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Concord adalah kesesuaian antara subjek kalimat dengan kata kerja

kalimat tersebut. Bila suatu kalimat memiliki subjek tunggal, kata kerjanya harus tunggal
pula. Jika kalimat tersebut memiliki subjek jamak, kata kerjanya juga harus jamak.
A rabbit eats grass. Rabbit=tunggal, eats=tunggal
Rabbits eat grass. Rabbits= jamak, eat= jamak
Some students are in the classroom. Students=jamak, are= jamak
The danger of narcotics makes parents feel worried. Danger= tunggal, makes= tunggal
Walaupun teorinya sederhana, kadang orang merasa bingung untuk menentukan apakah kata
kerja suatu kalimat sudah sesuai dengan subjek kalimat itu, terutama bila antara subjek dan kata
kerja dipisahkan oleh kata atau frase. Oleh karena itu, ketika Anda mengerjakan TOEFL harus
sangat berhati-hati. Pastikan bahwa subjek kalimat yang dihadapi itu tunggal atau jamak,
kemudian kata kerjanya harus disesuaikan.

Berikut ini diberikan rambu-rambu untuk membantu Anda memahami kesesuaian antara subjek
kalimat dan kata kerjanya.

a. Kesesuaian antara Subjek yang diikuti of/on/in dengan Verb (kata kerja).
Subject + Preposition of/on/in + Verb
Frase yang berawal dengan of, on, in yang mengikuti Subject tidak mempengaruhi
jumlah Subject.Jika Subject yang berada di depan of/on/in berbentuk tunggal, kata kerjanya
juga harus tunggal. JikaSubject yang berada di depan of/on/in berbentuk jamak, kata kerjanya
juga harus jamak. Contoh:
The study of local people in this village is necessary to carry out.
The students in the classroom are doing an English test.
All proposals on the project have been signed up.
Some employees in the company were hospitalized yesterday.
The view of these disciplines varies from time to time.
b. Kesuaian antara Subject yang diikuti along with, together with,
accompanied by, as well as,dengan Verb-nya.
along with/together
Subject with + Verb
(together with)..
(accompanied with)..
(as well as)..
Frase seperti along with, together with, accompanied by, as well as yang
mengikuti Subject, tidak mempengaruhi jumlah Subject.
The teacher, together with his students, is waiting for the train.
Doni, along with his brothers and sisters, is going to the concert tonight.
All people, as well as their leader, were having a ceremony on the top of the mountain when I
visited their village.
The President, accompanied by some of his ministers, is visiting the rural village now.
c. Kesesuaian antara Subject yang berupa Verb+ing dengan Verb-nya.
Kata kerja bentuk ing (verb-ing) yang berposisi sebagai Subject kalimat selalu
dianggap tunggal. Oleh karena itu, kata kerja kalimat tersebut juga harus tunggal.
Writing stories is my hobby.
Learning how to communicate in English is greatly need in this modern era.
Discussing problems among students was our tradition in the past, but now everything looks
Namun, jika Subject tersebut terdiri atas dua kata kerja Verb-ing yang dihubungkan
dengan kata sambung and, jumlah Subject menjadi jamak. Lihat contoh:
Fishing and swimming are two interesting activities when we have a picnic to the beach.
Reading stories and writing letters to his friends from California that he does almost
everydaymake his English improve better than the others.
d. Kesesuaian antara Subject yang berupa kata ganti orang, tak
tentu(indefinite pronouns) denganVerb-nya.
Indefinite Pronouns + Verb
Kata ganti orang tak tentu (indefinite pronouns) selalu dianggap tunggal. Oleh karena itu,
kata kerja kalimatnya juga harus berbentuk tunggal. Contoh indefinite
pronouns adalah any+., no+singular noun, some+singular noun,
every+singular noun, dan each+singular noun.
1) Any +.: anybody, anyone, anything. Contohnya sebagai berikut:
Is there anybody here?
Is anyone permitted to borrow books in this library?
2) No + singular noun: nobody, no one, nothing
Nobody speaks English better than Jane does.
No one is allowed to enter the room.
3) Some + singular noun: somebody, someone, something.
Something was under your house.
