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Air-Conditioning

Worked examples
For air at 25oC (Dry bulb) 60% saturated
at 1.01325bar, determine:

Specific humidity (moisture content),


Specific enthalpy, h, kJ/kgdry air
Dew point temperature oC

By calculation and check using psychrometric chart


pg
g = 0.622
p pg
p g = 0.03166 bar Saturation pressure at 25oC

0.03166
g = 0.622 = 0.02006kg / kg
1.01325 0.03166

= = 0.6
g
= 0.6 g
= 0.6 0.2006 = 0.01204kg / kg
h = ha + hs
h = 1.005 25 + .01204 2547 = 55.8kJ / kg dryair
Dew point temperature =tg at ps
ps
s = 0.622 = 0.01204
p ps


ps = p
+ .622
0.01204
= 1.01325 = 0.0192bar
0.01204 + 0.622

Dew point temperature =tg at ps=16.9oC


A room is to be air-conditioned to 25oC (dry bulb) 50% saturation. The
outside air is at 35oC (dry bulb) 70% saturation.
75% of the air extracted from the room is recirculated, the remainder being
exhausted. The recirculated air and make up air are mixed and pass
through a cooler with apparatus dew point of 12oC. It is then reheated and
returned to the room at 20oC.
The room has 5 occupants doing light physical work. The gains from
electrical equipment and heat transmission from outside are 1233W.
The heat gain for each occupant is 80W sensible and 140W Latent.
Mark the relevant state points on the psychrometric chart.
Determine:
a) The mass flow rate of air entering the room
b) The rate of heat extraction in the cooler
c) The rate of heat supply in the heater (neglect the fan power
input)
d) The coil bypass factor
Fix points 2 and 3

2
Fix point 4

L1 m& freshair
= = 0.25
L1 + L2 m& aTotal
3

L2
4

2
L1
Fix point ADP and
hence process line
through cooler

L2
4

ADP 2
L1
Draw Room ratio line Sensible =5 x 80 +1233=1633W
Sensible heat load Latent =5 x 140 = 700W
Direction from protractor for
Total heat load Total =2333W
Passes through point 2 Sensible/Total =0.7
3

L2
4

ADP 2
L1
Air enters room on room
ratio line at 20oC
Air leaves cooler at same
as enters room and on
coil process line 3
This fixes points 5 and 1

L2
4

5
ADP 2
1
Air mass flow
m& a (h2 h1 ) = Heat gain = 2.33kW

h2= 50.6kJ/kg
h1= 43.3kJ/kg

2.333
m& a = = 0.319kg / s
(50.6 43.3)
Rate of heat extraction = m& a (h4 h5 )
h4= 63kJ/kg
h5= 36.5kJ/kg

m& a (h4 h5 ) = 0.319(63 36.5)


= 8.5kW
Rate of heat addition = m& a (h1 h5 )
h1= 43.3kJ/kg
h5= 36.5kJ/kg

m& a (h1 h5 ) = 0.319(43.3 36.5)


= 2.17 kW
Length of line 5 - ADP
Coil bypass factor =
Length of line 4 - ADP
0.7
Coil bypass factor = = 0.0875 3
8

L2
4

5
ADP 2
1