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Simulasi

Tes
U n iversitas
versitas Sumatera Utara
n i v e r s i t a s
Syi ah
TOEFL
A n d a l a s
Kuala
Univers itas

U n i v e r s i t a s
Lam p u ng

B a n g k a B e l i t u n g
U n i v e r s i t a s R i a u I n s t i t u t Pe r t a n i a n B o g o r
Universitas Jambi U n i v e r s i t a s R i a u
niversitas Sriwijaya Universitas Brawijaya

niversitas Bengkulu Universitas Hasanuddin


Universitas Airlangggga Universitas Pattimura
Universitas Indonesia Universitas Udayana
Universitas Padjajaran Universitas Sriwijaya
I n s t i t u t Te k n o l o g i B a n d u n g Universitas Mataram
Universitas Diponegoro Universitas Bangka Belitung
U n i v e r i t a s G a j a h M a d a Universitas Andalas

as Sam Ratulanggi Universitas Negeri Surakarta

;
TOEFL INTRODUCTION

A. A Brief Introduction
TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) adalah suatu tes yang terdiri dari kumpul-
an pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang terstandarkan secara internasional. TOEFL memiliki fungsi
untuk mengukur sejauh mana kecakapan atau proficiency bahasa Inggris kita. Pada perkem-
bangannya, TOEFL menjadi sebuah tes yang paling banyak digunakan di dunia. Hal ini dapat
diketahui karena TOEFL diterima di lebih dari 9.000 perguruan tinggi, universitas, dan agen
tersebar di lebih dari 130 negara. Sehingga, ke manapun kita akan belajar, tes TOEFL akan
membantu kita untuk mencapainya.
Berikut ini adalah beberapa keuntungan yang akan kita dapatkan dengan tes TOEFL.
1. Lebih Banyak Pilihan
Dengan kita memiliki sertifikat tes TOEFL, kita akan memiliki lebih banyak pilihan se-
bagai tempat untuk belajar kita. Ribuan perguruan tinggi dan universitas di lebih dari
130 negara menggunakan TOEFL sebagai salah satu persyaratan administrasinya.

2. Lebih Tepat/Cocok
Anda sangat dipermudah dengan terdapatnya lebih dari 4.500 lembaga penyelenggara
tes TOEFL yang tersebar di sekitar 165 negara, termasuk Indonesia. Selain itu, kita juga
dapat menghemat waktu karena tes TOEFL hanya diselenggarakan dalam satu hari se-
hingga kita tidak perlu datang kembali pada hari berikutnya.

3. Mengukur Kemampuan Akademik


Tes TOEFL menjadi suatu alat untuk membuktikan kemampuan kita dalam penguasaan
keterampilan berbahasa Inggris yang nantinya akan sangat kita butuhkan ketika dalam
perkuliahan. Hal ini dikarenakan pertanyaan dan tugas yang terdapat dalam tes TOEFL
bersifat akademik. Karena pertanyaan dan tugas bersifat akademik, banyak perguruan
tinggi dan universitas menganggap bahwa tes TOEFL adalah tes yang paling tepat
dalam proses seleksi masuk.

B. Jenis-Jenis Tes TOEFL


Tes TOEFL memiliki beberapa jenis dengan kegunaan yang berbeda pula. Berikut ini adalah
tabel yang menjelaskan tentang jenis-jenis tes TOEFL.

3
No. Nama Keterangan
Tes ini digunakan untuk mengukur proficiency siswa-siswa
yang berada pada sekolah menengah pertama. Tes ini
didistribusikan dalam format paper-based. Tes ini meng-
1. TOEFL Junior Test
ukur kecakapan dalam kemampuan listening, language
form dan meaning, dan reading.

Tes ini mengukur kecakapan berbahasa Inggris pada tatar-


an intermediate sampai dengan advanced dan digunakan
TOEFL ITP Assessment pada situasi di mana tidak membutuhkan suatu lingkung-
2.
Series an tes yang aman. Contoh: untuk evaluasi kemajuan, tes
penempatan akademik, dan lain-lain.

Tes ini digunakan untuk mengukur kecakapan berbaha-


sa Inggris penutur yang bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa
asing. Tes ini mengukur sejauh mana kecakapan ses-
eorang dalam berkomunikasi dengan menggunakan ba-
3. TOEFL Test
hasa Inggris dalam konteks kelas di perguruan tinggi atau
universitas. Bentuk dari tes ini yang sering dikenal adalah
TOEFL iBT test.

Tes ini didesain untuk mengukur proficiency siswa-siswa


4. TOEFL PrimaryTM Test
usia 8+.

C. Bagian-bagian dalam Tes TOEFL


Khusus untuk pembahasan pada bagian ini, bagian-bagian tes TOEFL yang akan dijelaskan
adalah yang terdapat dalam tes TOEFL ITP yang sering dijumpai dalam konteks akademik
di Indonesia. Tes TOEFL terbagi menjadi 3 bagian utama, yakni: Listening Comprehension,
Structure and Written Expression, dan Reading Comprehension. Dan untuk mengerjakannya
pun selalu berurutan, dimulai dengan Listening Comprehension dan diakhiri dengan Reading
Comprehension.
1. Listening Comprehension
Sesi Listening Comprehension akan mengukur kecakapan kita dalam memahami apa
yang terdapat dalam rekaman. Terdapat 3 jenis rekaman dalam sesi ini, yakni: short con-
versations, longer conversations, dan talks/lectures. Sesi ini memiliki 50 pertanyaan dalam
bentuk pilihan ganda. 50 pertanyaan ini dibagi dalam 3 bagian, yakni Part A, B, dan C.
Part A terdiri dari 30 pertanyaan. Seluruh pertanyaan dalam bagian ini diawali oleh
percakapan pendek (short conversation) antara dua orang penutur. Sedangkan Part B
terdapat kurang lebih 8 pertanyaan yang diawali dengan percakapan yang lebih panjang

4
(longer conversation). Part C memiliki kurang lebih 12 pertanyaan. Biasanya pertanyaan-
pertanyaan yang terdapat pada bagian ini didistribusikan ke dalam 3 talks/lectures.
Alokasi waktu yang diberikan untuk mengerjakan sesi Listening Comprehension ini
adalah sekitar 35 menit. Selain itu, kita juga hanya memiliki waktu sekitar 12 detik untuk
menjawab setiap pertanyaan.

2. Structure and Written Expression


Sesi Structure and Written Expression akan mengukur kemampuan kita dalam mema-
hami kalimat-kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris secara gramatikal. Sesi ini dibagi dalam dua
bagian, yakni melengkapi kalimat rumpang dan mengidentifikasi kata/frasa yang salah
dalam kalimat.
Bagian melengkapi kalimat rumpang terdiri dari 15 pertanyaan. Dan sisanya, 35 per-
tanyaan, terdapat dalam bagian mengidentifikasi kata/frasa yang salah. Sehingga jum-
lah pertanyaan dalam sesi Structure and Written Expression berjumlah 40.
Alokasi waktu yang diberikan untuk mengerjakan sesi Structure and Written Expres-
sion adalah 25 menit. Ini berarti, kita hanya memiliki waktu 37,5 detik untuk setiap per-
tanyaan.

3. Reading Comprehension
Sesi Reading Comprehension akan mengukur kemampuan kita mengenai sejauh
mana kita dapat memahami bacaan yang akademis dalam bahasa Inggris. Sesi ini tidak
terdapat pembagian seperti halnya pada sesi-sesi sebelumnya. Akan tetapi, pada sesi
ini terdapat kurang lebih lima bacaan yang masing-masing disertai dengan beberapa
pertanyaan.
Jumlah pertanyaan pada sesi Reading Comprehension adalah 50 pertanyaan. Jadi, se-
tiap satu bacaan terdapat kurang lebih 10 pertanyaan yang mengikuti.
Alokasi waktu yang diberikan untuk menjawab seluruh pertanyaan dalam sesi ini
adalah 55 menit. Maka, kita memiliki waktu sekitar 1 menit 6 detik untuk menjawab
setiap pertanyaan.

D. Kegunaan Tes TOEFL


Tes TOEFL memiliki banyak kegunaan. Berikut ini beberapa kegunaan dari tes TOEFL.
1. Untuk mengetahui tingkat proficiency bahasa Inggris seseorang.
2. Sebagai salah satu persyaratan untuk melengkapi persyaratan administrasi untuk melan-
jutkan kuliah atau melamar pekerjaan.
3. Jika kita memiliki skor TOEFL yang baik (>550), kita akan merasa nyaman untuk beper-
gian ke banyak negara.

E. Penilaian dalam Tes TOEFL


Penilaian dalam tes TOEFL memiliki ciri khas tersendiri. Tabel berikut ini menunjukkan pe-
nilaian dalam tes TOEFL.

5
Konversi Nilai Konversi Nilai Konversi Nilai
Jumlah Jawaban Listening Structure and Reading
Benar Comprehension Written Expression Comprehension
I II III
50 68 - 67
49 67 - 66
48 66 - 65
47 65 - 63
46 63 - 61
45 62 - 60
44 61 - 59
43 60 - 58
42 59 - 57
41 58 - 56
40 57 68 55
39 57 67 54
38 56 65 54
37 55 63 53
36 54 61 52
35 54 60 52
34 53 58 51
33 52 57 50
32 52 56 49
31 51 55 48
30 51 54 48
29 50 53 47
28 49 52 46
27 49 51 46
26 48 50 45
25 48 49 44
24 47 48 43
23 47 47 43
22 46 46 42
21 45 45 41
20 45 44 40
19 44 43 39

6
18 43 42 38
17 42 41 37
16 41 40 36
15 41 40 35
14 39 38 34
13 38 37 32
12 37 36 31
11 35 35 30
10 33 33 29
9 32 31 28
8 32 29 28
7 31 27 27
6 30 26 26
5 29 25 25
4 28 23 24
3 27 22 23
2 26 21 23
1 25 20 22
0 24 20 21

Bagaimanakah cara menggunakan tabel di atas?


