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B737NG/23/306

Passenger Entertainment System

Boeing 737-600/700/800/900

Passenger
Entertainment System
Training manual
For training purposes only
LEVEL 3 ATA 23 page 1
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Training manual Passenger Entertainment System

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department,


Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.

The information in this publication is furnished for informational and training


use only, and is subject to change without notice.

Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any errors or


inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,


or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission
of Sabena technics training.

Contact address for



course registrations
course schedule information

Sabena technics training

trainingservices@sabenatechnics.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. AUDIO......................................................................................................6
1.1. Introduction............................................................................................6
1.2. General description.................................................................................8
1.3. Component Location............................................................................10
1.4. Power Interface.....................................................................................12
1.5. Audio & Control Interfaces....................................................................14

2. VIDEO.....................................................................................................16
2.1. Introduction..........................................................................................16
2.2. General Description..............................................................................18
2.3. Component Location............................................................................22
2.4. Power Interface.....................................................................................28
2.5. Video & Control Interface.....................................................................30

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

EXTERNAL FAILURES............................................................................................................... 29 A/D Ana log-to-Digital REU Remote Electronics Unit


PES AUDIO - AUDIO & CONTROL INTERFACES........................................................................ 15 ACARS Aircraft Communication & RF Radio Frequency
PES AUDIO - BLOCK DIAGRAM................................................................................................. 9 Reporting System SELCAL Selective Calling
PES AUDIO - COMPONENT LOCATION.................................................................................... 11 ACP Audio Control Panel SPKR Speakers Push The Speaker
PES AUDIO - INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................... 7 AGC Automatic Gain Control sq squelch
PES AUDIO - POWER INTERFACE............................................................................................. 13 AM Amplitude modulated sqL squelch
PES VIDEO - AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT COMPONENT LOCATION....................................... 27 AME Amplitude modulation SSB Single Side Band
PES VIDEO - AIRSHOW - BLOCK DIAGRAM............................................................................. 21 equivalent SSFDR Solid State Flight Data Recorder
PES VIDEO - BLOCK DIAGRAM................................................................................................ 19 ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated ULB Underwater Locator Beacon
PES VIDEO - CABIN COMPONENT LOCATION.......................................................................... 25 BITE built In Test Equipment ULD Underwater Locating Device
PES VIDEO - FLIGHT COMPARTMENT COMPONENT LOCATION............................................... 23 capt captain USB Upper Side Band
PES VIDEO - INTRODUCTION................................................................................................... 17 COU Crash Survivable Memory Unit V AC Volts Alternating Current
PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE............................................................................ 31 Comm Communication V DC Volts Direct Current
PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE BLOCK DIAGRAM............................................... 35 CMC Central Maintenance Computer VCE Voice
PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE DIU..................................................................... 37 CSMU Crash Survivable Memory Unit VHF Very High Frequency
PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE VSCU.................................................................. 33 CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder VR Voice Recorder
D/A Digital-to-Analog VSWR Voltage standing wave ratio
EE Electronic Equipment xfr transfer
EEC Electronic Equipment Xmit transmit.
Compartment
F/O First Officer
F/OBS First Observer
FDAU Flight Data Acquisition Unit
FDR Flight Data Recorder
FDRS Flight Data Recorder System
freq frequency
GRND Ground
HF High Frequency
Hz Hertz
I/C Interphone Communication
LCD Liquid crystal display
LED Light emitting diode
LRU Line Replaceable Unit
mic microphone
MSEC Milli-Second
NCD No Computed Data
NODAT No Data
PSEU Proximity Switch Electronic Unit
PTT Push-To-Talk
R/T Receive/Transmit

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1. AUDIO

1.1. Introduction
The passenger entertainment system - audio (PES-audio) sends recorded
entertainment audio and passenger address audio to each passenger seat.
Each passenger can make a selection to hear one of many available audio
channels.

