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MegRementina1E JudgeBonifacio

PersonsandFamilyRelations 5September2013

AbsoluteCommunityofProperty
Community Exclusive
Allpropertiesownedbyspousesatthe Acquiredduringmarriagebygratuitous
timeofcelebrationofmarriage. titlebytheeitherspouse,andthefruits
Jewelry(regardlessofwhousesit) aswellasincomethereof,ifany,unless
itisspecificallyprovidedbythedonor,
testator,orgrantorthattheyshallform
partofthecommunity*
Forpersonalorexclusiveuseofeither
spouse
Acquiredbeforethemarriagebyeither
spousewhohasalegitimatedescendants
byaformermarriage,andthefruitsas
wellastheincome,ifanyofsuch
property
*SuchqualifiedappliesonlytoACP.

ConjugalPartnershipofGains
Conjugal Exclusive
Thoseacquiredbyoneroustitleduring Thosebroughtintothemarriageaseither
marriageattheexpenseofcommon spousesown
fund,whethertheacquisitionbeforthe Thoseacquiredbygratuitoustitleduring
partnership,orforonlyoneofthespouse marriage
Thoseobtainedfromthelabor,industry, Thoseacquiredbyrightofredemption,
workorprofessionofeitherorbothof bybarterorbyexchangewithproperty
thespouses belongingtoonlyoneofthespouses
Thefruits,natural,industrial,orcivil, Thosepurchasedwithexclusivemoney
dueorreceivedduringthemarriagefrom ofthewifeorofthehusband
thecommonproperty,aswellasthenet
fruitsfromtheexclusivepropertyof
eachspouse
Theshareofeitherspouseinthehidden
treasurewhichthelawawardstothe
finderorownerofthepropertywhere
thetreasureisfound
Thoseacquiredthroughoccupationsuch
asfishingorhunting
Livestockexistinguponthedissolution
ofthepartnershipinexcessofthe
numberofeachkindbroughttothe
marriagebyeitherspouse
Thosewhichareacquiredbychance,
suchaswinningsfromgamblingor
betting

ChargesAgainstProperties
Properties Community Conjugal Exclusive
Supportofspouses,theircommonchildren,and
Y Y
legitimatechildrenofeitherspouse
Alldebtsandobligationscontractedduringthe
marriagebythedesignatedadministratorspouse
forthebenefitofthecommunity,orbyboth Y Y
spouses,orbyonespousewiththeconsentofthe
other
Debtsandobligationscontractedbyeitherspouse
withouttheconsentoftheothertotheextentthat Y Y
thefamilymayhavebeenbenefited
Alltaxes,liens,chargesandexpenses,including
majororminorrepairs,uponthecommunity Y Y
property
Alltaxesandexpensesformerepreservation
madeduringmarriageupontheseparateproperty Y Y
ofeitherspouseusedbythefamily
Expensestoenableeitherspousetocommenceor
completeaprofessionalorvocationalcourse,or Y Y
otheractivityforselfimprovement
Antenuptialdebtsofeitherspouseinsofaras
Y Y
theyhaveredoundedtothebenefitofthefamily
Thevalueofwhatisdonatedorpromisedbyboth Y Y
spousesinfavoroftheircommonlegitimate
childrenfortheexclusivepurposeof
commencingorcompletingaprofessionalor
vocationalcourseorotheractivityforself
improvement
Expensesoflitigationbetweenthespousesunless
Y Y
thesuitisfoundtobegroundless
Antenuptialdebtsofeitherspousethatdidnot
Y
redoundtothebenefitofthefamily
Supportofillegitimatechildrenofeitherspouse Y
Liabilitiesincurredbyeitherspousebyreasonof
Y
crimeorquasidelict
Lossesduringmarriageinanygameofchance,
bettingSweepstakes,oranyotherkindof Y
gamblingwhetherpermittedorprohibitedbylaw
SimilarMatters
MainPoint Provision ACP CPG
Theadministrationandenjoymentofthecommunity
propertyshallbelongtobothspousesjointly.Incase
ofdisagreement,thehusband'sdecisionshallprevail,
subjecttorecoursetothecourtbythewifeforproper
remedy,whichmustbeavailedofwithinfiveyears
from the date of the contract implementing such
decision.
Intheeventthatonespouseisincapacitatedor
otherwiseunabletoparticipateintheadministrationof
Property thecommonproperties,theotherspousemayassume
Administration solepowersofadministration.Thesepowersdonot
Art.96 Art.124
includedispositionorencumbrancewithoutauthority
ofthecourtorthewrittenconsentoftheotherspouse.
Intheabsenceofsuchauthorityorconsent,the
dispositionorencumbranceshallbevoid.However,
thetransactionshallbeconstruedasacontinuingoffer
onthepartoftheconsentingspouseandthethird
person,andmaybeperfectedasabindingcontract
upontheacceptancebytheotherspouseor
authorizationbythecourtbeforetheofferis
withdrawnbyeitherorbothofferors.
Neitherspousemaydonateanycommunityproperty
without the consent of the other. However, either
Property spousemay,withouttheconsentoftheother,make
Donation moderatedonationsfromthecommunitypropertyfor Art.98 Art.125
charityoronoccasionsoffamilyrejoicingorfamily
distress.
(1) Uponthedeathofeitherspouse;
Terminationof (2) Whenthereisadecreeoflegalseparation;
propertyregime (3) Whenthemarriageisannulled/declaredvoid;
Art.99 Art.126
(Dissolution) (4) Incaseofjudicialseparationofpropertyduring
themarriageunderArticles134to138.
Theseparationinfactbetweenhusbandandwifeshall
notaffectthepropertyregimeexceptthat:
(1) The spouse who leaves the conjugal home or
refuses to live therein, without just cause, shall
nothavetherighttobesupported;
(2) When the consent of one spouse to any
transactionoftheotherisrequiredbylaw,judicial
authorization shall be obtained in a summary
Separationin
proceeding; Art.100 Art.127
Fact (3) Intheabsenceofsufficientcommunityproperty,
the separate property of both spouses shall be
solidarilyliableforthesupportofthefamily.The
spouse present shall, upon proper petition in a
summaryproceeding,begivenjudicialauthority
toadministerorencumberanyspecific separate
propertyoftheotherspouseandusethefruitsor
proceedsthereoftosatisfythelatter'sshare.
Ifaspousewithoutjustcauseabandonstheotheror
fails to comply with his or her obligations to the
family, the aggrieved spouse may petition the court
forreceivership,forjudicialseparationofpropertyor
for authority to be the sole administrator of the
property of marriage, subject to such precautionary
conditionsasthecourtmayimpose.
The obligations to the family mentioned in the
Abandonmentof preceding paragraph refer to marital, parental or
Art.101 Art.128
onespouse propertyrelations.
Aspouseisdeemedtohaveabandonedtheotherwhen
he or she has left the conjugal dwelling without
intention of returning. The spouse who has left the
conjugaldwellingforaperiodofthreemonthsorhas
failedwithinthesameperiodtogiveanyinformation
as to his or her whereabouts shall be prima facie
presumed to have no intention of returning to the
conjugaldwelling.
Upon the termination of the marriage by death, the
propertyofmarriageshallbeliquidatedinthesame
proceeding for the settlement of the estate of the
deceased.
Ifnojudicialsettlementproceedingisinstituted,the
surviving spouse shall liquidate the property of
marriage either judicially or extrajudicially within
Liquidationof one year from the death of the deceased spouse. If
Properties(Death uponthelapseofsaidperiod,noliquidationismade, Art.103 Art.130
ofaSpouse) any disposition or encumbrance involving the
communitypropertyoftheterminatedmarriageshall
bevoid.
Shouldthesurvivingspousecontractasubsequent
marriagewithoutcompliancewiththeforegoing
requirements,amandatoryregimeofcomplete
separationofpropertyshallgoverntheproperty
relationsofthesubsequentmarriage.
Whenevertheliquidationofthepropertiesoftwoor
moremarriagescontractedbythesamepersonbefore
Effectof theeffectivityofthisCodeiscarriedout
liquidationof simultaneously,therespectivecapital,fruitsand
propertieswhere incomeofeachpropertyofmarriageshallbe
therearetwoor determineduponsuchproofasmaybeconsidered Art.104 Art.131
moremarriages accordingtotherulesofevidence.Incaseofdoubtas
contractedbythe towhichpropertyofmarriagetheexistingproperties
sameperson belong,thesameshallbedividedbetweenthe
differentcommunities/partnershipsinproportionto
thecapitalanddurationofeach.
ProceduresUponDissolution
AbsoluteCommunityofProperty ConjugalPartnershipofGains
Aninventoryshallbeprepared,listingseparatelyalltheproperties
oftheabsolutecommunityandtheexclusivepropertiesofeachspouse.
Amountsadvancedbytheconjugalpartnershipin
paymentofpersonaldebtsandobligationsofeither

