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Narrative Text (Teks Narasi)

1. Tujuan teks narrative adalah menghibur pendengar dengan cerita atau dongeng.
Biasanya teks ini mengandung pesan moral.

2. Struktur teks narrative terdiri atas:

a. orientation (pengenalan tokoh,waktu dan tempat kejadian),

b. complication (masalah dimana karakter utama terlibat) dan

c. resolution (akhir cerita yang berisi solusi masalah).

3. Ciri-ciri teks narrative:

a. Menggunakan nouns tertentu dan noun phrase.

b. Menggunakan connective, time conjuction dan adverbs of time.

c. Menggunakan saying verbs (said,told) dan thinking verbs, feeling verbs, verbs of
senses (she` was very tired and hungry).

d. Menggunakan simple past tense.

4. Jenis-jenis text narrative:

a) Fable (fabel): Cerita yang menggambarkan tentang binatang.

b) Legend (legenda): Cerita rakyat yang menggambarkan bagaimana asal usul suatu
tempat itu terjadi

c) Myth (mite): Cerita mitos ini banyak beredar dalam masyarakat dan umumnya
diaggap sebagi cerita faktual.
d) Fairy tales (dongeng): Cerita rakyat yang biasanya disebut sebagai dongeng atau
cerita anak-anak yang berisi banyak keajaiaban pada tokoh-tokoh ceritanya dan sering
mangandung pesan moral

e) Folk tale (cerita rakyat): Sebuah cerita yang dituturkan turun temurun sehingga
menjadi bagian dari tradisi suatu masyarakat

f) Love story : kalau cerita cinta ini lebih pada tema ceritanya yang berisi perjuangan
untuk mendapatkan cinta bagi tokoh cerita.

Contoh Teks Naratif:

1. Contoh Narrative Text Fable

Mouse deer And Crocodile

Once upon time there were a smart mouse deer. He lived near a river. The mouse deer
used to go to the river to drink. One day, the mouse deer was thirsty. He wanted to drink
in the river but he knew that crocodiles were staying and waiting underwater to eat him.
Hi thought hard and got bright idea. He said out loudly. I will put in my leg and find out
whether the water is warm or not Of course the mouse deer did not do what he said. He
did not put his leg but the mouse deer took a wood stick and put one end into the water.

Surely a crocodile grabbed the wood stick and pulled it underwater. Seeing that, the
mouse deer laughed and said Stupid crocodile! Cant you see the difference between a
wood stick and a leg? Then the mouse deer ran to another side of the river and drink
some water.

On the following day, the mouse deer was hungry. He wanted to eat some grass on
the side of the river so he had to to cross the dangerous river which was full of
crocodiles. Again he thought hard and found another smart idea and said loudly
Crocodiles come up! then some crocodiles rose from the water. They looked happy and
saw their sharp teeth and said Hello, Mouse Deer. Do you come to be my lunch? We are
hungry The mouse deer just smiled and replied. Sorry, Crocodiles, not today, I come to
you to bring an invitation from the king. You are invited to the party. The king ordered
me to count all crocodiles in this river so he knew how to prepare enough meal for you.

All the crocodiles felt happy and said Really? Tell us what to do, said a crocodile.
You have to line up from this side of the river to the other side, said the mouse deer.
Not long after that the crocodile got all his friends and family. He ordered to lined up
across the river. the mouse deer then jumped on the Crocodiles back. One, the mouse
deer counted. He jumped onto the next crocodile, Two. And he jumped again on the
next crocodile, Three. he kept jumping until he arrived on the other side of the river.
Just enough, said the mouse deer. I have counted all of you He laughed and ran to
the field of grass.

2. Contoh Narrative Text Legend

Sura and Baya

A long time ago, there were two animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was the name
of a shark and Baya was a crocodile. They lived in a sea.

Once Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly, Baya saw a goat.

Yummy, this is my lunch, said Baya.

No way! This is my lunch. You are greedy said Sura.

Then they fought for the goat. After several hours, they were very tired.
Feeling tired of fighting, they lived in the different places. Sura lived in the water and
Baya lived in the land. The border was the beach, so they would never fight again.
One day, Sura went to the land and looked for some food in the river. He was very
hungry and there was not much food in the sea. Baya was very angry when he knew that
Sura broke the promise.
They fought again. They both hit each other. Sura bit Bayas tail. Baya did the
same thing to Sura. He bit very hard until Sura finally gave up and Awent back to the sea.
Baya was happy.

