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Instrument Uses

Bandage to cover and protect areas of the body, such as a recent injury
for patients who are unconscious or too weak to sit up or walk to the
Bedpan
toilet to defecate
to create a permanent pathway to a vein (or artery) for the purpose
Cannula
of repeated injections or infusion of intravenous fluids
Cardioverter / to correct arrhythmias of the heart or to start up a heart that is not
Defibrillator beating
to drain and collect urine directly from the bladder (primary use);
Catheter
also to act as a makeshift oxygen tube, etc.
to remove toxic materials from the blood that are generally removed
Dialyser
by the kidneys; used in case of renal failure
Electrocardiograph
to record the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time
machine
Enema equipment to passively evacuate the rectum of faeces
to look inside the gastrointestinal tract, used mainly in surgery or by
Endoscope
surgical consultants
Gas cylinder as a supply of oxygen, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, etc.
Gauze sponge to absorb blood and other fluids as well as clean wounds
Hypodermic needle /
for injections and aspiration of blood or fluid from the body
Syringe
as in gloves, gowns, bonnets, shoe covers, face shields, goggles, and
Infection control
surgical masks for preventing nosocomial or healthcare-associated
equipment
infection
Instrument sterilizer to sterilize instruments in absence of an autoclave
Kidney dish as a tray for instruments, gauze, tissue, etc.
Measuring tape for length, height, and girth measurements
Medical halogen to see into the eye, natural orifices, etc. and to test for pupillary light
penlight reflex, etc.
for nasogastric suction or the introduction of food or drugs into the
Nasogastric tube
body
Nebulizer to produce aerosols of drugs to be administered by respiratory route
Ophthalmoscope to look at the retina
Otoscope to look into the external ear cavity
to deliver gases to the mouth/nostrils to assist in oxygen intake or to
Oxygen mask and tubes
administer aerosolized or gaseous drugs
Pipette or dropper to measure out doses of liquid, specially in children
Proctoscope to look inside the anal canal and lower part of the rectum
Reflex hammer to test motor reflexs of the body
Sphygmomanometer to measure the patient's blood pressure
to hear sounds from movements within the body like heart beats,
Stethoscope
intestinal movement, breath sounds, etc.
Suction device to suck up blood or secretions
Thermometer to record body temperature
Tongue depressor for use in oral examination
Transfusion kit to transfuse blood and blood products
Tuning fork to test for deafness and to categorize it
to assist or carry out the mechanical act of inspiration and expiration
Ventilator so the non-respiring patient can do so; a common component of
"life support"
for recording rates like heart rate, respiratory rate, etc.; for certain
Watch / Stopwatch
hearing tests
Weighing scale to measure weight