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AppendixD:AnnotatedBibliographyEntryTemplate

When you save this document in your Capstone Google shared folder, you are required to
name this as Annotated entry #__ so that it is clear which entry this is and to ensure that it
is easy to find at a later stage in this process. Be sure that you leave a blank copy of this
template in your Google shared folder template file so that you have it available for the next
entries.

Two annotated entries are provided in this template for the two required sources due each time
annotated bibliography entries are due.

Entry#3
Young Women and Persistence in Information Technology

Citation:
You are encouraged to use EasyBib to house your citations and then copy and paste from the site. Its
easy and they guarantee that you format correctly. The EasyBib site will default, depending on subject
area you identified when you set up your bibliography page, to either MLA or APA (or other formatting
systems). You should manually select either MLA or APA if you dont like the particular formatting that
EasyBib established and use it consistently.

If you are citing a website, you MUST include the URL (despite what EasyBib will generate and/or
Purdue OWL says).

Barnes, T., Berenson, S., & Vouk, M. A. (2006). Young Women and Persistence in
Information Technology. In E. M. Trauth (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gender and
Information Technology (pp. 1325-1330). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference.
Retrieved from
http://libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.bpl.org/
ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=mlin_b_bpublic&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX346760022
4&asid=74741648027fb2a3134a0031452d6519

Evaluatingthesource
Before you spend time reading the source, put your source through this brief test and determine whether its worth
using and documenting as part of your research. We are using a customized version of the CRAAP (an acronym for
Currency-Relevance-Authority- Accuracy-Purpose) test, designed by California State University at Chicos Meriam
Library.

Put an x (as appropriate) in relevant spaces.

Currency

When was the information published or last updated?


2006

___yes _x__no Is my research effort better served by a more recent source?

Relevance

_x_yes ____no Does the information relate to your topic and/or answer your research question(s)?

_x_yes ____no Is the information at an appropriate level, not too elementary OR too advanced for
your needs?

Authority

_x_yes ____no Is there evidence that the author is qualified to write on this topic?

_x_yes ____no If this is an online source, is there anything revealed in the URL (which you have
included in the citation!) about the author or the source (e.g.Is it a .com, .edu, .gov,
.org, .net or something else?)

Accuracy

_x_yes ____no Is the information supported by verifiable evidence and documented through footnotes
and/or a thorough bibliography?
_x_yes ____no Does the source appeared to be reviewed by authorities and experts, not solely by
customers or online comments?

Purpose

___yes ____no What appears to be the purpose of the information in the source? Is it to inform,
teach,
sell, entertain, or persuade?
___yes ____no Is the information provided fact or opinion? (This does not mean that this is not a
credible source; it just asks if youve identified what the bias might be and are keeping
that in mind as you consume the source.)

Reflection
a) How are the ideas and information presented connected to what you already knew?

Ialreadyknewaboutmostofthereasonsthatgirlsaredeterredfromcomputer
sciencefieldsandthisarticleexplainstheminmoredepth.Inadditiontothis,it
providesanexampleofaprogramandstudycalledGirlsonTrackthatoffersnew
ideasandmethodstoencouragegirlstoenterthecomputersciencefield.

b) -What new ideas did you get that extended or broadened your thinking in new directions?

I got new ideas about how early exposure to computer science for girls in an encouraging
environment affects their decisions to go into CS fields later on in life. I could use some of the
methods used in Girls on Track in my own program.

c) -What challenges or puzzles have come up in your mind from the ideas and information presented?

Inoticedthatthestudyshowedthat,althoughgirlsaresupportedinmiddleand
highschool,whentheygettocollegetheytypicallydonotchoosemajorsinCS.
SomeofthereasonsforthisaremisunderstandingofwhatCSisandstereotypes
againstgirls,whichstillexistincollege.Toovercomethis,wemustmakesuregirls
understandwhatexactlyCSis.InordertoovercomethelowerenrollmentinCS
coursesincollege,however,weneedwiderchangeandawarenessofgirlsabilities
andthestereotypesthatsurroundthem.Thatproblemrequiresamuchlargerscale
change.


d) Can you provide at least two quotes and/or statistical information from your source that you think
might prove helpful and/or relevant to your project?
In-depth interviews with 30 high school girls revealed that more than half have no image or have
incorrect images about "computer science" careers. Some perceive "computer science" as the use
of tools such as spreadsheets and databases rather than the design and development (creation)
of tools, and the repairing of hardware rather than the engineering of hardware. The creative and
inventive benefits of IT careers were hidden from these girls.