3. Contoh Narrative Text Myth

Dewi Sri

Once upon a time, Batara Guru commanded all the gods and goddesses to
contribute their power in order to build a new palace. Anybody who disobeyed this
commandment were considered lazy and would lose their arms and legs.
Hearing the Batara Gurus commandment, Naga god was very anxious because he didnt
have arms or legs. He might not be able do the job. So he asked advice from Batara
Narada who was the younger brother of Batara Guru. Unfortunately Narada was also
confused. The Naga god became very upset.

While the Naga god was crying for his bad luck, three teardrops fell on the
ground. Not long after that, those teardrops became three beautiful shining eggs which
looked like jewels. Then Batara Narada advised him to offer those shining eggs to
Batara Guru.

With the three eggs in his mouth, the Naga god went to the Batara Gurus palace.
On the way, an eagle asked him a question. Surely Naga god could not answer the
question because he was holding the eggs in his mouth. Seeing that, the bird thought that
Naga god was arrogant and the bird attacked him.

Being attacked, one egg fell to earth. Then Naga god was hiding in the bushes but
the bird was waiting for him. The bird attacked for the second time and one egg fell
again. So Naga god only had one egg in his mouth. He kept moving to Batara Gurus

Finally Naga god arrived at the palace. He offered the egg to the Batara Guru.
And miraculously the egg hatched became a very beautiful baby girl. Naga god gave the
baby girl to the Batara Guru. The baby grew up into a beautiful girl and later known for
Dewi Sri.
4. Contoh Narrative Text Fairy Tales


Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her
step mother and two step sisters.

The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated
Cinderella very badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest works in the
house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for
the family. The two step sisters, on the other hand, did not work about the house. Their
mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.

One day, the two step sister received an invitation to the ball that the kings
son was going to give at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time
choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went
the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.
Why are crying, Cinderella? a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother
standing beside her, because I want so much to go to the ball said Cinderella. Well
said the godmother,youve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I
am going to see that you do go to the ball.

Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice
into a coachman and two footmen. Her godmother tapped Cinderellas raged dress with
her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass
slippers. Now, Cinderella, she said; You must leave before midnight. Then away she
drove in her beautiful coach.

Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. She danced again and again
with the kings son. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as
quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind.
A few days later, the king son proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted
the glass slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no
matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the kings page let Cinderella
try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted

Finally, she was driven to the palace. The kings son was overjoyed to see her
again. They were married and live happily ever after.

5. Contoh Narrative Text Folk Tale

Three Feathers

Once upon time There was a king who had three sons. The two son were clever. The
third son did not speak much so he was called Simpleton. When the king had become old, he
did not know which son should become the king.

Then he got a bright idea and said; Go forth, who brings me the most beautiful carpet
will be king after me. He blew three feathers in the air, and said: You should go as they
fly. One feather flew to the east, the second to the west, but the third flew straight up and did
not fly far.

So one brother went to the right, and the other to the left. Simpleton was sad because
his feather did not fly far. Then all at once he saw a trap-door close to the feather. He found
some steps, and went down the door. Then he came to another door, knocked at it. The door
opened, and he saw a fat toad sitting. She asked what he wanted. He answered; I should get
the prettiest and finest carpet in the world. Then she called a young toad; Bring me the
great box!

The young toad brought the box. The fat toad opened it, and gave simpleton a carpet
out of it. The carpet was so beautiful. So Simpleton thanked her, and brought it to the
kingdom. Meanwhile his brothers just got some coarse handkerchiefs from a shepherds
wives whom they had met. When the king saw Simpletons carpet he was very astonished and
said; Well, the kingdom belongs to the Simpleton. But his two brothers argued that it was
impossible that simpleton should be king, They asked the king to make a new agreement.
Then the father said; Who brings me the most beautiful ring will inherit the kingdom. He
blew three feathers, which they were to follow. Those of the two eldest again went east and
west, and simpletons feather flew straight up, and fell down near the trap-door. Again the fat
toad gave him a ring sparkled with jewels. Meanwhile his two brothers just got old carriage-
rings. However they did not cease from tormenting the king until he made a third condition.
So the king declared; Who brings the most beautiful woman home will be the king. He again
blew the three feathers into the air. Then Simpleton went down to the fat toad, and said; I am
to take home the most beautiful woman. The she gave him a yellow turnip which had been
hollowed out. Mournfully Simpleton said; What am I to do with it?. The toad answered;
Just put one of my little toads into it!. Then Simpleton seized one little toad and put her
into the yellow coach. Surprisingly the little toad turned into a beautiful maiden. So
Simpleton took her to the king. On the other hand, his brother brought peasant women to the

