(1)

Laperal v. Katigbak, 10 SCRA 493

(b) acquired by gratuitous title during marriage,


FC 109 (2) of FC 113, FC 115

Veloso v. Martinez, 28 Phil 255


Berciles v. GSIS,128 SCRA 53, cf. FC 115

(c) acquired by redemption/exchange, FC 109(3)

Plata v. Yatco, 12 SCRA 718


Lim v. Garcia, 7 Phil 320

(d) purchased with exclusive money


FC 109(4); of FC 118-119

(e) properties of parents

Laurena vs CA, GR 159220, September 22, 2008

3. Administration of exclusive property

(a) by the spouse-owner, FC 110


(b) by the other spouse, FC 110 2nd par.;
FC 142, FC 75
Veloso v. Martinez, supra
Manotok Realty v. CA, 149 SCRA 372
Ong vs CA, 204 SCRA 297

4. Encumbrance/disposition of exclusive property


FC 111-112, of FC 236, amended by RA 6809

Palanca v. Smith-Bell, 9 Phil 131

Lim Queco v. Cartagena, 71 Phil 163


Wong et al. v. IAC 200 SCRA 792

5. What constitutes CPG

(a) definition, FC 106


(b) presumption of CPG, FC 116

20
Torela v. Torela, 93 SCRA 391
Magallon v. Montejo, 146 SCRA 282
Cuenca v. Cuenca, 168 SCRA 335

(c) what are included in CPG, FC 117

Memorize!

Cheesman vs IAC, 193 SCRA 93


Villanueva vs CA, 427 SCRA 439
Zulueta v. Pan-Am 49 SCRA 1
Mendoza v. Reyes 124 SCRA 154
De Leon vs De Leon, GR 185063, July 23, 2009

(d) if property bought by installments, FC Art. 118

Under NCC: Castillo v. Pasco, 11 SCRA 102


Tarrosa vs. De Leon, GR 185063, July 23, 2009

(e) credits due, FC 119

(f) improvements on CPG property, FC 120

Padilla vs Padilla, 74 Phil 377


Caltex vs Felias, 108 Phil 873
Vda de Padilla vs PAterno, 3 SCRA 678
Calimlim v. Fortun, 129 SCRA 675
Maramba v. Lozano, 20 SCRA 474
Embrado v. CA, 233 SCRA 335
Ravina vs Villa-Abrille, supra

6. Charges upon and obligations of CPG, FC 121, 122

Mariano vs CA, 174 SCRA 59


Ayala vs CA, 286 SCRA 272
Ching vs CA, 423 SCRA 356
Homeowners Savings and Loan vs. Dailo, G.R. No. 153802, Mar.11, 2005
Sunga-Chan v CA, G.R. No. 164401, June 25, 2008
Buado vs. CA, G.R. No. 145222, April 24, 2009

(a) with consent

Javier v. Osmea, 34 Phil 336


Vda. De Sta. Romana v. PCIB, 118 SCRA 330
G-Tractors v. CA, 135 SCRA 192
DBP v. Adil, 161 SCRA 307
Mariano v. CA 174 SCRA 59
Wong et al. v. CA 200 SCRA 792
Ong v. CA 204 SCRA 297
Ayala Investment vs. CA (February 12, 1998)
Security Bank vs. Mar Tiera Corp., G.R. No. 143382, Nov. 29, 2006

(b) without consent

Luzon Surety v. De Garcia, 30 SCRA 118

21
BA Finance v. CA, 161 SCRA 608
Costuna vs. Domondon, 180 SCRA 333
Carlos vs. Abelardo, 380 SCRA 361
Ramones vs. Agbayani, 137808, Sept. 30, 2005
Villanueva vs Chiong, GR 59889, June 5, 2008
Ravina vs Villa-Abrille, GR 160708, October 16, 2009

(c) personal debts, FC 122

People v. Lagrimas, 29 SCRA 153


Go vs Yamane, 489 SCRA 107
Buado vs Buado, supra

(d) winnings from gambling, FC 123

7. Ownership, administration and enjoyment

(a) Joint administration, FC 124 cf. FC 96

Guiang vs CA, 291 SCRA 372


Heirs vs Mijares, 410 SCRA 97
Roxas v. CA 198 SCRA 541 [1991]
Ysasi v. Fernandez, 23 SCRA 1079
Docena vs. Lapesura, 355 SCRA 658
Homeowners Savings Loan Bank vs. Dailo, G.R. No. 153802, Mar.
11, 2005
Alinas vs Alinas, GR No. 158040, April 14, 2008