Someone is coming.
4) Every + singular noun: everybody, everyone, everything.
Everybody who has got a ticket should wait for the bus in that room.
Everything is under control.
Has everyone got the invitation?
5) Each + singular noun: each person, each student, each room, etc.
Each student has the right to get all the school service.
Each room is well decorated.
Each person obeys the rules.
e. Kesesuaian antara Subject yang berupa None/No dengan Verb-nya
None/No + Verb
Kata none/no berarti tidak ada. Apabila none/no berposisi
sebagai Subject kalimat, none/no bisa berbentuk jamak maupun tunggal, tergantung
pada kata benda yang mengikutinya. Perhatikan pedoman berikut.
1) None + of the + non-countable noun + singular verb
None of the information has been got by the application
None of the counterfeit money has been found.
2) None + of the + plural count noun + plural verb
None of the farners have tried the new fertilizer.
None of the students have submitted their tasks.
3) No + singular noun + singular verb
No example was given by the teacher.
No example is relevant to his case.
4) No + non-count noun + singular verb
No water is available.
No sand was provided to build houses.
5) No + plural noun + plural verb
No examples were given by the teacher.
No participants agree to the application of the rules.
No patients like the way the doctor treats them.
f. Kesesuaian antara Subject yang berupa Either..or.. and
..Neither + nor.Dengan Verb-nya.
Either..or.. + Verb
Neither nor.+ Verb
Subject kalimat yang berupa Either..or. atau berupa Neither.norakan sangat
dipengaruhi oleh keberadaan kata benda setelah or.. atau setelah
1) Jika kata benda setelah or atau nor adalah tunggal (singular), kata kerjanya juga tunggal
Neither Rony nor Rudy is going to the party today.
Either John or William likes dancing.
2) Jika kata benda setelah or atau nor adalah jamak (plural), kata kerjanya juga jamak.
Neither Rony nor her daughters are going to the party today.
Either John or all his daughters like dancing.
g. Kesesuaian antara Subject yang berupa Kata Benda Kolektif (collective noun)
dengan Verb.
1) Ada beberapa kata benda kolektif. Biasanya benda-benda tersebut dianggap tunggal. Oleh
karena itu, kata kerjanya juga harus tunggal. Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh kata benda
kolektif. Namun, ada pula benda-benda yang selalu berbentuk jamak sehingga kata kerjanya juga
harus jamak.
Family Club
Team Minority
Jury Congres
Committee Organization
Government Public
Crowd Army
The poor family has got fund from the readers of the newspapers.
Our team has become the winner of the competition.
The organization grows bigger this year.
The government has decided to stop the use of narcotics in the country.
2) Benda-benda yang menandakan kelompok binatang juga dianggap tunggal dan karena itu
kata kerjanya juga harus tunggal.
School of fish Sekelompok ikan
Pride of lions Sekawanan singa
Flock of birds, sheep Sekawanan burung, domba
Herd of cattle Sekelompok ternak
A flock of birds was flying to the south.
3) Benda-benda kolektif yang menandakan waktu, uang, dan ukuran yang digunakan secara
keseluruhan juga dianggap tunggal.
Thirty minutes is not enough time to finish the English test.
Ten kilometers is too much to run in one hour.
Thirty dollars is too expensive for this kind of tape recorder.
4) Ada benda-benda yang selalu dianggap jamak, kecuali di depannya ada frase a pair of
Tweezers Pliers
Jeans Shorts
Trousers Eyeglasses
Contoh kalimat:
The pliers were in the drawer.
The pair of pliers was in the drawer.
These scissors are very sharp.
This pair of scissors is very sharp.
5) Kalimat yang berawal There is/There are, Subject kalimatnya berada setelah kata kerja.
There is Singular subject/noun-count
There was
There has been

There are Plural

There were
There have been
There is a nice house near the bridge.
There was a big storm last night.
There have been many applicants coming to this office.
There was enough coffe for tomorrow