Anda di halaman 1dari 7

# CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO, AA: 2015-16

## Fire risk analysis of structures and

infrastructures: theory and
application in highway tunnels
Konstantinos Gkoumas, PhD, PE
Facolt di Ingegneria
Sapienza Universit di Roma

## Corso di Progettazione Strutturale Antincendio

Docente: Prof. Ing. Franco Bontempi

## www.francobontempi.org November 10 2015 1

CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

Outline
System approach to fire safety design

Risk analysis

Hazard analysis

Risk acceptance

Risk reduction

References

## Fire risk analysis of structures

www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 2
application in highway tunnels
CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

## (Fire) Risk Estimation*

*(following SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering)

## Provide answer to the following questions

1. What could happen?

## Fire risk analysis of structures

www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 6
application in highway tunnels
CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

What is risk?
Risk can be defined as the probability that the harm or damage from a particular
hazard is realized.
Risk is measured in terms of consequences and likelihood (a qualitative description
of probability or frequency). In mathematical terms risk can be defined as:
risk = f (frequency or probability, consequence) (1)
In the case of an activity with only one event with potential consequences, a risk (R)
is the probability (P) that this event will occur multiplied with the consequences (C)
given the event occurs:

R = PC (2)
The risk of a system is the sum of the risks of all harmful events of that system:

= (3)
=1

## Fire risk analysis of structures

www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 7
application in highway tunnels
CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

Risk types
Life safety risks are normally presented in two ways:
- Individual risk and
- Societal risk
Individual risk:
The purpose of the individual risk is to ensure that individuals in the society
are not exposed to unacceptably high risks. It can be defined as the risk to any
occupant on the scene for the event/hazard scenario i.e. it is the risk to an
individual and not to a group of people.
Societal risk:
Societal risk is not looking at one individual but is concerned with the risk of
multiple fatalities. People are treated as a group, there are no considerations
taken to the individuals within the group i.e. the definition of the risk is from a
societal point of view.
Source: Jnsson, 2007
Fire risk analysis of structures
www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 8
application in highway tunnels
CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

## What is risk analysis?

A big family of different approaches, methods
and complex models combining various
Systematic analysis of sequences and interaction
effects in potential accidents, thereby identifying
weak points in the system and recognizing
possible improvement measures
Risk analysis makes the quantification of risks
feasible
Fire risk analysis of structures
www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 9
application in highway tunnels
CORSO DI PROGETTAZIONE STRUTTURALE ANTINCENDIO

## Fire risk analysis of structures

www.francobontempi.org and infrastructures: theory and 10
application in highway tunnels