(b) Sole administration

(1) incapacity, FC 124, 253

Uy vs. CA, 346 SCRA 246

(2) separation in fact, FC 100 (3), 127(3)


(3) abandonment, FC 101, 128
(4) pendency of legal separation proceedings, FC 61

Sabalones v. CA 230 SCRA 79


Ravina vs Villa-Abrille, supra

(c) Disposition and encumbrance, FC 124-125; FC 97, 121 (8)

Felipe v. Heirs of Aldon, 120 SCRA 628 (see NCC 1390)


Cheeseman v. IAC 193 SCRA 93
Frenzel vs. Catito, G.R. No. 143958, July 11, 2003
Ayuste vs.CA, G. Rno. 118784, Sept. 2, 1999
Villaranda vs. Spouses Villaranda, G.R. No. 153447, Feb,23, 2004

Ainza vs.CA, G.R. No. 165420. June 30, 2005 (see NCC 1145)
Alinas vs. Alinas, G.R. No. 158040, April 14, 2008

8. Effect of separation de facto, FC 127, FC 100 cf. FC 239

9. Effect of abandonment,

FC 128 cf. FC 101

22
Partosa-Jo v. CA 216 SCRA 693

10. Dissolution of CPG, FC 126

(a) death, FC 126 (1)


(b) legal separation, FC 63 (2), FC 66
(c) annulment and declaration of nullity, FC 50 in rel. To FC 43 (2)
(d) judicial separation of property, FC 134-138

9. Effects of dissolution, FC 129

Metropolitan Bank vs Pascual, GR No. 163744, Feb. 29, 2008


Tarrosa vs De Leon, GR 185063, July 23, 2009
Sales v Sales, G.R. No. 174803, July 13, 2009

(a) liquidation procedure, FC 129


(b) cause other than death, FC 129; FC 43(2), FC 63(2)
(c) termination due to death; FC 130, cf. FC 104

12. For marriages before FC, FC 131

13. Applicability of Rules of Court, FC 132

14. Support during CPG liquidation,

FC 133
Santero v. CFI, 153 SCRA 728

G. Regime of separation of property

1. When applicable

(a) in the marriage settlements, FC 143-146


(b) when mandatory, FC 103 & FC 130
(c) reconciliation in legal separation, FC 66(2)

2. Property covered, FC 144

3. Administration

(a) by the owner-spouse, FC 145


(b) by the other spouse, FC 142
(c) FC 100 (3); 101

4. Family expenses, FC 146

5. Conveyances between the spouses, FC 87, NCC 1490

H. Judicial separation of property

1. When possible, FC 134

Maquilan vs Maquilan, June 8, 2007

2. For sufficient cause, FC 135 cf. FC 55 (10)

3. Voluntary separation of property, FC 136, FC 74-75, FC 134


Lacson v. San Jose-Lacson, 24 SCRA 837

23
4. Effects of judicial separation of property

(a) liquidation of CPG or ACP, FC 137 par. 1


(b) support pendente lite, FC 137 par. 2
(c) regime after JSP, FC 138 of FC 66 (2)
(d) binding effect on third parties, FC 139-140; of FC 66(2)

5. Revival of property regime after JSP, FC 141 cf. FC 67

6. Transfer of administration of exclusive property, FC 142 cf NCC


196; FC 96; FC 124

I. Property regime of unions without marriage

Review: FC 6, 35 (2), 35 (3), 35 (5), 36, 38, 53; FC 41, 44; FC 45 (Void and
voidable marriages)

1. Unions under FC 147

Maxey v. CA, 129 SCRA 187 cf. NCC 144


Domingo v. CA 226 SCRA 572 ( All Opinions)
Belcodero v. CA 227 SCRA 303
Valdes v. QC RTC, supra
Carino vs. Carino, supra
Fehr vs. Fehr, G.R. No. 152716. October 23, 2003
Joaquino vs Reyes, 434 SCRA 260
Gonzales vs Gonzales, 478 SCRA 327