spouseshallbecreditedtotheconjugalpartnership
asanassetthereof.
Eachspouseshallbereimbursedfortheuseofhis
orherexclusivefundsintheacquisitionofproperty
orforthevalueofhisorherexclusiveproperty,the
ownershipofwhichhasbeenvestedbylawinthe
conjugalpartnership.
The debts and obligations of the absolute
communityshallbepaidoutofitsassets.Incaseof Same
insufficiency of said assets, the spouses shall be (inaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthesecond
solidarilyliablefortheunpaidbalancewiththeir paragraphofArticle121)
separate properties in accordance with the
provisionsofthesecondparagraphofArticle94.
Remainsoftheexclusivepropertiesofthespousesshallthereafterbedeliveredtoeachofthem.
Unless the owner had been indemnified from
whatever source, the loss or deterioration of
movables used for the benefit of the family,

belongingtoeitherspouse,evenduetofortuitous
event, shall be paid to said spouse from the
conjugalfunds,ifany.
Thenetremainderofthepropertiesoftheabsolute Thenetremainderoftheconjugalpartnership
community shall constitute its net assets, which propertiesshallconstitutetheprofits,whichshall
shallbedividedequallybetweenhusbandandwife, bedividedequallybetweenhusbandandwife,
unlessadifferentproportionordivisionwasagreed unlessadifferentproportionordivisionwasagreed
upon inthe marriage settlements, or unless there uponinthemarriagesettlementsorunlesstherehas
hasbeenavoluntarywaiverofsuchshareprovided beenavoluntarywaiverorforfeitureofsuchshare
inthisCode. asprovidedinthisCode.

Forpurposeofcomputingthenetprofitssubjectto
forfeitureinaccordancewithArticles43,No.(2)
and 63, No. (2), the said profits shall be the
increaseinvaluebetweenthemarketvalueofthe
communitypropertyatthetimeofthecelebration
ofthemarriageandthemarketvalueatthetimeof
itsdissolution.

Thepresumptivelegitimesofthecommonchildrenshallbedelivereduponpartition,
inaccordancewithArt.51.
Unlessotherwiseagreeduponbytheparties,inthepartitionoftheproperties,theconjugaldwellingand
thelotonwhichitissituatedshallbeadjudicatedtothespousewithwhomthemajorityofthecommon
childrenchoosetoremain.Childrenbelowtheageofsevenyearsaredeemedtohavechosenthemother,
unlessthecourthasdecidedotherwise.Incasethereinnosuchmajority,thecourtshalldecide,taking
intoconsiderationthebestinterestsofsaidchildren.