Professional experiences, including mentoring and opportunities for early exposure to real IT
applications and careers, should be made available to all students.

Entry#4
Gender Differences in Adolescents Attitudes about IT Careers

Citation:
You are encouraged to use EasyBib to house your citations and then copy and paste from the site. Its
easy and they guarantee that you format correctly. The EasyBib site will default, depending on subject
area you identified when you set up your bibliography page, to either MLA or APA (or other formatting
systems). You should manually select either MLA or APA if you dont like the particular formatting that
EasyBib established and use it consistently.

If you are citing a website, you MUST include the URL (despite what EasyBib will generate and/or
Purdue OWL says).

Bleeker, M. M. (2006). Gender Differences in Adolescents' Attitudes about IT


Careers. In E. M. Trauth (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Gender and Information Technology
(pp. 507-513). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference. Retrieved from
http://libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.bpl.org/
ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=mlin_b_bpublic&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX346760009
4&asid=1a7378bf7d9eafa8fe202e391aa65199

Evaluatingthesource
Before you spend time reading the source, put your source through this brief test and determine whether its worth
using and documenting as part of your research. We are using a customized version of the CRAAP (an acronym for
Currency-Relevance-Authority- Accuracy-Purpose) test, designed by California State University at Chicos Meriam
Library.

Put an x (as appropriate) in relevant spaces.

Currency

When was the information published or last updated?


2006

___yes _x_no Is my research effort better served by a more recent source?

Relevance

_x_yes ____no Does the information relate to your topic and/or answer your research question(s)?

_x_yes ____no Is the information at an appropriate level, not too elementary OR too advanced for
your needs?

Authority

_x_yes ___no Is there evidence that the author is qualified to write on this topic?

_x_yes ____no If this is an online source, is there anything revealed in the URL (which you have
included in the citation!) about the author or the source (e.g.Is it a .com, .edu, .gov,
.org, .net or something else?)

Accuracy

_x_yes ____no Is the information supported by verifiable evidence and documented through footnotes
and/or a thorough bibliography?
_x_yes ____no Does the source appeared to be reviewed by authorities and experts, not solely by
customers or online comments?

Purpose
___yes ____no What appears to be the purpose of the information in the source? Is it to inform,
teach,
sell, entertain, or persuade?
___yes ____no Is the information provided fact or opinion? (This does not mean that this is not a
credible source; it just asks if youve identified what the bias might be and are keeping
that in mind as you consume the source.)

Reflection

a) How are the ideas and information presented connected to what you already knew?

Theinformationinthisarticleisfromastudyshowingtheexpectationsfor
successinITfrombothfemalesandmales.Thisprovidesfurtherinsight
intowhatfactorsplayintogirlsdecisionstogointoIT,aswellasthe
doubtsabouttheirabilitiestheymayhave,asIamstudying.

b) -What new ideas did you get that extended or broadened your thinking in new directions?

I got new ideas for why girls typically have a lower interest in computer science, beyond the
stereotyping and expectations. Girls, according to the article, are more interested in helping
humankind as a whole, and prefer jobs that can directly help other people. Computer science is
typically represented as a job where you sit in a cubicle and work alone, without any human
contact, which is very unappealing to girls. This is not the case, however, so I want to make sure I
make it clear to young girls that that is not the computer science industry, and their work can help
actual people and that computer science requires lots of human contact and discussion as well.

c) -What challenges or puzzles have come up in your mind from the ideas and information presented?

Itishardtochangeanimageofcomputerscienceasbeinganuncreative
environmentbecauseitsbeeningrainedinpeoplesmindsforsolong.Itwillbe
aninterestingtasktoconvinceyoungpeoplethatcomputerscienceis,infact,a
verycreativefieldfullofcreativepeople.


d) Can you provide at least two quotes and/or statistical information from your source that you think
might prove helpful and/or relevant to your project?

Females are also more likely to consider themselves "not the type to do well with computers," and
less likely to say they "could handle a more difficult computer course" (Young, 2000).

Computing careers are often perceived as involving little human contact, consisting mostly of
keyboard work and lacking in creativity. These job characteristics seem to be especially
unattractive to girls (Gilbert, 2002).