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Quick Reference
Specification Book

Audi of America reserves the right to change or update any part of this
technical manual at any time. No legal commitment can therefore be
derived from the information, illustrations or descriptions in this manual.

The texts, illustrations and standards in this manual are based on the
information available at the time of printing. No part of this manual may
be reprinted, reproduced or translated without the written permission of
Audi of America.

All rights under the copyright laws are expressly reserved by Audi of
America. Subject to alteration and amendment.

Printed in the United States


2010 Audi of America, Inc.
20062010 Audi A8 Platform
Quick Reference Specification Book
Table of Contents
General Information....................................................... 1
Decimal and Metric Equivalents............................................1
Distance/Length........................................................................1
Tightening Torque..................................................................2
Warnings and Cautions.........................................................4
WARNINGS..............................................................................4
CAUTIONS...............................................................................7
Maintenance..........................................................................9
Vehicle Identification.................................................... 12
VIN on Lower Edge of Front Window.....................................12
VIN Decoder...........................................................................12
Vehicle Data Sticker...............................................................15
Sales Codes.................................................................. 16
Engine.................................................................................16
Engine Codes.........................................................................16
Transmission.......................................................................16
Transmission Codes...............................................................16
Vehicle Lifting............................................................... 16
Lifting Points for Lifting Platform and Trolley Jack..................16
Engine Mechanical, Fuel Injection & Ignition............ 17
General, Technical Data......................................................17
Engine Number Location 4.2L BFM..................................17
Engine Number Location 6.0L BSB..................................17
Engine Data . .........................................................................18
Engine Removing and Installing ......................................19
Engine Tightening Torques..................................................19
Assembly Mountings Tightening Torques............................20
Subframe to Body Tightening Torques................................20
Crankshaft/Cylinder Block 8-Cylinder 5V Engine
4.2L BFM..........................................................................21
Assembly Attachments Mounting Tightening Torques.........21
Engine to Transmission Tightening Torques........................22
Drive Chain for Timing Tightening Torques..........................22
Flywheel Drive Plate 4.2L BFM Tightening Torque........23
Crankshaft Assembly 4.2L BFM Tightening Torques.....23

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 i


Crankshaft/Cylinder Block 8-Cylinder 5V Engine
4.2L BFM (continued)....................................................21
Crankshaft Dimensions 4.2L BFM ...................................24
Identification of Top Crankshaft Bearing Shells......................24
Piston and Connecting Rod 4.2L BFM Tightening
Torques............................................................................25
Piston Ring End Gaps 4.2L BFM......................................25
Piston Ring Clearance 4.2L BFM.....................................25
Piston and Cylinder Dimensions 4.2L BFM......................25
Crankshaft/Cylinder Block 12-Cylinder 4V Engine
6.0L BSB..........................................................................26
Assembly Attachments Mounting Tightening Torques ........26
Engine to Transmission Tightening Torques........................27
Drive Chain for Timing Tightening Torques..........................27
Flywheel Drive Plate Tightening Torque..............................28
Cylinder Head 4.2L Engine BFM...................................28
Cylinder Head Tightening Torques......................................28
Cylinder Head Removal Sequence.....................................29
Cylinder Head Tightening Sequence...................................30
Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Sequence........................30
Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Torques............................30
Upper Intake Manifold Tightening Torques..........................31
Secondary Air Injection Tightening Torques........................31
Compression Pressures.........................................................31
Cylinder Head 6.0L Engine BSB...................................31
Cylinder Head Tightening Torques......................................32
Cylinder Head Removal Sequence.....................................32
Cylinder Head Tightening Sequence...................................33
Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Sequence........................34
Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Torque..............................34
Intake Manifold Removal and Installation Tightening
Torques Lower Manifold...................................................35
Upper Manifold.......................................................................36
Secondary Air Injection Tightening Torques........................36
Compression Pressures.........................................................36
Valvetrain 4.2L Engine BFM..........................................37
Valvetrain Tightening Torques..............................................37
Valve Dimensions...................................................................37
Camshaft Tightening Sequence..........................................38
Camshaft Tightening Torque................................................38
Valvetrain 6.0L Engine BSB...........................................38
Valvetrain Tightening Torques..............................................38
Valve Dimensions...................................................................39

ii Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Camshaft Tightening Sequence..........................................39
Camshaft Tightening Torque................................................39
Engine Lubrication 4.2L BFM...........................................40
Lubrication System Components Tightening Torques.........40
Oil Filter Bracket Tightening Torques...................................40
Engine Lubrication 6.0L BSB............................................40
Lubrication System Components Tightening Torques.........40
Oil Filter Bracket Tightening Torques...................................40
Engine Cooling....................................................................41
Cooling System Components (on Engine) 4.2L BFM
Tightening Torques...........................................................41
Cooling System Components (on Engine) 6.0L BSB
Tightening Torques...........................................................41
Cooling System Components (on Body) Tightening
Torques............................................................................41
Recommended Coolant Mixture Ratios..................................42
Fuel Storage and Supply ....................................................42
Fuel Pump Tightening Torques............................................42
Fuel Tank Tightening Torques..............................................42
Accelerator Pedal Module Tightening Torque......................42
EVAP Canister System Tightening Torques.........................42
Engine Cover/Air Filter Tightening Torques.........................42
Fuel Injection 4.2L BFM....................................................43
Fuel Injection System Data.....................................................43
Fuel Injection 6.0L BSB....................................................43
Fuel Injection System Data.....................................................43
Air Filter Assembly...............................................................44
Air Filter Assembly 4.2L BFM Tightening Torques............44
Ignition System 4.2L BFM................................................44
Spark Plug Data.....................................................................44
Ignition System 6.0L BSB.................................................44
Spark Plug Data.....................................................................44
Automatic Transmission.............................................. 45
General, Technical Data......................................................45
09L Transmission Specifications............................................45
09L Planetary Gear and Final Drive Capacities......................45
Automatic Transmission Controls 09L..............................46
09L Selector Mechanism Tightening Torques......................46
09L Selector Shaft Tightening Torque..................................46
09L Mechatronic Unit Tightening Sequence........................46
09L Oil Pan Tightening Torque............................................47
09L Drain Plug and Filter housing Tightening Torques........47

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 iii


Automatic Transmission Installing 09L.............................48
09L Transmission to Engine Tightening Torques.................48
09L Oil Cooler Tightening Torque........................................48
09L Oil Pump Tightening Torques........................................49
09L Transmission Mount Tightening Torques......................49
09L Transmission ATF Lines Tightening Torques................49
09L External ATF Cooler Tightening Torques......................50
09L ATF Lines Tightening Torques......................................50
09L Auxiliary ATF Cooler Tightening Torques......................50
09L Valve Body Tightening Torques....................................50
Suspension, Wheels, Brakes, Steering...................... 51
Front Suspension................................................................51
Front Axle Curb Weight Data...............................................51
Subframe Tightening Torques..............................................51
Control Arm Tightening Torques..........................................52
Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques........................................52
Pendulum Support Tightening Torques...............................52
Suspension Strut Tightening Torques..................................52
Drive Axle Tightening Torques.............................................53
Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques.......................53
Rear Suspension Front Wheel Drive................................53
Subframe Tightening Torques..............................................53
Left Rear Level Control System Sensor G76 Tightening
Torques............................................................................54
Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques.......................54
Lower Transverse Link Tightening Torque...........................54
Shock Absorbers Tightening Torques..................................54
Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques........................................54
Drive Axle Tightening Torques.............................................55
Rear Suspension All Wheel Drive.....................................55
Subframe Tightening Torques..............................................55
Left Rear Level Control System Sensor G76 Tightening
Torques............................................................................55
Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques.......................56
Lower Transverse Link Tightening Torque...........................56
Shock Absorbers Tightening Torques..................................56
Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques........................................56
Drive Axle Tightening Torques.............................................56
Wheels, Tires, Wheel Alignment..........................................57
Wheel Bolts Tightening Torques..........................................57
Tire Pressure Sensor Tightening Torque.............................57
Wheel Alignment Data............................................................57

iv Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Brake System......................................................................58
Brake Master Cylinder and Brake Booster Technical
Data..................................................................................58
Front Wheel Brakes Technical Data....................................58
Rear Brakes (Disc Brakes) Technical Data.........................59
Hydraulic Unit, Brake Booster/Brake Master Cylinder
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) Bosch 8.0 Tightening
Torques............................................................................59
ESP Sensor Unit G200 Tightening Torque..........................60
Parking Brake Lever Tightening Torque..............................60
Brake Pedal Tightening Torques..........................................60
Hydraulic Components Brake Hoses and Brake Lines
Tightening Torques...........................................................60
Hydraulic Unit, Brake Booster/Brake Master Cylinder
Tightening Torques...........................................................61
Steering...............................................................................61
Steering Column Tightening Torques..................................62
Steering Gear Tightening Torques.......................................62
Body............................................................................... 63
Air Gap Body Dimensions......................................................63
Body Exterior.......................................................................65
Lock Carrier Service Position Tightening Torques...............65
Front Fender Tightening Torques........................................65
Underbody Trim Tightening Torques....................................65
Plenum Chamber Bulkhead Tightening Torque...................65
Front Hood Tightening Torques...........................................65
Rear Lid Tightening Torques................................................65
Front and Rear Door Tightening Torques............................66
Sunroof Tightening Torques.................................................66
Front Bumper Tightening Torques.......................................66
Rear Bumper Tightening Torques........................................66
Front and Rear Door Window Tightening Torques..............67
Front Wheel Housing Liner Tightening Torque....................67
Rear View Mirror Tightening Torques..................................67
Radiator Grille Tightening Torque........................................67
Strips and Trim Tightening Torques.....................................67
Body Interior........................................................................67
Storage Compartment Tightening Torques..........................68
Passenger Protection Tightening Torques...........................68
Interior Trim Tightening Torques..........................................69
Seat Frames Tightening Torques.........................................69

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 v


Heating and Air Conditioning...................................... 70
Refrigerant R134a Capacity................................................70
Refrigerant (PAG) Oil Identification........................................70
Refrigerant (PAG) Oil Capacities............................................70
Refrigerant Oil Distribution.....................................................70
Refrigerant R134a Vapor Pressure Table...............................70
Physical Data of Refrigerant R134a.......................................72
A/C Refrigerant Pressure and Temperature Refrigerant
Circuit with Expansion Valve Specifications..................73
A/C Refrigerant Pressure and Temperature Refrigerant
Circuit with Restrictor and Reservoir Specifications......75
Heating and Ventilation System Tightening Torques..........76
A/C System Tightening Torques..........................................76
A/C Refrigerant System Tightening Torques.......................77
Electrical Equipment.................................................... 78
Battery Tightening Torques..................................................78
Generator Tightening Torques.............................................78
Generator 4.2L Tightening Torques.....................................78
Starter Tightening Torques..................................................78
Wiper and Washer Systems Tightening Torques.................78
Headlamp Tightening Torques.............................................79
Fog Lamp Tightening Torque...............................................79
Rear Lights in Rear Fender Tightening Torque....................79
Rear Lights in Rear Lid Tightening Torque..........................79
Vehicle Level Sensors Tightening Torques..........................79
E-Box in Engine Compartment Tightening Torques.............79
DTC CHART................................................................... 80

vi Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


General Information
Decimal and Metric Equivalents

Information
General
Distance/Length
To calculate: mm x 0.03937 = in.
mm in. mm in. mm in. mm in.
0.002 0.00008 0.01 0.0004 0.1 0.004 1 0.04
0.004 0.00016 0.02 0.0008 0.2 0.008 2 0.08
0.006 0.00024 0.03 0.0012 0.3 0.012 3 0.12
0.008 0.00031 0.04 0.0016 0.4 0.016 4 0.16
0.010 0.00039 0.05 0.0020 0.5 0.020 5 0.20
0.020 0.00079 0.06 0.0024 0.6 0.024 6 0.24
0.030 0.00118 0.07 0.0028 0.7 0.028 7 0.28
0.040 0.00157 0.08 0.0031 0.8 0.031 8 0.31
0.050 0.00197 0.09 0.0035 0.9 0.035 9 0.35
0.060 0.00236 0.10 0.0039 1.0 0.039 10 0.39
0.070 0.00276 0.20 0.0079 2.0 0.079 20 0.79
0.080 0.00315 0.30 0.0118 3.0 0.118 30 1.18
0.090 0.00354 0.40 0.0157 4.0 0.157 40 1.57
0.100 0.00394 0.50 0.0197 5.0 0.197 50 1.97
0.200 0.00787 0.60 0.0236 6.0 0.236 60 2.36
0.300 0.01181 0.70 0.0276 7.0 0.276 70 2.76
0.400 0.01575 0.80 0.0315 8.0 0.315 80 3.15
0.500 0.01969 0.90 0.0354 9.0 0.354 90 3.54
0.600 0.02362 1.00 0.0394 10.0 0.394 100 3.94
0.700 0.02756 2.00 0.0787 20.0 0.787
0.800 0.03150 3.00 0.1181 30.0 1.181
0.900 0.03543 4.00 0.1575 40.0 1.575
1.000 0.03937 5.00 0.1969 50.0 1.969
2.000 0.07874 6.00 0.2362 60.0 2.362
3.000 0.11811 7.00 0.2756 70.0 2.756
4.000 0.15748 8.00 0.3150 80.0 3.150
5.000 0.19685 9.00 0.3543 90.0 3.543
6.000 0.23622 10.00 0.3937 100.0 3.937
7.000 0.27559 20.00 0.7874
8.000 0.31496 30.00 1.1811
9.000 0.35433 40.00 1.5748
10.000 0.39370 50.00 1.9685
20.000 0.78740 60.00 2.3622
30.000 1.18110 70.00 2.7559
40.000 1.57480 80.00 3.1496
50.000 1.96850 90.00 3.5433
60.000 2.36220 100.00 3.9370
70.000 2.75591
80.000 3.14961
90.000 3.54331
100.000 3.93701