When the king saw the women he said; After my death the kingdom belongs to my
youngest son. But the two eldest brothers kept arguing that whose wife could leap through a
ring which hung in the center of the hall would be the king. The king agreed. Then the two
peasant women jumped through the ring but they fell which made their arms and legs broke.
On the other hand, the pretty maiden sprang through the ring as lightly as a deer which made
the two peasants ceased. So Simpleton received the crown and ruled wisely the kingdom.

6. Contoh Narrative Text Love Story

Let Me Love You

Once upon a time, there was once a guy who was very much in love with this girl. This
romantic guy folded 1,000 pieces of paper cranes as a gift to his girl. Although, at that time
he was just a small executive in his company, his future doesnt seem too bright, they were
very happy together. Until one day, his girl told him she was going to Paris and will never
come back.She also told him that she cannot visualize any future for the both of them, so lets
go their own ways there and then heartbroken, the guy agreed.
When he regained his confidence, he worked hard day and night, just to make something out
of himself. Finally with all these hard work and with the help of friends, this guy had set up
his own company
You never fail until you stop trying. he always told himself. I must make it in life! One
rainy day, while this guy was driving, he saw an elderly couple sharing an umbrella in the
rain walking to some destination. Even with the umbrella, they were still drenched. It didnt
take him long to realize those were his ex-girlfriends parents. With a heart in getting back at
them, he drove slowly beside the couple, wanting them to spot him in his luxury saloon. He
wanted them to know that he wasnt the same anymore, he had his own company, car, condo,
etc. He had made it in life!
Before the guy can realize, the couple was walking towards a cemetery, and he got out of his
car and followed themand he saw his ex girlfriend, a photograph of her smiling sweetly as
ever at him from her tombstone and he saw his precious paper cranes in a bottle placed
beside her tomb. Her parents saw him.He walked over and asked them why this had
happened. They explained that she did not leave for France at all. She was stricken ill with
cancer. In her heart, she had believed that he will make it someday, but she did not want her
illness to be his obstacle therefore she had chosen to leave him.
She had wanted her parents to put his paper cranes beside her, because, if the day comes
when fate brings him to her again, he can take some of those back with him. The guy just

Jenis-jenis Text Bahasa Inggris

By learningself Categories : Jenis text bahasa Inggris

Kinds of text in English, macam-macam text dalam bahasa Inggris, which are commonly
studied in high school are:


Tujuan teks narratives adalah menghibur pendengar dengan cerita atau

dongeng. Biasanya teks ini mengandung pesan moral.

Struktur teks narrative terdiri atas orientation (pengenalan tokoh,waktu dan

tempat kejadian), complication (masalah dimana karakter utama terlibat) dan
resolution (akhir cerita yang berisi solusi masalah).

Teks narrative dapat ditemukan pada folktales, fable, legend, myth, science
fiction atau historical fiction. Ciri-ciri teks narrative:

1. Menggunakan nouns tertentu dan noun phrase.

2. Menggunakan connective, time conjuction dan adverbs of time.

3. Menggunakan saying verbs (said,told) dan thinking verbs, feeling verbs, verbs
of senses (she` was very tired and hungry).

4. Menggunakan simple past tense.


Once upon a time, there was a poor farmer living with his wife. One day, he went
to the nest of his goose to look for an egg. Suddenly, he was surprised, it was
because he found a golden egg. It was weird. Then, he took it and hurried home
to show his wife. Every day after that, his `goose laid a golden egg. The farmer
and his wife were very happy and soon became a rich `family. However, the
farmer became greedy. One day, he thought that if he killed the goose, he
`would find all of its treasure at once. So, he killed the goose and cut it open.
Inside of the goose, `he found nothing. Poor he!