Sebagai contoh, kita mendapatkan jawaban benar pada sesi Listening comprehension adalah 30, 28
jawaban benar pada sesi Structure and Written Expression, dan 43 jawaban benar untuk sesi Reading
Comprehension. Konversi nilai dari 30 jawaban benar pada sesi I adalah 51. Konversi nilai dari 28
jawaban benar pada sesi II adalah 52. Konversi nilai dari 43 jawaban yang benar pada sesi III adalah
58. Perhatikan tabel berikut ini.

Sesi I Sesi II Sesi III


Jumlah jawaban benar 30 28 43
Konversi nilai 51 52 58

Berikut ini adalah cara penghitungannya.


1. Semua nilai yang sudah dikonversi dijumlahkan. 51 + 52 + 58 = 161
2. Hasil penjumlahan dibagi 3. 161 / 3 = 53.7
3. Hasil pembagian dikali 10. 53.7 x 10 = 537

Hasil skor keseluruhan TOEFL pada contoh di atas adalah 537.

7
SECTION 1: LISTENING COMPREHENSION

Time - approximately 35 minutes (including the reading of the directions for each
part)
In the Listening Comprehension section of the TOEFL test, you will have an opportunity to
demonstrate your ability to understand conversations and talks in English. Answer all the
questions on the basis of what is stated or implied by the speakers you hear. Do not take
notes or write in your book at any time. Do not turn the pages until you are told to do so.

Part A
Directions: In Part A you will hear short conversations between two people. After each
conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The conversations and
questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in
your book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the
question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

Now, we will begin with Part A. 4. (Listening)


1. (Listening) (A) He was so surprised there were
(A) He is selfish. eight skirts.
(B) He does not sell fish. (B) It was an unexpectedly
(C) David is selfish. inexpensive skirt.
(D) What David said was unjust. (C) He wants to know the price of
the skirt.
2. (Listening) (D) The skirt was not cheap.
(A) She thinks its better than the
others. 5. (Listening)
(B) The two other books are better. (A) The man should give an
(C) It resembles the last one. assignment to her this week.
(D) Its the best book ever. (B) The woman will help the man
with the assignments this week.
3. (Listening) (C) The man needs to study harder
(A) He graduated last in his class. to complete the assignments.
(B) He is the last person to (D) The man will not do the
graduate. assignments this week.
(C) He believes that he is gradually
improving. 6. (Listening)
(D) He has finally finished his (A) He does not like to hold the CD.
studies. (B) There is no store in his town.

8
(C) Its not possible to obtain the 12. (Listening)
CD yet. (A) She doesnt have time to
(D) He needs to talk to the complete additional reports.
shopkeeper. (B) She has finished doing the
reports shes working on.
7. (Listening) (C) She doesnt have responsibility.
(A) It was incomplete. (D) Its not time to do the field
(B) It was finished on time. report.
(C) It was not ending.
(D) It was too long. 13. (Listening)
(A) He will fix the computer later.
8. (Listening) (B) Hes had enough computers at
(A) She needs to use the mans home..
notes. (C) Hes going to stay for quite
(B) The chemistry class yesterday some time.
was boring. (D) He will not continue trying to
(C) She took some notes in the repair the computer.
class.
(D) She will let the man borrow her 14. (Listening)
notes. (A) He cannot see the big
mountain.
9. (Listening) (B) The mountain is not huge.
(A) Its the mans birthday today. (C) He would like the woman to
(B) Shes looking for a birthday repeat what she said.
present. (D) He agrees with the woman.
(C) She will go shopping with her
sister. 15. (Listening)
(D) Shes going to buy a new pair of (A) The exam was postponed.
shoes for herself. (B) The man should have studied
harder.
10. (Listening) (C) Night is the best time for
(A) He likes cold water. studying when there is an exam.
(B) His toes are big. (D) She is completely ready for the
(C) He doesnt like the beach. exam.
(D) He did not enjoy the water.
16. (Listening)
11. (Listening) (A) The woman must turn around.
(A) She just left her uncles house. (B) Problems will occur if the
(B) She knows where her scarf is. woman turns.
(C) Her uncle is at home. (C) The project report must be
(D) She is not sure where her scarf is. handed in immediately.

9
(D) The project report shouldnt be (D) Asking the doctor to meet the
turned in. woman.

17. (Listening) 22. (Listening)


(A) In a garden. (A) Its almost six oclock.
(B) In a field. (B) The man doesnt really need
(C) In a grocery. the pens.
(D) In a pharmacy. (C) Its a long way to the stationary
shop.
18. (Listening) (D) It would be better to go after
(A) A visit to the mans house. six oclock.
(B) The mans name is Bill.
(C) The high electricity cost. 23. (Listening)
(D) The bill of the new electronic (A) The book was placed on reserve.
tools. (B) The woman must ask the
professor for a copy.
19. (Listening) (C) The woman should search for
(A) She hasnt met her new the book herself.
secretary yet. (D) He has reservations about the
(B) She has a good opinion of her book.
secretary.
(C) Her secretary asked her about 24. (Listening)
her impression of the company. (A) He needs to take a holiday.
(D) She has been putting to much (B) He hopes the woman will help
push on her secretary. him to be more relaxed.
(C) The woman just phoned him.
20. (Listening) (D) He is extremely relaxed.
(A) The performance starts in two
hours. 25. (Listening)
(B) He intends to do two (A) She doesnt think what Sarah
performances. said is false.
(C) He will perform on the third of (B) She has never before told the
the month. man about it.
(D) He thinks that the performance (C) She trusts Sarah.
begins at three. (D) She shares the mans opinion
about what Sarah said.
21. (Listening)
(A) Choose a new doctor. 26. (Listening)
(B) Cure the pain himself. (A) The department will offer a
(C) Make an appointment with his new dean next week.
doctor.

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(B) The new dean has not yet (B) She thinks she did a good job
decided. on the exam.
(C) The department is looking for (C) She has not yet taken the
air. history exam.
(D) The man likes to discuss about (D) Shes unhappy with how she
the new dean. did.

27. (Listening) 29. (Listening)


(A) He doesnt believe that it is (A) The door was unlocked.
raining hard. (B) It is better to wait outside.
(B) The hard rain had been (C) He couldnt open the door.
predicted. (D) He needed to have a walk.
(C) The exact amount of hard rain
is unclear. 30. (Listening)
(D) He expected the woman to go (A) He nailed the wall.
out in the rain. (B) He is heading to the library.
(C) He is absolutely correct.
28. (Listening) (D) He has some nails.
(A) Shes going to take the test over
again.

Part B
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear longer conversation. After each
conversation, you will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not
be repeated.
After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose
the best answer. Then blacken the space of the answer you have chosen.

31. (Listening) 32. (Listening)


(A) Because he has much money. (A) Its brand new.
(B) Because he can repair the old (B) Its a second hand one.
one. (C) It has bad quality.
(C) Because the old computer was (D) Its difficult.
broken.
(D) Because he wanted to have 33. (Listening)
more computers. (A) Its good.
(B) Its bad.
(C) Its cheap.
(D) Its better than brand new
computers.

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34. (Listening) Part C
(A) He felt happy. Directions: In this part of the test, you
(B) He felt that it was easy for him will hear several talks. After each talk,
to choose a computer. you will hear some questions. The talks
(C) He was confused. and questions will not be repeated.
(D) He was not amazed. After you hear a question, read the four
possible answers in your test book and
35. (Listening) choose the best answer. Then blacken
(A) She ate in the canteen. the space of the answer you have
(B) She met her best friend in the chosen.
canteen
(C) She phoned Sarah and had a 39. (Listening)
long chat. (A) 25 km2
(D) She spent fifteen minutes in the (B) 250 km2
canteen. (C) 1 km2
(D) 26 km2
36. (Listening)
(A) Sarah is unkind. 40. (Listening)
(B) Sarah rarely gives suggestions. (A) Indonesian architecture
(C) Sarah makes her calm. collection.
(D) Sarah is not busy. (B) Indonesian clothing collection.
(C) Indonesian dances and
37. (Listening) traditions.
(A) Sarah is kind. (D) Indonesian paintings.
(B) Sarah is the womans best friend.
(C) The woman is a student. 41. (Listening)
(D) Both women can be met easily. (A) TMII has a swimming pool.
(B) TMII is one of the most popular
38. (Listening) tourist destinations.
(A) Because Sarah doesnt want to. (C) There are many miniatures in
(B) Because Sarah is meeting her TMII.
supervisor. (D) There is a theatre in TMII.
(C) Because Sarah works on
weekends. 42. (Listening)
(D) Because Sarah preferred talking (A) Have lunch.
on the phone. (B) Buy tickets for the tour.
(C) Have a tour.
(D) Finish the tour.

