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United States Patent [191 [11] Patent Number: 5,012,420

Walker et al. [45] Date of Patent: Apr. 30, 1991


[54] ACTIVE CLEARANCE CONTROL FOR GAS
TURBINE ENGINE FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
2104966 3/ 1983 United Kingdom .
[75] Inventors: Roger C. Walker, Fair?eld;
0 Scott P. Primary ExaminerFelix D. Gruber ,
Rte, west Chester; Davld 1 Joyce Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Jerome C. Squillaro
Middletown; David A. Kastrup,
Cincinnati, all of 01110 [57] ABSTRACT
The invention concerns an active clearance control for
[73] Assignee: General Electric Company, controlling clearance between a turbine and a casing in
Cincinnati, Ohio a gas turbine aircraft engine.
The invention calculates the instantaneous clearance
[21] Appl. No.: 175,894 between a turbine casing and a turbine rotor, based on
temperature. Two temperatures are involved. First, a
[22] Filed; Man 31, 1988 steady state temperature (SSTemp) is computed for the
rotor and the casing. SSTemp 1s a predicted, future
[51] Int Cl 5 F02C 7/12_ FOZC 7/18_ temperature, which will be attained when the engine
' ' """"""""""""" " FOID 25/08 reaches steady state operation. Each SSTemp is com
[52] Us Cl 364/431 02 60/39 75_ puted based on presently occurring engine operating
' ' ' """"""""""""" /1_ 415/111}, 415/175 conditions, such as selected temperatures, pressures,
[58] Field of Search ......................... .. 364/431.02, 550; and mam? speeds _ ,
60/3929, 39_75; 415/1, 115, 116, 113, 134, 138, Changes which occur in the SSTemps indicate the
175, 178 second temperatures, wh1ch are the instantaneous tem
peratures of the casing and rotor. These changes in
[56] References Cited SSTemp are caused by changes in the present operating
conditions, which occur during engine acceleration and
U-S- PATENT DOCUMENTS deceleration. The instantaneous temperatures indicate
4,023,919 5/1977 Patterson .......................... .. 415/178 the diameters of the casing and the rotor, and thus the
4,332,133 6/1982 Schwarz et al. .... .. 415/115 mstantaneous clearance between them.
17/ g??? at ' '' '~' ' ' ' " 415/178 In another form of the invention, the computed instan
70:5 42 151987 wgilferet ' '' ' ' '' taneous clearance is used to control air which is bled
4,804,310 2/1989 Fuller tat-gift-.. .1... 415/115 from the fan and ducted Onto the casing in order to
4,805,398 2/1989 Jourdain et al. 60/3975 mm" a desired Clearance
4,815,928 3/1989 Pineo eta]. .... .. 415/115
4,849,895 7/1989 Kervistin ........................... .. 364/164 38 Claims, 30 Drawing Sheets

LR Tum/he Inlet 7. S57


Compressor [Jodie/ye T. 557
Ambient R .5157
7010/ Air Temp. SS7
7,07 m O'earmce, [(HPTLI l, , ,
95M Vdn! 13/
Actua' "04
I acam/me I? / I D ded
50'? $694 Calculaf/bns 0:32;; + V21,
(F9 18) (:7g ,5) Pas/Wm

Ollie/mm! Pas/Hm
(-12.9
75/ Polar Fm
Comp.
MP. Dis-d1.
Til/the 51m
m: zP. ) Div/0mm!
Mal/"W5 [Anhk/batian]
Comp. 0am. Told r v (/79 5 )
782
'83 Stator ~
0/ am 1
_ gill/01m? Stator Olga/0mm! U7
Care Aria!
fmi/sdtrge
J
Tafd Z (1179 70)
( ) IL-4m
Fm 0/110). Slat/c P. _> Ac;
Pressure Unde Co! -----+ How "-738
I713 ______,. Ca/m/utims
(I79 '4)
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 1 of 30 5,012,420
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 2 of 30 5,012,420
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 3 of 30 - 5,012,420
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 4 of 30 5,012,420

3Fx-02s k .E
\Bunk
U.EQ6RW
.\NEEuhui
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 5 of 30 5,012,420
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 8 of 30 5,012,420

36B25 1

~35klt las?s7 ~$E Q.