2. Unions under FC 148 of FC 50 in rel. to FC


49(2) and FC 50
Juaniza v. Jose, 89 SCRA 306
Yap v. CA, 145 SCRA 229
Bienvenido v. Court of Appeals, 237 SCRA 676
Agapay vs Agapay, 276 SCRA 340
Tumlos vs. Sps. Fernandez, G.R. No. 137650, Apr 12, 2000
Malilin vs Castillo, 333 SCRA 628
Saguid vs. CA, G.R. No. 150611, June 10, 2003
Villanueva vs CA, 427 SCRA 439
Joaquino vs Reyes, 434 SCRA 260
Francisco vs Master Iron Works, 451 SCRA 494
Atienza vs.de Castro,G.R. No. 1695698, Nov. 29, 2006
Acre vs Yutiki, September 27, 2007
Signey v SSS, GR No. 173582, Jan. 28, 2008
Borromeo vs Descallar, GR No. 159310, Feb. 24, 2009
Heirs of Maramag vs De Guzman, GR 181132, June 5, 2009

V. The Family
a. The Family as an Institution (Arts. 149 151)
b. The Family Home (Arts. 152-162)

What governs family relations, FC 149

Alavado v. City of Tacloban, 139 SCRA 230


Arroyo v. CA, 203 SCRA 753

B. Effects of family relationship on legal disputes

24
FC 150 - 151
NCC 2035
ROC Rule 16 Sec. 1(j)
RPC 20, 247 and 332

Gayon v. Gayon, 36 SCRA 104


Wainwright v. Versoza, 26 SCRA 78
Magbaleta vs Gonong, 76 SCRA 511
De Guzman vs Genato, 89 SCRA 674
OLaco vs Co Cho Chit, 220 SCRA 656
Tribiana vs.Tribiana, G.R. No. 137359, Sept. 13, 2004
Hiyas Savings and Loan Bank, Inc. vs. Acua, G.R. NO. 154132, August 31,
2006
Intestate Estate v People, G.R. No. 181409, February 11, 2010

C. The family home

1. What constitutes the family home

Republic v Serrano, G.R. No. 183063, February 24, 2010

2. Who may constitute the family home, FC 152, FC 161

Taneo vs CA, 304 SCRA 308

3. When deemed constituted, FC 153

4. When terminated, FC 153 compare with FC 159

5. Beneficiaries, FC 154

Patricio vs. Dario, G.R. No. 170829, November 20, 2006

6. Exemptions, FC 155, FC 157, FC 160

7. When may be sold, FC 158

Modequillo v. Breva, 185 SCRA 766


Siari Valley v. Lucasan, 109 Phil 294
Honrado vs.CA, G.R. No. 166333, Nov. 25, 2005
Cabang vs Basay, GR No. 180587, March 20, 2009

8. Rights of creditors, FC 160-162

Ching vs CA, 423 SCRA 356


Modequillo vs Breva, 185 SCRA 756
Cabreza vs Cabreza, GR 171260, September 11, 2009
Metrobank v Viray, G.R. No. 162218, February 25, 2010

VI. Paternity and Filiation


a. Legitimate Children (Arts. 163- 171)
b. Proof of Filiation (Arts. 172-174)
c. Illegitimate Children (Arts. 175-176)
d. Legitimated Children (Arts. 177- 182)

A. Concept of paternity, filiation and legitimacy, FC 163

25
B. Legitimate children, FC 164 cf. FC 166 in rel to NCC 256-257

Tan v. Trocio, 191 SCRA 764


Angeles vs Maglaya, 469 SCRA 363
SSS vs. Aguas, G.R. 165546, Feb. 27, 2006
Rivera vs Heirs of Villanueva, GR No. 141501, July 21, 2006

1. Who are considered legitimate children


(a) conceived during marriage
cf. ROC Rule 131 Sec. 3(dd)
FC Art. 168

1. valid marriage
2. terminated marriage under FC 42 in rel. to FC 43(1)
2. void marriages under FC 54, 36
3. voidable marriages

(b) born during marriage


(c) conceived by artificial insemination cf. NCC 40
(d) adopted children
(e) legitimated children