12
43. (Listening) 47. (Listening)
(A) Its about the life of Habibies (A) Astronomer
family. (B) Astronomy
(B) Its about Habibies career. (C) Galaxy
(C) Its about the decription of (D) Universe
Habibie.
(D) Its about the life of Habibie. 48. (Listening)
(A) Its the sun only.
44. (Listening) (B) Its the planets and the stars.
(A) He became the president of (C) Its the stars only.
Indonesia in 1998. (D) Its the Sun and the objects that
(B) He married a woman from orbit the Sun.
Yogyakarta.
(C) He studied in Germany. 49. (Listening)
(D) He had a son in 1960. (A) 46 million years ago
(B) 4.6 million years ago.
45. (Listening) (C) 46 billion years ago.
(A) Habibie got his doctoral degree (D) 4.6 billion years ago.
in Indonesia.
(B) Habibie only became a vice 50. (Listening)
president. (A) They are all of the planets.
(C) Habibie moved to Germany in (B) They are the small planets.
1960. (C) They are the four small planets
(D) Habibie married the daughter closest to the sun.
of R. Mohamad Besari. (D) The biggest planet.

46. (Listening) This is the end of the Listening


(A) Because he got ill. Section
(B) Because he got married.
(C) Because he had a son.
(D) Because he has finished his
study.

13
SECTION2: STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION

STRUCTURE Asia that are commonly viewed as


becoming part of the world war
1. _____________, the inventor of had begun earlier than 1939.
light bulb, was one of the first (A) the 1939
invetors to apply the principles. (B) between 1939
(A) It is Thomas Alva Edison (C) in between 1939
(B) Thomas Alva Edison (D) in the between 1939
(C) Thomas Alva Edison is
(D) Thomas Alva Edison is famous 6. Conditions required to be
accepted in reputable international
2. Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice universities include good mastery
and Elinor Dashwood in Sense and of the field of study, good mastery
Sensibility __________ of Jane of English, and __________.
Austens famous characters. (A) the confidence must be high.
(A) they are two (B) having high confidence.
(B) two of them are (C) high confidence.
(C) two of them (D) highly confident.
(D) are two

3. Barack Obama has not one 7. When the earth, sun and moon are
__________ two children. lined up in a row, _____________.
(A) and also (A) spring tides are formed.
(B) but (B) forming spring tides.
(C) and there are (C) the forming of spring tides.
(D) but there are (D) to form spring tides.

4. During the Indonesian 8. Some people _________of money.


Independence, the Indonesian (A) have a limited number
society was happy, and the new (B) have a limited amount
government_________. (C) having a limited number
(A) was formed (D) having a limited amount
(B) was to from
(C) is forming 9. In the presidential election in
(D) forming Indonesia, the government invites
the society to determine who
5. World War II is generally considered _________by voting.
to have happened _________ and (A) should the president be
1945, although some conflicts in (B) the president being

14
(C) the president should be (C) does the sun
(D) it should be the president (D) is the sun

10. Electricity can be produced by 15. J.K. Rowling wrote many amazing
____________ or combs. novels _________ famous
(A) rulers are rubbed worldwide.
(B) rubbing rulers (A) that are became
(C) to rub rulers (B) that became
(D) rulers rubbing (C) what became
(D) what had became
11. Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright,
__________ of the worlds first
successful airplane, were both born WRITTEN EXPRESSION
in Dayton.
(A) they were inventing 16. Thunder happen because of the
(B) were inventors A B
(C) invented vibration resulting from lightening
(D) the inventors C D
when it strikes.
12. The particles in an atom ________a
neutral charge are called neutrons. 17. A atom consists of a dense central
(A) having A B
(B) is having nucleus surrounded by a cloud of
(C) it is having
(D) which having negatively charged electrons.
C D
13. Glaciers are made up of ________
that, over many years, compresses 18. Most heart attacks involves discom-
into large, thickened ice masses. A B C
(A) the snow is falling fort in the center or left side of the
(B) snow is falling D
(C) fallen snow chest.
(D) snow fallen
19. When the general price level rises,
14. Not only ________ provide energy A
that maintains many things on each unit of currency buys fewer
earth, but it also provides sunlight B C
which is important for vitamin D goods as well services.
production. D
(A) The sun
(B) It is the sun that

15
20. The cerebral hemispheres, the ce- black patches around it eyes, over
A B C
rebrum, form the largest part of the the ears, and across its round body.
B D
human brain and are situated
C 25. The outer space has effectively
above other brain structure. A
D no friction, allowing stars, plan
B
21. Borobudur is the worlds largest ets and moons to move free
A C
Buddhist temple, as well as one of along their ideal orbits.
B D
the great Buddhist monuments in
C D 26. Port Jackson is known for its
the world. A
beauty, and in particular, as the
B
22. Although George Washington lost location of the Sydney Opera
A B
many of his battles, he never surren House and Sydney Harbor Bridge

dered his army during the war, and which connect central Sydney
C
he continued to fighting the British with the Northern Suburbs region
C
relentlessly until the war ended. metropolitan area.
D D

23. Uluru is notable for appear to 27. A stiil camera is an optically device
A A
change color at different times of which creates a single image of an
B C
the day and year, most notably object or scene, and records it on an
B C
glowing red at dawn and sunset. electronic sensor or photographic
D D
film.
24. The giant panda is easily recog-
A 28. Different species of bats selecting
nized by the large, distinctive A B
different habitats during different
C
16
seasons, ranging from mountains 33. Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Wil
A
and even deserts. liam Shakespeare produces most of
D B
his known work between 1589 and
29. Managing the balance between rec C D
A 1613.
reational, commercial, and industry
B
uses has been a challenge for the 34. Hail consists of balls or irregular
C A B
stewards of the Niagara falls since lumps of ice, they of which is called
D C D
the 19th century. a hailstone.

35. Orchidaceae is a diverse and wide-


30. Captain James Cook reached the A
spread family of flowering plants
south-eastern coast of Australia on
A with blooms that are often colorful
19 April 1770, and in doing so his B
B and often fragrant, commonly
expedition became the first record C
C known as the orchid family.
Europeans to have encountered its D
D
eastern coastline. 36. Many newspapers, besides employ-
A
31. Roald Dahl rose to prominence in ing journalists on its own payrolls,
A B
the 1940s with works for both chil- also subscribe to news agencies.
B C D
dren and adults and became one of
C 37. The term cartoon originated in the
the worlds best-selling author. A
D Middle Ages and first describe a
B
32. Unlikely other birds in this world, preparatory drawing for a piece of
A B C
penguins cannot fly. art, such as a painting, fresco, tapes
D C

17
try, or stained glass window. 40. The bicycles invention has had
D A
an enormous effects on society,
38. The successful completing of the B C
A both in terms of culture and of
Suramadu bridge has encouraged
B advancing modern industrial
interest in the possibility of con- D
methods.
structing a much larger Sunda Strait
C
Bridge across the Sunda Strait at the
D
western end of Java.

39. Bill Clinton presided over the longer


A
period of peacetime economic
B
expansion in American history, and
C
signed into law the North American
D
Free Trade Agreement.

18
SECTION 3: READING COMPREHENSION

Questions 1-10

Line The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to


eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Together with the four species of echidna, it is one
of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of
giving birth. It is the sole living representative of its family (Ornithorhynchidae), and genus
5 (Ornithorhynchus), though a number of related species have been found in the fossil record.
The unusual appearance of this egg-laying, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed
mammal baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it, with some
considering it an elaborate fraud. It is one of the few venomous mammals, the male
platypus having a spur on the hind foot that delivers venom capable of causing severe
10 pain to humans. The unique features of the platypus make it an important subject in the
study of evolutionary biology and a recognizable and iconic symbol of "VTUSBMJB it has
appeared as a mascot at national events and is featured on the reverse of its 20-cent coin.
The platypus is the animal emblem of the state of New South Wales.
Until the early 20th century, it was hunted for its fur, but it is now protected
15 throughout its range. Although captive breeding programs have had only limited
success and the platypus is vulnerable to the effects of pollution, it is not under any
immediate threat.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platypus)

1. The topic of this passage is 3. The possessive its in line 4 refers to


(A) the general information of (A) platypus
platypus (B) species
(B) the features of platypus (C) mammal
(C) the unusual appearance of (D) representative
platypus
(D) the platypus in this world 4. It can be inferred from the passage
that
2. It can be inferred from the passage (A) the platypus gives birth
that (B) the platypus is not famous in
(A) the platypus is not a mammal Australia
(B) the platypus does not lay eggs (C) the platypus is not hunted for
(C) the platypus can be dangerous its fur today
for human being (D) there are still many platypus
(D) the platypus does rarely lives in living in Australia
Australia

19
5. The word features in line 10 is clos- 8. The passage states that
est in meaning to (A) the female platypus can
(A) descriptions produce venom
(B) characteristics (B) the male platypus can produce
(C) explanations venom
(D) characters (C) all platypus can produce venom
(D) all platypus are poisonous
6. According to the passage, what is
NOT the unusual appearance of the 9. The passage states that the
platypus? platypus does not
(A) egg-laying (A) Live in Tasmania
(B) duck-billed (B) Give birth
(C) small-tailed (C) Have poison
(D) otter-footed (D) Have flat tails

7. The word emblem in line 13 is 10. The word immediate in line 17 is


closest in meaning to the closest in meaning to
(A) picture (A) direct
(B) drawing (B) sudden
(C) meaning (C) fast
(D) symbol (D) quick

