Método de resolução de questões de física.

© All Rights Reserved

15 tayangan

Método de resolução de questões de física.

© All Rights Reserved

- physicsstandards
- Research Title
- Selection Criteria Response Examples 1
- Social Medea - News from Triarchy Press November 2009
- mastering the rockefeller habits
- Final Project SCI Ss
- Pfizer Case Study Imaginatik Front End Vienna 2008 v7
- Research Methods Chapter 1
- UoS Outline BUSS3500 SUM JAN 2014 Approved
- behavioural_skills-4.pdf
- Assignment Basic Math (Luxor)
- Diverse Learners Final
- MildaRizkyNovriani-EdySurya
- Behavioural Skills
- Rakesh CV
- 3 - 5 - Week 2 - 5 Conservation Laws (12-10)
- Rubric-in.pptx
- tutoring-lesson plan i
- Why Use Role
- dewey color test

Anda di halaman 1dari 15

Problem-Solving Guide

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

The
problem
with
Physics
1
(Mechanics)
........................................................................................
3

2

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

How many times have you come across a homework problem like this:

Minister, Winston Churchill:

I wrote my name at the top of the page. I wrote down the number of

the question 1. After much reflection, I put a bracket round it thus

(1). But thereafter I could not think of anything with it that was

either relevant or true.

The truth is, no one ever showed us how to solve physics problems.

3

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

The professor gets up there, throws out a bunch of concepts and example problems and

then were left to figure out the rest.

But what we dont realize is that learning the approach, the methodology of breaking

down and working through practice problems, is far more important than learning the

actual material itself.

Get the right approach down, and any concept, from Newtons laws to centripetal

acceleration to harmonic oscillation, becomes manageable dare I say even

straightforward.

This template is meant to make your Physics life easier in 3 ways:

2. To guide you into building your Physics Intuition using subtle cues

3. To train you to efficiently dissect and solve homework and exam problems

quickly, with as little frustration as possible

Learn the process of breaking down difficult problems, and teasing apart their structure.

This will help you grasp how to attack the problems themselves, as well as guide you

towards a deeper understanding of the underlying concepts and equations.

Then, build your repetition, solving a diverse and difficult set of practice problems for

each concept area. Youll want to make this as automatic as possible, so that come

midterms you can perform under the pressure.

Once you have the process down, go free-form. Put the template aside and let it ride.

You can return to it for new types of problems, or when you need a re-fresher, but at this

point youll have internalized the steps so well that you can virtually see them in your head.

4

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

First, get your head around the problem.

As youre already too familiar, practice problems are typically presented in hieroglyphic-like

jargon like this one below.

How many times did you just read those 4 sentences? Dont lie

What you should do though, is put it into your own words, as simply as possible.

In this case Ive written out the problem statement as one bullet point to cover the specifics

of the situation (initial speed, height, and speed constraint), and one bullet point to cover

the actual question.

Now that weve got the problem in a slightly more understandable form, lets move on to

figuring out what exactly were supposed to do here.

5

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

This is the single most important step in solving any Physics problem!

Done incorrectly, you can send yourself down a rabbit-hole of convoluted and irrelevant

equations, algebra, and nonsensical answers that will have you pulling out your hair while

simultaneously fighting off the urge to flip over your desk in a hulk-like rage.

Done correctly, and it will ease your nerves and will virtually guarantee at least 50% credit

on the problem (assuming youre at least vaguely familiar with the material).

To do the job, we need to probe a little deeper into what the question is asking for in

our plain-English problem statement from Step (1).

When their speed is greater than the limit shown on the road. Here thats 70 km/hr at the

bottom of the hill.

Okay, we need to figure out how fast the car will be going at the bottom of the hill, and then

compare that speed to the 70 km/hr limit.

If its over 70, well get a ticket (assuming in this case the cop is a total ass). If its under,

were good to go.

6

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

Remember back in 2nd grade, when the teacher would pose a question to the class, and 5

different kids would shout out literally the first thing they could think of.

dont just yell out anything. Think! Use your brain. Dont be lazy.

Guessing, as it actually turns out, is a fine art that activates your brain prior to starting

a problem, allowing you to link your existing knowledge to new information, better solidify

that info in your long-term memory, and to later test your solution against your gut-feel (this

is how Physics Intuition begins to develop).

tentative conclusion these are the most valuable coin of the thinker

at work.