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 1


Tightening Torque
Nm-to-lbft (ftlb)
To calculate: Nm x 0.738 = lbft
lbft
Nm Nm lbft (ftlb) Nm lbft (ftlb)
(ftlb)
10 7 55 41 100 74
11 8 56 41 105 77
12 9 57 42 110 81
13 10 58 43 115 85
14 10 59 44 120 89
15 11 60 44 125 92
16 12 61 45 130 96
17 13 62 46 135 100
18 13 63 46 140 103
19 14 64 47 145 107
20 15 65 48 150 111
21 15 66 49 155 114
22 16 67 49 160 118
23 17 68 50 165 122
24 18 69 51 170 125
25 18 70 52 175 129
26 19 71 52 180 133
27 20 72 53 185 136
28 21 73 54 190 140
29 21 74 55 195 144
30 22 75 55 200 148
31 23 76 56 205 151
32 24 77 57 210 155
33 24 78 58 215 159
34 25 79 58 220 162
35 26 80 59 225 166
36 27 81 60 230 170
37 27 82 60 235 173
38 28 83 61 240 177
39 29 84 62 245 181
40 30 85 63 250 184
41 30 86 63 260 192
42 31 87 64 270 199
43 32 88 65 280 207
44 32 89 66 290 214
45 33 90 66 300 221
46 34 91 67 310 229
47 35 92 68 320 236
48 35 93 69 330 243
49 36 94 69 340 251
50 37 95 70 350 258
51 38 96 71 360 266
52 38 97 72 370 273
53 39 98 72 380 280
54 40 99 73 390 288
55 41 100 74 400 295

2 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Nm-to-lbin (inlb), kgcm
To calculate: Nm x 885 = lbin Nm x 10.20 = kgcm

Information
General
lbin lbin
Nm kgcm Nm kgcm
(inlb) (inlb)
1 9 10 26 230 265
2 18 20 27 239 275
3 27 31 28 248 286
4 35 41 29 257 296
5 44 51 30 266 306
6 53 61 31 274 316
7 62 71 32 283 326
8 71 82 33 292 337
9 80 92 34 301 347
10 89 102 35 310 357
11 97 112 36 319 367
12 106 122 37 327 377
13 115 133 38 336 387
14 124 143 39 345 398
15 133 153 40 354 408
16 142 163 41 363 418
17 150 173 42 372 428
18 159 184 43 381 438
19 168 194 44 389 449
20 177 204 45 398 459
21 186 214 46 407 469
22 195 224 47 416 479
23 204 235 48 425 489
24 212 245 49 434 500
25 221 255 50 443 510

Ncm-to-lbin (inlb), kgcm


To calculate: Ncm x 0.089 = lbin Ncm x 0.102 = kgcm
lbin lbin
Ncm kgcm Ncm kgcm
(inlb) (inlb)
50 4 5 250 22 25
60 5 6 300 27 31
70 6 7 350 31 36
80 7 8 400 35 41
90 8 9 450 40 46
100 9 10 500 44 51
110 10 11 550 49 56
120 11 12 600 53 61
130 12 13 650 58 66
140 12 14 700 62 71
150 13 15 750 66 76
160 14 16 800 71 82
170 15 17 850 75 87
180 16 18 900 80 92
190 17 19 950 84 97
200 18 20 1000 89 102

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 3


kgcm-to-lbin (inlb), Ncm
To calculate: kgcm x 0.868 = lbin kgcm x 9.81 = Ncm
lbin lbin
kgcm Ncm kgcm Ncm
(inlb) (inlb)
5 4 49 110 95 1079
6 5 59 120 104 1177
7 6 69 130 113 1275
8 7 78 140 122 1373
9 8 88 150 130 1471
10 9 98 160 139 1569
20 17 196 170 148 1667
30 26 294 180 156 1765
40 35 392 190 165 1863
50 43 490 200 174 1961
60 52 588 210 182 2059
70 61 686 220 191 2157
80 69 785 230 200 2256
90 78 883 240 208 2354
100 87 981 250 217 2452

Warnings and Cautions


WARNINGS
Some repairs may be beyond your capability. If you lack the
skills, tools and equipment, or a suitable workplace for any
procedure described in this manual, we suggest you leave such
repairs to an authorized dealer service department or other
qualified shop.

Do not re-use any fasteners that are worn or deformed in normal


use. Many fasteners are designed, to be used only once and
become unreliable and may fail when used a second time. This
includes, but is not limited to, nuts, bolts, washers, self-locking
nuts or bolts, circlips and cotter pins. Always replace these
fasteners with new parts.

Never work under a lifted car unless it is solidly supported on


stands designed for the purpose. Do not support a car on cinder
blocks, hollow tiles or other props that may crumble under
continuous load. Never work under a car that is supported solely
by a jack. Never work under the car while the engine is running.

If you are going to work under a car on the ground, make sure
that the ground is level. Block the wheels to keep the car from

4 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


rolling. Disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal (ground
strap) to prevent others from starting the car while you are
under it.

Information
General
Never run the engine unless the work area is well ventilated.
Carbon monoxide kills.

Rings, bracelets and other jewelry should be removed so that


they cannot cause electrical shorts, get caught in running
machinery, or be crushed by heavy parts.

Tie long hair behind your head. Do not wear a necktie, a scarf,
loose clothing, or a necklace when you work near machine tools
or running engines. If your hair, clothing, or jewelry were to get
caught in the machinery, severe injury could result.

Do not attempt to work on your car if you do not feel well. You
increase the danger of injury to yourself and others if you are
tired upset or have taken medication or any other substance that
may keep you from being fully alert.

Illuminate your work area adequately but safely. Use a portable


safety light for working inside or under the car. Make sure
the bulb is enclosed by a wire cage. The hot filament of an
accidentally broken bulb can ignite spilled fuel, vapors or oil.

Catch draining fuel, oil, or brake fluid in suitable containers. Do


not use food or beverage containers that might mislead someone
into drinking from them. Store flammable fluids away from fire
hazards. Wipe up spills at once, but do not store the oily rags,
which can ignite and burn spontaneously.

Always observe good workshop practices. Wear goggles when


you operate machine tools or work with battery acid. Gloves
or other protective clothing should be worn whenever the job
requires working with harmful substances.

Greases, lubricants and other automotive chemicals contain


toxic substances, many of which are absorbed directly through
the skin. Read the manufacturer's instructions and warnings
carefully. Use hand and eye protection. Avoid direct skin contact

Disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal (ground strap)


whenever you work on the fuel system or the electrical system.
Do not smoke or work near heaters or other fire hazards. Keep
an approved fire extinguisher handy.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 5


Friction materials (such as brake pads or shoes or clutch discs)
contain asbestos fibers or other friction materials. Do not create
dust by grinding, sanding, or by cleaning with compressed air.
Avoid breathing dust. Breathing any friction material dust can
lead to serious diseases and may result in death.

Batteries give off explosive hydrogen gas during charging. Keep


sparks, lighted matches and open flame away from the top of the
battery. If hydrogen gas escaping from the cap vents is ignited,
it will ignite gas trapped in the cells and cause the battery to
explode.

Connect and disconnect battery cables, jumper cables or


a battery charger only with the ignition switched off. Do not
disconnect the battery while the engine is running.

Do not quick-charge the battery (for boost starting) for longer


than one minute. Wait at least one minute before boosting the
battery a second time.

Do not allow battery charging voltage to exceed 16.5 volts. If


the battery begins producing gas or boiling violently, reduce the
charging rate. Boosting a sulfated battery at a high charging rate
can cause an explosion.

The air conditioning system is filled with chemical refrigerant,


which is hazardous. The A/C system should be serviced only
by trained technicians using approved refrigerant recovery/
recycling equipment, trained in related safety precautions, and
familiar with regulations governing the discharging and disposal
of automotive chemical refrigerants.

Do not expose any part of the A/C system to high temperatures


such as open flame. Excessive heat will increase system
pressure and may cause the system to burst.

Some aerosol tire inflators are highly flammable. Be extremely


cautious when repairing a tire that may have been inflated using
an aerosol tire inflator. Keep sparks, open flame or other sources
of ignition away from the tire repair area. Inflate and deflate the
tire at least four times before breaking the bead from the rim.
Completely remove the tire from the rim before attempting any
repair.

Some cars are equipped with a supplemental restraint system


(SRS) that automatically deploys airbags and pyrotechnic seat
belt tensioners in the event of a frontal or side impact. These

6 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


are explosive devices. Handled improperly or without adequate
safeguards, they can be accidentally activated and cause
serious injury.

Information
General
The ignition system produces high voltages that can be fatal.
Avoid contact with exposed terminals and use extreme care
when working on a car with the engine running or the ignition
switched on.

Place jack stands only at locations specified by manufacturer.


The vehicle lifting jack supplied with the vehicle is intended for
tire changes only. A heavy duty floor jack should be used to lift
vehicle before installing jack stands. See 010 General.

Battery acid (electrolyte) can cause severe burns. Flush contact


area with water, seek medical attention.

Aerosol cleaners and solvents may contain hazardous or deadly


vapors and are highly flammable. Use only in a well ventilated
area. Do not use on hot surfaces (engines, brakes, etc.).

Do not remove coolant reservoir or radiator cap with the engine


hot. Danger of burns and engine damage.

CAUTIONS
If you lack the skills, tools and equipment, or a suitable workshop
for any procedure described in this manual, we suggest you leave
such repairs to an authorized dealer or other qualified shop.

Before starting a job, make certain that you have all the
necessary tools and parts on hand. Read all the instructions
thoroughly, and do not attempt shortcuts. Use tools appropriate
to the work and use only replacement parts meeting original
specifications. Makeshift tools, parts and procedures will not
make good repairs.

Use pneumatic and electric tools only to loosen threaded parts


and fasteners. Never use these tools to tighten fasteners,
especially on light alloy parts. Always use a torque wrench to
tighten fasteners to the tightening torque specification listed.

Be mindful of the environment and ecology. Before you drain the


crankcase, find out the proper way to dispose of the oil. Do not
pour oil onto the ground, down a drain, or into a stream, pond or
lake. Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and
Local laws.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 7


The control module for the anti-lock brake system (ABS) cannot
withstand temperatures from a paint-drying booth or a heat
lamp in excess of 203F (95C) and should not be subjected to
temperatures in excess of 185F (85C) for more than two hours.

Before doing any electrical welding on cars equipped with ABS,


disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal (ground strap) and
the ABS control module connector.

Always make sure ignition is off before disconnecting battery.

Label battery cables before disconnecting. On some models,


battery cables are not color coded.

Disconnecting the battery may erase fault code(s) stored


in control module memory. Check for fault codes prior to
disconnecting the battery cables.

If a normal or rapid charger is used to charge battery, the battery


must be disconnected and removed from the vehicle in order to
avoid damaging paint and upholstery.

Do not quick-charge the battery (for boost starting) for longer


than one minute. Wait at least one minute before boosting the
battery a second time.

Connect and disconnect a battery charger only with the battery


charger switched off.

Sealed or "maintenance free" batteries should be slow-charged


only, at an amperage rate that is approximately 10% of the
battery's ampere-hour (Ah) rating.

Do not allow battery charging voltage to exceed 16.5 volts. If


the battery begins producing gas or boiling violently, reduce the
charging rate. Boosting a sulfated battery at a high charging rate
can cause an explosion.

8 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Maintenance

Information
General
2006 FLUID CAPACITy CHART

1
Engine oil Automatic Differential A/C A/C Refrigerant
Manual Cooling Power
Vehicle approx. qty. Trans2 Automatic Trans3 Brake Fluid
6
Refrigerant oil7
Trans System4 Steering5
w/filter change New Fill New Fill R-134a (See RM for oils)
A8 / A8L 4.2L (BVJ) 09L Front final 12.0L (12.7 qt) Fluid Capacity 1.0L (1.06 qt)* 620g 20g 150cc 10cc
8.4L (8.9 qt) 6-Spd AWD 1.1L (1.2 qt) N/A (21.9 0.71oz) (5.1oz 0.3oz)
9.8L (10.3 qt) Transfer Case *With brake
.55L (0.6 qt) See RM for fluid extracted
01R/08V Rear final proper filling from brake
1.5L (1.6 qt) information fluid reservoir
oAR Rear Final and exchange
0.9L (0.9 qt) amount for the
S8 5.2L (BSM) N/A BSM 09G 09E 15.6L (16.5 qt) hydraulic
10.0L (10.6 qt) 7.0L (7.4 qt) Front Diff. clutch system.
1.2L (1.3 qt)
BSM/BSB Center Diff.
A8L W12 6.0L (BSB) 09E 1.1L (1.2 qt) 18.9L (20 qt)
12.5L (13.0 qt) 6-Spd quattro 01R Rear Final
10.4L (11 qt) 1.5L (1.6 qt)
oAR Rear Final
0.9L (0.9 qt)

1) Engine Oil: Only use oils meeting VW oil quality standard VW502 00. If VW502 00 is not available you may use oil (synthetic preferred) meeting either ACEA A3, A5 or B5; API
SL; or ILSAC GF-3 for topping off only (not more than 0.5 qt/ltr). Do not overfill! Overfilling engine oil can cause misfire DTCs to be stored in ECM (J220). To prevent overfillling, add
approx. 0.5L less than capacity, start engine and let run until engine operating temp. is approx. 60oC (140oF), turn OFF ignition, wait approx. 3 minutes, check dipstick, then fill to
MAX. Viscosity 5W40, 5W30 or 0W40.
2) Automatic Trans: New fill quantities are for reference only. Only replace after repair (i.e., when removing oil pan). See RM for details. See ETKA for oil fluid specifics.
3) Differential Automatic Trans: See ETKA for oil fluid specifics. 09G: Capacity included w/auto transmission.
4) Cooling System: Use phosphate-free coolant G 012 A8F A4 [G12+ (purple), Valvoline G12 (purple) is really G12+). Note the following mixing combinations: G11 (green) & G12
(pink) no; G11 & Valvoline G12 ok; G11 & G12+ ok; G12 & Valvoline G12 ok; G11 & G12 & G12+ no; G11 & G12 & Valvoline G12 no. Frost protection is required down to
o o o o
approx. -25 C (-13 F). In countries with arctic climates, frost protection is required down to approx. -35 C (-31 F). The anti-freeze ratio must be a minimum of 40%, otherwise frost
protection is reduced. The recommended mixture ratio is 50:50. If greater frost protection is required (very cold climates), the amount of G 012 A8F A4 can be increased, but only up
o o
to 60%. This provides frost protection to approx. -40 C (-40 F). Do not reduce the coolant concentration by adding water, even in warmer seasons/countries, as cooling effectiveness
will be reduced.
5) Power Steering: Hydraulic oil G 002 000. Do not use ATF. Do not reuse drained fluid.
6) Brake Fluid: Use new brake fluid in accordance with US Standard FMVSS 116 Dot 4. See ETKA for fluid specifics. Always siphon some brake fluid from reservoir before replacing
brake pads. Refer to Warnings and notes in RM brake section, before working on hydraulic system.
7) A/C Refrigerant Oil: Use PAG oil, Part No. G 052 300 A2, with R-134a.

note: Part numbers are for reference only. Always check with your Parts Dept. for the latest parts information.