Tujuan teks recount yaitu untuk menceritakan /melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian,

pengalaman atau kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lalu, contohnya liburan ke suatu

Struktur teks recount terdiri atas orientation (siapa yang terlibat dalam peristiwa;
kapan dan dimana peristiwa itu terjadi) dan events (urutan kejadian). Kadang
terdapat reorientation yang berisi kesimpulan dari peristiwa tersebut.

Ciri-ciri teks recount:

1. Menggunakan simple past tense.

2. Menggunakan temporal connectives untuk mengurutkan peristiwa.

3. Menggunakan pelaku individu atau grup, misalnya I atau we.


I experienced an interesting holiday. My parents and I visited grandmas house at

a small village. I was very happy because I missed her so much. My interesting
experience began when I had to take a bath. You know what happened? My
grandma only had a well and opened bathroom. I didnt want to take a bath
there, but my parents forced me. Oh, I felt ashamed. Next, guess what? There
was no restroom and I, really, needed to go there. But my grandma asked me to
go to the river behind our home. Thats my embarrasing experience.Well,
because of that I asked my father to make a bathroom and restroom inside of my
grandmas house.


Teks news item bertujuan untuk memberitahukan informasi kepada pembaca

tentang peristiwa yang dianggap penting atau layak dijadikan berita.

Struktur teks news item terdiri atas newsworthy events (menceritakan kejadian
pada intinya), background events (berisi latar belakang peristiwa, meliputi uraian
kejadian secara terperinci, siapa yang terlibat, tempat, waktu dan lain-lain), dan
source (berisi sumber informasi /komentar dari saksi, orang yang terlibat atau
pendapat ahli dalam bidangnya).

Ciri-ciri teks news item:

1. Menggunakan judul, headline yang menuangkan informasi singkat.

2. Menggunakan action verbs (admitted, abused).

3. Menggunakan saying verbs (said).

4. Menggunakan kalimat pasif /passive voice (A supervisor was jailed).


Good morning, listeners. Im Linda and youre listening to Headline News in Sky
FM. The newsworthy event comes from our country.

Five scuba divers from Britain, France, and Sweden have been missing for more
than three days in sea. Two British women, a British man and a French
disappeared on Thursday in the treacherous waters of Komodo National Park in
Nusa Tenggara islands, east of Bali. Police said that a rescue team from
Indonesian Police and Navy had conducted a search, but there had been no
result so far. Were waiting for the next news. Okay, listeners, thats the news for


Tujuan teks report adalah mendeskripsikan/ melaporkan sesuatu apa adanya.

Teks ini merupakan hasil pengamatan, penelitian tentang fenomena alam, sosial
dan budaya (natural or non natural).

Struktur teks report terdiri atas general classification (pernyataan umum meliputi
subjek laporan dan klasifikasinya) dan description (deskripsi yang meliputi
qualities, parts and their functions, habits/behaviors, dan uses (kegunaan)
apabila subjeknya non natural (tidak hidup)).

Ciri-ciri teks report antara lain: menerangkan general nouns sebagai subjeknya.
Misalnya birds, komodoes, orchids menggunakan simple present tense (jika
belum punah), tidak perlu time sequence words / tidak perlu urut, menggunakan
relating verbs (is, are, has, have), dan menggunakan istilah teknis khusus,
misalnya tree (pohon): stem, root, branch.


Have you seen girrafes? Well, girrafes are the tallest animals. They belong to
mammals since they bear their babies. They also belong to herbivores. It is
because they feed on green plants. The special characteristuc of them is that
they have long necks and horns.

Tujuan teks procedure adalah member petunjuk cara melakukan sesuatu melalui
serangkaian tindakan atau langkah.

Struktut teks Procedure:

1. Title /Goal = Judul / Tujuan Kegiatan

2. Clasification/ Definition (optional), Keterangan tentang subject laporan

dan klasifikasinya ( Bisa ada, bisa tidak)

3. List Of Materials ( Daftar Bahan-Bahan)

4. Steps, Langkah-l;angkah kerja /kegiatan

Teks procedure adalah teks yang menyampaikan tentang tata cara

melakukan sesuatu. Cara penulisannya pada umumnya dalam bentuk poin
per poin.