Line The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 January 30, 1948) and Wilbur
(April 16, 1867 May 30, 1912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation
pioneers who were credited with inventing and building the worlds first successful
airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air
5 human flight, on December 17, 1903. From 1905 to 1907, the brothers developed
their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first
to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent
aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
The brothers fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis
10 control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its
equilibrium. This method became standard and remains standard on fixed-wing
aircraft of all kinds. From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers
focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving the
flying problem. This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of
15 the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines. Using a small
homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any
before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers that were more
efficient than any before. Their first U.S. patent, 821,393, did not claim invention of

20
a flying machine, but rather, the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that
20 manipulated a flying machines surfaces.
They gained the mechanical skills essential for their success by working for years
in their shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work
with bicycles in particular influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle like a flying
machine could be controlled and balanced with practice. From 1900 until their first
25 powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed
their skills as pilots. Their bicycle shop employee Charlie Taylo became an important
part of the team, building their first airplane engine in close collaboration with the
brothers.
The Wright brothers status as inventors of the airplane has been subject to counter-
30 claims by various parties. Much controversy persists over the many competing claims
of early aviators.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers)

11. The passage is mainly about (D) the invention of a system of


(A) the life of the Wright brothers aerodynamic control by the
(B) the history of airplane Wright brothers
(C) the inventions of the Wright
brothers 14. The word remains in line 11 is clos-
(D) the description of the Wright est in meaning to
Brothers (A) saves
(B) gives
12. The word credited in line 3 is (C) stays
closest in meaning to (D) brings
(A) Honored
(B) Skilled 15. The word any in line 16 refers to
(C) Determined (A) the Wright brothers
(D) Decided (B) other experimenters
(C) powerful engines
13. In the second paragraph, the author (D) accurate data
mainly discusses
(A) the three-axis control invented 16. The passage states that
by the Wright brothers (A) the Wright brothers did not
(B) how the Wright brothers in- make the first practical fixed-
vented fixed-wing aircrafts. wing aircraft in their life
(C) how the Wright brothers solve (B) the Wright brothers did not
the flying problem. invent the three-axis control at all

21
(C) the Wright brothers collected (C) The three-axis control method
more accurate data using a became standard on fixed-wing
small homebuilt wind tunnel aircraft of all kinds.
(D) the Wright brothers first U.S. (D) The Wright brothers status as
patent was not the invention inventors of the airplane has
of a system of aerodynamic been credited by all parties
control that manipulated a
flying machines surfaces. 19. The word their in line 26 refers to
(A) the Wrights
17. The word essential in line 21 is (B) pilots
closest in meaning to (C) employee
(A) good (D) Charlie Taylor
(B) useful
(C) available 20. According to the passage, it is
(D) important concluded that
(A) The Wrights had a shop
18. The following statements are true (B) The Wrights worked with
according to the passage EXCEPT bicycles
(A) The Wright brothers are real (C) The Wrights contributed much
siblings to the invention of airplanes
(B) The Wrights invented aircraft (D) The Wrights could fly airplanes
controls that made fixed-wing
powered flight possible

Line Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to


fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired. While the term is sometimes used
to describe a disorder demonstrated by polysomnographic evidence of disturbed
sleep, this sleep disorder is often practically defined as a positive response to either
5 of two questions: Do you experience difficulty sleeping? or Do you have difficulty
falling or staying asleep?
Insomnia is most often thought of as both a medical sign and a symptom that
can accompany several sleeps, medical, and psychiatric disorders characterized by
a persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality.
10 Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. Insomnia
can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly. Insomnia can be
short term (up to three weeks) or long term (above 34 weeks), which can lead to
memory problems, depression, irritability and an increased risk of heart disease and
automobile related accidents.
15 Those who are having trouble sleeping sometimes turn to sleeping pills,
which can help when used occasionally but may lead to substance dependence or
addiction if used regularly for an extended period.

22
Insomnia can be grouped into primary and secondary, or comorbid, insomnia.
Primary insomnia is a sleep disorder, not attributable to a medical, psychiatric, or
20 environmental cause. It is described as a complaint of prolonged sleep onset latency,
disturbance of sleep maintenance, or the experience of non-refreshing sleep. A
complete diagnosis will differentiate between free-standing primary insomnia,
insomnia as secondary to another condition, and primary insomnia co-morbid with
one or more conditions.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insomnia)

21. What is the authors main point in treat Insomnia?


the passage? (A) See the doctor
(A) Another name of insomnia (B) Do jogging
(B) The poor quality of sleep (C) Drink sleeping medicine
(C) The general idea of sleepless- (D) Eat much
ness
(D) The disadvantages of sleep 26. The word dependence in line 16
disorder has similar meaning with
(A) Addiction
22. The word demonstrated in line 3 (B) Existence
can be best replaced by .... (C) Addition
(A) Showed (D) Usage
(B) Argued
(C) Demoed 27. It is stated in the passage that
(D) Suggested Insomnia
(A) can be occurred only to elderly
23. Who can get Insomnia? people.
(A) Children (B) is waking up problem.
(B) Elderly people (C) can cause memory problem.
(C) Teenager (D) can be treated by only consum-
(D) All of the people ing sleeping pills.

24. What is NOT the problem caused 28. The word grouped in line 18 is
by Insomnia? closest in meaning to
(A) Depression (A) classified
(B) Headache (B) formed
(C) Irritability (C) listed
(D) Heart disease (D) ranked

25. What is the simple solution which is 29. Which of the following is NOT true
usually conducted by the people to about the passage?

23
(A) Sleep disorder is the other 30. Where in the passage does the au-
name of Insomnia. thor mention about the definition
(B) Insomnia can lead people to of Insomnia?
have physical impairment. (A) Line 1 and 2
(C) Consuming sleeping pills (B) Line 6 and 7
doesnt cause addiction. (C) Line 13 and 14
(D) Insomnia can be grouped into (D) Line 19 and 20
two categories.

Questions 31-40
Line The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial lianas, shrubs, and trees
commonly known as palm trees. (Due to historical usage, the family is alternatively
called Palmae or Palmaceae.) They are flowering plants, the only family in the
monocot order Arecales. Roughly 202 gener with around 2600 species are currently
5 known, most of them restricted to tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate
climates. Most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen
leaves arranged at the top of an unbranched stem. However, many palms are
exceptions, and in fact exhibit an enormous diversity in physical characteristics.
As well as being morphologically diverse, palms also inhabit nearly every type of
10 habitat within their range, from rainforests to deserts.
Most palms grow in the tropics. They are abundant throughout the tropics,
and thrive in almost every habitat therein. Their diversity is highest in wet, lowland
tropical forests, especially in ecological hotspots such as Madagascars, which has
more endemic palms than all of Africa. Colombia may have the highest number of
15 palm species in one country. Palms are most commonly seen throughout Africa,
South America, Mexico, and areas of the United States such as North Carolina,
Texas, Florida, Arizona, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, South
Carolina, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii.
Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant
20 families. They have been important to humans throughout much of history. Many
common products and foods are derived from palms, and palms are also widely
used in landscaping for their exotic appearance, making them one of the most
economically important plants. In many historical cultures, palms were symbols
for such ideas as victory, peace, and fertility. Today, they remain a popular symbol
25 for the tropics and vacations.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arecaceae)

24
31. The best title for this passage 36. The word extensively in line 19 is
would be closest in meaning to
(A) Palm trees (A) large
(B) Types of palm tress (C) larger
(C) Palm trees in rainforests and (B) largely
desserts (D) largest
(D) The importance of palm trees
37. The word they in line 24 refers to
32. The word currently in line 4 is (A) palms
closest in meaning to (C) peace
(A) new (B) victory
(C) now (D) symbols
(B) present
(D) then 38. The word appearance in line 22 is
closest in meaning to
33. The expression distinguished by in (A) character
line 6 could be replaced by (C) scene
(A) Seen by (B) look
(C) Lost by (D) scenery
(B) Covered by
(D) Closed by 39. Which of the following is NOT
true about the cultural symbols of
34. It can be inferred from the passage palms?
that (A) They are symbols for victory
(A) Most of the leaves of palms are (B) They are symbols for peace
not green. (C) They are symbols for fertility
(B) Rarely do palms have com- (D) They are symbols for health
pound leaves.
(C) Most palm trees can live in 40. From the passage, it can be inferred
tropical areas. that
(D) All palms live in Cambodia. (A) Palms are not useful
(B) Palms do not live in subtropical
35. According to the passage, palms areas
live in these countries EXCEPT (C) There are not many kinds of
(A) Mexico palms
(D) South Africa (D) Palms are cultivated
(B) Florida
(E) Arctic
(C) Arizona

25
Questions 41-50
Line The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24
October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective
League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to
prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 NFNCFSTUBUFT there
5 are now 193. The UN Headquarters resides in international territory in New York City,
with further main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed
by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include
maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social
and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian
10 aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict.
During the Second World War, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated talks on a
successor agency to the League of Nations, and the United Nations Charter was drafted
at a conference JO"QSJMo+VOFUIJTDIBSUFSUPPLFFDUPO0DUPCFS BOEUIF
UN began operation. The UNs mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its
15 early decades by the Cold War between the US and Soviet Union and their respective
allies. The organization participated in major actions in Korea and the Congo, as well
as approving the creation of the state of Israel in 1947. The organizations membership
grew significantly following widespread decolonization in the 1960s, and by the 1970s
its budget for economic and social development programs far outstripped its spending
20 on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN took on major military and
peacekeeping missions across the world with varying degrees of success.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative
BTTFNCMZ
 UIF Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and
TFDVSJUZ
 UIF Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (for promoting international
25 FDPOPNJD BOE TPDJBM DPPQFSBUJPO BOE EFWFMPQNFOU
 UIF Secretariat (for providing
TUVEJFT  JOGPSNBUJPO  BOE GBDJMJUJFT OFFEFE CZ UIF 6/
 UIF International Court of
Justice UIF QSJNBSZ KVEJDJBM PSHBO
 BOE UIF United Nations Trusteeship Council
(inactive since 1994). UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World
Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. The UNs
30 most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by South Korean Ban
Ki-moon since 2007. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative
status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UNs work.
The organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001, and a number of its officers
and agencies have also been awarded the prize. Other evaluations of the UNs
35 effectiveness have been mixed. Some commentators believe the organization to be
an important force for peace and human development, while others have called the
organization ineffective, corrupt, or biased.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations)