Page 5 of 6
2006 Volkswagen of America, Inc. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is based on the latest information available at the time of printing and is subject to the copyright and other
intellectual property rights of Volkswagen of America, Inc., its affiliated companies and its licensors. All rights are reserved to make changes at any time without notice. No part of this document may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, nor may these materials be modified or reposted to
other sites, without the prior expressed written permission of the publisher.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 9


A8, A8L and S8 2008 FLUID CAPACITy CHART
Vehicle
Engine oil A/C A/C Windshield
Manual Auto Cooling Power
approx. qty. Final Drives Brake Fluid Refrigerant Refrigerant and
(Sales Trans Trans System Steering
w/filter R134a oil Headlight
Code)
change Fluid
A8 / A8L 4.2L V8 NA 6-Spd Front F/Drive 12.0L (12.7qt) Use only R134a Use PAG oil 4.8L (5.1qt)
4-door (BVJ) Tiptronic New Fill: Refer to Refer to with R134a
Quattro (09L) 1.1L (1.2qt) Maintenance Maintenance See Parts
9.1L (9.6qt) Manual Manual Catalog for See Parts
(4E25FL) New Fill: Rear F/Drive Power Brake Fluid, refrigerant Catalog for
A8 9.8L (10.4qt) (0AR) Steering Changing capacity oil capacity
New Fill: System
(4E85FL) Change: 0.9L (1.0qt) Fluid and
A8L 8.0L (8.5qt) Filling
approx.

A8L 6.0L W12 6-Spd 18.9L (20qt)


4-door (BSB) Tiptronic
Quattro (09E)
12.5L (13.2qt)
(4E85CL) New Fill:
10.4L (11qt)

Change:
S8 5.2L V10 10L (10.6qt) Front F/Drive 15.6L (16.5qt)
4-door (BSM) approx. New Fill:
Quattro 1.2L (1.3qt)
10L (10.6qt)
(4E25SL) Rear F/Drive
(0AR)
New Fill:
0.9L (1.0qt)

For proper fluid level and filling information, see the Maintenance and/or Repair Manual in ElsaWeb.
Refer to the owners Manual Vehicle Care - Checking and Filling for information on the following:
Engine oil quality standards and viscosity
Engine coolant information
Brake fluid standard
Always check with your Parts Department for the latest parts information.

2008 Audi of America, Inc. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is based on the latest information available at the time of printing and is subject to the copyright and other
intellectual property rights of Audi of America, Inc., its affiliated companies and its licensors. All rights are reserved to make changes at any time without notice. No part of this document may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, nor may these materials be modified or reposted to
other sites, without the prior expressed written permission of the publisher.

A8, A8L and S8 - 2009 FLUID CAPACITy CHART updated 29 Jan 2010

Vehicle Engine oil Manual Auto Cooling Power Windshield


Final Drives Brake System A/C System
(Sales Code) approx. qty. Trans Trans System Steering & Headlight
w/filter change Fluid

A8 / A8L 4.2L V8 350 hp n/A 6-Spd Front F/Drive 12.0L (12.7 qt)*** Capacity 1.0 L (1.1qt) Refrigerant 4.8 L (5.1 qt)
quattro (BVJ) Tiptronic New Fill: information not (approximately) Use only R134a
(09L) 1.1L (1.2qt) available Fluid Pn
(4E25FL) 8.5L (9.0 qt) Refrig. Capacity G 052 164*
A8 New Fill: oil Pn Fluid Pn VW Brake Fluid 620 +/- 20 grams
Audi oil Spec: 9.8L (10.4qt) G 055 145 A2* G 002 000* Specification:
(4E85FL) VW 502 00 or
A8L Use synthetic oil oil Pn G 004 000* Use new fluid only. Refrigerant oil
SAE 5W-40,
G 055 162 A2* Rear F/Drive Use a PAG oil
SAE 5W-30 or
SAE 0W-40 (0AR) FMVSS 116 DOT 4 with R134a
0.9L (1.0qt) or SAE J 1703
A8L 6.0L W12 450 hp 6-Spd 18.9L (20.0 qt)*** oil Pn & Capacity
quattro (BSB) Tiptronic oil Pn For Denso use:
(09E) G 052 145 S2*
(4E85CL) 12.5L (13.2qt) Fluid Pn 150 cc +/- 10 cc
New Fill: B 000 750* G 052 300 A2*
Audi oil Spec: 10.4L (11qt)
VW 502 00
Use synthetic oil oil Pn for 6.0 L
SAE 5W-40,
G 055 162 A2*
SAE 5W-30 or
SAE 0W-40

S8 5.2L V10 450 hp 15.6L (16.5 qt)***


quattro (BSM)
oil Pn for 5.2 L
(4E25SL) 10.0L (10.6qt) G 055 005 A2*

Audi oil Spec:


VW 502 00
Use synthetic oil
SAE 5W-40,
SAE 5W-30 or
SAE 0W-40

For proper fluid level and filling information, see the Repair Manual and/or Maintenance Manual in ElsaWeb.
* oil and fluid part numbers are for reference only. Always check with your Parts Department for the latest part information.
**Refer to Technical Bulletin 17-08-27 (2010043) for engine oils that meet this Audi oil standard.
*** Audi Coolant Additive Specification and Part number: (color is purple) G 12 plus-plus PN- G 012 A8G.

2009 Audi of America, Inc. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is based on the latest information available at the time of printing and is subject to the copyright and other intellectual
property rights of Audi of America, Inc., its affiliated companies and its licensors. All rights are reserved to make changes at any time without notice. No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, nor may these materials be modified
or reposted to other sites, without the prior expressed written permission of the publisher.

10 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


A8 and A8L - 2010 FLUID CAPACITy CHART updated 01 Feb 2010

Information
Vehicle Engine oil Manual Auto Cooling Power Windshield
Final Drives Brake System A/C System
(Sales Code) approx. qty. Trans Trans System Steering & Headlight

General
w/filter change Fluid

A8 / A8L 4.2L V8 350 hp n/A 6-Spd Front F/Drive 12.0L (12.7 qt)*** Capacity 1.0 L (1.1qt) Refrigerant 4.8 L (5.1 qt)
quattro (BVJ) Tiptronic New Fill: information not (approximately) Use only R134a
(09L) 1.1L (1.2qt) available Fluid Pn
(4E25FL) 8.5L (9.0 qt) G 052 164*
A8 New Fill: oil Pn Fluid Pn VW Brake Fluid Refrigerant oil
Audi oil Spec: 9.8L (10.4qt) G 052 145 S2* G 002 000* Specification: Use a PAG oil
(4E85FL) VW 502 00 or with R134a
A8L Use synthetic oil oil Pn G 004 000* Use new fluid only.
SAE 5W-40,
G 055 162 A2* Rear F/Drive oil Capacity & Pn
SAE 5W-30 or
SAE 0W-40 (0AR) FMVSS 116 DOT 4 For Denso use:
0.9L (1.0qt) or SAE J 1703
150 cc +/- 10 cc
oil Pn G 052 300 A2*
G 052 145 S2*
Fluid Pn
B 000 750*

For proper fluid level and filling information, see the Repair Manual and/or Maintenance Manual in ElsaWeb.
* oil and fluid part numbers are for reference only. Always check with your Parts Department for the latest part information.
**Refer to Technical Bulletin 17-09-12 (2010043) for engine oils that meet this Audi oil standard.
*** Audi Coolant Additive Specification and Part number: (color is purple) G 12 plus-plus PN- G 012 A8G.

2010 Audi of America, Inc. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is based on the latest information available at the time of printing and is subject to the copyright and other intellectual
property rights of Audi of America, Inc., its affiliated companies and its licensors. All rights are reserved to make changes at any time without notice. No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, nor may these materials be modified
or reposted to other sites, without the prior expressed written permission of the publisher.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 11


Vehicle Identification
VIN on Lower Edge of Front Window

The VIN is on the left side of the vehicle


in the windshield, in the area of the windshield
wiper mount. It is visible from outside.

VIN Decoder

12 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Identification
Vehicle
Series: G= S4 Sedan Quattro
A= A4 Cabrio. FWD S6 Sedan Quattro
2 0 0 8 A u d i V IN D e c o d e r
A4 Sedan FWD H= A3 Avant FWD
Restraint system
Mfg. Make (1-3)

K= A3 Avant

Assembly plant
A6 Sedan FWD **
Audi Q7 Quattro** S-Line Quattro
A4 Avant Quattro Sequential
Model (7&8)

R8
Check digit
TT Coupe A6 Avant Quattro
Model year product number
B= A4 Cabrio. L= A8 Sedan Quattro
M= A3 Avant with (position 12 - 17)
Engine

S-Line FWD
Series

A4 Sedan Sport Pkg.


S-Line FWD ** A8L Sedan
A6 Sedan Quattro
S-Line FWD ** TT Roadster
N= A3 Avant with
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Audi Q7 Prem.
Quattro Prem. Pkg. T R U A F 3 8 J 8 8 1 0 0 0 4 9 9
TT Coupe with TT Roadster with
2008
See back

Prem. Pkg. Prem. Pkg. 8P = A3 D= 6 cyl 3.2L 250hp A3 /


C= Q7 S-Line Quattro P= S8 Sedan Quattro 8E = A4/S4/ TT
WAU = Audi - Germany, Pass. Car

R= RS 4 Sedan A= Ingolstadt, Germany


WUA = quattro GmbH - Germany,
TRU = Audi - Hungary, Pass. Car

D= A4 Cabrio. Quattro RS4 F= 4 cyl 2.0L 200hp A3 /


A4 Sedan Quattro Quattro 8H = A4 / S4 D= Bratislava, Slovakia A4 / A4 Cabriolet / TT
WA1 = Audi - Europe, S.U.V

A6 Sedan Quattro S4 Cabrio. Quattro Cabriolet K= Karmann-Rheine H= 6 cyl 3.2L 255hp A4 /


TT Coupe Quattro TT Roadster 4F = A6 / S6 N= Neckarsulm, A4 Cabriolet / A6
E= A4 Cabrio. Quattro 4E = A8 / S8 Germany L= 8 cyl 4.2L 344hp S4 /
S-Line Quattro S= A4 Avant S-Line 4L =Audi Q7 1= Gyor, Hungary S4 Cabriolet
A4 Sedan Quattro 42 = R8 N= 10 cyl 5.2L 435hp S6
S-Line Quattro A6 Avant S-Line 8J = TT Calculate per 10 cyl 5.2L 450hp S8
Pass. Car

A6 Sedan Quattro NHTSA Code R= 12 cyl 6.0L 450hp A8


S-Line Quattro TT Roadster with U= 8 cyl 4.2L 420hp RS4
Q7 Prem. Prem.Pkg. Quattro V= 8 cyl 4.2L 350hp A6/
S-Line Quattro U= S4 Avant Quattro A8 / Audi Q7 / R8
Revised: June 2007
TT Coupe with Y= 6 cyl 3.6L 280hp Audi
Prem. Pkg. Quattro ** = US only Q7

2 0 0 8 A u d i V IN D e c o d e r
4= Advanced Front AirBag + Knee AirBag + Side AirBags Frt. & Rear + Side Guard
9 = Advanced Front AirBag + Side AirBags Front & Rear + Side Guard Air Curtain
4 = Advanced Front AirBag + Side AirBag + Front Dr/Pass (A4 Cabriolet Only)

6 Restraint system

11 Assembly plant
7 = Advanced Front AirBag + Side AirBags Front + Side Guard Air Curtain

2 Mfg. Make (1-3)

Sequential
3= Advanced Front AirBag + Knee Air Bag + Side AirBags Front

Model (7&8)

9 Check digit

10 Model year

product number
(position 12 - 17)
5 Engine
4 Series

12

13

14

15

16

17
1

8
NHTSA Code
Calculate per

Sequential
All = Active Dr/Pass + AirBag Dr/Pass

Number
Product
2007 Restraint System:

Air Curtain (A8 only)

W = 1998
M = 1991
G = 1986
H = 1987

N = 1992

R = 1994
K = 1989

P = 1993

S = 1995

V = 1997

X = 1999
Y = 2000
T = 1996
L = 1990

1 = 2001
2 = 2002
3 = 2003
4 = 2004
5 = 2005
6 = 2006
7 = 2007
8 = 2008
9 = 2009
J = 1988

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 13


14 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010
Identification
Vehicle
Vehicle Data Sticker

The vehicle data sticker is located in the


left rear of the vehicle in the spare wheel well
under the foam storage tray. The vehicle data sticker
can also be found in the customers service schedule.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 15


Sales Codes
Engine
Engine Codes
BFM 4.2L 8-cylinder 5V
BSM 5.2L 10-cylinder 4V
BSB 6.0L 12-cylinder 4V

Transmission
Transmission Codes
09E/L 6-speed direct shift automatic/6-speed automatic

Vehicle Lifting
Lifting Points for Lifting Platform
and Trolley Jack

Front and rear: Plastic recesses on vehicle


underbody marked in red.

16 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Engine Mechanical,
Fuel Injection & Ignition
General, Technical Data
Engine Number Location 4.2L BFM

The engine number (engine code and serial number)


is stamped on the left side of the cylinder block.

Codes
Sales
In addition, a sticker with the engine code and serial
number is affixed to the timing belt cover.

