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# Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004

## Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004

Scour Calculations

For

## Bridge Replacement Over

Garretts Run

In
Manor Township
Armstrong County, Pennsylvania

Garretts Run #3

Prepared by:

## Pennsylvania Department of Transportation

Engineering District 10-0
Indiana, Pennsylvania

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004

Controlling Storm:

## Vc=11.17y1/6D501/3 (Eq. 5.1, pg.5.2, HEC -18)

Where: y = depth of flow @ upstream section = 5.33 ft. (pg. 4)
D50 = particle size of which 50 % are smaller = 2.5in.
= 0.208 ft. (assume very coarse gravel)

## Channel velocity @ upstream section sta. 603.7065 = 7.38 ft/s (pg. 4)

Since Vc > V, No live bed scour exists. Clearwater contraction scour exists.

## Clearwater Contraction Scour

3
0.0077 Q 2 7

Y2 2
(Eq. 5.4, pg.5.13, HEC -18)
Dm 3 W 2

## Where: Y2 = Average depth in the contracted section

Q = Flow through bridge in the contracted section =1722cfs(pg.4)
Dm = Particle size in mixture equal to 1.25 X D50
= 1.25 x 0.208 ft. = 0.26 ft. (See attachment A)
W = Bottom width of contracted section = 30 ft. (pg. 6)
3
0.00771722 2 7

Y2 = 5.87 ft.
0.26 30 2
2
3

Ys = Y2 Y0

## Where: Ys = Average scour depth

Y0 = Existing depth in contracted section before scour
= area channel / top width
= 262.52 / 46.45 (pg. 4)
= 5.65 ft.

Ys = Y2 Y0
= 5.87ft. 5.65 ft. = 0.22ft.

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004
Local Scour Q100

## Since there is no flow obstructed by the abutments or approach embankments and

no flow in the floodplain for Q100, the local scour depth is zero.

## Contraction Scour Q500

Channel: Check for live bed or Clearwater scour

## Vc=11.17y1/6D501/3 (Eq. 5.1, pg.5.2, HEC -18)

Where: y = depth of flow @ upstream section = 6.03 ft. (pg. 5)
D50 = particle size of which 50 % are smaller = 2.5in.
= 0.208 ft. (assume very coarse gravel) (See attachment A)

## Channel velocity @ upstream section sta. 603.7065 = 8.19 ft/s (pg. 5)

Since Vc > V, No live bed scour exists. Clearwater contraction scour exists.

## Clearwater Contraction Scour

3
0.0077 Q 2 7

Y2 2
(Eq. 5.4, pg.5.13, HEC -18)
Dm 3 W 2

## Where: Y2 = Average depth in the contracted section

Q = Flow through bridge in the contracted section =2411cfs (pg.5)
Dm = Particle size in mixture equal to 1.25 X D50
= 1.25 x 0.208 ft. = 0.26 ft. (See attachment A)
W = Bottom width of contracted section = 30 ft. (pg. 6)
3
0.0077 2411 2 7

Y2 = 7.84 ft.
0.26 30 2
2
3

Ys = Y2 Y0

## Where: Ys = Average scour depth

Y0 = Existing depth in contracted section before scour
= area channel / top width
= 326.48 / 49.84 (pg. 5)
= 6.55 ft.

Ys = Y2 Y0
= 7.84 ft. 6.55 ft. = 1.29 ft.

## Local Scour Q500

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004

## Since there is no flow obstructed by the abutments or approach embankments and

no flow in the floodplain for Q500, the local scour depth is zero.