26
41. The passage is mainly about 46. Below are the principals organs
(A) The history of UN that are still active now of UN
(B) The story of UN EXCEPT
(C) The general description of UN (A) General Assembly
(D) The UN organization principals (B) Security Council
(C) Economic and Social Council
42. According to the passage (ECOSOC)
(A) UN did not replace League (D) United Nations Trusteeship
Nations Council
(B) UN first had more than
members 51 members 47. The word prominent in line 30 is
(C) One of UNs job is to prevent closest in meaning to
conflicts (A) large
(D) The UN office is only in New (B) famous
York. (C) well
(D) fond
43. These are the aims of UN EXCEPT
(A) Maintaining international 48. Where in the passage does the
peace and security author describe about UN System
(B) Promoting human rights agencies?
(C) Fostering social and economic (A) Line 20-24
development (B) Line 24-26
(D) Destructing the environment (C) Line 28-32
(D) Line 33-34
44. The word its in line 14 refers to
(A) United Nations Charter 49. The word granted in line 31 can be
(B) Conference best replaced by the word
(C) Operation (A) bought
(D) UNs (B) brought
(C) given
45. The word major in line 16 is closest (D) appeared
in meaning to
(A) basic 50. The paragraph following the
(B) big passage most likely discusses
(C) base (A) The next UN leaders
(D) many (B) The good status of UN
(C) The effectiveness of UN
(D) The ineffectiveness of UN

27
ANSWER KEY AND DISCUSSION

LISTENING COMPREHENSION
PART A
1. (woman) : David said that you were rather selfish.
(man) : Its unfair of him to say that about me.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
What David said was unjust.

2. (man) : I dont think this book is very good.


(woman) : Its better than the other two, isnt it?
(narrator) : What does the woman say about the book?
JAWABAN: A
She thinks its better than the others.

3. (woman) : Your graduation ceremony is two days again.


(man) : I cant believe it. Ive graduated at last!
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He has finally finished his studies.

4. (woman) : I got this skirt for only eight dollars!


(man) : Eight dollars! How did you get it so cheap?
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: B
It was an unexpectedly inexpensive skirt.

5. (man) : I just got a new assignment again this afternoon.


(woman) : You need to work harder this week.
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: C
The man needs to study harder to complete the assignments.

6. (woman) : Were you able to get a hold of the CD that you wanted?
(man) : I couldnt. At the store, they told me that it wasnt available yet.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: C
Its not possible to obtain the CD yet.

28
7. (woman) : Professors Ann lecture went on and on for quite some time.
(man) : I thought she was never going to end the class.
(narrator) : What does the man imply about the lecture?
JAWABAN: D
It was too long.

8. (man) : Do you have the notes from yesterdays chemistry class?


(woman) : No, I dont. Do you think I could borrow yours?
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: A
She needs to use the mans notes.

9. (man) : You said you wanted to go shopping this afternoon. What do you want to get?
(woman) : I think Id like to get my sister a new pair of shoes for her birthday.

(narrator) : What does the woman mean?


JAWABAN: B
Shes looking for a birthday present.

10. (woman) : You didnt even go into the water, even for a quick dip at the beach.
(man) : I put my big toe in and decided that the water is too cold for me.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He did not enjoy the water.

11. (man) : Do you know where your scarf is?


(woman) : I think I left it at my uncles house yesterday.
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: B
She knows where her scarf is.

12. (man) : I need you to work on these field reports.


(woman) : But I hardly have time to finish the ones I already have.
(narrator) : What does the woman imply?
JAWABAN: A
She doesnt have time to complete additional reports.

13. (woman) : How much longer do you think youre going to work on that broken computer?
(man) : I give up!
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He will not continue trying to repair the computer.

29
14. (woman) : Look at that mountain. Its the highest Ive ever seen!
(man) : You can say that again.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He agrees with the woman.

15. (man) : Are you ready for the geometry exam today? I stayed up all night studying for it.
(woman) : Didnt you know that the professor put it off until next week?
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: A
The exam was postponed.

16. (woman) : I havent turned in the project report yet. Do you think thats a problem?
(man) : You havent turned it in yet? Its absolutely essential that you turn the project
report immediately.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: C
The project report must be handed in immediately.

17. (woman) : I would like some apples, avocados, and grapes please.
(man) : Yes, certainly.
(narrator) : Where does this conversation probably take place?
JAWABAN: C
In a grocery.

18. (woman) : Look at this. You used the electronics too much last month. The bill is higher
than usual.
(man) : I had a lot of paper work to do. Thats why I always turn on the computer all day
long for a couple of weeks.
(narrator) : What are the man and woman probably discussing?
JAWABAN: C
The high electricity cost.

19. (man) : What do you think of your new secretary?


(woman) : I couldnt be more impressed with him.
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: B
She has a good opinion of her secretary.

30
20. (woman) : Tony, do you know when the performance starts?
(man) : It starts at two oclock, doesnt it?
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He thinks that the performance begins at three.

21. (woman) : If your headache doesnt get any better, perhaps you should see the doctor.
(man) : I dont really want to, but I guess I dont have much choice.
(narrator) : What will the man probably do next?
JAWABAN: C
Make an appointment with his doctor.

22. (man) : I need to buy some new pens.


(woman) : Then youd better get to the stationary shop. It closes at six oclock.
(narrator) : What can be inferred from the conversation?
JAWABAN: A
Its almost six oclock.

23. (woman) : Do you know where I can find the book for the exam next week?
(man) : The professor copied it and put it on reserve in the library.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: A
The book was placed on reserve.

24. (woman) : I think you should be a little bit relaxed.


(man) : If I were any relaxed, Id be on my holidays.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: D
He is extremely relaxed.

25. (man) : I dont think what Sarah said is possibly true.


(woman) : Neither do I!.
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: D
She shares the mans opinion about what Sarah said.

26. (woman) : Has the department decided the new dean?


(man) : Its still up in the air. I think it will be discussed again next week.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: B
The new dean has not yet decided.

31
27. (woman) : I cant believe it! Its raining hard today.
(man) : Its wasnt exactly unexpected.
(narrator) : What does the man mean?
JAWABAN: B
The hard rain had been predicted.

28. (man) : How do you think you did on the history exam this morning?
(woman) : I really wish I could take it over again.
(narrator) : What does the woman mean?
JAWABAN: D
Shes unhappy with how she did.

29. (woman) : You didnt have to wait outside. You couldve just opened the door.
(man) : So the door was not locked!
(narrator) : What had the man assumed?
JAWABAN: C
He couldnt open the door.

30. (man) : My guess is that youre leaving the class now and heading straight to the library.
(woman) : Youve hit the nail on the head!
(narrator) : What does the woman say about the man?
JAWABAN: C
(A) He is absolutely correct.

PART B
Questions 31-34 refer to the following conversation.
(narrator) : Listen to a conversation between a man and a woman about the mans new com-
puter.
(woman) : Wow! You have a new computer.
(man) : Yes, I bought it yesterday. My old one is broken and I couldnt do anything about it.
So I decided to buy one. Its not new actually. Its a second hand one.
(woman) : Why didnt you buy a new one? Arent new things better?
(man) : Well, I have a lot of expense this semester and I need to take priority. And probably
Ill only be using this one two semesters again.
(woman) : Well, its pretty good actually. Where did you buy it?
(man) : At the electronic center near the post office. There were so many choices there and
I was confused which one to choose. All of them were good.
(woman) : You certainly chose a good one.

32
31. Why did the man buy a new computer?
JAWABAN: C
Because the old computer was broken.

32. What is right about his new computer?


JAWABAN: B
Its a second hand one.

33. What is the womans opinion about the new computer?


JAWABAN: A
Its good.

34. What did the man feel at the shop?


JAWABAN: C
He was confused.

Questions 35-38 refer to the following conversation.


(narrator) : Listen to a conversation between a man and a woman about the womans best friend.

(man) : Hi. What took you so long? Youre fifteen minutes late.
(woman) : Im sorry. I met my best friend at the canteen and we had a chat. It was our first
meeting in two years.
(man) : Is she the one you keep talking to me about?
(woman) : Yes. Well now she lives in California and she came here to visit her supervisor. Mr.
Jones is a lecturer here too you know.
(man) : Oh, I see.
(woman) : She is so nice to me you know. Usually when I have problems, I tell her. Then shell
give me advices or suggestions. She always makes me calm. I also always try to do
the same thing to her. Usually we meet in the park or caf. But now, we just talk
on the phone. Its pretty difficult to meet each other now.
(man) : You can meet up with each other on weekends, cant you?
(woman) : Unfortunately not, she works on weekends. Shes extremely busy.
(man) : Oh, I see.

35. Why was the woman late?


JAWABAN: B
She met her best friend in the canteen

36. How did the woman describe Sarah?


JAWABAN: C
Sarah makes her calm.

