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A person without a seatbelt becomes a loose object in a car.

The potential dangers of loose objects in a vehicle is strongly associated with

Newton's first law of motion, Inertia. Inertia is when an object in motion tries to
stay in motion, and an object at rest tries to remain at rest, unless the object is
acted upon by an outside force.

What happens to all the loose objects inside the car? They are still going to obey
the First Law of Motion, and try to continue going down the straight road.
However, since the car is now both stopped and facing left, the right wall of the
car is in everything's way. At that moment everything flies towards the right wall,
and the loose objects crash hard against it. Also, the driver and the passenger(s)
would also smash into the right wall.

If the car was extremely heavy, or was traveling at a considerable speed, then
the force of the crash would be greater. This is because of Newton's second law,
F=ma, the larger the acceleration or mass, the greater the force. This makes it
obvious that loose objects in vehicles is dangerous and should be placed in
compartments provided.

make the trolley travel at different velocities and then abruptly stoppin it by
crashing it into something else and then view the results

Crumple zones
Crumple zones are fitted to the front and rear of a car in order to income the
time an accident occurs over time. This is achieved by distributing the forces
over a larger area and allowing them to act on more bodies. This in turn
increases the time they have to act, and thus decreases the overall force felt by
the occupants. Crumple zones tend to be designed with weaker materials than
the rest of the car, which means it will almost always be the first part of the car
to feel the force. They are also designed to channel the energy from the collision
to certain points away from the occupants.

Seat belts
Seat belts are one of the most important safety devices in a car. An occupant
without a seat belt would simply continue to move in the direction of motion,
which can lead to them flying through the windscreen and experience serious
accidents. Although seat belts may cause serious injuries, they would prevent
occupants moving forwards and to experience even more serious injuries,
including death.
Seat belts are also designed to distribute the force experienced by the occupant
over the stronger and larger parts of the body, the hips and torso. Seatbelts also
have a small amount of stretch in the fabric, which extends the stopping distance
for the occupant during a collision. Thus, increasing the time over which the
change in momentum occurs, which in turns decreases the force experienced by
the passenger.

Air bags
Air bags are vital in preventing serious injuries and fatalities in vehicle accidents,
which is deployed when there is a certain level of acceleration detected. The
airbag is inflated and essentially acts as a cushion to distribute the force of the
occupant hitting it over a larger area. Just like a crumple zone, the air bag
functions as a way of increasing stopping distance and thus increasing the time
over which the collision occurs in order to reduce the force felt.
Car manufactures warn parents against seating their young children in the
passenger seat. The main reason for this is that the force of the air bag being
inflated is quite large and can in fact crush a child causing serious injuries such
as broken ribs or even death. However, these injuries are minor compared to the
damage that could be caused by the lack of an air bag in a collision

Road Safety
Road Signs
Road signs are an important road safety device, which indicate to drivers that
there may be dangers ahead or change in traffic or road conditions. For example,
a sign such as sharp corners ahead, give the driver an indication of the speed
they should take the corner at, in order not to lose friction and be able to take
the turn safely.

Rails are often used to stop a star from leaving the road and travelling onto the
other side of the road, into houses or into bushland. Some railings are able to
bend but not break, the bending increases the time the collision occurs and thus
decreases the force felt by the occupants.