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Unit 5.2 (Components of the Universe) Unit 5.

2 (Components of the Universe)


Students will be able to... Students will be able to...
recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of a disc-shaped recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of a disc-shaped
galaxy of stars and that the Sun is many thousands of times closer to the Earth galaxy of stars and that the Sun is many thousands of times closer to the Earth
than any other star than any other star
model and describe how light years are used to measure distances and sizes in model and describe how light years are used to measure distances and sizes in
the universe the universe
describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, and galaxies, and describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, and galaxies, and
use models such as the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for classification use models such as the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for classification
explore how different wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum such as light explore how different wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum such as light
and radio waves are used to gain information about distances and properties of and radio waves are used to gain information about distances and properties of
components in the universe. components in the universe.
research how specific data are used as evidence to develop scientific theories to research how specific data are used as evidence to develop scientific theories to
describe the origin of the universe describe the origin of the universe

Essential Questions Essential Questions


How are different wavelengths of the EM spectrum used to gain information How are different wavelengths of the EM spectrum used to gain information
about distances and properties within the universe? about distances and properties within the universe?
What are the characteristics and location of the sun within our galaxy? What are the characteristics and location of the sun within our galaxy?
How do scientists describe the components of the universe? How do scientists describe the components of the universe?
How is the HR Diagram used to classify stars? How is the HR Diagram used to classify stars?
How do we use light years to measure distance and size in the universe? How do we use light years to measure distance and size in the universe?
What evidence supports scientific theories on the origin of the universe? What evidence supports scientific theories on the origin of the universe?

Vocabulary Vocabulary
o Big Bang Theory o light waves o telescope o Big Bang Theory o light waves o telescope
o electromagnetic spectrum o light year o universe o electromagnetic spectrum o light year o universe
o emit o nebula o wavelength o emit o nebula o wavelength
o frequency o radio waves o apparent magnitude o frequency o radio waves o apparent magnitude
o luminosity o red shift o absolute magnitude o luminosity o red shift o absolute magnitude
o brightness o spectroscope o elliptical o brightness o spectroscope o elliptical
o galaxy o spectral class o spiral o galaxy o spectral class o spiral
o HR Diagram o sun o irregular o HR Diagram o sun o irregular
TEKS TEKS
8.8 Earth and space. The student knows characteristics of the universe. The student 8.8 Earth and space. The student knows characteristics of the universe. The student
is expected to: is expected to:
8.8C explore how different wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum such as 8.8C explore how different wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum such as
light and radio waves are used to gain information about distances and properties of light and radio waves are used to gain information about distances and properties of
components in the universe components in the universe
8.8B recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of the disc- 8.8B recognize that the Sun is a medium-sized star near the edge of the disc-
shaped galaxy of stars and that the Sun is many thousands of times closer to the shaped galaxy of stars and that the Sun is many thousands of times closer to the
Earth than any other star Earth than any other star
8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, and galaxies, 8.8A describe components of the universe, including stars, nebulae, and galaxies,
and use models such as the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for classification and use models such as the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for classification
8.8D model and describe how light years are used to measure distances and sizes 8.8D model and describe how light years are used to measure distances and sizes
in the universe in the universe
8.8E research how specific data are used as evidence to develop scientific theories 8.8E research how specific data are used as evidence to develop scientific theories
to describe the origin of the universe to describe the origin of the universe