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REFERAT

GIZI IBU HAMIL

Disusun oleh :
L. ArifFiriandri Y
0815053

BAGIAN ILMU KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT


FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN
UNIVERSITAS KRISTEN MARANATHA
BANDUNG
2013

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DAFTAR ISI

BAB I PENDAHULUAN..................................................................................1
BAB II ISI..........................................................................................................3
2.1 Status Gizi Ibu Hamil....................................................................................3
2.2 Insidensi& Prevalensi Gizi kurang pada ibu hamil.......................................4
2.3 Prinsip Gizi untuk Ibu Hamil........................................................................5
2.4 Pengaruh Status Gizi Bagi Ibu Hamil...........................................................6
2.5 Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Gizi Ibu Hamil......................................8
2.6 Gizi Ibu Hamil...............................................................................................9
2.6.1 Kalori............................................................................................10
2.6.2 Karbohidrat...................................................................................11
2.6.3 Lemak...........................................................................................12
2.6.4 Protein...........................................................................................12
2.6.5 Zat Zinc........................................................................................13
2.6.6 Kalsium.........................................................................................13
2.6.7 ZatBesi..........................................................................................15
2.6.8 Magnesium...................................................................................16
2.6.9 Fosfor............................................................................................16
2.6.10 Natrium.......................................................................................16
2.6.11 Vitamin.......................................................................................16
2.6.11.1 Vitamin A..........................................................................16
2.6.11.2 Vitamin D..........................................................................17
2.6.11.3 Vitamin E..........................................................................17
2.6.11.4 Vitamin K.........................................................................17
2.6.11.5 Vitamin C..........................................................................17
2.6.11.6 Vitamin B1........................................................................18
2.6.11.7 Vitamin B2 & B3..............................................................18
2.6.11.8 Vitamin B6........................................................................18

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2.6.11.9 AsamFolat.........................................................................19
2.7 Pengecekan Kecukupan Gizi.......................................................................20
2.8 Diet yang baik bagi ibu hamil....................................................................22
2.9 Insidensi & Prevalensi kekurangan gizi pada ibuhamil di puskesmas cikalapa
...........................................................................................................................22
BAB III KESIMPULAN.................................................................................23
DAFTAR PUSTAKA.......................................................................................24

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1: Penambahan Berat Badan Status Gizi Ibu Sebelum Hamil...................6


Tabel 2: Tanda Kecukupan Gizi pada Ibu Hamil.................................................7
Tabel 3: Perbandingan zat gizi wanita dewasa & ibu hamil................................19
Tabel 4: Kenaikan Berat Badan...........................................................................21
Tabel 5: Asal penambahan berat..........................................................................21
Tabel 6: Diet yang baikbagiibuhamil...................................................................22
Tabel 7: Insidensi&Prevalensikekurangangizipadaibuhamil di puskesmas
cikalapa.................................................................................................22

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1: Piramid makanan...............................................................................10