Struktur dari teks procedure, yaitu:

1. Tujuan kegiatan

2. Bahan-bahan

3. Langkah-langkah


1. Present Tense

2. Imperatives Sentences (Kalimat Perintah). Misal: Cut, Dont mix , dsb.

3. Temporal Sequences (First, Next, then, after that Finally)

4. Action Verbs. Misal: turn, put, Dont, dsb.

5. Connection (kata hubung) untuk mengurutkan kejadian

6. Adverbial untuk menyatakan rinci waktu, tempat, cara yang akurat. Misal: for five minutes

2 centimeters from the top, dsb.

Contoh teks procedure:

How to Make Orange Tea

Ingredients: 1 orange, sweet tea, soda drink (use uncoloured soda), and

Utensils: Jug, knife, spoon, and drinking glass.


1. Cut the orange into circle shapes, try to cut it thinly.

2. Put the cut orange and ice into jug.

3. Pour the soda drink into the jug.

4. Add the already prepared sweet tea.

5. Stir the ingredients in the jug well.

6. After pouring the orange tea in a glass, you can decorate the brim of the
glass with left over orange pieces.

VI. Descriptive: Menggambarkan cirri-ciri seseorang, benda atau tempat tertentu




1. Identification: Pengenalan benda, orang, sesuatu yang akan dideskripsikan

2. Description : Menggambarkan cirri khusus, misalnya, asalnya darimana,

warna, ukuran, kesukaan, penampilan, tingkah laku dsbnya dari sesuatu
yang dibahas saja.


1. Menggunakan present tense

2. Kalimat passive

3. Noun tertentu, misalnya: teacher, my cat, my house

4. Detailed Noun Phrase: memberikan informasi tentang subyek, adjective
yang bersifat describing,numbering, classifying, misalnya two strong legs

Contoh Text Descriptive:

My Timmy

I have some pets. However, my favorite pet is Timmy. Timmy is a male cat. he is

adorable with his soft stripes fur. He has innocent round eyes and a sweet voice.

always meaows when he feels hungry. Actually, his voice is not suitable for his

body. When I come home, he usually gives me a kiss. Timmy is a nice playmate.

happy to spend my time with him. Most of the time, he is a good boy. It is almost

impossible for me to be angry with him. In the morning, he always wakes up


When he wakes up earlier, he waits quietly by my bed until I wake up.


Jenis-Jenis Teks dalam Bahasa Inggris

1. Descriptive dan Procedure

a. Descriptive


Teks descriptive adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk

menggambarkan sebuah objek nyata (orang, tempat ataupun hal


Memberikan informasi kepada pembaca mengenai ciri-ciri

seseorang, benda atau tempat tertentu secara detail agar
pembaca merasa seolah-olah melihat sendiri objek yang
digambarkan tersebut.

Struktur Teks

- Pengenalan/Identification : ciri-ciri seseorang, benda atau tempat

tertentu yang akan dideskripsikan,

- Deskripsi/Description : menggambarkan ciri-ciri seseorang, benda

atau tempat tersebut dengan lebih detail dan khusus (seperti
bentuk, ukuran, warna, dsb.)

b. Procedure


Teks yang menjelaskan cara membuat atau melakukan sesuatu dengan runut, misalnya teks
Resep Kue Nastar.


Memberi petunjuk kepada pembaca untuk melakukan sesuatu melalui serangkaian langkah.

Struktur Teks

- Tujuan/Goal/Aim

- Bahan/Alat/Materials/Tools

- Langkah/Steps/Methods.

Recount dan Report



Teks yang menceritakan kembali kejadian yang telah terjadi, dengan menggunakan
keterangan waktu yang jelas pada masa lampau


Untuk menceritakan kembali suatu kejadian, peristiwa atau kegiatan di masa lampau kepada
pembaca, dengan tujuan memberitakan ataupun menghibur

Struktur Teks
- Pendahuluan/Orientation (memberi informasi mengenai tokoh pelaku atau benda yang
terlibat di dalamnya)

- Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi (biasanya disampaikan secara urut)/Event

- Kesimpulan dari rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi/Reorientation (tidak harus selalu ada pada
teks Recount)



Teks Report hampir sama dengan Descriptive, namun di teks Report ini lebih memberikan
gambaran umum tidak sedetail Descriptive.