33
37. What did the man assume?
JAWABAN: D
Both women can be met easily.

38. Why cant the woman easily meet Sarah?


JAWABAN: C
(A) Because Sarah works on weekends.

PART C
Questions 39-42 refer to the following talk.
(narrator) Listen to a talk by a tour guide in a landmark.
(man) Let me give you a general overview of this beautiful place.
Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) or Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park (literally
translated) is a culture-based recreational area located in East Jakarta, Indonesia.
It has an area of about 250 acres (1.0km2). The park is a synopsis of Indonesian
culture, with virtually all aspects of daily life in Indonesias 26 (in 1975) provinces
encapsulated in separate pavilions with the collections of Indonesian architecture,
clothing, dances and traditions are all depicted impeccably. Apart from that, there
is a lake with a miniature of the archipelago in the middle of it, cable cars, museums,
Keong Emas Imax cinema, a theater called the Theatre of My Homeland (Theater
Tanah Airku) and other recreational facilities which make TMII one of the most
popular tourist destinations in the city. Since 2007 Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
launched new logo with branding slogan Pesona Indonesia (Indonesian Charm).
Okay, thats enough. Lets start the tour.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taman_Mini_Indonesia_Indah)

39. What is the area of TMII?


JAWABAN: C
1 km2

40. Which is not available in TMII?


JAWABAN: D
Indonesian paintings

41. Which statement is false according to the talk?


JAWABAN: A
TMII has a swimming pool.

42. What will the participants probably do next?


JAWABAN: C
Have a tour.

34
Questions 43-46 refer to the following talk.
(narrator) Listen to a talk by a professor about Habibie.
(woman) Today we will be discussing about a very famous Indonesian former president.
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie.
He was born 25 June 1936. He is a former politician of the State of Indonesia.
His presidency (19981999) was the third, and the shortest, after independence.
Habibie was born in Parepare, South Sulawesi Province to Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie
and R. A. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. His father was an agriculturist from Gorontalo
of Bugis descent and his mother was a Javanese noblewoman from Yogyakarta.
His parents met while studying in Bogor. Habibies father died when he was 14
years old.
Following his fathers death, Habibie continued his studies in Jakarta and then
in 1955 moved to Germany. In 1960, Habibie received a degree in engineering
in Germany, giving him the title Diplom-Ingenieur. He remained in Germany as a
research assistant under Hans Ebner to conduct research for his doctoral degree.
In 1962, Habibie returned to Indonesia for three months on sick leave. During this
time, he was reacquainted with Hasri Ainun, the daughter of R. Mohamad Besari.
Habibie had known Hasri Ainun in childhood, junior high school and in senior
high school at SMA-Kristen, Bandung. The two married on 12 May 1962, returning
to Germany shortly afterwards. Then, in May 1963 they had a son, Ilham Akbar
Habibie.
Okay, thats only some information about Habibie. I would like all of you to find
more information on his next years of life.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._J._Habibie)

43. What is the talk about?


JAWABAN: D
Its about the life of Habibie.

44. The following statements are TRUE according to the talk EXCEPT
JAWABAN: D
He had a son in 1960.

45. From the talk, it is known that


JAWABAN: D
Habibie married the daughter of R. Mohamad Besari.

46. Why did Habibie return to Indonesia in 1962?


JAWABAN: A
Because he got ill.

35
Questions 47-50 refer to the following talk.
(narrator) Listen to a talk by a lecturer about the solar system.
(woman) This poster I have is a poster of the Solar System. Of course you knew that.
Well, the Solar System is the Sun and the objects that orbit the Sun. These are
aplanetary system of eight planets and various secondary bodies, dwarf planets
and small Solar System objects that orbit the Sun directly, as well as satellite
(moons) that orbit many planets and smaller objects. The Solar System formed 4.6
billion years ag. The vast majority of the systems mass is in the Sun, with most of
the remaining mass contained in Jupiter. The four smaller inner planets, Mercury,
Venus, Earth and Mars, also called the terrestrial planets, are primarily composed of
rock and metal. The four outer planets, called the gas giants, are substantially more
massive than the terrestrials. The two largest, Jupiter and Saturn, are composed
NBJOMZPGIZESPHFOBOEIFMJVNUIFUXPPVUFSNPTUQMBOFUT Uranus and Neptune,
are composed largely of substances with relatively high melting points, called ices,
such as water, ammonia and methane, and are often referred to separately as ice
giants. All planets have almost circular orbits that lie within a nearly flat disc called
the ecliptic plane.
Okay, are there any questions?
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_System)

47. What subject might this lecture be?


JAWABAN: B
Astronomy

48. What is the Solar System?


JAWABAN: D
Its the Sun and the objects that orbit the Sun.

49. The Solar System was formed...


JAWABAN: D
4.6 billion years ago.

50. What is meant by terrestrial planets?


JAWABAN: C
They are the four small planets closest to the sun.

STRUCTURE
1. Pembahasan:
Bagian yang hilang dalam kalimat ini adalah subjek kalimat. Walaupun terdapat frasa kata
benda di antara dua koma (...,the inventor of light bulb,...), frasa kata benda ini bukan merupakan

36
Subjek kalimat melainkan hanya keterangan tambahan dari subjek. Salah satu bentuk subjek
kalimat adalah frasa kata benda (noun phrase). Pilihan (B) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat
karena merupakan sebuah frasa kata benda.

2. Pembahasan:
Yang hilang dari kalimat tersebut adalah bagian dari predikat yang merupakan verb. Subjek
kalimat sudah ada. Jika kita pilih jawaaban pilihan (A), (B), atau (C) akan terjadi subjek ganda.
Oleh karena itu, pilihan yang paling tepat adalah pilihan (D).

3. Pembahasan:
Kalimat ini mengisyaratkan adanya pertentangan. Sehingga, pilihan jawaban (B) but adalah
pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat rumpang di atas.

4. Pembahasan:
Kalimat ini memiliki kaitan dengan materi Parallelism dan bentuk-bentuk dari verb. Hal yang
hilang dari kalimat ini adalah verb. Bentuk verb pada kalimat yang hilang harus senada dengan
bentuk kalimat sebelumnya, karena kedua kalimat tersebut paralel (terdapat conjunction
..., and ...). Bentuk verb kalimat pertama adalah ... was happy, sehingga bentuk verb kalimat
kedua harus terdapat kata ... was .... Pilihan (B) tidak tepat karena kata was to form masih
membutuhkan objek. Pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat karena setelah kata was
formed tidak perlu dibubuhi objek kata apa pun.

5. Pembahasan:
Dari semua pilihan jawaban, yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat di atas adalah
pilihan (B) karena artinya di antara tahun 1939 dan 1945.

6. Pembahasan:
Dari kalimat berikut ini dapat diktahui bahwa kata-kata good mastery ... adalah bentuk dari
noun phrase. Maka, kalimat yang rumpang harus diisi dengan bentuk noun phrase juga. Pilih-
an (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat karena high confidence merupakan bentuk noun
phrase. Sedangkan pilihan (D) tidak tepat karena confident bukan noun melainkan adjective.

7. Pembahasan:
Bagian yang hilang dari kalimat ini adalah kalimat utama. Pilihan (B), (C), dan (D) tidak tepat
karena bukan dalam bentuk sebuah kalimat. Pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat
karena dalam bentuk sebuah kalimat (S+V). Spring tides sebagai subjek, dan are formed
sebagai predikat/verb.

8. Pembahasan:
Ada dua hal hilang dari kalimat ini. Yang pertama adalah verb, dan yang kedua adalah kata
sandang. Karena subjek kalimat ini some people adalah jamak, maka kata kerja yang bisa

37
mengikuti adalah kata kerja dalam bentuk aslinya (tidak ada imbuhan apa pun). Kata have
adalah kata yang tepat untuk menjadi kerja kalimat ini. Sedangkan kata sandang yang tepat
untuk menemani kata money adalah amount, karena kata amount hanya dapat menjadi
kata sandang pada kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung (uncountable noun). Oleh karena
itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

9. Pembahasan:
Bagian kalimat yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat tersebut ada pada pilihan (C).
Setelah kata who harus ada subjek dan predikat. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban yang
paling tepat adalah pilihan (C).

10. Pembahasan:
Setelah kata by yang boleh mengikuti hanyalah kata dalam bentuk noun atau yang dianggap
sebagai noun (contoh: gerund/Ving). Pilihan (B) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat karena kata
rubbing adalah bentuk gerund, dan kata rules memiliki bentuk yang paralel dengan kata
combs karena sama-sama kata benda dalam bentuk jamak.

11. Pembahasan:
Phrasa yang berada di antara , ..., merupakan keterangan dari kata benda (noun) yang ada di
depannya. Salah satu bentuk phrasa yang digunakan adalah dalam bentuk frasa kata benda
(noun phrase). Selanjutnya, salah satu jenis kata yang boleh berada di depan kata of adalah
noun/noun phrase. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

12. Pembahasan:
Bagian kalimat yang rumpang ini memiliki kaitan dengan penyederhanaan bentuk klausa
kata sifat. Bentuk klausa kata sifat ... which has..., dapat disederhanakan menjadi ...having...,.
Mengapa having, karena kata yang memperoleh imbuhan ing harus dalam aslinya.

13. Pembahasan:
Kata atau frasa yang bisa hadir setelah preposition of adalah noun atau noun phrase.
Jawaban (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat, karena fallen snow adalah noun phrase.