2. Rights of legitimate children, FC 173-174

NCC 364, 374, 376


NCC 888, NCC 979

Moore v. Republic, 8 SCRA 282


Naldoza v. Republic, 112 SCRA 658
Marquino vs IAC, 233 SCRA 348
Ong vs CA, 272 SCRA 725
Rep. vs CA, 300 SCRA 138
De la Cruz vs Gracia, G.R. No. 177728, July 31, 2009
Continental Steel vs. Montano, GR 182836, October 13, 2009

C. Illegitimate children
1. Who are considered illegitimate

(a) under NCC


(b) under FC 165

Joanie Surposa Uy v Jose Ngo Chua, G.R. No. 183965,


September 18, 2009

2. Rights of illegitimate children, FC 175-176

Osmea de Valencia v. Rodriguez, 84 Phil 222


Jao vs CA, 152 SCRA 359
Uyguangco vs CA, 178 SCRA 684
Mangulabnan v. IAC,185 SCRA 760
Mendoza vs. Court of Appeals, 201 SCRA 675, September 24, 1994
De Santos vs. Angeles, 251 SCRA 206, December 12, 1995
Lim vs. Court of Appeals, 270 SCRA 1, March 18, 1997
Tijing,
Eceta vs. Eceta, 428 SCRA 782, May 20, 2004
Briones vs. Miguel, 440 SCRA 455, October 18, 2004

26
Cabatania vs. Court of Appeals, 441 SCRA 96, October 21, 2004
Agustin vs. Court of Appeals, 460 SCRA 315, June 15, 2005
Alba vs. Herrera, GR No. 148220, July 29, 2005
Angeles vs. Maglaya, 469 SCRA 363, September 2, 2005
Guy vs CA, GR No. 163707, Sept. 15, 2006
Verceles vs. Posada, G.R. No. 161338, April 27, 2007
People vs Umanito, GR No. 172607, Oct. 26, 2007
Montefalcon v Vasquez, GR No. 165016, June 17, 2008
Go vs Ramos, GR 167569, September 4, 2009
Heirs of Maramag vs De Guzman, GR 181132, June 5, 2009
Joanie Surposa Uy v Jose Ngo Chua, G.R. No. 183965, September 18,
2009

DOJ Opinion No. 11 Series of 1990


DOJ Opinion No. 4, Series of 1998

D. Action to impugn legitimacy

1. Grounds, FC 166

Memorize!

(a) Physical impossibility of access


Andal v. Macaraig, 89 Phil 165
Macadangdang v. CA, 100 SCRA 73
Ong vs. Court of Appeals, 272 SCRA 725

Concepcion vs. CA, G.R. No. 123450, Aug. 31, 2005


(b) Biological or other scientific grounds

A.M. No. 06-11-5-SC (RULE ON DNA Evidence) effective October 15, 2007

Jao v. CA, 152 SCRA 359


People v. Tumimpad, 235 SCRA 483
People v. Quitoriano, G.R. No. 118852, Jan. 20, 1997
Tijing, 2001
Herrera vs. Alba, G.R. No. 148220, June 15, 2005
Agustin, June 15, 2005
Estate of Rogelio Ong v. Minor Joanne Diaz, G.R. No. 171713,
Dec. 17, 2007

(c.) FC 166(3)

2. Effect of a mothers declaration, FC 167

Chua Keng Giap v. IAC, 158 SCRA 18


Rodriguez v. CA, 245 SCRA 150

3. In subsequent marriages, FC 168, 169

8. Presumptions, FC 170, 171

Cobatbat-Lim vs IAC, 166 SCRA 451

5. Prescription of action to impugn legitimacy

Gaspay v. CA, 238 SCRA 163

27
6. Who may impugn

Benitez-Badua v. CA, 229 SCRA 468


Lim v. IAC, 166 SCRA 451
Liyao, Jr. vs. Tanhoti-Liyao, 378 SCRA 563

E. Proof of Filiation

1. Of legitimate children, FC 172-173

Diaz vs. Court of Appeals, 129 SCRA 621, June 22, 1984
Reyes v. CA,135 SCRA 439
Tison vs. Court of Appeals, 276 SCRA 582, July 31, 1997
Trinidad vs. Court of Appeals, 289 SCRA 188, April 20, 1998
Jison vs. Court of Appeals, 286 SCRA 495, February 24, 1998
Labagala vs. Santiago, 371 SCRA 360
Tecson vs. COMELEC, Poe, et al., G.R. No. 161434, Mar. 3, 2004
De Jesus vs. Estate of Juan Gamboa Dizon, 366 SCRA 499
Agustin vs. Court of Appeals, 460 SCRA 315, June 15, 2005
Ong vs. Diaz, December 17, 2007