Untuk memberikan informasi kepada pembaca mengenai suatu hal apa adanya, sebagai hasil
pengamatan sistematis atau analisis.

Struktur Teks

- Klasifikasi umum/General classification (pengenalan fenomena atau benda yang akan

dibicarakan dengan pernyataan umum)

- Deskripsi/Description (uraian atau gambaran bagian-bagian yang umum)




Teks yang menceritakan suatu kejadian mengikuti alur waktu.


Menghibur pembaca dengan kejadian nyata, seolah-olah pembaca mengalami sendiri

kejadian tersebut.

Struktur Teks

- Pengenalan latar (tokoh, waktu dan tempat)/Orientation

- Pengembangan konflik/Complication
- Penyelesaian konflik/Reorientation

- Pelajaran yang dapat dipetik oleh pembaca/Reorientation

Jenis-Jenis Teks dalam Bahasa Inggris

Sama seperti bahasa Indonesia, dalam bahasa Inggris terdapat macam-macam jenis teks, yaitu
Descriptive, Procedure, Narative, Recount dan Report. Tiap teks memiliki tujuan dan struktur
teks yang berbeda

Jenis-jenis text dalam Bahasa Inggris

Purpose: To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Complication
3. Resolution
4. Reorientation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Chronologically arranged

Purpose: to retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Event(s)
3. Reorientation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adjectives
Narrative and recount in some ways are similar. Both are telling something in the past so
narrative and recount usually apply PAST TENSE; whether Simple Past Tense, Simple Past
Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Tense. The ways narrative and recount told are in
chronological order using time or place. Commonly narrative text is found in story book;
myth, fable, folklore, etc while recount text is found in biography.
The thing that makes narrative and recount different is the structure in which they are
constructed. Narrative uses conflicts among the participants whether natural conflict, social
conflict or psychological conflict. In some ways narrative text combines all these conflicts. In
the contrary, we do not find these conflicts inside recount text. Recount applies series of
event as the basic structure

Purpose: to describe a particular person, place or thing in detail.
Dominant Generic Structure:
1. Identification
2. Description
Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adverb
4. Using special technical terms

Purpose: to presents information about something, as it is.
Generic Structure
1. General classification
2. Description
Dominant Language Feature
1. Introducing group or general aspect
2. Using conditional logical connection
3. Using Simple Present Tense

Purpose: To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-
cultural phenomena.
Generic Structure:
1. General statement
2. Explanation
3. Closing
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verbs
3. Using passive voice
4. Using noun phrase
5. Using adverbial phrase
6. Using technical terms
7. Using general and abstract noun
8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.
Purpose: To reveal the readers that something is the important case
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis
2. Arguments
3. Reiteration/Conclusion
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using modals
2. Using action verbs
3. Using thinking verbs
4. Using adverbs
5. Using adjective
6. Using technical terms
7. Using general and abstract noun
8. Using connectives/transition

Purpose: to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis
2. Arguments
3. Recommendation
Dominant Language features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using modals
3. Using action verbs
4. Using thinking verbs
5. Using adverbs
6. Using adjective
7. Using technical terms
8. Using general and abstract noun
9. Using connectives/transition
Then what is the basic difference between analytical and hortatory exposition. In simple
word. Analytical is the answer of How is/will while hortatory is the answer of How
should. Analytical exposition will be best to describe How will student do for his
examination? The point is the important thing to do. But for the question How should
student do for his exam? will be good to be answered with hortatory. It is to convince that
the thing should be done

Purpose: to help readers how to do or make something completely
Generic Structure:
1. Goal/Aim
2. Materials/Equipments
3. Steps/Methods
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using Imperatives sentence
3. Using adverb
4. Using technical terms
Purpose: to present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue
(For/Pros and Against/Cons)
Generic Structure:
1. Issue
2. Arguments for and against
3. Conclusion
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Use of relating verb/to be
3. Using thinking verb
4. Using general and abstract noun
5. Using conjunction/transition
6. Using modality
7. Using adverb of manner

