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St.

Marys College of Baliuag


Baliuag, Bulacan
SY 2013 - 2014

SCIENCE III
RVM NAT DRY RUN EXAMINATION

ANSWER KEY

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the correct answer from the given choices in each item and shade the
circle corresponding to the letter of your answer in the answer sheet provided.

1. Lithium, Sodium, Calcium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium are


a. halogens - group 7A elements
b. inert gases - group 8A or zero elements
c. alkali metals - group 1A elements
d. alkaline earth metals - group 2A elements

2. What are the oxidation numbers of all the elements in the compound NaHCO3?
a. 1, 1, 4, - 6
b. 1, 1, 4, - 2 (algebraic sum must be = 0)
c. -1, -1, -4, 2
d. -1, - 1, - 4, 6

3. Which process is exothermic?


a. melting of ice
b. setting of hot jelly (heat is released or it must be cooled to make it set)
c. evaporation of water
d. sublimation of naphthalene

4. Which is not a chemical change?


a. souring of milk
b. tarnishing of silver
c. butter turning rancid
d. adding color to fruit juice

5. All are physical changes except


a. chopping of woods
b. melting of iceberg
c. tearing of paper
d. rusting of iron

6. Solubility is the
a. ability of a solvent to dissolve a given solute.
b. process of dissolving a solvent by a given solute.
c. measure of how fast or slow a solute can be dissolved by the solvent.
d. maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved by a solvent at a given temperature.

7. Dissolving powdered detergent in water is exothermic. Which is true regarding the process?
a. The resulting mixture is hotter than the original substances.
b. The original substances are hotter than the resulting mixture.
c. External source of heat must be supplied for the mixture to absorb heat.
d. There is no difference in the temperature of the original and resulting mixture.

8. The element with the electronic configuration 1s 2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2 represents an element situated
at period 3 and group 2 of the periodic table. Which electronic configuration represents an
element from group 7?
a. 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p5 (add the s and p superscript = 7)
b. 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p7
c. 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 4s1
d. 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 4s2, 3d7
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9. Which of the following is a molecular formula of a compound?
a. CH2O empirical or simple
b. H2O
c. CnH2n+2 general or type
d. structural

10. Which of the following substances contains an acid?


a. ammonia
b. liquid sosa
c. bleaching agent
d. toilet bowl cleaner (all the other contains alkali or base)

11. Which of the following is an element?


a. amalgam (solution of Hg and Ag)
b. glucose (compound)
c. manganese
d. milk of magnesia (antacid in suspension form)

12. Why is activated charcoal sometimes placed inside the refrigerator, newly painted room and a
component in some water purifier? Charcoal is effective in
a. absorbing foul and stinking odor
b. killing germs and microorganisms
c. adsorbing bad odor and other impurities
d. neutralizing the toxins wherever it is placed

13. If a piece of sodium metal is placed in a reaction vessel containing the halogens fluorine,
chlorine, bromine and iodine, what compound will be formed readily? Why?
a. NaBr, because it is the only liquid
b. NaCl, because it is a heavier gas
c. NaF, because it is the most electronegative
d. NaI, because it is the only solid and it can sublime

14. The most metallic element


a. is highly electronegative
b. possesses the smallest atom
c. requires less energy to ionize
d. readily accepts additional electron

15. The element whose electronic configuration is 1s 2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p5, 4s2, 3d10, 4p3 has ____
number of valence electrons.
a. 5
b. 3
c. 3
d. 5 (add 2 and 3)

16. Which of the following compounds possesses a covalent bond?


a. AgCl
b. BaBr2
c. CCl4 between two non-metals
d. MgI2

17. When an element from the right side of the periodic table and another element from the
leftmost side were combined chemically, there will be _______ bond in the compound through
the _________ of electrons.
a. covalent, sharing
b. ionic, sharing
c. ionic, transfer (between a metal and a non-metal)
d. metallic, sliding

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18. Glucose (C6H12O6), also known as dextrose is the sugar in the blood. What is the molar mass
of glucose? (Atomic mass of carbon is 12, hydrogen is 1 and oxygen is 16)
a. 96
b. 132
c. 144
d. 180 (add all the products after multiplying @ subscript to the atomic mass)

19. From the balanced chemical equation: 2NaClO3 2NaCl + 3O2, how many grams of NaCl
will be produced when 424.0 g of NaClO3 undergo decomposition? (Na=23, Cl = 35, O = 16)
a. 58.00
b. 116.0 212 116
c. 212.0 424 x
d. 232.0

20. A compound has an empirical formula of CH2O. What is the molecular formula of the
compound if its molar mass is 150 g/mole? 150/30 = 5 (CH2O)
a. C2H6O2
b. C5H10O5
c. C2H12O2
d. C6H12O6