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PES AUDIO - INTRODUCTION

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1.2. General description Passenger Control


Passengers use the passenger control units to select audio programs. They
General hear entertainment audio from the audio entertainment player or the video
Audio signals from the audio entertainment player (AEP) and the passenger tape reproducer.
entertainment system-video (PES-video) go through passenger entertainment
system-audio (PES-audio) components to the passengers. The AEP is also Audio Entertainment Signals
referred to as the Audio Reproducer Unit (ARU). For consistency, this The PES-audio gets audio inputs from these sources and sends them to each
document will use the term AEP when referring to the Audio Reproducer Unit. passenger seat:

Components - Entertainment audio from the audio entertainment player


These are the components of the PES-audio: - Video audio from the passenger entertainment system-video
- Announcements from the passenger address system.
- Audio entertainment player (AEP)
- Audio multiplexer (AMUX) The audio multiplexer sends signals directly to the first seat electronics box in
- Seat electronics boxes (SEBs) each column. The signals go through the seat electronics box to the next seat
- BITE panel electronics box in the column. The seat electronics boxes send signals to the
- Passenger control units (PCUs). passenger control units in the seat group.

There are four columns of seat electronics boxes. There is one seat electronics Passenger Address Override
box for each seat group. A seat group has one, two, or three seats. Each seat The passenger address system stops the entertainment audio during an
has one passenger control unit. announcement. Passengers cannot change channels on the passenger control
unit during a passenger address announcement.
These systems connect with the PES-audio:

- Passenger entertainment system-video (PES-video)


- Passenger address system (PAS).

Technician Control
Technicians use the BITE panel to set the configuration of the passenger seats
and to start the test of the PES-audio. The BITE panel shows the result of the
test.

Attendant Control
Attendants use the forward attendant panel to control power to the audio
entertainment player and the audio multiplexer.

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PES AUDIO - BLOCK DIAGRAM

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1.3. Component Location


General
PES-audio components are in the electronic equipment compartment and the
passenger compartment.

Passenger Compartment
These components are in the passenger compartment:

- Forward attendant panel


- BITE panel
- Seat electronics boxes
- Passenger control units

EE Compartment
The audio entertainment player and the audio multiplexer are in the electronic
equipment compartment.

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PES AUDIO - COMPONENT LOCATION

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1.4. Power Interface


General
Circuit breakers for the PES-audio are on the P6 circuit breaker panel.

The audio entertainment player, the audio multiplexer, and the BITE panel
receive 115v ac power when you turn on the in-flight entertainment (IFE)
switch.

The audio multiplexer supplies 115v ac to the seat electronics boxes in the
cabin.

The audio multiplexer supplies power directly to the first seat electronics box
in each column. Power goes through the seat electronics box to the next seat
electronics box in the column.

The seat electronics boxes supply 5.6v dc to the passenger control units in the
seat group.

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PES AUDIO - POWER INTERFACE

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1.5. Audio & Control Interfaces The passenger address amplifier sends PA audio to the audio multiplexer.

General When someone makes an announcement on the passenger address


The PES-audio gets audio inputs from these sources: system, the PES-audio stops the audio entertainment player and sends the
announcement to all passenger control units.
- Audio entertainment player
- Passenger entertainment system-video (PES-video) Audio Distribution
- Passenger address system. The audio multiplexer changes the analog signals to digital signals.

The audio multiplexer receives all the audio inputs. The audio multiplexer sends the digital signals to the first seat electronic box
(SEB) in each column. The signal goes through the first SEB on to the next
The audio multiplexer changes analog audio to digital signals. The digital SEB. The signal goes from SEB to SEB all the way down the column. There is a
signal goes to the first seat electronic box (SEB) in each of the four columns of termination plug on the last seat electronics box in each column.
SEBs.
The passenger sets the channel on the passenger control unit. The passenger
Entertainment Audio control unit sends the channel selection to the seat electronics box. The SEB
The audio entertainment player sends 16 audio signals to the audio chooses the correct channel from the digital signal. The SEB converts the
multiplexer. digital signal to an audio signal.

The video system control unit sends audio from the video system to the audio The SEB sends the audio signal to the passenger control unit. The audio goes
multiplexer. The video system control unit can send audio for three video through the headphone jack to the passenger.
programs. Each video program can have two channels of audio.
BITE Panel
Passenger Address Audio You use the BITE panel to send commands to the audio multiplexer. The
The passenger address amplifier supplies these push-to-talk signals: commands tell the audio multiplexer to do these functions:

- Priority 1 - flight crew announcement - Change the seat configuration for the airplane
- Priority 2 - cabin attendant announcement - Start tests of the PES-audio
- Priority 3 - pre-recorded announcements and emergency - Review the faults in memory.
announcements.
The audio mulitplexer sends data to the BITE panel for the display.