Engine Number Location 6.0L BSB


Vehicle
Lifting
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

The engine number (engine code and serial number)


is located at the front on the cylinder block, below
the left cylinder head. In addition, a sticker with the
engine code and serial number is affixed to the
right cylinder head cover.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 17


Engine Data
Code letters BFM
Displacement liter 4.172
Output kW at RPM 246/6000
Torque Nm at RPM 430/3500
Bore Diameter mm 84.5
Stroke mm 93.0
Compression ratio 11.0
RON 98 unleaded 1)
Fuel injection and ignition system Motronic
Ignition sequence 1-5-4-8-6-3-7-2
Catalytic converter Yes
Exhaust gas recirculation No
Charging No
Variable valve timing Yes
Variable intake manifold Yes
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system Yes
Timing at 1 mm valve lift and 0 mm valve lash:
Intake valve opens after TDC 25
Intake valve closes after BDC 45
Exhaust valve opens before BDC 38
Exhaust valve closes before TDC 8
1)
Super unleaded RON 95 is permissible, although with reduced power

Code letters BSM


Displacement liter 5.204
Output kW at RPM 331/7000
Torque Nm at RPM 540/3500
Bore Diameter mm 84.5
Stroke mm 92.8
Compression ratio 12.5
RON 98 1)
Fuel injection and ignition system Motronic
Ignition sequence 1-6-5-10-2-7-3-
8-4-9
Exhaust gas recirculation No
Turbocharger, G-charger No
Knock control Yes
Variable valve timing Yes
Variable intake manifold Yes
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system Yes
Valve per cylinder 4
1)
Super unleaded RON 95 is permissible, although with reduced power

18 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Code letters BSB
Displacement liter 5.998
Output kW at RPM 331/6200
Torque Nm at RPM 580/4000 - 4500
Bore Diameter mm 84
Stroke mm 90.2
Compression ratio 10.75
RON mm 98 1)
Fuel injection and ignition system Motronic
Ignition sequence 1-12-5-8-3-10-6-
7-2-11-4-9
Exhaust gas recirculation No
Charging No
Knock control Yes
Variable valve timing Yes
Variable intake manifold No
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system Yes
1)
Super unleaded RON 95 is permissable, although with reduced power

Engine Removing and Installing


Engine Tightening Torques
Bolted connection Bolt size Nm
Bolts, nuts M6 9
M7 15
M8 20
M10 40
M12 65
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 19


Assembly Mountings Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Mounting to body (always replace) 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Mounting/bracket to body (always replace) 60 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Support to mounting at body (always replace) 20 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Transmission assembly mount to body (always replace) 60 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Transmission assembly mounting/bracket to body 40 plus an
(always replace) additional 90
( turn)
Pendulum support mounting to body (always replace) 100 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Pendulum support mounting/bracket to body (always 40 plus an
replace) additional 90
( turn)

Subframe to Body Tightening Torques

Component Nm
1 50
2 150
3 150
4 85

20 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Crankshaft/Cylinder Block 8-Cylinder
5V Engine 4.2L BFM
Assembly Attachments Mounting
Tightening Torques
Component Bolt Size Nm
Bolts/nuts M6 9
M8 20
M10 40
M12 65
Exceptions:
B+ wire to starter 16
Ground (GND) wire to starter 22
Right engine support to cylinder block 42
Engine mount to: Engine support 23
Engine plate 23
Hydraulic pressure line to power steering pump 47
Transmission mount to subframe 23
Heat shield for selector lever cable 22
Strap for left front exhaust pipe to transmission 25
Strap for left front exhaust pipe to front exhaust pipe 25
Heat shield to transmission 23
Fuel supply line to fuel rail 25
Ground (GND) wire to chassis 22
Torque support stop to lock carrier 40
Hose clamps for coolant hoses 2 Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 21


Engine to Transmission
Tightening Torques

Position Bolt Nm
1, 8, 11, 12 M12 x 62 65
2 M12 x 105 65
3 M12 x 55 45
4 M10 x 150 65 1)
5 M12 x 95 65
6, 7 M12 x 90 65
9 M12 x 67 65
10 M12 x 70 65
A Alignment bushing for centering
1)
Bolt class 10.9

Drive Chain for Timing Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Left drive sprocket to mounting bracket 5 plus an
additional 60
(16 turn) 1)
Right drive sprocket to cylinder block 30 plus an
additional 90
( turn) 1) 2)
Sealing plug in cylinder block 14 2)
1)
Replace bolts.
2)
Install with new gasket.

22 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Flywheel Drive Plate 4.2L BFM
Tightening Torque
Component Nm
Flywheel to crankshaft (replace bolts) 60 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

Crankshaft Assembly 4.2L BFM


Tightening Torques

Step Component Nm
1 Hand-tighten bolts A Hand-tight
2 Using a torque wrench, tighten nuts 1 35
through 10
3 Using a rigid wrench, tighten nuts 1 90 plus an
through 10 additional 90
( turn)
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

4 Using a torque wrench, tighten bolts A 22


5 Using a rigid wrench, tighten bolts A 90 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Note: Replace bolts A and nuts 1-10.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 23


Crankshaft Dimensions 4.2L BFM
Reconditioning dimension, Crankshaft bearing Connecting rod
dimensions in mm pins-diameter pins-diameter
Basic dimension 65.000 -0.022 54.000 -0.022
-0.042 -0.042
1st undersize 64.750 -0.022 53.750 -0.022
-0.042 -0.042
2nd undersize 64.500 -0.022 53.500 -0.022
-0.042 -0.042
3rd undersize 64.250 -0.022 53.250 -0.022
-0.042 -0.042

Identification of Top Crankshaft


Bearing Shells

The upper bearing shells are allocated to the cylinder


block with the correct thickness from the factory.
Colored spots serve to identify the bearing thicknesses.
The letters marked on the lower sealing surface of the
cylinder block identify which bearing thickness must
be installed in which location. If color markings can no
longer be read, use the blue bearing shell. The lower
crankshaft bearing shells are always shipped as
replacement part with yellow color marking.
Letter on cylinder block Color of bearing
R Red
G Yellow
B Blue

24 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Piston and Connecting Rod 4.2L BFM
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Connecting rod bearing cap to connecting rod bolts 30 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Pressure relief valve to oil spray jet 10

Piston Ring End Gaps 4.2L BFM


Piston ring dimensions in mm New Wear limit
1st compression ring 0.15 to 0.35 0.8
2nd compression ring 0.20 to 0.40 0.8
Oil scraping ring 0.20 to 0.40 0.8

Piston Ring Clearance 4.2L BFM


Piston ring dimensions in mm New Wear limit
1st compression ring 0.040 to 0.070 0.20
2nd compression ring 0.010 to 0.045 0.15
Oil scraping ring 0.012 to 0.032 0.15

Piston and Cylinder Dimensions 4.2L BFM


Cylinder bore diameter mm Piston
diameter mm
Basic dimension 84.510 84.490 1)
Repair stage 84.610 84.590 1)
1)
Measurement with graphite coating (thickness = 0.01 mm). The graphite coating
wears off. Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 25


Crankshaft/Cylinder Block 12-Cylinder
4V Engine 6.0L BSB
Assembly Attachments Mounting
Tightening Torques
Component Bolt size Nm
Bolts/nuts M6 9
M8 20
M10 40

M12 65
Exceptions:
Drive plate to torque converter M10 x 1 85
Engine mount to engine carrier 23
Transmission mount to subframe 23
Clamp B+ to starter 16
Ground (GND) wire to starter 20
Coolant pipe to engine carrier 10
Coolant connection to engine oil cooler 10
Engine support to engine 40
Engine carrier to longitudinal member 68
Heat shield for driveshaft to transmission 23
Tunnel crossmember to body 40
Ground (GND) strap to longitudinal member 20
Battery cable to fuse holder 20
Combination valve for Secondary Air Injection (AIR) 10
system to cylinder head
Hydraulic pressure line to power steering pump 47
Bracket for torque support to mount for torque support 40
Hose clamps 9 mm wide 3
Hose clamps 13 mm wide 5.5

26 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Engine to Transmission
Tightening Torques

Position Bolt Nm
1, 8, 11, 12 M12 x 62 65
2 M12 x 105 65
3 M12 x 55 45
4 M10 x 150 65
5 M12 x 95 65
6, 7 M12 x 90 65
9 M12 x 67 65
10 M12 x 70 65
A Alignment bushing for centering

Drive Chain for Timing Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Mounting pin for tensioning rail cylinder bank 1 to 25
cylinder block
Mounting pin for tensioning rail cylinder bank 2 to 42
cylinder head
Guide piece to tensioning rail cylinder bank 2 20
Chain tensioner cylinder bank 2 to cylinder head 9
Sealing plug in bearing bracket 30
Drive chain tensioner to cylinder block 9
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Camshaft drive chain sprocket to intermediate shaft 60 plus an


additional 90
( turn) 1)
Vibration damper to crankshaft 100 plus an
additional 90
( turn) 1)
1)
Replace bolt.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 27


Flywheel Drive Plate Tightening Torque
Component Nm
Flywheel to crankshaft 60 plus an
additional 90
( turn) 1)
1)
Replace bolts.

Cylinder Head 4.2L Engine BFM


Cylinder Head Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Cylinder head cover bolt 11
Camshaft double bearing cap 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Camshaft single bearing cap 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Left and right cover for timing chain on engine 10
Shaft for roller rocker lever, intake and exhaust side 10
Camshaft adjustment valve to cylinder block bolt 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Timing chain tensioner to cylinder head 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Idler roller to cylinder head 22
Cylinder head bolt 60 plus an
additional180
( turn) or 2 X
90 ( turn)
Oil dipstick guide tube to cylinder head 10
Coolant pipe to cylinder head 10

28 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Cylinder Head Removal Sequence

Follow sequence 12 through 1 to remove


cylinder head cover bolts.

Follow sequence 1 through 10 when


loosening cylinder head bolts.
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 29


Cylinder Head Tightening Sequence

Step Component Nm
1 Bolts 1-10 Using torque wrench, tighten to 30
2 Using torque wrench, tighten to 60
3 With Torx key, plus an additional 90 ( turn)
4 With Torx key, plus an additional 90 ( turn)

Cylinder Head Cover


Tightening Sequence

Follow sequence 1 through 12


to tighten cylinder head cover.

Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Cylinder head cover to cylinder head 10
Fuel distributor to intake manifold 10
Toothed belt guard to cylinder head cover 10

30 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Upper Intake Manifold Tightening Torques

Tighten intake manifold bolts


in stages and
in sequence as shown.
Component Nm
Locking bolt to cylinder head 0.6
Intake manifold to cylinder head 11
Engine lifting eye to cylinder head 22
Fuel rail to intake manifold 10

Secondary Air Injection Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Combination valve to connection flange 10
Connecting tube to combination valve 10
Crankcase ventilation tube to cylinder head 10

Compression Pressures
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

New bar Wear limit bar Difference between


positive pressure positive pressure cylinders bar
positive pressure
10.0 to 13.0 7.0 max. 3.0

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 31


Cylinder Head 6.0L Engine BSB
Cylinder Head Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Cylinder head cover bolt 8
Left and right cover for timing chain on engine 10
Fuel rail 9
Crankcase ventilation pipe 10
Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor, G301,G163,G40,G300 9
Combination valve for Secondary Air Injection (AIR) 10
system
Lifting eye 23
Control housing for camshaft adjustment to cylinder head 9
Pivot pin 15

Cylinder Head Removal Sequence

Follow sequence 1 through 20 when loosening


right cylinder head bolts.

Follow sequence 1 through 21 when loosening


left cylinder head bolts.
32 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010
Cylinder Head Tightening Sequence

Right Bank

Left Bank
Step Component Nm
1 Bolts Using torque wrench, tighten to 30
2 1 through 20 Using torque wrench, tighten to 50
3 and With Torx key, plus an additional 90 ( turn)
20 through 21
4 With Torx key, plus an additional 90 ( turn)
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 33


Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Sequence

Follow sequence 1 through 12


to tighten the cylinder head cover.

Cylinder Head Cover Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Cylinder head cover to cylinder head 8

34 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Intake Manifold Removal and Installation
Tightening Torques
Lower Manifold

Component Nm
Intake manifold lower part to cylinder heads 9 1)
Fuel rail to cylinder heads 9 1)
1)
Fasten diagonally in steps.
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 35


Upper Manifold

Component Nm
Intake manifold upper part to intake manifold lower part 7 plus an
additional 180
( turn)
Line to intake manifold upper part 9
Intake manifold side part to intake manifold upper part 22
Note: Observe different bolt lengths.

Secondary Air Injection Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Combination valve for Secondary Air Injection (AIR) 10
system to cylinder head
Secondary Air Injection (AIR) pump to bracket 10

Compression Pressures
New bar Wear limit bar Difference between
positive pressure positive pressure cylinders bar
positive pressure
11.0 to 13.0 10.0 max. 3.0

36 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Valvetrain 4.2L Engine BFM
Valvetrain Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Bearing bracket bolts 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Camshaft bolt 55
Camshaft adjuster 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

Valve Dimensions

Do not reface intake and exhaust valves by grinding.


Only lapping is permitted.
Dimension Intake valve Exhaust valve
dia. a mm 26.8 to 27.0 26.8 to 27.0
dia. b mm 5.956 to 5.970 5.936 to 5.950
c mm 96.4 to 96.6 95.3 to 95.5
45 45
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 37


Camshaft Tightening Sequence

Camshaft Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Bearing cap to cylinder head 5 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

Valvetrain 6.0L Engine BSB


Valvetrain Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Bearing cap to cylinder head nuts 5 plus an
additional 45
(18 turn)
Camshaft bolt 60 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Mounting pin for tensioning rail cylinder bank 1 to 25
cylinder block
Mounting pin for tensioning rail cylinder bank 2 to 42
cylinder head
Guide piece to tensioning rail cylinder bank 2 20
Chain tensioner cylinder bank 2 to cylinder head 9
Sealing plug in bearing bracket 30

38 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Valve Dimensions

Do not reface intake and exhaust valves by grinding.