Purpose: to critique or evaluate an art work or event for a public audience
dominant Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Evaluation
3. Interpretative Recount
4. Evaluation
5. Evaluative Summation
Dominant Language features:
1. Focus on specific participants
2. Using adjectives
3. Using long and complex clauses
4. Using metaphor

Purpose: to share with others an account of an unusual or amusing incident
Generic Structure:
1. Abstract
2. Orientation
3. Crisis
4. Reaction
5. Coda.
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using exclamations, rhetorical question or intensifiers
2. Using material process
3. Using temporal conjunctions

Purpose: to tell an event with a humorous twist and entertain the readers
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Event(s)
3. Twist
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adverb
4. Chronologically arranged

Purpose: to inform readers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or
Dominant Generic Structure:
1. Newsworthy event(s)
2. Background event(s)
3. Sources
Dominant Language Features:
1. Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
2. Using action verbs
3. Using saying verbs
4. Using adverbs : time, place and manner.


Definisi Dan Penjelasan Tentang Macam-Macam Text Dalam Bahasa

Inggris Beserta Dengan Contoh

Berikut ini akan kita bahas penjelasan mengenai text dalam bahasa inggris yang harus
sahabat KBI tau, text dalam bahasa inggris tersebut berjumlah sekitar 13 text. Seperti apa
kira-kira? Check this out!

Descriptive text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang digunakan untuk
menggambarkan suatu objek dalam bahasa inggris.

Generic Structure Descriptive Text

Identification : Yaitu berisi penggambaran secara singkat mengenai objek

yang akan kita amati

Description : Yaitu berisi deskripsi mengenai objek yang kita amati.

Narrative text merupakan sebuah text yang berfungsi untuk menceritakan sebuah kisah di
masa lampau dan bertujuan sebagai hiburan.
Generic Structure Narrative Text

Orientation : Yaitu berisi pegenalan cerita yang akan di angkat,

pengenalan tempat dan tokoh dalam cerita.

Complication : Yaitu berisi kisah yang terjadi pada cerita tersebut.

biasanya juga ditandai dengan munculnya sebuah konflik dalam cerita.

Resolution : Yaitu babak akhir pada cerita yang biasanya ditandai dengan
selesainya sebuah konflik dalam cerita

Coda : Pada bagian ini terdapat kesimpulan dalam cerita.

Merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berisi mengenai sebuah informasi yang
disajikan dalam bentuk tulisan. Informasi tersebut bisa tentang apa saja yang terjadi.

Generic Structure Report Text

General Classification : Berisi klasifikasi secara umum mengenai sesuatu

yang akan kita laporkan.

Description : Pada bagian ini penulis mulai mendeskripsikan apa yang

sebenarnya terjadi.

Recount text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk menjelaskan
cerita di masa lalu. Oleh sebab itu, recount text berbentuk past tense atau lampau.

Generic Structure Recount Text

Orientation : Yaitu berupa paragraf pembuka dari suatu text, biasanya

berisi pengenalan terlebih dahulu.

Events : Yaitu mulai menceritakan peristiwa atau pengalaman apa yang

sudah dialami.

Reorentation : Yaitu berisi kesimpulan terhadap sesuatu tersebut.

Procedure text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk
menjelaskan cara atau tahap membuat sesuatu baik benda atau yang lainya.
Generic Structure Procedure Text

Aim : disini penulis mulai memaparkan tujuan dari proses pembuatan

sesuatu tersebut.

Materials : Yaitu berisi barang-barang atau benda apa yang akan

digunakan untuk membuat.

Steps : Yaitu langkah dalam pembuatan nya.

Announcement merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk
memberikan informasi akan suatu hal kepada khalayak ramai.

Generic Structure Announcement Text

The Tittle : yaitu berisi tema atau judul mengenai informasi yang akan kita

Date, Time, Place : Berisi tanggal, waktu dan tempat dilaksanakanya event
atau informasi mengenai sesuatu tersebut.

Contact Person ; Yaitu berisi nomor telpon atau e-mail yang dapat di

Advertisement merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk
mempromosikan suatu produk iklan tertentu.

Tidak ada aturan tertentu dalam pembuatan sebuah iklan, namun biasanya iklan yang bagus
memenuhi persyaratan sebagai berikut :





Menggunakan slogan yang menarik.

Review text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk memberikan
komentar atau evaluasi mengenai suatu produk tertentu.

