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THE NOUN

I. Use a/an or some to finish he sentence I want...

1. meat - I want some meat.


2. picture I want a picture.
3. chair I want a chair.
4. water I want some water.

II.Choose the correct version (a, b or c) to complete the sentences


below:

1. Thatshouse, isnt it? a) Jerry b) Jerry c) Jerrys

Thats Jerrys house, isnt it?

2. She cant sit here. Its place. a) Mikes b) Mike c) Mikes

She cant sit here. Its Mikes place.

3. I dont find thekeys anywhere. a) cars b) car c) cars

I dont find the car keys anywhere.

4. Thats Mr. Smith, thehusband. a) teacher b) teachers c) teachers

Thats Mr. Smith, the teachers husband.

III. What are the compound nouns indicated by the meanings below:

1. A man who sells milk. Milkman


2. A place where roads cross. Crossroads
3. A man who the makes shoes. Shoemaker
4. A shelf on which books are kept. Bookshelf

IV. Change each masculine noun into the feminine form:

1. Our grandson is a student. Granddaughter


2. My children love the hero of this story. Heroine
3. There was a tom-cat under the table. Tabby-cat.
4. My brother-in-law was in the garden. Sister-in-law

V. Insert the word opposite in gender to that in italics:

1. The St. Bernard dog is larger than bitch.


2. There were flowers for ladies and cigars for the gentleman.
3. They had three sons and two daughters.
4. John and Mary becameand wife. husband.
VI. In this exercise you have to join two nouns. Sometimes you have to
use an apostrophe (), with or without s, sometimes you have to use
of:

1. the coat/Jimmy Jimmys coat.


2. the newspaper/yesterday yesterdays newspaper.
3. the wife/ the man crossing the street the mans wife
4. the neighbours/ my parents. my parents neighbours.

VII. Translate into English:

1. Casa prietenii surorii lui Nick este foarte frumoas.


The house of the friend of Nicks sister is very beautiful.
2. Ideile colegului fratelui meu sunt interesante.
The ideas of my brothers colleague are interesting.
3. Cteva dintre jucriile copilului verioarei mele au fost recent cumparate.
Some of the toys of my cousins child have been bought recently.
4. Caietele colegului lui Nick sunt foarte ordonate.
The notebooks of Nicks colleague are very tidy.

THE PASSIVE VOICE

I. Fill in the blanks with am, are or is to make up passive constructions:

1. Youseen by the dog. You are seen by the dog.

2. Wehelped by our friends. We are helped by our friends.

3. Nickrecognized by the policeman. Nick is recognized by the policeman.

4. The exercisesdone by the pupils. The exercises are done by the pupils.

II. Fill in the blanks with was or were tomake up passive sentences:

1. Iallowed to visit her. I was allowed to visit her.

2. Weintroduced to the scientist. We were introduced to the scientist.

3. The TV set switched on by father. The TV set was switched on by father.#

4. Youadvised to leave. You are advised to leave.

III. Use the verbs in brackets in the Past Perfect, Passive Voice:

1. We discovered a document which (to write) in the 18 th century.

We discovered a document which had been written in the 18 th century.

2. All the flowers died because they (not to water).

All the flowers died because they had not been watered.

3. We heard that you (to hurt) in an accident.

We heard that you had been hurt in an accident.

4. Tom was not at home because he ( to invite) to a birthday party.

Tom was not at home because he had been invited to a birthday party.

IV. Change the following active sentences into the passive. Omit the by-
phrase when the active subject is a pronoun or the word people:
1. The teacher explained a new lesson.

A new lesson was explained by the teacher.

2. Nobody has seen that man here.

That man has never been seen here.

3. They must buy a new car.

A new car must be bought.

4. People often consult me.

I am often consulted.

V. Ask and answer the following questions according to the model:

Who are the windows washed


by?
the windows/to wash/my sister
By my sister, of course.

1. this bank/to design/a good architect

Who is this bank design by? By a good architect, of course.

2. that jacket/to make/a good tailor

Who is that jacket made by? By a good tailor, of course.

3. those shoes/to sell/ the shop-assistant

Who is those shoes sell by? By the shop-assistant, of course.

4. I/to criticize/ my classmates

Who criticized me? My classmates, of course.