Only lapping is permitted.
Dimension Short intake Long intake Short Long
valve valve exhaust exhaust
valve valve
dia. a mm 31.00 31.00 27.00 27.00
dia. b mm 5.96 5.96 5.94 5.94
c mm 102.20 136.10 102.50 136.40
45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00

Camshaft Tightening Sequence


Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Camshaft Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Bearing cap to cylinder head 5 plus an
additional 45
(18 turn)

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 39


Engine Lubrication 4.2L BFM
Lubrication System Components
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Lower part of oil pan to upper part of oil pan 9
Oil drain plug 25
Front lower coolant pipe to upper part of oil pan 9
Lower left coolant pipe to upper part of oil pan 9

Oil Filter Bracket Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Oil filter bracket bolts 22
Oil filter housing to oil filter element 25
Oil cooler bracket to oil filter bracket bolts 25
Intake line to oil pump 9

Engine Lubrication 6.0L BSB


Lubrication System Components
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Lower part of oil pan to upper part of oil pan 9
Oil pan upper part to engine block 45
Oil drain plug 30
Oil pump drive chain tensioner M6 9
M8 20
Suction line 9
Oil pump 20
Oil level sensor 10

Oil Filter Bracket Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Oil filter bracket bolts 22
Oil filter housing to oil filter element 25
Oil cooler hose connections 10
Intake line to oil pump 9
Oil pressure sensor 25

40 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Engine Cooling
Cooling System Components (on Engine)
4.2L BFM Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Coolant pump to cylinder block bolt 14
Upper idler pulley for ribbed belt to torque support 10
bracket
Coolant line to heater core of heater, bottom bolts 9
Coolant thermostat housing to cylinder block bolt 14

Cooling System Components (on Engine)


6.0L BSB Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Coolant pipe to engine M6 10
M8 20
Oil dip stick guide tube to cylinder head 10
Engine mount to engine carrier 23
Engine carrier to longitudinal member 68
Lower coolant pipe to engine carrier 10
Bracket for sound insulation to subframe 10
Upper right coolant pipe to cylinder head 20
Middle right coolant pipe to cylinder head 10
Coolant pump to cylinder block 10
Belt pulley to coolant pump 8
Lower right coolant pipe to cylinder head 10
Lower right coolant pipe to engine support 10
Coolant thermostat housing to cylinder block 8
Coolant pipe to coolant thermostat housing 8

Cooling System Components (on Body)


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Expansion tank bolt 3
Radiator bracket to radiator bolt 5
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Air shroud nut 5


Air shroud to radiator bolts 5
Coolant fan to intake air elbow 5
Intake air elbow to radiator 5
Radiator mounting to lock carrier 5
Condenser to radiator 5

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 41


Recommended Coolant Mixture Ratios
Frost protection Anti-freeze G 12 Water
to quantity
-25C 40% 3.6L 5.4L
-35C 50% 4.5L 4.5L

Fuel Storage and Supply


Fuel Pump Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Vacuum line bolts 10
Fuel tank bolt 22
Fuel delivery unit locking ring 120

Fuel Tank Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Mounting straps and carrier plate for fuel tank to body 22
Locking ring for fuel delivery unit 120
Lock ring for fuel delivery unit and locking flange of Fuel 120
Level Sensor 2 G169
Fuel filler tube to body 22
Retaining clamp for fuel filter 1.2

Accelerator Pedal Module Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Accelerator Pedal Module to body bolt 10

EVAP Canister System Tightening Torques


Component Nm
EVAP canister cover 9
Air filter housing bolt 3
Leak Detection Pump (LDP) V144 bracket to LDP V144 2
bolt
Leak Detection Pump (LDP) V144 bracket to LDP V144 6
nut
Bracket for leak detection pump to wheel housing 8

Engine Cover/Air Filter Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor G70 to upper section of air 2.5
filter/engine cover bolt
Air filter housing halves bolts 2.5

42 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Fuel Injection 4.2L BFM
Fuel Injection System Data
Engine code 4.2L/5V/246 kW/335 bhp
Idling speed 640 to 720 RPM
Not adjustable - controlled by idling
speed stabilization
Engine speed limitation by closing 6600 RPM
throttle
Fuel pressure at Vacuum hose Approximately 3.5 bar
idling speed connected
Vacuum hose Approximately 4.0 bar
disconnected
Holding pressure after 10 minutes at least 2.5 bar
Injectors Spray pattern Multi-hole nozzle (same on all
injectors)
Injection quantity BFM: 105 to 125 ml
(30 seconds)
Resistance 13 to 16
(room temperature at
20C)

Fuel Injection 6.0L BSB


Fuel Injection System Data
Engine code 6.0L/4V/331 kW/450 hp
Idle speed - cannot be adjusted, 520 to 770 RPM
regulated by idle stabilization
Engine speed (RPM) limitation by closing 6200 RPM
throttle plate
Fuel pressure at Vacuum hose Approximately 3.5 bar positive
idle RPM connected pressure
Vacuum Approximately 4.0 bar positive
hosedisconnected pressure
Residual pressure after 10 minutes Minimum 2.5 bar pressure
Fuel injector Spray pattern Multi-hole nozzle / same for all
fuel injectors
Engine Mech., Fuel
Injection & Ignition

Fuel injection quantity 121 to 131 ml


(30 seconds)
Resistance 13 to 16
(room temperature at
20C) 1)
1)
With an engine at operating temperature, resistance of fuel injectors increases by
approximately 4 to 6.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 43


Air Filter Assembly
Air Filter Assembly 4.2L BFM
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor G70 with Intake Air 1.5
Temperature (IAT) sensor G42 bolt
Lower section of air filter bolts 1.5

Ignition System 4.2L BFM


Spark Plug Data
Engine data 4.2L/5V/257 kW-Motor
Ignition timing Not adjustable, regulated by control module
Ignition system Single coil ignition system with 8 ignition coils (output
stages integrated) that are connected directly to spark
plugs via ignition cables.
Spark plugs See parts catalog
Removing and Torque specification 30 Nm
installing
Ignition 1-5-4-8-6-3-7-2
sequence

Ignition System 6.0L BSB


Spark Plug Data
Engine code 6.0L/4V/331 kW/450 hp
The ignition timing is controlled by the control modules. Adjusting the
ignition timing is not possible.
Ignition system Single coil ignition system with 12
ignition coils (ignition coils and power
output stages as one component) that
are connected directly to spark plugs
via the ignition cables. To access the
ignition coils (spark plugs), remove the
intake manifold side parts.
Spark plugs Part See ETKA (electronic parts catalog)
number and
manufacturer
code
Torque 30 Nm
specifications
Ignition sequence 1-12-5-8-3-10-6-7-2-11-4-9

44 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Automatic Transmission
General, Technical Data

Transmission
Automatic
09L Transmission Specifications
Automatic transmission 09L.A
Transmission Code letters HKM
Month of production from to 05.06
Torque converter Code letters N93
Application Model Audi A8 2004

Engine 4.2L V8 FSI 254
kW
Primary drive 26:28 = 0.929
Front axle helical gear 31:29 = 1.069
Front axle bevel gear 30:9 = 3.333
Complete front axle ratio = primary drive x helical gear 3.309
drive x bevel gear drive
Rear axle bevel gear 32:9 = 3.556
Complete rear axle ratio 3.302

09L Planetary Gear and Final Drive Capacities


Capacities Planetary gearbox Automatic
transmission
Initial filling 9.8L 09L
Change interval No changing. Lifetime filling: change only after repair,
approximately 8 liters if oil pan has been removed
Lubricant ATF (Shell ATF M-1375.4)
Capacities Front final drive Automatic
transmission
Initial filling 1.1L 09L
Change interval No change required. Lifetime filling: change only after
repairs, up to 1.1 liters if differential cover has been
removed
Lubricant Gear oil SAE 75 W 90 (synthetic oil)
Capacities Transfer gear Automatic
transmission
Initial filling 0.55L 09L
Change interval No change required. Lifetime filling: change only after
repairs, up to 0.55 liters if Torsen differential cover has
been removed.
Lubricant Gear oil SAE 75 W 90 (synthetic oil)

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 45


Automatic Transmission Controls 09L
09L Selector Mechanism Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Selector lever and selector mechanism bolt with spring 3.5
Shift housing nuts 10
Selector lever and selector mechanism hex bolt with 8
washer
Selector lever cable adjustment bolt 15

09L Selector Shaft Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Selector shaft lever to transmission 20

09L Mechatronic Unit


Tightening Sequence

Tighten bolts 1 and 2 for the mechatronic unit to 2 Nm.


Tighten bolts 3 through 11 in sequence to 8 Nm.
Component Nm
Mechatronic unit to transmission bolts 8
Transmission fluid pump cover to transmission, replace 8
bolts

46 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


09L Oil Pan Tightening Torque

Transmission
Automatic
Component Nm
Oil pan to transmission housing 16

09L Drain Plug and Filter housing


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Oil drain plug, M24 12
Oil filter housing 20

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 47


Automatic Transmission Installing 09L
09L Transmission to Engine
Tightening Torques

Item Bolt Nm
1 M10 x 40 45
2 M10 x 135 1) 65
3 M12 x 105 65
4, 5 M12 x 100 65
6, 8, 9, 10, 11 M12 x 75 65
7 M12 x 155 65
Drive plate to torque converter 851)
A Alignment sleeves for centering
1)
Bolt strength rating 10.9

Component Nm
Bracket for exhaust pipe lug 23
Heat shields above drive axles to transmission 23
Heat shield for drive shaft to transmission cover 25
Bracket for noise insulation to subframe 10
Support bracket to transmission 10
Torque converter to drive plate (always replace bolts) 85

09L Oil Cooler Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Oil cooler bolts (replace bolts) 20 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

48 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


09L Oil Pump Tightening Torques
Step Component Nm

Transmission
1 Oil pump bolts (all four) 5 plus an

Automatic
additional 90
( turn)
2 Oil pump countersunk bolt 8
3 Oil pump remaining 3 bolts 8 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
4 Oil pump cover (tighten diagonally) 8

09L Transmission Mount


Tightening Torques

Component Nm
Transmission mount to body (replace bolts) 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Transmission mount to transmission support (replace 60 plus an
bolts) additional 90
( turn)

09L Transmission ATF Lines


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
ATF line bolts 20
ATF line nut 9

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 49


09L External ATF Cooler Tightening Torques
Component Nm
External ATF cooler bracket bolt 8
External ATF cooler nuts 9
External ATF cooler bolts 9
External ATF return line bracket nut 9
Oil filling adapter hole sealing bolt 15

09L ATF Lines Tightening Torques


Component Nm
ATF return line from the auxiliary cooler 25
ATF supply line to the auxiliary cooler 25
Nut 9

09L Auxiliary ATF Cooler Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Auxiliary ATF cooler bolts 5
Return line bracket to auxiliary ATF cooler bolt 9
ATF supply line to transmission bolt 5
ATF return line to transmission bolt 9

09L Valve Body Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Transmission input speed (RPM) sensor G195 bolt 6
Transmission output speed (RPM) sensor G182 bolt 7
Wiring harness with 8-pin connector bolt 6
ATF drain plug 40
Shift lever nut 10
Valve body bolts 8 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Oil filter to valve body bolts 11
Wiring harness with 14-pin connector bolt 6
Overflow tube 2
ATF check plug 27
Oil pan bolts 7

50 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Suspension, Wheels, Brakes,
Steering
Front Suspension
Front Axle Curb Weight Data

Suspension, Wheels,
Brakes, Steering
Before starting work, use a tape measure and measure
dimension a from wheel center to lower edge of wheel housing.
Take this measurement with suspension in curb weight position
(vehicle unladen).
Suspension type Front axle Rear axle Additional
information
A8 Standard suspension 416 5 mm 398 mm without load
PR Nr.: 1BK fuel tank full
A8 Sport suspension 396 5 mm 378 mm without load
PR Nr.: 2MA fuel tank full

Subframe Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To body 110 plus an additional
90 ( turn)
To console 70 plus an additional 90
( turn)
Console to body 70 plus an additional 90
( turn)
Left Front Level Control System Sensor G78 to 9
console
Shielding plate 1
Tunnel crossmember 115 plus an additional
90 ( turn)

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 51


Control Arm Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Lower track control link to subframe (front and rear, 70 plus an
lower) additional 180
( turn)
Upper front and rear link to mounting bracket 50 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To ball joint 110
Mounting bracket to body 75
Upper link to tie rod 110
Left front level control system sensor G78 9

Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To subframe 25
Hex bolt 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Connecting link 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

Pendulum Support Tightening Torques


Component Thread Nm
To subframe M14 x 1.5 x 70 100 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To transmission M10 x 35 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
M10 x 75 40 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

Suspension Strut Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To body 75
To wheel bearing housing 90
Strut mounting to piston rod 50

52 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Drive Axle Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To wheel hub with wheel bearing 200 plus an
additional 180
( turn)
To wheel hub with wheel bearing 115 plus an
additional 180
( turn)
To transmission flange, first to 10 Nm, then in diagonal 40
sequence to: 70

Suspension, Wheels,
Brakes, Steering
Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Wheel hub with wheel bearing to 80 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
Ball joint 110
Shielding plate 10
Front speed sensor 8
Tie rod end 7
Tie rod end pinch bolt 45

Rear Suspension Front Wheel Drive


Subframe Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To lower transverse link, rear bolt 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To lower transverse link, front bolt 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To upper transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To body 110 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To tie rod 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To rear crossmember 55
To final drive 40

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 53


Left Rear Level Control System Sensor G76
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To subframe 5
To lower transverse link 10

Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To lower transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To upper transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To tie rod 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To wheel hub with wheel bearing 80 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To shielding plate 25
To speed sensor 10

Lower Transverse Link Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Stone impact protection on transverse link 25

Shock Absorbers Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To wheel bearing housing 150 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To shock absorber mount 25
To body 36

Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To subframe 25
To coupling rod 45
Coupling rod to wheel bearing housing 25

54 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Drive Axle Tightening Torques
Component Bolt Size Nm
To final drive M8 40
M10 65
To wheel hub 200 plus an
additional 180
( turn)

Rear Suspension All Wheel Drive

Suspension, Wheels,
Brakes, Steering
Subframe Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To lower transverse link, rear bolt 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To lower transverse link, front bolt 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To upper transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To body 110 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To tie rod 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To rear crossmember 55
To final drive 40

Left Rear Level Control System Sensor G76


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To subframe 5
To lower transverse link 10

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 55


Wheel Bearing Housing Tightening Torques
Component Nm
To lower transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To upper transverse link 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To tie rod 85 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To wheel hub with wheel bearing 80 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To shielding plate 25
To speed sensor 10

Lower Transverse Link Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Stone impact protection on transverse link 25

Shock Absorbers Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To wheel bearing housing 150 plus an
additional 90
( turn)
To shock absorber mount 25
To body 36

Stabilizer Bar Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To subframe 25
To coupling rod 45
Coupling rod to wheel bearing housing 25

Drive Axle Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To final drive M 8 bolt 40
M10 bolt 65
To wheel hub 200 plus an
additional 180
( turn)

56 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Wheels, Tires, Wheel Alignment
Wheel Bolts Tightening Torques
Model/type Nm
Audi models except RS 2 and RS 4 (type 8D) 120
RS 2 130
RS 4 (type 8D) 140
RS 4 (type 8E) 120
Q7 160
PAX wheels 140