~Jerome Seymour Bruner

So, go from the gut. Take a stab at whatever you think the answer is, even if it

doesnt make any sense how you got there.

Here, Ive boldly leapt to the conclusion that no, a ticket will not be issued. Fifteen

meters doesnt seem like that much of a drop, so maybe youll get up to around 50

km/hr from 30.

7

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

Now lets break down the problem even further and convert words into a sketch.

Its important here not to just use or copy the picture provided with the problem statement.

Drawing it yourself helps to personalize the information, and better solidify the lay-of-the-

land (again helping to build experience for your Physics Intuition).

Images also contain a significant amount more information than text, and are much more

easily processed in the brain. If youve ever said, Nah Ill just wait for it to come out as a

movie, you know what Im talking about.

Now keep in mind, this is not art class. Were looking for a purely functional picture of the

situation. So dont spend time making it pretty, just get it done.

Key components:

As you can see below, taken from Step (1) Ive drawn my awesome hot-rod

starting at the top of the hill moving to the right, descending down the hill and

coasting at the bottom.

2. Labels

Along with the car and hill, Ive included the important variables (! , , ! ) again

pulled from my statement in Step (1), along with their actual values if given by the

problem. These will be expanded on in Step (5).

Last, I threw in a 70 kph speed limit sign to represent the constraint I need to

check my final answer against.

8

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

(5) Variables

How many times have you F-ed up a problem because of units?

Well its time to end that shit once and for all. This single step will ensure that you never

flush exam points down the toilet again because you couldnt convert ! into ! at the

end of a problem (and we all know whatever old curmudgeonly writer came up with those

practice problems intentionally uses weird units just to screw with us because, lets be

honest, its the only enjoyment he gets out of his day).

First, lay out all of your defined variables given by Step (1) and labeled in Step (4). Ive

done this below with ! , , and ! .

For your undefined variables, put a question mark youll have to solve for these.

The variable came later when I realized I needed it (you can always come back and

update Step (5) as you start to solve).

Now, IMPORTANT before you move on, make sure all of your units are shown in

terms of meters (m ), seconds (s ), and kilograms (kg ).

Dont ask my why, just do it. Somebody decided at some point that these were the

standard units to use. So every other important unit in Mechanics is derived from these

three.

9

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

Okay now youve got the problem defined in your own terms, youve sketched it out and

have a picture of the situation in your mind, and have identified the variables involved in

the problem.

What next?

Most students, at this point, start whipping out any and all equations they remotely

recognize as related to the variables theyve written down plugging in left and right,

desperately hoping that at some point a numeric answer will pop out the other side.

These three types of diagrams free-body, torque, and energy state are extremely

powerful ways of discovering which equations will lead you towards your answer. Any time

invested in this step now, will save you 2x time later on trying to figure out how everything

fits together.

Free-body/Torque diagram

particular body, that takes advantage of Newtons 2nd Law ( = ). (The torque

diagram is basically an FBD applied to a rotation problem.)

Now, some problems will require you to look at interactions between different forces on an

object, some wont. This is always happening in any physical interaction, but its not always

relevant to the problem at hand.

Below is an example of a FBD for a different problem, in which force balance is more

relevant.

10

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

Based on this diagram, constructing a set of force balance equations in Step (6) becomes

relatively straightforward.

However, in cases like the car example were working on, no information is directly given

about the forces involved. An FBD could be a valid approach, and may be worthwhile to

sketch out, but is there a better way to represent the problem? (Hint: there is.)

Force and torque diagrams result in a set of kinematics (study of motion) equations.

The energy state diagram results in a set of kinetics (study of energy) equations, which

take advantage of the Law of Conservation of Energy.

In this problem, were comparing two different energy states: E1, when the car is at the top

of the hill, and
E2, when the car reaches the bottom of the hill. We know that because

energy is conserved, we can compare the total energy of both of these states to generate

a useful set of equations in Step (7).

Whats awesome about this diagram is that you can map any number of states within a

given problem, and the total energies of those states have to be equal if energy is

conserved.

So in this case, the energy associated with the car moving at 35 kph at a height of 15 m

(E1) ends up being equal to the energy associated with the car moving at its final velocity

at a height of 0 m (E2).

Bottom line: use these diagrams to further dissect the situation and pave the way for

the equations youll use, rather than blindly plucking them out of your textbook.

