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19.

6 kalkulasi control kelelahan pegas dengan ukuran pegas sebagai berikut:

Tebal baja pegas d= 4mm

Garis tengah pegas D= 35mm

jumlah lilitan aktif n= 5,5

bahan, baja pegas katup menurut DIN 17223, dililit dingin, dimuliakan dan di tumbuk peluru.

2
Modulus kekakuan G 83 000 N/ mm

Vareasi panjang pegas yang di tegangkan 10mm

Panjang pegas terkecil yang di izinkan l k = 32mm

Panjang pegas yang tidak di tegangkan l 0 = 60mm

Jawab:

Panjang rata-rata pegas ra-tegang adalah :

lk + l0 1
lv = = ( 32+ 60 )=46 mm
2 2

35
d 4
D/

Tetapan pegas C= 8 = 2 5,5
G .d 8
83000 4

Pendesakan minimum dan gaya f min=l 0 - l v -5 = 60 - 46 5 = 9mm

Fmin = C . f min = 11,3 9=102 N

Pendesakan maksimum dan gaya f mak =l 0 - l v +5 = 60 - 46 + 5 = 19mm


Fmak = C . f mak = 11,3 19=215 N

Gaya pegas F k = C . f k =11,3 ( 6032 )=316 N

Kini F1=0,3 F k =0,3 316 95 N

Lebih kecil dari pada F2 =0,7 Fk =0,7 316 221 N

Lebih besar daripada Fmak , jadi memenuhi syarat. Tegangan puntirnya adalah:

8 D . F min . 8 35 102 1,16 2


min = 3
= 3
=165 N /mm dan
d 4

8 D . F maks . 8 35 215 1,16


maks = 3
= 3
=348 N /mm 2
d 4

19.7 A composite spring has two closed coil helical springs as shown in Fig. 23.22 (b).
The outer spring is 15 mm larger than the inner spring. The outer spring has 10 coils of mean
diameter 40 mm and wire diameter 5mm. The inner spring has 8 coils of mean diameter 30 mm
and wire diameter 4 mm. When the spring is subjected to an axial load of 400 N, find 1.
compression of each spring, 2. load shared by each spring, and 3. shear stress induced in each
spring. The modulus of rigidity may be taken as 84 kN/mm2.
Solution. Given : 1 = l1 l2 = 15 mm ; n1 = 10 ; D1 = 40 mm ; d1 = 5 mm ; n2 = 8 ;
D2 = 30 mm ; d2 = 4 mm ; W = 400 N ; G = 84 kN/mm2 = 84 103 N/mm2
1. Compression of each spring
Since the outer spring is 15 mm larger than the inner spring, therefore the inner spring
will not take any load till the outer spring is compressed by 15 mm. After this, both the springs
are compressed together. Let P1 be the load on the outer spring to compress it by 15 mm.
We know that compression of the spring (),
D
d1


4
15 =
G
( 1)3 n1
8 P1

P1 = 15 / 0.0975 = 154 N
Now the remaining load i.e. W P1 = 400 154 = 246 N is taken together by both the
springs.Let 2 = Further compression of the outer spring or the total compression of the inner
spring.Since for compressing the outer spring by 15 mm, the load required is 154 N, therefore
the additional load required by the outer spring to compress it by 2 mm is given by
P1 154
P2 = P2= 2 =10,27 2
1 15

W2 = Load taken by the inner spring to compress it by 2 mm.


D
d2


4
We know that 2
=
G
( 2)3 n2
8W2

W2 = 2 / 0.08 = 12.5 2
And P2 + W2 = W P1 = 400 154 = 246 N
Or 10.27 2 + 12.5 2 = 246 or 2 = 246 / 22.77 = 10.8 mm Ans.
Total compression of the outer spring
= 1 + 2 = 15 + 10.8 = 25.8 mm Ans.
2. Load shared by each spring
We know that the load shared by the outer spring,
W1 = P1 + P2 = 154 + 10.27 2 = 154 + 10.27 10.8 = 265 N Ans.
and load shared by the inner spring,
W2 = 12.5 2 = 12.5 10.8 = 135 N Ans.
Note : The load shared by the inner spring is also given by
W2 = W W1 = 400 265 = 135 N Ans.
3. Shear stress induced in each spring
We know that the spring index of the outer spring,
D1 40
C1 = = =8
d1 5

and spring index of the inner spring,


D2 30
C2 = = =7,5
d2 4

Wahls stress factor for the outer spring,


4 C11 0,615 4 81 0,615
K1 = + = + =1.184
4 C 14 C1 4 84 8

and Wahls stress factor for the inner spring,


4 C21 0,615 4 7,51 0,615
K2 = 4 C 24 + C 2 = 4 7,54 + 7,5 =1.195

We know that shear stress induced in the outer spring,


D
d1


3

5
1 =

3

( 1)3
8W1

K 1

= 255.6 MPa Ans.


and shear stress induced in the inner spring,
D
d2


3

4
2 =

3

( 2)3
8W2

K 2

= 192.86 MPa