6%

IN QNN

NNNN
55mahc.k 56 Em3Q ESQBRE
.A'l Ali Al AI . aoEkto33$
3.5%5 Q58KREE6 Q..1?e8.3 26se8qa, 3:a.93%REE\35.032%.
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 11 of 30 5,012,420
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 12 of 30 5,012,420

Care Alma I a I cashg .

COO/by Air/70w--> 7P7


[an 0129m
00879 $05? I [hermq/ casing
cZr/np/er; ure runs/m r aisplawnmt? ?famal
Total 7. i can Ions rem/9'!
.
Calculations asp/tam
mm
Camp. Disd). | F9 72) 47 (/79- 73)
Total 7. (362A (362
E- J- -'|-


k> HPTCMOD
333 _KHP7C7P
c A 'Lonsfant
77mg \
m a" _* Modi?er *

Care How
Lag
398 r Network

l/?-IPTCT X 079 ,5
I Cas/hg
lO-IPTCK ZQQ Trans/b1!
Camp. Dim). Temp.
Total 7.

Fan Disn).
Total 7.

HPB Hang'e
Effect/mess _
Compressor
Bleed
Air?ow
W4
407 22-1-15
U.S. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 13 of 30 5,012,420

(Room Temp.)
moms 486

78.9
* 499 m I
Casing e/ma
Exp. Coeff. 5w

Casing Trms/bvf I " _L_ _] ) x 00mg mama,


Temp 50; ' Disp/acemmf
427 | 498 l 502
| [Kl/P7061 more; | marcra
L149] (495 (48.3
507
E- J- 51.

5.3.3
Max Airflow
5Z0 Possb/e Hit/1
Fan oismwL N 81?; Va/W We 0pm
Stat/c P. 0 Ha
Pressure
U?def Cwv/ Pressure Drop
In Duct / 476A

7/3 (529 Amafmt


Coo/n9
5J9 Air/70w
536
Demanded -_L> ica/
Valve Pas/Tim H0): Ratio
2' Valve 0pm

3-1-4
U.S. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 14 of 30 5,012,420

583 580
Modi?ed
Tine Kl

Steady State
Temp.
588 Temp. Change/
Last keratin/1

{590

Lead __a 9;
607 {67/
Conslant ( I I
(/(HPTC/(l)
57.9

Modi?ed
?me X2

268 '

l; Transfer)! Temp.
(Cashg/Bm/
Temp. mmge/ Web)
Lasi lferatian

E-J-E
U.S. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 16 of 30 5,012,420

.220 Z27 .222 12.! .221


LP. Turbine Camp. 013w). _ Ambient P. fatal Air Set
ln/et 7. Z Status > Temp. Ovambe
Status = Status = 7.3 Status >
4 or 7 4 ar 7 I3
705 ~> 7 X X X T
706 F 7 X X 7'
707 F F ( : )1 X 7'
770
708 _-> I F I 7' f
709- F F I F F

E- J- T

s: s / 440 443
Actual Care a \ 06272;, tote /
speed Clearance

45 455 460 468 46;


Rapid Rotor 9+ Demanded
- Orlsp/ament S + 5 Clearance
(1?)?0)
L l?-IPICZI _;
Z 00004J
1
' Z h

447 ln/lta'atian 4'53 455

33E;- 1-5
US. Patent Apr. 30, 1991 Sheet 17 of 30 5,012,420

Value Units
.077 Inches
.J06898 (-)
.593/02 (-1
2/. 0 Deg. C
4. 79745-9 l/Deg C"2
7.26875-5 I/Deg c
-0. 807.572 Inches
7.1 062087 Inches
.796974 (-)
.803026 (-j
7. 777 haves
845-6 ln/PHA
1.595155 1/0,; a;
7.27045-5 l?eg C
7226694] Indies
750.0 Deg C
75. 0 Deg 6
0. 0004 ln?levallbn
5.676 Sec
AWP7DBORE76P 777. 24 Sec
KHPIDBORETSD 438 Mi;
.999 (
5.874 Sec
66. 7 78 Sec
.175 Mi;
7. 0265 (-j
70. 08 Sec
55. 476 Sec
.9394 H
7.00 (-j
-5.71m+04 2/1;
61485-3 I/Samp/e
7Z8 ' I
0.0 .1
22.2222 Z/Samp/e
22. 2222 l/Sanp/e

F'?. 1;.