2. Of illegitimate children, FC 175

Castro v. CA, 173 SCRA 656


Lim v. CA, 65 SCRA 160
Baas v. Baas, 134 SCRA 260
In re Christensen, 102 Phil 1055
Ilano v. CA 231 SCRA 242
Baluyut v. Baluyut, 186 SCRA 506
Mendoza v. CA, 201 SCRA 675
Marquino v. IAC, 233 SCRA 348 (1994)
Fernandez v. CA, 230 SCRA 130
Jison vs. CA, 286 SCRA 495
Eceta vs. Eceta, G.R. No. 157037, May 20, 2004
Heirs of Gabatan vs CA, GR 150206, March 13, 2009
Jenie San Juan Dela Cruz , et al vs. Ronald Paul S. Gracia, G.R.
No. 177728, July 31, 2009
Joselito Musni Puno V Puno Enterprises, Inc., G.R. No.
177066, September 11, 2009

3. Rights of illegitimate children, FC 176

Liyao vs. Liyao, 378 SCRA 563, March 7, 2002


Leonardo vs. Court Of Appeals, G. R. No. 125329. September 10, 2003
Republic vs. Capote, February 2, 2007
Go vs Ramos, GR 167569, September 4, 2009

4. Compulsory recognition, cf. RPC 345, RPC 46, 59

Solinap vs. Locsin, 371 SCRA 711


Pp vs. Delantar, G.R. No. 169143, February 2, 2007
Gapusan v. CA, 183 SCRA 160
People v. Rizo, 189 SCRA 265
Dempsey v. RTC, 164 SCRA 384
People v. Bayani, G.R. No. 120894 Oct. 3, 1996
People vs. Magtibay, G.R. No. 142985. Aug. 6, 2002
People v Abella, G.R. No. 177295, January 6, 2010

28
Egap Madsali, Sajiron Lajim And Maron Lajim v People Of The
Philippines, G.R. No. 179570, February 4, 2010

F. Legitimated Children

1. who may be legitimated, FC 177

Abadilla vs Tabiliran, 249 SCRA 447

2. how legitimation takes place, FC 178, FC 180

3. retroactivity and effects, FC 180-181


DOJ Opinion No. 106 Series of 1991

4. action to impugn legitimation, FC 182

5. rights of legitimated children, FC 179

VII. Adoption (RA 8552)

Lazatin v. Campos, 92 SCRA 250


Cervantes v. Fajardo, 169 SCRA 575
R.A. 8552 (Domestic Adoption Law)
A.M. No. 02-6-02-S.C. (Aug. 22, 2002)
A. Requisites to be an adopter

1. Age and capacity required Sec. 7

2. Husband and wife jointly Sec. 7

Republic v. CA, 205 SCRA 356


In re petition for adoption of Michelle Lim, GR 168992, May 21, 2009

3. Need for consent Sec. 9

Santos v. Aransanzo, 16 SCRA 344


Daoang v. Municipal Judge, 159 SCRA 369
Duncan v. CFI, 69 SCRA 298
Landingin vs. RP, G.R. No. 164948, June 27, 2006

4. Aliens as adopters Sec. 7 (b)

Pardo de Tavera v. Cacdac, 167 SCRA 626


Republic v. Toledano, 233 SCRA 9

R.A. 8043, The Law on Inter-Country Adoption


A.M. No. 02-6-02-S.C. (Aug. 22, 2002)

B. Who may not adopt


C. Who may be adopted
D. Who may not be adopted
E. Procedure in adoption

Republic Act No. 9523, March 12, 2009 - AN ACT REQUIRING


CERTIFICATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT
(DSWD) TO DECLARE A "CHILD LEGALLY AVAILABLE FOR ADOPTION" AS A
PREREQUISITE FOR ADOPTION PROCEEDINGS