Generic Structure Review Text

Orientation : yaitu berisi pengenalan mengenai sesuatu yang akan kita

review tersebut.

Interpretation : Yaitu berisi interprestasi atau penilaian terhadap produk

yang akan kita review.

Evaluation : yaitu berisi evaluasi dan komentar terhadap sesuatu hal.

Explanation text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk
menjelaskan terjadinya suatu hal secara jelas dan lengkap.

Generic Structure Explanation Text

Tittle : yaitu berisi judul atau tema yang akan kita jelaskan.

Definition : yaitu berisi definisi terhadap text tersebut.

Description : yaitu berisi deskripsi terhadap sesuatu hal tersebut

Process : yaitu berisi penjelasan mengenai proses yang terjadi.

Application : yaitu berisi pengaplikasian nya atau penerapanya.

Anecdote merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk menceritakan
hal-hal ganjil yang terjadi pada masa lampau. Anecdote berfungsi untuk memberikan hiburan
kepada pembacanya.

Generic Structure Anecdote Text

Abstract : yaitu awal cerita terjadinya suatu peristiwa

Orientation : Yaitu penulis mulai memperkenalkan setting atau latar

terjadinya suatu peristiwa.

Crisis : yaitu berisi keganjalan yang terjadi pada cerita tersebut.

Reaction : disini penulis mulai mengakhiri keganjilan yang terjadi.

Coda : berisi kesimpulan atau amanat dalam cerita.

Spoof text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk menjelaskan
peristiwa atau kejadian lucu pada masa lampau.

Generic Structure Spoof Text

Orientation : yaitu berisi pengenalan terhadap cerita tersebut

Event : yaitu penjabaran akan cerita yang akan diceritakan

Twist : yaitu ending atau akhir dari cerita tersebut.


News item merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk menyajikan
sebuah berita. Tujuan nya yaitu untuk memberikan informasi yang terjadi.

Generic Structure News Item

Main event : yaitu berisi berita utama mengenai suatu hal yang terjadi.

Background : yaitu berisi dari mana peristiwa tersebut terjadi

Source : yaitu sumber dari mana berita tersebut berasal.

Discussion text merupakan sebuah text dalam bahasa inggris yang berfungsi untuk
memaparkan suatu diskusi atau perdebatan akan suatu tema atau masalah yang terjadi.

Generic Structure Discussion Text

Issue : yaitu mengangkat tentang isu yang terjadi saat ini

Arguments : yaitu berisi alasan-alasan mengenai tema yang di bahas.

Elaboration : yaitu mengungkapkan pendapat mana yang akan dipilih

Conclusion : yaitu berisi kesimpulan terhadap tema yag sedang diangkat.

Bagaimana sahabat KBI sudah dapat memahami dengan baik bukan penjelasan dan generic
structure mengenai text tersebut? semoga bermanfaat ya

Simak juga kumpulan materi KBI yang lainnya :

Pengertian, Perbedaan, Penggunaan Accept Dan Receive Dalam

Kalimat Beserta Contohnya

Pengertian Dan Bentuk Relative Adverb Beserta Contoh Disertai

Soal Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian, Perbedaan Dan Penggunaan Different, Difference,

Differentiate Beserta Contoh Dalam Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian, Perbedaan, Penggunaan Dan Contoh Should, Ought

To, Had Better Dalam Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

Perbedaan, Persamaan Dan Contoh Anecdote vs Spoof Text

Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Pengertian, Fungsi, Ciri Dan Generic Structure Analytical

Exposition Beserta Contoh Dalam Kalimat Bahasa Inggris

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Posted in English TextTagged #analytical exposition text, #anecdote text, #apa

itu text dalam bahasa inggris?, #contoh explanation text, #contoh hortatory
exposition, #contoh macam macam text dalam bahasa inggris, #definisi text
dalam bahasa inggris, #descriptive text, #exposition text dalam bahasa inggris,
#hortatory exposition text, #hortatory text, #jenis jenis teks bahasa inggris
beserta contohnya, #jenis text bahasa inggris, #macam macam text dalam
bahasa inggris, #macam-macam genre text bahasa inggris, #perbedaan text
dalam bahasa inggris, #spoof text, Explanation text, narrative text

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