11

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

(7) Equations

Ahh equations

The very first thing we tend to write on our paper, and the very last thing we glimpse before

giving up, crumpling the half-empty sheet into a tight ball, and throwing it at our

unsuspecting roommate in a fit of rage.

Here in Step (7) well save you from yourself, and pull together the information youve

put together in Steps (2), (5), and (6) to get you a set of expertly chose equations that

will set you up for a successful solving attempt.

Keeping in mind what the problem is ultimately looking for, use your diagrams to

construct the basic relationships that hold for your particular problem.

In this case, equation #1 is simply conservation of energy between energy state 1 and

energy state 2. The second equation expands that total energy E into the sum of potential

and kinetic mechanical energy. The 3rd and 4th equations describe the potential and kinetic

energy in terms of the variables were working with in this problem.

I did not look them up in the textbook.

I did pull from my memory the most basic relationship I could think of while looking at my

energy state diagram in Step (6) and trying to figure out how to incorporate ! , , and ! .

Its okay if youre not sure if your list is complete.

Just put down what you think will hold for the problem, and make sure you have your

variables covered.

We can always return to this step once weve made a solving attempt.

12

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

(8) Solve

Okay this is where the magic happens where all of your work breaking down the problem

pays off. Begin by selecting from your set of equations put together in Step (7), and

attempt to work towards the variable you need to solve for.

Dont plug in any numbers yet, were working in the symbolic world here.

By working through all the steps symbolically (all variables, no numbers), its (1) much less

likely that youll make a calculation error, and (2) the TA grading your homework or exam

will be much more likely to award you partial credit if you had it right, but just made a small

algebra error.

In this case, starting from 1 = 2, were able to plug in for PE and KE for each, and use

some algebra to get ! by itself.

Page 2 of the template also includes additional space if needed (oh how we all love

unnecessarily complex algebra).

Your final equation should solve for the unknown variable, and should all be in terms of

known variables.

If you still have some unknowns in there, dont panic simply back-track to your diagrams

and equations and try to generate an additional relationship or two that you didnt

recognize the first time around.

13

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

(9) Plug in

Finally! Youre there.

Because youve already converted all of your units correctly per Step (5), you can simply

throw your numbers in there as-is. (See how much better life is now?)

Now just make sure the units in your final answer agree with those asked for by the

problem. In this case, we needed to convert back to km/hr to get to our final answer.

And BAM, there you have it. Final answer.

Now, one final step How did we do on our guess in Step (3)?

Well looks like we were off. We ended up gaining ~36 km/hr over our 15 m drop more

than we thought. Our guess of 50 km/hr has cost us dearly, in the form of a check out to

our highways finest.

But what weve gained is some insight into how energy tradeoffs work, how powerful

gravity is, and how you might go about building the worlds fastest roller coaster

Feel your Physics Intuition grow with each successive problem. And may the force of

mechanics-midterm-kickassery be with you

14

HACKING PHYSICS Mechanics Problem-Solving Guide

What now?

Have questions? Feedback?

Want to tell your prof. to shove-it because you never knew how simple it could be??

Or check out tons more learning strategies, problem-solving tactics, and practice problem

solutions at http://wtfprofessor.com.

And if youve found this guide useful please, share it far and wide, and help fight back

against the needless agony experienced by college Physics students everywhere.

*Note: example problem on Page 5 taken from Knights Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A

Strategic Approach with Modern Physics (2nd Edition)