Suspension, Wheels,
A 6 (security) 140

Brakes, Steering
A 8 (security) 140

Tire Pressure Sensor Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Union nut to tire pressure sensor 8

Wheel Alignment Data


Front axle Standard Sport
suspension 1BK suspension 2MA
Camber - 1 25 - 1 15 + 25
Maximum permissible difference 30 30
between sides
Toe per wheel (setting value in + 8 4 + 8 4
initial position)
Toe per wheel (control value in + 8 4 + 8 4
initial position)
Toe constant per wheel (setting - 5 6 - 5 6
value)
Toe constant per wheel (control - 5 6 - 5 6
value)
Toe-out angle at 20 degrees 1 6 30 1 6 30
Rear axle Standard Sport
suspension 1BK suspension 2MA
Camber - 1 15 20 - 1 15 20
Maximum permissible difference 20 20
between sides
Toe per wheel + 12 +5 + 12 +5
Maximum permissible deviation 10 10
from longitudinal axis of vehicle

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 57


Brake System
Brake Master Cylinder and Brake Booster
Technical Data
Master brake cylinder Diameter mm 26.99
Brake booster, pneumatic Diameter inches 8 + 9 Tandem
Assist factor 7

Front Wheel Brakes Technical Data


Front brakes
Brake caliper FNR FNR FNR 42 FNR 42 FNR 42
G60 G60 AL (17) AL (17) AL (18)
(16) (16)
Production- 1LG 1LG 1LL 1LM 1LJ
relevant no.
(PR. no.)
Brake disc dia. mm 321 323 360 360 385
ventilated
Brake disc, mm 30 30 34 34 36
thickness
Brake disc, mm 28 28 31 31 33
wear limit
Brake caliper, dia. mm 60 60 2 x 42 2 x 42 2 x 42
piston
Brake pad mm 20.3 20.3 20.43 20.43 20.43
thickness
Brake pad, mm 4 4 4 4 4
wear limit
Ceramic front brakes CISC
Brake caliper Brembo M6 Al
Production-relevant no. 1LW
(PR. no.)
Brake disc ventilated dia. 385 mm
Brake disc, thickness 36 mm
Brake disc, wear limit The minimum measurement and minimum
weight of the brake disc is stamped on the
brake disc socket as the wear limit.
Brake caliper, 6 piston every 2 x 32/ 36/ 38 mm
monoblock
Brake pad thickness 20.4 mm
Minimum pad thickness with 9.5 mm
backing plate and dampening
sheet

58 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Rear Brakes (Disc Brakes) Technical Data
Rear brakes
Production-relevant no. 1KE 1KW 1KY 1KZ
(PR. no.) (16) (17) (18) (18)
Brake disc, ventilated Diameter 280 310 335 335
mm
Brake disc, thickness mm 22 22 22 22
Brake disc, wear limit mm 20 20 20 20
Brake caliper, piston Diameter 43 43 43 43
mm

Suspension, Wheels,
Brake pad thickness mm 17.45 17.45 17.45 17.45

Brakes, Steering
Brake pad, wear limit mm 3 3 3 3
Ceramic - rear brakes
Brake caliper Pagid P40- 3V
Production-relevant no. 1KU
(PR. no.)
Brake disc ventilated Diameter 356 mm
Brake disc, thickness 28 mm
Brake disc, wear limit The minimum measurement and minimum
weight of the brake disc is stamped on the brake
disc socket as the wear limit.
Brake caliper, 1 piston Diameter 45 mm
Brake pad thickness 16.5 mm
Remaining pad strength 9.0 mm
with backing plate and
dampening sheet

Hydraulic Unit, Brake Booster/Brake Master


Cylinder Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Bosch 8.0 Tightening Torques
Component Nm
ABS control module bolts 5.5
ABS hydraulic unit bracket hex bolts 8
Dual brake master cylinder hex nuts (always replace) 25
Brake lines to hydraulic unit M10 12
(brake line diameter 5 mm)
Brake lines to hydraulic unit M12 12
(brake line diameter 5 mm)
Brake lines to hydraulic unit M12 16
(brake line diameter 8 mm)

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 59


ESP Sensor Unit G200 Tightening Torque
Component Nm
Securing nuts 10

Parking Brake Lever Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Parking brake lever hex nuts 25

Brake Pedal Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Mounting bracket bolt 25
Combination bolt 20

Hydraulic Components Brake Hoses


and Brake Lines Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Brake caliper FN3
Brake caliper to brake carrier 30
Brake carrier to wheel bearing housing 190
Brake caliper FNR-G60
Brake caliper to brake carrier 30
Brake carrier to wheel bearing housing 196
Bleeder valve to brake caliper 10
Bleeder valve to brake caliper FNR-G60 15
Hydraulic unit with bracket to longitudinal member 10
(Bosch 8.0)
ABS sensors to wheel bearing housing 10
Splash plates to wheel bearing housing 10
Rear brake caliper EMP
Brake hose to brake caliper (banjo union with banjo bolt) 38
Brake caliper to brake carrier 35
Brake carrier to wheel bearing housing 140

60 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Hydraulic Unit, Brake Booster/
Brake Master Cylinder Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Pedal assembly self-locking hex nuts 25
Brake light switch F (includes brake pedal switch F47) 5
inner Torx bolt
Heat shield self-locking hex nuts 25
Master brake cylinder/secondary piston circuit to 14
hydraulic unit brake line

Suspension, Wheels,
Brakes, Steering
Master brake cylinder/primary piston circuit to hydraulic 14
control unit brake line

Brake system vacuum pump V192 to bracket 9


Bracket to automatic transmission 25
Torx bolt to brake master cylinder 5
Master brake cylinder at brake booster 25
Brake lines to main brake cylinder 14
Brake booster to foot pedal assembly/cross panel 25

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 61


Steering
Steering Column Tightening Torques
Component Nm
At bracket 22
Bracket to body 20
Frequency damper to bracket 20
Frequency damper to body 20
Universal joint to steering gear 30
To handle 3
To steering wheel 50

Steering Gear Tightening Torques


Component Nm
To subframe from bottom 68
To subframe from top 110
To shielding plate 2
Banjo bolt with non-return valve 35
Return hose connection 40
Banjo bolt return hose 47

62 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Body
Air Gap Body Dimensions

Component mm
A 4.5 1.0
B 5.0 1.0
C 4.5 1.0
D 3 0.5

Body
E 3 0.5

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 63


Component mm
A 3.5 0.5
B 4.5 0.5
C 3.5 0.5
D 0 1.0

64 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Body Exterior
Lock Carrier Service Position
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Lock carrier bolts, upper 10
Lock carrier bolts, lower 50
Torque arm mounting on lock carrier 40

Front Fender Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Front fender bolts 15
Fender inner liner 1.5

Underbody Trim Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Underbody cover hex nuts 2
Rear underbody bolts 2

Plenum Chamber Bulkhead Tightening Torque


Component Nm

Body
Plenum chamber bolt 1.5

Front Hood Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Hood hex nut 21
Gas filled strut ball studs 14
Hood hinge bolts 21
Hood catch bolts 14
Hood lock bolts 14

Rear Lid Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Rear lid bolts 21
Gas filled strut ball studs 21
Rear lid hinge hex head nut 21
Rear lid latch bracket bolts 21
Rear lid lock bolts 21

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 65


Front and Rear Door Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Door upper hinge locking screw 25
Door bottom hinge bolt 32
Door lock to inner door part bolt 20
Side impact protection bolts 20
Side impact protection nuts 20

Sunroof Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Spring glider bolts 2
Electrical drive motor bolts 3.5
Slotted guide rail Torx bolts 5
Installation unit bolts 8

Front Bumper Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Bumper cover bolts (1 per side) 2
Bumper cover bolts (4 per side) 2
Bumper cover bolts (2 in front) 4
Bumper cover bolts (6 in front) 2
Bumper cover bolts (2 on top) 4
Vent grille bolt 2
Left guide piece bolts 2
Crossmember bolts 8
Right guide piece bolts 2
Guide trim bolts 2
Bumper carrier bolts (4 per side) 60
Bumper carrier bolts (6 across top) 8
Lower part of spoiler bolts 2

Rear Bumper Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Rear bumper cover bolts (1 per side) 2
Rear bumper cover bolts (4 in front) 5
Rear bumper cover bolts (3 per back side) 2
Rear bumper cover bolts (4 on top) 5
Securing strip hex nuts 2
Guide trim hex nuts 2
Crossmember bolts 20
Tow hitch bolts top 20
Tow hitch bolts side 50 plus an
additional 90
( turn)

66 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Front and Rear Door Window
Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Window regulator bolts 8
Window regulator motor bolts 5
Window guide trim bolts 2

Front Wheel Housing Liner Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Wheel housing liner bolts 1.5

Rear View Mirror Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Mirror base plate bolts 8
Assembly component bolts 1

Radiator Grille Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Radiator grille bolts 2

Strips and Trim Tightening Torques

Body
Component Nm
Sill panel extension bolts 2
Retaining strip to sill panel bolts 2

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 67


Body Interior
Storage Compartment Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Front center console bolts 2
Center console mounting bracket bolts 8
Storage compartment/ashtray unit bolts 4
Instrument panel center vent bolts 2
Center instrument panel trim bolts 0.6
Steering column trim bolts 0.6
Drivers side trim bolts 4.5
Sun visor bolts 4
Glove compartment bolts 1.5
Drivers side footwell cover bolts 2
Roof grab handle bolts 3.5

Passenger Protection Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Belt latch to seat 34
Front seat belt to window anchor rail bolt 55
Belt guide ring bolt 55
Belt anchor bolt 55
Front seat belt B-pillar bolt 55
Front seat belt height adjuster bolt 23
Belt latch bolt 34
Automatic belt retractor bolt 55
Rear center 3-point seatbelt belt latch hex nut 55
Rear center lap belt bolt 55
Rear double belt latch bolt 55
Airbag control module J234 nuts 7
Passenger side airbag unit bolts 9
Side airbag bolts 9
Side head curtain airbag cap nuts 9
Seat occupied recognition pressure sensor G452 and 1.5
similarly at seat occupied recognition control module
J706 bolts
Seat occupied recognition control module J706 bracket 2.5
bolts
Front door crash sensor bolts 2.5
Rear wheel housing crash sensor bolts 9

68 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Interior Trim Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Instrument panel bolts 3
Instrument panel above tunnel bolts 8
Instrument panel aligning bolts 2
Footwell trim bolts 2
Instrument panel below heating or A/C mechanism 9
(2 bolts)
Instrument panel tunnel area bolts 20
Instrument panel tunnel area nuts 18
Fuse holder bolts 2
Fuse holder nuts 18
Door trim handle molding area bolts 2
Door trim handle molding area (4 surrounding bolts) 2
Door mirror triangle cover bolt 2
Upper A-pillar and B-pillar trim airbag emblem bolt 4
B-pillar trim bolts 4
C-pillar trim nut 2
Side trim bolts 2
Rear lid trim handle recess bolts 2
Luggage compartment cover side storage compartment 2

Body
bolts
Luggage compartment side trim bolts 8
Molded headliner bolts 2

Seat Frames Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Front seat frame bolts 50
Seat trim bolts 2
Seat drawer mount bolts 3.5
Seat bracket and operation lever bolts 3.5
Front seat backrest bolts 20
Bucket seat pan bolts 35
Rear seat center backrest bolt 16
Rear seat center bracket 16
Rear seat belt buckle to floor bolt 30
Rear seat side upholstery bolt 16
Rear seat side upholstery nut 55
Rear seat storage unit with center armrest bolts 9

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 69


Heating and Air Conditioning
Refrigerant R134a Capacity
A/C compressor Manufacturer Total capacity (grams)
7SEU17C Denso 620 20
PXE16 Sanden 620 20
DSC17E Zexel 620 20

Refrigerant (PAG) Oil Identification


7SEU17C: Denso G 052 300 A2
PXE16: Sanden G 052 154 A2
DSC17E: Zexel G 052 200 A2

Refrigerant (PAG) Oil Capacities


Model Production Total capacity
(cm3)
1K0 820 803 K Sanden from 01.04 150 10
1K0 820 803 E Denso from 01.04 150 10
1K0 820 803 H Zexel from 01.04 150 10

Refrigerant Oil Distribution


Component Approximate % of total amount of
oil in component
A/C compressor 50
Condenser 10
Suction hose 10
Evaporator 20
Fluid reservoir 10

Refrigerant R134a Vapor Pressure Table


Temperature inC Pressure in bar (positive
pressure) of R134a
-45 -0.61

70 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Temperature inC Pressure in bar (positive
pressure) of R134a
-40 -0.49
-35 -0.34
-30 -0.16
-25 0.06
-20 0.32
-15 0.63
-10 1.00
-5 1.43
0 1.92
5 2.49
10 3.13
15 3.90
20 4.70
25 5.63
30 6.70
35 7.83
40 9.10
45 10.54
50 12.11
55 13.83
60 15.72
65 17.79
70 20.05
75 22.52
80 25.21
Air Conditioning
85 28.14
90 31.34
Heating &

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 71


Physical Data of Refrigerant R134a
Chemical formula CH2FCF3 or CF3CH2F
Chemical designation Tetrafluoroethane
Boiling point at 1 bar - 26.5C
Solidification point -101.6C
Critical temperature 100.6C
Critical pressure 40.56 bar (absolute)

72 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


A/C Refrigerant Pressure and Temperature
Refrigerant Circuit with Expansion Valve
Specifications

Air Conditioning
Heating &

A: Low pressure side of refrigerant circuit.


B: High pressure side of refrigerant circuit.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 73


Component Aggregate Pressure Temperature in C
state of (bar positive
refrigerant pressure)
1 - Evaporator, from Vapor Approximately Approximately -7C
input to output 1.2 bar
(Approximately (Approximately -1C)
1.8 bar)
2 - A/C compressor Gas Approximately Approximately -1C
A - side 1.2 bar
(Approximately (Approximately +
1.8 bar) 1C)
3 - A/C compressor Gas Approximately Approximately + 65C
B - side 14 bar
4 - Condenser Gas, vapor, Approximately Approximately + 55C
fluid 14 bar at outlet
5 - Receiver Fluid Approximately Approximately + 55C
14 bar
6 - Charging and Fluid Approximately Approximately + 55C
evacuating valve 14 bar
B - side
7 - Expansion valve Fluid, Approximately Approximately + 55C,
released as 14 bar reduced to -7C
vapor
8 - Charging and Gas Approximately Approximately -7C
evacuating valve 1.2 bar
A - side (Approximately (Approximately -1C)
1.8 bar)

74 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


A/C Refrigerant Pressure and Temperature
Refrigerant Circuit with Restrictor
and Reservoir Specifications

Air Conditioning
Heating &

A: Low-pressure side of refrigerant circuit.