21. How many moles of CaCO3 are present in 550 gram sample? (Atomic mass of calcium is 40,
carbon is 12 and oxygen is 16)
a. 5.5
b. 5.50
c. 11
d. 11.0

22. It is observed that water droplets are flattened when dropped on surfaces while mercury
remains spherical. In tubes, waters upper level is concave while that of mercury is convex.
Water wets its container while mercury does not. Why is this so? Mercury has greater
a. capillarity
b. cohesion
c. surface tension
d. viscosity

23. What is the correct formula when NH4 +1 and C2O4 2 (oxalate ion) forms a compound?
a. NH2CO2
b. NH2C2O2
c. (NH4)2C2O4 criss crossing of valence then add parentheses to the cation
d. (NH4)2(C2O4)2

24. Two reactions are performed in two separate flasks. In the first flask, hydrochloric acid and zinc
were combined, in the second, sodium bicarbonate and acetic acid. Both reactions produced
two different gases. When tested, the gas in the first flask produced a popping sound as it
burns; the second gas extinguished the flame of the matchstick drawn near the mouth of the
flask. What are the two gases?
a. CO2 and H2
b. CO2 and O2
c. H2 and CO2
d. O2 and CO2

25. Which formula was NOT matched with its correct name?
a. Al2S3 aluminum sulfide
b. N2P5 dinitrogen pentaphosphide
c. PbCl4 lead (II) chloride - it should be lead (IV) chloride
d. HClO3 chloric acid

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26. What type of chemical reaction is illustrated by the chemical equation below?

2Al + 3H2SO4 Al2(SO4)3 + 3H2

a. synthesis or combination
b. decomposition or analysis
c. single replacement
d. double replacement

27. Which chemical reaction is type IV or double replacement reaction?


a. burning of magnesium ribbon type 1
b. heating sugar strongly in a test tube type 2
c. dissolving zinc in hydrochloric acid type 3
d. precipitation of white BaSO4 in a reaction

28. The night before your trip to Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte, you had your newly bought second hand
car full tank. But the next day before reaching half way, when you are in the vicinity of the
province of Tarlac, the car suddenly stopped. What hypothesis will come first to your mind?
a. The car runs out of gas.
b. There is an engine trouble.
c. Second hand car cannot travel long trips.
d. A supernatural being is controlling the car.

29. A 30.0 gram piece of stone is dropped inside a graduated cylinder containing 20.0 mL of water.
If the final reading of the water level is 35.0 mL. What is the density of the stone in g/mL?
a. 0.857
b. 1.50
c. 2.00 (with 3 sig fig)
d. 2.000

30. Which mixture is heterogeneous?


a. brine
b. syrup
c. granite rock the others are homogenous
d. tincture of iodine

31. Water, acetone, ethanol and copper dust were accidentally mixed in a container. What process
will best separate this mixture?
a. filtration and floatation
b. decantation and distillation
c. chromatography and filtration
d. filtration and fractional distillation (filter the Cu dust and distill the others based on B.Pt.

32. A 100 mL clear liquid boils at 102 C initially. After evaporating 20 mL of its volume, its boiling
point increases by 3 C and crystals starts to appear at its bottom. What kind of substance is
the clear liquid?
a. solution (the presence of solute makes its b.pt. elevated)
b. compound
c. suspension
d. pure substance

33. A white crystalline powder melts at low temperature. On further heating, it releases a colorless
vapor as the melted powder change to brown color until it is black and dry. What kind of
substance is the white crystalline powder?
a. solution
b. element
c. compound (heating sugar)
d. heterogeneous mixture
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34. Which is NOT true regarding compounds and mixtures? Compounds _______ while mixtures
__________.
a. are chemically combined: are physically/mechanically combined
b. can be combined at any proportion: are combined with definite proportion
c. can be separated by chemical reaction: can be separated by mechanical means

d. are made up of two or more elements/compounds: are made up of two or more


substances

35. What is the average atomic mass of chlorine based on the given data below?

Isotopes % Abundance Mass (amu)


Cl 35 75.77 0.7577 34.969
Cl 37 24.23 0.2423 36.966

a. 35
b. 35.4 multiply add the products
c. 35.45
d. 35.453 (3 sig fig)

36. Element X has 19 protons, 19 electrons and 20 neutrons. As a cation with a charge of +1, it
has 19 protons, 18 electrons and 20 neutrons. What is the atomic number of element X?
a. 18
b. 19 (it may lose an - e as a cation but the proton remains as basis of atomic number

c. 20
d. 39

37. What relationship can you draw from the given information on the isotopes of oxygen?

Atomic Atomic Number of


Isotopes Number Mass protons electrons neutrons
O 16 8 16 8 8 8
O 17 8 17 8 8 9
O 18 8 18 8 8 10

a. The atomic mass is twice the atomic number.


b. The number of protons, electrons and neutrons are equal.
c. The number of neutrons increases as the atomic mass increases.
d. There is no relationship existing between the given data for the isotopes.

