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Learn How to Calculate Deciles Statistics - Definition, Formula, Example

Definition:
A system of dividing the given random distribution of the data or values in a series into ten
groups of similar frequency is known as deciles.
Formula:

Where,
Li = Lower limit of the decile class N = Sum of the absolute frequency F i-1 = Absolute frequency lies below the decile
class ai = Width of the class containing the decile class

Example:
Find the deciles for the following data. 3, 15, 24, 28, 33, 35, 38, 42, 43, 38, 36, 34, 29, 25,
17, 7, 34, 36, 39, 44, 31, 26, 20, 11, 13, 22, 27, 47, 39, 37, 34, 32, 35, 28, 38, 41, 48, 15,
32, 60, 56, 13.

Given,
Data = 3, 15, 24, 28, 33, 35, 38, 42, 43, 38, 36, 34, 29, 25, 17, 7, 34, 36, 39, 44, 31, 26, 20,
11, 13, 22, 27, 47, 39, 37, 34, 32, 35, 28, 38, 41, 48, 15, 32, 60, 56, 13. N = 42

To Find,
Deciles Statistics

Solution:
Step 1:
Let us calculate the Cumulative Frequency value for the given data, Cumulative Frequency
is calculated using the formula, Fi = Fi-1 + fi

Class Frequency fi Cumulative Frequency Fi


3 - 10 2 2
10 - 17 5 7
17 - 24 3 10
24 - 31 7 17
31 - 38 12 29
38 - 45 9 38
45 - 52 2 40
52 - 59 1 41
59 - 66 1 42
In the above table, class denotes the range of values Frequency (fi) denotes the number of
values between the class range from the given data. For Ex: Class range 3-10 represents
that there are two values i.e. 3 and 7 in the given data

Step 2:
Now let us calculate the deciles for each class. Calculation of First Decile: First, consider
k = 1 Since the value is 4.2, it is present inside the class range [3, 10)] Now, substitute the
values in the formula, D1 = 3 + (4.2-0) / 2 * 7 D1 = 3+2.1*7 D1 = 17.7
Step 3:
Calculation of Second Decile: Consider, k = 2 K.N / 10 = 2*42 / 10 = 8.4 The value is 8.4.
So, it is present inside the class range [10, 17)] Substitute the values in the formula, D2 =
10 + (8.4-2) / 5 * 7 D2 = 3+1.28*7 D2 = 18.96 Similarly, calculate the deciles for rest of the
seven classes.