Summary

## 100 year Contraction (ft) 0.22 0.22

Local (ft) 0 0
Total (ft) 0.22 0.22
Contraction (ft) 1.29 1.29
500 year

Local (ft) 0 0
Total (ft) 1.29 1.29

References:
FHWA NHI 01-001, May 2001,HEC-18, 4th Edition
PENNDOT DM-4, Chapter 7, April 2000 Edition

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004

## Plan: PROP4189A Garrett's Run Reach RS: 603.7065 Profile: Q-100

Left Right
E.G. Elev (ft) 835.32 Element OB Channel OB
Vel Head (ft) 0.85 Wt. n-Val. 0.05
W.S. Elev (ft) 834.48 Reach Len. (ft) 20 20 20
Crit W.S. (ft) 832.56 Flow Area (sq ft) 233.24
E.G. Slope (ft/ft) 0.007959 Area (sq ft) 233.24
Q Total (cfs) 1722 Flow (cfs) 1722
Top Width (ft) 43.76 Top Width (ft) 43.76
Vel Total (ft/s) 7.38 Avg. Vel. (ft/s) 7.38
Max Chl Dpth (ft) 6.72 Hydr. Depth (ft) 5.33
Conv. Total (cfs) 19301.7 Conv. (cfs) 19301.7
Length Wtd. (ft) 20 Wetted Per. (ft) 50.2
Min Ch El (ft) 827.76 Shear (lb/sq ft) 2.31
Alpha 1 Stream Power (lb/ft s) 17.05
Frctn Loss (ft) 0.17 Cum Volume (acre-ft) 0.52 2.39 0.01
C & E Loss (ft) 0.03 Cum SA (acres) 0.39 0.45 0.01

## Plan: PROP4189A Garrett's Run Reach RS: 562.31 BR U Profile: Q-100

Left Right
E.G. Elev (ft) 834.71 Element OB Channel OB
Vel Head (ft) 0.67 Wt. n-Val. 0.05
W.S. Elev (ft) 834.04 Reach Len. (ft) 27.67 27.67 27.67
Crit W.S. (ft) 831.69 Flow Area (sq ft) 262.52
E.G. Slope (ft/ft) 0.005258 Area (sq ft) 262.52
Q Total (cfs) 1722 Flow (cfs) 1722
Top Width (ft) 46.45 Top Width (ft) 46.45
Vel Total (ft/s) 6.56 Avg. Vel. (ft/s) 6.56
Max Chl Dpth (ft) 7.14 Hydr. Depth (ft) 5.65
Conv. Total (cfs) 23748.1 Conv. (cfs) 23748.1
Length Wtd. (ft) 27.67 Wetted Per. (ft) 49.43
Min Ch El (ft) 826.9 Shear (lb/sq ft) 1.74
Alpha 1 Stream Power (lb/ft s) 11.43
Frctn Loss (ft) 0.16 Cum Volume (acre-ft) 0.52 2.07 0.01
C & E Loss (ft) 0.02 Cum SA (acres) 0.39 0.39 0.01

## Plan: PROP4189A Garrett's Run Reach RS: 603.7065 Profile: Q-500

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004
Left Right
E.G. Elev (ft) 836.85 Element OB Channel OB
Vel Head (ft) 1.04 Wt. n-Val. 0.05
W.S. Elev (ft) 835.81 Reach Len. (ft) 20 20 20
Crit W.S. (ft) 833.59 Flow Area (sq ft) 294.32
E.G. Slope (ft/ft) 0.008469 Area (sq ft) 294.32
Q Total (cfs) 2411 Flow (cfs) 2411
Top Width (ft) 48.81 Top Width (ft) 48.81
Vel Total (ft/s) 8.19 Avg. Vel. (ft/s) 8.19
Max Chl Dpth (ft) 8.05 Hydr. Depth (ft) 6.03
Conv. Total (cfs) 26199.1 Conv. (cfs) 26199.1
Length Wtd. (ft) 20 Wetted Per. (ft) 56.77
Min Ch El (ft) 827.76 Shear (lb/sq ft) 2.74
Alpha 1 Stream Power (lb/ft s) 22.45
Frctn Loss (ft) 0.18 Cum Volume (acre-ft) 1.15 2.91 0.03
C & E Loss (ft) 0.04 Cum SA (acres) 0.57 0.47 0.03