38. Element Y has the following distribution of electrons in the main energy level: 2e , 8e, 18e,
8e, 2e. What is the valence number of this element?
a. 2 (the last e is the valence/outermost shell)
b. 8
c. 10
d. 38 (is the atomic number add all them)

39. Element Z bonded with element A to form the compound ZA 4. If there are two more pairs of
lone pairs in element Z left unbonded, what is the valence number of element Z and A?
a. 4 and -1 Z has 8 valence
b. 4 and 1 A A red dots are lone pairs
c. 8 and -1 Z yellow dots are shared to the 4 As
d. 8 and 1 A A atom A lacks 1 to complete the octet hence -1

40. A 2.50 L gas tips the barometer at 760 mmHg. What will be the volume of this gas if the
pressure will be doubled? V2 = 760 x 2.5/1520 (inv. proportion pressure doubled/volume is1/2
a. 1.25 liter
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b. 1.25 mmHg
c. 5.00 liter
d. 5.00 mmHg

41. What relationship is shown among the four variables included in the given data below?

Temperature (K) No. of Moles Pressure (atm) Volume (L)


273 1.0 1.0 100.0
323 1.0 1.5 100.0
373 1.0 2.0 100.0
423 1.0 2.5 100.0
473 1.0 3.0 100.0

a. P is directly proportional to n at constant T and V.


b. T is directly proportional to P at constant n and V.
c. T is inversely proportional to P at constant n and V.
d. V is inversely proportional to n at constant P and V.

42. A liter of gas was measured at 1.50 atm and 305 K. At what temperature will this gas increase
to 1.75 liters with a pressure of 2.00 atm? T2 = V2P2T1/ V1P1= 1.75 L (2.00 atm) 305 K/ 1 L (1.5 atm)
a. 349 K
b. 400 K
c. 712 K
d. 1.41 X 10 3 K

43. What is the molality of a 4% acetic acid solution or the common household vinegar? (The
formula of acetic acid is HC2H3O2) m = 4g/60g-mole/0.096 L
a. 0.69 M
b. 0.69 mole/L
c. 0.7 mole/kg
d. 0.7 molar

44. A liter of toilet bowl cleaner is 7.0 molar solution of hydrochloric acid HCl. How much acid is
contained in this solution? 7.0 m x 1 L x 36 g/mole =
a. 250 mL
b. 250 grams
c. 252 mole
d. 252 grams

45. The characteristics of elements A, B, C, and D are given below. What is the correct
arrangement of these elements according to increasing atomic size?
A. Metallic element from period 4, group 2A Ca
B. Non-metallic element from period 3, group 6A S
C. Lightest inert gas He
D. Heaviest alkali metal Fr
a. A, B, C, D
b. B, C, D, A
c. C, B, A, D
d. D, A, B, C

46. As a rule, the more acidic substance, the lower is its pH value, while the more basic or alkaline
the substance, the higher its pH value. Which substances are correctly arranged from the
lowest to the highest pH?
a. orange juice, stomach acid, distilled water, sea water, liquid soap
b. stomach acid (1), orange juice (5), distilled water (7), sea water (7.5), liquid soap (12)
c. liquid soap, sea water, distilled water, orange juice, stomach acid
d. liquid soap, distilled water, sea water, stomach acid, orange juice

47. Which combination will NOT form neutral substances or those with pH close or equal to 7?
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a. HCl + NaOH
b. H2SO4 + KOH
c. H2CO3 + Mg(OH) 2
d. Ca(NO3)2 + H3PO4 (all the rest will produce salt and water which is neutral)

48. Which chemical equation is properly balanced?


a. 2Mg + 2O2 2MgO
b. 2NaClO 2NaCl + 2O2
c. 2Fe + 6HCl 2FeCl3 + 3H2
d. BaF2 + AlCl3 BaCl2 + AlF3

49. What is the valence or oxidation number of phosphorus in the compound Na3PO4?
a. 1
b. 3
c. 3
d. 5

50. An 8.0 M of HCl is available as a stock solution in the chemical cabinet. Your experiment
requires only 100. 0 mL of 4.0 M HCl. How much of the original concentration will you pour in a
graduated cylinder to dilute the solution? It would be _________ the amount of the dilute
solution.
a. half
b. twice
c. one-fourth 100. 0 mL Final volume
d. the same as 4.0 M
50.0 mL Initial volume
8.0 M

M1V1 = M2V2 8.0 M x V1 = 4.0 M x 0.100 mL = 0.05 or 50 mL half of 100 mL

Que Los Dios Bendiga! Buena Suerte!