B: High-pressure side of refrigerant circuit.

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 75


Component Aggregate Pressure Temperature in C
state of (bar positive
refrigerant pressure)
1 - A/C compressor Gas up to 20 bar up to + 70C
B - side
2 - Condenser From gas up to 20 bar up to + 70C
to vapor to
fluid
3 - Restrictor From fluid B-side up to B-side up to + 60C,
to vapor 20 bar, A-side A-side warmer than
greater than - 4C
1.5 bar
4 - Evaporator From vapor Greater than Warmer than - 4C
to gas 1.5 bar
5 - Reservoir Gas
6 - A/C compressor Gas
A - side

Heating and Ventilation System


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Fresh air blower V2 bolt 1
Coolant pipe clamps 2.5
Connecting flange between heater core connections 2
Auxiliary heater heating element Z35 voltage supply and 6
ground connection mounting nut
Heating and ventilation unit cable bracket bolts 5
Assembly carrier bracket bolts 8
Heating and ventilation unit bracket bolts 10

A/C System Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Shielding plate nut 6
Refrigerant lines to engine compartment bolts 12
Heating and A/C unit cable bracket bolts 5
Assembly carrier bracket bolts 8
Heating and A/C unit bracket bolts 10
Heating and A/C controls to center console bolts 2
Climatronic control module J255 with A/C control head 2
E87 to center instrument control panel bolts
A/C compressor and bracket gasoline engine multi- 25
point socket head bolt M8 x 60

76 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


A/C Refrigerant System Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Coolant line bracket hex nuts 20
Fluid reservoir with dryer bolts 8
Refrigerant lines to A/C compressor bolts 25
A/C compressor hex bolts 25
Shielding plate nut 6
Restrictor threaded connection 15
Condenser bracket bolt 5
Radiator bolts 5

Air Conditioning
Heating &

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 77


Electrical Equipment
Battery Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Battery post terminals nuts 7.5
Battery post terminals and additional terminal nuts 7.5
Battery hold-down bracket bolt 12

Generator Tightening Torques


Component Nm
B+-wire to generator nut 16
Harness retainer to generator 3
Voltage regulator to generator screw 2
Protective cap to generator 5
Ribbed belt pulley with freewheel to generator nut 80
Ribbed belt pulley without freewheel to generator nut 65

Generator 4.2L Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Generator to mounting bracket bolt 22
Tensioner to mounting bracket bolt 23
Mounting bracket to engine block bolt 45

Starter Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Starter to automatic or manual transmission bolt 65
Starter to DSG transmission bolt 60
Ground (GND) wire to starter bolt 15
Harness retainer to starter bolt 15
Starter terminal 30 nut 16
Air filter housing to body 10
GND wire to automatic transmission housing 15

Wiper and Washer Systems Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Wiper motor to wiper frame bolts 9
Motor crank to wiper motor shaft nut 17
Wiper assembly to body bolts 8
Front wiper arm to wiper axle nuts 15
Washer fluid reservoir to body bolts 7
Filler neck for washer fluid reservoir to body 7
Headlamp washer to front bumper cover bolts 2.5

78 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


Headlamp Tightening Torques
Component Nm
Headlamp to lock carrier 8
Spacer to impact member 6

Fog Lamp Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Fog lamp screws 1.5

Rear Lights in Rear Fender Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Rear light housing nuts 3.5

Rear Lights in Rear Lid Tightening Torque


Component Nm
Rear light housing nuts 3.5

Vehicle Level Sensors Tightening Torques


Component Nm
Left front level control system sensor G78 bolts 9
Left rear level control system sensor G76 bolts 5

E-Box in Engine Compartment


Tightening Torques
Component Nm
E-Box nuts 4
E-Box nuts 6
E-Box central screw on bracket 9
Equipment
Electrical

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 79


DTC CHART
DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P000A Intake (A) Camshaft Position Difference between target and
Slow Response Bank 1 actual > 8 CRK and adjustment
angle > 2.5 CRK
P0010 Intake (A) Camshaft Position Signal voltage > 4.4 - 5.6 V
Actuator Circuit/Open
(Bank 1)
P0011 Intake (A) Camshaft Position Difference between target and
Timing - Over-Advanced actual > 8 CRK and adjustment
(Bank 1) angle < 2.5 CRK
P0016 Crankshaft Position Permissible deviation
Camshaft Position Correlation < -11 CRK
OR
Permissible deviation
> 11 CRK
P025A Fuel Pump Signal voltage > 4.4 - 5.6 V
P025C Fuel Pump Signal voltage< 2.15 - 3.25 V
P025D Fuel Pump Signal current > 1.1 A
P0030 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater voltage 2.34 - 3.59 V
(Bank 1, Sensor 1)
P0031 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater voltage < 2.34 V
Low (Bank 1, Sensor 1)
P0032 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater voltage > 3.59 V
High (Bank 1, Sensor 1)
P0036 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater voltage 4.50 - 5.50 V
(Bank 1, Sensor 2)
P0037 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater voltage < 3.00 V
Low (Bank 1, Sensor 2)
P0038 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Heater current > 2.70 - 5.50 A
High (Bank 1, Sensor 2)
P0068 MAP/MAF Throttle Position Plausibility with fuel system
Correlation Load calculation < -22%
Plausibility with fuel system
Load calculation > 22%
P0070 Ambient Air Temperature Ambient air temperature
Sensor Circuit < -50C

80 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0071 Ambient Air Temperature Difference in value between

DTC Chart
Sensor Range/Performance ECT and AAT at engine start
(depending on engine off time)
> 24.75C
and
Difference in value between
ECT and IAT at engine start
(depending on engine off time)
> 24.75C
P0072 Ambient Air Temperature Ambient air temperature > 76C
Sensor Circuit Low
P0087 Fuel Rail/System Pressure - Fuel trim activity 0.90 - 1.15
Too Low Output value rail pressure
controller > 2 MPa
Difference between target and
actual pressure > -16.38 bar
P0100 Mass or Volume Air Flow A MAF sensor signal 0 s
Circuit
P0101 Mass Air Flow Circuit Range/ Mass air flow vs.
Performance upper threshold model
< 60 - 800 kg/h
lower threshold model
< 0 - 400 kg/h
Load calculation > 18%
Fuel system < -17%
P0102 Mass or Volume Air Flow A MAF sensor signal < 66 s
Circuit Low
P0103 Mass or Volume Air Flow A MAF sensor signal > 4500 s
Circuit High
P0106 Manifold Absolute Pressure/ Difference of boost pressure
Barometric Pressure Circuit signal vs. altitude sensor signal
Range/Performance > 230 hPa
OR
Difference of boost pressure
signal vs. altitude sensor signal
< -130 hPa
P0111 Intake Air Temperature Sensor Difference in value IAT - ECT
1 Circuit Range/Performance at engine start (depending on
engine off time) > 24.75C
Difference in value IAT - AAT
at engine start < 24.75C
P0112 Intake Air Temperature Sensor IAT > 141C
1 Circuit Low Input

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 81


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0113 Intake Air Temperature Sensor IAT < -46C
1 Circuit High Input
P0116 Engine Coolant Temperature Difference in value between
Sensor 1 Circuit Range/ ECT and AAT at engine start
Performance (depending on engine off time)
> 24.75C
and
Difference in value between
ECT and IAT at engine start
(depending on engine off time)
> 24.75C
P0117 Engine Coolant Temperature ECT >140C
Sensor 1 Circuit Low
P0118 Engine Coolant Temperature ECT < -40C
Sensor 1 Circuit High
P0121 Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor TPS 1 - TPS 2 > 6.30%
A Circuit Range/Performance Actual TPS 1 calculated value
> TPS 2 calculated value
TPS 1 calculated value
> 9.00%
P0122 Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor Signal voltage < 0.20 V
A Circuit Low
P0123 Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor Signal voltage > 4.81 V
A Circuit High
P0130 O2 Sensor Circuit (Bank 1 O2S ceramic temperature
Sensor 1) < 640C
P0131 O2 Sensor Circuit (Bank 1 Virtual mass < 1.75 V
Sensor 1) Low Voltage Nernst voltage < 1.50 V
Adjustment voltage < 0.30 V
P0132 O2 Sensor Circuit (Bank 1 Virtual mass > 3.25 V
Sensor 1) High Voltage Nernst voltage > 4.40 V
Adjustment voltage > 7 V
P0133 O2 Circuit Slow Response Signal dynamic slope check
(Bank 1 Sensor 1) O2S signal front vs. modeled
O2S signal ratio < 0.60 and
2 times
OR
O2S signal front vs. modeled
O2S signal ratio < 0.15 and
5 times

82 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0135 O2 Heater Circuit (Bank 1 Heater duty cycle >100%

DTC Chart
Sensor 1) O2S ceramic temperature,
< 715C
Time after O2S heater on
40 Sec.
Difference between measured
calibration resistance in ECM
and set value > 45 Ohms
P0136 O2 Circuit (Bank 1 Sensor 2) Delta voltage one step at
heater switching > 2.00 V
Number of checks 4
P0137 O2 Circuit Low Voltage (Bank Signal voltage < 0.06 V for
1 Sensor 2) > 3 Sec.
Reaction at closed loop
enrichment = no reaction
P0138 O2 Circuit High Voltage (Bank Signal voltage > 1.08 V for
1 Sensor 2) > 5 Sec.
P0139 O2 Circuit Slow Response EWMA filtered transient time
(Bank 1 Sensor 2) at fuel cutoff > 1.2 Sec.
In voltage range of 201 -
401 mV
Number of checks = 3
P0140 O2 Circuit No Activity Signal voltage
Detected (Bank 1 Sensor 2) Signal voltage 0.40 - 0.60 V
for > 3 Sec.
Sensor voltage load pulse vs.
no pulse 2.80 V
Internal resistance
> 40 K Ohms
Exhaust temperature > 600C
P0141 O2 Heater Circuit Heater circuit internal resistance
(Bank 1 Sensor 2) 792 - 4560 Ohms
P0169 Incorrect Fuel Composition Fuel quantity incorrect
Fuel correction factor incorrect
Internal check failed
P0171 System Too Lean (Bank 1) At idle
Adaptive value > 5.02%
At part load
Adaptive value > 21%
P0172 System Too Rich (Bank 1) At idle
Adaptive value < -5.02%
At part load
Adaptive value < -21%

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 83


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0190 Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor A Signal voltage > 4.8 V
Circuit
P0191 Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Actual pressure > 20.6 MPa
Circuit Range/Performance
P0192 Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor A Signal voltage < 0.2 V
Circuit Low
P0201 Cylinder 1 Injector Circuit/ Low side signal current < 2.1 A
Open
P0202 Cylinder 2 Injector Circuit/ Low side signal current < 2.1 A
Open
P0203 Cylinder 3 Injector Circuit/ Low side signal current < 2.1 A
Open
P0204 Cylinder 4 Injector Circuit/ Low side signal current < 2.1 A
Open
P0221 Throttle/Pedal Position TPS 1 - TPS 2 > 6.30%
Sensor/Switch B Circuit Actual TPS 2 calculated value
Range/Performance > TPS 1 calculated value
TPS 2 calc. value > 9.00%
P0222 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage < 0.20 V
Sensor/Switch B Circuit Low
P0223 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage > 4.81 V
Sensor/Switch B Circuit High
P0234 Turbocharger/Supercharger A Difference of set value boost
Overboost Condition pressure vs. altitude sensor
signal > 200 - 1275 hPa
P0236 Turbocharger Boost Sensor A Difference in boost pressure vs.
Circuit Range/Performance altitude sensor > 230 hPa OR
< -130 hPa
P0237 Turbocharger/Supercharger Signal voltage < 0.2 V
Boost Sensor A Circuit Low
P0238 Turbocharger/Supercharger Signal voltage > 4.88 V
Boost Sensor A Circuit High
P0243 Turbocharger/Supercharger Signal voltage > 5.6 - 4.4 V
Wastegate Solenoid A
P0245 Turbocharger/Supercharger Signal voltage < 3.25 - 2.15 V
Wastegate Solenoid A Low
P0246 Turbocharger/Supercharger Signal current > 2.2 A
Wastegate Solenoid A High
P025A Fuel Pump Module A Control Signal voltage 4.40 - 5.60 V
Circuit/Open

84 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P025C Fuel Pump Module A Control Signal voltage 2.15 - 3.25 V

DTC Chart
Circuit Low
P025D Fuel Pump Module A Control Signal current > 1.10 A
Circuit High
P0261 Cylinder 1 Injector Circuit Low Signal current < 2.1 A
P0262 Cylinder 1 Injector Circuit High Signal current > 14.70 A
P0264 Cylinder 2 Injector Circuit Low Signal current < 2.1 A
P0265 Cylinder 2 Injector Circuit High Signal current > 14.70 A
P0267 Cylinder 3 Injector Circuit Low Signal current < 2.1 A
P0268 Cylinder 3 Injector Circuit High Signal current > 14.70 A
P0270 Cylinder 4 Injector Circuit Low Low side signal current < 2.1 A
P0271 Cylinder 4 Injector Circuit High Signal current > 14.70 A
P0299 Turbocharger/Supercharger A Difference of set boost pressure
Underboost Condition vs. actual boost pressure value
> 150 hPa
P0300 Random Misfire Detected Emission threshold 1st interval
Misfire Rate (MR) > 3.0%
Catalyst damage misfire rate
(MR) > 2.9% - 20%
P0301 Cylinder 1 Misfire Detected Emission threshold 1st interval
Misfire Rate (MR) > 2.5%
Catalyst damage Misfire Rate
(MR) > 2.5% - 21%
P0302 Cylinder 2 Misfire Detected Emission threshold 1st interval
Misfire Rate (MR) > 2.1%
Catalyst damage Misfire Rate
(MR) > 2.5% - 21%
P0303 Cylinder 3 Misfire Detected Emission threshold 1st interval
Misfire Rate (MR) > 2.1%
Catalyst damage Misfire Rate
(MR) > 2.5% - 21%
P0304 Cylinder 4 Misfire Detected Emission threshold 1st interval
Misfire Rate (MR) > 2.1%
Catalyst damage Misfire Rate
(MR) > 2.5% - 21%
P0321 Ignition/Distributor Engine Comparison of counted teeth
Input Circuit Range/ vs. reference = incorrect
Performance Monitoring reference gap
failure
P0322 Ignition/Distributor Engine Camshaft signal > 3
Input Circuit No Signal Engine speed = no signal