29
F. Effects of a decree of adoption

1. On status
2. On parental authority,

Tamargo v. CA, 209 SCRA 518


Cervantes v. Fajardo, 169 SCRA 575

3. On hereditary rights
4. On name

In the Matter of Adoption of Stephanie Garcia, 454 SCRA 541

G. Rescission of adoption

Lahom vs. Sibulo, G.R. No. 143989, July 14, 2003

1. by the adopted
2. by the adopter/s
3. effects of rescission

VIII. Support (Arts. 194 208)


a. Concept, Kinds, Characteristics
b. Persons Obliged to Give Support
c. Properties Liable for Support
d. When and How Support be Paid
e. Special Rules on Conventional Support

A. What comprises support, FC 194

B. Who are obliged to provide support, FC 195, 196

Pelayo v. Lauron, 12 Phil 453


Sanchez v. Zulueta, 68 Phil 110
Reyes v. Ines-Luciano, 88 SCRA 803
De Asis vs. CA, G.R. No. 127578, Feb. 15, 1999
De Guzman vs Perez, 496 SCRA 474
Joanie Surposa Uy v Jose Ngo Chua, G.R. No. 183965,
September 18, 2009
Lajim v People Of The Philippines, G.R. No. 179570, February 4,
2010

C. Source of support, FC 197-198, cf. FC 49, 70, 94, 122

Lam vs Chua, 2004


Lerma v. CA, 61 SCRA 440
Reyes vs Ines-Luciano, 88 SCRA 803

D. Order of support, FC 199, 200

Mangonon vs. CA, G.R. No. 125041, June 30, 2006


Spouses Lim v Lim, G.R. No. 163209, October 30, 2009

E. Manner and time of payment,

30
FC 200-204
Canonizado v. Benitez, 127 SCRA 610

F. Amount of support, FC 200-208

Lacson vs. Lacson, G.R.No. 150644, August 28, 2006


Sy vs CA. Dec. 27, 2009

G. Renunciation and Termination, NCC 2035; FC 194

H. Support pendente lite,

FC 198; Rules of Court, Rule 61

I. Procedure in applications for support, Rule 61

IX. Parental Authority (Arts. 209 215)


a.Substitute and Special parental Authority (Arts. 216 219)
b. Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Persons of Children (Arts. 220-224)
c. Effect of Parental Authority Upon the Property of Children (Arts. 225- 227)
d. Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority (Arts. 228 233)

e. Incidents Involving Parental Authority (Arts. 249 252)

A. Concept of parental authority, FC 209

Medina vs. Makabali, 27 SCRA 502, March 28, 1969


Unson vs. Navarro, 101 SCRA 183, November 17, 1980
Lacson v. Lacson 24 SCRA 837
Soriano v Laguardia, G.R. No. 164785, April 29, 2009
Bagtas v Hon. Ruth Santos, G.R. No. 166682, November 27,
2009

B. Transfer of PA, FC 210 cf. FC 223-224, FC 234

Eslao vs CA, 266 SCRA 317

C. Who exercises PA, FC 211-213 cf. FC 49, 102(6) and 63(2), FC Art. 176

Hontiveros v. IAC 132 SCRA 745


Unson v. Navarro 101 SCRA 183
Espiritu & Layug v. CA, G.R. No. 115640 (1995)
Santos Sr. v. C.A., G.R. No. 113054 (1995)
Sagala-Eslao v. Cordero-Ouye, G.R. 116773, Jan. 16, 1997
Bondagjy vs. Bondagjy, 371 SCRA 642
Salientes vs Salientes, 500 SCRA 128
Sy vs CA, GR No. 162938, Dec. 27,2007
Spouses Lim v Lim, G.R. No. 163209, October 30, 2009