14. Pembahasan:
Pada kalimat ini, bagian yang hilang adalah subject. Akan tetapi, karena kalimat ini diawali
dengan ungkapan negative, maka posisi subjek dan verb harus dibalik. Karena verb transitif
kalimat ini sudah ada, kata kerja penghubung (does) harus disertakan. Oleh karena itu,
pilihan (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

15. Pembahasan:
Kalimat ini membutuhkan adjective clause yang menjelaskan kata benda novels. Dalam
adjective clause, apabila noun yang dijelaskan adalah benda mati maka kata that/which dapat

38
digunakan untuk memulai menjelaskan noun. Setelah kata that dapat langsung diikuti oleh
kata kerja. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang tepat.

WRITTEN EXPRESSION
16. Pembahasan:
Subjek Thunder adalah kata benda (orang ke III) tunggal, sehingga seharusnya diikuti
oleh kata kerja V+s/es. Pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat, karena kata kata kerja
happen tidak mendapatkan imbuhan s/es.

17. Pembahasan:
Kata atom dalam pengucapannya diawali oleh huruf vokal //, sehingga artikel yang
tepat adalah an. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

18. Pembahasan:
Subjek kalimat ini adalah jamak, sehingga perlu diikuti oleh verb dalam bentuk aslinya
(tanpa ada imbuhan apa pun). Oleh karena itu, pilihan (B) involves harus diganti menjadi
involve.

19. Pembahasan:
Pada kalimat ini yang salah adalah pilihan (D) karena frasa tersebut tidak lengkap. Seha-
rusnya as well ditambahi menjadi as well as atau diganti dengan kata and. Oleh karena
itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

20. Pembahasan:
Frasa other brain structure salah karena other berarti yang lainnya (jamak). Yang benar
adalah other brain structures. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

21. Pembahasan:
Frasa the great Buddhist monuments salah. Yang benar adalah the greatest Buddhist
monuments. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

22. Pembahasan:
Frasa to fighting salah karena to pada frasa tersebut harus diikuti oleh infinitive (V1). Yang
benar adalah to fight. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

23. Pembahasan:
Frasa for appear salah. Kata for adalah preposition (kata depan). Preposition harus diikuti
noun/gerund/pronoun/noun phrase/noun clause. Yang benar adalah for appearing. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

39
24. Pembahasan:
Kata it eyes merupakan kata yang tidak memiliki susunan yang benar. Seharusnya, kata
it diganti dengan kata its untuk merepresentasikan kata ganti kepemilikan the giant
panda. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

25. Pembahasan:
Kata move seharusnya dijelaskan oleh adverb (kata keterangan). Kata free bukan meru-
pakan keterangan, melainkan kata sifat. Untuk mengubah kata free menjadi kata kete-
rangan, maka perlu ditambahkan akhiran ly. Kata free diubah menjadi freely. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

26. Pembahasan:
Pada adjective clauase, penggunaan kata kerja harus menyesuaikan dengan kata benda
yang dijelaskan. Sydney Harbor Bridge adalah kata benda tunggal, maka kata kerjanya
harus dibubuhi akhiran s/es. Kata connect menjadi connects. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

27. Pembahasan:
Dalam pembahasan noun phrase, adverb (kata keterangan) tidak bisa menjelaskan noun.
Maka, kata optically harus diubah dalam bentuk kata sifat, yakni: optical. Oleh karena
itu, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawban yang paling tepat.

28. Pembahasan:
Bentuk Ving tidak bisa berperan sebagai verb dalam sebuah kalimat. Untuk konteks ka-
limat ini kata selecting harus dibuah kedalam bentuk present tense, yakni: select. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

29. Pembahasan:
Kata-kata yang diletakkan secara paralel dalam kalimat ini adalah kata sifat, yakni: recre-
ational, commercial, and industry.... Namun, kata industry bukan kata sifat, melainkan
kata benda. Maka kata industry harus diubah dalam bentuk kata sifat, yakni: industrial.
Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang benar.

30. Pembahasan:
Kata record salah. Yang benar adalah recorded karena adjective (kata sifat) yang dibutuh-
kan. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

31. Pembahasan:
Frasa one of the worlds best-selling author salah karena seharusnya one of the worlds
best-selling authors. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

40
32. Pembahasan:
Kata unlikely adalah kata adjective. Kata tersebut seharusnya diubah menjadi unlike.
Oleh karena itu, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

33. Pembahasan:
Karena kalimat ini mengungkapkan suatu kejadian yang lampau (ditandai dengan peng-
gunaan between 1589 and 1613), maka penggunaan verb pada kalimat ini juga ha-
rus dalam bentuk lampau. Kata produces menjadi produced. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

34. Pembahasan:
Kata they seharusnya diganti oleh each yang artinya masing-masing. Karena subjeknya
tunggal, yaitu hail. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang pa-
ling tepat.

35. Pembahasan:
Kata are seharusnya diganti oleh is karena subjeknya tunggal, yaitu Orchidaceae. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

36. Pembahasan:
Kata many newspapers tidak dapat digantikan oleh kata its karena kata its hanya bisa
menggantikan benda tunggal, sedangkan many newspapers adalah benda jamak. Kata
its diubah menjadi their. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling benar.

37. Pembahasan:
Penggunaan kata kerja setelah kata hubung and harus paralel dengan kata kerja sebe-
lumnya. Kata kerja pada kalimat pertama dalam bentuk past (lampau), maka kata kerja
pada kalimat setelah and harus juga dalam bentuk lampau. Kata describe diubah men-
jadi described. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling
tepat.

38. Pembahasan:
Bentuk kata Ving bukan merupakan bentuk noun, sehingga frasa yang berada sebelum
kata of tidak berfungsi sebagai noun phrase. Untuk itu, kata completing harus diubah
menjadi completion supaya frasa tersebut manjadi noun phrase. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

39. Pembahasan:
Frasa the longer salah. Seharusnya diubah menjadi the longest. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

41
40. Pembahasan:
Penggunaan artikel an menunjukan bahwa kata benda tersebut tunggal, sedangkan
kata effects menunjukkan bahwa hal tersebut bersifat jamak. Maka, kata effects harus
diubah menjadi effect. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang
paling tepat.

READING COMPREHENSION
1. Pembahasan:
Keterangan mengenai topik dari bacaan ini dapat diketahui dari kalimat 1 paragraf I: The
platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to eastern Australia,
including Tasmania. Kalimat ini menunjukan tentang gambaran umum mengenai platypus.
Maka, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

2. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini mengisyaratkan bahwa hanya ada 1 pilihan jawaban yang benar. the male
platypus having a spur on the hind foot that delivers venom capable of causing severe pain to
humans ungkapan yang digarisbawahi menunjukkan bahwa platypus dapat menyebabkan
rasa sakit yang hebat terhadap manusia. Sehingga, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

3. Pembahasan:
Kata its pada baris ke-4 secara jelas merujuk pada subjek kalimat pertama. Pilihan jawaban
(A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

4. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini mengisyaratkan yang ditanyakan adalah sesuatu yang benar dari bacaan.
Pilihan (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling benar karena sesuai dengan peryataan
dalam kalimat Until the early 20th century, it was hunted for its fur, but it is now protected
throughout its range. Kalimat it is now protected. berarti bahwa sekarang platypus sudah
tidak diburu lagi.

5. Pembahasan:
Kata features memiliki makna yang sama dengan characteristics (ciri-ciri). Maka, pilihan (B)
adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling benar.

6. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini mengisyaratkan jawaban yang TIDAK sesuai dengan bacaan. Pilihan (C)
adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat karena pada kalimat The unusual appearance of
this egg-laying, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed mammal... yang benar adalah beaver-
tailed bukan small-tailed.

42
7. Pembahasan:
Kata emblem memiliki arti lambang. Pilihan yang memiliki makna sama dengan lambang
adalah kata symbol. Sehingga, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

8. Pembahasan:
Dari bacaan, dapat diketahui bahwa yang dapat menghasilkan racun adalah platypus jantan.
Informasi ini ada pada baris ke 8-10. Sehingga, pilihan (B) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

9. Pembahasan:
Sangat jelas sekali dalam kalimat ini the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving
birth dinyatakan bahwa platypus bertelur bukan melahirkan. Sehingga, pilihan jawaban (B)
adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

10. Pembahasan:
Kata immediate memiliki arti langsung. Selanjutnya, pilihan (A) direct juga berarti langsung.
Sehingga pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

11. Pembahasan:
Jawaban pertanyaan ini sangat jelas sekali terlihat dari setiap kalimat pertama dari setiap
paragraf. Pilihan (A) terlalu spesifik karena hanya merupakan topik dari paragraf tertentu.
Pilihan (B) dan (D) tidak tepat karena tidak memiliki keterkaitan dengan bacaan. Oleh karena
itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

12. Pembahasan:
Kata credited memiliki arti diberikan atau dipersembahkan. Kata honored juga berarti di-
berikan atau dipersembahkan. Sehingga, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang
paling tepat.

13. Pembahasan:
Topik dari paragraf ke-2 dapat kita lihat dari kalimat pertama paragraf ke-2, yakni: The
brothers fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled
the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method .... Dari
penggalan paragraf ini, kita dapat mengetahui bahwa kalimat kedua menjelaskan tentang
three-axis control. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

14. Pembahasan:
Kata remains dalam ...remains standard ... berarti tetap menjadi. Kata stays adalah satu-
satunya kata yang memiliki makna yang sama dengan remains. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C)
adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

43
15. Pembahasan:
Kata any menggantikan klausa Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel yang mana klausa
ini secara tidak langsung berarti percobaan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa kata any
mengacu pada other experiments. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (B) adalah pilihan yang paling
tepat.

16. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini dimaksudkan untuk mencari satu pernyataan yang paling sesuai dengan
bacaan. Pilihan jawaban (A), (B), dan (D) bertentangan dengan isi bacaan. Oleh karena itu,
pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling sesuai.

17. Pembahasan:
Kata essential berarti penting. Pilihan jawaban (A) good = baik, pilihan jawaban (B) useful =
berguna, pilihan jawaban (C) available = tersedia, dan pilihan jawaban (D) important = pen-
ting. Maka dari itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

18. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini meminta kita untuk mencari pernyataan yang salah dari bacaan. Pilihan
jawaban (A) dan (B) benar karena kedua keterangan tadi terdapat dalam paragraf pertama.
Pilihan jawaban (C) benar karena pernyataannya terdapat pada paragraf kedua. Oleh karena
itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

19. Pembahasan:
Kata their merujuk pada the Wrights. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

20. Pembahasan:
Jawaban mengenai pertanyaan mengenai kesimpulan tidak dapat diketahui secara langsung
(explicit) dari bacaan akantetapi kita harus membaca secara mendalam bacaan ini. Pilihan
(A), (B), dan (D) merupakan informasi pendukung dari suatu topik maka ketiga pilihan ini
tidak tepat. Maka, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

21. Pembahasan:
Maksud pertanyaan ini adalah menanyakan tentang topik dari bacaan. Dapat kita ketahui
bahwa setiap paragraf membahas hal yang sama tetapi dengan konteks yang berbeda, yakni:
Insomnia atau sleeplessness. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa topik dari bacaan ini adalah
tentang the general idea of sleeplessness. Oleh karena itu, pilihan (C) adalah pilihan yang
paling tepat.

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22. Pembahasan:
Kata demonstrated = ditunjukkan. Pilihan (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat
karena showed = ditunjukkan. Pilihan jawaban (B) argued = diperdepatkan, (C) demanded
= diminta, dan (D) suggested = disarankan.

23. Pembahasan:
Jawaban pertanyaan ini sudah sangat jelas terdapat pada baris ke-9, yakni: Insomnia can
occur at any age,. Any age di sini berarti semua umur atau dengan kata lain semua orang.
Oleh karena itu, pilihan (D) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

24. Pembahasan:
Pilihan (A), (C), dan (D) sudah sangat jelas sekali terdapat pada baris 11-14. Maka dari itu, pili-
han (B) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat karena tidak terdapat dalam bacaan.

25. Pembahasan:
Jawaban pertanyaan ini sangat jelas terdapat pada baris ke-15, yaitu: Those who are having
trouble sleeping sometimes turn to sleeping pills. Kata pills memiliki padanan kata yang
sama dengan medicine. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang
paling benar.

26. Pembahasan:
Kata dependence = ketergantungan. Kata lain yang memiliki makna yang serupa adalah
kata addiction. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling
benar.

27. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini mengisyaratkan sebuah jawaban yang memiliki kesesuaian dengan bacaan.
Pilihan (A), (B), dan (D) tidak tepat, karena apa yang diungkapkan pada masing-masing pilihan
jawaban bertentangan dengan isi bacaan. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat
adalah (C).

28. Pembahasan:
Kata grouped = dikelompokkan/diklasifikasikan. Kata yang memiliki kemiripan makna
dengan grouped adalah classified. Oleh karene itu, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

29. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan jenis ini meminta sebuah jawaban yang tidak sesuai dengan isi bacaan. Pilihan
(A), (B), dan (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang memiliki kesesuaian dengan isi bacaan.
Sedangkan pilihan jawaban (C) bertentangan dengan isi jawaban. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
inilah yang paling tepat.

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30. Pembahasan:
Pengertian insomnia terdapat pada baris 1 dan 2 pada kalimat Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is
a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired.
Oleh karena itu, pilihan (A) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat.

31. Pembahasan:
Judul yang tepat untuk bacaan di atas adalah Palm Trees karena setiap paragraf dalam
bacaan ini menjelaskan tentang Palm Trees dari berbagai segi. Pilihan (B) tidak disebutkan
dalam bacaan, pilihan (C) dan (D) hanya mewakili paragraf tertentu. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (A) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

32. Pembahasan:
Kata currently berarti saat ini. Pilihan (A) new = baru, (B) present = hadir, (C) now = saat ini,
dan (D) then = kemudian. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang
paling tepat.

33. Pembahasan:
Ekspresi distinguished by memiliki arti tertutupi oleh. Kata covered by juga memiliki arti
tertutupi oleh. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

34. Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan ini mengisyaratkan sebuah jawaban yang sesuai dengan bacaan. Pilihan jawaban
(C) adalah pilihan yang paling tepat karena keterangan ini ada pada baris ke-11.

35. Pembahasan:
Pilihan (A), (B), dan (C) terdapat dalam bacaan. Pilihan (D) tidak terdapat dalam bacaan,
karena secara logika di Arctic tidak ada tanaman karena seluruh daerahnya dilapisi oleh es.

36. Pembahasan:
Kata extensively memiliki arti dengan luas. Kata largely juga memiliki arti dengan luas. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

37. Pembahasan:
Kata they merujuk pada kata palms. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (A) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

38. Pembahasan:
Kata appearence memiliki arti penampilan. Kata look juga memiliki arti penampilan. Oleh
karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

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39. Pembahasan:
Pernyataan yang tidak benar adalah They are symbols for health. Pernyataan yang ada
pada pilihan (A), (B), dan (C) benar dan terdapat pada baris ke 21-22. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

40. Pembahasan:
Dari bacaan, dapat diketahui bahwa pohon palm dibudidayakan. Informasi ini dapat
didapatkan pada baris ke-19. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan jawaban
yang paling tepat.

41. Pembahasan:
Bacaan tersebut berisi tentang gambaran umum PBB. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C)
adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

42. Pembahasan:
Berdasarkan bacaan, dapat diketahui bahwa salah satu tugas PBB adalah mencegah konflik.
Informasi tersebut ada pada baris ke 3-4. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

43. Pembahasan:
Yang bukan menjadi tujuan PBB ada pada pilihan (D). Informasi pada pilihan (A), (B), dan (C)
ada pada baris ke 7-10. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan jawaban yang
paling tepat.

44. Pembahasan:
Kata its merujuk pada kata UNSs. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan jawaban
yang paling tepat.

45. Pembahasan:
Kata major memiliki arti besar. Kata big juga memiliki arti besar. Oleh karena itu, pilihan
jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

46. Pembahasan:
Pernyataan yang tidak sesuai dengan bacaan ada pada pilihan (D). Informasi pada pilihan
(A), (B), dan (C) ada pada baris ke 22-28. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

47. Pembahasan:
Kata prominent memiliki arti terkemuka. Kata famous juga memiliki arti terkemuka atau
terkenal. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (B) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

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48. Pembahasan:
Penulis menjelaskan tentang UN System agencies pada baris ke 28-32. Oleh karena itu,
pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

49. Pembahasan:
Kata granted memiliki arti diberikan. Kata given juga memiliki arti diberikan. Oleh karena
itu, pilihan jawaban (C) adalah pilihan jawaban yang paling tepat.

50. Pembahasan:
Paragraf selanjutnya akan membicarakan masalah ketidakefektifan PBB. Hal ini dapat
diketahui pada akhir paragraf ke-4. Oleh karena itu, pilihan jawaban (D) adalah pilihan
jawaban yang paling tepat.

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Referensi soal-soal TPA masuk pascasarjana UNY dan UGM tahun 2013
artikata.com
mediaindonesia.com
kompas.com
kr.com
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Edison
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II
http://www.onegeology.org/extra/kids/earthprocesses/tides.html
www.chem4kids.com/files/atom_neutron.html
http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/glaciers/questions/what.htm
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atom
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_brain
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borobudur
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uluru
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_panda
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outer_space
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Jackson
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niagara_Falls
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roald_Dahl
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hail
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchidaceae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newspaper
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartoon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bicycle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suramadu_Bridge
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platypus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insomnia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arecaceae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taman_Mini_Indonesia_Indah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_System

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TENTANG PENULIS

Cinthia Reswari, M.Pd., adalah instructor TOEFL (ProTEFL) di


Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa UNY dan ikut terlibat dalam
pengembangan bahan ajar TOEFL (ProTEFL). Lahir di Yogya-
karta, 3 Agustus 1989. Dulu Sekolah Dasar di SD Singosaren
Bantul dan Epping Public School (Sydney, Australia). SMP di
Cheltenham Girls High School (Sydney, Australia) dan di SMP
Muhammadiyah 2 Yogyakarta. SMA di SMA N 1 Kasihan (SMA
N Tirtonirmolo). Menyelesaikan pendidikan S1 jurusan Pendi-
dikan Bahasa Inggris di Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta tahun
2012. Telah menyelesaikan pendidikan S2 jurusan
Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris di Universitas Sebelas Maret. Selain
menjadi instructor TOEFL (ProTEFL) di P2B UNY, juga aktif menu-
lis buku pengayaan bahasa Inggris untuk SMP dan SMA. Juga
sedang mengembangkan lembaga pendidikan bahasa Inggris
yang bernama A.S. English House di Kotagede Yogyakarta. Sekarang
sedang menempuh pendidikan S3 di UNNES.

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