## Plan: PROP4189A Garrett's Run Reach RS: 562.31 BR U Profile: Q-500

Left Right
E.G. Elev (ft) 836.19 Element OB Channel OB
Vel Head (ft) 0.85 Wt. n-Val. 0.05
W.S. Elev (ft) 835.34 Reach Len. (ft) 27.67 27.67 27.67
Crit W.S. (ft) 832.65 Flow Area (sq ft) 326.48
E.G. Slope (ft/ft) 0.005452 Area (sq ft) 326.48
Q Total (cfs) 2411 Flow (cfs) 2411
Top Width (ft) 49.84 Top Width (ft) 49.84
Vel Total (ft/s) 7.38 Avg. Vel. (ft/s) 7.38
Max Chl Dpth (ft) 8.44 Hydr. Depth (ft) 6.55
Conv. Total (cfs) 32653.4 Conv. (cfs) 32653.4
Length Wtd. (ft) 27.67 Wetted Per. (ft) 52.88
Min Ch El (ft) 826.9 Shear (lb/sq ft) 2.1
Alpha 1 Stream Power (lb/ft s) 15.52
Frctn Loss (ft) 0.17 Cum Volume (acre-ft) 1.15 2.51 0.03
C & E Loss (ft) 0.01 Cum SA (acres) 0.57 0.4 0.03

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Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004
GarrettsR un3 Plan: PR OPOSED 4189A 8/24/ 2004
Geom: Garrett3 w/propbridge+interp2+chan2A Flow: USGS4189+FEMA10,50,100
RS = 603.7065
.1 .05 .1
855 Legend

WS Q-500
WS Q-100
Ground
850
Bank Sta

845
Elevation (ft)

840

835

830

825
0 50 100 150 200 250
Station (ft)

## GarrettsR un3 Plan: PR OPOSED 4189A 8/24/ 2004

Geom: Garrett3 w/propbridge+interp2+chan2A Flow: USGS4189+FEMA10,50,100
RS = 562.31 BR
.1 .05 .1
855 Legend

WS Q-500
WS Q-100
Ground
850
Bank Sta

845
Elevation (ft)

840

835

830

825
0 50 100 150 200 250
Station (ft)

6
ATTACHMENT A

## Table 3.7.1 Sediment grade scale

Appropriate Sieve
Mesh
Size Openings per Inch

U.S.
Millimeters Microns Inches Tyler Standard Class

## 4000-2000 .......... ........ 160-80 ..... ....... Very large boulders

2000-1000 .......... ........ 80-40 ..... ....... Large boulders
1000-500 .......... ........ 40-20 ..... ....... Medium boulders
500-250 .......... ........ 20-10 ..... ....... Small boulders
250-130 .......... ........ 10-5 ..... ....... Large cobbles
130-64 .......... ........ 5-2.5 ..... ....... Small cobbles

## 64-32 .......... ........ 2.5-1.3 ..... ....... Very coarse gravel

32-16 .......... ........ 1.3-0.6 ..... ....... Coarse gravel
16-8 .......... ........ 0.6-0.3 2 ....... Medium gravel

III-24
8-4 .......... ........ 0.3-0.16 5 5 Fine gravel
4-2 .......... ........ 0.16-0.08 9 10 Very fine gravel

## 2-1 2.00-1.00 2000-1000 ........ 16 18 Very coarse sand

1-1 1.00-0.50 1000-500 ........ 32 35 Coarse sand
1/2-1/4 0.50-0.25 500-250 ........ 60 60 Medium sand
1/4-1/8 0.25-0.125 250-125 ........ 115 120 Fine sand
1/8-1/16 0.125-0.062 125-62 ........ 250 230 Very fine sand

## 1/16-1/32 0.062-0.031 62-31 ........ Coarse silt

1/32-1/64 0.031-0.016 31-16 ........ Medium silt
1/64-1/128 0.016-0.008 16-8 ........ Fine silt
1/128-1/256 0.008-0.004 8-4 ........ Very fine silt

## 1/256-1/512 0.004-0.0020 4-2 ........ Coarse clay

1/512-1/1024 0.0020-0.0010 2-1 ........ Medium clay
1/1024-1/2048 0.0010-0.0005 1-0.5 ........ Fine clay
Scour Calculations By: JGS 8/20/2004
Ck. By: JRJ 8/23/2004
1/2048-1/4096 0.0005-0.00024 0.5-0.24 ........ Very fine clay
(Rouse, 1950, p. 776)