C. Substitute PA, FC 214-216, FC 233

Vancil vs Belmes, 358 SCRA 707

D. Special PA

FC 218-219, FC 233
cf. FC 221 in rel. to NCC 2180

31
Pasco vs CFI_Bulacan, April 25, 1988
Amadora v. CA, 160 SCRA 315
Salvosa v. IAC, 166 SCRA 274
PSBA v. CA, February 4, 1992
Saludaga vs. FEU, 30 April 08
St. Francis High School v. CA, 194 SCRA 341
St. Marys Academy vs. Carpitanos, G.R. No. 143363, February 6, 2002
Child learning Centre vs. Tagario, GR 150920, NOV. 25, 2005
School of the Holy Spirit vs. Taguiam, GR 165565, July 14, 2008

E. Filial privilege, FC 215

ROC Rule 130 Sec. 25 cf. Secs. 22 & 23

F. Effects of PA over the childs person,

FC 220-222
FC 223-224
Medina v. Makabali, 27 SCRA 502
Luna v. IAC, 137 SCRA 7
Cuadra v. Monfort, 35 SCRA 160

R.A. 7610, The Child Abuse Law

G. Effects of PA over the childs property,

FC 225-227

Pineda vs CA, 226 SCRA 754

RA 9231, Secs. 12-B and 12-C

Lindain v. CA, 212 SCRA 725


Badillo vs. Ferrer, 152 SCRA 407

H. Suspension or termination of PA

1. permanent termination, FC 228, 232, cf. RA 6809

2. non-permanent termination, FC 229 cf. FC 193

3. suspension of PA, FC 231-230

Chua v. Cabangbang, 27 SCRA 791


De Guzman vs Perez, 496 SCRA 474

4. revival

See: R.A. 8369, An Act Establishing Family Courts, Granting Them


Exclusive Original Jurisdiction Over Child and Family Cases.

See: R.A. 7610, Child Abuse Act

XII. Emancipation and Age of Majority (RA 6809)

A. Cause of emancipation, FC 234 as amended

32
B. Effect of emancipation, FC 236 as amended
cf. FC 15, NCC 2180

XIII. Use of Surname

NCC 364-380
RA 9255

Naldoza v. Republic, supra


Johnston v. Republic, 7 SCRA 1040
Ng Yao Sing v. Republic 16 SCRA 483
Llaneta v. Agrava, 57 SCRA 29
Telmo v. Republic, 73 SCRA 29
Tolentino v. CA, 162 SCRA 66
Legamia v. IAC, 131 SCRA 479
Yasin v. Hon. Judge Sharia Court G.R. No. 94986 (1995)
In the Matter of the Adoption of Stephanie Nathy Astorga
Garcia, G.R. No. 148311, March 31, 2005.
In Re Change of Name, Julainan Carulasan Wang, G.R. No.
159966.March 30, 2005
Gonzaludo vs People, GR 150910, February 6, 2006

XIV. Summary Judicial Proceedings in the Family Law (Arts. 238 248)

XV. Other Matters Subject to Summary Special Proceedings (Arts. 253 257).

XVI. RULES GOVERNING PERSONS WHO ARE ABSENT

NCC 381-396, FC 41
Reyes v. Alejandro, 141 SCRA 65
Eastern Shipping v. Lucero, 124 SCRA 425
Tol-Noquera v. Villamor, 211 SCRA 616
Manuel vs. People, G.R. No. 165842, Nov. 29, 2005
Olaguer vs. Purugganan, G.R. No. 158907, February 12, 2007

XVII. FUNERALS

NCC 305-310
Eugenio v. Velez, 185 SCRA 425

XVIII. ENTRIES IN THE CIVIL REGISTER

NCC 407-413
ROC, Rule 108
RA 9048
Barretto vs Local Civil registrar, 74 SCRA 257
Republic vs De la Cruz, 118 SCRA 18
Republic v. Marcos, 182 SCRA 223
Labayo-Rowe v. Republic, 168 SCRA 294

Re: Final Report On The Judicial Audit Conducted At The Regional Trial
Court, Br. 67, Paniqui, Tarlac, Adm. Matter No. 06-7-414-RTC, October 19,
2007
Republic vs. Jennifer Cagandahan, , G.R. No. 166676, Sept. 12, 2008
Jenie San Juan Dela Cruz V Ronald Paul S. Gracia, G.R. No.
177728, July 31, 2009
Ma. Cristina Torres Braza v The City Civil Registrar, G.R. No.
181174, December 4, 2009
*Based on the Outline of Atty. Katrina Legarda

33
34