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Lowest point of the two variable function:

Given,

z 4 x 4 2 x3 3 y 4 2 y 3

We have to find the lowest point on the given function that is we have to find the point of
minima of the given function.

Let,

z f x, y 4 x 4 2 x 3 3 y 4 2 y 3

x y
First find the partial derivatives of the given function with respect to and respectively.

f x 4 x3 6 x 2

f y 12 y 3 6 y 2

For maxima and minima put the partial derivatives equal to zero.

Therefore,

4 x3 6 x 2 0
(1)

12 y 3 6 y 2 0
(2)
Solve (1) and (2),

2 x 2 2 x 3 0
3
x 0,
2

6 y 2 2 y 1 0
1
y 0,
2

0, 0 ;
1 3 3 1
0, ; , 0 ; ,
2 2 2 2
Therefore, the critical point are

Now find the second order partial derivatives as:

f xx 12 x 2 12 x

f xy 0

f yy 36 y 2 12 y

0, 0
At :

f xx 0 f xy 0 f yy 0
; and
0, 0 f xx f yy f xy2 0
Therefore, is not a point of minima as

1
0,
2
At :

1 1
f yy 36 12 9 6 3
f xx 0 4 2
;

Therefore,

f xx f yy f xy 0

1 3
0, , 0
2 2
Therefore, is not a point of minima similarly is also not a point of minima.

3 1
,
2 2
At :

9 3
f xx 12 12
4 2
27 18
90

1 1
f yy 36 12
4 2
96
30
f xx f yy f xy 9 3 0
27 0

Since,

f xx f yy f xy 0 f xx 0 f yy 0
; and

Therefore,

3 1
,
2 2
is a point of minima
3 1
,
2 2
Hence, the required point is