15

- physicsstandardsDiunggah olehapi-326954470
- Research TitleDiunggah olehCj Cao
- Selection Criteria Response Examples 1Diunggah olehNicholas Jimenez
- Social Medea - News from Triarchy Press November 2009Diunggah olehTriarchy Press
- mastering the rockefeller habitsDiunggah olehAmobi T Ndubuisi
- Final Project SCI SsDiunggah olehPaul Hitoshi Elsmore
- Pfizer Case Study Imaginatik Front End Vienna 2008 v7Diunggah olehSumit Pol
- Research Methods Chapter 1Diunggah olehkhalidnovo
- UoS Outline BUSS3500 SUM JAN 2014 ApprovedDiunggah olehTecwyn Lim
- behavioural_skills-4.pdfDiunggah olehPragati Vatsa
- Assignment Basic Math (Luxor)Diunggah olehKhairul Imran
- Diverse Learners FinalDiunggah olehjschlueter18
- MildaRizkyNovriani-EdySuryaDiunggah olehisaac e ochigbo
- Behavioural SkillsDiunggah olehAjay Prakash Verma
- Rakesh CVDiunggah olehRakesh Sahoo
- 3 - 5 - Week 2 - 5 Conservation Laws (12-10)Diunggah olehAndre Luiz
- tutoring-lesson plan iDiunggah olehapi-297788513
- Rubric-in.pptxDiunggah olehGANDI LEXTER LUPIAN
- Why Use RoleDiunggah olehSarah Abu Talib
- dewey color testDiunggah olehapi-266289235
- situation analysis.docxDiunggah olehPaul M J
- The Research Process - T1.pptDiunggah olehBoy
- design processDiunggah olehapi-279719528
- chapter take aways 1-14Diunggah olehapi-307989771
- radiationbucketDiunggah olehapi-328231080
- gtm-fashionfulllessonDiunggah olehmohammed
- personality quiz clc 11Diunggah olehapi-344973256
- 2634e320-a065-4bf4-8404-f5a898e89518_TUD_Creative Problem Solving and Decision Making_2019_March.pdfDiunggah olehvenkatdeepakvb
- Balanced Force.pdfDiunggah olehAbdullah Ahsan Ahmed
- Jurnal Gabung CTL Dan Pemchn MslhDiunggah olehNasrullah Mailisman

- Smart Thinking Skills for Critical Understanding and Writing 2nd Ed - Matthew AllenDiunggah olehfreeplump3
- Cherryblossomsfalling Myfastforum OrgDiunggah olehUigas4321
- 002 Drawing in 3 Dimensions - Exercise FileDiunggah olehUigas4321
- Painting and Drawing Principles and TechniquesDiunggah olehNicoleta Chivu
- A Guide to the Ultimate Study Method, 2011 EditionDiunggah olehSonny Jim
- Ld4all Com (1)Diunggah olehUigas4321
- Www Artofcomposing ComDiunggah olehUigas4321
- Blog Udemy ComDiunggah olehUigas4321

- Classification of Chemical SubstancesDiunggah olehDimas Agung
- lief07_allorgDiunggah olehdavinangwyn1
- 64. Vectors 2Diunggah olehIstiak Waitforit Nayon
- SPH Without a Tensile InstabilityDiunggah olehPeter Hanappe
- Parametric Study of the Dynamci Along-wind Response of a Guyed TowerDiunggah olehPankaj Taneja
- COLLOIDS.pdfDiunggah olehsridharanc
- Phonopy WorkshopDiunggah olehhantarto5844
- Module 1 Classification and Characteristics of SignalsDiunggah olehKen
- DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF STEERING SYSTEM DRAG LINK AGAINST BUCKLING LOADS FOR TIPPER APPLICATIONDiunggah olehIJIERT-International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology
- SRM Institute of ScienceDiunggah olehBHUVANA VARADHARAJ
- 2016-CIGRE-IEC-091Diunggah olehbhulook
- miCDiunggah olehArjun Santhosh
- ELEG 421 Chapter 03Diunggah olehSaied Aly Salamah
- SolenoidDiunggah olehVadim Goykhman
- The Unified Spacememory NetworkDiunggah olehHelena Cortez
- Thermodynamic Activity - WikipediaDiunggah olehAryan
- Above 500 Degrees C a PyrometerDiunggah olehCharlie Licup
- Bab 7 Keselamatan Dalam Penggunaan ListrikDiunggah olehGaudensius Leonardo Rexano Bakowatun
- Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Paper-IDiunggah olehpranavsid09
- quantum mechanics for engineers_2017.docDiunggah olehsarthakjoshi
- Radiation fluentDiunggah olehmichelone
- Mg+Alloy+Foam+Fabrication+via+Melt+Foaming+MethodDiunggah olehfaizal-23us
- Reply to Beware of Anti-Tesla HecklersDiunggah olehbobdee1001
- catapult info sheetDiunggah olehapi-169639475
- Seminar ReportDiunggah olehVishnu Prasad
- LCD_working.pdfDiunggah olehKritika Nandakumar
- An SDP600 Differential Pressure Sensor Sensor Selection GuideDiunggah olehابزار دقیق
- SPE-9981-MS (1)Diunggah olehDavid Montoya
- EMEC TutorialDiunggah olehKendall Birjue
- AC Vector Drives 3 EquationsDiunggah olehleo232