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PES AUDIO - AUDIO & CONTROL INTERFACES

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2. VIDEO

2.1. Introduction
General
The passenger entertainment system - video (PES-video) provides video
programs for the passengers.

The video programs have video and audio. The video goes to monitors
throughout the cabin. The audio goes through the passenger entertainment
system - audio (PES-audio). Passengers receive this audio through headsets
attached to the passenger service units in the seats. The audio can go through
the passenger address system. Passengers receive this audio through speakers
in the passenger service units.

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PES VIDEO - INTRODUCTION

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2.2. General Description A signal from the passenger oxygen system stops the video program when
passenger oxygen masks deploy.
General
The passenger entertainment system - video (PES-video) provides video The proximity switch electronics unit (PSEU) provides these discrete signals to
programs to the passengers. Video signals from the video reproducer (VR) go the video system control unit:
through the video system control unit (VSCU) to the video monitors.
- Nose gear discrete signal
The VSCU is also referred to as the programmable system control unit (PSCU) - Air/ground discrete signals
or programmable video system control unit (PVSCU). For consistency, this - Parking brake discrete
document will use the term VSCU when referring to the programmable system - Start take off roll discrete
control unit or programmable video system control unit. - Forward Passenger Door Lock

The VR is also referred to as the video reproducer unit (VRU) or video tape Distribution
reproducer (VTR). For consistency, this document will use the term VR when The video system control unit sends control signals and three video signals
referring to the video reproducer unit or video tape reproducer. to the video distribution units. The video system control unit tells each video
distribution unit when to turn on the monitors and which video signal to send
Components to the monitors. One video distribution unit controls two monitors.
These are the major components of the PES-video:
When you want the audio to go the speakers in the cabin, the video system
- Video reproducer (VR) control unit sends the audio to the passenger address system. The passenger
- Video system control unit (VSCU) address system distributes the audio to the speakers in the cabin.
- Video distribution unit (VDU)
- Video monitor. Display
When a video program plays, the video system control unit turns on the VIDEO
Video Sources ON light in the flight compartment.
Media sources (tape, CD, or DVD) provide programs to the passengers. You
put the media source into the video reproducers (VR). The VRs send the video
and audio signals to the video system control unit.

Control
You use the video system control unit to control the operation of the PES-
video. The video system control unit sends signals to the VRs. These signals
turn on the VRs and control the media source.

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PES VIDEO - BLOCK DIAGRAM

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PES VIDEO - AIRSHOW - BLOCK DIAGRAM

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2.3. Component Location


Flight Compartment
The VIDEO ON light is on the P5 overhead panel in the flight compartment.

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PES VIDEO - FLIGHT COMPARTMENT COMPONENT LOCATION

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Cabin
The video control center is in the overhead stowage bin on the right side in
the aft end of the cabin.

The video control has these components:

- Video reproducer(s)
- Video system control unit

The forward attendant panel is at the forward attendant station.

There are video monitors in the passenger service units (PSUs) above the
passengers.

There are video monitors on the bulkheads and/or class dividers.

The video distribution units (VDUs) are above the ceiling. The VDUs are in
groups. A VDU group has one, two, three, or four VDUs.

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PES VIDEO - CABIN COMPONENT LOCATION

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Aft Cargo Compartment


The digital interface unit and the random access video entertainment player
are in the aft cargo compartment on the E6-1 shelf.

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PES VIDEO - AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT COMPONENT LOCATION

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2.4. Power Interface


Power
The 28v dc bus 2 supplies power to these components:

- Digital interface unit


- Random access video entertainment device
- Video reproducer(s)
- Video system control unit.

The 115V AC XFR BUS 1 supplies power to these components:

- Video system control unit


- Video reproducer(s).