VI. Complete the following sentences with the verb in brackets in the
Present Continuous, Passive, Voice, according to the model:

You cant sleep in the bedroom. It (to paint)

It is being painted.

1. The compositions will be ready soon. It ( to write).

The compositions will be ready soon. It is being written.

2. You will eat soon. Lunch (to serve).


You will eat soon. Lunch is being served.

3. We cant go to work by car today. It (to repair).

We cant go to work by car today. It is being repaired.

4. We shall eat apples soon. They ( to pick).

We shall eat apples soon. They are being picked.

VII. Translate into English using passive constructions:

1. Toate aceste care au fost distruse de recentul cutremur.

All these houses have been damaged by the recent earthquake.

2. Mi s-a spus c s-au discutat multe probleme interesante aici.

Ive been told there were discussed a lot of interesting problems.

3. Se tie c normanzii au cucerit Anglia n secolul al XI-lea.

The Normans are known to have conqered England in the 11th century.

4. i se va permite s vizitezi toate camelele acestui palat.

You will be allowed permitted to visit all the rooms of this palace.

INDIRECT SPEECH

I. Turn the following statements into the Indirect Speech:

1. Sebastian is an educated man, remarks Jane.

Jane remarks that Sebastian is an educated man.

2. Father isnt feeling well, Ann explains to her friend.

Ann explains to her friends that father isnt feeling well.

3. When the telephone rang, I was looking out of the window, Mark says.

Mark says that when the telephone rang, he was looking out of the window.

4. I dont think they can help me, Eliza tells me.

Eliza tells me that she doesnt think they can help her.

II. Fill in the blanks with asked, told or said:

1. Write these exercises, the teachers us.

Write these exercises, the teachers told us.

2. I am very busy, the architect.

I am very busy, said the architect.


3. Where in the museum? the touristme.

Where in the museum? the tourist asked me.

4. Whats you rname? the policemanthe little child.

Whats you rname? the policeman asked the little child.

III. Turn into to Indirect Speech:

1. I last saw her two days ago, I explained to the policeman.

I explained to the policeman that I had last seen her two days before.

2. My sister went to the cinema on Friday, John told me.

John told me that his sister had gone to the cinema on Friday.

3. We met Tom yesterday, Ann and Peter remembered.

Ann and Peter remembered that they had met Tom the day before.

4. Mother made a good cake on my birthday, said Tim.

Tim said that his mother had made a good cake on his birthday.

IV. Turn the following general questions into the Indirect Speech:

1. Do you smoke? Lady Bracknell asked Jack.

Lady Bracknell asked Jack if he smoked.

2. Did you see this film? Tom asked me.

Tom asked me whether I had seen that film.

3. Will your mother come here at 5 oclock? I asked Mary.

I asked Mary if her mother would come here.

4. Does Lee speak French? John wanted to know.

John wanted to know whether Lee spoke French.

V. Turn into to Indirect Speech:

1. Lets wait for Jane here, Mike said.

Mike suggested that we should wait for Jane here.

2. Lets go by bus this time, David suggested.

David suggested that they should go by bus that time.

3. Lets not go fishing today, Tom said.

Tom suggested that we should not go fishing that day.

4. Lets invite the Browns to dinner, mother said.


Mother suggested that we should invite the Browns to dinner.

VI. Turn the following exclamations into the Indirect Speech:

1. My goodness! Ive got lost!

She gave an exclamation of surprise because she had got lost.

2.What a glorious view!

He said that the view was glorious.

3. What terrible weather!

They remembered that the weather was terrible.

4. What a silly girl you are!

He told her she was a silly girl.

VII. Translate the following text into English and then turn it into the
Indirect Speech:

,,Domnul ef se uit de mai multe ori, cnd la flcu, cnd la banii din portofel i
dup o lung tcere ntreb:

- Mai era cineva cu tine?

- Nimeni.

- Ai spus la alii?

- La nimeni. Am venit p-ici pe poteca din dos, drept ladumneavoastr.

The chief looked several times, now at the had, then at the money in the wallet
and, after a long silence, he asked: Was there anybody else with you?

(There was) nobody.

Did you tell anybody?

I told nobody. I came this way, by the back path, straight to you.