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 85


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0324 Knock Control System Error Signal fault counter
(combustion) > 24
or
Signal fault counter
(measuring window) > 2.00
P0327 Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Low Lower threshold < -70 V
Input (Bank 1) or for signal range check
Lower threshold < 0.6 - 1.6 V
P0328 Knock Sensor 1 Circuit High Upper threshold > 1.00 V
Input (Bank 1) or for signal range check
> 21.7 - 115.9 V
P0340 Camshaft Position Sensor Cam adaption values out of
A Circuit (Bank 1 or single range
sensor) > 20 KW
< -20 KW
Difference of adapted and
actual values > 9 KW
P0341 Camshaft Position Sensor A Signal pattern incorrect
Circuit Range/Performance
(Bank 1 or single sensor)
P0342 Camshaft Position Sensor A Signal voltage low
Circuit Low (Bank 1 or single Crankshaft signals = 8
sensor)
P0343 Camshaft Position Sensor A Signal voltage high
Circuit High (Bank 1 or single Crankshaft signals = 8
sensor)
P0351 Ignition Coil A Primary/ Signal current -0.25 to -2.0 mA
Secondary Circuit Internal check failed
P0352 Ignition Coil B Primary/ Signal current -0.25 to -2.0 mA
Secondary Circuit Internal check failed
P0353 Ignition Coil C Primary/ Signal current -0.25 to -2.0 mA
Secondary Circuit Internal check failed
P0354 Ignition Coil D Primary/ Signal current -0.25 to -2.0 mA
Secondary Circuit Internal check failed

86 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0420 Catalyst System Efficiency Front:

DTC Chart
Below Threshold (Bank 1) Oxygen Storage Capacity
(OSC) vs. OSC of borderline
catalyst < 0.40
Front catalyst < 1.00
Main catalyst < 1.00
Main:
Oxygen Storage Capacity
(OSC) vs. OSC of borderline
catalyst < 0.40
Front catalyst < 0.90
while value for front catalyst
< 2.00
P0441 Evaporative Emission System Deviation < 9% lambda
Incorrect Purge Flow controller and 30% idle
controller
P0442 Evaporative Emission System Time for pressure drop < 1.55 -
Leak Detected (small leak) 1.75 Sec.
P0444 Evaporative Emission System Signal voltage > 4.40 - 5.40 V
Purge Control Valve A Circuit
Open
P0455 Evaporative Emission System Time for pressure drop
Leak Detected (gross leak/no < 0.95 Sec.
flow)
P0456 Evaporative Emission System Time for pressure drop
Leak Detected (very small < 4.5 - 6.0 Sec.
leak)
P0458 Evaporative Emission System Signal voltage 2.15 - 3.25 V
Purge Control Valve Circuit
Low
P0459 Evaporative Emission System Signal current > 2.2 A
Purge Control Valve Circuit
High
P050A Cold Start Idle Air Control Out of range low:
System Performance Engine speed deviation
< -80 RPM
Out of range high:
Engine speed deviation
> 80 RPM
OR
RPM controller P portion and
I portion < -15 Nm
Integrated deviation of RPM
low and high > 2000 RPM

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 87


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0501 Vehicle Speed Sensor A VSS signal < 6 km/h
Range/Performance
P0503 Vehicle Speed Sensor A Vehicle speed > 290 km/h
Intermittent/Erratic/High
P0506 Idle Air Control System - RPM Idle speed deviation < -80 RPM
Lower Than Expected and RPM controller torque value
calculated max value OR
Integrated deviation of engine
low and high > 2000 RPM
P0507 Idle Air Control System - RPM Idle speed deviation > 80 RPM
Higher Than Expected and RPM controller torque value
calculated min value
P053F Cold Start Fuel Pressure Difference between target
Performance pressure vs. actual pressure:
> 1.50 MPa
OR
< -1.50 MPa
P052A Cold Start Intake A Camshaft Difference between target and
Position Timing Over- actual position > 6 CRK
Advanced (Bank 1)
P0606 Control Module Processor ECM internal check failure
NOTE: BARO sensor is also
located in the ECM and is not
serviceable, requiring ECM
replacement.
P062B Internal Control Module Fuel Internal logic failure
Injector Control Performance
P0638 Throttle Actuator Control Time to close to reference
Range/Performance - Bank 1 point > 0.6 Sec.
and
TPS 1 voltage NOT 0.40 -
0.80 V
TPS 2 signal voltage NOT
4.20 - 4.60 V
TPS 1 and TPS 2 NOT 4.82 -
5.18 V
P0641 Sensor Reference Voltage A Signal voltage deviation
Circuit/Open > 0.3 V
P0651 Sensor Reference Voltage B Signal voltage deviation
Circuit/Open > 0.3 V
P0657 Actuator Supply Voltage A Signal voltage > 4.4 - 5.6 V
Circuit/Open

88 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P0658 Actuator Supply Voltage A Signal voltage < 2.15 - 3.25 V

DTC Chart
Circuit Low
P0659 Actuator Supply Voltage A Signal current > 1.1 A
Circuit High
P0697 Sensor Reference Voltage C Signal voltage deviation
Circuit/Open > 0.3 V
P12A1 Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Pressure control activity
Inappropriately Low > 0.20 MPa
Fuel trim activity < 0.80
Difference between actual
pressure vs. target pressure
-16.38 to 16.38 MPa
P12A2 Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Pressure control activity
Inappropriately High < -0.05 MPa
Fuel trim activity > 1.65
Difference between target
pressure and actual pressure
-16.38 to 16.38 MPa
P12A4 Fuel Rail Pump Control Valve Fuel trim activity 0.90 to 1.15
Stuck Closed Pressure control activity
< -6 MPa
System Deviation
< 16.38 MPa
P150A Engine Off Timer Performance Difference between engine off
time and ECM after run time
< -12 Sec. or > 12 Sec.
P2008 Intake Manifold Runner Signal voltage 4.40 - 5.60 V
Control Circuit/Open (Bank 1)
P2009 Intake Manifold Runner Signal voltage 3.25 - 2.15 V
Control Circuit Low (Bank 1)
P2010 Intake Manifold Runner Signal current > 2.20 A
Control Circuit High (Bank 1)
P2014 Intake Manifold Runner Signal voltage > 4.75 V
Position Sensor/Switch Circuit
(Bank 1)
P2015 Intake Manifold Runner Deviation intake flap target
Position Sensor/Switch Circuit position vs. actual position
Range/Performance (Bank 1) > 25% and actual position
0 to 100%
P2016 Intake Manifold Runner Signal voltage < 0.25 V
Position Sensor/Switch Circuit
Low (Bank 1)

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 89


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P2088 A Camshaft Position Actuator Signal voltage < 2.15 - 3.25 V
Control Circuit Low Bank 1
P2089 A Camshaft Position Actuator Signal current > 2.2 A
Control Circuit High Bank 1
P2096 Post Catalyst Fuel Trim Deviation lambda control
System Too Lean Bank 1 < -0.025
P2097 Post Catalyst Fuel Trim Integral part of lambda control
System Too Rich Bank 1 > 0.03%
P2101 Throttle Actuator A Control Duty cycle > 80%
Motor Circuit Range/ Deviation throttle value angles
Performance vs. calculated value 4 - 50%
ECM power stage no failure
P2106 Throttle Actuator Control Internal check failed
System - Forced Limited
Power
P2122 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage < 0.6 V
Sensor/Switch D Circuit Low
P2123 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage > 4.8 V
Sensor/Switch D Circuit High
P2127 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage < 0.27 V
Sensor/Switch E Circuit Low
P2128 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage > 2.43 V
Sensor/Switch E Circuit High
P2138 Throttle/Pedal Position Signal voltage: Difference
Sensor/Switch D/E Voltage between signal APP1 and
Correlation APP2 > 0.17 - 0.70 V
P2146 Fuel Injector Group A Supply Signal current < 2.6 A
Voltage Circuit/Open or
Signal current > 14.90 A
P2149 Fuel Injector Group B Supply Signal current < 2.6 A
Voltage Circuit/Open or
Signal current > 14.90 A
P2177 System Too Lean Off Idle - Adaptive value > 28%
Bank 1
P2178 System Too Rich Off Idle - Adaptive value < -21%
Bank 1
P2181 Cooling System Performance Cooling system temperature too
low after a sufficient mass air
flow integral 74 - 84C
P2184 Engine Coolant Temperature ECT outlet < -43C
Sensor 2 Circuit Low

90 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P2185 Engine Coolant Temperature ECT outlet > 141C

DTC Chart
Sensor 2 Circuit High
P2187 System Too Lean At Idle - Adaptive value > 5.02%
Bank 1
P2188 System Too Rich At Idle - Adaptive value < -5.02%
Bank 1
P2195 O2 Sensor Signal Biased/ Delta lambda of 2nd lambda
Stuck Lean - Bank 1, Sensor 1 control loop > 0.06
P2196 O2 Sensor Signal Biased/ Delta lambda of 2nd lambda
Stuck Rich - Bank 1, Sensor 1 control loop < -0.06
P2231 O2 Sensor Signal Circuit Delta O2S signal front > 190 uA
Shorted to Heater Circuit -
Bank 1, Sensor 1
P2237 O2 Sensor Positive Current O2S signal front 1.49 - 1.51 V
Control Circuit/Open - Bank 1, Delta lambda controller > 0.10
Sensor 1 OR
O2S signal front < 1.70 V
Fuel cutoff > 3 sec.
P2243 O2 Sensor Reference Voltage O2S signal front < 0.30 V and
Circuit/Open - Bank 1, Internal resistance
Sensor 1 > 1000 Ohms
O2S signal front > 3.25 V and
Internal resistance
> 1000 Ohms
P2251 O2 Sensor Negative Current O2S signal front 1.47 - 1.53 V
Control Circuit/Open - Bank 1, Internal resistance
Sensor 1 > 1000 Ohms
P2270 O2 Sensor Signal Stuck Lean O2S signal rear < 0.603 V
Bank 1, Sensor 2
P2271 O2 Sensor Signal Stuck Rich O2S signal rear > 0.603 V
Bank 1, Sensor 2
P2279 Intake Air System Leak Threshold to detect a defective
system > 1.33 - 1.60
P2293 Fuel Pressure Regulator 2 Difference between target
Performance pressure vs. actual pressure:
> 1.50 MPa
OR
< -1.50 MPa
P2294 Fuel Pressure Regulator 2 Signal voltage 1.40 - 3.20 V
Control Circuit/Open Signal pattern incorrect
P2295 Fuel Pressure Regulator 2 Signal voltage 1.40 - 3.20 V
Control Circuit Low

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 91


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P2296 Fuel Pressure Regulator 2 Signal voltage > 3.20 V
Control Circuit High
P2300 Ignition Coil A Primary Control Signal current > 24.0 mA
Circuit Low
P2301 Ignition Coil A Primary Control Signal current > 5.1 - 7.0 mA
Circuit High
P2303 Ignition Coil B Primary Control Signal current > 24.0 mA
Circuit Low
P2304 Ignition Coil B Primary Control Signal current > 5.1 - 7.0 mA
Circuit High
P2306 Ignition Coil C Primary Control Signal current > 24.0 mA
Circuit Low
P2307 Ignition Coil C Primary Control Signal voltage > 5.1 - 7.0 mA
Circuit High
P2309 Ignition Coil D Primary Control Signal current > 24.0 mA
Circuit Low
P2310 Ignition Coil D Primary Control Signal voltage > 5.1 - 7.0 mA
Circuit High
P2400 Evaporative Emission System Signal voltage > 4.4 - 5.6 V
Leak Detection Pump Control
Circuit/Open
P2401 Evaporative Emission System Signal voltage > 2.15 to 3.25 V
Leak Detection Pump Control
Circuit Low
P2402 Evaporative Emission System Signal current > 3 A
Leak Detection Pump Control
Circuit High
P2403 Evaporative Emission System Low signal voltage > 0.5 Sec.
Leak Detection Pump Sense
Circuit/Open
P2404 Evaporative Emission System High signal voltage > 12 Sec.
Leak Detection Pump Sense Number of checks = 30
Circuit Range/Performance Cumulative time of high signal
voltage during pumping
> 10 Sec.
P2414 O2 Sensor Exhaust Sample Threshold 1 - Signal voltage
Error Bank 1, Sensor 1 3.1 - 4.81 V
Threshold 2 - Signal voltage
2.5 to 3.20 V
P2626 O2 Sensor Positive Current O2S signal front > 4.81 V
Trim Circuit/Open Bank 1
Sensor 1

92 Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010


DTC Error Message Malfunction Criteria and
Threshold Value
P3081 Engine Temperature Too Low Difference between ECT and

DTC Chart
modeled ECT > 10 K
U0001 High Speed CAN Bus failure
Communication Bus
U0002 High Speed CAN Global time out failure
Communication Bus
Performance
U0101 Lost Communication with TCM Time out failure. No message
received by ECM
U0121 Lost Communication With CAN communication with ABS
Anti-Lock Brake System time out.
(ABS) Control Module
U0146 Lost Communication With CAN communication with
Gateway A gateway time out
U0155 Lost Communication With No messages received from
Instrument Panel Cluster cluster
(IPC) Control Module
U0302 Software Incompatibility with Manual transmission vehicle,
Transmission Control Module TCM coded as automatic
transmission vehicle
U0402 Invalid Data Received From Implausible message received
TCM from TCM
U0415 Invalid Data Received From Speed sensor initialization
Anti-Lock Brake System failed
(ABS) Control Module Speed sensor low voltage
error failed
Speed sensor error failed
U0422 Invalid Data Received From Ambient temperature value
Body Control Module initialization failure
U0423 Invalid Data Received From Implausible messages
Instrument Panel Cluster received from Instrument Panel
Control Module Cluster (IPC) or Ambient Air
Temperature (AAT) value 00h
U0447 Invalide Data Received From CAN message incorrect
Gateway A

Audi A8 Quick Reference Specification Book August 2010 93


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A8QUICKSPEC0610