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EXTERNAL FAILURES

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2.5. Video & Control Interface When the passenger address discrete is a ground, the video system control
unit tells the video reproducers to pause.
General
The video reproducers (VRs) transfer information to and receive information Passenger Oxygen System
from the video system control unit (VSCU). When the passenger oxygen comes on, the oxygen indication relay energizes.
This causes the VSCU to shut down. When the VSCU is off, the video
The passenger address system and the passenger oxygen system provide reproducers stop and the video monitors shut down.
discrete inputs to the video system.
Air/Ground System
Video Reproducer The proximity switch electronics unit (PSEU) provides discretes which the
There is a bi-directional RS485 data bus between the video reproducer and the VSCU uses to identify the phase of a flight. The VSCU can start or stop video
video system control unit. programs when the airplane gets to a specific phase of flight.

The video system control unit sends commands to the video reproducer to The PSEU provides these discretes to the VSCU:
control the operation of the video reproducer.
- Nose gear discrete - set when the nose landing gear is down and locked
The video reproducer sends status information to the video system control - Air/ground discrete - set when the airplane is on the ground
unit. - Parking brake discrete - set when the parking brake is set and the
airplane is on the ground.
The video reproducer plays video programs. The video reproducer sends the - Forward Passenger Door Lock discrete - set when the forward passenger
video and two separate audio signals to the video system control unit. door is locked.

The video reproducer sends a VTR DETECT signal to the video system control
unit. The VTR DETECT signal tells the video system control unit that the video
reproducer is on the airplane.

Passenger Address System


The passenger address system sends a discrete signal to the video system
control unit. The discrete is a ground when there is a push-to-talk (PTT) from
any one of these sources:

- Flight crew (priority 1)


- Cabin attendants (priority 2)
- Tape reproducer for pre-recorded announcements (priority 3).

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PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE

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Announcement Audio
The video system control unit sends audio to the passenger address (PA)
amplifier for programs which are broadcast to all passengers. The audio goes
through the video system relay 1.

When the announcement plays, the video system control unit sends a discrete
signal (PA KEY) to the PA amplifier. The PA amplifier uses this signal to
prioritize the audio inputs. The announcement audio has priority 3.

The PA KEY goes to the PES-audio to stop the audio entertainment player.

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PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE VSCU

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Video Output
The video system control unit (VSCU) sends video signals and control signals to
the video distribution units (VDUs). The VDUs send video signals to the video
monitors.

The VSCU receives signals to monitor the status of the video monitors.

Video
The VSCU sends three video signals to the first VDU in the forward and aft
sections. The VDU sends the video signals on to the next VDU in the section.

The last VDU in the section has a termination plug. The termination plug
provides a 50-ohm termination for each video signal.

Each VDU sends one of the three video signals to the video monitors.

Control
The VSCU sends control signals to the VDUs in the forward and aft sections.
The data goes to the first VDU in the section. The VDU sends the data to the
next VDU in the section.

The termination plug on the last VDU in the section provides a jumper for the
control signals.

The control signals tell the VDU when to apply power to the video monitors.
The control signals also tell the VDU which one of the three video signals to
send to the video monitors.

Status
The video monitors tell the VDUs when the video monitor is on. The VDUs
send the status of the video monitors to the VSCU.

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PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE BLOCK DIAGRAM

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DIU General
The digital interface unit (DIU) receives commands to control the operation of
airshow. The DIU receives airplane flight information from other systems. The

DIU sends video signals to the video system control unit.

Control
The video system control unit (VSCU) sends commands to the DIU. The DIU
and VSCU communicate with each other with the RS485 data bus.

Airplane Flight Information


The DIU receives airplane flight information from the air data inertial reference
unit and the flight management computer.

The left air data inertial reference unit sends information to the DIU on two
buses. The air data inlcudes information such as airspeed, altitude, and
temperature. The inertial data includes information such as airplane heading
and ground speed.

The flight management computer (FMC) sends information such as present


position.

FMC 1 sends information through the FMCS transfer relay to the DIU. The
relays are mechanically latched to the FMC 1 position.

Video Output
The DIU sends a video signal to the video system control unit (VSCU). The
video signal goes through a video transformer between the DIU and the
VSCU.

Software Load
The DIU receives software updates on the airplane. The DIU communicates
with the data loader through the data loader control panel.

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PES VIDEO - VIDEO & CONTROL INTERFACE DIU

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